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Full text of "1997 IUCN red list of threatened plants"

The lUCN Species Survival Commission 

1997 lUCN Red List of 

Threatened Plants 

Edited by Kerry S. Walter and Harriet J. Gillett 

Compiled by the 
World Conservation Monitoring Centre 




lUCN 

Tbl World Conservation Union 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge 



http://www.archive.org/details/1997iucnredlisto97walt 



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The lUCN Species Survival Commission 



1997 lUCN Red List of 

Threatened 



Plants 



Edited by 

Kerry S. Walter (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh) and 
Harriet J. Gillett (World Conservation Monitoring Centre) 



lUCN 




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VWORLD CONSERVATION 
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Chicago Zoological Society 



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BOTANIC 
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NATURAL HISTORY 



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fuUaJuutofOman WWF 



The lUCN Species Survival Commission 



1997 lUCN Red List Of 

Threatened 



Plants 



Edited by 

Kerry S. Walter (Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh) and 
Harriet J. Gillett (World Conservation Monitoring Centre) 

Compiled by 

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre 

In association with 

Association for Biodiversity Information 

National Botanical Institute 

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 

Smithsonian Institution 

The Nature Conservancy 

The New York Botanical Garden 

Wildlife Australia 

Foreword by 

Brian Huntley 



lUCN - The World Conservation Union 
1998 



The designation of geographical entities in this book, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the 
expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of lUCN or other participating organizations concerning the 
legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers 
or boundaries. 

The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of lUCN or other participating 
organizations. 



Published by: 



lUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK 



lUCN 

The World Conservation Union 



Copyright: 



Citation: 

ISBN: 
Cover photo: 

Produced by: 



Printed by: 
Available from: 



© 1998 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 

Reproduction of this publication for educational and other non-commercial purposes 
is authorised without prior written permission from the copyright holder provided the 
source is fully acknowledged. 

Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is 
prohibited without prior written permission of the copyright holder. 

Walter, K.S. and Gillett, H.J. [eds] (1998). 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. 
Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. lUCN - The World 
Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Ixiv + 862pp. 

2-8317-0328-X 

Elaeocarpus bojeri, a critically endangered tree endemic to the island of 
Mauritius: Wendy Strahm. 

lUCN Publications Services Unit 

Camera-ready copy of the List, data sources and index were provided by the World 
Conservation Monitoring Centre, 2 1 9 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 ODL, UK. 

Page Bros (Norwich) Ltd 

lUCN Publications Services Unit 

219c Huntington Road, Cambridge CB3 ODL, UK 

Tel: +44 1223 277894, Fax +44 1223 277175 

E-mail: iucn-psu@wcmc.org.uk 

http://www.iucn.org 

A catalogue of lUCN publications is also available. 



The text of this book is primed on 90 gsm Fineblade Cartridge made from low-chlorine pulp. 



Contributions to the lUCN Species Survival 

Commission and tlie 7997 lUCN Red List of 

Threatened Plants 



The Species Survival Commission gratefiilly 
recognizes its extensive network of volunteers and 
partner organisations who make products like the 
lUCN Red Lists possible. Those individuals who 
have contributed time and expertise are listed in the 
Acknowledgements. SSC also wishes to acknow- 
ledge those donors whose major financial 
contributions support a wide variety of SSC 
activities, as well as development and publication of 
the 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. 

The Sultanate of Oman established the Peter Scott 
lUCN/SSC Action Plan Fund in 1990. The Fund 
supports Action Plan development and implemen- 
tation; to date, more than 80 grants have been made 
from the Fund to Specialist Groups. As a result, the 
Action Plan Programme has progressed at an 
accelerated level and the network has grown and 
matured significantly. The SSC is grateful to the 
Sultanate of Oman for its confidence in and support 
for species conservation worldwide. 

The Chicago Zoological Society (CZS) provides 
significant in-kind and cash support to the SSC, 
including grants for special projects, editorial and 
design services, staff secondments and related 
support services. The mission of CZS is to help 
people develop a sustainable and harmonious 
relationship with nature. The Zoo carries out its 
mission by informing and inspiring 2,000,000 
annual visitors, serving as a refuge for species 
threatened with extinction, developing scientific 
approaches to manage species successfully in zoos 
and the wild, and working with other zoos, agencies, 
and protected areas around the world to conserve 
habitats and wildlife. 

The Council of Agriculture (COA), Taiwan has 

awarded major grants to the SSC's Wildlife Trade 
Programme and Conservation Communications 
Programme. This support has enabled SSC to 
continue its valuable technical advisory service to 
the Parties to CITES as well as to the larger global 
conservation community. Among other responsi- 
bilities, the COA is in charge of matters concerning 
the designation and management of nature reserves, 
conservation of wildlife and their habitats, 
conservation of natural landscapes, coordination of 



law enforcement efforts as well as promotion of 
conservation education, research and international 
cooperation. 

The World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) 
provides significant annual operating support to the 
SSC. WWF's contribution supports the SSC's 
minimal infrastructure and helps ensure that the 
voluntary network and Publications Programme are 
adequately supported. WWF aims to conserve 
nature and ecological processes by: (1) preserving 
genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity; (2) 
ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources 
is sustainable both now and in the longer term; and 
(3) promoting actions to reduce pollution and the 
wastefiil exploitation and consumption of resources 
and energy. WWF is one of the world's largest 
independent conservation organizations with a 
network of National Organizations and Associates 
around the world and over 5.2 million regular 
supporters. WWF continues to be known as World 
Wildlife Fund in Canada and in the United States of 
America. 

The National Wildlife Federation (NWF) made 
significant annual contributions to the SSC 
Conservation Communications Fund and SSC's 
southeast Asia programme during the mid-1990s. 
NWF is the largest non-governmental, non-profit 
conservation-education and advocacy organization 
in the United States. It emphasizes assisting 
individuals and organizations of all cultures, in the 
United States and abroad, to conserve wildlife and 
other natural resources and to protect the earth's 
environment to assure a peaceful, equitable, and 
sustainable future. 

lUCN also wishes to thank the Norcross Wildlife 
Foundation for supporting publication of this book. 

Contributors to the 1997 lUCN Red List of 
Threatened Plants 

The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
represents a partnership among several NGO and 
government institutions. Contributions of major 
data sets made this publication possible; these 
contributions and the institutions that made them are 
described below. Of special note is the role played 
by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 



which undertook the massive and challenging task 
of bringing the widely divergent data sources 
together. 

WCMC - World Conservation Monitoring 
Centre 

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre 
(WCMC), based in Cambridge, UK, is a joint- 
venture between the three partners in the World 
Conservation Strategy and its successor Caring for 
the Earth: lUCN - The World Conservation Union, 
UNEP - United Nations Environment Programme 
and WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature. The 
Centre provides information services on the 
conservation and sustainable use of species and 
ecosystems and supports others in the development 
of their own information systems. 

WCMC has developed global overview databases 
that include threatened plant and animal species, 
habitats of conservation concern, critical sites, 
protected areas of the world, and the utilisation of 
and trade in wildlife species and products. Drawing 
on these databases, WCMC provides an information 
service to the conservation and development 
communities, governments and the United Nations 
agencies, scientific institutions, the business and 
commercial sector, and the media. WCMC produces 
a wide variety of specialist outputs and reports based 
upon analyses of data integrated from many sources. 
It is also actively involved, particularly in 
developing countries, in building the capacities of 
other institutions for promoting and planning the 
conservation and sustainable use of their own 
biological resources. 

TNC - The Nature Conservancy 

The Nature Conservancy (TNC) is an international 
non-governmental organization dedicated exclu- 
sively to biodiversity protection. With more than 
900,000 members, the Conservancy owns and 
manages over 1,600 reserves, the largest private 
system of nature sanctuaries in the world. 
Internationally the Conservancy works to support 
in-country organizations and agencies that share its 
focus on the protection of biological diversity. The 
Conservancy has helped establish a network of 
Natural Heritage Programs and Conservation Data 
Centers, based in state and national agencies and 
private organizations throughout the United States, 
Canada, Latin America, and the Caribbean. 
Together with this network of data centers, the 
Conservancy develops and maintains biodiversity 
databases for use in informing conservation and 
development activities. The conservation status and 
geographic distribution of many western 



hemisphere plants have been assessed and 
documented by this muhi-institutional effort, 
including a comprehensive listing of threatened 
plants of the United States and Canada. This western 
hemisphere data set forms a major contribution to 
the 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants. 

ABI (formerly BIN) - associated with TNC 

The Association for Biodiversity Information (ABI) 
was established in 1994 to advance the goals of 
Natural Heritage Programs, Conservation Data 
Centers and associated organizations whose mission 
is to provide information on the distribution, 
abundance, and conservation needs of rare species 
and natural communities. ABI seeks to assist its 
members to operate as a network by sharing 
technologies, facilitating the exchange of 
knowledge and experiences, and facilitating the 
development of multijurisdictional information 
products and services. Most Natural Heritage data 
centers that provided state-level U.S. conservation 
status assessments as part of The Nature 
Conservancy's contribution to this volume are 
constituent members of ABI. 

National Botanical Institute (NBI), South Africa 

The mission of the NBI is to promote the sustainable 
use, conservation, appreciation and enjoyment of 
the exceptionally rich plant life of South Africa, for 
the benefit of all its people. The NBI grows more 
than 10,000 indigenous plant species in eight 
National Botanical Gardens, located country-wide, 
providing an exceptional amenity and educational 
focus for local and overseas visitors alike. The 
research activities of the Institute, which focus on 
the systematics, ecology, conservation, ethnobotany 
and horticulture of southern Africa's plants, are 
conducted from three research centres. These 
centres include three herbaria which together house 
1.8 million specimens. The Institute also develops 
and maintains databases on plant diversity for use in 
conservation and development activities. 

Smithsonian Institution 

The Smithsonian Institution, founded in 1 846 by an 
Act of Congress, counts among its most important 
missions the discovery, identification and under- 
standing of the world around us. Personnel and 
research support for the North America, Middle 
America and South America sections of the ]997 
lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants were provided 
by the Department of Botany, National Museum of 
Natural History, Smithsonian Institution with 
support from other sources. Its cadre of research 
scientists, which includes a large number of 
biologists specialising in taxonomy, systematics and 



evolutionary studies, is contributing to the global 
inventory of species and to the revision of our view 
of natural systems. The production of the data for 
this volume is but one of the efforts to provide 
accurate information for the use of resource 
managers and planners and as an educational tool 
for future generations. 

Wildlife Australia 

Wildlife Australia deals with wildlife issues that 
were formerly the concern of the Australian 
National Parks and Wildlife. It manages or co- 
manages with the Aboriginal traditional owners 
seventeen parks, reserves and other land and marine 
protected areas. Nature reserves, marine parks and 
botanic gardens, including the Australian National 
Botanic Garden, are also managed by Wildlife 
Australia. In areas of Australia's Commonwealth 
responsibility. Wildlife Australia manages endan- 
gered species and marine wildlife. International 
agreements to which Australia is a party and which 
are administered under the aegis of Wildlife 
Australia cover the regulation of whaling, trade in 
endangered species, protection of migratory and 
endangered species, and the conservation of nature 
in the South Pacific. Wildlife Australia is part of 
Environment Australia which incorporates the 
environment programmes of the Australian 
Department of Environment, Sport and Territories, 
and supports scientific research to document 
Australia's flora and fauna. 

RBGE - Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 

Founded in 1670 as a Physic Garden in Scotland's 
capital city, the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh is 
one of the oldest botanic gardens in the world and is, 
after Oxford, the second oldest in the United 
Kingdom. In the ensuing 327 years, it has become 
one of the world's major botanic gardens, with 
extensive research, conservation, and education 
programmes spanning the globe. Today the 
institution encompasses four gardens across 
Scotland, each affording distinct conditions for the 
cultivation of plants, and together attracting up to I 
million visitors each year. 

RBGE is primarily a research institution devoted 
to the study of plants and ftingi. Its world-famous 
living collections (58,000 accessions representing 
21,000 taxa - 6% of the world's known vascular 
plants), herbarium (2 million specimens), and 
library (300,000 books, journals, illustrations and 



archives) underpin the Garden's research 
programme in taxonomy (both monographic and 
floristic), horticulture, molecular systematics, 
genetic conservation, and both phanerogamic and 
cryptogamic biodiversity studies; these well 
documented living and herbarium collections serve 
as biological standards, and provide the taxonomic 
framework to enable publications such as this to be 
produced. 

RBGE grows 1,386 species (581 genera, 152 
families) of threatened plants listed in this book, 
including 13 that are extinct in the wild, and is 
discovering the horticultural and ecological para- 
meters under which they grow, with the eventual 
aim of re-introduction and re-establishment when 
appropriate. 

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 

The mission of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is 
to ensure better management of the Earth's 
environment by increasing knowledge and 
understanding of the plant kingdom. The Kew 
Herbarium is one of the world's largest and houses 
an encyclopaedic collection of over six million 
specimens of vascular plants and fiingi from every 
country in the world. The Jodrell Laboratory carries 
out fundamental research in plant biochemistry, 
physiology, anatomy, cytology and molecular 
systematics. The library, with its collection of over 
750,000 books and journals is a resource for all of 
Kew's research work. The living collections are the 
world's largest with 79,600 accessions representing 
35,900 species; one in ten of all vascular plants. In 
addition Kew has the largest seed bank of wild 
plants containing over 4,000 species. 

NYBG - The New York Botanical Garden 

An international leader in botanical research. The 
New York Botanical Garden is at the forefront of the 
battle to preserve the world's plant life. Since 1891 
its scientists have conducted over 1,000 research 
expeditions worldwide to discover and document 
plants. Today it operates one of the world's most 
active research programs in systematic and 
economic botany. NYBG's staff of more than 100 
researchers and technicians, including Ph.D. 
botanists, concentrates on exploring tropical regions 
where plant diversity is rapidly vanishing. The 
institution is also active in training the next 
generation of botanists through graduate programs 
here and field research abroad. 



Contents 



Foreword x 



Editors' note xi 



Acknowledgements xii 

Acronyms xvi 

Introduction xvii 

Purpose xvii 

History of the threatened plants list xviii 

Data coverage and quaHty xix 



Organisation of information xxi 

Names xxi 

Conservation Status xxii 

Distribution xxiii 

Data sources xxv 

Statistics xxv 

Analysis of tlie list xxvi 

Species counts xxvi 

Geographic analysis xxvi 

Taxonomic analysis xxxiv 

Plant extinctions xlvi 

Global Red Lists - where next? xlvii 

Appendix I: lUCN Red List Categories il 

lUCN Red List Categories as used in this 

List (pre- 1994) il 

1994 lUCN Red List Categories il 



Appendix II: Threatened Plants Database 

management 

Bibliographic information 

Taxon information 

Distribution information 



Appendix III: The Nature Conservancy 
and Wildlife Australia status ranks . . . 



. Ivii 



Interpretation of The Nature Conservancy 
status ranks Ivii 

Interpretation of Wildlife Australia status 
ranks Iviii 

References Ixi 

Navigating the List Ixiv 



1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened 

Plants 1-752 

Data sources 755-824 

Index 827-862 

List of Tables 

Table I . Major taxa included in this 

Red List xxi 

Table 2. Taxonomic levels of CITES 

listings displayed in this Red List . . . xxiii 

Table 3. BRUs (Biological Recording 

Units) xxiv 

Table 4. Comparison of potential methods 

of counting threatened plants xxvi 

Table 5. Globally threatened vascular 
plants: lUCN Category by 
country xxvii 

Table 6. Countries with at least 5% of 

their native species threatened xxxiii 

Table 7. Globally threatened taxa of 
vascular plants: lUCN Categories 
by country-level endemism xxxv 

Table 8. Globally threatened taxa of 
vascular plants: lUCN Categories 
by major taxa and families xxxv 

Table 9. Vascular plant families listed 
with at least 50% of their species 
threatened xlv 

Table 10. Number of families and genera 
containing globally threatened 
vascular plants for each lUCN Red 
List Category xlv 

Table 1 1 . Major tables used in the 

Threatened Plants Database liv 

Table 12. Type of data records suppressed 

from the Red List Iv 

Table 13. Conversion of TNC ranks to 

lUCN Categories Iviii 

List of Figures 

Figure I . Percentage of the world's 

vascular plant species threatened at 

a global scale xvii 



Foreword 



The closing decades of this century have witnessed 
an unprecedented interest in the future of planet 
earth. The alarming loss of natural habitats, and the 
species and ecosystem processes dependent on 
them, has stimulated conservationists around the 
globe to share knowledge and resources to 
document, monitor and attempt to reverse the 
deterioration of the planet's health. This book 
provides a snap-shot of the state of the world's plant 
diversity at the end of the second millennium. It 
presents a shocking picture of nearly 34,000 species, 
or 12.5 per cent of the world's flora, facing 
extinction. 

This book is the first comprehensive listing of 
threatened plants at a global scale. As a synthesis of 
numerous data sets of varying vintage and quality, it 
inevitably contains errors, redundancies and 
omissions. Its strength lies in the decision to go 
forward and publish what can at best be a first 
approximation. It is at once both a stimulus and a 
challenge to botanists and conservationists around 
the world to evaluate every statement and record 
included in this volume - and to contribute to a 
revised edition in the near future. The power and 
accessibility of the Internet and future information 
technologies will make possible a rapid advance in 
exchange and integration of threatened plant 
information, and the appearance of the second 
edition of this list in electronic as well as hard copy 
format. 

Red Data Books are as relevant today as they 
were thirty years ago when the concept was 
introduced to the world by the late Sir Peter Scott, 
then Chairman of lUCN's Species Survival 
Commission. While viewed by some as antiquated 
artefacts of the pre-electronic age, RDBs have 
served conservation well, most especially in 
developing countries where knowledge on the biota 
is often incomplete and where authoritative RDB 
lists, even in stagnant hard copy form, are an 
invaluable aid to drawing the attention of decision 
makers to biodiversity conservation priorities. 



The Convention on Biological Diversity is the 
most important international instrument for 
conservation yet created, and its implementation 
will be dependent on the availability of the kinds of 
information provided in this book. The Convention 
focuses on the responsibility of sovereign nations 
regarding biodiversity conservation and its 
sustainable use, and it is pertinent to note that a 
staggeringly high 91 per cent of the species listed in 
this book as threatened are limited in their 
geographical distribution to single countries. Thus 
the future of no fewer than 33,798 species listed in 
the book falls within the direct responsibility of 
individual nations - the majority of these signatories 
to the Convention. The Convention calls upon 
signatories to prepare national biodiversity action 
plans by mid 1997, setting a tight timetable for 
positive measures to address the conservation needs 
of the vast majority of species listed in the book. 
This volume's utility to the implementation of the 
CBD is thus of direct relevance. 

What the book does not address, nor is it meant to 
address, is the global need for capacity building in 
plant conservation biology, and most particularly in 
plant taxonomy, the Cinderella of the biosciences. 
The Convention on Biological Diversity will fail in 
all its noble goals if the taxonomic expertise of all 
countries, but most especially developing countries, 
is not rapidly reinforced. Fortunately, initiatives 
stimulated and supported by such financial 
mechanisms as the Global Environmental Facility, 
through LTNEP and UNDP, offer new opportunities 
for capacity building and institutional strength- 
ening. Motivated by the urgency of needs 
documented by books such as this and the actions 
resulting from the CBD, one can look to the near 
millennium with a cautious measure of optimism. 



Professor Brian Huntley 

National Botanical Institute, South Africa 



Editors' note 



Please read the Introduction to this book before 
consulting the Red List. It is important to 
understand the data-gathering, compiling, and 
management processes involved in preparing the list 
in order to draw reasonable conclusions from the 
data presented. The Threatened Plants Database 
from which this list was produced has been 
developed over many years and is dependent on the 
contribution of data from vastly diverse sources 
throughout the world. As this Red List is the result 
of merging several regional databases, two of which 
do not follow the lUCN Categories of threat, 
particularly detailed explanations of the conversion 
of threat categories are included. 

There are many challenges arising from the 
management of such a large data set, some of which 
are evident in this I ist. We appeal to users of this Red 
List to appreciate the complexity of managing the 
data, and the many issues that arise in attempting to 
create a harmonised and consistent list, particularly 
with regard to the following issues: 

• Only vascular plants have been included in this 
book. Much work is being done today to assess 
the number of threatened non-vascular plants, 
and hopefully these will be reported in the next 
edition of the Red List. 

• This Red List shows a distinct regional bias, 
partly due to the merging of three regional 
databases with the Threatened Plants Database, 
and partly because there are vast areas of the 
world for which floristic and conservation status 
data are incomplete, particularly in Africa, Asia, 
the Caribbean, and South America. 

• Publication of this list has been made possible 
due to the generosity of The Nature Conservancy, 
Wildlife Australia and the National Botanical 
Institute in making their extensive data sets 
available in electronic format. Anyone interested 
in obtaining fiirther details for North America, 
Australia or South Africa should contact the 
relevant organisation directly for the most current 



information about the conservation status of 
plants in these regions. 

Known synonyms have been suppressed from 
this list, although some do appear either due to 
lack of information, or differences in taxonomic 
opinion. 

Most plant author names appear as they were 
originally provided by the data source. Ideally, 
we follow the standard established by Brummitt 
and Powell (1992) for plant authorities. 
However, due to the long history of the database, 
the many sources of data, and the size of the data 
holdings, it has not been possible to bring all 
existing records in line with this standard. 

Great efforts have been taken to ensure that credit 
is given for the origin of all data, both published 
and unpublished, by providing a comprehensive 
list of data sources. The data sources also provide 
an extremely important indication of the date of 
publication and, therefore, the currency of the 
conservation data. It has not been possible to go 
back to 'old' sources for updated information, 
and some data in this list are inevitably out of 
date. 

Finally, despite our best efforts to adhere to strict 
guidelines concerning interpretation of 
conflicting sources of information, it was 
inevitable that editorial control had to be exerted 
in many instances, particularly in deciding on 
criteria for inclusion in this published list. \Vhilst 
great effort has been made to ensure the accuracy 
of the data presented, given the size of the list, it is 
inevitable that some records will prove to be 
inaccurate. As editors we accept final 
responsibility for the data presented here, but 
emphasise that a list such as this simply provides 
a view of the data as it existed on the Threatened 
Plants Database on 22 May 1997, and will always 
require further additions, alterations and 
improvements. Comments on, and additions to 
the list are always welcomed, and provide a vital 
input to improving further listings. 



Acknowledgements 



Collation of the information presented in this lUCN 
Red List has only been possible with the support of 
an enormous number of people throughout the 
world. The extent of this support is evident by 
referring to the list of 2,091 data sources which 
follows the main list. Not only do these entries 
indicate the source of the data, they also allow credit 
to be given to the primary data gatherers, without 
whom production of compendia such as this is not 
feasible. 

Many people supplied particularly large amounts 
of information and/or useful advice. At the risk of 
providing only an incomplete list, these include: J. 
Abrahamsen, CD. Adams, E. Adjanohoun, J.M. 
Aguilar Cumes, L. Ake Assi, J.R. Akeroyd, D.M. A. 
Alanen, D.M. Al-Eisawi, A.H. Al-Khayar, R.M. 
Alfaro, S.I. AH, T. Almeida, R. Alvaro, K. 
Ammann, S. Andrews, A.L. Antohiou, G. W. Argus, 
B. von Arx, E.O.A. Asibey, P.S. Ashton, G.G. 
Aymonin, J. A. Bacone, M.M.J, van Balgooy, M.J. 
Balick, P. Bamps, C. Barclay, W.T. Barker, T.M. 
Barkley, T. Baytop, H.E. Beaty, S. Beck, L.J. 
Beloussova, D. Benkert, G. BenI, P. Berry, R.W. 
Boden, P. Boniface, I. Bonnelly de Calventi, J. 
Bonnet, A. Borhidi, J. Bosser, M. Boydak, L. Brako, 
D. Bramwell, F.J. Breteler, J.D. Briggs, P. 
Broussalis, R.E. Brown, R.K. Brummitt, W. Burger, 
W. Burley, R. Burton, B. Burtt, R. Bye, L.J.T. 
Cadet, M. Lisete Caixinhas, J.E. Canfield, S. 
Carter-Holmes, J. Cerovsky, J.D. Chapman, A.O. 
Chater, M.N. Chaudhri, A.S. Cheke, S. Cheng-kui, 
M. Chilcott, V.L Chopik, E.A. Christenson, G.L. 
Church, S. Cochrane, M. Cohen, N.H.A. Cole, J.B. 
Comber, P. Condy, M. Conrad, M.J.E. Coode, 
C.D.K. Cook, T.A. Cope, F. Corbetta, B. Corrias, J. 
Cortes, R.A. Countryman, P. Coyne, P.J. Cribb, J.R. 
Croft, Q. Cronk, B.S. Croxall, K. Curry- Lindahl, T. 
Curtis, S.K. Czerepanov, W. d'Arcy, P.H. Davis, 
J. -P. d'Huart, E. d'Souza, M. Damanakis, A. Danin, 
G. Davidse, B. de Winter, R.A. DeFilipps, H. 
Demirez, G. Dennis, G. Dihoru, M. Dillon, M.G. 
Diamini, C.H. Dodson, D.D. Doone, L.E. Dorr, F. 
Dowsett-Lernaire, J. Dransfield, S. Dransfield, 
A.M. Dray, R.L. Dressier, B. Dummond, R.W 
Dwyer, J. Dwyer, LD. Edwards, E. Einarsson, T. 
Ekim, J.M. Engel, H. Ern, I. Escobar, A. Escudeiro, 
S. Estenssoro, R. Faden, P. Fairbum, A. Farjon, L. 
Farrell, J.M. Fay, A. Federov, J. Feilberg, K. 
Ferguson, L.F. Ferguson, A.A. Ferrar, S. Filipello, 
H. Fink, M.A. Fischer, J.J. Floret, E. Forero, L.L. 
Forman, B. Fredskild, J.D. Freeman, F. Friedmann, 



I. Friis, F.R. Fosberg, E. Gabrielian, F. Garbari, 
M.F. Gardner, Z.O. Gbile, C. Geerling, D. Geltman, 
A.H. Gentry, A. George, B. Gibbs- Russell, M.G. 
Gilbert, J.B. Gillett, D.R. Given, B.C. Gjerlaug, L. 
Godical, E.E. Gogina, C. Goldberg, P. Goldblatt, P. 
Golz, P.L. Gorchakovsky, S. Peccenini Gordini, N. 
Goulandris, L.D. Gomez, C. Gomez-Campo, J.-J. de 
Granville, M.H. Grayum, P. Gregerson, W. Greuter, 
C. Grey-Wilson, V.L Grubov, C.V.S. Gunatilleke, 
LA. U.N. Gunatilleke, M.N. el Hadidi, E. Hagsater, 
W.J. Hahn, T.V. Hall, N. Halle, O. Hamann, H. 
Hamburger, L. Hamet-Ahti, B.E. Hammel, A.C. 
Hamilton, A. Hansen, W.Z. Hao, R.M. Harley, L 
Hedberg, O. Hedberg, LC. Hedge, D. Henderson, 
A.J. Hepburn, F.N. Hepper, D. Herbst, J.E. 
Hernandez- Bermejo, V.H. Heywood, C. 
Hilton-Taylor, F.-C. Ho, E. Hogan, K. Holland, L. 
Holm-Nielson, S. Holt, R.E. Holttum, J. Holub, M. 
Houser, K.S. Hsu, T.C. Huang, O. Huber, C.J. 
Humphries, H.G. Hundley, D.R. Hunt, J. Hunziker, 
T. Ingelog, K. Iwatsuki, H. Jacques-Felix, P. Jaeger, 
S.K. Jain, J. Jalas, H. Jasiewicz, C. Jeffi-ey, J. Jensen, 
J. Jeremie, C. Jermy, R. Jenkins, R. Johns, D.V. 
Johnson, M.C. Johnston, J.-C. Jolinon, B. Jonsell, 
L.D. Jornez, C. Kabuye, M.G. Karrer, K. 
Kartawinata, S. Keel, D.L. Kelly, H. Keng, R. 
Kiesling, R. Kiew, Kim Yong- Shik, R.A. King, 
R.B. de Klee, S. Knees, E. Kohler, J. Komas, R. 
Krai, L Kryukova, B.A. Kuzmanov, R. Kwok, M. 
Lainz, E. Landolt, E. Lanfranco, T. Lamb, J. 
Lambinon, P. Lantz, S.E. Lauzon, A. Lawalree, C.C. 
Lay, J.-P. Lebrun, T.B. Lee, Y.N. Lee, J.H. Leigh, 
D.B. Lellinger, J.Y. Lesouef, F. Le Sueur, R. 
Letouzey, G.P. Lewis, R.W. Lichvar, J.C. 
Lindeman, H.P. Linder, A.H. Liogier, J.M. Lock, B. 
Lejtnant, D. Long, A.H. Lot, J. Lovett, C.A. Luer, 
J.L. Luteyn, H.E. Luther, S. Lyster, P.J.M. Maas, B. 
MacBryde, H.S. MacKee, J. MacKnight, D.A. 
Madulid, J. Malato- Beliz, W. Marais, F. Markgraf, 
C. Martin, G. Martinelli, P.C. Martinelli, B. 
Mathew, M. Maunder, E. Mayer, S.J. Mayo, D. 
McClintock, B.R. McDonald, L.R. McMahan, R. 
McVaugh, R.D. Meikle, J.E. Mendes Ferrao, J. 
Mennema, H. Meusel, R. Mill, J. Miller, T.G. 
Miller, N. A. Minyaev, M.J. Mitchell, N. Mohner, D. 
Money, T. Monod, F. Monterroso, B. de 
Montmollin, D.M. Moore, H.E. Moore, W.H. 
Moore, R.C. Moran, Ph. Morat, S.A. Mori, N. 
Morin, L.E. Morse, T. Miiller, M. Mufioz Schick, 
D.F. Murray, F. Nascher, C. Nelson S., F. Nemeth, 
E. Ni Lamha, O. Nilsson, D.H. Nicolson, H. Niklfeld, 
H. Nishida, R. Nordhagen, C. Norquist, M. Numata, 



C. Ochoa, H. Ohba, J.C. Okafor, R. Olaczek, L. 
Olivier, P. Olweli, S. Orzell, R.T. Pace, C.N. Page, 
J. Page, G. Palacios, C. Pannell, A. Pelaez 
Goycochea, F.H. Perring, Phan Ke Loc, D. 
Piiilcox, B.R. Philips, A. Phillipps, D. Phitos, 
R.E.G. Pichi-Sermolli, J. Pickard, S. Pignatti, 
G.E. Pilz, U. Pinborg, E, Pingitore, A.R. Pinto da 
Silva, A. Pinzi, J. J. Pipoly, M. Plotkin, A.C. 
Podzorski, R.M. Poihili, D.M. Porter, D.A. 
Powell, R. Press, G. Proctor, S. Price, A. 
Radcliffe-Smith, F. Raimondo, T.P. Ramamoorthy, 
M.H. Ramos Lopes, V. Randrianasolo, A.L. 
Rao, W. Rauh, P.H. Raven, R.W. Read, L. 
Reichling, S.A. Renvoize, S. Rivas-Martinez, 
S.A. Robertson, W.A. Rodgers, J. A. Rodrigues 
de Paiva, M. Romeril, W. Rossi, J.H. Rumely, H. 
Runemark, J. Rzedowski, M.-H. Sachet, M.S. Khan, 
M.J.S. Sands, C. Sargent, A.R.K. Sastry, M. 
Scannell, J. Van Scheepen, C. Scheepers, P.M. 
Schlegel, M. Schmid, J. Schwegman, J.W. Scott, P. 
Scott, K. Scriven, R.R. Sears, K. Segnestam, J. 
Seyani, K.H. Sheikh, G. Sheppard, T. Shimizu, A. 
Shmida, G. Sfikas, S. Siwatibau, P. Skobeme, L.E. 
Skog, A.C. Smith, L.B. Smith, W.A. Smith, T. 
Smitinand, B.E. Smythies, S. Snogerup, J.C. 
Solomon, G.V. Somner, B.A. Sorrie, M. Soto, R. 
Spichiger, W.T. Steam, W.D. Stevens, D.W. 
Stevenson, J. Stewart, J. Steyermark, C. Stirton, 
A.L. Stoffers, W.A. Strahm, H.E. Strang, A. Strid, 
A.M. Studart da Fonseca Vaz, T.F. Stuessy, H.-J. 
Su, A. Sugden, H. Sukopp, J. Sultana, J. Suominen, 
J.D. Supthut, D. Sutton, W.R. Sykes, W. Tai, A.L. 
Takhtajan, E. Tanner, N.P. Taylor, Y. Te-Tsun, J. P. 
Theurillat, P. Thomas, A.D. Thompson, G. Thor, D. 
Van Tien, V.N. Tikhomirov, V.M. Toledo, C.C. 
Townsend, H. Trass, G. Traxler, G. Troupin, C. 
Tyndeman, N.W. Uhl, P. Uotila, B. Valdes, T. 
Vasconcelos, B. Verdcourt, C. Villamil, D.E. Viney, 
K. Vollesen, A.P. Vovides, S. Vuokko, M. Wadhwa, 
F.H. Wadsworth, W.H. Wagner, W.L. Wagner, S. 
Wahlberg, M.G. Walters, S.M. Walters, D.C. 
Wasshausen, D.A. Webb, L. Webb, E.J. Weeda, E. 
Weinert, O. Weiskirchner, D.W. Weller, T. Wendt, H. 
Van der Werff, M. Werkhoven, W.A. Whistler, F. 
White, T.C. Whitmore, G.E. Wickens, S.R. Wilbur, 
R.T. Winterbottom, J.R.I. Wood, K. Woolliams, T. 
Wraber, A. Wunschmann, J.J. Wurdack, P. Wyse 
Jackson, F. Yaltirik, J. Zaffran, T. Zanoni, E. 
Zardini, J.L. Zarruchi, C. Zimmer, A. Zimmermann, 
E.M. van Zinderen Bakker, and G. Zizka. 

The many staff of the Threatened Plants Unit 
(TPU) over the years are especially to be thanked for 
their work in data gathering, validation, and 
manipulation. They include Ronald Melville, Hugh 
Synge, Sara Oldfield, Christine Leon, Stephen 



Davis, Charlie Jarvis, Jana Zantovska, Stephen 
Droop, Robert Madams, and Vernon Heywood. 
Special thanks also go to Jane Villa-Lobos of the 
Latin American Plants Program at the Smithsonian 
Institution, and Olga Herrera-MacBryde, who have 
tirelessly gathered and reviewed conservation data 
for Mexico, Central and South America. 

Special mention needs to be made of the three 
organisations that generously made their national 
data sets available in electronic format: 

The Nature Conservancy (TNC), USA, provided 
data on approximately 1 1 ,000 plants for the United 
States, Canada, and Latin America, representing the 
largest single data contribution to this list. This data 
exchange has involved a great deal of effort on the 
part oi TNC's Lynn S. Kutner, Larry E. Morse, 
Shirley Keel, and Bruce Stein, as well as the 
members of the Natural Heritage and Conservation 
Data Center Network, the Association for 
Biodiversity Information, and John T. Kartesz of the 
North Carolina Botanical Garden. Sincere thanks 
are due to them all for their work in providing this 
important Western Hemisphere data set to this 
project. 

Wildlife Australia supplied data on approxi- 
mately 5,000 plant taxa native to Australia. The data 
were compiled for Rare or Threatened Australian 
Plants, the fourth revision of which was compiled in 
1995 and published the following year (Briggs and 
Leigh, 1996). That revision gathered the knowledge 
of specialists in all states and territories of Australia 
as well as some overseas workers. Special thanks 
are due to John Briggs, John Leigh, and Lyn 
Meredith for their assistance in making this valuable 
information available in electronic format. 

The National Botanical Institute (NBI), South 
Africa, provided data on approximately 3,435 
threatened plant taxa which occur in southern Africa 
(the area including Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, 
Lesotho, and South Africa). This information was 
obtained as part of a collaborative project on 
threatened plants in southern Africa co-ordinated by 
Craig Hilton-Taylor, the initial results of which 
were recently published as the Red Data List of 
Southern African Plants (Hilton-Taylor, 1996). A 
large number of professional and amateur botanists 
contributed to this project and they are fully 
acknowledged in the above publication. The 
following people, however, deserve special mention 
because of the pivotal role they played in providing 
data and helping to check all the information 
received: Tania Anderson, Wayne Boyd, Kate 
Braun, Patricia Craven, Johann du Preez, Craig 
Hilton-Taylor, Gillian Maggs, Pete Phillipson, 



Ruida Pool, Rob Scott-Shaw, Marianne Strohbach, 
and Sumitra Talukdar. Sincere thanks are also due 
to Tony Hail, Steve Fourie, Dave Everard, and their 
co-workers for laying the impressive foundations on 
which most of the threatened plants work in 
southern Africa is based. 

Although many botanic gardens and herbaria 
around the world have made substantial 
contributions to the information in this List, several 
(including their library staff) deserve special 
mention - the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, the 
National Museum of Natural History of the 
Smithsonian Institution, the Natural History 
Museum (UK), the Royal Botanic Garden 
Edinburgh, The New York Botanical Garden, 
Missouri Botanical Garden, and the Arnold 
Arboretum of Harvard University. The Royal 
Botanic Garden Edinburgh has played a crucial role 
in the completion of this book by allowing one of the 
editors (KSW) to continue work on it after he left 
WCMC in 1993. 

For a period of several years in the 1980s, the 
lUCN/WWF Plant Advisory Group (PAG) met 
regularly and provided vital advice and guidance on 
plant conservation issues. PAG members included 
Laurent Ake Assi, Peter S. Ashton, Robert Boden, 
Enrique Forero, Arturo Gomez-Pompa, Ole 
Hamann, He Shan An, Kuswata Kartawinata, T.N. 
KJioshoo, Naiiuza Luiza da Menezes, Ghillean T. 
Prance, Pierre Quezel, Voara Randrianasolo, Peter 
Raven, Richard Schultes, Armen Takhtajan, Eddy 
van der Maarel, and Wang Xian-pu. 

Thanks are given to Wendy Strahm, the current 
lUCN Plants Officer, and her predecessors, along 
with the Chairs and many members of SSC plant 
Specialist Groups throughout the world who have 
played a key role in collating and checking data, 
including; Conifers (Aljos Farjon and Chris Page), 
Cacti and Succulents (Ted Anderson, David Hunt, 
Sara Oldfield and Nigel Taylor), Cycads (Cynthia 
Giddy and Dennis Stevenson), Europe (Klaus 
Ammann), Ferns (Clive Jermy), Mediterranean 
Islands (Bertrand de Montmollin), North America 
(Robert Mohlenbrock), Orchids (Eric Hagsater), 
Palms (Michael Balick, John Dransfield and Dennis 
Johnson), South America (Enrique Forero and 
Carlos Villamil), and Temperate Broadleaved Trees 
(David Hunt). These groups have been responsible 
for drawing up and annotating a great many lists 
over the years. 

Credit is given to the people involved with 
establishing and managing the Threatened Plants 



Database as well as to those responsible for entering, 
editing, and managing its ever-expanding data 
holdings. The database was originally established 
under Grenville Lucas of the Royal Botanic 
Gardens, Kew, and implemented and managed for 
many years by Hugh Synge, followed by Chris 
Leon. Thanks are due to those who were most 
involved in developing the early databases used to 
track the information shown in this book - Duncan 
Mackinder, Nick Phillips, Eddie Wymer, Pete 
Rooney, Mike Crosby, Jeremy Harrison, Al Blake, 
and Steve Luckcock. In addition to these people, 
Robert Jenkins, Keith Carr, and Larry Morse of The 
Nature Conservancy and Ian Barnes and Duncan 
Bennett of WCMC played an indirect but pivotal 
role in the further development of the current 
Threatened Plants Database by Kerry Walter, who 
headed WCMC's plant activities fi-om 1991-1993, 
followed by Harriet Gillett. 

Manual data entry has been undertaken by too 
many people to list comprehensively. However, 
WCMC staff involved in recent years include Pete 
Atkinson, Kevin Burgess, Rob Cubey, Karen 
Headley, Neil Jenking, David Kirk, Beverley Lewis, 
Jim Lucas, Sarah Skinner, Maria Toal, Jon White, 
and volunteers Loma Hall and Peter Richardson. 
Charlotte Jenkins, Sara Oldfield and Amy 
Mackinven, working on a WCMC/SSC project on 
the Conservation and Sustainable Management of 
Trees, have also been involved with updating tree 
data. The contributions of former TPU staff 
members, while less recent than those listed above, 
are no less appreciated or important - Katherine 
Barnes, Margaret Beyer, Penny Croucher, Jane 
Flood, Deb Goodenough, Patrick Gregerson, Louise 
Henson, Erica Kiess, Heather Macleod, Vicki 
Morgan, Noel McGough, Nicky Powell, Judy 
Sheppard, Rosemary Simpson and Winifred Worth. 

As any database manager will know, the process 
of checking data can appear to produce as many 
problems as it solves, and a special mention is due to 
Johanna Sidey, Donna Smith, and Simon Reeve for 
bearing the onerous burden of cleaning up the data 
following the electronic data merges prior to 
publication, and still managing a smile at the end of 
the day! 

Thanks are due to Tim Johnson and Simon Stuart 
who provided management support. Steven 
Mugeridge, Julie Reay and Rose Warwick provided 
invaluable technical and administrative assistance. 
Over the years useful discussions have taken place 
with many colleagues within lUCN and WCMC, 
including Mark Collins, Mary Cordiner, Brian 



Groombridge, Martin Jenkins, Jeremy Harrison, Jo 
Taylor, Sue Wells, and Lissie Wright. RBGE staff 
Rob Cubey and Martin Pullan provided assistance 
with data transfers. 

External financial support for the Threatened 
Plants Database and its outputs has come from a 
range of sources either as direct funding or as 
indirect support for a range of WCMC projects and 
programmes and is hereby gratefully acknow- 
ledged: CITES Secretariat; Council of Europe; 
Darwin Initiative for the Survival of Species; 
European Economic Community; International 
Tropical Timber Organisation (ITTO); lUCN - The 
World Conservation Union; Government of the 
Netherlands; National Museum of Natural History, 
Smithsonian Institution; U.K. Natural 
Environment Research Council (NERC) on behalf 
of the European Research Councils, co-ordinated 
through the European Science Foundation; United 
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) under 
their Global Environment Monitoring System 



(GEMS); World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF); 
and WWF-US. 

The New York Botanical Garden has generously 
supported this project by publicising and 
distributing this book to its network. Although they 
have not been involved as an institution in the 
compilation and production of this Red List, their 
researchers have long been contributors to the 
database, and they recognise the importance of 
publishing this first edition of the Red List. 

Finally we would like to thank both friends and 
families for their tolerance and support, particularly 
over the final months of preparation: Martin 
Gardner, Sabina Knees, Mike O'Neal, and Phil, Eli 
and Ned Trathan. 

Kerry S. Walter 

Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 

Harriet J. Gillett 

World Conservation Monitoring Centre 

September. 1997 



Acronyms 



ANZECC Australia and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council 

BCIS Biodiversity Conservation Information System 

BRU Biological Recording Unit (also known as Basic Recording Unit) 

CDC Conservation Data Centers 

CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora 

ISO International Standards Organisation 

lUCN The World Conservation Union 

NBI National Botanical Institute 

NHCD Natural Heritage Central Database 

NHP National Heritage Program 

NYBG New York Botanical Garden 

ROTAP Rare or Threatened Australian Plants 

SSC Species Survival Commission 

TDWG International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases for Plant Sciences 

TNC The Nature Conservancy 

TPU Threatened Plants Unit 

UNDP United Nations Development Programme 

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme 

WCMC World Conservation Monitoring Centre 

WWF World Wide Fund For Nature 



Introduction 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
represents a milestone in the history of Red Data 
books and lists, providing, as it does, the first-ever 
published list of vascular plants (ferns and fern 
allies, gymnosperms including conifers and cycads, 
and flowering plants) recorded as globally Rare, 
Vulnerable, Endangered or Extinct. The current 
volume lists 33,798 species (see species counts, 
p.xxvi) as threatened. Compared to an estimated 
global flora of 270,000 species this results in the 
grim statistic that over 12.5% of the world's 
vascular flora is threatened at the global scale 
(Figure 1 ). These threatened plants are to be found 
in 369 families, scattered throughout 200 countries. 




Threatened 

Not threatened or uncoded 



Figure 1. Percentage of the world's vascular 
plant species threatened at a global scale. 

It must be stressed that although over 12.5% of 
the world's flora has now been identified as globally 
threatened, this is just the tip of the iceberg for 
several reasons. Despite data drawn from thousands 
of sources, much information is still lacking, due to 
gaps in either taxonomic knowledge or on-the- 
ground fieldwork. Secondly, information was often 
only available to indicate that a species was 
threatened in part of its range. Although suspected 
to merit listing as globally threatened, these species 
were not included in this list as the distribution data 
were incomplete and therefore did not satisfy the 
strict conditions for listing (see "Interpreting and 
assigning the global threat status", p. xxiii). Finally, 
data presented here are assessed at the species, 
subspecies, or varietal level. When the unit being 
assessed is the population within a species or the 
genetic erosion within these species and 
populations, the conservation situation becomes 
much worse (Gaston, 1996; Harper & Hawksworth, 



1994). This concern about genetic erosion and 
diminishing genetic diversity at the population level 
is particularly important in the areas of plant genetic 
resources and wild relatives of cultivated plants 
(Falk & Holsinger, 1991; Falke/a/. 1996; Frankele/ 
al 1995;Heywood, 1995). 

The major message of this global compilation is 
that the number of threatened plant species that we 
know of is enormous, but as more information 
becomes available, the situation will be shown to be 
even worse; thus increased conservation action for 
plants is desperately needed. We hope that this list 
will help governments, non-government organi- 
sations, and individuals to understand better the 
scale and urgency of the problems surrounding 
threats to plants on a global scale, and use this 
information to promote and guide actions to 
conserve plant biodiversity in all of its incredible 
richness. 

This Red List is the result of years of data 
collection by researchers throughout the world and 
provides a unique overview of the conservation 
status of the world's vascular plants, following the 
pre- 1994 lUCN Red List Categories (Appendix I). 
It has been compiled by the World Conservation 
Monitoring Centre (WCMC) in close collaboration 
with the many partners noted in the acknow- 
ledgements, and was generated directly from the 
Threatened Plants Database on 22 May, 1997. The 
database underlying this list continues to be updated 
on a daily basis and we remain as eager as ever to 
receive comments and additional information on 
any aspect of this book. 

Purpose 

International lUCN Red Data Books were 
conceived by Peter Scott in 1963 as 'a register of 
threatened wildlife that includes definitions of 
degrees of threat ' (Scott et al, 1987). This concept 
generated enormous interest throughout the world, 
demonstrated by the production of many national 
Red Books and Lists for a wide range of plant and 
animal taxa. However, unlike Red Data Books, Red 
Data Lists lack detailed information for each 
species, providing instead a summary view. Five 
lUCN Red Lists of Threatened Animals have been 
compiled by WCMC in the past decade (lUCN, 
1996), the most recent listing all globally threatened 
birds and mammals, plus some reptiles, fish. 



amphibians, and invertebrates. The task of 
publishing a list of the world's threatened vascular 
plants - containing more than six times the number 
of species as in the 1996 lUCN Red List of 
Threatened Animals - proved to be such a major 
challenge that it is only now being achieved for the 
first time. However as more and more work is being 
undertaken on threatened plants, and as more 
accurate and detailed information is generated, we 
hope that the publication of revised and much 
improved volumes will become standard practice. 

Red Lists serve a wide variety of purposes. In 
''The reasons for Red Data Books", Collar (1996) 
gives a comprehensive account of ethical, 
economical, educational, practical and instimtional 
reasons for the production of International Red Lists 
in particular. Based on the assumptions that species 
are the principal unit of concern, and that priorities 
are to be determined based on their level of threat, 
then five issues are important: 

Priority setting 

To help identify key regions and taxonomic groups 
for targeted funding and concerted public policy. 

Comprehensiveness 

To provide a comprehensive primary source of data, 
based on scientific expertise, laying the foundation 
for biodiversity databases and repatriation of data. 

Objectivity 

To produce a work based on a global standard of 
threat assessment, thereby placing evidence of the 
conservation status of vascular flora in the public 
domain. 

Motivation 

To motivate people to participate in conservation 
networks, actions, and educational programmes. 

Monitoring 

To provide a baseline for the measurement of 
conservation progress (or further deterioration). 

Many of the ecosystem approaches to 
conservation rely on the concept of indicator species 
or flagship species. This list does not provide details 
on what these species should be, but does provide a 
major argument for making decisions about which 
species are likely to be in greatest need of 
conservation activity, and where in the world they 
occur. 

As Collar (1996) comments: "Red Data Books 
are (seemingly) big and slow to grow and expensive 
to keep going: but so are rhinos, so are pandas, so 
are condors. Those who expect the discipline of 
biodiversity priority-setting to be satisfied by 



short-term on-site consultancies involving the 
scanning of forest-cover maps and protected-area 
species inventories may well think of Red Data 
Books as dinosaurs that have had their day. Those 
who recognise the multitude of benefits that steadily 
accrue ft-om focused and painstaking data assembly 
and analysis will appreciate Red Data Books as the 
unspectacular but indispensable root system from 
which true judgement and real conservation can 
grow. " 

It is our sincere hope that this list of globally 
threatened plants will serve as that root system and 
also that it will be taken for no more or no less than it 
is - a first attempt at summarising the conservation 
status on a global level of some of the most 
important organisms on Earth. Together with other 
major data compilations such as: Global 
Biodiversity: Status of the Earth 's Living Resources 
(Groombridge, 1992), Global Biodiversity 
Assessment (Heywood, 1995) and Centres of Plant 
Diversity, A Guide and Strategy for their 
Conservation (WWF & lUCN, 1994-1997), the 
1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants will help 
provide the information needed to support the global 
plant conservation information needs outlined in 
Caring for the Earth. A Strategy for Sustainable 
i/v;>;g(lUCN/UNEP/WWF, 1991) and The Botanic 
Gardens Conservation Strategy (lUCN/BGCS, 
1989). 

History of the threatened plants 
list 

This list of threatened plants has a long history. 
Work began in the late 1960s, when Sir Peter Scott, 
then Chairman of the lUCN Species Survival 
Commission (SSC), invited Ronald Melville, a 
retired botanist at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 
to compile a Red Data Book on Angiosperms to 
match the famous loose-leaf books on threatened 
animal groups. By 1971, Melville had been able to 
publish two sets of loose-leaf sheets covering 1 18 
plants in all. But, as a resuh of the work, he had 
come up with the prediction - startling at the time - 
that 20,000 flowering plant species could be in 
danger. The prediction galvanised the SSC to 
consider how to cover plants and to realise that a 
Red Data Book, with pages on each threatened 
species, would not be practical. 

In 1973 Jack Heslop-Harrison, then Director of 
Kew, agreed that the work would be carried forward 
as a joint project of Kew and lUCN. The SSC 
Threatened Plants Committee was created, and Gren 



Lucas was appointed to run the programme with 
Hugh Synge as Research Assistant, funded by the 
World Wildlife Fund (WWF). The first project was 
to prepare a list of threatened plants of Europe for 
the Council of Europe. Involving hundreds of 
taxonomic experts, this list was published in 1977, 
covering some 2,000 threatened species, and was the 
first continent-wide list of its kind to be produced. 
In the following year. The lUCN Plant Red Data 
Book was published (Lucas & Synge. 1978) using 
these and other data. This book provided details on 
the conservation status of 250 species of plants - 1 % 
of the then estimated 25,000 threatened species - 
chosen to represent the types of threats facing plants, 
as well as to highlight at least some plants from 
virtually all parts of the globe. As hoped, this book 
stimulated many other countries to produce their 
own Red Data books. The booklet How to use the 
lUCN Red Data Categories, produced by the 
Threatened Plants Committee Secretariat (1981) 
provided valuable guidance in applying the 
Categories. 

During the 1980s, the work of the renamed 
Threatened Plants Unit (TPU) expanded, and the 
team reached over 10 staff at its peak. During this 
period many TPU staff developed excellent contacts 
in their designated geographic area, a model that 
proved particularly successful. During this time 
TPU produced its Threatened Plants Newsletter, 
sending it to nearly 5,000 people world-wide. In late 
1979 arrangements were made for the Smithsonian 
Institution to gather data on threatened plants in 
Latin America, and Jane Villa-Lobos was appointed 
to carry out the work. From her office nearly 160 
issues of the Biological Conservation Newsletter 
have been produced. In addition to being widely 
distributed throughout the world and now available 
on the Internet, this newsletter has supplied a great 
many data sources for the Threatened Plants 
Database. 

This work spawned a range of major initiatives 
supporting in situ and ex situ plant conservation. 
Most significant was the joint lUCNAVWF Plants 
Conservation Programme, which ran from 1984 to 
1990. The early work in cataloguing which 
threatened plants in the database were being grown 
in botanic gardens led in 1987 to the creation of the 
Botanic Gardens Conservation Secretariat, later 
renamed Botanic Gardens Conservation Inter- 
national (BGCI), now an extremely effective 
organisation in its own right, linking more than 500 
botanic gardens in the world that provide vital 
support to ex situ conservation. The need to track 
literature references led to the building of the 



foremost bibliographic database on plant 
conservation, much of which was published in the 
World Plant Conservation Bibliography (Anon, 
1 990), and available as part of the Threatened Plants 
Database on which this list is based. 

Part of TPU's message in the 1970s and the 1980s 
was that each country should prepare its own Plant 
Red Data Book as the best way of assembling 
information and stimulating action, particularly for 
in situ plant conservation. This approach proved 
very successftil and many countries in the developed 
world have now prepared such works. The Unit's 
book Plants in Danger: What Do We Know? (Davis 
et al, 1986) summarised the state of knowledge 
about plant conservation issues country-by-country 
and showed what had been achieved. 

In 1990, the Threatened Plants Unit moved from 
Kew to WCMC in Cambridge. At the same time, all 
the data were transferred to a different database 
system (BG-BASE, described in Appendix II), from 
which this list is directly produced. However, many 
of the entries on the list presented here are direct 
electronic descendants of the original index cards 
and hand-written species sheets gathered since the 
late 1960s. WCMC now maintains the Threatened 
Plants Database, with information continuing to be 
provided by a global network of botanists and 
institutions, and increasingly in electronic form. 

Data coverage and quality 

This Red List includes records for 33,798 threatened 
or extinct species - roughly 12.5% of the world's 
total vascular plants - threatened on a global level. 
Despite this large figure, a data set such as this will 
always be incomplete, and the quality of data will 
vary considerably depending upon the region and 
taxonomic group under consideration. We can say 
with some confidence that data for North America, 
Australia, South Africa and Europe should prove to 
be reasonably robust. In addition several taxonomic 
groups (e.g. ferns, conifers, cycads, palms, cacti) 
have received particular attention and should 
provide a reasonably accurate picture. 

We are aware that data, in particular for many 
parts of Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and South 
America, are either patchy or lacking. This is true 
for both taxonomic as well as conservation data, as 
confirmed by a recent gap analysis study on the 
availability of botanical information for biodiversity 
conservation (Olson et al., 1996). We therefore 
apologise for the gaps in the current list. However, 
by emphasising these areas of data deficiency we 



hope that concerted efforts will be made in the near 
future to fill in these gaps to better understand the 
conservation status of plants in these biologically 
rich areas. However to do this we need stronger 
plant specialist networks and better ways of 
managing this massive amount of data. These will 
be developed under the Biodiversity Conservation 
Information System (BCIS) (see Global Red Lists - 
where next, p. xlvii). 

Information provided in this Red List represents 
only a subset of the data held in the Threatened 



Plants Database at WCMC. Particularly relevant 
additional data, not published here, include 
synonyms, common names, habit (tree, shrub, etc.), 
use, presence in protected areas and presence in 
cultivation (information maintained by Botanic 
Gardens Conservation International, a copy of 
which is periodically merged with the Threatened 
Plants Database). 



Organisation of information 



The Red List is arranged by major taxa as seen in 
Table 1: fern allies, true ferns, gymnosperms 
(gnetophytes, conifers, Ginkgo, and cycads), and 
angiosperms (dicotyledons and monocotyledons). 
Within each of these major taxa, families and their 
respective genera and species are listed alpha- 
betically. Following the taxonomic data list is a list 
of all relevant data sources, arranged numerically, 
and finally an index to the genera, families, and 
major taxa is included. For each family statistics are 
provided on the total number of genera, species and 
threatened taxa. 

Table 1 

Major taxa included in this Red List 



Fern allies 


Lycopodiopsida 


True ferns 


Pteridopsida 


Gymnosperms 


Gnetopsida 
(gnetophytes) 

Pinopsida (conifers), 

Ginkopsida (Ginkgo) 

Cycadopsida (cycads) 


Angiosperms 


Magnoliopsida 
(dicotyledons) 

Liliopsida 
(monocotyledons) 



This list is a global catalogue of those vascular 
plant taxa that have been assessed in some degree, 
and fall within the pre- 1994 lUCN categories as 
globally threatened or extinct. Interpretation of the 
list and summary tables requires an understanding of 
the process involved in drawing up the list, an 
appreciation of how comprehensive the data may or 
may not be (especially where the gaps occur), and 
knowledge of how the data are managed. Each of 
these topics is taken up below. 

Names 

Managing the taxonomy of a global dataset at the 
species and infraspecific level, with data provided 
from diverse sources over a period of more than two 
decades, presents many problems. The aim in 
managing the Threatened Plants Database has been 
to maintain a reasonably coherent taxonomy, 
sufficiently accurate for the purposes of plant 
conservation, within existing funding and time 



constraints rather than a totally rigorous taxonomic 
check list. This lack of complete taxonomic and 
nomenclatural rigour will undoubtedly upset some 
readers, and it will result in some taxa either not 
being listed under their correct name, or listed under 
more than one name. Ensuring input from the 
relevant taxonomic experts is a major part of the 
work involved in managing the data and further 
advice on taxonomy is always welcome. 

Where available, regional floras (particularly 
Flora Europaea, Flora Mesoamericana and Flora 
Neotropica) have been followed in preference to 
national floras. All plant name records imported 
electronically from TNC, Wildlife Australia, NBI 
and Flora Europaea were treated as taxonomicaily 
accepted (see Appendix II, Taxon information). 

Despite the clear preference for following these 
regional authorities, plant names have of necessity 
been incorporated from an extensive range of 
sources, ail of which are listed in the DATA SOURCES 
section following the main list. The data source(s) 
provided after each name is the source from which 
the particular plant name was first recorded in the 
database. No attempt has been made to list the 
original publication of the name. 

Although the database allows users to track 
multiple common names (vernacular names, trade 
names, timber names, etc.) in different languages, 
these common names have been excluded from this 
list due to lack of space. 

Genera and families follow Vascular Plant 
Families and Genera (Brummitt, 1992). 

Synonyms 

Records considered to be synonyms are linked to the 
accepted name in the database, and have been 
suppressed from this list. Inevitably, some names 
not yet recorded on the database as synonyms will 
have been included in this list, so a taxon may, 
unfortunately, be included under more than one 
name. 

Authors 

Authors of plant names - at both the species and 
infraspecific level - have been incorporated 
according to the source from which the name was 
obtained. Where possible, authors names have been 



standardised according to Brummitt & Powell 
(1992). Please note, however, that due to limitations 
of time and staff resources, an author may well be 
cited in disparate ways throughout this list, and 
some authors are missing. 

Species vs. infraspecies 

Plant names are recorded at the taxonomic level at 
which they are provided to WCMC, with data on 
subspecies or varieties held in addition to 
information at the species level. For example, 
Wendlandiella gracilis Dammer, W. gracilis 
Dammer var. gracilis, W. gracilis Dammer var. 
polyclada (Burret) Henderson, and W. gracilis 
Dammer var. simplicifrons (Burret) Henderson are 
all to be found on this list, as some information has 
come at the species level and other information at 
the infraspecific level. This of necessity complicates 
the list and occasionally results in inconsistent data 
sets, but we felt it best to present the data in a way 
that most closely represented the information 
provided to us. The taxonomic counts, both in the 
Red List itself and the data summary in this 
introduction, are for species (see p. xxvi). 

Although this book covers only vascular plants, 
much work has been undertaken on non-vascular 
plants and fungi. All relevant data on nonvascular 
plants and on fungi available to WCMC have been 
omitted from this publication although have been 
incorporated into the Threatened Plants Database. 
The^e is a clear need to include global listings for 
these groups in future Red Lists. 

Conservation Status 

Data on conservation status are presented in this list 
following the pre- 1994 lUCN threat categories 
(Appendix I). These categories have been widely 
applied to thousands of taxa of plants and animals, 
referring to the conservation status of an organism in 
the wild. 

The current list, using the pre- 1994 lUCN 
Categories, is important as a baseline for future 
work, even as various groups of specialists are 
beginning to re-code plants using the 1994 lUCN 
Categories. 

The lUCN Red List Categories system was 
revised in 1994 to incorporate quantitative criteria 
for each Category. These criteria can be consistently 
applied across all ta.\a, thus allowing meaningful 
comparisons of threat between species in different 
orders. The 1994 Red List Categories will be used in 



future listings. Details of the pre- 1994 and 1994 
lUCN Red List Categories are given in Appendix I. 

Finally, please note that as this list uses the 
pre-1994 system, not all "Endangered", 
"'Vulnerable" or "Rare" Categories are comparable 
between plant taxa. Given the huge variation in 
population dynamics, breeding strategies and life 
cycles exhibited by vascular plants - fi^om a sedge to 
a monkey-puzzle tree - this is not surprising, but it 
must not be ignored by those trying to make global 
comparisons based on the statistics and information 
provided in this Red List. 

Sources of conservation status data 

Data are presented in this list for both local (national 
and subnational) and global status. Data on national 
conservation status have been provided by a wide 
range of organisations and individuals throughout 
the world, with data sets relating to either a 
geographical area or a taxonomic group. Major 
sources have been national Red Data books or lists 
that have been produced by countries throughout the 
world. Data have also been provided by SSC 
Specialist Groups. In addition, a great deal of 
information has been supplied by individual 
botanists and conservationists. Often these workers 
have provided updated information or completely 
new information about taxa of conservation 
concern, and we hope to bring them into the SSC 
network. 

A major portion of the list comes from electronic 
data sets from The Nature Conservancy (TNG), 
Wildlife Australia, National Botanical Institute 
(NBI), and Flora Europaea. This list therefore 
represents a mixture of various 'official' status 
reports as well as individual opinion; by referring to 
the data source it is possible to determine the source 
of virtually all data in this list. 

WCMC's role is essentially one of compiling the 
outputs of these distributed data sets, and assigning 
global threat categories based on the collective local 
threat status information. WCMC makes no value 
judgement during the process, other than validating, 
as far as possible, the source of the supplied national 
threat status data. 

Interpreting threat status 

In many cases, national/subnational threat status is 
given in published national Red Data books or lists, 
with threat status given according to lUCN 
Categories. Where different schemes have been 
followed, every effort has been made by WCMC to 



assign the appropriate lUCN threat category based 
on the definitions given by the data providers (see 
Appendix III). Where electronic data sets are 
concerned, detailed discussions have been held prior 
to the data being merged into the global database. 
Although the constraints of space in this volume 
prevent the display of these "non-IUCN" threat 
categories, they are maintained in the database. 

Interpreting and assigning the global 
threat status 

The global threat status recorded for each taxon in 
the Threatened Plants Database is assigned at 
WCMC on the basis of the combined national/ 
subnational data. For a taxon to be listed as globally 
threatened, information is needed on the local threat 
status throughout its natural range. Global threat 
status is assigned only once the flill distribution for 
the taxon in question is known. A "lowest common 
denominator" approach is followed meaning, for 
example, that a species listed as Rare within part of its 
range but Endangered throughout the rest of its range, 
will be listed as Rare globally. A species listed as 
Endangered globally will be either Endangered or 
Extinct throughout its range, and so on. 

Many taxa have had to be omitted from this Red 
List due to insufficient information on distribution 
and/or status, despite being listed as threatened at 
the national level in one or more countries. These 
records are available in the Threatened Plants 
Database, and it is hoped that these data, 
representing information for over 14,000 more taxa, 
will be evaluated in the future. 

Exceptions to assigning the global 
threat status 

In some instances data provided to WCMC have 
given global rather than, or in addition to, national/ 
subnational threat status. This is particularly true for 
large data sets that have been provided elec- 
tronically, notably from The Nature Conservancy 
(data sources 20850 and 20883) and Wildlife 
Australia (data source 2068 1 ). If global but not local 
threat status has been provided, a local rank of 
Indeterminate has been assigned by WCMC. 

CITES listing 

The Threatened Plants Database includes data 
concerning all taxa listed on CITES (Convention on 
International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna 
and Flora) Appendices I and II current as of the ninth 



meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES 
(WCMC, 1996). Two species, Orothamus zeyheri 
and Protea odorata, were downlisted from 
Appendix I to Appendix II at the 1997 tenth 
Conference of the Parties. CITES listing is at the 
level of species, genus or family, and records on the 
database are flagged at the appropriate taxonomic 
level. They are displayed in this list as indicated in 
the following table. 

Table 2 

Taxonomic levels of CITES listings 

displayed in this Red List 



Family 


I or II (underlined) 


Genus 


/ or // (italicised) 


Species or infraspecies 


I or II (normal type) 



Note that not all taxa within genera and families 
that have blanket listings under CITES are shown in 
this list. Only those taxa that have been assessed and 
found to be threatened throughout their range are 
included. 

Distribution 

Distribution information is recorded following the 
standard of Biological Recording Unit (BRU) 
(Hollis & Brummitt, 1992), endorsed as an 
international data standard by the Taxonomic 
Database Working Group. This standard provides a 
four-tier hierarchical scheme, ranging from 
near-continents (level 1) to larger countries and 
islands being subdivided into geopolitical areas 
(level 4). Wherever possible, we have tried to 
record distributional data at "level 4", although in 
some cases data has had to be recorded at a higher 
level (for example, as "Indonesia" rather than 
"Kalimantan"). In total, the 238 countries 
recognised by ISO (ISO, 1993) are divided into 
1004 BRUs at these four levels (see Table 3). 

Data are recorded at the finest scale possible 
within the BRU scheme. For example, if data are 
provided on the threat status of a plant within 
individual states of Mexico, then this is the scale at 
which the data are recorded in the database. 
However, if data are only provided for a particular 
plant in Mexico as a whole, then the data can only be 
recorded in the database at the national level. This 
unavoidably leads to some inconsistencies and data 
sets that are not directly comparable, but as 
discussed under 'Species vs. infraspecies' above, we 



feel that it is important to present the data with the 
most detail possible. 

Since BRUs are geopolitically based, they do not 
cross national boundaries. All BRU units are linked 
to the appropriate ISO country code, allowing 
country-level queries to be made even though the 
data are often stored at a lower level. Some 
modifications have been made at WCMC to the 



BRU scheme to take into account political changes 
since the standard was published. 

There is also a free-text "geographic qualifier" 
available in the database, which appears in this list 
as bracketed information following the name of the 
BRU. This qualifier provides additional inform- 
ation about the distribution of the taxon within the 
BRU - for example, a mountain range. Please note 



Table 3 

BRUs (Biological Recording Units)^ 



Level 1 Areas 


Level 4 Areas 


Europe 


55 areas in 42 countries^ of which 7 are subdivided: Greece (2), Italy (3), 
Spain (2), Russia (6), Ukraine (2) , France (2), and the United Kingdom (3). 


Africa 


76 areas in 59 countries, of which 1 1 are subdivided: Angola (2), Equatorial 
Guinea (3), Mauritius (2), Namibia (2), Portugal (3), Reunion (2), Seychelles 
(2), St Helena (2), Sao Tom^ and Principe (2), South Africa (5), and Spain (3). 


Asia - Temperate 


90 areas in 35 countries, of which 6 are subdivided: China (27), Japan (2), 
Taiwan (3), Yemen (2), Georgia (4), and Russia (23). 


Asia - Tropical 


70 areas in 24 countries, of which 4 are subdivided: India (37), Indonesia (8), 
Malaysia (3), and Papua New Guinea (2). 


Australasia 


17 areas in 2 countries, both of which are subdivided: Australia (12) and New 
Zealand (5). 


Pacific 


40 areas in 26 countries, of which 6 are subdivided: Cook Islands (2), French 
Polynesia (4), Japan (3), Kiribati (3), Solomon Islands (2), and US islands (6). 


Northern America 


99 areas in 5 countries, of which 3 are subdivided: Canada (15), Mexico (30), 
and the United States (52). 


Southern America 


127 areas in 47 countries, of which 13 are subdivided: Argentina (23), Brazil 
(29), Chile (16), Colombia (3), Costa Rica (2), Ecuador (2), Guadaloupe (2), 
Honduras (2), Mexico (5), Nicaragua (2), Puerto Rico (2), Venezuela (3) and 
Netherlands Antilles (2). 


Antarctic 


12 areas in 8 countries, of which 2 are subdivided: Falkland Islands (3), and 
French Southern Territories (3). 



' Hollis, S. and Brummitt, R.K. (1992). 
ISO Standard 3166 is used by Hollis and Brummitt to define political countries. The units in the ISO standard are 
countries, dependencies and other areas of special interest for purposes of international exchange, without 
indicating any expression of opinion whatever concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its 
authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. 



that this information is in many cases not 
comprehensive, and is not always from the BRU 
data source listed. 

Data sources 

A critically important feature of the Threatened 
Plants Database is the linkage maintained between 
many data fields and their data sources. 
Considerable effort is made to ensure that the source 
of plant names, distribution and conservation status 
is tracked, ensuring that credit is given to the 
primary sources of data and that users can judge the 
validity of the data provided. A complete list of all 
the data sources used in the production of this Red 
List is included following the main list. Here over 
2,000 of the 1 9,067 records in the data source file are 
listed, approximately 10,000 of which were 
published in the World Plant Conservation 
Bibliography (Know, 1990). 

The list of DATA SOURCES demonstrates the wide 
variety of sources of information drawn upon by 
WCMC in the development of the Threatened Plants 
Database. These include official Red Data Books, 
published floras and monographs, journal articles, 
electronic lists, annotations made by specialists to 
WCMC printouts, and personal communications. 
Please note that some of the information in this list 
dates from data sources that are 10-15 years old, and 



updates to these particular records are clearly 
desirable. In this publication muhiple data sources 
for the name are sometimes shown, thus allowing 
users to track multiple and/or conflicting data. 
However we have listed only one conservation 
status as the primary or current view, and have 
displayed the data that seem most appropriate. 

The current practice while entering data into the 
database is to require the relevant data source 
number for all new plant names, distribution or 
threat data. However, prior to the 1 990 adoption of 
BG-BASE, the practice was slightly different, and 
not all of these fields were mandatory. Although 
efforts have been made to fill in missing fields 
during the preparation of this list, time and resources 
have not permitted all missing data sources to be 
checked and updated from the original card index 
system. 

Statistics 

Summary statistics are given in the list at the 
beginning of each family. These comprise an 
estimate of the number of genera and species in the 
family. These figures are derived from numerous 
sources with Brummitt ( 1 992) and Cronquist ( 1 98 1 ) 
being the main sources. The figure for recorded 
threatened species is calculated from the data as 
explained in the analysis. Please note that species 
recorded as Extinct are not included in this count. 



Analysis of the list 



Estimates for the global number of vascular plant 
species commonly range from 250,000-270,000. In 
this book, analyses are made against the estimate of 
270,000 thereby under- rather than over-estimating 
the figure for percent species threatened. Figures for 
the number of genera per family are mainly taken 
from Brummitt (1992) or from Cronquist (1981). 
Figures for number of species per genus and number 
of species per country are taken from a wide range of 
sources whose data sources were not able to be 
shown in this list. Undoubtedly, there may be other, 
equally or more valid, estimates for many of these 
figures. 

Species counts 

The manipulation of any large data set such as this, 
which is a compilation of many other lists, is fraught 
with difficulty and requires carefiil interpretation. 
In particular the many differences of opinion as to 
what constitutes a species, subspecies, or variety in 
the plant kingdom make it difficult to decide which 
unit is most appropriate to present in summary 
tables. 

Given the data included in the list, three options 
for providing summary counts are available. The 
first is to provide counts for all taxa listed (taxa 
count). This will provide a slight overestimate since 
some taxa are listed at both the specific and 
infraspecific level. The second option is to count 
only taxa listed at the specific level {species 
count-low), which will provide an underestimate, as 



some taxa are only listed at the infraspecific level, 
and information was not available to assess the 
species as a whole. The third and middle option 
(species count) is to count as threatened all those 
taxa listed as threatened at the species level, plus all 
those species of which at least one component part 
(i.e. subspecies or variety) is listed as threatened. 
The results of the three different methods of 
counting are summarised in Table 4. 

The difference between the highest and lowest 
estimates for total figures is 1 1 .7%. Even the 'best' 
case scenario indicates that at least 11.5% (31,195 
out of an estimated 270,000 species) of the world's 
vascular flora is under threat. However it must be 
recognised that irrespective of the figures used, the 
situation in reality is much worse due to the major 
gaps of knowledge about plants, from different 
regions or taxonomic groups, as well as a conser- 
vation point of view. This is particularly accentu- 
ated in the tropics. 

In the tables that follow a breakdown by threat 
category for each country and for each family is 
given according to the species count figure. 

Geographic analysis 

The number of threatened species recorded for each 
country, and the percentage this represents of their 
national flora, are given in Table 5. Note that a 
relatively high figure of threatened species for a 



Table 4 

Comparison of potential methods of counting threatened plants 





Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total 
(threatened 
and extinct) 


% 

decrease 

from taxa 

count 


% world flora 
threatened* 


Taxa count 


396 


400 


6,951 


8,387 


14,998 


4,187 


35,319 




13.1% 


Species 
count ^ 


380 


371 


6,522 


7,951 


14,504 


4,070 


33,798 


4.3 


12.5% 


Species 
count - low 


368 


348 


6,100 


7,309 


13,276 


3,794 


31,195 


11.7 


11.5% 



' Calculated against a world flora of 270,000. 
The figures used in geographical and country analyses below. 



particular country may only reflect the effort that has 
been made by that country in collating data, while a 
low figure for another country may reflect that 
similar efforts have not yet been undertaken in that 
country. On the other hand, some countries clearly 
have greater conservation problems than others due 
to a variety of reasons. 



It is of interest to note that the three countries 
providing complete electronic data sets are also listed 
as having the highest percentage of their national 
floras threatened. 



Table 5 

Globally threatened vascular plants: lUCN Category by country^ 



Conntry 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


Afghanistan 






1 


1 


2 




4 


4,000 


0.1 


Albania 


1 


3 


I 




73 


2 


79 


3,031 


2.6 


Algeria 






31 


22 


80 


8 


141 


3,164 


4.5 


American 
Samoa 








1 


8 




9 


471 


1.9 


Angola 








2 


13 


15 


30 


5,185 


0.6 


Antigua & 
Barbuda 






1 




2 




3 


845 


0.4 


Argentina 


3 




61 


31 


136 


19 


247 


9,372 


2.6 


Armenia 












31 


31 






Australia 


71 




246 


630 


1,366 


3 


2,245 


15,638 


14.4 


Austria 


1 




1 


1 


20 


1 


23 


3,100 


0.7 


Azerbaijan 




1 


I 




2 


24 


28 






Bahamas 




2 




2 


4 


23 


31 


1,111 


2.8 


Bangladesh 




1 




21 


1 


1 


24 


5,000 


0.5 


Barbados 






2 








2 


572 


0.3 


Belarus 












1 


1 






Belgium 




1 


1 








2 


1,550 


O.I 


Belize 






5 


9 


37 


6 


57 


2,894 


2.0 


Benin 








2 


1 


1 


4 


2,201 


0.2 


Bermuda 


3 




5 




5 




10 


167 


6.0 


Bhutan 




1 


1 


6 


10 


5 


23 


5,468 


0.4 


Bolivia 


1 




90 


38 


88 


11 


227 


17,367 


1.3 


Bosnia & 
Herzegovina 


1 






3 


59 


2 


64 






Botswana 










6 


1 


7 


2,151 


0.3 


Brazil 


5 


10 


406 


280 


596 


66 


1,358 


56,215 


2.4 


British Indian 
Ocean Ter. 












1 


1 


101 


1.0 



Conntry 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


Brunei 
Darussalam 








11 


6 


8 


25 


6,000 


0.4 


Bulgaria 




1 


1 


14 


84 


6 


106 


3,572 


3.0 


CIS^ 


5 




16 


17 


158 


18 


209 


22,281 


0.9 


Cambodia 






1 


4 






5 






Cameroon 






2 


34 


17 


36 


89 


8,260 


I.l 


Canada 


2 


3 


58 


no 


106 


1 


278 


3,270 


8.5 


Cape Verde 








I 






1 


774 


O.I 


Cayman Islands 




1 


6 


2 


2 


2 


13 


539 


2.4 


Central African 
Republic 












1 


1 


3,602 


0.0 


Chad 










12 




12 


1,600 


0.8 


Chile 


6 


1 


102 


107 


107 


12 


329 


5,284 


6.2 


China 


2 


I 


86 


108 


102 


15 


312 


32,200 


1.0 


Christmas 
Island 




1 


1 


2 


10 


1 


15 


411 


3.6 


Colombia 


3 


1 


208 


137 


294 


72 


712 


51,220 


1.4 


Comoros 






2 


I 




1 


4 


721 


0.6 


Congo 








I 


2 




3 


6,000 


O.I 


Cook Islands 






9 


2 




1 


12 


284 


4.2 


Costa Rica 


2 


3 


103 


179 


217 


25 


527 


12,119 


4.3 


Cote d'lvoire 


2 




14 


56 


9 


15 


94 


3,660 


2.6 


Croatia 








2 


4 




6 


3,000 


0.2 


Cuba 


23 




330 


319 


163 


76 


888 


6,522 


13.6 


Cyprus 






9 


13 


23 


6 


51 


1,682 


3.0 


Czechoslovakia 
(former) ^ 


2 




4 


20 


25 


32 


81' 


2,590 


3.1 


Derunark 










2 




2 


1,450 


0.1 


Djibouti 






1 






1 


2 


641 


0.3 


Dominica 






6 


4 


26 


21 


57 


1,228 


4.6 


Dominican 
Republic 






27 


17 


45 


47 


136 


5,657 


2.4 


Ecuador 


4 




121 


214 


439 


50 


824 


19,362 


4.3 


Egypt 


2 




19 


8 


45 


10 


82 


2,076 


3.9 


El Salvador 






7 


12 


18 


5 


42 


2,911 


1.4 


Equatorial 
Guinea 








3 


8 




11 


3,250 


0.3 


Estonia 






1 






1 


2 






Ethiopia 




3 


69 


31 


46 


14 


163 


6,603 


2.5 



Country 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


Falkland 
Islands 






2 




4 




6 


165 


3.6 


Fiji 




7 


18 


25 


22 


2 


74 


1,518 


4.9 


Finland 








1 


4 


1 


6 


1,102 


0.5 


France 


7 


3 


21 


81 


83 


7 


195 


4,630 


4.2 


French Guiana 




1 


15 


15 


67 




98 


5,625 


1.7 


French 
Polynesia 


12 




45 


27 


46 


69 


187 


959 


19.5 


Gabon 








6 


40 


45 


91 


6,651 


1.4 


Gambia 










1 




1 


974 


0.1 


Georgia 










2 


27 


29 






Germany 


3 




3 


2 


5 


4 


14 


2,682 


0.5 


Ghana 




1 


30 


63 


5 


4 


103 


3,725 


2.8 


Gibraltar 








3 


I 




4 






Greece 


6 


1 


28 


80 


430 


32 


571 


4,992 


11.4 


Greenland 








1 


4 




5 


529 


0.9 


Grenada 






1 


1 


6 




8 


1,068 


0.7 


Guadeloupe 






5 


5 


13 


3 


26 


1,400 


1.9 


Guam 






7 


2 


4 


5 


18 


330 


5.5 


Guatemala 




4 


42 


74 


165 


70 


355 


8,681 


4.1 


Guinea 








12 


25 


2 


39 


3,000 


1.3 


Guyana 






27 


26 


99 




152 


6,409 


2.4 


Haiti 




1 


29 


12 


35 


23 


100 


5,242 


1.9 


Honduras 


1 


2 


16 


23 


40 


15 


96 


5,680 


1.7 


Hong Kong 






2 


1 


5 


I 


9 


1,984 


0.5 


Hungary 






3 


7 


16 


4 


30 


2,214 


1.4 


Iceland 










1 




1 


377 


0.3 


India 


19 


41 


152 


102 


251 


690 


1,236 


16,000 


7.7 


Indonesia 


1 


4 


24 


73 


102 


61 


264 


29,375 


0.9 


Iran 










2 




2 


8,000 


0.0 


Ireland 










1 




1 


950 


0.1 


Israel 




2 


7 


7 


13 


3 


32 


2,317 


1.4 


Italy 


1 




29 


80 


190 


12 


311 


5,599 


5.6 


Jamaica 






142 


220 


334 


48 


744 


3,308 


22.5 


Japan 


5 


3 


63 


171 


435 


35 


707 


5,565 


12.7 


Jordan 






1 


1 


6 


1 


9 


2,100 


0.4 


Kazakhstan 




6 






30 


35 


71 







Country 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


Kenya 




3 


31 


79 


97 


30 


240 


6,506 


3.7 


Kyrgyzstan 








1 


5 


28 


34 






Laos 










2 




2 






Lebanon 


1 




2 




1 


2 


5 


3,000 


0.2 


Lesotho 






1 


2 


14 


4 


21 


1,591 


1.3 


Liberia 






3 


20 




2 


25 


2,200 


1.1 


Libya 






4 


18 


30 


5 


57 


1,825 


3.1 


Liechtenstein 






1 




1 


1 


3 


1,410 


0.2 


Lithuania 


1 










1 


1 






Luxembourg 






1 








1 


1,246 


0.1 


Madagascar 




19 


91 


57 


85 


54 


306 


9,505 


3.2 


Malawi 






1 


3 


54 


3 


61 


3,765 


1.6 


Malaysia 


3 


3 


84 


146 


144 


113 


490 


15,500 


3.2 


Mali 






2 


1 


11 


1 


15 


1,741 


0.9 


Malta 


1 






1 


10 


4 


15 


914 


1.6 


Martinique 




4 


8 


7 


19 


6 


44 


1,287 


3.4 


Mauritania 










3 




3 


1,100 


0.3 


Mauritius 


47 


6 


118 


72 


96 


2 


294 


750 


39.2 


Mexico 


11 


5 


234 


443 


801 


110 


1,593 


26,071 


6.1 


Micronesia 






1 


1 


1 


1 


4 


1,194 


0.3 


Moldova 










2 


3 


5 






Mongolia 

















2,272 


0.0 


Montserrat 






1 




1 




2 


671 


0.3 


Morocco 


1 




3 


3 


157 


23 


186 


3,675 


5.1 


Mozambique 






5 


8 


58 


18 


89 


5,692 


1.6 


Myanmar 






3 


7 


14 


8 


32 


7,000 


0.5 


Namibia 






4 


5 


56 


10 


75 


3,174 


2.4 


Nepal 






2 


5 


10 


3 


20 


6,973 


0.3 


Netherlands 








1 






1 


1,221 


0.1 


Netherlands 
Antilles 






1 




1 




2 






New Caledonia 


5 


5 


160 


214 


91 


10 


480 


3,322 


14.4 


New Zealand 


7 




42 


42 


115 


12 


211 


2,382 


8.9 


Nicaragua 




2 


19 


32 


37 


8 


98 


7,590 


1.3 


Nigeria 






18 


16 


1 


2 


37 


4,715 


0.8 


Niue 








1 






1 


178 


0.6 


Norfolk Island 


2 




11 


7 


21 


1 


40 


445 


9.0 



Country 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


North Korea 










4 




4 


2,898 


0.1 


Northern 
Mariana Islands 






5 


1 


2 


3 


11 


315 


3.5 


Norway 








3 


9 




12 


1,715 


0.7 


Oman 






2 


13 


1 


14 


30 


1,204 


2.5 


Pakistan 


2 




2 


2 


5 


5 


14 


4,950 


0.3 


Panama 






602 


420 


217 


63 


1,302 


9,915 


13.1 


Papua New 
Guinea 






2 


9 


58 


23 


92 


11,544 


0.8 


Paraguay 






21 


25 


79 


4 


129 


7,851 


1.6 


Peru 


3 


4 


354 


218 


290 


40 


906 


18,245 


5.0 


Philippines 




4 


5 


60 


47 


244 


360 


8,931 


4.0 


Pitcaim 






2 


11 




1 


14 


76 


18.4 


Poland 


1 


1 


1 


10 


10 


5 


27 


2,450 


1.1 


Portugal 


2 




46 


113 


98 


12 


269 


5,050 


5.3 


Puerto Rico 




4 


97 


71 


40 


11 


223 


2,493 


8.9 


Reunion 


6 


1 


29 


40 


24 


5 


99 


546 


18.1 


Romania 






11 


14 


67 


7 


99 


3,400 


2.9 


Russian 
Federation ' 


1 


3 


3 


18 


96 


94 


214 






St. Vincent & 
Grenadines 






3 




5 


1 


9 


1,166 


0.8 


sao Tome & 
Principe 




1 




1 


1 




3 


895 


0.3 


Saudi Arabia 








5 


1 


1 


7 


2,028 


0.3 


Senegal 










28 


3 


31 


2,086 


1.5 


Seychelles 




5 


21 


30 


11 


11 


78 


250 


31.2 


Sierra Leone 






2 


15 


11 


1 


29 


2,090 


1.4 


Singapore 


1 




4 


7 


8 


10 


29 


2,168 


1.3 


Slovenia 








2 


11 




13 


3,175 


0.4 


Solomon 
Islands 








3 


33 


6 


42 


3,172 


1.3 


Somalia 






7 


23 


58 


15 


103 


3,028 


3.4 


South Africa 


53 




226 


368 


1,264 


357 


2,215 


23,420 


9.5 


South Korea 


1 




9 


2 


55 




66 


2,898 


2.3 


Spain 


3 


3 


185 


272 


484 


41 


985 


5,050 


19.5 


Sri Lanka 


1 


1 


69 


68 


81 


236 


455 


3,314 


13.7 


St Kitts & 
Nevis 






3 




1 




4 


659 


0.6 



Conntry 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


St Lucia 






5 




1 




6 


1,028 


0.6 


St. Helena 


11 


3 


22 


2 


27 


14 


68 


165 


41.2 


St Pierre & 
Miquelon 








2 


2 


1 


5 






Sudan 






1 


3 


1 


5 


10 


3,137 


0.3 


Suriname 






13 


10 


79 


1 


103 


5,018 


2.1 


Swaziland 




1 


9 


9 


17 


6 


42 


2,715 


1.5 


Sweden 








3 


10 




13 


1,750 


0.7 


Switzerland 


1 




4 




21 


5 


30 


3,030 


1.0 


Syria 


2 




5 




3 




8 


3,000 


0.3 


Taiwan 






19 


32 


251 


23 


325 


3,568 


9.1 


Tajikistan 


1 


3 






2 


45 


50 






Tanzania 


1 




14 


63 


103 


256 


436 


10,008 


4.4 


Thailand 






27 


21 


33 


304 


385 


11,625 


3.3 


Togo 








4 






4 


2,201 


0.2 


Tonga 








1 


1 




2 


463 


0.4 


Trinidad & 
Tobago 






2 


3 


5 


11 


21 


2,259 


0.9 


Tunisia 






1 




18 


5 


24 


2,196 


1.1 


Turkey 


10 


1 


47 


167 


1,608 


53 


1,876 


8,650 


21.7 


Turkmenistan 




2 






1 


14 


17 






Turks & Caicos 
Islands 










2 




2 


448 


0.4 


USA 


22 


181 


1,178 


1,783 


1,495 


32 


4,669 


16,108 


29.0 


Uganda 






2 


8 


3 


2 


15 


5,406 


0.3 


Ukraine 




1 


7 


2 


14 


28 


52 






United 
Kingdom 


1 




1 


3 


14 




18 


1,623 


1.1 


Uruguay 






9 


2 


4 




15 


2,278 


0.7 


Uzbekistan 




3 






3 


35 


41 






Vanuatu 






3 


1 


20 


2 


26 


870 


3.0 


Venezuela 






135 


65 


212 


14 


426 


21,073 


2.0 


Viet Nam 




2 


6 


25 


301 


7 


341 


10,500 


3.2 


Virgin Islands 
(British) 






4 


3 


6 


1 


14 






Virgin Islands 
(USA) 




1 


10 


12 


15 


2 


40 






Western Samoa 










17 


1 


18 


737 


2.4 


Yemen 




1 


33 


28 


55 


32 


149 


1,650 


9.0 



Country 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No.species 


% 
threatened 


Yugoslavia 
(former) ' 


1 




1 


6 


143 


5 


155 


5,351 


2.9 


Zaire 






2 


5 


67 


4 


78 


11,007 


0.7 


Zambia 






2 




9 


1 


12 


4,747 


0.3 


Zimbabwe 






4 


11 


58 


27 


100 


4,440 


2.3 



"Country" in this table refers to either a country or subset of a country (e.g. an island dependency such as Reunion). 
^ Total number threatened includes Ex/E, E, V, R and 1, but excludes Ex. 

' Figures for the former Czechoslovakia, former USSR and former Yugoslavia have only been partially rationalised to 
bring them in line with current political boundaries. 

Table 6 

Countries^ with at least 5% of their native species threatened 



Country' 


Ex 


Exm, 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No. species 


% 
threatened 


St. Helena ^ 


11 


3 


22 


2 


27 


14 


68 


165 


41.2 


Mauritius 


47 


6 


118 


72 


96 


2 


294 


750 


39.2 


Seychelles 




5 


21 


30 


11 


11 


78 


250 


31.2 


USA 


22 


181 


1,178 


1,783 


1,495 


32 


4,669 


16,108 


29.0 


Jamaica 






142 


220 


334 


48 


744 


3,308 


22.5 


Turkey 


10 


1 


47 


167 


1,608 


53 


1,876 


8,650 


21.7 


French 
Polynesia 


12 




45 


27 


46 


69 


187 


959 


19.5 


Spain 


3 


3 


185 


272 


484 


41 


985 


5,050 


19.5 


Pitcaim 






2 


11 




1 


14 


76 


18.4 


Reunion 


6 


1 


29 


40 


24 


5 


99 


546 


18.1 


Australia 


71 




246 


630 


1,366 


3 


2,245 


15,638 


14.4 


New Caledonia 


5 


5 


160 


214 


91 


10 


480 


3,322 


14.4 


Sri Lanka 


1 


1 


69 


68 


81 


236 


455 


3,314 


13.7 


Cuba 


23 




330 


319 


163 


76 


888 


6,522 


13.6 


Panama 






602 


420 


217 


63 


1,302 


9,915 


13.1 


Japan 


5 


3 


63 


171 


435 


35 


707 


5,565 


12.7 


Greece 


6 


1 


28 


80 


430 


32 


571 


4,992 


11.4 


South Africa 


53 




226 


368 


1,264 


357 


2,215 


23,420 


9.5 


Taiwan 






19 


32 


251 


23 


325 


3,568 


9.1 


Yemen 




1 


33 


28 


55 


32 


149 


1,650 


9.0 


New Zealand 


7 




42 


42 


115 


12 


211 


2,382 


8.9 


Puerto Rico 




4 


97 


71 


40 


11 


223 


2,493 


8.9 


Canada 


2 


3 


58 


110 


106 


1 


278 


3,270 


8.5 


India 


19 


41 


152 


102 


251 


690 


1,236 


16,000 


7.7 


Chile 


6 


1 


102 


107 


107 


12 


329 


5,284 


6.2 



Country' 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened^ 


No. species 


% 
threatened 


Mexico 


11 


5 


234 


443 


SOI 


110 


1,593 


26,071 


6.1 


Italy 


1 




29 


80 


190 


12 


311 


5,599 


5.6 


Guam 






7 


2 


4 


5 


18 


330 


5.5 


Portugal 


2 




46 


113 


98 


12 


269 


5,050 


5.3 


Morocco 


I 




3 


3 


157 


23 


186 


3,675 


5.1 


Peru 


3 


4 


354 


218 


290 


40 


906 


18,245 


5.0 


Bermuda 


3 




5 




5 




10 


167 


6.0 



' "Coimtry" in this table refers to either a country or subset of a country (e.g. an island dependency such as Reunion). 

^ Total no. threatened includes Ex/E,E,V,R and I, but excludes Ex. 

' St Helena comprises St Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha Islands. 



Endemism and threat 

Figures for threatened species endemism at the 
country or a sub-set of the country are given in Table 
7. The vast majority (9 1 %) of the plants listed in this 
book are recorded as single-country endemics. This 
is partly, but not entirely, due to the greater risks to 
survival that plants with a restricted range face, 
compared to risks faced by widely distributed 
species. The prominence on this list of island 
endemics is demonstrated by the inclusion of seven 
islands or island groups in the top ten areas listed 
according to percentage of its flora under threat: St. 
Helena, Mauritius, Seychelles, Jamaica, French 
Polynesia, Pitcaim, and Reunion (Table 6). 

However Table 6 must be treated with care, as in 
cases where threatened species data are well-known 
(e.g. the USA, Australia, and South Afi-ica), the 
more complete the information on threatened 
species, the greater percentage of the flora is known 
to be globally threatened. Therefore once more 
information is collected in South America, Africa, 
and Asia, it is highly likely that many other countries 
will have much more than 5% of their flora 
threatened at a global level. 

In addition, while it would be expected that a high 
percentage of this list would constitute single- 
country endemics, the actual percentage of single- 
country endemics reported here is known to be 
artificially high due to the process of assigning 



global threat status for the following reason: taxa 
are assigned a threatened global status, and therefore 
listed in this book, only if full distribution and 
conservation data are available. Due to this rigorous 
process, many species with populations that cross 
political boundaries which would otherwise seem 
appropriate for inclusion in this list have 
unfortunately had to be excluded due to incomplete 
distribution and conservation data. An example of 
such a species is Swietenia mahagoni (Mahogany), a 
widespread Caribbean species. Threatened by logging 
throughout its natural range, this species was listed on 
Appendix II of CITES in 1992. However as 
conservation status information for each of its range 
countries was not available, this species is not 
included in this list (although it will be included in 
future lists when the 1994 lUCN threat categories 
are used). An additional c. 14,000 taxa might well be 
listed if full conservation and distribution data of 
these taxa were known. These data are available in 
the Threatened Plants Database. 

Taxonomic analysis 

In the Red List, statistics are given for each family of 
the number of species listed as threatened 
(excluding extinct species). A total of 372 families 
out of an estimated 5 1 1 families of vascular plants 
(Brummitt, 1992) contain globally extinct and/or 
threatened species (Table 8). Not surprisingly, the 
largest families contain the largest number of 
threatened species. 



Table 7 

Globally threatened taxa of vascular plants: lUCN Categories by country - level 

endemism ^ 





Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total No. 

(threatened and 

extinct) 


Single country^ 


382 


388 


6,629 


7,616 


13,371 


3,856 


32,242 


two countries 


11 


11 


268 


616 


1,209 


253 


2,368 


> two countries 


3 


1 


54 


155 


418 


78 


709 


Total 


396 


400 


6,951 


8,387 


14,988 


4,187 


35,319 



' This table can only be generated against the taxon count (see Table 4). The discrepancy between species and taxon 

count is 4.3%. 
- "Country" in this table refers to either a country or subset of a country (e.g. an island dependency such as Reunion). 



Table 8 

Globally threatened taxa of vascular plants: lUCN Categories by major taxa and families 



Family 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Fern allies 




















Isoetaceae 


2 




11 


4 


22 


2 


39 


79 


49.7 


Lycopodiaceae 


1 




3 


6 


11 


3 


23 


519 


4.4 


Psilotaceae 






1 




1 




2 


7 


30.8 


Selaginellaceae 


1 




3 


5 


9 


6 


23 


713 


3.2 


TOTAL 


4 





18 


15 


43 


11 


87 


U18 


6.6 


True ferns 




















Adiantaceae 




1 


6 


4 


16 


11 


38 


712 


5.3 


Aspleniaceae 




3 


12 


3 


25 


3 


46 


711 


6.5 


Blechnaceae 






2 


2 


11 


2 


17 


238 


7.1 


Cyatheaceae 




1 


10 


36 


100 


55 


202 


623 


32.4 


Davalliaceae 






1 








1 


130 


0.8 


Dennstaedtiaceae 






1 


1 


9 


4 


15 


486 


3.1 


Dicksoniaceae 








3 




1 


4 


41 


9.8 


Dryopteridaceae 


2 


5 


12 


10 


41 


7 


75 


464 


16.2 


Gleicheniaceae 








1 


3 




4 


140 


2.9 


Grammitidaceae 






2 


2 


39 


22 


65 


500 


13.0 


Hymenophyllaceae 






4 


4 


18 


1 


27 


600 


4.5 


Lomariopsidaceae 






4 


1 


12 




17 


615 


2.8 


Loxsomataceae 






1 


1 






2 


4 


50.0 


Marattiaceae 






3 


1 


6 


1 


11 


204 


5.4 


Marsileaceae 






3 


2 


1 


2 


8 


67 


11.9 



FamUy 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Oleandraceae 








2 






2 


91 


2.2 


Ophioglossaceae 






6 


5 


12 




23 


81 


28.4 


Osmundaceae 








1 




1 


2 


18 


11.1 


Parkeriaceae 










1 




I 


4 


25.0 


Plagiogyriaceae 










2 




2 


36 


5.6 


Polypodiaceae 


1 


1 


3 


6 


12 


4 


26 


1,068 


2.4 


Pteridaceae 






3 


3 


8 


5 


19 


259 


7.3 


Schizaeaceae 








1 


1 


1 


3 


143 


2.1 


Thelypteridaceae 


1 




9 


5 


19 


8 


41 


1,000 


4.1 


Vittariaceae 










2 




2 


113 


1.8 


Woodsiaceae 


1 


2 


3 


3 


17 


5 


30 


705 


4.3 


TOTAL 


5 


13 


8S 


97 


356 


133 


683 


9,053 


7.5 


Gnetopsida 
(gnetophytes) 




















Ephedraceae 










1 




1 


40 


2.5 


TOTAL 














1 





1 


40 


2.5 


Pinopsida 
(conifers) 




















Araucariaceae 






5 


11 


13 


1 


30 


38 


78.9 


Cephalotaxaceae 






1 


3 




1 


5 


7 


71.4 


Cupressaceae 


1 


1 


17 


19 


21 


6 


64 


130 


49.2 


Pinaceae 






17 


50 


62 


4 


133 


250 


53.2 


Podocarpaceae 






5 


28 


33 


4 


70 


125 


56.0 


Taxaceae 






4 


7 


3 


1 


15 


20 


75.0 


Taxodiaceae 






2 


4 


4 




10 


16 


62.5 


TOTAL 


1 


1 


51 


122 


136 


17 


327 


586 


55.8 


Ginkopsida 
(ginkgo) 




















Ginkgoaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


TOTAL 














1 





1 


1 


100.0 


Cycadopsida 
(cycads) 




















Cycadaceae 


1 




5 


11 


4 




20 


35 


57.1 


Stangeriaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Zamiaceae 


2 




39 


50 


36 


3 


128 


144 


88.9 


TOTAL 


3 





44 


61 


41 


3 


149 


180 


82.8 


Dicotyledons 




















Acanthaceae 


7 


1 


63 


67 


192 


106 


429 


2,500 


17.2 


Aceraceae 






2 


2 


7 


3 


14 


112 


12.5 


Actinidiaceae 






2 


I 


1 


1 


5 


300 


1.7 


Aizoaceae 


7 




16 


20 


86 


41 


163 


2,500 


6.5 


Alzateaceae 










I 




1 


1 


100.0 



FamUy 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Amaranthaceae 


4 


1 


9 


4 


24 


6 


44 


900 


4.9 


Anacardiaceae 




1 


12 


19 


39 


15 


86 


600 


14.3 


Ancistrocladaceae 






I 


1 






2 


18 


11.4 


Anisophylleaceae 










2 




2 


40 


5.0 


Annonaceae 




2 


24 


36 


91 


59 


212 


2,300 


9.2 


Apocynaceae 


5 


1 


33 


31 


70 


14 


149 


2,000 


7.5 


Aquifoliaceae 


1 


1 


6 


4 


18 


8 


37 


370 


10.0 


Araliaceae 






30 


22 


36 


19 


107 


700 


15.3 


Aristolochiaceae 






5 


3 


23 


4 


35 


600 


5.8 


Asclepiadaceae 


9 


3 


72 


60 


199 


86 


420 


2,000 


21.0 


Balanopaceae 










1 




1 


9 


11.1 


Balanophoraceae 






1 


1 


3 




5 


45 


11.1 


Balsam inaceae 


1 


3 


5 




12 


49 


69 


450 


15.3 


Basellaceae 






1 


1 


3 




5 


18 


28.6 


Begoniaceae 


1 


1 


14 


8 


28 


13 


64 


1,020 


6.3 


Berberidaceae 






5 


12 


15 


11 


43 


650 


6.6 


Betulaceae 






2 


1 


8 


2 


13 


125 


10.4 


Bignoniaceae 






34 


43 


73 


5 


155 


800 


19.4 


Bombacaceae 






11 


3 


7 


3 


24 


200 


12.0 


Boraginaceae 


8 


6 


43 


82 


211 


36 


378 


2,000 


18.9 


Bretschneideraceae 










1 




I 


1 


100.0 


Brunelliaceae 






29 


19 


9 




57 


62 


91.9 


Bruniaceae 


4 




3 


2 


8 


4 


17 


75 


22.7 


Buddlejaceae 








2 


10 


2 


14 


150 


9.3 


Burseraceae 






9 


9 


58 


4 


80 


600 


13.3 


Buxaceae 






4 


8 


4 


5 


21 


60 


3i.O 


Cactaceae 


6 


1 


89 


173 


253 


65 


581 


1,500 


38.7 


Callitrichaceae 






1 


3 


1 




5 


35 


14.3 


Calycanthaceae 






1 


1 


1 




3 


5 


60.0 


Calyceraceae 










1 




1 


60 


1.7 


Campanulaceae 


5 


22 


103 


62 


200 


41 


428 


2,000 


21.4 


Canellaceae 






1 


1 


3 


2 


7 


20 


35.0 


Capparaceae 




1 


9 


11 


19 


10 


50 


800 


6.3 


Caprifoliaceae 






3 


9 


19 


1 


32 


400 


8.0 


Caricaceae 






1 


3 


4 




S 


30 


26.7 


Caryocaraceae 






4 


2 


5 




11 


23 


47.8 


Caryophyllaceae 


2 


7 


67 


87 


304 


55 


520 


2,000 


26.0 


Casuarinaceae 






4 


6 


4 




14 


50 


28.0 


Cecropiaceae 






15 


12 


14 




41 


276 


14.9 


Celastraceae 


1 


3 


25 


15 


28 


22 


93 


800 


11.6 


Ceratophyllaceae 












1 


1 


6 


16.7 



FamOy 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Chenopodiaceae 


1 




15 


30 


37 


6 


88 


1,500 


58.7 


Chloranthaceae 






4 


7 


8 


1 


20 


75 


26.7 


Chrysobalanaceae 






80 


54 


86 


5 


225 


450 


50.0 


Cistaceae 






16 


8 


15 


4 


43 


200 


21.5 


Clethraceae 








1 


2 


1 


4 


65 


6.2 


Cochlospermaceae 








1 


1 




2 


15 


13.3 


Columelliaceae 








1 






1 


4 


25.0 


Combretaceae 






6 


8 


53 


6 


73 


400 


18.3 


Compositae 


21 


23 


475 


606 


1,258 


191 


2,553 


20,000 


12.8 


Cormaraceae 






18 


6 


21 


6 


51 


350 


14.6 


Convolvulaceae 


2 


1 


26 


31 


50 


26 


134 


1,500 


8.9 


Cornaceae 






2 


2 


5 




9 


100 


9.0 


Corylaceae 






2 


3 


4 


1 


10 


22 


45.5 


Corynocarpaceae 










1 




1 


5 


20.0 


Crassulaceae 


4 


1 


31 


42 


137 


16 


227 


900 


25.2 


Crossosomataceae 






2 




2 




4 


10 


40.0 


Cruciferae 


10 


6 


126 


196 


383 


36 


747 


3,000 


24.9 


Crypteroniaceae 








1 






1 


7 


14.3 


Cucurbitaceae 


1 


1 


11 


7 


34 


21 


74 


700 


10.6 


Cunoniaceae 




1 


1 


13 


10 




25 


350 


7.1 


Cyrillaceae 








2 






2 


14 


14.3 


Daphniphyllaceae 








1 


1 




2 


35 


5.7 


Datiscaceae 








1 






1 


4 


25.0 


Davidsoniaceae 






1 








1 


1 


100.0 


Degeneriaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Diapensiaceae 








3 


2 




5 


18 


27.8 


Dichapetalaceae 






17 


10 


11 


7 


45 


235 


19.1 


Didiereaceae 










3 




3 


11 


27.3 


Dilleniaceae 






7 


4 


14 


5 


30 


350 


8.6 


Dioncophyllaceae 












1 


1 


3 


33.3 


Dipsacaceae 




1 


3 


8 


40 


10 


62 


260 


23.8 


Dipterocarpaceae 




7 


30 


70 


23 


65 


195 


600 


32.5 


Droseraceae 






2 


4 


7 


1 


14 


100 


14.0 


Ebenaceae 






15 


38 


12 


16 


81 


450 


18.0 


Elaeagnaceae 






1 


3 


5 




9 


50 


18.0 


Elaeocarpaceae 






4 


9 


29 


2 


44 


400 


11.0 


Elatinaceae 








1 


4 




5 


40 


12.5 


Epacridaceae 


3 




7 


14 


38 


1 


60 


400 


15.0 


Eremolepidaceae 








1 






1 


12 


8.3 


Ericaceae 


7 




127 


142 


205 


35 


509 


3,500 


14.5 


Erythroxylaceae 


1 


1 


22 


18 


20 


8 


69 


200 


34.5 



Family 


Ex 


Exm 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Escalloniaceae 






2 


3 


8 


2 


15 


170 


8.8 


Eucommiaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Eilcryphiaceae 










1 




1 


6 


16.7 


Euphorbiaceae 


11 


4 


192 


263 


318 


156 


933 


7,500 


12.4 


Fagaceae 




1 


13 


21 


36 


25 


96 


800 


12.0 


Flacourtiaceae 




1 


67 


46 


70 


12 


196 


800 


24.5 


Fouquieriaceae 








1 


2 


2 


5 


11 


45.5 


Frankeniaceae 


3 




1 


1 


4 




6 


80 


7.5 


Geissolomataceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Gentianaceae 






16 


21 


60 


14 


111 


1,000 


11.1 


Geraniaceae 




1 


13 


11 


50 


10 


85 


700 


12.1 


Gesneriaceae 




10 


57 


53 


79 


66 


265 


2,500 


10.6 


Globulariaceae 






3 


1 


5 




9 


300 


3.0 


Goetzeaceae 






1 








1 


7 


14.3 


Gomortegaceae 






1 








1 


1 


100.0 


Goodeniaceae 


1 




3 


11 


18 


1 


33 


300 


11.0 


Greyiaceae 










1 




1 


3 


33.3 


Grossulariaceae 


1 




4 


6 


4 


3 


17 


180 


9.4 


Grubbiaceae 










1 




1 


3 


33.3 


Gunneraceae 






2 


1 


1 


1 


5 


50 


10.0 


Guttiferae 






16 


31 


78 


27 


152 


1,200 


12.7 


Gyrostemonaceae 


1 






1 






1 


17 


5.9 


Halophytaceae 












1 


1 


1 


100.0 


Haloragaceae 


1 




6 


5 


12 


3 


26 


100 


26.0 


Hamamelidaceae 






3 




17 


2 


22 


100 


22.0 


Hemandiaceae 


1 




4 




5 


2 


11 


60 


18.3 


Hippocastanaceae 








1 






1 


16 


6.3 


Hoplestigmataceae 












1 


1 


2 


50.0 


Humiriaceae 








1 


3 




4 


50 


8.0 


Hydnoraceae 






1 








1 


10 


10.0 


Hydrangeaceae 








10 


6 


2 


18 


170 


10.6 


Hydrophyllaceae 


2 




14 


30 


38 




82 


250 


32.8 


Icacinaceae 






8 


10 


10 


5 


33 


400 


8.3 


Idiospermaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Illecebraceae 






4 


10 


32 


3 


49 


117 


41.9 


Illiciaceae 






1 


1 


1 




3 


40 


7.5 


Ixonanthaceae 








1 






1 


30 


3.3 


Juglandaceae 






3 


4 


4 


1 


12 


60 


20.0 


Krameriaceae 








1 


2 




3 


15 


20.0 


Labiatae 


9 


25 


100 


132 


432 


44 


733 


3,200 


22.9 


Lacistemataceae 






1 


2 


4 




7 


20 


35.0 



Family 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Lactoridaceae 








1 






1 


1 


100.0 


Lardizabalaceae 










3 


2 


5 


30 


16.7 


Lauraceae 


1 




65 


57 


105 


32 


259 


2,000 


13.0 


Lecythidaceae 






54 


39 


49 




142 


400 


35.5 


Leeaceae 










2 


3 


5 


70 


7.1 


Leguminosae 


22 


14 


392 


506 


1,063 


231 


2,206 


13,100 


16.8 


Leitneriaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Lennoaceae 










2 




2 


5 


44.4 


Lentibulariaceae 






2 


5 


7 


10 


24 


200 


12.0 


Limnanthaceae 






2 


3 


3 




8 


11 


72.7 


Linaceae 






9 


10 


27 


2 


48 


220 


21.8 


Loasaceae 


1 




5 


13 


7 




25 


200 


12.5 


Loganiaceae 


1 




10 


11 


9 


7 


37 


500 


7.4 


Loranthaceae 


2 


2 


12 


7 


14 


5 


40 


700 


5.7 


Lythraceae 






6 


6 


36 


9 


57 


500 


11.4 


Magnoliaceae 


1 




13 


10 


15 


5 


43 


220 


19.5 


Malesherbiaceae 






1 




3 




4 


25 


16.0 


Malpighiaceae 






36 


34 


30 


9 


109 


1,200 


9.1 


Malvaceae 


3 


13 


53 


44 


102 


21 


233 


1,250 


18.6 


Marcgraviaceae 






1 


1 


3 




5 


100 


5.0 


Medusagynaceae 






1 








1 


1 


100.0 


Medusandraceae 












1 


1 


1 


100,0 


Melastomataceae 




4 


99 


84 


228 


72 


487 


4,000 


12.2 


Meliaceae 






29 


34 


39 


7 


109 


550 


19.8 


Melianthaceae 








1 




1 


2 


22 


9.1 


Meliosmaceae 






6 


3 


6 


1 


16 


27 


59.3 


Menispermaceae 


1 




9 


2 


9 


18 


38 


400 


9.5 


Menyanthaceae 






1 


1 


3 


1 


6 


33 


18.5 


Molluginaceae 






3 


4 


4 


1 


12 


100 


12.0 


Monimiaceae 






5 


5 


13 




23 


450 


5.1 


Montiniaceae 






1 








1 


3 


33.3 


Moraceae 




3 


30 


23 


38 


16 


110 


1,000 


11.0 


Morinaceae 










1 


1 


2 


13 


15.4 


Moringaceae 










1 


1 


2 


10 


20.0 


Myoporaceae 


1 




7 


12 


12 


1 


32 


125 


25.6 


Myricaceae 






1 


1 


3 




5 


50 


10.0 


Myristicaceae 






7 


6 


3 


3 


19 


300 


6.3 


Myrsinaceae 


1 


1 


30 


48 


50 


62 


191 


1,000 


19.1 


Myrtaceae 


4 


5 


147 


218 


326 


51 


747 


3,000 


24.9 


Nepenthaceae 




1 


3 


5 


6 


4 


19 


75 


25.3 


Nesogenaceae 


1 


1 


1 






1 


3 


7 


42.9 



-xl- 



Family 


Ex 


Es/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Nyctaginaceae 


1 


1 


15 


13 


18 


2 


49 


300 


16.3 


Nymphaeaceae 








3 


1 




4 


50 


8.0 


Ochnaceae 


1 




5 


3 


6 


1 


15 


400 


3.8 


Olacaceae 






18 


11 


25 


5 


59 


250 


23.6 


Oleaceae 






16 


17 


18 


19 


70 


600 


11.7 


Oliniaceae 












2 


2 


8 


25.0 


Onagraceae 


2 


1 


20 


36 


61 


1 


119 


675 


17.6 


Opiliaceae 










1 




1 


50 


2.0 


Oxalidaceae 






1 


11 


12 


7 


31 


900 


3.4 


Paeoniaceae 






1 


4 


3 


3 


11 


30 


36.7 


Papaveraceae 






10 


18 


48 


8 


84 


200 


42.0 


Pamassiaceae 










2 


1 


3 


16 


18.8 


Passifloraceae 


1 




14 


6 


18 


10 


48 


650 


7.4 


Pedal iaceae 






1 




2 




3 


80 


3.8 


Pellicieraceae 












1 


1 


1 


100.0 


Penaeaceae 






1 


3 


10 




14 


20 


70.0 


Pentaphragmataceae 










1 


1 


2 


30 


6.7 


Phytolaccaceae 






1 


2 


2 




5 


125 


4.0 


Piperaceae 


3 


2 


83 


15 


50 


12 


162 


1,700 


9.5 


Pittosporaceae 


1 




12 


12 


9 


3 


36 


200 


18.0 


Plantaginaceae 






7 


9 


14 


3 


33 


254 


13.0 


Plumbaginaceae 


3 


1 


34 


55 


80 


10 


180 


400 


45.0 


Podostemaceae 






8 


4 


3 


5 


20 


200 


10.0 


Polemoniaceae 




1 


17 


42 


42 




102 


300 


34.0 


Polygalaceae 




1 


13 


22 


35 


21 


92 


750 


12.3 


Polygonaceae 




3 


43 


81 


87 


14 


228 


1,000 


22.8 


Portulacaceae 






15 


12 


25 




52 


500 


10.4 


Primulaceae 




2 


16 


25 


45 


24 


112 


1,000 


11.2 


Proteaceae 


5 


1 


73 


91 


183 


5 


353 


1,000 


35.3 


Quiinaceae 






2 


2 


2 




6 


40 


15.0 


Rafflesiaceae 






1 


2 


5 


1 


9 


50 


18.0 


Ranunculaceae 


2 


2 


38 


82 


143 


29 


294 


2,000 


14.7 


Resedaceae 










14 


1 


15 


70 


21.4 


Rhabdodendraceae 






1 








1 


3 


33.3 


Rhamnaceae 




2 


28 


54 


78 


9 


171 


900 


19.0 


Rhizophoraceae 




1 


5 


3 


2 


1 


12 


100 


12.0 


Rhoipteleaceae 










1 




1 


1 


100.0 


Rhynchocalycaceae 








1 






1 


1 


100.0 


Roridulaceae 










1 




1 


2 


50.0 


Rosaceae 


2 


22 


82 


119 


156 


40 


419 


3,000 


14.0 


Rubiaceae 


22 


13 


223 


275 


369 


240 


1,120 


6,500 


17.2 



-xli- 



Fanuly 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Rutaceae 


10 


9 


95 


91 


163 


24 


382 


1,500 


25.5 


Sabiaceae 










2 


1 


3 


30 


10.0 


Salicaceae 






2 


18 


19 


2 


41 


340 


12.1 


Santalaceae 


4 




6 


11 


16 


2 


35 


400 


8.8 


Sapindaceae 


2 


1 


38 


35 


64 


6 


144 


1,500 


9.6 


Sapotaceae 




2 


126 


75 


135 


23 


361 


800 


45.1 


Sarraceniaceae 








1 


4 




5 


15 


33.3 


Saxifragaceae 


1 


1 


6 


29 


60 


6 


102 


588 


17.4 


Schisandraceae 










1 


2 


3 


50 


6.0 


Scrophulariaceae 


8 


13 


160 


259 


478 


59 


969 


4,000 


24.2 


Scytopetalaceae 








1 


2 




3 


20 


15.0 


Simaroubaceae 






1 


11 


8 


1 


21 


150 


14.0 


Solanaceae 


5 


3 


41 


71 


72 


31 


218 


2,800 


7.8 


Sphenostemonaceae 












1 


1 


7 


14.3 


Stachyuraceae 








1 






1 


6 


18.2 


Stackhousiaceae 










2 




2 


23 


8.9 


Staphyleaceae 










2 


1 


3 


50 


6.0 


Sterculiaceae 


7 


1 


24 


27 


32 


22 


106 


1,000 


10.6 


Stilbaceae 










1 




1 


12 


8.3 


Stylidiaceae 






2 


2 


5 




9 


155 


5.8 


Styracaceae 






4 


3 


5 


2 


14 


150 


9.3 


Surianaceae 










1 




1 


6 


16.7 


Symplocaceae 






6 


10 


23 


4 


43 


350 


12.3 


Tamaricaceae 








1 


3 




4 


100 


4.0 


Theaceae 




1 


16 


12 


27 


17 


73 


600 


12.2 


Theligonaceae 










1 




1 


3 


33.3 


Theophrastaceae 






5 


8 


5 


3 


21 


100 


21.0 


Thymelaeaceae 


1 


3 


13 


16 


32 


8 


72 


500 


14.4 


Tiliaceae 




1 


4 


3 


15 


4 


27 


450 


6.0 


Tovariaceae 








1 






1 


2 


50.0 


Trapaceae 








1 






1 


15 


6.7 


Tremandraceae 


2 




3 


4 


2 




9 


28 


32.1 


Trigoniaceae 






7 


5 


5 




17 


26 


65.4 


Trimeniaceae 






1 








1 


5 


20.0 


Tropaeolaceae 






1 




3 




4 


92 


4.3 


Tumeraceae 






2 


1 


4 


1 


8 


120 


6.7 


Ulmaceae 






7 


7 


4 




18 


150 


12.0 


Umbelliferae 


3 


8 


56 


98 


238 


70 


470 


3,000 


15.7 


Urticaceae 


2 


2 


32 


35 


40 


8 


117 


700 


16.7 


Vahliaceae 










1 




1 


5 


20.0 


Valerianaceae 






1 


3 


23 


4 


31 


300 


10.3 



-xlii- 



Family 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Verbenaceae 


I 


3 


22 


27 


40 


30 


122 


2,600 


4.7 


Violaceae 


1 


1 


31 


20 


44 


14 


110 


800 


13.8 


Viscaceae 


1 




11 


6 


6 


16 


39 


350 


11.1 


Vitaceae 






6 


4 


14 


12 


36 


700 


5.1 


Vochysiaceae 






1 


1 




1 


3 


200 


1.5 


Winteraceae 






2 


4 


5 




11 


100 


11.0 


Zygophyllaceae 


1 




2 




10 


1 


13 


250 


5.2 


TOTAL 


272 


284 


4,925 


6,000 


11,335 


2,980 


25,524 


167^24 


15.3 


Monocotyledons 




















Agavaceae 






13 


14 


35 


6 


68 


380 


17.9 


Alismataceae 






2 


2 


6 




10 


75 


13.3 


Alliaceae 


1 


4 


19 


40 


86 


15 


164 


832 


19.7 


Aloaceae 






36 


65 


84 


21 


206 


700 


29.4 


Alstroemeriaceae 






3 




1 


1 


5 


152 


3.3 


Amaryllidaceae 


7 




38 


42 


79 


17 


176 


700 


25.1 


Anthericaceae 






4 


4 


11 


3 


22 


481 


4.6 


Aponogetonaceae 






1 


2 


3 


1 


7 


40 


17.5 


Araceae 


3 




27 


65 


59 


72 


223 


1,800 


12.4 


Asparagaceae 






2 


1 


6 


4 


13 


55 


23.6 


Asphodelaceae 


1 


2 


5 


6 


27 


S 


48 


319 


15.0 


Asteliaceae 






3 


2 


4 




9 


34 


26.5 


Blandfordiaceae 










1 




1 


4 


25.0 


Bromeliaceae 


1 




277 


111 


76 


16 


480 


2,000 


24.0 


Burmanniaceae 




5 




1 


3 


5 


14 


130 


10.8 


Calectasiaceae 








1 






1 


1 


100.0 


Cannaceae 








1 






1 


50 


2.0 


Centrolepidaceae 






1 


2 


3 




6 


35 


17.1 


Colchicaceae 






3 


11 


19 


1 


34 


106 


32.1 


Commelinaceae 


1 




3 


6 


10 


10 


29 


700 


4.1 


Convallariaceae 




1 


1 


7 


12 


4 


25 


172 


14.5 


Costaceae 






1 


8 


S 




17 


150 


11.3 


Cyanastraceae 












1 


1 


6 


16.7 


Cyclanthaceae 






2 




2 


2 


6 


180 


3.3 


Cyperaceae 


5 


4 


54 


62 


115 


45 


280 


4,000 


7.0 


Dioscoreaceae 


1 




28 


20 


15 


9 


72 


630 


11.4 


Dracaenaceae 


1 




4 


14 


2 




20 


156 


12.8 


Eriocaulaceae 


4 


2 


11 


15 


22 


13 


63 


1,200 


5.3 


Eriospermaceae 










35 


1 


36 


90 


40.0 


Gramineae 


17 


8 


139 


141 


358 


130 


776 


8,000 


9.7 


Haemodoraceae 






1 


11 


3 




15 


100 


15.0 


Heliconiaceae 






14 


14 


15 




43 


100 


43.0 



-xliii- 



Famay 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


Total no. 
species 


% 
threatened 


Hostaceae 






1 


1 


2 




4 


40 


10.0 


Hyacinthaceae 


3 




19 


21 


77 


17 


134 


654 


20.5 


Hydatellaceae 


1 






1 


1 




2 


7 


28.6 


Hydrocharitaceae 




1 


1 


4 


6 


2 


14 


100 


14.0 


Hypoxidaceae 






1 


1 


2 


2 


6 


142 


4.2 


Iridaceae 


9 


3 


90 


70 


276 


45 


484 


1,500 


32.3 


Juncaceae 






2 


5 


11 


4 


22 


300 


7.3 


Juncaginaceae 








1 






1 


20 


5.0 


Lemnaceae 










I 


2 


3 


31 


9.7 


Liliaceae 


6 


1 


27 


42 


62 


17 


149 


460 


32.4 


Limnocharitaceae 










3 




3 


10 


31.6 


Lomandraceae 








1 


5 




6 


42 


14.3 


Lowiaceae 










1 




1 


6 


16.7 


Marantaceae 






5 


1 


1 


4 


11 


400 


2.8 


Melanthiaceae 






4 


4 


8 


1 


17 


146 


11.6 


Musaceae 


1 






1 


1 




2 


42 


4.8 


Orchidaceae 


21 


16 


325 


529 


646 


263 


1,779 


30,000 


5.9 


Palmae 


2 


25 


204 


258 


262 


120 


869 


3,000 


29.0 


Pandanaceae 


7 




6 


10 


16 


9 


41 


732 


5.6 


Philydraceae 










1 




1 


5 


20.0 


Phormiaceae 










3 


1 


4 


36 


11.1 


Pontederiaceae 










1 




1 


30 


3.3 


Potamogetonaceae 






5 


1 


3 




9 


100 


9.0 


Restionaceae 


1 




5 


19 


27 


7 


58 


400 


14.5 


Ruscaceae 








2 


2 




4 


8 


50.0 


Smilacaceae 








3 


7 


1 


11 


330 


3.3 


Stemonaceae 








1 


1 




2 


30 


6.7 


Strelitziaceae 










1 


1 


2 


7 


28.6 


Tecophilaeaceae 


1 








3 




3 


42 


7.1 


Trilliaceae 






2 


2 


11 


I 


16 


52 


30.8 


Triuridaceae 






2 


1 


4 


4 


11 


70 


15.7 


Velloziaceae 






1 




1 


3 


5 


250 


2.0 


Xanthorrhoeaceae 








2 


1 




3 


15 


20.0 


Xyridaceae 






3 


3 


12 


1 


19 


200 


9.5 


Zannichelliaceae 










1 




1 


8 


13.3 


Zingiberaceae 


1 


1 


4 


4 


31 


36 


76 


1,000 


7.6 


Zosteraceae 










1 




1 


18 


5.6 


TOTAL 


95 


73 


1,399 


1,656 


2,592 


926 


6,646 


63,611 


10.4 






















GRAND TOTAL 


380 


371 


6,522 


7,951 


14,505 


4,070 


33,418 


242,013 


13.8 



' Total number threatened includes EX/E, E, V, R and 1 but excludes Ex. 

-xliv- 



Table 9 

Vascular plant families listed with at least 50% of their species threatened^ 



Taxon^ 


Family 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total no. 
threatened' 


No. 
species 


% threatened 


D 


Brunelliaceae 






29 


19 


9 




57 


62 


91.9 


G4 


Zamiaceae 


2 




39 


50 


36 


3 


128 


144 


88.9 


G2 


Araucariaceae 






5 


11 


13 


1 


30 


38 


78.9 


02 


Taxaceae 






4 


7 


3 


I 


15 


20 


75.0 


D 


Limnanthaceae 






2 


3 


3 




8 


11 


72.7 


02 


Cephalotaxaceae 






1 


3 




1 


5 


7 


71.4 


D 


Penaeaceae 






1 


3 


10 




14 


20 


70.0 


D 


Trigoniaceae 






7 


5 


5 




17 


26 


65.4 


02 


Taxodiaceae 






2 


4 


4 




10 


16 


62.5 


D 


Calycanthaceae 






1 


1 


1 




3 


5 


60.0 


D 


Meliosmaceae 






6 


3 


6 


1 


16 


27 


59.3 


04 


Cycadaceae 


1 




5 


11 


4 




20 


35 


57.1 


02 


Podocarpaceae 






5 


28 


33 


4 


70 


125 


56.0 


02 


Pinaceae 






17 


50 


62 


4 


133 


250 


53.2 


D 


Chrysobalanaceae 






80 


54 


86 


5 


225 


450 


50.0 


D 


Hoplestigmataceae 












1 


1 


2 


50.0 


F 


Loxsomataceae 






1 


1 






2 


4 


50.0 


D 


Roridulaceae 










1 




1 


2 


50.0 


M 


Ruscaceae 








2 


2 




4 


8 


50.0 


D 


Tovariaceae 








1 






1 


2 


50.0 



' Excluding monotypic families: Alzataceae, Bretschneideraceae, Calectasiaceae, Davidsoniaceae, Degeneriaceae, 
Eucommiaceae, Geissolomataceae, Ginkgoaceae, Gomortegaceae, Halopytaceae, Idiospermaceae, Lactoridaceae, 
Leitneriaceae, Medusagynaceae, Medusandraceae, Pellicieraceae, Rhoipteleaceae, Rhynchocalyc^ceae, 
Stangeriaceae. 

" Major taxa: D: Dicotyledons; F: Fems; 02 Pinopsida; 04 Cycadopsida; M Monocotyledons. 

^ Total number threatened includes Ex/E, E,s V, R and 1 but excludes Ex. 



Table 10 

Number of families and genera containing globally threatened vascular plants for 

each lUCN Red List Category 





World Total 


Ex 


Ex/E 


E 


V 


R 


I 


Total' 


Families 


511^ 


103 


89 


267 


289 


326 


235 


369 


Genera 


21,900' 


297 


227 


2,146 


2,459 


3,532 


1,612 


5,555 



' Total figures are not simply summations of Ex, Ex/E, E, V, R and 1, but the total number of families or genera listed 

which contain threatened species. 
^ Brummitt(1992). 
' Approximate figure - mainly following Cronquist (1981). 



-xlv- 



It is interesting to note wliicii families have the 
highest percentage of threatened species. Ex- 
cluding nineteen monotypic families with one 
threatened species (and therefore 1 00% threatened), 
20 families are listed with at least 50% of their 
species threatened (see Table 9). Of these, eight 
are gymnosperms. The prominence of the gymno- 
sperms may be due to the fact that they are a 
well-known and relatively small group, and 
substantial effort has been made to assess their 
conservation status. At the same time, the gymno- 
sperms include many species that are widely 
exploited both for timber and horticultural purposes, 
which has lead to decreasing populations. Also, 
gymnosperms are an ancient group of species, and 
may not be adapting well to the rapidly changing 
times that we live in. In contrast, the ferns as a group 
appear to face relatively low levels of threat. This 
may be due in part to the fact that fern spores travel 
relatively easily with the result that many species are 
widely distributed. At the same time, many fern 
species have not been included due to incomplete 
conservation assessments and complicated taxo- 
nomic issues. 

Threatened species are distributed throughout the 
plant kingdom. Table 10 shows the number of 



families and genera which contain threatened taxa, 
by lUCN category. Families not represented on this 
list (c. 42 families) are mostly very small, com- 
prising less than ten species. Thus it can be clearly 
stated that about a quarter of the estimated number 
of genera of vascular plants contain threatened taxa. 



Plant extinctions 

One surprising figure in this book is the relatively 
low number of species which are recorded as having 
become Extinct in the wild: 380 species, plus 371 
species listed as Ex/E (see Table 8). Given the often 
quoted predictions in the popular and scientific press 
of extremely high extinction rates, the numbers in 
this book will seem very low. While this may in part 
be due to lack of data and the fact that plant 
extinctions have only been recently recorded, at the 
same time it may be that we are still at the brink of a 
far more serious wave of extinction. The grim 
statistic that at least 6,522 species are Endangered, 
and that these are likely to join the Extinct list in the 
near future, should be taken as a warning that the 
situation will get far worse unless vastly increased 
conservation action is taken now. 



-xlvi- 



Global Red Lists - where next? 



Throughout the history of the Threatened Plants 
Database, datasets have been provided, either as 
hard copy, or more recently in electronic format, in 
support of plant conservation initiatives world- 
wide. By putting data on nationally threatened 
plants into a global context, regional in situ and ex 
situ conservation needs become more apparent. 
These demand a range of solutions, from the 
development of protected areas systems (lUCN, 
1992) to safeguard whole populations, to the 
development of cuhivation techniques for plants 
that are already extinct in the wild. Increasingly, 
botanic garden living collection policies focus on 
plants of conservation importance (lUCN & BGCS, 
1989). In many cases, the living collections of 
botanic gardens contain large numbers of threatened 
and extinct species. The Royal Botanic Garden 
Edinburgh for example has 1387 such taxa alive in 
its collections (Walter et al., 1995). In addition, 
botanic gardens are now undertaking activities that 
bridge the gap between in situ and ex situ 
conservation, with the living collections being used 
as source material for reintroduction programmes 
(Atkinson e/ a/., 1995; Bramwell, 1991). 

The large demand for the data needed to underpin 
these activities made provision of information in 
book format a clear objective, in particular to ensure 
the data are accessible to as many people as possible. 
Also, by publishing the information in this book, a 
record of what is known in 1997 is provided, a view 
that will inevitably become quickly outdated as 



further conservation information is gathered and as 
conservation activities take place. 

The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
provides a snapshot of the Threatened Plants 
Database maintained by WCMC as it stood on 22 
May 1997. Global databases must be kept 
constantly updated so as to make new knowledge 
accessible as rapidly as possible. 

Data continue to be incorporated at WCMC on a 
daily basis, to keep pace with the data produced 
world wide. A joint WCMC/SSC project on the 
conservation and sustainable use of trees will 
include the production of a world list of threatened 
trees following the 1994 lUCN Categories of threat 
(see Appendix I). Work is also underway in many 
SSC Specialist Groups to update the threat category 
of their respective taxa. New and active members of 
these Groups are always welcome, and should 
contact the SSC Plants Officer at lUCN. Funding 
permitting, a global list of threatened plants 
following the 1994 lUCN Categories will be 
produced. This will provide an important 
component of the Biodiversity Conservation 
Information System (BCIS), a consortium of 
organisations including lUCN and WCMC whose 
mission includes the provision of data to support 
environmentally sound decision-making and actions 
affecting the status of biodiversity. 



-xlvii- 



Appendix I 
lUCN Red List Categories 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants is 
based on the pre- 1994 lUCN Categories, drawn up 
by the lUCN Species Survival Commission. These 
have since been revised (lUCN, 1994). Subsequent 
listings will be made using the 1994 Categories and 
criteria. Details of both systems are given below. 

lUCN Red List Categories as used 
in this List (pre-1994) 

EXTINCT (Ex) 

Taxa not definitely located in the wild during the 

past 50 years. 

EXTINCT/ENDANGERED (Ex/E) 

Taxa that are suspected of having recently become 
Extinct. 

ENDANGERED (E) 

Taxa in danger of extinction and whose survival is 
unlikely if the causal factors continue operating. 
Included are taxa whose numbers have been reduced 
to a critical level or whose habitats have been so 
drastically reduced that they are deemed to be in 
immediate danger of extinction. Also included are 
taxa that may be extinct but have definitely been 
seen in the wild in the past 50 years. 

VULNERABLE (V) 

Taxa believed likely to move into the 'Endangered' 
category in the near fiiture if the causal factors 
continue operating. Included are taxa of which most 
or all the populations are decreasing because of 
over-exploitation, extensive destruction of habitat 
or other environmental disturbance; taxa with 
populations that have been seriously depleted and 
whose ultimate security has not yet been assured; 
and taxa with populations that are still abundant but 
are under threat from severe adverse factors 
throughout their range. 

RARE(R) 

Taxa with small world populations that are not at 
present 'Endangered' or 'Vulnerable', but are at 
risk. These taxa are usually localised within 
restricted geographical areas or habitats or are thinly 
scattered over a more extensive range. 



INDETERMINATE (I) 

Taxa that are known to be Endangered, Vulnerable 
or Rare but where there is not enough information to 
say which of the three categories is appropriate. 

The word 'threatened' has no official definition 
within the lUCN Red List Categories; it is generally 
understood, however, to include taxa that are 
Endangered, Vulnerable, Rare or Indeterminate. It 
should not be confused with the use of the same term 
by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and in other 
countries, where it has a legal definition. 

Additional categories recoided in the Threatened 
Plants Database, but excluded from this list, 
comprise: nt (not threatened), ? (no information), O 
(out of danger), K (insufficiently known). 

1994 lUCN Red List Categories 

EXTINCT (EX) 

A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt 

that the last individual has died. 

EXTINCT IN THE WILD (EW) 
A taxon is Extinct in the wild when it is known only 
to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a 
naturalised population (or populations) well outside 
the past range. A taxon is presumed Extinct in the 
Wild when exhaustive surveys in known and/or 
expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, 
seasonal, annual), throughout its historic range have 
failed to record an individual. Surveys should be 
over a time frame appropriate to the taxon's life 
cycle and life form. 

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (CR) 

A taxon is Critically Endangered when it is facing an 
extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the 
immediate future, as defined by any of the criteria 
(A to E) on pages I and li. 

ENDANGERED (EN) 

A taxon is Endangered when it is not Critically 
Endangered but is facing a very high risk of 
extinction in the wild in the near future, as defined 
by any of the criteria (A to E) on page li. 



-il- 



VULNERABLE (VU) 

A taxon is Vulnerable when it is not Critically 
Endangered or Endangered but is facing a high risk 
of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future, 
as defined by any of the criteria (A to E) on page Hi. 

LOWER RISK (LR) 

A taxon is Lower Risk when it has been evaluated, 
does not satisfy the criteria for any of the categories 
Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable. 
Taxa included in the Lower Risk category can be 
separated into three subcategories: 

1. Conservation Dependent (cd). Taxa which 
are the focus of a continuing ta.xon-specific or 
habitat-specific conservation programme 
targeted towards the taxon in question, the 
cessation of which would result in the taxon 
qualifying for one of the threatened 
categories above within a period of five years. 

2. Near Threatened (nt). Taxa which do not 
qualify for Conservation Dependent, but 
which are close to qualifying for Vulnerable. 

3. Least Concern (Ic). Taxa which do not 
qualify for Conservation Dependent or Near 
Threatened. 

DATA DEFICIENT (DD) 

A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate 
information to make a direct, or indirect, assessment 
of its risk of extinction based on its distribution 
and/or population status. A taxon in this category 
may be well studied, and its biology well known, but 
appropriate data on abundance and/or distribution 
are lacking. Data Deficient is therefore not a 
category of threat or Lower Risk. Listing of taxa in 
this category indicates that more information is 
required and acknowledges the possibility that 
fiiture research will show that threatened 
classification is appropriate. It is important to make 
positive use of whatever data are available. In many 
cases great care should be exercised in choosing 
between DD and threatened status. If the range of a 
taxon is suspected to be relatively circumscribed, if 
a considerable period of time has elapsed since the 
last record of the taxon, threatened status may well 
be justified. 

NOT EVALUATED (NE) 

A taxon is Not Evaluated when it is has not yet been 
assessed against the criteria. 



THE CRITERIA FOR CRITICALLY 
ENDANGERED, ENDANGERED AND 
VULNERABLE 

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (CR) 

A taxon is Critically Endangered when it is facing an 
extremely high risk of extinction in the wild in the 
immediate future, as defined by any of the following 
criteria (A to E): 

A) Population reduction in the form of either 
of the following: 

1 . An observed, estimated, inferred or suspected 
reduction of at least 80% over the last 10 
years or three generations, whichever is the 
longer, based on (and specifying) any of the 
following: 

a) direct observation 

b) an index of abundance appropriate for 
the taxon 

c) a decline in area of occupancy, extent of 
occurrence and/or qualify of habitat 

d) actual or potential levels of exploitation 

e) the effects of introduced taxa, 
hybridisation, pathogens, pollutants, 
competitors or parasites. 

2. A reduction of at least 80%, projected or 
suspected to be met within the next 10 years 
or three generations, whichever is the longer, 
based on (and specifying) any of (b), (c), (d) 
or (e) above. 

B) Extent of occurrence estimated to be less 
than 100km or area of occupancy 
estimated to be less than lOkm^, and 
estimates indicating' any two of the 
following: 

1 . Severely fragmented or known to exist at only 
a single location. 

2. Continuing decline, observed, inferred or 
projected, in any of the following 

a) extent of occurrence 

b) area of occupancy 

c) area, extent and/or qualify of habitat 

d) number of locations or sub-populations 

e) number of mature individuals. 



3. Extreme fluctuations in any of the following: 

a) extent of occurrence 

b) area of occupancy 

c) number of locations or subpopulations 

d) number of mature individuals. 

C) Population estimated to number less than 
250 mature individuals and either: 

1. An estimated continuing decline of at least 
25% within three years or one generation, 
whichever is longer or 

2. A continuing decline, observed, projected, or 
inferred, in numbers of mature individuals 
and population structure in the form of either: 

a) severely fragmented (i.e. No sub- 
population estimated to contain more than 
50 mature individuals) 

b) all individuals are in a single sub- 
population. 

D) Population estimated to number less than 
50 mature individuals. 

E) Quantitative analysis showing the 
probability of extinction in the wild is at 
least 50% within 10 years or three 
generations, whichever is the longer. 

ENDANGERED (EN) 

A taxon is Endangered when it is not Critically 
Endangered but is facing a very high risk of 
extinction in the wild in the near future, as defined 
by any of the following criteria (A to E): 

A) Population reduction in the form of either 
of the following: 

1 . An observed, estimated, inferred or suspected 
reduction of at least 50% over the last 10 
years or three generations, whichever is the 
longer, based on (and specifying) any of the 
following: 

a) direct observation 

b) an index of abundance appropriate for the 
taxon 

c) a decline in area of occupancy, extent of 
occurrence and/or quality of habitat 

d) actual or potential levels of exploitation 

e) the effects of introduced taxa, 
hybridisation, pathogens, pollutants, 
competitors or parasites. 



2. A reduction of at least 50%, projected or 
suspected to be met within the next 1 years 
or three generations, whichever is the longer, 
based on (and specifying) any of (b), (c), (d), 
or (e) above. 

B) Extent of occurrence estimated to be less 
than 5000km or area of occupancy 
estimated to be less than 500km^, and 
estimates indicating any two of the 
following: 

1 . Severely fragmented or known to exist at no 
more than five locations. 

2. Continuing decline, inferred, observed or 
projected, in any of the following: 

a) extent of occurrence 

b) area of occupancy 

c) area, extent and/or quality of habitat 

d) number of locations or sub-populations 

e) numberof mature individuals. 

3. Extreme fluctuations in any of the following: 

a) extent of occurrence 

b) area of occupancy 

c) number of locations or sub-populations 

d) numberof mature individuals. 

C) Population estimated to number less than 
2500 mature individuals and either: 

1 . An estimated continuing decline of at least 
20% within five years or two generations, 
whichever is longer, or 

2. A continuing decline, observed, projected, or 
inferred, in numbers of mature individuals 
and population structure in the form of either: 

a) severely fragmented (i.e. No sub- 
population estimated to contain more than 
250 mature individuals) 

b) all individuals are in a single sub- 
population. 

D) Population estimated to number less than 
250 mature individuals. 

E) Quantitative analysis showing the proba- 
bility of extinction in the wild is at least 
10% within 100 years. 



-li- 



VULNERABLE (VU) 

A taxon is Vulnerable when it is not Critically 
Endangered or Endangered but is facing a high risk 
of extinction in the wild in the medium-term future, 
as defined by any of the following criteria (A to E): 

A) Population reduction in the form of either 
of the following: 

1 . An observed, estimated, inferred or suspected 
reduction of at least 20% over the last 10 
years or three generations, whichever is the 
longer, based on (and specifying) any of the 
following: 

a) direct observation 

b) an index of abundance appropriate for 
the taxon 

c) a decline in area of occupancy, extent of 
occurrence and/or quality of habitat 

d) actual or potential levels of exploitation 

e) the effects of introduced taxa, 
hybridisation, pathogens, pollutants, 
competitors or parasites. 

2. A reduction of at least 20%, projected or 
suspected to be met within the next ten years 
or three generations, whichever is the longer, 
based on (and specifying) any of (b), (c), (d) 
or (e) above. 

B) Extent of occurrence estimated to be less 
than 20,000km^ or area of occupancy 
estimated to be less than 2000km^, and 
estimates indicating any two of the 
following: 

1. Severely fragmented or known to exist at no 
more than ten locations. 

2. Continuing decline, inferred, observed or 
projected, in any of the following; 

a) extent of occurrence 

b) area of occupancy 

c) area, extent and/or quality of habitat 

d) number of locations or subpopulations 

e) number of mature individuals 

3. Extreme fluctuations in any of the following: 

a) extent of occurrence 

b) area of occupancy 

c) number of locations or subpopulations 



d) number of mature individuals 

C) Population estimated to number less than 
10,000 mature individuals and either: 

1 . An estimated continuing decline of at least 
10% within 10 years or three generations, 
whichever is longer, or 

2. A continuing decline, observed, projected, or 
inferred, in numbers of mature individuals 
and population structure in the form of either: 

a) severely fragmented (i.e. no sub- 
population estimated to contain more 
than 1 000 mature individuals) 

b) all individuals are in a single sub- 
population 

D) Population very small or restricted in the 
form of either of the following: 

1. Population estimated to number less than 
1000 mature individuals. 

2. Population is characterised by an acute 
restriction in its area of occupancy (typically 
less than lOOkm^) or in the number of 
locations (typically less than five). Such a 
taxon would thus be prone to the effects of 
human activities (or stochastic events whose 
impact is increased by human activities) 
within a very short period of time in an 
unforeseeable future, and is thus capable of 
becoming Critically Endangered or even 
Extinct in a very short period. 

E) Quantitative analysis showing the 
probability of extinction in the wild is at 
least 10% within 100 years. 

1. Population estimated to number less than 
1000 mature individuals. 

2. Population is characterised by an acute 
restriction in its area of occupancy (typically 
less than lOOkm^) or in the number of 
locations (typically less than five). Such a 
taxon would thus be prone to the effects of 
human activities (or stochastic events whose 
impact is increased by human activities) 
within a very short period of time in an 
unforeseeable future, and is thus capable of 
becoming Critically Endangered or even 
Extinct in a very short period. 



-Hi- 



Appendix II 
Threatened Plants Database management 



Plant data are managed at WCMC using BG-BASE, 
a variable-length field, relational database manage- 
ment system built using Advanced Revelation, and 
widely adopted by botanical institutions throughout 
the world. The database is externally dynamic with 
over 100 changes and additions made per day; all 
records are date-stamped and initialled so that 
changes to records can be easily tracked. Full-word, 
partial-word, and phonetic searches are available to 
streamline data entry and retrieval. 

Managing plant data on a global scale is a 
complex task, especially given the range of diverse 
uses that the database serves at WCMC, for 
instance, production of the plant data are found in 
the Checklist of CITES Species (WCMC, 1996) and 
World Plani Bibliography {Anon, 1990/ Therefore, 
the database management system used is large and 
incorporates many more features than would be 
necessary simply to produce this list. For maximum 
efficiency, BG-BASE data are managed in a series of 
database tables (or files) whose constituent records 
are related to one another through shared fields. 
BG-BASE has over 4,200 fields spread across 
approximately 200 database files, of which WCMC 
uses a relatively small percentage. The major 
BG-BASE tables used by WCMC are shown below. 

Bibliographic information 

When plant information is received by WCMC, the 
first step taken is to create a data source record in the 
DS table (19,076 records) for that information. 
These data source records are mostly books, journal 
articles, proceedings, and other published work, but 
they can also be conversations, and annotations 
made to WCMC lists, etc. The location of each data 
source is coded so that it may be found quickly; full 
citation details can be output as camera-ready 
bibliographies. The key field in this table is DS. 
NUM, the number shown throughout this book and 
in the DATA SOURCES section following the main 
list. 

Taxon information 

The Threatened Plants Database already contains 
information on nearly half of all known vascular 
plants. When "new" taxa are added, a record is 



created in the NAMES table, which handles 
information on the scientific name, common names, 
and languages and synonymy. Accepted names and 
synonyms are linked and indexed together so that 
any name searched for, automatically brings up all 
relevant records. 

If the nomenclatural and taxonomic status of a 
name has not been verified, the name is coded as 
"unchecked" (note such names have not been 
suppressed from this List). Information about the 
taxon's habit (tree, shrub, herbaceous, etc.) and uses 
(timber, wild crop relative, etc.) is also collected 
where possible. Selections of data from the 
NAMES table are periodically downloaded to BGCI 
allowing conservation audits of botanic gardens 
world-wide to be undertaken, an example of which 
is given in the Utrecht University catalogue of plant 
collections (Wollenberg et al., 1992). Further tables 
allow inventory data for protected areas to be stored 
(Murray e/ a/., 1992). 

Each NAMES record is linked to a record in the 
GENERA table, where records are in turn linked to 
the FAMILIES table. CITES information is stored 
in all three of these tables, as appropriate, depending 
on what taxonomic level is listed. 

Distribution information 

For each area of the world in which a plant is said to 
occur, a separate record is created in the 
DISTRIBUTIONS table. These records, besides 
holding pointers to the name of the plant and the 
name of the area (stored in the BRUs table), contain 
information on the geographic area to which the 
plant may be restricted, the data source for the 
distribution information, the conservation status 
(lUCN category and the status as given if the data 
source is not using FUCN Categories), and the data 
source for this conservation information. Other 
fields which exist but which are relatively 
infrequently used by WCMC include: number of 
individuals and/or populations of the taxon known 
to exist in the area, date(s) when the taxon was last 
seen in the area, threat(s) to the ta,xon in the area, 
legal status of the taxon in the area, presence in 
conservation areas, and habitats occupied by this 
taxon. Other fields used include Occurrence and 
Introduced flags, as specified in the POSS (Plant 



-liii- 



Occurrence Status Scheme) adopted by TDWG 
(Threatened Plants Unit, in press). All introduced 
records have been suppressed from this list. 

Further details on the structure of BG-BASE 
can be found on the Internet at http:// 



www.rbge.org.uk/bgbase. Examples of database 
records that were excluded from this list are 
shown in Table 12. 



Table 11 

Major tables used in the Threatened Plants Database 



Table 


No. records 


Table contents 


NAMES 


139,719 


Information on scientific names of species and infraspecies (broken into 30 
fields in order to be compatible with standards for storing scientific names of 
both naturally occurring and cultivated plants, see Walter et ai, 1995), data 
source(s) for name, status of the name (accepted, invalid, orthographic variant, 
synonym, pro parte synonym, sensu synonym, not found in literature, 
tentatively accepted name, unchecked names), synonymy (multiple alternate 
names/synonyms can be linked to an accepted name), data source for the 
synonymy, vernacular names (as many as necessary, including language and 
data source), global lUCN conservation staUis, TNC global rank, presence on 
CITES Appendices (if listed at the species or infraspecies level), habit (tree, 
shrub, vine/liana, herbaceous, succulent etc.), use, and a flag for 
complete/incomplete distribution. By links to the GENERA table, fiill 
upper-level taxonomic information is available to each NAMES record. There 
are index links from the DISTRIBUTIONS table that allow instant queries on 
all distributions of a taxon. 


DISTRIBUTIONS 


191,100 


Information on distribution (at BRU level 3 or 4, see Table 3), free-text area 
qualifier specifying area(s) in the BRU to which the taxon is restricted, 
introduced flag, occurrence flag, data source for disfribution information, flag 
for existence of a distribution map in that data source, local threat status, data 
source for threat status, status as given (for storing non-IUCN threat status 
categories), numbers of individuals and/or populations known of this taxon in 
this BRU, date taxon was last seen in this BRU, threats to the taxon in this BRU, 
legal status of this taxon in this BRU, protected areas within this BRU in which 
the taxon occurs (linked to the WCMC Protected Areas database of 40,000 
records), habitat types occupied by this taxon in this BRU, and general data 
sources concerning this taxon in this BRU. 


DATA SOURCES 


19,076 


Information on the published and unpublished sources of information for data 
in all other tables; fields include type of data source (book, journal article, 
chapter in book, unpublished, etc.), author(s), publication date(s), title, subtitle, 
journal name, volume, number, pages, publisher, place of publication, citation 
notes, location of reference, language of reference and of absfract, relevance 
codes, countries mentioned, families mentioned, genera mentioned, species 
mentioned, abstract, accuracy of citation, and access type. Bibliographies 
published from this include Anon. (1990) and Atkinson et ai, (1995). 


GENERA 


27,101 


Information on all genera of vascular plants and many non-vascular plants; 
fields include genus, author, family placement (link to FAMILIES table), 
synonymy, status of the name (as under NAMES above), presence on CITES 
Appendices (if listed at the generic level). 


FAMILIES 


956 


Family statistics (number of genera, number of species, number of threatened 
species), as well as global range are also stored here. Information on all 
vascular plant families and many non-vascular families; fields include family, 
preferred name (for family pairs such as Asteraceae/Compositae), major taxon, 
synonymy, vernacular name, number of species, number of genera, 
disfribution, and phylogenetic placement according to various systems of 
classification. 



-liv- 



Table 


No. records 


Table contents 


COUNTRIES 


243 


Information on all countries of the world, including international abbreviation 
(see ISO, 1993). English name, official name, synonyms, land area, size of flora 
(numbers of pteridophytes, gymnosperms, angiosperms, and vascular plants, 
along with corresponding data sources), number and percent of endemic plant 
species along with corresponding data sources. Although BG-BASE does not 
code distributions at the country level, country-level queries can be done 
through calculations automatically performed by the BRUS table. 


BRUs 


1076 


Information on all Biological Recording Units (see Table 3) including fields for 
level (1-4), level 1^ codes and names (for tracking hierarchical nesting), BRU 
name, political name, English name, French name, German name, Spanish 
name, keyword (for spelling variants), land area, latitude/longitude, sorting 
order (for sorting the distributions under a taxon in this List). There are index 
links from the DISTRIBUTIONS table that allow instant queries for all taxa 
within a BRU. 



Table 12 Type of data records suppressed from the Red List 



Type of data suppressed 


Rationale 


Fungi and non-vascular plants 


The amount and quality of the data for fungi and non-vascular plants groups 
such as bryophytes and lichens in the Threatened Plants Database, while 
substantial, are not yet adequate to give a reasonable global overview. 


Synonyms, unpublished, invalid, 
and doubtful names 


Lack of space prevents the inclusion of synonyms in this list. 


Taxa lacking threat status in one 
or more countries 


Since WCMC does not assign a global threat category to plants without 
knowing the category within each area where the plant is native, such 
information cannot be included in this list. 

Special exceptions: Data provided by TNC (data sources 20850 and 20883), 
flagged as globally threatened, but with a ? at the national level have been 
treated as a special case, and are included (see Appendix III). 


Taxa for which complete 
distribution is not known 


Since WCMC does not assign a global threat status until the full distribution of a 
taxon has been ascertained, taxa for which a complete distribution is not yet 
available caimot be included, c. 14,000 additional records may have appeared as 
part of this book if this rule had been relaxed. 


Distribution records where the 
taxon was introduced or assumed 
to be introduced 


WCMC holds data on introduced as well as native plants; however, such 
introduced plants fall outside the scope of the lUCN Red Data Book categories 
used in this List, and were therefore suppressed. 



-Iv- 



Appendix III 
The Nature Conservancy and Wildlife Australia 

status ranks 



Interpretation of The Nature 
Conservancy status ranks 

The single largest outside data set contributed to this 
project derived from The Nature Conservancy 
(USA), which provided status and distribution data 
for approximately 1 1,000 globally threatened plants 
of the United States, Canada, and Latin America 
(TNC, 1996a; TNC, 1996b). The conservation 
status of each plant was assessed using the ranking 
system developed by TNC and its collaborators in 
the Natural Heritage and Conservation Data Center 
Network. Since these TNC status ranks were 
developed independently of and differ from the 
lUCN threat categories used in this publication, a 
conversion protocol was developed for their 
translation to lUCN Categories and incorporation 
into this publication. 

Over the past twenty years TNC has helped 
establish a network of Natural Heritage Programs 
and Conservation Data Centers based in more than 
85 state and national agencies and private 
organisations throughout the western hemisphere. 
Consistent methods for the assessment and 
documentation of species status have been 
developed for use in the biodiversity inventory and 
information management activities of these centres. 
These conservation status ranks provide an 
approximation of the risk of extinction for a 
particular taxon. As indicated in Table 13 below, 
rarity, as measured by number and size of 
populations or occurrences, is a principal extinction 
risk factor used in assessing status, but other criteria 
also considered include breadth of overall 
distribution, known population trends, and known 
and inferred threats (Master, 1991). The TNC 
conservation status ranking system follows a 
one-through-five scale, ranging from critically 
imperilled (Gl) to demonstrably secure (G5); extinct 
or possibly extinct species are tracked 
independently (Stein etai, 1995; Stein & Chipley, 
1996). This one-through-five ranking is applied at 
global (i.e., range-wide), national, and sub-national 
(i.e., state or provincial) levels, indicated by the 
prefix G, N, or S. 



Assigning status ranks is a collaborative effort 
shared by TNC and the Natural Heritage Programs 
(NHP) and Conservation Data Centers (CDC). In 
general, sub-national and national status is assessed 
and documented by the relevant state or national 
data centre; with assessment of global status 
co-ordinated by TNC based on national and 
sub-national ranks and other information. While 
ranks are developed in a decentralised network 
arrangement, a summary of the current global, 
national, and sub-national ranks is maintained by 
TNC in the Natural Heritage Central Database 
(NHCD) at its Arlington, Virginia headquarters. 

Information sources used by TNC, NHP, and 
CDC biologists to assess species status include 
herbarium collections, published reports in the 
scientific literature, other documented sightings, 
targeted field inventories, and population censuses. 
Distribution data in the NHCD derive from a variety 
of sources. For the United States and Canada, much 
of the state and province-level distribution data have 
been developed by the Biota of North America 
Program of the North Carolina Botanical Garden. 
For Latin America, major sources for national and 
province-level distribution data include the Flora 
Neotropica monograph series, and electronic 
databases of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 

To contribute to this publication, the NHCD was 
queried for all plant taxa with global ranks of G3 
(globally vulnerable) or rarer. National and 
sub-national distributions and status ranks for these 
1 1 ,000 taxa were then output for transfer to WCMC 
and incorporation into its Threatened Plants 
Database. Within the NHCD, the rank of a 
particular taxon maybe expressed as a range (e.g., 
G2G3), indicating uncertainty about the plant's 
conservation status; for this publication, such "range 
ranks" were converted to a single rank value 
according to an algorithm developed for this 
purpose. The original TNC ranks were stored in 
BG-BASE, and the TNC ranks were then converted 
by WCMC to the lUCN threat categories used in this 
publication according to the protocol described in 
Table 13. 



-Ivii- 



Table 13 

Conversion of TNC ranks to lUCN Categories 



TNC category'"^ 


Deflnition 


lUCN equivalent 


GX, NX, SX 


presumed extinct (not located despite extensive searches) 


Ex 


GH, NH, SH 


historical occurrence (still some hope of discovery) 


Ex/E 


Gl.Nl.Sl 


critically imperilled (typically five or fewer occurrences or 
1 ,000 or fewer individuals) 


E 


G2,N2,S2 


imperilled (typically six to twenty occurrences or 1,000-3,000 
individuals) 


V 


G3, N3, S3 


vutaerable (rare; typically 21 to 100 occurrences or 3,000 to 
10,000 individuals) 


R 


NR,SR 

N?,S? 


Recorded within nation or state, but local status not available; 
when combined with global rank of Gl to G3, local status is 
given in this book as Indeterminate 


I 


G4, N4, S4 


Apparently secure (uncommon but not rare; some cause for 
long-term concern, usually more than 100 occurrences and 
10,000 individuals) 


(not transferred) 


05, N5, S5 


Secure (common, widespread and abundant) 


(not transferred) 



' "G" codes refer to rankings made at the global level; "N" codes refer to rankings made at a national level; and "S" codes 
refer to rankings made at the sub-regional level (US state, Canadian province, or similar units). 

^ See Stein etal, 1995; Stein and Chipley, 1996. 

' TNC ranks of 4 and 5 generally do not imply priorities for conservation concern, and do not correspond to any of the 
RJCN threatened categories (see Appendix III); therefore, they were not included in this data transfer. 

'' TNC ranks of NE are excluded from this list. These indicate exotic plants. 



Interpretation of Wildlife Australia 
status ranks 



Data for approximately 5,000 taxa of Australian 
native plants (of a total national vascular flora of c. 
18,000-20,000) were compiled for a revision of 
Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - ROTAP 
(Briggs & Leigh, 1996). The list included a number 
of undescribed taxa for which it was possible to 
assign a conservation ranking, but these have been 
omitted from this publication. However, their 
inclusion in ROTAP as a conservation tool for 
Australia is essential as many of these may be under 
imminent threat and deserve as much attention as do 
described taxa. 

The national list of Australian plants at risk was 
first compiled in 1981 for the Australian National 
Parks and Wildlife Service. Revisions of that list 



were published in 1988 and 1996. Rare or 
Threatened Australian Plants (ROTAP) had no legal 
status, but the early editions were the only nationally 
recognised threatened plants list at that time. In 
1993 the Australian and New Zealand Environment 
and Conservation Council (ANZECC) issued a list, 
based on ROTAP, that was endorsed by all of 
Australia's state and territory conservation 
agencies. In 1 992 the Commonwealth of Australia 
proclaimed the Endangered Species Protection Act 
and a schedule to the Act included a version of 
ROTAP and the ANZECC plants list. 

In 1996 responsibility for maintenance of the 
national list of threatened plants was taken by the 
Threatened Species and Communities Section of 
Wildlife Australia, within the federal environment 
department. Details of threatened Australian plants 
will be compiled as the National Threatened Flora 
Database and will be endorsed by ANZECC 



-Iviii- 



agencies. Whilst this list will have no legal status it 
will be used as a basis for entries to the schedules of 
the Endangered Species Protection Act. 

ROTAP uses a binary coding system developed 
and refined over several years but based on the 
lUCN Categories used in this List. While the 
ROTAP codes X, E, V, R, and K use definitions 
close to those of the lUCN Categories, the ROTAP 
system uses other indicators to supply additional 
information to users of the list. For example, the 
ROTAP code for Dawinia collina is 2VCit. This 
indicates that this plant is Vulnerable (V), that its 
geographic range is less than 1 00km (2), that there is 
at least one population reserved in a national park or 
other protected area (C), that fewer than 1 ,000 plants 



are known to occur within the reserve (i) and that the 
total known population is conserved (t). A full 
discussion of these terms may be found in Briggs & 
Leigh (1996). In this Red List only the 'top level' 
codes for Australian taxa are used. 

It should be noted that each of Australia's states 
and territories compiles lists of threatened taxa 
based on state boundaries. These state lists are used 
in the compilation of the national ROTAP list. 
Thus, a plant that grows in more than one state may 
be classed as Endangered in one state and 
Vulnerable in another state, but on a national 
assessment the plant may be rated Vulnerable. 
Within the Australian context the state and national 
lists are complementary. 



-lix- 



References 



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732pp. 

Collar, N.J. 1996. The reasons for Red Data Books. 
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Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of 
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UK. 283pp. 



Falk, D.A., Olwell, M. & Millar, C. 1996. 
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Hilton-Taylor, C. 1996. Red Data List of Southern 
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Hollis, S. & Brummitt, R.K (eds). 1992. World 
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lUCN & BGCS, 1989. The Botanic Gardens 
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-Ixi- 



lUCN, UNEP & WWF. 1 99 1 . Caring for the Earth. 
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Master, L.L. 1991. Assessing threats and setting 
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1 06pp. (unpublished) 

Olson, D. Dinerstein, E, Castro, G. and Maravi, E. 
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Stein, B.A., Master, L.L., Morse, L.E., Kutner, L.S. 
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E.T. LaRoe, G.S. Farris, C.E. Puckett, P.D. 
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Threatened Plants Committee Secretariat. 1981. 
How to Use the lUCN Red Data Book 
Categories. Threatened Plants Committee, Kew, 
UK. 9pp. 



Threatened Plants Unit. In press. Plant Occurrence 
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International Working Group on Taxonomic 
Databases for Plant Sciences. 26pp. (also 
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http://www.wcmc.org.uk/poss). 

TNC. 1996a. Natural Heritage Central Database. 
(Status and distribution data on North American 
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Association for Biodiversity Information, U.S. 
and Canadian Natural Heritage Programs and 
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Botanical Garden Biota of North America 
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TNC. 1996b. Natural Heritage Central Database. 
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Walter, K.S., et al. 1995. Catalogue of Plants 
Growing at the Royal Botanic Garden 
Edinburgh. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 
Edinburgh, UK. 477pp. 

WCMC. 1996. Checklist of CITES Species. A 
Reference to the Appendices to the Convention 
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Wild Fauna and Flora. CITES Secretariat and 
World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 
Geneva, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 
400pp. 

Wollenberg, B.J.W. van den, Tolsma, J., Vos, J., 
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Utrecht University' Catalogue of Plant 
Collections. Botanic Gardens, Utrecht, The 
Netherlands, 548pp. 

WWF & lUCN. 1994-7. Centres of Plant Diversity. 
A Guide and Strategy for Their Conservation. 3 
volumes. lUCN Publications Unit, Cambridge, 
UK. 



-Ixii- 



1997 lUCN Red List of 

Threatened 

Plants 



Navigating the list 



This Red List provides data on globally threatened vascular plants, airanged in the following order: 
Fern allies • Lycopodiopsida 

True ferns • Pteridopsida 

Gymnospenns • Ginkopsida (Ginkgo) 

• Cycadopsida (cycads) 

• Gnetopsida (gnetophytes) 

• Pinopsida (conifers), 
Angiosperms • Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons) 

• LiUopsida (monocotyledons) 
Within each of these major taxa, families are hsted alphabetically. 

Example of a record 

[with corresponding description] 
Cycadopsida 

[Major taxon] 

Zamiaceae 

[Fainily] 

Number of genera: 8 

Number of species : 144 

Recorded threatened species: 12 8 (88%) 
Africa; Australia; America 

[Geographic Range] 



E 



[global 
threat status] 



[CITES 

listing where 

relevant] 



Ceratozamia euryphylUdia 
Vazquez-Torres, Sabato & D. Stevenson 

[Scientific name and authority] 



20883, 11119 



[data source(s) for 
scientific name] 



[local 
threat 
status] 



20016 

[data source 

for local 
threat status] 



Mexico - Veracruz 

[distribution] 



20016 

[distribution 
data source] 



Please see introduction for fuller explanations. 



-Ixjv- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 



Lycopodiopsida 
Isoetaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Temperate and tropical. 



1-2 

77-80 
39 



(49%) 



Isoetes alcalophila Halloy 16336 
E 20176 Argentina • Tucuman 20/76 

Isoetes andicola (Pfeiffer) L.D. Gomez 17371 
R I246S Peru I246i 

Isoetes asiatica (Maldno) Makino 5942 
E IISS2 Russia (Far East) • Kamchatka S942 
I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Kunlskye Is. 5942 
I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Primorye 5942 
I 5942 Russia (Far East) ■ Sakhalin 5942 
I 19216 China (Mongolia) 19216 
R 11163 Japan IJI63 

Isoetes azorica Durieu ex MUde 12032. 201 71 

E 19216 Portugal ■ Azores 12032 
Isoetes beringensis Komarov 5942 

I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Kamchatka (Komandorskije) 

5942 

Isoetes bilaspurensis Panigr. 11350 

R 11350 India - Madhaya Pradesh 11350 

Isoetes bolanderi Engebn. 79002 

R 19850 Mexico 19SS0 
Isoetes boomii N.Luebke & W.C.Taylor 20S50 

E 20S50 U.S. - Georgia 20S50 
Isoetes boryana Durieu sooo. 20171 

V 2052S France (south-west coast) 20528 
Isoetes brochonii Moteley 8000. 20171 

R /92/6 France (east Pyrenees) 8000 
Isoetes capensis A.V.Duthie var. stephanseniae 

(A.V.Duthie) Scheipe & N.C.Anthony 20604 
I 20604 Soudi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Isoetes castillonii H.P.Fuchs 16336 

E 16336 Argentina 16336 
Isoetes dixitii Shende 11352 

Ex 11352 India - Maharashtra (Panchghani) 11352 
Isoetes elatior F.Muell. ex A.Braun 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

Isoetes escondidensis Halloy 16336 

E 16336 Argentina 16336 
Isoetes flaccida Shuttlw. ex A.Braun 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

Isoetes habbemensis Alston 19594 

R 792/6 Indonesia - irian Jaya 79594 
R 792/6 Papua New Guinea 19594 

Isoetes heldreichii Wettst. 8000. 20171 

V /92/6 Greece (Pindhios Mountains) SOOO 

Isoetes hieroglyphica A.A.Eat. 20850. 1448O 

E 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 

20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20850 

20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 

20850 Canada ■ (Juebec 20850 

20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 

20850 U.S. - Vermont 20850 

20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 



R Isoetes humilior F.Muell. ex A.Braun 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

V Isoetes lithophila N.E.Pfeiffer 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Isoetes louisianensis Thieret 20850. 14511 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Louisiana 20850 

E Isoetes malinvemiana Ces.&DeNoi. sooo. 20171 

E /826.» Italy (Piemonte & Lombardia) /9997 

R Isoetes melanotheca Alston 7926 

R Guinea 7926 

R Isoetes neoguineensis Baker 19594 

R /9276 Papua New Guinea 19594 

R Isoetes pallida Hickey /2007 

R 792/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 7200/ 

R Isoetes piedmontana (N.E.Pfeiffer) c.F.Reed 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Soudi Carolina 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

R Isoetes pringlei Underw. 9001 

R /9276 Mexico • Chiapas 900/ 

V Isoetes prototypus D.M.Britt. 20S50 

I 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 

R Isoetes rhodesiana Alston 7749 

R Zimbabwe 7749 

Ex Isoetes sampathkumamii L.N.Rao 11353 

Ex 11353 India - Kamataka 77J5J 
R Isoetes savatieri Francbet /6Ji6 

R /9.M8 Argenrina 2/i05 
R 21305 Chile 2/J05 

R Isoetes sinensis Palmer /76/7 

E /76/7 China - Anhui (Xiuning; Dongxi) /77i9 
E 776/7 China - Jiangsu (Nanjing) 11139 
E 776/7 China - Zhejiang 11139 
R 11163 Japan //76J 

R Isoetes spinulospora Jermy & Schelpe 

R Equatorial Guinea - Bioko 

R Isoetes stevensii Croft 7959< 

R /92/6 Papua New Guinea /959-< 
R Isoetes storkii Pahner 9034 

R 959J Costa Rica 9034 
R 792/6 Panama 777/4 

E Isoetes taiwanensis DeVol 2057/ 

E 2057/ Taiwan 205// 

E Isoetes tegetiformans Rury 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R Isoetes tenuifolia Jenny 6072 

R /92/6 Ghana 6072 
E Kenya 

R Isoetes velata A.Braun ssp. asturicense (MXainz) 

Rivas Mart. & Prada 20/7/ 
R 20874 Spain (Hercynian massif) 20874 

V Isoetes velata A.Braun ssp. tenuissima (Boreau) 

O.Bolos & Vigo 20/7/ 

V 20528 France (central) 20528 
E Isoetes wormaldii Sim 20604 

E 20604 Soudi Africa - Cape Province 20604 



-1- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Lycopodiopsida: Lycopodiaceae: Diphasiastrum 

Lycopodiaceae 

Number of genera: 4 

Number of species: 4 50-587 

Recorded threatened species: 2 3 (4%) 

Cosmopolitan. 

R Diphasiastrum madeirense (J.H.wuce) Holub 12032. 

20171 
R Portugal - Azores 12032 

R Portugal - Madeira 12032 

R Huperzia deminuens (Herter) B. OUg. 212S2 

R 2I2S2 Brazil 2I2S2 

R Huperzia eremorum (Rolleri) Holub 2/282 

R 21282 Colombia 2I2S2 

R Huperzia fuegiana (Roiv.)llolab 21305 

R 21305 Falkland Is. 2}305 
R 21305 Chile - Tierra del Fuego 21305 

V Huperzia lockyeri (D.Jones & B.Gray) Holub 2068/ 

V 2068/ Ausualia - Queensland 2068/ 

V Huperzia mannii (Hbd.) Kartesz & Gandhi 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Huperzia marsupiiformis (D.Jones & B.Gray) 

Holub 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

E Huperzia nutans (Brack.) Rothm. 20850. 14662 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Huperzia polytrichoides (Kaulfuss) Trevisan 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 208J0 
R Huperzia pruinosa (Herter) Holub 2/282 

R 2/282 Peru 21282 

R Huperzia regnellii (Maxon) B.oug. & 

P.G.Windisch 21282 

R 21282 Brazil - Minas Gerais 21282 
E Huperzia sulcinervia (Spring) Trevisan 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Lycopodiella limosa Chinnock 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V Lycopodiella margueriteae J.G.Bruce, W.H.Wagner & 

Beitel 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • Virginia 20850 

V Lycopodiella subappressa J.G.Bmce, W.H.Wagner & 

Beitel 20S50 
E 20850 U.S. - Indiana 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

I Lycopodium aberdaricum Chiov. 

I Kenya 

I Lycopodium axillare Roxb. /S997 

Ex/E /92/i Ascension Is. /92/J 

V /8997 St Helena 18997 
I Tnstan da Cunha 

I Lycopodium ceylanicum Spring 10251 

1 /6/62 Sri Lanka /025/ 

R Lycopodium chonoticum PhiUppi 5595 

R 19534 Chile 5595 

R Lycopodium halconense Copel. /0278 

R Philippines /0278 

E Lycopodium phlegmaria L. var. longiflorum 

Spring 208/9 

E 20819 North Mariana Is. (Rolal 20819 



E 208/9 U.S. ■ Guam 208/9 
R Lycopodium phlegmaria L. var. longifolium 

Spring /8JJS 
R /8iJ8 U.S. - Guam 18338 

R Lycopodium pseudovarium Brownlie 

R /92/6 New Caledonia /92/6 

R Lycopodium setaceum Lam. ssp. galapagense 

Hamann ////7 
R Ecuador - Galapagos I II 17 

Ex Urostachys rubrus (Cham.) Hert /95i9 

Ex /95J9 Brazil - Minas Gerais /95J9 

Psilotaceae 

Number of genera: 2 

Number of species : 3-10 

Recorded threatened species : 2 (28%) 

Tropical and warm temperate. 

E Psilotum nudum L. var. molesworthiae Iran2o, Prada 

& Salvo I9S18 
E /98/8 Spain (Iberica. Cadiz, Sierra de Algibe) 
2066/ 

R Tmesipteris norfolkensis P. Green 10604 

R 19108 Australia - Norfolk Is. 10604 

Selaginellaceae 

Number of genera: 1 

Number of species: 700-725 

Recorded threatened species: 2 3 (3%) 

Widespread (mainly tropical). 

E Selaginella adunca A. Br. ex Hieron. 11494 

E India - Himachal Pradesh (Janusar, Simla) 

11358 
E India ■ Uttar Pradesh //J58 

R Selaginella atimonanensis Tan & Jenny /027s 

R Philippines (Quezon NP) 11305 

E Selaginella balfourii Baker 5852 

E 5852 Mauntius - Rodngues 5852 

I Selaginella calostachya (Hook. & Grev.) Alston 10251 

I /6/62 Sn Lanka 10251 

E Selaginella cataractarum Alston 11494 

E India - Kerala 11359 

Ex /S228 India - Jarful Nadu (Silver Cascade. 
Kodaikanal) //J59 

I Selaginella COChleata (Hook. & Grev.) Spring 10251 

1 /6/62 Sn Lanka 10251 

V Selaginella eatonii Hieron. ex Small 20850 

V 20850 US, - Florida 20850 

I Selaginella firmuloides Warb. 

I /92/6 New Caledonia /92/6 

V Selaginella gigantea Steyermark & A. R. Smith 20883 
I 2088i Venezuela 20883 

R Selaginella leucobryoides Maxon 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I /92/6 US, - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Selaginella lineariformis Jermy 928J 

R /92/6 Malaysia - Sarawak (G. Mulu NP) 928J 

R Selaginella molleri Hieron 7926 

R Equatorial Guinea - Bioko 1 1607 



-2- 



Ex 



R 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Lycopodiopsida: Selaginellaceae: Selaginella 

I Selaginella neocaledonica Baker 

I 19216 New Caledonia 19216 
Selaginella orizabensis Hieron. 90I9 

Ex II 1 19 Mexico - Veracruz 9019 
Selaginella praetermissa Alston io2si 

I 16162 Sn Lanka I02SI 

Selaginella pricei Taa & Jermy i027s 

R Philippines I027S 

Selaginella protensa Alston 7926 
I Cote d'lvoire 7926 

Selaginella pulchenima Liebm. ex Fourn. 9oi5 

V 9425 Mexico - Veracruz 90/5 

Selaginella raynaliana Tard. 

R Cameroon (Ebolowa & Akoakas) 

Selaginella subisophylla Jenny 

R ;92;6 Zambia ;92/6 

Selaginella tama-montana Serizawa iii63 

R III61 Japan III63 

Selaginella tortipila A.Braun 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

V Selaginella utahensis Flowers 20850 

ExfE 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Selaginella viridissima Weatherby 20883. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

1 20SS3 Mexico 20883 

Pteridopsida 

Adiantaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Cosmopolitan. 



R 



33-38 

712 

38 



(5%) 



E Adiantum gertrudis Espin. 5595 

E 21305 Chile 5595 

I Adiantum imbricatum R.Tryon 

I ;2-»68 Peru ;2'I68 

I Adiantum macrocladum Klotzsch 

I 12468 Peru 12468 

R Adiantum mindanaense Copel. 1027s 

R Philippines ;0278 

R Adiantum mochaenum Kunkel 19534 

R y95.(.< Chile 19534 

V Adiantum ogasawarense Tagawa 19134 

V ;9;j< Japan - Kazan Reito 19134 

V 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto y9/i4 

E Adiantum pearcei Philippi 19534 

E 21305 Chile ;95J-( 

I Adiantum poeppigianum (Kulm) Hieron. 

r 12468 Peru 12468 

E Adiantum renifonne L. var. sinense Y.X. 

Lin y/;j9 
E /76;7 China - Sichuan (Wanxian; Shizhu) 11139 
I Adiantum ruizianum Klotzsch 

I 12468 Peru ;2468 

I Adiantum scalare R. Tryon 



I 12468 Peru ;2468 

I Adiantum sessilifolium Hook. 

I ;2-<68 Peru 12468 
E Adiantum viridimonlanum Paris 208JO 

I 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Vermont 20850 

E Adiantum yivesii Proctor 20883. 19002 

I 20883 Pueno Rico 2088J 
Ex/E Anogramma ascensionis (Hook.) Diels J20'< 

Ex/E J20.( Ascension Is. .)204 

R Cheilanthes arizonica (Maxon) Mickel 2o««j, 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

R Cheilanthes cantangensis (Tryon) Tryon 17371 

R ;7J7; Peru /7i7; 

R Cheilanthes cooperae D.c. Eat. 20S50 

1 20850 U.S. -California 20850 

R Cheilanthes depauperata Baker 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Cheilanthes fractif era R.Tryon 

I 12468 Peru ;2.»6S 
R Cheilanthes krameri Franchet & Sav. ;;;6J 

R III63 Japan ;/;6J 
R Cheilanthes kunzei Mett. 2060.» 

R 2060.< Namibia 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Cheilanthes lonchophylla (Tryon) R.Tryon & 

A.F.Tryon ;7i7/ 
R 17371 Peru ;7i7y 

R Cheilanthes valdiviana Philippi 5595 

R 5595 Chile 5595 

R Cheilanthes viscida Davenport 20S50 

I 2OSSO U.S. - California 20S50 
E Coniogramme gracilis Ogata Iii63 

E //;6J Japan III63 
R Coniogramme indica Fee /;266 

R India - Manipur (Hongua Hill, Ukhrul) 

;;266 

R India - Meghalaya //266 

R Doryopleris allenae Tryon 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Perak; Selr.ngor) 

I Eriosorus accrescens A.F. Tryon 

I ;2468 Peru 72468 

I Eriosorus lechleri (Kuhn) A.F. Tryon 

I 72468 Peru 72468 

I Eriosorus Stuebelii (Hieron.) A.F. Tryon 

I 72468 Peru 72468 

V Notholaena chilensis (E.J. Remy) Stium /97;6. 21305 

V 27J05 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 79776 

I Pellaea boivini Hook. 76762 

I 76762 Sri Lanka 76762 

V Pellaea lyngholmii Windham 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -Arizona 20850 
R Pellaea myrtillifolia Mett. ex Kuhn 795J4 

R 27J05 Chile 795i4 

R Pellaea rufa A.F.Tryon 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Pentagramma pallida (Weatherby) Yatskievych, Windham i 

WoUenweber 20850 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pteridopsida: Adiantaceae: Pentagramma 

I 20S50 U.S. - California 20SS0 
R Sinopteris grevilleoides (Christ) C. Chr. & 

Ching III39 
R 17617 China - Sichuan (Qingchuan; Maoweng) 

IJI39 
R 17617 China - Yunnan IIU9 

Aspleniaceae 

Number of genera: 9-14 

Number of species : 711 

Recorded threatened species: 46 

Pantropical; subtropical; some temperate. 



(6%) 



R Asplenium adamsii Alston 

R Cameroon (Cameroon ml) 

R Asplenium adulterinum Milde I4S26. 20171 

R Austria 

R 2/09/ Bosnia & Hereegovma 2J09I 

E 2050 Czech Republic 20S0 

V 20673 Fmland 8000 

V 20640 Gemany 20640 

V I7S32 Norway 17832 

V 19366 Poland (Sudetes. Sudetic foothills) 7897 
R ;9949 Romania 19949 

I /9J2; Slovakia ;9J2/ 

R 13662 Slovenia (central) 13662 

V 18216 Sweden ;S2;6 

R /8;j4 Switzerland ;8;54 

R Asplenium aemilii-guineae Alston 792< 

R Equatorial Guinea - Bioko (Moka) 7926 

R Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.r.) Becb 206si. is996 

R 206«; Australia - Western Australia 20681 
R 18996 St Helena ;8996 

R Asplenium ascensionis S. Watson J204 

R J20'( Ascension Is. i20'( 
R Asplenium athertonense S.B.Andrews 206S; 

R 2068; Australia • (Queensland 2068/ 
R Asplenium balearicum Shivas 18264, 20i7i 

V 20528 France - Corsica ;J0«0 

E ;826.< Italy (Tuscany. Lazio) 18264 

E 18264 Italy - Sardinia 18264 

E 18264 Italy - Sicily (Pantelleria I.) 18264 

R 2082; Spain - Balearic Is. (Menorca) ;;562 

R Asplenium bourgaei Boiss. ex Milde 20171 

R Greece 

E Asplenium cardiophyllum (Hance) Bak. 19134 

E 19134 China - Hainan Is. 19134 
E ;9;j4 Japan (Kila Daito-jima) 19134 
E 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto ;9/i4 

Ex/E Asplenium centrifugale Baker «8; 

Ex/E ;'(22< Australia - Christmas Is. 881 

E Asplenium chondrophyllum Bertero ex CoUa ;9;;6 

E ;9;2J Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. ;9;;6 

R Asplenium compressum Sw. ;s997 

R 19213 St Helena ;8997 

R Asplenium creticum Lovis, Reichst. & Zaffran 2o;7; 

R 20730 Greece - Crete 207J0 

I Asplenium disjunctum Sledge 10251 

1 ;6;62 Sn Lanka ;025; 
R Asplenium eberhardtii Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Asplenium insolitum A. Reid Smith 9003 

R 900J Mexico ;2007 

R Asplenium isabelense Brause 7926 



R Equatorial Guinea • Bioko 7926 

R Asplenium jahandiezii (Litard.) Rouy sooo. 20171 

R 20528 France (Gorges du Verdon) 8000 

Ex/E Asplenium leucostegioides Baker 20850. ;*S62 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
I Asplenium longipes Fee ;o25; 

I ;6;62 Sri Lanka 10251 

E Asplenium macrosorum Bertero ex Co]la 19116 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. ;9;;6 
R Asplenium majoricum Litard. 8000. 20/7; 

V 20692 Spain (Valencian region) 20692 
R Spain - Balearic Is. 

I Asplenium micantifrons (Tuy.) Tuy. ex H. Ohba 8622 

1 19134 Japan - Kazan Retto (Minami-Iwojima) 

8622 
I 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8622 

V Asplenium pauperequitum 19305 

V ;9i05 New Zealand - Noith Is. 19305 

E Asplenium petrarchae (Guerin) DC. ssp. bivalens 

(D.E.Meyer) Lovis & Reichst. 19818, 20171 
E 19818 Spain (Sierra de Grazalema) I9S18 

R Asplenium platybasis Kunze ex Melt. var. 

platybasis 18997 

R ;8997 St Helena ;8997 

I Asplenium platybasis Kimze ex Meti. var. subnudum 

C. Chr. 19938 
1 Tristan da Cunha (Gough. Inaccessible, Nightingale 

Is.) ;99i8 

R Asplenium protractum Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Asplenium rehmanniana Engl. var. longicuneata R. & 

A. Femandes 77-*9 

R Mozambique 7749 

E Asplenium reuteri Milde 12840 

E 12840 Turkey 12840 

E Asplenium rhomboideum Brack. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Asplenium schizophyllum C. Christens. 20SSO 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Asplenium schweinfurthii Baker ;55J< 

R ;55J4 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

R Asplenium scolopendrium (Fem.) comb.nov. var. 

americanum (Fem.) Kartesz & Gandhi 20850 

I 20850 Canada • New Brunswick 20850 

R 20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

E Asplenium stellatum Colla ;9;;6 

E ;9;25 Chile ■ Juan Fernandez Is. ;9;;6 

R Asplenium subaequilaterale (Baker) Hieron 7926 

R Equatorial Guinea - Bioko 7926 

R Asplenium trigonopterum Kunze ;;/6i 

R 11163 Japan ;;;6J 

R Asplenium vespeitinum Maxon 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Asplenium wildii Bailey 2068; 

V 2068; Australia - CJueensland 2068; 

R Ceterach cordatum Sw. var. haughtonii C. 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Aspleniaceae: Ceterach 

Chr. 18997 
R IS997 St Helena 18997 

E Diellia erecta Brack. 20850. 19095 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (all islands) 20850 
E Diellia falcata Brack, zosso. 19095 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) 20S50 

E Diellia laciniata (Hbd.) Diels 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Diellia mannii (D.C. Eat.) Robins. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Diellia unisora w.H. Wagner 2o«50. 79095 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oaliu) 20850 
R Phyllitis hybrida (Made) c.Cbi. 20171 

I 20852 Croatia 20852 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

V Phyllitis scolopendrium (L.) Newman var. americana 

Fem. /1SO59 

V /6059 Canada - Onlano 76059 

V 76059 U.S. • Alabama (Jackson & Morgan Co.) 

76059 

V 16059 U.S. - Michigan (Mackinac Co.) 76059 

V 76059 U.S. - New York (Madison & Onondaga Co.) 

76059 

V 76059 U.S. -Tennessee (Manon Co.) 76059 



Blechnaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Cosmopolitan. 
R 



8-9 

238 

17 



(7%) 



Blechnum corralense Espin. 5595 

R 19534 Chile 5595 

R Blechnum fullagarii (F. MueU.) c. Chr. 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 7J225 

R Blechnum gregsonii (Watts) Tindale 20687 

R 20687 Australia - New South Wales 20687 

I Blechnum longicauda c. Chr. 79776 

I 79725 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 79776 
E Blechnum mochaenum Kunkel yar.femandeziana 

(Looser) De la Sota 79776. 27i05 
E 79776 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 797/6 
I Blechnum obtusatum (Labill.) Mett. \ar.francii 

(Rosenstock) Brownlie 
I New Caledonia 

V Blechnum schottii (CoUa) C. Chr. 79776 

V 79725 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 79776 
R Doodia brackenridgei Carr. 

R Fiji 

R Doodia gracilis Copel. 

R New Caledonia 

E Doodia lyonii O. Deg. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Doodia marquesensis E. Brown 

R French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 

R Doodia mollis Parris 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

V Doodia paschalis C.Cbr. 17912 

V 77972 Chile - Easter Is. 77972 

R Doodia scaberula Parris 

R Papua New Guinea 



E 


n 


V 


n 


R 


n 


V 


n 


R 


n 


R 


n 


R 


M 


R 


II 



R Doodia squarrosa Colenso 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

R Steenisioblechnum acuminatum (White & Goy) 

Heimipman 20681 
R 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 
R Struthiopteris castanea Nakai 11163 

R /776J Japan 7776J 

Cyatheaceae 

Number of genera: 1-4 

Number of species : 6 2 3 

Recorded threatened species: 2 02 (32%) 

Pantropical to warm temperate. 

Alsophila amintae Conant 20883. 19002 
E 20885 Puerto Rico 20883 

Alsophila polystichoides Christ 14244 

V 14244 Costa Rica 14244 

V 76J7 7 Panama 14244 

Cnemidaria glandulosa Stolze 14244 

R 14244 Panama 1^244 

Cnemidaria stolzeana L.D. Gomez 14244 

V 76i7 7 Panama 14244 
Cnemidaria suprastrigosa R.C. Moran 14244 

R 14244 Panama 14244 

Cnemidaria tryoniana stolze 
R Colombia 

Cnemidaria varians R.C. Moran 14244 
R !4244 Panama 14244 

Cyathea abbottii Maxon 72^97 

R 72676 Dominican Republic 72676 
R 72676 Haiti 726/6 

Cyathea aciculosa Copel. 14803 

V Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Arch. 
R 14803 Solomon Is. - South 14803 

Cyathea acuminata Copel. 20093 

V Philippines (Panay) 20093 

Cyathea akawaiorum P.J. Edwards 12349 

R Guyana (Ml Roraima) 12349 

Cyathea alatissima (Stolze) 7249/ 

R 72676 Peru 12625 

Cyathea albida Tard. 
I 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea albomarginata R.C. Moran 14244 

R 14244 Costa Rica 7'<2'« 
R 14244 Panama 14244 

Cyathea albosetacea (Beddome) Copel. 1470s 

V 13883 India - Nicobar Is. (Great Nicobar. Kamotra 
Is.) //27i 

Cyathea alleniae Holttum 

V Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 
Cyathea alstonii R. Tryon 726/2 

R /26/6 Colombia (Macarena) /26/2 
Cyathea alticola (Tard.) Tindale 
I 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea annae (Alderw.) Domin 

V Indonesia - Moluccas 

Cyathea apoensis Copel 20095 
I Philippines 20095 

Cyathea appendiculata Baker 



V M 

R II 
R II 



V n 

V 11 
R I! 

I !I 

V II 

I u 

I II 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Cyatheaceae: Cyathea 

I 6963 Madagascar 
I II Cyathea approximata Bonap. var. approximata 

I 6963 Madagascar 
I II Cyathea approximata Bonap. var. sorisquamata 
Tardieu 

I 6963 Madagascar 
R n Cyathea arfakensis Gepp 

R Papua New Guinea 

I n Cyathea aristata Domin 12491 

I 9114 Mexico - Oaxaca 12625 
I 9114 Mexico - Veracraz 9114 

V II Cyathea arthropoda Copel. 

V Malaysia - Sarawak 
I II Cyathea ascendens Domin 

I Papua New Guinea 

R n Cyathea assurgens R. Tryon ios3s 

R 12616 Colombia 10538 
R 12616 Ecuador 10538 

R II Cyathea alrospinosa Holitum 

R Papua New Guinea 

I II Cyathea auriculata Tard. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

V n Cyathea australis (R. Br.) Domin ssp. norfolkensis 

Holttum 

V Australia - Norfolk Is. 

R n Cyathea baileyana (Domin) Domin 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

I II Cyathea ballardii Tard. 

I 6963 Madagascar 
I II Cyathea bellisquamata Bonap. var. basilobata C. 
Chr. 
I 6963 Madagascar 
I II Cyathea bellisquamata Bonap. var. 
bellisquamata 
I 6963 Madagascar 

R n Cyathea binuangensis Aldcrw. 10278 

R Philippines 10278 

R II Cyathea bipinnata (R. Tryon) 12491 

R 12616 Ecuador 10538 
I II Cyathea boivini Mett. var. boivini 

I 6963 Madagascar 
I II Cyathea boivini Mett. var. concava Tard. 

I 6963 Madagascar 
I n Cyathea boivini Mett. var. humblotii C. 
Chr. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

R H Cyathea boliviano R. Tryon 12612 

R 12616 Bolivia 12612 

I M Cyathea borbonica Desv. var. laevigata 

Bonap. 
I 6963 Madagascar 

I II Cyathea borbonica Desv. var. pesvilleana C. 
Chr. 
I 6963 Madagascar 

I n Cyathea borbonica Des\.\ar. simulans (Baker) C. 
Chr. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

V II Cyathea brevipinna Baker 

V 14227 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14227 



V 
V 

V 



R 

R 

R 

V 

V 

R 

I 

I 

I 

R 

R 

R 

I 

I 

I 
R 



I 
R 
V 
I 



Cyathea brownii Domin 19108 

V Australia - Norfolk Is. 

Cyathea bunnemeijerii Alderw. 

V Malaysia - Sarawak 

Cyathea caracasana (Klotzsch) Domin var. maxonii 
(Maxon) R. Tryon 12612 

V 14244 Costa Rica 14244 

V 16317 Panama 16317 

Cyathea carrii Holttum 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea catillifera Holttum 

1 Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea christii Copel. 

R Philippines 

Cyathea cicatricosa Holttimi 

R New Caledonia 

Cyathea cinerea Copel. /027s 

R Philippines 10278 

Cyathea coactilis Holttum 

V Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea cocleana stoize 12491 

V 16317 Panama 12625 

Cyathea concinna (Baker ex Jenman) Jenman 12491 
R 12616 Jamaica (Blue Mts.) 12615 
Cyathea costalisora Copel. 

I Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea costularis Bonap. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea costulisora Domin 

1 Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea cuatrecasasii (R. Tryon) 12491 

R 12616 Colombia (central) 12619 
Cyathea curranii Copel. 10278 

R Philippines 10278 

Cyathea cyclopodium (R. Tryon) LeIIinger 12111 

R 12616 Venezuela I2III 

Cyathea decrescens Melt. var. decrescens 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea decrescens Mett. var. hirsutifolia C. 

Chr. 
I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea deminuens Hohtum 

I Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea demissa (C. Morton) A.R. Smith ex Lell. var. 
demissa 12111 

R Venezuela I21II 

Cyathea demissa (C. Morton) A.R. Smith ex LeU. var. 
thysanolepis (D. Barrington) 12491 

R Venezuela II2II 

Cyathea dicksonioides Holttum 

I Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea dimorpha (Christ) Copel. 
I Indonesia - Sulawesi 

Cyathea dissoluta Baker ex Jenman 12612 
R 12616 Jamaica 12612 
Cyathea doctersii Alderw. 

V Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea dregei Kunze var. polyphlebia C. 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Cyatheaceae: Cyalhea 

Chr. 
I 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea dregei Kunze var. segregata C. 

Chr. 
1 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea dryopteroides Maxon 12491 

I S05S Pueno Rico SOiS 
Cyathea dudleyi R. Tryon 12612 

R I26J6 Peru 12612 
Cyathea edanoi Copel. 

R Philippines 

Cyathea estelae (Riba) Proctor 12491 

R 12616 Jamaica 12622 

Cyathea excavata Holtium 

V Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

Cyathea exilis Holttum 2068I. 92S2 

E 2068/ Australia - Queensland 9282 

Cyathea falcata (Kuhn) Domin ]2ui 



14244 Panama 14244 
I2III Colombia I2III 



Cyathea ferruginea Christ 
R Philippines 

Cyathea fusca Baker 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea glabenima Holttum 
1 Papua New Guinea (D'entrecasteaux Is.) 

Cyathea gregaria (Brause) DonUn 

V Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea hainanensis Ching 

E China 

Cyathea halconensis Christ 20093 
R Philippines 20093 

Cyathea haughtii (Maxon) R. Tryon 12612 
R 12616 Colombia 12612 

Cyathea heliophila R. Tryon 1053s 

R I053S Ecuador ;05JS 

Cyathea hodgeana Proctor 12491 

V 12616 Dominica S767 

Cyathea hookeri Thwaites 10251 

R 16162 Sri Lanka 10251 
Cyathea honidula Copel. 
R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea hotteana C. Chr. & Ekman 12491 

R 12616 Dominican Republic 10569 
R 12616 Haiti 10569 

Cyathea howeana Domin 

V 14227 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14227 

Cyathea humbertiana Domin 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea imbricata Aldcrw. 

I Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea impar R. Tryon 12612 

V I053S Panama 12612 

Cyathea inaequalis Holttimi 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea incisoserrata Copel. 

V Malaysia ■ Peninsular Malaysia 

V Malaysia - Sarawak 

Cyathea insulana Holtium 



V 

R 

I 

E 

R 

V 
R 
R 

Ex/E 

I 

I 

I 

R 

R 

I 

V 

I 

R 
R 
R 

I 

R 
I 

R 



V Papua New Guinea (D'entrecasteaux Is.) 
Cyathea insularum Holttum 

V Papua New Guinea (Louisiade Arch.) 
Cyathea intramarginalis (Wind.) LelUnger 12111 

R 12616 Venezuela 12111 

Cyathea isaloensis c. Chr. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea kermadecensis Oliver 19106 

E 19305 New Zealand - Kermadec Is. 19106 

Cyathea klossii Ridley 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea lastii Baker 

1 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea latevagans (Baker) Domin 12111 

V Colombia 11211 
Cyathea latipinnula Copel. 10278 

R Philippines (0278 

Cyathea lepifera (J. Smith) Copel. 200/5 

R 17617 China - Fuj'an (Xiamen) 11139 

R 17617 Taiwan 11139 

R Philippines 17617 

R 200/7 Japan (Ryukyu Islands) 200/7 

Cyathea leprieurii (Kunze) Domm 12491 
Ex/E 12616 French Guiana /2i525 

Cyathea leptochlamys Baker 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea ligulata Baker 

1 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea loerungii Holttum 
I Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea longipinnata Bonap. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea macarthurii (F. Muell.) Baker 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 

Cyathea macropoda Domin 14665 

R Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea madagascarica Bonap. 

I 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea magnifolia Alderw. 

V Indonesia - Sumatra 
Cyathea marattioides Willd. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea marginata (Brause) Domin 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea masapilidensis Copel. 

R Philippines 

Cyathea media Wagn. & Grether 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea melanocaula Desv. 

1 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea melleri (Baker) Domin 
I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea microchlamys Holttum /027s 

R Philippines 10278 

Cyathea micropelidota Copel. 

I Fiji 

Cyathea microphylla Men. /26/2 

R Peru (south) 12612 



-7- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Cyatheaceae: Cyathea 

Cyathea modesta (Baker) Copel. 
R Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea moseleyi Baker 

V Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Arch. 
Cyathea mucilagina R.C. Moran 14244 

R 1424^ Cosia Rica 14244 
R 14244 Ecuador 14244 
R 14244 Peru 14244 

Cyathea multisegmenta R. Tryon 126/2 
R 12616 Peru 12612 

Cyathea nanna (D. Barrington) Lellinger mil 
R 12616 Guyana 11211 
Cyathea negrosiana Christ 

R Philippines 

Cyathea nigropaleata Holttum 

I Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea nilgirensis Holitum 14708 

E India - Kerala (Palghat; Silent Valley) 

11347 
E India ■ Tamil Nadu 11347 

Cyathea nockii Jemnan 12491 

R 12616 Jamaica 12617 
Cyathea nodulifera R.C. Moran 14244 
R 14244 Costa Rica 14244 
R 14244 Panama 14244 

Cyathea obliqua Copel. 20093 

V Philippines 20091 
Cyathea Ogurae (Hayata) Domin III63 

V 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto (Chichizima I.) 

III63 

Cyathea orthogonalis Bonap. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

I Cyathea pallidipaleata Holttum 

V Indonesia - Sulawesi 
I Cyathea papuana (Ridley) Alderw. 

R Papua New Guinea 

I Cyathea parianensis (WinA.) LeUinger 12111 

R 12616 Venezuela (Pana Peninsula) 12621 

I Cyathea parvipinna Holtium 

V Papua New Guinea 
I Cyathea patellifera Alderw. 

I Indonesia - Sumatra 

I Cyathea pectinata Ching & s.H. Wu 

E China 

I Cyathea peladensis (flieTon.) Domin 10538 

R 12616 Colombia 12612 
R 10S38 Ecuador 10538 

I Cyathea perpunctulata (Alderw.) Domin 

I Indonesia - Sumatra 

I Cyathea penieriana C. Chr. 
1 6963 Madagascar 

I Cyathea petiolulata Ching & s.H. Wu 

E China 

I Cyathea phalaenolepis (C.CbT.)Doxam 12111 

R 20035 Colombia (Pacific coasts) II2II 
R 20035 Ecuador (Pacific coasts) 11211 

I Cyathea phegopteroides (Hook.) Domin 12111 

R Peni 11211 

\ Cyathea physolepidota Alston 

R Papua New Guinea 



I 

I 

R 

E 

R 

V 

R 

R 

I 

I 

I 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

I 

R 

I 

V 

R 

I 

R 

R 

V 



Cyathea pilosula Tard. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea plagiostegia Copel. 

I Fiji 

Cyathea pruinosa Rosenstock 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea pseudogigantea ching & s.H. Wu 

E China 

Cyathea pseudomuelleri Holttum 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea pseudonanna (L.d. Gomez) LeiUnger ini4 

V 16317 Panama 11714 

Cyathea punctulata Alderw. 

R Indonesia • Sumatra 

Cyathea pycnoneura Holttum 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea quadrata Baker var. ivohibensis C. 

Chr. 
I 6963 Madagascar 
Cyathea quadrata Baker var. quadrata 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea recurvata (Brause) Domin 

1 Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea robinsonii Copel. 20093 

R Philippines 2009j 

Cyathea robusta (C. Moore) Holttum 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 
Cyathea roraimensis Domin (Domin) 12349 

R 12616 Guyana 12349 
Cyathea rufescens Domin 12111 

R 12616 Peru 12618 

Cyathea rufopannosa Christ 
R Philippines 

Cyathea rupestris Maxon 12111 
R 12616 Colombia 10569 
Cyathea saccata Christ 

R Indonesia - Sulawesi 

Cyathea sagittifolia (Hook.) Domin 12491 

R Trinidad & Tobago 

Cyathea sarasinorum Hohtum 

R Indonesia -'Sulawesi 

Cyathea SCandenS (Brause) Domin 

I Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea schlechteri (Brause) Domin 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea schliebenii Reim. 

I Tanzania 

Cyathea sechellarum Mett. 

V Seychelles (granitic) 

Cyathea senex Alderw. 

R Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea serratifolia Baker 

1 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea setifera Holttum 
R Indonesia - Moluccas 

Cyathea setulosa Copel. 

R Philippines 

Cyathea sibuyanensis Copel. 20093 



-8- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pteridopsida: Cyatheaceae: Cyathea 

V Philippines 20093 
Cyathea similis C. Chr. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea simplex R. Tryon i26J2 

R 126/6 Venezuela 12612 
Cyathea singularis (Stolze) 12491 

R 12616 Colombia (Putamayo) 12625 
Cyathea sinuata Hook. & Grev. 102SI 

R 16162 Sri Lanka 7025; 
Cyathea sipapoensis (R. Tryon) Lellinger mil 

R 12616 Venezuela 12621 
Cyathea stelligera Holttmn 

I New Caledonia 

Cyathea steyermarkii R. Tryon 12612 
R 12616 Venezuela 12612 
Cyathea strigillosa (Maxon) Domin 12491 
Cyathea strigosa Christ 

R Indonesia - Sulawesi 

Cyathea subincisa C. Chr. 

1 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea tenuicaulis Domin 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea tematea Alderw. 

V Indonesia - Moluccas 
Cyathea teysmannii Copel. 

R Indonesia - Sulawesi 

Cyathea tinganensis Ching & s.H. Wu 

E China 

Cyathea trachypoda Alderw. 

R Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea tripinnatijida Roxb. 

V Indonesia - Moluccas 
Cyathea tsangii Ching & s.H. Wu 

E China 

Cyathea tsaratananensis Tard. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea tsilotsilensis Tard. 

1 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea tuyamae H. Ohba S622 

R I9I35 Japan - Kazan Reno (Minami-Iwojima) 
8622 

Cyathea urbanii Brause 12491 

R 12616 Dominican Republic 10569 
Cyathea vandeusenii Holttum 

R Papua New Guinea 

Cyathea venezuelensis x. Reld Smith ex 

Lellinger 12111 
R Venezuela II2II 

Cyathea verrucosa Holttum 

R Indonesia - Sumatra 

Cyathea viguieri Tard. 

I 6963 Madagascar 

Cyathea vilhelmii Domin 12612 

R 12616 Peru 12612 

Cyathea weatherbyana (C. Morton) C. Morton nin 

R 11117 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

Cyathea wendlandii (Mett. ex Kuhn) Domiimn mil 

V mil Costa Rica 11211 



R mil Panama imi 

R n Cyathea williamsii (Maxon) Domin mil 

R Venezuela 11211 

I n Cyathea zakamenensis Tard. 

1 6963 Madagascar 

R n Cyathea zamboangana Copel. 
R Philippines 

Davalliaceae 

Number of genera: 6-10 

Number of species: 13 

Recorded threatened species: 1 

Pantropical and temperate. 

E Davallia puketi 1930s 

E 19305 New Zealand - North Is. 1930S 

Dennstaedtiaceae 

Number of genera: 18 

Number of species : 4 8 6 

Recorded threatened species: 15 (3? 

Pantropical. 



( < 1%) 



R 

I 
R 



R 
E 



I 
R 
I 
R 



Lindsaea kawabatae Kuraia 11163 
R 20SII Taiwan 20511 
R III63 Japan III63 

Lindsaea latifrons Kramer 17371 
1 12468 Peru 12468 

Lindsaea malabarica (Beddome) Baker ex C. Chr. 11494 
R 13883 India - Kerala (Peermade; Silent Valley) 

11355 
R 13883 India - Madhaya Pradesh (Bastar) 11355 
R 13883 India - Tamil Nadu {Salem; Yercaud; Shevaroy) 
11355 

Lindsaea repanda Kunze 11163 

R 11163 Japan 11163 

Lindsaea repens (Bory) Thwaites var. macraeana 

(Hook. & Am.) Mett. ex Kuhn 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 

lindsaea securifolia Presl var. kusukustnsis 

(Hayata) Shieh 205/7 
R 2057/ Taiwan 20511 
Lindsaea spruceana Kuhn 17371 

I 12468 Peru 72.»6S 

Lindsaea tenera Dryander 5376 

R India - Andaman Is. (South & Little Andamans) 

77J56 
R India - Nicobar Is. (Katchal & Great Nicobar) 

11356 

Microlepia calvescens (Wall.) Presl var. 
intramarginalis (Tagawa) Sheih 20577 

R 2057/ Taiwan 2057/ 

Microlepia majuscula (Lowe) T. Moore 7025/ 
I 76/62 Sn Lanka 10251 
Microlepia taiwaniana Tagawa 205/7 
R 205// Taiwan 205// 
Paesia taiwanensis Shieh 205// 
I 2057/ Taiwan 205// 

Sphenomeris clavata (L.) Maxon 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

1 2088J USA - Virgin Is. 20883 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Dennstaedtiaceae: Sphenomeris 

V Sphenomeris minutula Kurata ni63 

V 11163 Japan 11163 

R Tapeinidium acuminatum Kramer I0278 

R Philippines 10278 

Dicksoniaceae 

Number of genera: 3-7 

Number of species : 4 1 

Recorded threatened species: 4 

Montane tropical and temperate. 

I n Cibotium cumingii Kunze 1223s 

I 12238 Philippines 12238 

V II Dicksonia berteriana (CoUa) Hook. 20S83 

V 20883 ChUe 20883 

V n Dicksonia externa Skottsb. i9i}6 

V 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 191 16 

V n Thyrsopteris elegans Kunze 20(M5 

V ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 191 16 



(9%) 



Dryopteridaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species 

Temperate; tropical. 
R 



20-47 

464 

75 



(16%) 



Acrorumohra subreflexipinna (Ogata) H.Iio 20511 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
R Arachniodes carvifolia (Kunze) Ching 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Arachniodes dimorphophylla (Hayala) Ching 11163 

V III63 Japan 11163 
R Arachniodes hekiana Kurata Iii63 

R III63 Japan III63 

R Arachniodes pseudorepens Nakaikt ni63 

R ;;;6i Japan III63 
R Arachniodes repens Kurata 11 163 

R ;/;6J Japan ;j;6J 

E Ctenitis canacae Holttum 20776 

E 2077; Mauntius (Bnse Fer) 10720 

E Ctenitis cumingii Holtum I9is5 

E I9I8S Pitcaim (Pilcaim Island) 19185 

R Ctenitis dubia (Copel.) Copel. 11269 

R Philippines (Leyte Forest, Mahagnao) 

11269 

R Ctenitis iriomotensis (H. Ito) Nakaike in63 

R III63 Japan III63 
R Ctenitis lorenceii Holtt. 5S52 

R 5852 Mauntius - Rodrigues 5852 

E Ctenitis meamsii Copel. y;272 

E Philippines (Pauai & Mt Pulog, Benguel) 

;/272 

R Ctenitis microlepigera (Nakai) Ching 11 163 

R 11163 Japan j;;6J 

Ex/E Ctenitis paleolata Cope[. 11270 

Ex/E Philippines (Pauai. Benguel Province) 

;;27o 
R Ctenitis pleiosorus {Hook.{.)C. Morton nil? 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

R Ctenitis psamalensis A. Reid Smith 900/ 



9001 Guatemala 9001 
9001 Mexico 9001 



R Ctenitis sinii (Ching) Ching 1/163 

R ;;;6i Japan III63 
E Ctenitis squamigera (Hook. & Am.) Copeland 2O8JO 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20«50 

V Cyrtomium microindusium Kurata Iii63 

V 11163 Japan ;/;6J 

I Cyrtomium taiwanense Tagawa 205;; 

I 20511 Taiwan 20511 

R Dryopteris ardechensis Fraser-Jenkins 2052« 

R 2052S France (south) 20528 
Ex/E Dryopteris ascensionis (Hook.) Kuntze j2(m 

Ex/E 320-1 Ascension Is. 3204 
E Dryopteris cognata (C. PresI) Kuntze 18997 

E /«997 St Helena ;S997 
I Dryopteris corleyi FraseT-Jeok. 10270.20171 

I 20874 Spain (Cantabrian coast) 70270 

R Dryopteris crinalis (Hook. & Am.) C. 

Christens. 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

I Dryopteris enneaphylla (Bak.) C. Chr. var. 

pseudosieboldii (Hayata) Tagaw 205// 
I 20511 Taiwan 205// 

V Dryopteris gamblei (Hope) C. Chr. /•1708 

V 14708 Bhutan /■(708 

V 14708 India - Meghalaya 14708 

V /■(708 India - Uttar Pradesh 14708 

V /•/708 India ■ West Bengal 14708 

R Dryopteris hadanoi Kurata 1 1 163 

R ///6J Japan III63 
R Dryopteris insularis Kodama 11163 

R ///6J Japan ///6i 

R Dryopteris napoleonis (Bory) Kuntze 

R /8997 St Helena /8997 
R Dryopteris pallida (Bory) C.Chr. ex Maire St Petitm. s! 

balearica (Litard.) Eraser Jenkins 20/7/ 
R Spain - Balearic Is. 

V Dryopteris rossii C. Christens. 20850 
E 20850 US, -Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

E Dryopteris sandwicensis (Hook. & Am.) C. 

Christens. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Dryopteris shiroumensis Kurata & Nakamura ///5i 

R ///6j( Japan III63 
R Dryopteris sparsa (D.Don) Kuntze 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

Ex Dryopteris speluncae (L.) Underwood 

Ex Bermuda 

R Dryopteris squamiseta (Hook) Kuntze 7926 

R Equatonal Guinea - Bioko 

R Dryopteris tsugiwoi Kurata ///6J 

R //;6J Japan III63 

V Dryopteris tsutuiana Kurata 11163 

V ///6J Japan ///6J 

R Lastreopsis calantha (Endl.) Tind. //6-f9 

R /9;08 Australia - Norfolk Is. 14288 

R Lastreopsis grayi D.LJones 2068/ 



-10- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Dryopteridaceae: Lastreopsis 

R 20681 Auslralia - Queensland 20681 
R Lastreopsis nephrodioides (Baker) Ttod. 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 
R Lastreopsis silvestris D.A.Smilh ex Tindale 206SI 

I 206SI Australia - New South Wales 20681 

I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20681 

R Lastreopsis tinarooensis Tindale 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

V Lastreopsis walleri Tindale 206SI 

V 20681 Australia • Queensland 2068/ 

Ex Lastreopsis wattii (Beddome) Tagawa 11494 

Ex 11494 India - Manipur 11494 
R Polybotrya sorbifolia Mett. ex Kuhn 11714 

R 9426 Costa Rica 11714 

R 14244 Brazil 14244 

R 14244 Colombia 14244 

R 14244 Venezuela 14244 

E Polystichum aleuticum C. Christens. 20850. 21309 

E 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

I Polystichum anomalum (Hook. & Am.) J. Smith /025/ 

I 16162 Sri Lanka /025/ 

E Polystichum calderonense Proctor 20883. 19002 

I 208SJ Pueno Rico 20883 

E Polystichum drepanum (Swartz) C. PresI 17891 

E Portugal - Madeira 17891 

V Polystichum dudleyi Maxon 208S0 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Polystichum falcinellum (Swartz) C. Presl 

E Portugal - Madeira 

R Polystichum haleakalense Brack. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Polystichum hillebrandii Camithers 20850. 8J2S 

I 20S50 U.S. . Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Polystichum kwakiutlii D.H. Wagner 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 

R Polystichum moorei Christ /9/08 

R 14223 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14223 

R Polystichum munchii (Christ) C. Chr. 9001 

R 9001 Guatemala 9001 
R 9001 Mexico 9001 

E Polystichum obai Tagawa 11163 

E 11163 Japan 11163 
R Polystichum ohmurae Kuraia ///6i 

R 11163 Japan ///« 

R Polystichum otomasui Kmata 11163 

R ///6J Japan //;6J 
R Polystichum Setigerum (K. Presl) K. Presl 20850. 

10701 

E 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

R Polystichum shimurae Kurata ///6J 

R ///6i Japan ///6J 

V Polystichum tetragonum Fee /9/;6. 2/J05 

V 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

Ex/E Polystichum wattii (Bedd.) C. Chr. 14708 

Ex/E /•<708 India - Manipur 14708 

R Polystichum whiteleggei Watts 

R /■»225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. /«25 

R Polystichum yaeyamense (Makino) Makino iii63 



R 11163 Japan 11163 
I Pteridrys syrmatica (Willd.) C. Chr. & Ching /ii/62 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 16162 
I Pteridrys zeylanica Ching /6/62 

I 16162 Sn Lanka /6/62 

V Rumohra berteroana (CoUa) R.A. Rodr. 19116. 2130s 

V /9/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

R Sorolepidium glaciate Christ 11 139 

R 17617 China - Sichuan (Muli; Daocheng) 11139 
R /76;7 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (Bemi) ///J9 
R /76/7 China - Yunnan (Lijiang. Zhongdian) 
11139 

Ex/E Tectaria amesiana A.A. Eat. 20«50 

I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20S50 

V Tectaria chattagramica (C.B. Clarke) Ching /■»872 

V 14872 Bangladesh /•<872 

E Tectaria estremeriana Proctor & A.M. Evans 20883 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 
I Tectaria thwaitesii (Beddome) Ching 10251 

I 16162 Sri Lanka /025/ 
R Tectaridium primitivum Copel. 

R Philippines 

R Triplophyllum fratemum (Mett.) Holttum var. 

elongatum Holttum //6/2 

R Sao Tome & Pnncipe //6/2 



Gleicheniaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Pantropical. 



2-4 
140 

4 (2%) 



V Dicranopteris linearis (Buna, f.) Underw. var. 

sebastiana Panigr. & Dixit 14782 

V /-(782 India - Tamil Nadu 14782 
R Gleichenia abscida Rodway 2068/ 

R 20681 Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 
R Gleichenia litoralis (Philippi) C. Chr. 5595 

R 5595 Chile 5595 

R Gleichenia weatherbyi Fosb. 

R Micronesia - Caroline Is. (Ponape. Kusaie) 



Grammitidaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Pantropical and South temperate. 



14 
500 
65 (13%) 



R 
R 
I 



Adenophorus periens Bishop 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ctenopteris glandulosa J. Smith 10251 

I /6/62 Sn Lanka /025; 

Ctenopteris malayana Parris 9280 
V 14876 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (G. Ulu Kali) 
9280 

Ctenopteris nhatrangensis (C. Chr.) Tard. 6057 
R Viemam 6057 

Ctenopteris sakaguchiana (Koidz.) H. Ito ///6J 
R 11163 Japan 11163 

Ctenopteris thwaitesii (Beddome) Sledge /025/ 
I /6/62 Sri Lanka /025/ 



-11- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Grammitidaceae: Clenopteris 

V Clenopteris walleri (Maiden & Betche) 206SI 

V 206SI Australia - Queensland 206SI 

I Grammitis ahenobarba Parris 

1 Indonesia - Irian Jaya 

R Grammitis albosetosa (Bailey) Parris 20681 

R 206SI Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Grammitis alepidota M. Price W27S 

R Philippines (Ml Banahaw & Mt Canloon) 

10278 

R Grammitis ceratocarpa Copel. 

R Indonesia - Irian Jaya (Mt Carstensz & Wilhelmina) 

R Papua New Guinea (Huon & Ml Wilhelm) 

R Grammitis clavipila Parris 

R Papua New Guinea 

R Grammitis collina Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Western Highlands) 

I Grammitis coredrosora (Alderw.) Copel. 

I Indonesia - Inan Jaya 

R Grammitis crenulata Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Mt Dayman & Mt Suckling) 

I Grammitis crinifera Parris 

I Indonesia ■ Inan Jaya (Mt Helling) 

R Grammitis curtipila Parris 

R Papua New Guinea 

R 14803 Solomon Is. - South 14803 

R Grammitis demissa Parris 

R Papua New Guinea - Bismarck Arch. 

I Grammitis dictymioides Copel. 

I Indonesia - Inan Jaya 

R Grammitis diminuta (Baker) Copel. 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 

I Grammitis ebenina (Maxon) Tard. I8997 

E 78997 St Helena 18997 

I 19213 Tropical Afnca 192 J 3 

I Grammitis excelsa Parris 

1 Indonesia - Inan Jaya (Ilim Valley) 

R Grammitis fabaespora (Copel.) Seymour 90/2 

R 19757 Panama 9012 
I Grammitis glossophylla Parris 

I Papua New Guinea (Rossel I.) 

I Grammitis habbemensis Copel. 

I Indonesia - Irian Jaya 

I Grammitis hispida Copel. 

I Indonesia - Inan Jaya 

R Grammitis imberbis Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Mt Scorpion. Star Mts) 

I Grammitis inconstans (Alderw.) Copel. 

1 Indonesia - Irian Jaya 

R Grammitis knightii (Copel.) Seymour 9012 

R 19757 Costa Rica 9012 
I Grammitis meijer-dreesii Copel. 

I Indonesia - Inan Jaya 

R Grammitis merrillii (Copel.) Copel. 

R Indonesia - Irian Jaya (Waigeo) 

R Indonesia - Moluccas 

R Philippines (Palawan) 

I Grammitis mesocarpa (Alderw.) Copel. 

I Indonesia - Inan Jaya 

I Grammitis montana Parris 



I Papua New Guinea (Mt Sarawaket) 

R Grammitis murrayana (C. Chr.) Copel. 

R Papua New Guinea 

R Grammitis nigropaleata Copel. 

R Papua New Guinea (Morobe Province) 

R Grammitis nipponica Tagawa & iwatsuki iu63 

R 11163 Japan III63 

R Grammitis nudicarpa Copel. 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. N22J 
I Grammitis papuensis (Alderw.) Parris 

1 Indonesia - Irian Jaya (Mt Carstensz) 

R Grammitis podocarpa (Maxon) Seymour 90/2 

R 19757 Panama 90/2 
R Grammitis pseudolocellata Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Mt Dayman) 

R Grammitis rawlingsii Parris 

R 19305 New Zealand - North Is. 19305 
I Grammitis reducta (Alderw.) Copel. 

I Indonesia - Irian Jaya (Mt Doorman Top) 

I Grammitis reptans Parris 

I Indonesia - Irian Jaya (Mt Wilhelmina) 

I Grammitis rupestris Parris 

I Papua New Guinea (Laloki R.) 

R Grammitis salticola Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Mt Giluwe) 

R Grammitis silvicola Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Mt Piora) 

I Grammitis subreticulata (Copel.) Copel. 

I Papua New Guinea 

R Grammitis taeniophylla Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (Mt Hunstein, E. Sepik) 

E Grammitis tenuis Parris 

E Papua New Guinea (Ekuti Range) 

R Grammitis tmesipteris (Copel.) Seymour 9012 

R 9426 Costa Rica 90/2 
R Grammitis tomaculosa Parris 

R Indonesia - Inan Jaya 

R Papua New Guinea 

R Grammitis tonicelliana (Brause) Parris 

R Papua New Guinea 

R Philippines 

R Grammitis trichopoda (F. Muell. & Baker) Copel. 

R Papua New Guinea 

R Grammitis trogophylla Copel. 

R Papua New Guinea 

R Grammitis tuberculata Parris 

R Papua New Guinea (W. Highlands & Enga Prov.) 

R Grammitis tuyamae H. Ohba 8622 

R 19134 Japan - Kazan Retto (Minami-Iwojima) 
8622 

I Grammitis viridula (Alderw.) Parris 

Indonesia - Irian Jaya 
Indonesia - Java 
Indonesia - Sulawesi 
Indonesia - Sumatra 
Papua New Guinea 

I Grammitis wallii (Beddome) Copel. /025I 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 10251 

R Grammitis wattsii Copel. 



-12- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Grammitidaceae: Grammitis 

R 14225 Australia ■ NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 
R Grammitis ZUrquina (Maxon ex Copel.) Seymour 9012 



20895 Vietnam 20985 
19757 Cosia Rica 90J2 



R 
R 



R 



Lellingeria isidrensis (Maxon ex Cople.) A. Reid Smith & R. 

Moran 14244 
R 9426 Costa Rica 14244 

Xiphopteris ascensionensis (Hieron.) Cronk 9997 

R 3204 Ascension Is. 3204 

Xiphopteris exilis Parris 92S0 

R 14876 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (G. Belumut, 
Johor) 9280 

Xiphopteris sparsipilosa (Holttum) Holttum 9280 

R 14876 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Perak: Pahang; 
Selangor) 9280 

Xiphopteris villosissima (Hook.) Alston var. 

laticellulata Benl 10672 
R Cameroon (Cameroon Mt) 10672 



Hymenophyllaceae 

Number of genera: 5-10 

Number of species: 6 

Recorded threatened species: 2 7 (4%) 

Mostly tropical montane and South temperate. 

R Abrodictyum boninense Tagawa & Iwatsuki 8037 

R 19134 Japan - Kazan Reno 8622 
E t9l34 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8037 

R Callistopteris bauerana (Endl.) Copel. 19108 

R Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 

R 19108 Australia - Norfolk Is. 1910S 

E Crepidomanes boninense (Tagawa & iwatsuki) 

Iwalsuki 1 1 163 
E III63 Japan III63 

R Crepidomanes majoriae (Watts) Wakef. 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - (Jueensland 20681 

R Crepidomanes subclathratum (Iwatsuki) Iwatsuki 1/I63 

R 11163 Japan 11163 

R Hymenophyllum capillaceum Roxb. I8997 

R 18997 St Helena 13997 

R Hymenophyllum capurroi de la Sota 16336 

R 16336 Argentina 16336 

R 20176 Argentina - Tucuman 20/76 

V Hymenophyllum cuneatum Kume var. 

cuneatum I9ii6. 21305 

V 2;J05 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. (R.Crusoe & A.Selkirk 

Is.) 19116 

V 21305 Chile 2/J05 

R Hymenophyllum eboracense Croxall 2068; 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Hymenophyllum gracilescens Domin 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Hymenophyllum howense Browniie 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 

R Hymenophyllum kerianum Watts 206s; 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 
R Hymenophyllum moorei Baker 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 
R Hymenophyllum poilanei Tard. & C. Chr. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Hymenophyllum pumilum Hook. & Baker 2068/ 



E 
R 
R 



R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
Hymenophyllum rugosum C. Chr. & Skotisb. 19116 

V 21305 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9//6 
Hymenophyllum tayloriae Farrar & Raine 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -North Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

Hymenophyllum whitei Goy 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20681 
Reediella endlicheriana (PresI) Pichi-Serm. 2068I 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Serpyllopsis caespitosa (Gaudich.) C. Chr var. 
femandeziana c. Chr & Skottsb. 191 16. 21305 

V 2/J05 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. (R. Crusoe & A.Selkirk 

Is.) /9/;6 

Trichomanes draytonianum Brack. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Trichomanes exsectum Kunze /9//6, 2/J05 

V 2/J05 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. (R.Cnisoe & A.Selkirk 

Is.) /9/.'6 

V 2/J05 Chile 2/J05 

Trichomanes ingae C. Chr. /9//6. 2/J05 

E /9//a Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9//6 

Trichomanes philippianum Sturm /9//6. 2/J05 

E ;9//6 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9//6 

Trichomanes ridleyi Copel. 

R 14876 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 14876 

Trichomanes speciosum wuid. 8000, 20171 

E 20528 France 20528 

R 1 1495 Ireland (south-west) 11495 

V /9S06 Italy (Toscana - Apuan Alps) 19997 
R 20874 Spain (Cadiz & Atlantic coast) 8000 

V 20587 United Kingdom 19232 
I Portugal - Azores /20J2 

V 14161 Pomigal - Madeira 12032 
R /9S06 Spain - Canary Is. /20J2 

Trichomanes wallii Thwaites ex Trimen /025/ 
I /6/62 Sri Lanka 10251 



Lomariopsidaceae 

Number of genera; 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Pantropical to warm temperate. 



7-8 

G15 

17 



(2%) 



R Bolbitis simplex R.C. Moran 14244 

R 14244 Panama 14244 
R Edanyoa difformis Copel. 

R Philippines 

R Elaphoglossum beddomei siedgc /j88j 

R 13883 India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgin and Anamally 
mountains) 13883 

R Elaphoglossum calanasanicum Holttum /0278 

R Philippines /0278 

E Elaphoglossum dimorphum (Hook. & Grev.) T. 

Moore /8997 
E /92/i St Helena /S997 
R Elaphoglossum drakensbergense Schelpe 20604 

R 2060'< South Africa - Natal 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Orange Free State 20604 

R Elaphoglossum insulare C. Chr. 

R 19941 Tristan da Cunha (Gough Is.) 19941 



-13- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Lomariopsidaceae: Elaphoglossum 

R Elaphoglossum negrosensis Holttum I027S 

R Philippines I027S 

E Elaphoglossum nervosum (Bory) Christ 18997 

E I92n Si Helena !8997 
E Elaphoglossum nilgiricum Kraj. ex Sledge 11494 

E 11494 India ■ Kerala (Silent Valley) 11494 

E H494 India ■ Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) IJ494 

R Elaphoglossum pellucidum Gaud. 20«50 

I 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Elaphoglossum pendulifolium Tagav/a 20511 

R 20J// Taiwan 20511 
E Elaphoglossum seqjens Maxon & Morton ex Maxon 20883, 

19002 

I 20883 Pueno Rico 20883 

V Elaphoglossum stigmatolepis (Fee) Moore ;j«sj 

V ;j«Si India (Nilgin & Pulney Hills) 13883 

R Elaphoglossum losaense (Yatabe) Maldno III63 

R ;;mj Japan ni63 

R Elaphoglossum yoshinagae (Vaiabe) Makim iu63 

R /;;6J Japan ;/;6J 

R Microstaphyla furcata (L.f.) Fee 18997 

R 78997 St Helena /S997 

Loxsomataceae 

Number of genera: 2 

Number of species: 4 

Recorded threatened species: 2 (50%) 

New World tropical; New Zealand. 

V Loxsoma cunninghamii R. Br. ex Cunn. 86 

V New Zealand - North Is. 

E Loxsomopsis costaricensis Christ 9593 

E 959i Costa Rica 9593 



Marattiaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical and warm. 



4 

204 

11 



(5%) 



E Angiopteris chauliodonta Copel. 8049 

E 19)85 Pitcaira (Pitcaim Island) 8049 
R Angiopteris magna Ching ex Tard. & C. Chr. 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

R Archangiopteris cadieri Tard. & C. Chr. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

E Archangiopteris henryi Christ & Giesenh. 11139 

E 17617 China - Yunnan (Jinping & Pingbian) 
III39 

R Archangiopteris henryi Christ & Cies. var. somai 

(Hayata) Tagawa 20511 

R 20511 Taiwan 205// 
E Archangiopteris itoi Shieh 20511 

E 20511 Taiwan 205;; 

R Archangiopteris subintegra Hayaia 6057 

R 20985 Viemam 6057 

V Christensenia assamica (Griffith) ching 13883 

V 20756 China - Yunnan (south) 20756 

V 5374 India - Arunachal Pradesh 5374 

V J38S3 India - Assam ;j8Si 

R Danaea carillensis Christ 9026 



R ;;992 Costa Rica 9026 
R Danaea plicata Christ 1 1714 

R ;2;;; Costa Rica ;;7;.< 
I Marattia boninensis Nakai soi7 

1 Japan - Kazan Reno 8622 

V 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8037 

R Marattia purpurascens Vriese 3204 

R J20^ Ascension Is. 3204 



Marsileaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Temperate and tropical. 



3 
67 
8 (11%) 



E Marsilea azorica Launert & Paiva 12032. 20171 

E Portugal - Azores 12032 

I Marsilea batardae Launert ;789;. 20; 7; 

V 20076 Portugal ;20J2 
I 20874 Spain 206« 

V Marsilea botryocarpa Ballard 

V Kenya 

E Marsilea glomerata Launert 

E Kenya 

I Marsilea megalomania Launert 

I Kenya 

V Marsilea schelpeana Launert 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 2060^ 

R Marsilea vestita Hook & Grev. ssp. tenuifolia 

(Engelm. ex A. Braun) D.M. Johnson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Marsilea villosa Kaulfuss 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Oleandraceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species; 

Tropical to warm temperate. 



4 

91 
2 



(2%) 



Arthropteris altescandens (CoUa) J. Em. 

V ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. ;9;;6 
Oleandra ejurana C.J. Adams 7926 

V 6072 Ghana 7926 



Ophioglossaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species; 
Recorded threatened species: 

Temperate with some tropical. 



3 
81 
23 



(28%) 



Botrychium acuminatum W.H. Wagner 20850. 15826 
E 20850 Canada - Oniano 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

Botrychium atrovirens (Sahashi) iii63 
R 11163 Japan III63 
Botrychium campestre W.H. Wagner & Farrar ex W.H. & F. 

Wagner 20850. 15827 
E 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
I 20850 Canada - New Branswick 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 



-14- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Ophioglossaceae: Botrychium 



R 
R 
R 



E 


208SO 


Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 


E 


20850 


U.S. 


- Colorado 20850 


V 


20850 


U.S. 


■ Iowa 20850 


V 


20850 


U.S. 


- Michigan 20850 


V 


20850 


U.S. 


- Minnesota 20850 


I 


20850 


U.S. 


- Montana 20850 


I 


20850 


U.S. 


- Nebraska 20850 


Ex/E loaso 


U.S. 


- New York 20850 


E 


20850 


U.S. 


- North Dakota 208J0 


E 


20850 


U.S. 


■ Oregon 20850 


I 


20850 


U.S. 


- South Dakota 20850 


E 


20850 


U.S. 


- Wisconsin 20850 


E 


20850 


U.S. 


- Wyotning 20850 


Botrychium echo W.H. Wagner 2OS50 


I 


20850 


U.S. 


- Arizona 10850 


V 


20850 


U.S. 


- Colorado 20850 


E 


20850 


U.S. 


- Utah 20850 



Botrychium gallicomontanum Farrar & 

Johnson-Grob 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Minnesota (Frenchman's Bluff) 
20850 

Botrychium hesperium (Maxon & Clausen) W.H. Wagner & 
Lellinger 20850, 14352 



20850 Canada • 

20850 Canada ■ 

20850 Canada ■ 

20850 Canada - 



Alberta 20850 
British Columbia 20850 
Ontario 20850 
Saskatchewan 20850 



I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Colorado 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Wyoming 20850 

Botrychium lineare w.h. Wagner 2o«50 

I 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 

V 19095 Canada - Ontano 19095 
I 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
E 20850 U.S. -Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -Oregon 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Botrychium microphyllum (Sahashi) ni63 
R ;//M Japan JII63 
Botrychium minus (Hara) 11163 
R 11163 Japan 11163 

Botrychium montanum W.H. Wagner 20850. 14352 
E 20S50 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Botrychium mormo W.H. Wagner 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Minnesota 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 

Botrychium pallidum W.H. Wagner 20850 

I 20850 Canada • Manitoba 20850 

E 20850 Canada • Ontario 20850 

Ex/E 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Minnesota 20850 

Botrychium paradoxum W.H. Wagner 20850, I31S3 
E 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 



I 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

E Botrychium pseudopinnatum W.H. Wagner 20850. is826 

E 20850 Canada - Ontano 20850 

V Botrychium pumicola Coville ex Underwood 20850, 

19095 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Botrychium rugulosum W.H. Wagner 20850. 14352 

V 20850 Canada - Ontano 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Prince Edward Is. 20850 

V 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Connecticut 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Minnesota 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Vemiont 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Wisconsin 20850 

E Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc. var. compositum 

(Lasch) Milde 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Ophioglossum concinnum Brack. 20S50, ;;878 

V 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Ophioglossum femandezianum C.Cbi. 19116 

E /9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 
R Ophioglossum kawamurae Tagawa 11163 

R //;6J Japan ;;/6J 

R Ophioglossum lineare Schltr. & Brause 206s; 

R 2068/ Australia - Northern Temtory 2068/ 

R Ophioglossum namegatae Nisbida & Kurita 11163 

R 11163 Japan 11163 
R Ophioglossum parvum Nishida & Kurita 11163 

R ///6i Japan 11163 



Osmundaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Temperate and tropical. 



3 

18 

2 



{11? 



Leptopteris moorei (Baker) Christ 

V 14226 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 

Osmunda collina Sledge /025; 

I 16162 Sn Lanka 7025/ 



Parkeriaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species; 

Pantropical. 

R Ceratopteris gaudichaudii Brongn. 

R /SJJ8 U.S. - Guam /8JJ8 



(25% 



-IS- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pteridopsida: Plagiogyriaceae: Plagiogyria 

Plagiogyriaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical and subtropical, excluding Africa 



1 

36 

2 



(5%) 



R Plagiogyria japonica Nakai var. pseudojaponica 

(Nakailie) Iwatsuki III61 
R l}161 Japan 11163 

R Plagiogyria yakumonticola NakaHu: ni63 

R III63 Japan ni63 

Polypodiaceae 

Number of genera: 40-4 7 

Number of species: 1,068 

Recorded threatened species: 26 (2%) 

Cosmopolitan especially tropical. 
R Colysis elegans Kurata ii/63 

R 11163 Japan 11)63 

R Colysis evrardii Tard. 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

I Crypsinus okamotoi (Tagawa) Tagawa 2oj;; 

I 205;; Taiwan 205// 

V Crypsinus yakuinsularis Tagavia 11163 

V 11163 Japan ;;;6J 

E Dendroglossa minutula (Fee) Copel. //^w 

E 11494 India - Meghalaya (lOiasi hills) 11494 

V Drynaria meeboldii Rosensi. 138S3 

V /JSSJ India - Manipur 13883 

E Holcosorus bisulcatus (Hook.) Ching /./zo* 

E India - Aninachal Pradesh 11258 

R Lepisorus boninensis (Ching) Ching 11163 

R 11163 Japan 11163 
R Lepisorus mikawanus Kurata ;;;6j 

R /;;« Japan ;;;« 
I Leptochilus wallii (Baker) C. Chr. 10251 

I 16162 Sri Lanka (Deniyaya. Morawak Korale) 
10251 

I Loxogramme confertifolia Nakai 205;; 

I 205;; Taiwan 20511 

R Microsorium pappei (Mett. ex Kuhn) Tardieu 20604 

R 20«0'» Mozambique 20604 
R 20604 Zimbabwe 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Microsorum baithoensis Tu 6057 

R 15734 Vietnam 6057 
R Microsorum membranifolium (R.Br.) Ching 2068; 

R 20681 Australia • Queensland 2068; 
R Microsorum takhtajanii Tu 6057 

R 15734 Viemam 6057 

V Neocheiropteris palmatopedata (Baker) Christ 11139 

V /76;7 China - Guizhou 11139 

V ;76/7 China - Sichuan 11139 

V 7 76/7 China - Yunnan 11139 

R Neocheiropteris sapaensis Tu 6057 

R ;57J4 Viemam 6057 
Ex/E Platycerium grande (J. Smith ex Fee) Presl ;o278 
Ex/E ;22J« Philippines (Mt San Cristobal, Quezon) 



;;27/ 
Ex Platycerium ridleyi 20099 

Ex 20099 Indonesia - Kalimantan 20099 

Ex 20099 Indonesia - Sumatra 20099 

Ex 20099 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 20099 

Ex 20099 Singapore 20099 

R Pleopeltis nicklesii (Tard.) Alston 7926 

R Guinea (Keniekounde) 7926 

V Polypodium amamianum Tagawa 11163 

V 11163 Japan 11163 

E Polypodium espinosae Weath. ;95J6. 21305 

E 21305 Chile 2;i05 

V Polypodium intermedium CoUa ssp. 

intermedium 19116. 21305 

V /9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. ;9//6 

I Polypodium viridulum Alderw. 

I Indonesia - Irian Jaya 

R Pyrrosia liebuschii (Hieron.) Scheipe 5926 

R 5926 Tanzania (east Usambaras Mts.) 5926 

V Synammia intermedia (CoUa) Kunkel 

V Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 
R Thayeria cornucopia Copel. /0/49 

R Philippines (north) ;0y96 

Pteridaceae 

Number of genera: G - 7 

Number of species: 259 

Recorded threatened species: 19 (7%) 

Pantropical. 

E Pteris adscensionis Sw. 3204 

E 3204 Ascension Is. 3204 
I Pteris bakeric.Cbr. 17371 

I ;246« Peru ;246S 
R Pteris barombiensis Hieron. 

R Cameroon (Barombi) 

V Pteris berteroana Agardh ;9;;6. 21305 

V 2;j05 Chile • Juan Fernandez Is. (R.Crusoe & A.Selkirk 

Is.) ;9;;6 

R Pteris boninensis H. Ohba 11163 

R 11163 Japan 11163 
I Pteris COnfusa T. Walker ;025; 

I /6;62 Sn Lanka '/025; 
R Pteris ekemae Bent ;0672 

R Cameroon (Cameroon mt) 10672 

I Pteris gongalensis T. Walker /025/ 

1 76/62 Sn Lanka /025/ 
R Pteris kawabatae Kurata iii63 

R 11163 Japan 11163 
R Pteris kidoi Kurata 11163 

R 205// Taiwan 205// 

R 11163 Japan 11163 

R ftem kingiana Endl. /9/o« 

R /9/08 Australia - Norfolk Is. (Coastal cliffs) 
14288 

E Pteris lidgatei (Baker) Christ 20450 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20*50 

V Pteris nakasimae Tagawa ///6J 

V 11163 Japan 11163 

V Pteris paleacea Roxb. /S997 



-16- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pteridopsida: Pteridaceae: Pteris 

V J92JS St Helena /8997 

I Pteris praetermissa T. Walker 10251 

I 16162 Sn Lanka I02SI 
I Pteris reptans T. Walker 10251 

I 16162 Sn Lanka 10251 

R Pteris yakuinsularis Kurata 11163 

R 11163 Japan /;/6i 
E Pteris yamatensis Jagawa ni63 

E ;/;6j Japan ;;;6i 
R fteris zahlbruckneriana Endl. ;9;o8 

R ;9;os Australia - Norfolk Is. 19108 

Schizaeaceae 

Number of genera: 4-5 

Number of species : 14 3 

Recorded threatened species: 3 (2%) 

Pantropical and southern warm temperate. 
R Anemia bartlettii Mickel 9009 

R I975S Belize 9009 

V Anemia wrightii Baker 20«50 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20S50 

I Schizaea pusilla Pursh 2o««, 20850 

I 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20SS0 

I 20883 France • St Pierre & Miquelon 20S8J 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Delaware 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Jersey 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 

E 2088J Peru 208S3 

Thelypteridaceae 

Number of genera : 3 

Number of species: 1,000 

Recorded threatened species: 41 (4%) 

Pantropical; some subtropical and temperate. 

I Amauropelta hakgalensis Holttum 10251 

I 76/62 Sn Lanka ;025; 

I Amauropelta odontosora (Bonap.) Holttum 

I Cote d'lvoire 

E Chingia australis Holttum 2068; 

E 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Chingia pricei Holttum /0278 

R Philippines ;027« 

R Chingia urens Holttum /0278 

R Philippines ;027S 

V Christella clarkei (Bedd.) Holtt. 14782 

V 147S2 India - Sikkim /■<782 

V Christella kaumaunica Holttum 14782 

V 14782 India - Uttar Pradesh 14782 

R Coryphopteris didymochlaenoides (Clarke) 

Holtt. 14782 

R 14782 India - Meghalaya /■<782 
R Cyclogramma squamaestipes (Clarke) Tagawa /4782 

R /■<782 India - Sikkim 14782 
E Goniopteris bermudiana (Baker) Gilbert 

E Bermuda 

R Haplodictyum bulusanicum Holttum /0278 

R Philippines ;027S 

R Metathelypteris decipiens (Clarke) Ching 14782 



R 14782 India - Meghalaya (Khasi hills) /<7S2 
R /•»7S2 India - West Bengal (Darjeeling Himalayas) 
;^7«2 

R Oreopteris elwesii (Bak.) Holttum 13883 

R 13883 India - Sikkim (near Lachen) yj88J 

R Pneumalopteris oppositifolia (Hook.) Holttum 

R Equatorial Guinea - Bioko 11610 

R Equatorial Guinea - Pagalu //6yo 

R Pneumalopteris venulosa (Hook.) Holttum 

R Equatorial Guinea 

R Equatorial Guinea - Bioko 

R Equatorial Guinea • Pagalu 

I Pronephrium gardneri Holttum 10251 

I ;6;62 Sn Lanka ;025; 
I Pronephrium longipetiolatum (K. iwats.) Holtt. 205;/ 

I 20511 Taiwan 20511 
E Pseudocyclosorus gamblei Holttum & Grimes 14782 

E 14782 India -Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri& Palm Hills) 
14782 

E Pseudocyclosorus griseus (Baker) Holttum & 

Grimes 14782 
E 14782 India - Tamil Nadu 14782 
R Pseudophegopteris dianae (Hook.) Holttum /8997 

R M997 St Helena 78997 

V Stenogramma himalaica (Ching) K. Iwats. 14782 

V 14782 India (NW Himalayas) 14782 

R Thelypteris albicaulis (Fee) A.R. Smith 90/6 

R 79757 Mexico 9076 

Ex Thelypteris altissima (Holttum) Vorster 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
R Thelypteris banaensis C. Chr. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Thelypteris boninensis (Kodama ex Koidz.) 

IwatsuU 11163 

R 11163 Japan 11163 
E Thelypteris boydiae (Eat.) K. iwats. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Thelypteris crassiuscula (C. Chr. & Maxon) 

Leilinger 11714 
R 77992 Costa Rica 11714 

R Thelypteris ensiformis (C. Chr.) R. Tryon 7777.» 

R 77992 Costa Rica 777/'» 
E Thelypteris inabonensis Proctor 208SJ. 19002 

E 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

R Thelypteris knysnaensis N.C.Anthony & Scheipe 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 2060'< 

V Thelypteris mombachensis L.D. Gomez 9025 

V 9«6 Nicaragua 9025 

V Thelypteris oroniensis L.D. Gomez 9077 

V 9426 Costa Rica 9077 

E Thelypteris pilosa (M. Martens & Galeotti) Crawf. var. 

alabamensis Crawford 20850. 14704 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

R Thelypteris puberula A.R. Sm. var. sonorensis A.R. 

Sm. 20883. 20850. 19002 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
R 20883 Mexico 20883 

R Thelypteris sclerophylla (Poepp. ex Spreng.) 

Morton 20850 



-17- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pteridopsida: Thelypteridaceae: Thelypleris 

E 20S50 U.S. - Florida 20*50 
I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

R Thelypleris luerckheimii (J.d. Smith) Reed 90i6 

R 79757 Guatemala 90/6 
R 19757 Mexico 90;6 

E Thelypleris verecunda Proctor 208S3. 19002 

E 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

E Thelypleris yaucoensis Proctor 20883. 19002 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

I Trigonospora anguslifrons Sledge 10251 

I 16162 Sn Lanka W2SI 

I Trigonospora glandulosa Sledge 10251 

1 16162 So Lanka 7025; 

I Trigonospora obtusiloba Sledge ;025; 

I 16162 Sn Lanka /025; 

I Trigonospora zeylanica (Ching) Sledge 7025; 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 10251 

Vittariaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Pantropical to warm temperate. 
R 



8-9 

113 
2 



(1%) 



Anlrophyum annelii (Jeanp.) Tard. 

R Cameroon 

R Viltaria schaeferi Hieron. 

R Cameroon (Manengouba & Ebolowa) 

Woodsiaceae 

Number of genera: 18-20 

Number of species : 7 05 

Recorded threatened species: 3 (4%) 

Temperate to montane tropics. 

E Alhyrium atratum Beddome 11494 

E 11494 India - Manipur 11494 
R Alhyrium christensenii Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Alhyrium duthei (Bedd.) 14708 

R 14708 India • Sikkim 14708 

R 7^708 India - Unar Pradesh 74708 

R Alhyrium excelsius Nakai 75957 

R 75923 Korea, South (Mt, Chin, Mt. Paekyang, 
Yangdeog) 75957 

R Alhyrium masamunei Serizawa 7/763 

R 7776J Japan 77765 

R Alhyrium nikkoense Makino 7776J 

R 77765 Japan 11163 

R Alhyrium viridescentipes Kurata 77765 

R 77765 Japan 77765 

R Alhyrium yakusimense KurMa 11163 

R 77765 Japan 77765 

R Cysloathyrium chinense Cbing 11139 

R 776/7 China • Sichuan (Eriangshan) 77759 

V Cyslopteris douglasii Hook. 2osso 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Deparia bonincola (Nakai) M. Kato S622 

R 79/5.* Japan - Kazan Reno (Minami-Iwojima) 

8622 
R 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8622 



Ex/E 

V 
V 

I 

R 

I 

Ex 

R 

E 

R 

E 

R 

I 

I 

R 

I 

R 



Ex/E 



Deparia kaalaana (Copeland) M. Kato 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Deparia minamitanii (Serizawa) Kato 7//65 

V 77765 Japan ///65 

Deparia Otomasui (Kurata) Kato ///65 

V 77765 Japan 77/65 

Deparia polyrhizon (Baker) Sledge /025/ 

I /6/62 Sn Lanka 10251 
Diplazium amamianum Tagawa ///65 

R ///65 Japan ///65 
Diplazium COgnatum (Hieron) Sledge /0257 

I 76762 Sn Lanka /0257 

Diplazium laffanianum (Baker) c. Chr. 

Ex Bemiuda 

Diplazium lonchophyllum Kunze 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

Diplazium longicarpum Kodama 8037 

E I9I34 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8037 

Diplazium melanochlamys (Hook.) T. Moore 

R 14225 Austraha - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 
Diplazium molokaiense Robins. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Diplazium nigropaleaceum Kunze 78997 

R 79275 St Helena 78997 
Diplazium paradoxum Fee 7025/ 

I 76/62 Sn Lanka 10251 

Diplazium prescollianum (Wallich ex Hook.) 

Beddome 1144 

I 20099 Singapore 20099 
Diplazium telsuyamanakae Km-ata //765 

R 7//65 Japan ///65 
Diplazium zeylanicum (Hook.) T. Moore /025/ 

1 /6/62 Sn Lanka /025/ 

Gymnocarpium appalachianum Pryer 208SO 

I 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

Ex7E 20850 U.S. ■ Ohio 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -West Virginia 20850 

Woodsia andersonii (Beddome) Christ 77262 
Ex/E India - Uttar Pradesh (Kali Valley, Kumaon) 

7/262 

Woodsia cochisensis Windham 20SSO 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20S50 
E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Woodsia kitadakensis Ohvi 11163 

R 77/65 Japan ///65 



Gnetopsida 
Ephedraceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 



1 
40 

1 



(2%) 



Warm temperate North and South America; warm temperate 
Eurasia. 

R Ephedra califomica s.Watson zosss. 20850. 19002 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 



-18- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Gnetopsida: Ephedraceae: Ephedra 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20SS0 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20S50 

I 20883 Mexico 20S83 

R Ephedra califomica S.Wais. var. 

califomica 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20«SJ Mexico 20SSJ 

V Ephedra califomica S.Wats. \ar. funerea (CovUle 

6 Morton) L. Benson 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Anzona 20850 

V 20SJ0 U.S. - California 20850 

V 20«0 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Pinopsida 

Araucariaceae 

Number of genera: 2 

Number of species: 3 8 

Recorded threatened species: 3 (78%) 

Southern Hemisphere (excluding Africa) to Indochina and the 
Philippines. 

R Agathis atropurpurea B.Hyland 2068I. 20316 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20374 

V Agathis corbassonii de Laub. 20J29 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20329 

R Agathis endertii Meijer Drees 19727 

V 18270 Indonesia - Kalimantan 79727 
R /S270 Malaysia - Sabah 79727 

R 78270 Malaysia • Sarawak 79727 

V Agathis flavescens Ridley 79727 

V 20761 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 19727 

V Agathis kinabaluensis de Laub. 79727 

V 20767 Malaysia - Sabah (Mt Kinabalu) 79727 
R Agathis lanceolata Lindley ex Warb. 20329 

R 20893 New Caledonia 20J29 

V Agathis lenticula de Laub. 79727 

V 78270 Malaysia - Sabah (Mt Kinabalu) 79727 

I Agathis macrophylla (Lindl.) Mast. 20482 

I 8836 Solomon Is, - South (Santa Cruz, Utupua & 

Vanikoro) 20482 
I 27027 Vanuani 20482 

R Agathis microstachya J.F.Bailey & c.White 20i5s/. 

7 7778 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20687 

V Agathis montana de Laub. 20329 

V 2097 J New Caledonia (Mt Panic) 20437 

V Agathis moorei (Lindl.) Mast. 20329 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20329 

V Agathis orbicula de Laub. 79727 

V 78270 Malaysia - Sabah 79727 

V 78270 Malaysia - Sarawak 79727 

R Agathis OVata (Moore ex Vieill.) Warb. 20329 

R 2089J New Caledonia (soudi) 20J29 

R Agathis silbae de Laub. 20jji 

R 78270 Vanuatu 20333 

R Agathis spathulata de Laub. 79727 

R 78270 Papua New Guinea (east highlands) 79727 
R Agathis vitiensis (Seemann) Benth. & Hook.f. 7025J 

R 78270 Fiji 7025J 
R Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze 20883, 20438 



R 
E 
V 
E 
E 
V 
E 



E 20776 Argentina - Misiones (northeast) 20776 

20883 Bolivia 20883 

V 777'<6 Brazil - Minas Gerais 17746 

V 17746 Brazil ■ Parana 13928 

V 20767 Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 70J70 

V 7 7746 Brazil - Rio Grande do Sul 7i928 

V 17746 Brazil - Santa Calanna 7J928 

V 777-76 Brazil - Sao Paulo 17746 

V 20767 Paraguay 20883 

Araucaria araucana (Mol.) K. Koch 2088J. 750S8 

V 207 76 Argentina - Neuquen 20776 
R 2088J Chile 2088J 

Araucaria bemieri Buchh. 20329 
R 20893 New Caledonia 20J29 
Araucaria biramulata Buchh. 20329 

R 20893 New Caledonia 20329 

Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco 20464 

V 20767 Australia - Norfolk Is. (Norfolk and Philip 

Islands) 20464 

Araucaria humboldtensis Buchh. 20329 

V 2076/ New Caledonia 20329 
Araucaria laubenfelsii Corbasson 20329 

R 2089? New Caledonia 20329 
Araucaria luxurians (Brongn. & Gris) de Laub. 20329 

E 20893 New Caledonia 20J29 
Araucaria muelleri (Carriere) Brongn. & Gris 20329 

V 2097 J New Caledonia 18270 

Araucaria nemorosa de Laub. 20329 

E 20893 New Caledonia (Port Boise) 20i29 

Araucaria rulei F. Muell. 20J29 

E 20893 New Caledonia 20329 
Araucaria schmidii de Laub. 20329 

V 20767 New Caledonia (Mt Panic) 20329 

Araucaria scopulorum de Laub. 20329 
E 20893 New Caledonia (local on coast) 20329 
Wollemia noblei w.Jones & K.Hill ms. 20687 

E 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 



Cephalotaxaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Eastern Himalayas to Japan. 



(71%) 



Cephalotaxus hainanensis Li 20358 

V /970J China - Hainan Is. /76/7 
R 209SS Vietnam 20985 

Cephalotaxus lanceolata K.M.Feng 20358 

I 20767 China - Yunnan (Gongshan) 7/7J9 
I 20767 Myanmar (north) 7970J 

Cephalotaxus mannii Hook.t. 77677 

V 78270 China • Guangdong (Xinyi) 1 1 139 

V 18270 China - Guangxi (Rongxian) 777J9 

E 18270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (Metue; Zizhiqu) 
777J9 

V 18270 China - Yunnan 777i9 

V 20767 India - Assam (Mishmi Hills) 78270 

V 18270 India - Meghalaya (Khasi Hills; Jainda 

Hills) /8270 

V /8270 India - Nagaland (Naga Hills) 78270 

V 2076/ Thailand (north) 7970J 

V 78270 Vietnam 60J7 

Cephalotaxus oliveri Masters 7 7677 

V 78270 China - Guangdong (nordi) 7//i9 



-19- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pinopsida: Cephalotaxaceae: Cephalolaxus 

V IS270 China - Guangxi III19 

V 2076/ China - Guizhou ni39 

V IS270 China - Hubei 11139 

V IS270 China - Hunan 11139 

V IS270 China - Jiangxi 11139 

V IS270 China - Sichuan 1 1 139 

V IS270 China • Yunnan 11139 

V 2076; India (eastern) 2076/ 

V 2076; Vietnam (northern) 6057 

E Cephalotaxus wilsoniana Hayata 20o;8 

E 2076/ Taiwan (north & central) ;8270 

Cupressaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Cosmopolitan. 



18-19 

130 

64 



(49%) 



V Austrocedrus chilensis (D. Don) Pichi-Serm. & 

Bizzarri IS08S 

V 2076; Argentina (Questrihue) 18270 

V I387S Chile - Biobio 2076; 

R Callitris baileyi C.White 206s;. 2031s 

I 206S; AustraUa - New South Wales ;8270 
I 2068; Australia ■ Queensland ;8270 

R Callitris monticola J.Garden 2068I. 203IS 

I 206S; Australia - New South Wales 20j;6 
I 2068; Australia - Queensland 20316 

V Callitris neocaledonica Diimmer 20329 

V 209;j New Caledonia 20329 

V Callitris oblonga A.Rich. & Rich. 206s;. 20j;6 

V 2068; Australia - New South Wales 2068; 

E Callitris sulcata (Pari.) Schltr. 20J29 

E 20893 New Caledonia 20329 

V Calocednis formosana (¥\oTiD) ¥\oTm 2001a 

V 20j;; Taiwan (north and central) 200;8 

V Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz ;;;j9 

V IS270 China - Hainan Is, 1 1139 

V 78270 China - Guangxi Ilt39 

V 78270 China - Guizhou 1 1 139 

V ;8270 China - Yunnan II 139 

V 78270 Myanmar (north-east) 18270 
E 20985 Vietnam 6057 

R Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum. 2001 s 

R 20761 Taiwan (central and northern parts of Zhongyang 
Range) ;767 7 

R Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murr.) Pari. 2O850. 

20171 
1 20850 U.S. - California (coastal) 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Oregon (south-west) 20850 

V Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. & Zucc. yar.formosana 

(Hayata) Hayata 20078 

V 2076; Taiwan ;S270 

R Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) Britten, Sterns & Poggenburg 

var. henryae (H. L. Li) Little 20346 
R ;S270 U.S. - Alabama ;S270 
R ;8270 U.S. - Florida 18270 
R 18270 U.S. - Mississippi ;8270 

V Cupressus arizonica Greene var. montana (Wiggins) 

Little 20346 

V 2076; Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 20457 
R Cupressus arizonica Greene var. nevadensis 

(Abrams) Little ;9002 
R ;8270 U.S. - California (Piute Mts) 20457 



V Cupressus arizonica Greene var. stephensonii (C.B. 

Wolf) Little 20i.»6 

V ;8270 U.S. - California (Cuyamaca Mts) 20457 
E Cupressus atlantica Gaussen 18270 

E 20761 Morocco (southern, near Tizi-n-Test) 
70J70 

V Cupressus bakeri Jepson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V Cupressus cashmeriana Royle ex Carrilre S477 

V ;972J Bhutan 8477 

V Cupressus chengiana s.Y. Hu 18270 

V 7 767 7 China - Gansu (southern (Min River drainage): Zhouqu; 

Wudu: Wengxian) 7/7^9 

V 7 767 7 China - Sichuan (north-west) 11139 

E Cupressus chengiana S.Y. Hu \ar. jiangeensis (N. 

Chao) C.T. Kuan 78270 
E 78270 China - Sichuan 78270 

R Cupressus duclouxiana Hickel 7S270 

R 78270 China - Sichuan (soudiweslem) 78270 
R 18270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (southeastern) 

78270 
R 18270 China - Yunnan 78270 

E Cupressus dupreziana A. Camus 20jg9 

E ;8270 Algena 20JS9 

V Cupressus gigantea W. C. Cheng & L.K. Fu ;76;7 

V 20761 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (southeastern, Tsangpo River 

valley) 777J9 

E Cupressus goveniana Gord. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Cupressus goveniana Gord. var. abramsiana (C.B. 

Wolf) Little 20J'»6, 7996 
E 20767 U.S. - California (San Mateo & Santa Cruz 
mountains) 20346 

E Cupressus goveniana Gord. var. pygmaea 

Lenunon 205-^6 
E 20850 U.S. - California (Mendocino Co.) 20346 

V Cupressus guadalupensis S. Watson var. forbesii 

(Jepson) Little 20i'<6 

V 7972J U.S. - California (southwestern) 20457 

V 19723 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 

20«7 

E Cupressus guadalupensis s.Watson var. 

guadalupensis 18270 
E 18270 Mexico - Guadelupe 78270 
R Cupressus lusitanica Mill. var. benthamii (Endl.) 

Carriere 20344 
R 18270 Mexico - Hidalgo 20J« 
R ;8270 Mexico - Puebia 20344 
R ;8270 Mexico - Veracruz 20344 

R Cupressus macnabiana A. Murr. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Cupressus sargentii Jepson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 

R I Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I. M. Johnston 20883, 
15088 

E 2076; Argentina 20883 

E 20; 76 Argentina - Chubut 20176 

E 20; 76 Argentina - Neuquen 20176 

E 20; 76 Argentina - Rio Negro 20; 76 

E 2076; Chile 20883 

R Fokienia hodginsii (Dunn) Henry & Thomas 11139 

V 17617 China - Fujian (west and northwest) 



-20- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pinopsida: Cupressaceae: Fokienia 

17617 

V ; 76/ 7 China - Guangdong (northern) /76/7 

V 17617 China - Guangxi (northeast and souUi) 

;76/7 

V 17617 China - Guizhou (souUleast and northwest) 

;76/7 

V ;7«;7 China - Hunan (Dupang Shan) ;7«;7 

V 17617 China - Jiangxi (east and southwest ) 

776/7 

V 17617 China - Sichuan (south, south-east) 

;7is;7 

V 17617 China - Yurutan (southeastern & central ) 

7 76/7 

V 776/7 China - Zhejiang (southern) /76/7 

V 1S270 Laos (northern) 17940 
K 20915 Vietnam 7S270 

E Juniperus barbadensis L. 7S270 

E 1S270 St Lucia (Petit Piton) 1S270 
E Juniperus bermudiana L. 79407 

E 1S270 Bermuda /9407 

I Juniperus blancoi Martinez 907« 

I 20767 Mexico - Durango (El Salto) 901S 

I 2076/ Mexico ■ Mexico State (Cannona) 9018 

I 20761 Mexico - Sonora (north-east) 901S 

E Juniperus brevifolia (Seub.) Antoine 7*270, 20/7/ 

E 2076/ Ponugal • Azores 78270 
E Juniperus cedrus Webb & BertheL 78270 

E 2076/ Portugal - Madeira 78270 
E 20767 Spain - Canary Is. (Tenenfe. Palma) 
18270 

R Juniperus centrasiatica Komarov is27o 

R /S270 China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (Kuen Luen 
Mts.) /8270 

V Juniperus comitana Martinez 9004 

V /8270 Guatemala (north) 9004 

V /S270 Mexico - Chiapas (Columbretes Is.) 90/8 

E Juniperus communis L. var, megistocarpa Fern, & 

Si. John 20S50 
I 20i50 Canada - New Brtinswick 20S50 
I 20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20S50 

R Juniperus convallium Rehder & Wilson IS270 

R 78270 China - Sichuan (noith-west) /8270 
R /8270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south-east) 

/S270 

R Juniperus convallium Rebder & Wilson var. 

microsperma (Cheng & Fu) Silba 1S270 
R IS270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south-east) 
/8270 

I Juniperus deppeana Steud, var. patoniana 

(Martinez) T.A. Zanoni 9018 
I 20767 Mexico - Durango 9078 
I Juniperus deppeana Steud. var, zacatecensis 

Martinez 9018 
I 20767 Mexico - Durango 90/8 
1 2076/ Mexico - Zacatecas (west) 9018 

V Juniperus durangensis Martinez 18270 

V 78270 Mexico - Aguascalientes /8270 

V /8270 Mexico - Chihuahua 18270 

V /8270 Mexico - Durango /8270 

V /8270 Mexico - Jalisco /8270 

V /S270 Mexico - Sonora 18270 

V 18270 Mexico - Zacatecas /S270 

Ex/E Juniperus ekmanii Florin /8270 

Ex/E /8270 Haiti (Mome la Selle; Mome la Visite) 
19407 

V Juniperus gamboana Martinez /S270 



V 2076/ Guatemala (Huehuetenango) 9018 

V 2076/ Mexico - Chiapas 9018 

R Juniperus gaussenii Cbeng 18270 

R 78270 China - Yunnan 18270 
E Juniperus gracilior Pilg. /8270 

E 20761 Dominican Republic (Constanza) 9018 

E Juniperus jaliscana Martinez 20344 

E 2076/ Mexico - Durango (souUl) 78270 
E 2076/ Mexico - Jalisco (north-west) /S270 

R Juniperus komarovii Florin 18270 

R 78270 China - Sichuan (north) 78270 
I Juniperus lucayana Britton /s27o 

V 18270 Bahamas 19407 

I 20990 Cuba (Isla de Pinos) /8270 
Ex /8270 Haiti 18270 

V /8270 Jamaica 18270 

R Juniperus martinezii Perez de la Rosa 20344 

R 20761 Mexico - Aguascalientes 20344 
R 2076/ Mexico - Guanajuato 20344 
R 2076/ Mexico - Jalisco 9027 

R Juniperus pingii Cheng ex Y. de Ferre /8270 

R 2076/ China - Sichuan (west) /8270 
R 2076/ China - Yunnan (north-west) /S270 

R Juniperus przewalskii Komaroy 18270 

R 2076/ China - Gansu 18270 
R 2076/ China - Qinghai (east) /8270 
R 2076/ China - Sichuan (north) 78270 

V Juniperus recurva Buch-Ham. ex D. Don var. coxii 

(Jacks.) Melville 78270 

V 78270 China - Yunnan (north-west) 78270 

V 2076/ Myanmar (north-west) 20767 

I Juniperus standleyi Steyerm. 9004 

I 20822 Guatemala 78270 

I 20822 Mexico - Chiapas ( Tacana volcano) 9018 

I Juniperus taxifolia Hook, & Am, 8038 

I 2076/ Japan (Ryukyu Is.) 18270 
I 20767 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto (Bonin Is.) 
80J8 

E Juniperus urbaniana Pilg, & Ekman 78270 

E /8270 Haiti (Pic la Selle) 19407 

V Libocedrus austro-caledonica Brongn, & Gris 20J29 

V 20913 New Caledonia 20409 

E Libocedrus chevalieri Bucbh, 20329 

E 20893 New Caledonia (Mt Humboldt, Mt Kouakoue) 
20409 

V Libocedrus plumosa (P. Don) Sitig. 18270 

V 2076/ New Zealand 20J26 

E Libocedrus yateensis Ouillaumin 20J29 

E 2097i New Caledonia (Yate nver, Ouinne river) 

20409 

I Microbiota decussata Komarov 5942 

I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Khabarovsk 5942 
I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Primorye 5942 

E Neocallitropsis pancheri (Carriere) de Laub. 20J29 

E 209/J New Caledonia (South east) 20409 

V 1 Pilgerodendron uviferum (Don) Florin 70260 

V 20761 Argentina (Andes to Tiena del Fuego) 

20489 
E 20/76 Argentina - Chubul 20/76 
E 20776 Argentina - Neuquen 20/76 
E 20/76 Argentina ■ Rio Negro 20776 
E 20/76 Argentina - Santa Cruz 20/76 

V /S270 Chile (Region X to Tierra del Fuego) 

204/8 



-21- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pinopsida: Cupressaceae: PUgerodendron 

R Platycladus orientalis (L.f.) Franco isno 

I 5942 Tajikistan 5942 

I 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

R 78270 China ■ Gansu (south) IS270 

R 18270 China ■ Hebei IS270 

R 1S270 China - Henan IS270 

R 78270 China - Shaanxi (south) IS270 

R 78270 China - Shanxi IS270 

R 20767 Iran 20767 

R Tetraclinis articulata (Vahl) Mast. 7Ji57. 20777 

E 7iJ57 Malta (Maqluba - Qrendi) 7Ji57 

E 78270 Spain (Cartagena) 20406 

R 78270 Algena (north) 20430 

V 7S270 Morocco (north) 20430 
R 20767 Tunisia 20430 

R Thuja koraiensis Nakai 11139 

V 77677 China -Jinn(Changbaishan) 777J9 

I 20767 Korea, North (Kogen & south Kankeyo) 

20497 
R 75SI2J Korea. South (Mt Sorak, Mt Taebaek) 

7592J 

Ex Thuja sutchuenensis Franchet 777J9 

Ex 18270 China - Sichuan (north-east, near Chengkou) 
11139 

E Widdringtonia cedarbergensis Marsh 20604. 20J77 

E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (Cedarberg Mts. ) 
20604 

E Widdringtonia schwanii (Marloth) Mast. 2060.<. 78270 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province (Willowmore 
District) 20604 

Pinaceae 

Number of genera: 10-12 

Number of species: 250 

Recorded threatened species: 13 3 



(53%) 



Northern Hemisphere, south to Sumatra, Java, Central America 
and West Indies. 

E Abies beshanzuensis M.H. Wu 7 767 7 

E 780JS China ■ Zhejiang 8057 
R Abies bracteata (D. Don) D. Don ex Poit. 78270 

R 78270 U.S. - CaUfomia 78270 

I Abies chengii Rushroiih 78270 

I 20767 China • Yunnan (northwest) 7S270 

V Abies chensiensis Van Tieghem ssp. 

chensiensis IS270 

V 78270 China - Gansu (south-east) 78270 

V 7972J China - Henan (Nexiang) 77/^9 

V 78270 China - Hubei (west) 78270 

V 78270 China - Shaanxi (south) 78270 

I Abies chensiensis Van Tieghem ssp. 

yulongxueshanensis Rushforth JS270 

I 20767 China - Yunnan 2050 

V Abies durangensis Martinez var. coahuilensis (I.M. 

Johnston) Martinez 78270 

V 20767 Mexico - Coahuila 78270 

E Abies fanjingshanensis W.L. Huang, Y.L. Tu & S.Z. 

Fang 7767 7 
E 78270 China - Guizhou (north-east) 78270 
I Abies forrestii c. Coltm. Rogers var. georgei 

(Orr) Farjon 78270 
1 20767 China - Sichuan 78270 
I 20767 China - Xizang Zizhiqu 78270 
I 20767 China - Yunnan 78270 

V Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. 20850. IS270 



V 20850 V.S. - North Carohna (west) 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Tennessee (east) 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Virginia (south-west) 20850 

V Abies guatemalensis Rehder 20883 

V 20883 El Salvador 20S8J 

V 208SJ Guatemala 20883 

V 20883 Honduras 20883 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 1 Abies guatemalensis Rehder var. 

guatemalensis 18270 

V 20767 El Salvador 20376 

V 20767 Guatemala (west) 20J76 

V 20767 Honduras 20J76 

V 20767 Mexico (soudi) 20J76 

I I Abies guatemalensis ReMnyar. jaliscana 

Martinez 78270 
I 20767 Mexico - Jalisco 20J76 
I I Abies guatemalensis Rehder var. tacanensis 

(Limdell) Martinez 20344 
I 20767 Mexico - Chiapas (north) 2790 

V Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen var. 

hickelii I8270 

V 20767 Mexico • Chiapas 20344 

V 20767 Mexico - Guerrero 20344 

V 20767 Mexico - Oaxaca 20344 

V Abies hickelii Flous & Gaussen var. oaxacana 

(Martinez) Farjon & Silba 78270 

V 20767 Mexico - Guerrero 2790 

V 20767 Mexico - Oaxaca 2790 

R Abies hidalgensis Debreczy, R^cz & Guizar 2725J 

R 2725J Mexico - Hidalgo 21253 

R Abies koreana Wilson 75957 

R 20767 Russian Federation 75957 
R 20767 Korea, South 75957 

R Abies lowiana (Gord.) A. Murr. var. viridula 

Debreczy & Racz 21253 
R 2725J Mexico - Chihuahua 2725J 

E Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattel 70i70. 20777 

E 18270 Italy - Sicily 10370 

V Abies numidica de Lannoy ex Carriere 7S270 

V 18270 Algena (Mt Babor, Mt Tababor) 70487 
R Abies pinsapo Boiss. var. marocana (Trahut) 

Ceballos & Bolanos 78270 
R 20767 Morocco (Rif Mts) 78270 
R Abies pinsapo Boiss. \ar. pinsapo 19432 

R 20767 Spain 20660 

V Abies pinsapo Boiss. var. tazaotana (Cozar ex Hug. 

del Vill.) Pourtet 78270 

V 18270 Morocco (Mt Tazaol) 78270 

V Abies recurvata Masters var. recurvata 18270 

V 20767 China - Sichuan (Songpan) 78270 

V Abies sibirica Ledeb. ssp. semenovii (B.a. 

Fedtschenko) Farjon 78270 

V 78270 Kyrgyzstan 78270 

V 20767 China 20767 

V Abies squamata Masters 78270 

V 78270 China - Gansu (south) 7S270 

V 78270 China - Qinghai (south) 78270 

V 78270 China - Sichuan (west) 78270 

V 78270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu 78270 

R Abies veitchii Llndl. var. sikokiana (Nakai) 

Kusaka 78270 
R 78270 Japan (Shikoku) 78270 



-22- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pinopsida: Pinaceae: Abies 

V Abies vejarii Martinez ssp. mexicana (Martinez) 

Farjon 16386 

V 20761 Mexico - Coahuila (south-east) 18270 

V 2076/ Mexico - Nuevo Leon 18270 

E Abies yuanbaoshanensis Y.J. Lu & L.K. Fu n6i7 

E 18270 Ctima - Guangxi 11119 
R Abies zapotekensis Debreczy, Rara & Ramirez 21253 

R 21253 Mexico - Oaxaca 21253 

E Abies dyuanensis L.K. Fu & s.L. Mo I76i7 

E 18270 China - Guangxi (Ziyuan) III39 
E 18270 China - Hunan III39 

R Cathaya argyrophylla Chun & Kuang ui39 

R 20761 China - Guangxi (Longsheng. Jinxiu) 

11139 
R 20761 China - Guizhou (Daozheng. Tongxing, Tongxi) 

10439 
R 20761 China - Hunan (Luohandong. Bamianshan) 

17617 
R 2076/ China • Sichuan 10439 

V Cedrus brevifolia (Hook.f.) Henry IS270 

V M270 Cyprus (Mt. Tnphylos) 20761 

R Xete/eeria /o/tunej (Andr. Murr)Carriere ;;;j9 

R 2076/ China - Fujian III39 

- Guangdong 11139 

■ Guangxi 11139 

■ Gui2hou 2076/ 

- Hunan 2076/ 

- Jiangxi 2076/ 

- Yunnan 2076/ 

- Zhejiang 2076/ 



20761 China - 

2076; China - 

2076/ China ■ 

20761 China - 

2076/ China - 

2076/ China - 

2076/ China - 

2076/ Vietnam 2076/ 

Larix chinensis Beissmr 17617 

V ;76/7 China - Shanxi (Qingling) 11139 

Larix decidua Mm. ssp. polonica (Racib.) 

Domin 20/7/ 

V /S270 Poland (Carpathian Mts.) /8270 
R 19947 Romania (Carpathian Mts.) 20650 
E 2065J Ukraine (Carpathian Mts.) 206J0 

Larix griffithiana Hook. var. speciosa (Cheng & 

Law) SUba ;S270 
R 2076/ China - Sichuan /970J 
R 18270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south-east) 

18270 
R /S270 China - Yunnan (north-west) /8270 
R 2076/ Myanmar (North) /970J 

Larix mastersiana Rehder & E. Wilson /76/7 

V 2076/ China - Sichuan (west) 8482 

iMrix potaninii Batalin var. himalaica (Cheng & 
Fu) Farjon & Silba /8270 

V 18270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south (himalaya)) 

/S270 

V 2076/ Nepal 2076/ 

Nothotsuga longibracteata (Cheng) Hu ex C. N. 
Page /«270 

E /«270 China - Fujian (south) 8482 

18270 China - Guangdong (north) 84S2 
18270 China - Guangxi (north-east) 8482 
18270 China - Guizhou (north-east) 8482 
18270 China - Hunan (south-west) 8482 
11139 China - Jiangxi 11139 

Picea alcoquiana (Veitch ex Lindl.) Carriere var. 
acicularis (Shirasawa) Fitschen /8270 

V /S270 Japan (central (Yatsugadake mountains)) 

2050/ 

IHcea alcoquiana (Veitch ex Lindl.) Carriere var. 
alcoquiana i827o 



E 
R 



E 
V 



R /8270 Japan (central) 2050/ 
Picea alcoquiana (Veitch ex Lindl.) Carriere var. 

reflexa (Shirasawa) Fitschen /8270 
R /8270 Japan (central: Akaishi Range) 20501 
Picea aurantiaca Masters 17617 
E /8270 China ■ Sichuan (Kangding. Zheduo Shan) 
8482 

Picea brachytyla (Franch.) Pritzel 11139 

V /8270 China - Gansu (Zhueni; Zhouqu) 11139 

V /76/7 China-Henan(Xixia) ///J9 

V /8270 China - Hubei (West) /76/7 

V 18270 China - Shaanxi (Pingli; Langao; Fengxian) 

11139 

V /8270 China - Sichuan (east & north) /76/7 

V /8270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu 18270 

V /8270 China - Yunmn (north-west) /8270 

Picea brachytyla (Franch.) Pritzel var. complanata 
(Masters) Cheng ex Rehder /S270 

V /S270 China - Sichuan (west) /76/7 

V /8270 China - Yunnan (north-west) /76/7 

V /8270 India (north-east) /S270 

V 18270 India - Arunachal Pradesh /6J86 

V 18270 Myanmar (north) /6JS6 

Picea breweriana s.Watson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California (Siskiyou Mts) 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Oregon (south-west) 20850 

Picea chihuahuana Martinez 19894 

V /8270 Mexico - Chihuahua (south-west) /0600 

V /8270 Mexico - Durango (south) /0600 

V /8270 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 20480 

Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm. ssp. mexicana 

(Martinez) P. Schmidt /6J86 

V /8270 Mexico • Chihuahua 20'<75 

V /8270 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 19894 

Picea farreri C.N. Page & Rushforth 20507 
E /8270 Myanmar (Feng-Shui-Ling Valley) 20507 
Picea jezoensis (Sieb. et Zucc.) Carriere var. 

komarovii (V.N. Vasiljev) Cheng & Fu /8270 
R /8270 China - Jilin /6iS6 
R /8270 Korea. North /6J86 

Picea koraiensis Nakai var. koraiensis 18270 

R /8270 Russian Federauon (Ussuri River) /6iS6 
R /S270 China - Jilin /6iS6 
R /S270 Korea. North 16386 

Picea koraiensis Nakai var. pungsanensis (Uyeki ex 

Nakai) Schmidt-Vogt ex Farjon 18270 
R /8270 Korea, North (Mt Pungsan) /5957 
IHcea koyamae Shirasawa /8270 
E /8270 Japan (Yatsuga-take. Nagano) 2050/ 
Picea likiangensis (Franch.) Pritzel var. hirtella 

(Rehder & Wilson) Cheng ex Chen /8270 

V /S270 China - Sichuan (west) /S270 

V /8270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south-east) 

/8270 

Picea likiangensis (Franch.) Pritzel var. montigena 

(Masters) Cheng ex Chen /8270 
E 78270 China - Sichuan (south-west) /8270 
Picea likiangensis (Franch.) Pritzel var. rubescens 

Rehder & Wilson 18270 

V 18270 China - Qinghai (south) /8270 

V /8270 China - Sichuan (west) 18270 

V /8270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south-east) 

/8270 

I'icea maximowiczii Masters var. 
maximowiczii 18270 



-23- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pinopsida: Pinaceae: Picea 

V 20761 Japan (Yatsugadake Mountains. Fuji-san) 

20S0I 

V Picea maximowiczii Masters var. senanensis 

Hayashi 18270 

V 20767 Japan (Yatsugadake Mountains. Fuji-san?) 

20S0I 

R Picea meyeri Rebder & Wilson IS270 

R IS270 China ■ Gansu IS270 
R IS270 China - Hebei 1)270 
R 18270 China - Nei Monggol Zizhiqu (8270 
R ;«270 China - Shaanxi /«270 
R ;8270 China - Shanxi IS270 

V Picea neoveitchii Masters iiu9 

V /8270 China - Gansu (Tianshu; Huixian; Mingshan) 

1 1 139 
E ;«270 China - Henan (Neixiang) IS270 

V ;«270 China - Hubei (Xingshan; Badong) 11139 

V IS270 China - Shaanxi (souih) III39 

V 78270 China - Shanxi (Wuiai Shan) III39 

V 18270 China - Sichuan 78270 

V Picea omorika (Pancic) Purk. sooo. 20171 

R 27097 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2709/ 

V Picea purpurea Masters 78270 

V 78270 China - Gansu 78270 

V 18270 China - Qinghai (east) 78270 

V 78270 China - Sichuan 78270 

R Picea retroflexa Masters 78270 

R 78270 China - Sichuan (west) 78270 
R Picea spinulosa (GrifTilh) Henry 78270 

R 18270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south-east) 

18270 
R 78270 Bhutan 70777 
R 78270 India - Sikkim (east Himalaya) 70777 

R Picea torano (K. Kocb) Koehne 78270 

R 78270 Japan (Honshu. Kyushu. Shikoku) 20502 
R Picea wilsonii Masters 78270 



V 
R 



R 



R 
V 
R 



78270 China 

18270 China 

78270 China 

78270 China 



Gansu 78270 
Hebei 78270 
Hubei 18270 
Shaanxi 78270 



78270 China - Shanxi 18270 

18270 China - Sichuan (west) 18270 

Pinus arrmmiana Koidzumi 78270 

V 18270 Japan (Yakushima. Tanegashima) 70i70 

Knus aristata Engelm. 20850. 20171 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 208J0 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

Pinus arizonica Martinez var. cooperi (C.E.Blanco) 

Farjon 20767 
R 2088J Mexico 20883 

Pinus arizonica Martinez var. stormiae 

Martinez 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R 2088J Mexico 20883 

Pinus armandii Franch. var. mastersiana (Hayata) 
Hayala 78270 

R 78270 Taiwan 18270 

Pinus ayacahuite var. veitchii Shaw 20883 

R 20883 Mexico 20883 

Pinus balfouriana Grev. & Half. 20850. 19002 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Pinus balfouriana Jeffrey ex Andr. Murray ssp. 

austrina R. Mastrogiuseppe & J. Mastrogiuseppe 18270 



R 78270 U.S. - California (Tulare. Fresno and Inyo 
counties) 78270 

R Pinus balfouriana Jeffrey ex Andr. Miu-ray ssp. 

balfouriana 20761 
R 20767 U.S. - California (Klamath Mnts.) 20767 

V Pinus bhutanica Grierson, Long & Page 78270 

V 78270 Bhutan 70777 

R Pinus brutia Ten. var. eldarica (Medw.) 

Silba 78270 

V 18270 Azerbaijan (Georgian border) 78270 
R 18270 Afghanistan 78270 

R 78270 Iran 18270 

V Pinus brutia Ten. var. pityusa (Stev.) 

SUba 78270 

V 78270 Syria 18270 

V 7/552 Russian Federation (Caucasus) 77552 

V 78270 Georgia (Black Sea coast) 78270 

V 78270 Ukraine - Cnmea 20654 

V Pinus bungeana Zucc. ex Endl. 78270 

V IS270 China - Gansu (soudi) 78270 

V 78270 China - Hebei 18270 

V 78270 China - Henan 78270 

V 78270 China - Hubei (Badong Xian) 78270 

V 78270 Chma - Shaanxi 78270 

V 78270 Chma - Shanxi 18270 

V 78270 China - Sichuan (north) 78270 

R Pinus canariensis Sweei ex Spreng. 18220.20171 

R 78270 Spain - Canary Is. 78270 

V Pinus catarinae M.-F. Robert-Passini 2088J. 14279 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Pinus cembroides Zucc. ssp. lagunae (M.-F. 

Fassini) D.K. Bailey 7.^279 

V 78270 Mexico - Baja California Sur (Sierra de la 

Laguna) 20465 

R Pinus cembroides Zucc. ssp. orizabensis D.K. 

Bailey 20883, 18270 
R 20883 Mexico 20883 
R 78270 Mexico - Puebia 20465 
R 78270 Mexico - Tlaxcala 20465 
R 78270 Mexico - Veracruz 20465 

R Pinus chihuahuana Engelm. 78270 



R 


78270 U.S. - Anzona (south) 78270 


R 


78270 U.S. - New Mexico (soudi-west) 18270 


R 


18270 Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental) 78270 


R 


78270 Mexico - Chihuahua 20344 


R 


18270 Mexico -'Durango 20344 


R 


18270 Mexico - Jahsco 20344 


R 


18270 Mexico - NayanI 20344 


R 


18270 Mexico - Sonora 20344 


R 


18270 Mexico - Zacatecas 20344 



Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex 

Sarg. 20850. 18270 
R 78270 U.S. - Alabama (Baldwin County) 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. bolanderi 

(Pari.) Vasey 20850. 18270 

V 20850 U.S. -California (Mendocino County) 

20850 

Pinus contorta Doug, ex Loud. var. murrayana 

(Bair.) CrilcbTield 20346 
1 19848 Mexico 79848 

Pinus coulteri D. Don 70767 
R 18270 U.S. - California 18270 
I 79848 Mexico 19848 

V 16360 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 

70767 



-24- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pinopsida: Pinaceae: Pinus 

V Pinus Culminicola Andresen & Beaman 108S3. 10567 

E 18270 Mexico - Coahuila 20479 
E 18270 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 20479 

E Pinus dabeshanensis w.c.Cheng & Y.w.Law 11139 

E 17617 China ■ Anhui 11139 
E 17617 China - Henan 11139 
E 17617 China - Hubei 11139 

E Pinus dalatensis Y. de Ferre 18270 

R 2098S Viemam (Mountains north of Dalat) 20456 

R Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc. \aT.funebris 

(Komarov) Liou & Wang 18270 

V 18270 Russian Federation (maritime province) 

20497 
R 18270 Korea. North 20497 

R Pinus durangensis Mart. 20883 

R 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Pinus fenzeliana Hand.-Mazz. is270 

V 18270 China • Hainan Is. 18270 

V 18270 Viemam 18270 

R Pinus gerardiana Wallich ex D.Don 18270 

R 18270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south) 18270 
R IS270 Afghanistan (east) 10483 
R 18270 India - Jammu & Kashmir 78270 
R /S270 Paliistan (north) 20456 

R Pinus greggii Engelm. 20883. 18270 

R 14279 Mexico - Coahuila (south) 20J76 

R 14279 Mexico • Hidalgo 20J76 

R 14279 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 20458 

R 14279 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 20376 

V Pinus halepensis Miller var. ceciliae 

Llorens 

V Spain - Balearic Is. 

V Pinus heldreichii H.Christ var. 

heldreichii 8000. 20171 

V /S270 Greece (Olimbos) 8000 

R Pinus heldreichii H.Christ var. leucodermis (Ant.) 

Markgraf ex Fitschen 8000. 20171 
R 18270 Albania 18270 
R ;«270 Greece ;8270 
R 18264 Italy (Basilicatai Campania) 18264 
R 78270 (former) Yugoslavia (south) 18270 

R Pinus herrerae Martinez /8270 

R ;«270 Mexico (south-west) 20J76 

R ;«270 Mexico - Colima 20J« 

R 78270 Mexico • Durango 20J« 

R 78270 Mexico - Guerrero 20J« 

R 78270 Mexico - Jalisco 20344 

R 78270 Mexico - Michoacan 20344 

R 7S270 Mexico - Sinaloa 20344 

V Pinus jaliscana Perez de la Rosa 20883. 18270 

V 78270 Mexico - Jalisco (west) 7-»279 

R Pinus johannis m.-f. Robert 9027 

R 18270 Mexico - Coahuila 14279 
R 18270 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 7«79 
R 78270 Mexico - Zacatecas 9021 

E Pinus krempfii Lecomte 6057 

R 20985 Viemam (Khanh Hoa. Lam Dong) 75760 

V Pinus kwangtungensis Chun Tsiang mn 

V 776/7 Chma - Guangdong (north) 77/J9 

V 77677 China • Hainan Is. (Mt. Wuzhi) 776/7 

V 77677 China - Guangxi (south & north-east) 

11139 

V 77677 China - Guizhou (Dushan) 79728 

V 7 7677 China - Hunan (southwest) /77J9 

V 20985 Viemam 20454 



Pinus latteri Mason 78270 
R 7S270 China - Guangdong 78270 
R 78270 China - Hainan Is. 78270 
R 78270 China - Guangxi 18270 
R 18270 Myanmar (east) 78270 
R 18270 Viemam (north) 78270 

Pinus lawsonii Roezl ex Gordon & Glend. 78270 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



18270 Mexico (south) 78270 
18270 Mexico - Guerrero 7'<279 



78270 Mexico - Jalisco 14279 

18270 Mexico • Mexico State 7'«279 

78270 Mexico - Michoacan 7«79 

18270 Mexico - Oaxaca 7.<279 

78270 Mexico - Puebla /•»279 

R Pinus lawsonii Roezl var. gracilis Debreczy & 

Racz 21253 
R 21253 Mexico - Oaxaca 2723J 
R Pinus longaeva D.K. Bailey 20850. I8270 

V 20SS0 U.S. - California (east) 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Nevada (south) 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Pinus luchuensis M^yr 78270 

R 78270 Japan (Luchu) 78728 
R Pinus lumholtzii Robinson & Femald 78270 

R 78270 Mexico (west) 78728 

R 18270 Mexico - Aguascalientes 20344 

R 78270 Mexico - Durango 20344 

R 18270 Mexico - Guanajuato 20344 

R 18270 Mexico - Jalisco 20344 

R 78270 Mexico - Nayarit 20344 

R 18270 Mexico - Sinaloa 20J« 

R 78270 Mexico - Sonora 20344 

R 78270 Mexico ■ Zacatecas 20344 

R Pinus martinezii Larsen 20883. 14279 

V 78270 Mexico - Jalisco (west) 78270 

V 78270 Mexico - Michoacan 14279 

E Pinus massoniana Lambert var. hainanensis 

W.C.Cheng & L.K. Fu 777J9 
E 77677 China - Hainan Is. (Yajiadaling) 78270 
E Pinus maximartinezii Rzedowski 20883. 9019 

E 208SJ Mexico 20883 

E 78270 Mexico - Zacatecas 20509 

V Pinus michoacana Mart. var. quevedoi 

Mart. 20883 

V 20SSJ Mexico 20883 

R Pinus morrisonicola Hayaia 18270 

R 78270 Taiwan (central mountains) 20018 

V Pinus muricata D. Don 20883. 20850. i827o 

R 18270 U.S. - California (Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa 

Is.) 20850 
I 20SS3 Mexico 20883 

R 18270 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 

20«6 

E Pinus muricata D. Don var. muricata 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Pinus nelsonii Shaw 20883. I8270 

R 20883 Mexico 20883 

R 7.<279 Mexico - Coahuila (Carmen Mts) 78270 

R 7'<279 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 78270 

R 7-»279 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14279 

R 14279 Mexico - Tamaulipas 14279 

I Pinus nigra ssp. banatica 17823 

I 7782i Czech Republic 77S2J 
I 17823 Slovakia 7782J 

R Pinus nigra J.F.Amold ssp. dalmatica (Visiani) 

Franco 8000. 20171 



-25- 



R 



R 



R 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pinopsida: Pinaceae: Pinus 

R J4279 (former) Yugoslavia (Dalmalia) 70567 
R Pinus oaxacana (Mart.) Mirov var. diversiformis 

Debeczy & Racz 21253 
R 2l2Si Mexico • Oaxaca 21253 

V Pinus occidentalis Sw. is270 

V 18270 Dominican Republic 20460 
R Pinus oocarpa Mart. var. trifoliala 

Mart. 20SS3 
R 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Pinus patula Schltdl. & Cham. ssp. tecunumanii 

(Eguiluz & Perry) Styles 18270 
E ;0J70 Belize 20«5 

/«270 El Salvador ;0J70 
78270 Guatemala ;0J70 
;8270 Honduras 20471 
18270 Mexico - Chiapas 20445 
18270 Mexico - Oaxaca 18270 
10370 Nicaragua ;0J7O 

Pinus peuce Gnseb. is270. 20171 

E 20/78 Albania ;0J70 

R ;8270 Bulgaria (west) 10370 

R 78270 Greece (extreme north) ;0J70 

R 18270 (fotmer) Yugoslavia (south) /0i70 

Pinus pinceana Gord. 20883. 18270 

R 2076/ Mexico - Coahuila 14279 

R 2076/ Mexico ■ Hidalgo /■<279 

R 2076/ Mexico - Queretaro /•>279 

R 2076/ Mexico - San Luis Potosi 18270 

R 2076/ Mexico ■ Zacatecas /•<279 

Pinus pseudostrobus Mart. var. apulcensis 

(Lindley) A.R.Shaw 208SJ 
R 20883 Mexico 20883 

R Pinus pseudostrobus Luidl. var. estevesii 

Martinez ;8270 
R 14279 Mexico - Coahuila ;«79 
R /•»279 Mexico ■ Nuevo Leon /•»279 
R 14279 Mexico - Tamauiipas /';279 

R Pinus quadrifolia Pari, ex Sudworth 20883. 208SO. 

18270 
R y8270 U.S. - California (south) 20850 
R 2088J Mexico 20883 
R 18270 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula ;S270 

E Pinus radiate D. Don var. binata (Engehn.) 

Lemn. 20883. 14279 
E 20SSJ Mexico 20883 
E Pinus radiata D. Don var. radiata 

D.Don 20883. 20850. 20171 
E 20850 U.S. - California (south) 20850 
R Pinus reflexa Engehn. I9850 

R 79850 Mexico 79850 
R Pinus remota (Little) D.K. BaUey & Hawksworth 78270 

R 78270 U.S. - Texas (south-west) (8270 
R 18270 Mexico - Chihuahua (east) 78270 
R 78270 Mexico ■ Coahuila 18270 
R 78270 Mexico - Nuevo Leon (west) 78270 

E Pinus nedowskii Madrigal et Caballero 208SJ, 14279 

E 79850 Mexico - Michoacan (west) 20344 

V Pinus strobus L. var. chiapensis 

Martinez 20767 

20767 Guatemala (El Quiche) 2088J 

20767 Mexico 9004 

20761 Mexico - Chiapas 20i76 



20767 Mexico - Guerrero 7'»279 
20767 Mexico - Oaxaca 20376 
20767 Mexico - Puebla 20J76 



V 20767 Mexico - Veracruz 20376 

I Pinus sylvestris L. var. crelacea (Kalen.) 

Komarov 5942. 20171 
1 5942 Ukraine 5942 

V Pinus sylvestris L. var. mongolica 

Litv. 777J9 

V 7S270 China - Heilongjiang 11139 

V 7 767 7 China - Nei Monggol Zizhiqu (Dallinggan Shan) 

7 7677 

V 78270 Mongolia (Greater & lesser Hinggan Ling) 

77677 

V Pinus sylvestris ssp. nevadensis (Christ) 

Heyw. 15398 

V 75J98 Spain (Sierra Nevada) 75J9S 

V Pinus sylvestris L. var. sylvestriformis (Taken.) 

Cheng ex CD. Chu 78270 

V 78270 China - Jilin (Changbaishan) 77677 

R Pinus tabuliformis Carriere var. henryi (Mast.) 

C.T. Kuan 78270 
R 78270 China - Hubei 78270 
R 78270 China - Shaanxi 78270 
R 78270 China - Sichuan 78270 

R Pinus taiwanensis Hayata var. damingshanensis W.C. 

Cheng & L.K. Fu 78270 
R 78270 China - Guangxi (Darning Shan) 78270 
R 78270 China - Guizhou 78270 

E Pinus torreyana Parry ex Carr. 20850. 18270 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Pinus torreyana Parry ex Carr. ssp. insularis 

Haller 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Pinus torreyana Parry ex Carr. ssp. 

torreyana 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Pinus wangii Hu & Cheng 78270 

E 7 7677 China - Yunnan 777J9 

V Pinus washoensis Mason & Slockwell 20850. 18270 
I 20850 US, ■ California (north-east) 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Nevada (Washoe Co.) 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Pinus yunnanensis Franch. var. tenuifolia W.C. 

Cheng & Y.W. Law 78270 
R 18270 China - Guangxi 78270 
R 78270 China -Guizhou 78270 

R Pseudolarix amabilis (Nelson) Rehder 18270 

■ Anhui (south) 79728 

■ Fujian (north) 78270 

- Henan(Gushi) 7 767 7 

- Hubei (Lichuan) 79728 

- Hunan 78270 

- Jiangsu 79728 

• Jiangxi (north) 78270 

• Sichuan (Wanxian) 19728 
18270 China - Zhejiang (north) 78270 

V Pseudotsuga brevifolia w.c. Cheng & L.K. Fu 77677 

V 7 76/7 China • Guangxi (southwest & northwest) 

7 7677 

V 77677 China -Guizhou (Libe. Anlong) 77677 

R Pseudotsuga flahaultii ¥\ous 19850 

R 79850 Mexico 79850 

V Pseudotsuga forrestii Craib 17617 

V 77677 China - Sichuan (Mianning. Xichang) 

777J9 

V 77677 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (Chayu) 777J9 



R 


77677 


China 


E 


78270 


China 


R 


77677 


China 


R 


17617 


China 


E 


18270 


China 


R 


17617 


China 


E 


18270 


China 


R 


7767 7 


China 


E 


18270 


China 



-26- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pinopsida: Pinaceae: Pseudotsuga 

V ;76;7 China - Yunnan (northwest) ;;»9 
V Pseudotsuga gaussenii vxous I76i7 

■ Anhui (southeast) 1 1139 
Fujian (Jianning) II 139 



17617 China - 
17617 China - 

J76/7 China • Jiangxi (Dexing) III39 
18270 China - Sichuan 18270 
I76I7 China - Zhejiang (north & northwest) 
}II39 



Pseudotsuga guinieri Flous i98so 

R I9S50 Mexico I9SS0 
Pseudotsuga japonica (Shiras.) Beissner 18270 

V 18270 Japan (Honshu. Kyushu. Shikoloi) 20S0I 
Pseudotsuga macrocarpa (Vasey) Mayr 20850. 18270 

R ;8270 U.S. - California (south) 20850 
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco var. oaxacana 
Debreczy & Racz 2/ 25 J 

R 2/25J Mexico - Oaxaca 2)253 

Pseudotsuga rehderi Flous 19848 

R 19848 Mexico 19848 

Pseudotsuga sinensis Dode I76i7 



V 


/76/7 China 


Guizhou III39 


V 


/76;7 China 


Hubei III39 


V 


;76/7 China 


Hunan II 139 


V 


y76;7 China 


Shaanxi (Zhengping) 11139 


V 


7 76; 7 China 


Sichuan II 139 


V 


/972i China 


Xizang Zizhiqu /972J 


V 


;76;7 China 


Yunnan 11139 



Pseudotsuga wilsoniana Hayata 200/8 
R 205// Taiwan 20018 

Tsuga caroliniana Engelm. 208S0. IS270 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Tennessee 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

Tsuga chinensis (Franch.) Prilzel var. 

oblongisquamata W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu 18270 

V /8270 China - Gansu (Zhouqu) /9728 

V /S270 China - Hubei (west) 19728 

V /8270 China - Sichuan (northeast, west & north) 

/9728 

Tsuga chinensis (Franch.) Pritzel var. robusta 
W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu /8270 

V ;8270 China - Hubei /8270 

V /8270 China - Sichuan (Yalong valley) /8270 

Tsuga chinensis (Franchet) Pritzel var. 

tchekiangensis (Flous) Cheng & L.K. Fu /76/7 

V /76/7 China - Anhui (Huangshan) III39 
17617 China - Fujian (Wuzi Shan) /9728 
/76/7 China - Guangdong (Ruyuan) III39 

- Guangxi (Dayao Shan) /76;7 

- Guizhou (Guiyiang) 11139 

- Hunan (Lingxian. Guidong) 1 1 139 

- Jiangxi (Qianshan) 11139 

- Yunnan (Maguan, Malipo) III39 

- Zhejiang (northwest & southern) 



/76/7 China - 
/76/7 China - 
/76/7 China - 
/76/7 China - 
/76/7 China - 
;76/7 China - 
11139 

Tsuga forrestii Dov/oie 17617 

V 18270 China - Guizhou (Fanjinshen) /S270 

V /8270 China - Sichuan (south-west) III39 

V /8270 China - Yunnan (north-west) 1 1 139 

Tsuga mertensiana (Bong.) Carriere ssp. mertensiana 

yar.jeffreyi (Henry) Schneider /S270 
R ;S270 Canada - British Columbia (Vancouver Island) 

/8270 
R ;S270 U.S. - Washington (north) /S270 



Podocarpaceae 

Number of genera: 6-17 

Number of species: 125 

Recorded threatened species ; 7 (56%) 

Mostly Southern Hemisphere, extending north to Japan, 
Central America, and West Indies. 

E Acmopyle sahniana Buchh. & N.E. Gray 10253 

E 2076/ Fiji (Viti Levu) /025J 

I Afrocarpus usambarensis (Pilg.) C.N. Page 20342 

I 2076/ Tanzania (Mbulu & Lushoto) ;S270 

R Dacrycarpus kinabaluensis (Wasscher) de Laub. /9727 

R 2076/ Malaysia - Sabah (Mt Kinabalu) /9727 
R Dacrycarpus Steupii (Wasscher) de Laub. /9727 

R 2076/ Indonesia - Irian Jaya /8270 
Ex 19723 Indonesia - Kalimantan (nr Balikpapan) 
/9727 

E 19723 Indonesia - Sulawesi (Latimodjong Mts) 
/9727 

I Dacrydium comosum Comer /9727 

I 2076/ Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 20«2 

R Dacrydium comwalliana de Laub. /9727 

R /8270 Indonesia - Irian Jaya /9727 
R 78270 Papua New Guinea /9727 

V Dacrydium ericioides de Laub. 79727 

V 18270 Malaysia - Sarawak (Mertirong plateau) 

/9727 

R Dacrydium gibbsiae stapf 79727 

R 18270 Malaysia ■ Sabah (Mt Kinabalu) 20477 

V Dacrydium gracilis de Laub. 79727 

V 78270 Malaysia - Sabah (Mt Kinabalu) 20477 
E Dacrydium guillauminii Buchh. 20J29 

E 20S9J New Caledonia 20329 

V Dacrydium leptophyllum (Wasscher) de Laub. 79727 

V 78270 Indonesia - Irian Jaya (Mt Goliath) 

79727 

V Dacrydium lycopodioides Brongn. & Oris 20329 

V 209/J New Caledonia (south-east) 20329 

V Dacrydium nausoriense de Laub. 10253 

V /S270 Fiji (Viti Levu) 10253 

R Dacrydium spathoides de Laub. 79727 

R 18270 Indonesia - Irian Jaya /9727 
R Falcatifolium angustum de Laub. 19727 

R 18270 Malaysia - Sarawak (Two locations on die 
coast.) /9727 

R Falcatifolium gruezoi de Laub. /9727 

R /8270 Indonesia - Moluccas /9727 
R /8270 Indonesia - Sulawesi /9727 
R 18270 Philippines /9727 

V Halocarpus kirkii (F. Muell. ex Pari.) Quinn 20328 

V 20761 New Zealand - North Is. (between Hokiana and Manukau 

Harbour) /8270 

V Lepidothamnus fonkii Phil. 20J28 

E /6JJ6 Argentina 20489 

E 20/76 Argentina - Chubut 20489 

E 201 76 Argentina - Neuquen 20489 

E 20/76 Argentina - Rio Negro 20'<S9 

V /8270 Chile (Valdivia, Cordillera Pelado, Chiloe 

Island) 20«7 

E Microstrobos fitzgeraldii (F.MueU.) J.Garden & 

L.A.S.Johnson 20687, 20057 
E 2068/ Australia - New Soudi Wales 20681 



-27- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Pinopsida: Podocarpaceae: Microstrobos 

R Microstrobos niphophilus J.Garden & 

L.A.S.Johnson 2068/. 20316 
R 18270 Australia - Tasmania 20372 
V A'ageia/Zeury' (Hickel)deLaub. 20367 

V 18270 China - Guangdong (Gaoyao; Longmen & 

Zengcheng) 17617 

V 18270 China - Guangxi (Hepu) 17617 

V 18270 China ■ Yunnan (Mengzi; Pingbian) 17617 



I 

R 



R 
R 



18270 Kampuchea IS270 
20985 Viemam 18270 



Nageia formosensis (Diimmer) C.N.Page 20018 

R 18270 Taiwan (south) 18270 
Nageia maximus (de Laub.) de Laub. 19727 

R 18270 Malaysia - Sarawak 20367 
Podocarpus affinis Seemann 10253 

R 18270 Fiji (Vim Levu, Namosi, Voma Peak) 
10253 

Podocarpus angustifolius Griseb. 20368 
I 20990 Cuba (Las Villas, Pinar del Rio) 20368 
Podocarpus annamiensis N.E. Gray 20454 

V 19703 China - Hainan Is. 11139 
R 18270 Myanmar (east) 18270 

V 15734 Vietnam 6057 

Podocarpus atjehensis (Wasscher) de Laub. 79727 
R M270 Indonesia • Sumatra (Gajo Lands) /SI727 
R 18270 Papua New Guinea (Wissel Lakes) 79727 

Podocarpus bomeensis de Laub. 79727 

R 75270 Indonesia - Kalimantan (incl. Karimata Island) 

79727 
R Malaysia - Sabah 14184 

Podocarpus capuronii de Laub. 20419 

V 7«270 Madagascar (Mt. Ambatomenaloha) 20352 
Podocarpus costalis C. Presl 7027« 

E 20511 Taiwan (Orchis Is.) 20078 

V 20767 Philippines (Luzon strait Is.) 20.MJ 

Podocarpus costaricensis de Laub. 20356 

V 7S270 Costa Rica (San Marcos de Irazu) 20J5i 

V 18270 Panama 20353 

Podocarpus decumbens N.E. Gray 20329 
E 2097J New Caledonia 20329 
Podocarpus deflexus Ridley 79727 

R 78270 Indonesia - Sumatra (Gajo Lands) 79727 
R 78270 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 79727 

Podocarpus dispermus c.White 206SI. 20316 

R 20687 Australia ■ Queensland 20687 
Podocarpus fasciculus de Laub. 20018 

R 18270 Taiwan 20778 

R 78270 Japan (Ryukyu Islands) 7S27D 

Podocarpus gibbsii N.E. Gray 79727 

V 78270 Malaysia - Sabah (MtKinabalu) 20'<77 
Podocarpus globulus de Laub. 19727 

R 78270 Indonesia - Kalimantan (northern (Mt Kinabalu, Mt 
Salim)) 79727 

Podocarpus hispaniolensis de Laub. 20343 

V 18270 Dominican Republic (Cordillera central) 

20365 

Podocarpus humbertii de Laub. 20352 

V 78270 Madagascar 20JJ2 

Podocarpus laubenfelsii Tiong 20-»87 

R 78270 Indonesia • Kalimantan 79727 

Podocarpus longifoliolatus PUg. 19748 

V 2097J New Caledonia 20J29 



V Podocarpus lophatus de Laub. 20443 

V 78270 Philippines (Mt Tapulao) 20443 
R Podocarpus lucienii de Laub. 20j29 

R 20973 New Caledonia 20J29 
I Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunberg ex Murray) D.Don var. 

piliramulus Z.X.Chen & Z.Q.Li 19728 
1 79728 China • Hubei (Zhoushan) 19728 

R Podocarpus madagascariensis Baker 20362 

R 696J Madagascar 20J52 

V Podocarpus madagascariensis Baker var. procerus de 

laub. 20352 

V 78270 Madagascar (Fort Dauphin) 20352 

R Podocarpus monteverdeensis de Laub. 20J5i 

R 18270 Costa Rica (Cordillera de Tilaran, Monieverde 
Res.) 20J66 

V Podocarpus nubigenus Lindl. 7055i 

E 20776 Argentina - Neuquen 20776 

V 19536 Chile - Aisen 20767 

R Podocarpus pallidas N.E. Gray 20485 

R 18270 French Polynesia (Tongan Is.) 20485 

V I Podocarpus parlatorei PUg. 72i79 

V 78270 Argentina 78270 

V 78270 Bolivia 20<76 

V 18270 PeiM 72J79 

R Podocarpus pendulifolius Buchh. & N.E. Gray 20350 

R 78270 Venezuela 20J50 

V Podocarpus polyspermus de Laub. 19727 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20J29 

V Podocarpus purdieanus Hook. 20i68 

V 78270 Jamaica (Mt Diablo) 20J68 

R Podocarpus roraimae Pilg. 20350 

R 78270 Venezuela 2049J 

V Podocarpus rostratus Laurent 20352 

V 78270 Madagascar 20352 

R Podocarpus rotundus de Laub. 20443 

R 18270 Indonesia - Kalimantan (Mt Beratus) 

20093 
R 78270 Philippines (Mt Banajo. Lucban) 20093 

R Podocarpus rusbyi Buchb. & N.E. Gray 20354 

R 18270 Bolivia (Mapiri. Cocopunco) 20354 
R Podocarpus salicifolius Klotzsch & Karsten ex 

Endl. 20J50 
R 78270 Venezuela (nordiem) 20350 

V Podocarpus salignus D. Don 16436 

V 20767 Chile - Maule 20767 

R Podocarpus spathoides de Laub. 79727 

R 78270 Indonesia - Moluccas (Morotai) 79727 

R 78270 Malaysia (Mt Ophir) 79727 

R 78270 Papua New Guinea (Rossel Island) 79727 

R 18270 Solomon Is. - SouUi 20^87 

R Podocarpus subtropicalis de Laub. 78270 

R 18270 China - Sichuan (Mt Omei) 78270 
R 18270 China • Yunnan 78270 

V Podocarpus tixieri Gaussen ;s270 

V 78270 Kampuchea (Elephant Mts.) 78270 

V 18270 Thailand 18270 

V Podocarpus transiens (Pilg.) de Laub. 20377 

V 18270 Brazil (Serra do Cipo) 20337 

V Podocarpus trinitensis N.E. Gray 7S270 

V 78270 Tnnidad & Tobago (summit of EI Tucuche) 

78270 



-28- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pinopsida: Podocarpaceae: Podocarpus 

V Podocarpus urbanii Pilg. 20368 

V IS270 Jamaica (Blue Mts.) 20072 

R Prumnopitys andina (Poepp. ex Endl.) de Laub. 20S83 

R 20883 Chile 208S3 
R Prumnopitys ladei (Bailey) Laubenf. 20681. 14223 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

V Prumnopitys standleyi (Buchholz & Gray) de 

Laubenfels 20SS3. 20353 

V 20S83 Costa Rica 20883 

E Relrophyllum minor (Carriere) C.N. Page 20342 

E 20893 New Caledonia (south-eastern) 20329 

R Retrophyllum piresii (Silba) C.N. Page 20342 

R 18270 Brazil - Rondonia (Setra Pacas Novos) 
18270 

V Saxegothaea conspicua Lindl. 19448 

V 19448 Argentina 19448 

E 20176 Argentina - Chubut 20/76 

E 20776 Argentina - Neuquen 20176 

E 20776 Argentina - Rio Negro 20/76 

V I9S34 Chile 20427 

Taxaceae 

Number of genera: 5 

Number of species : 2 

Recorded threatened species: 15 



(75%) 



Northern Hemisphere, south to Celebes and Mexico; one 
species in New Caledonia. 

V Amentotaxus argotaenia (Hance) PUg. /S270 

V 18270 China - Fujian /8270 

V 18270 China - Gansu /«270 

V /S270 China - Guangdong /8270 

V 18270 China - Guangxi 18270 

V 18270 China - Hubei 7«270 

V 78270 China - Hunan 78270 

V 78270 China - Jiangsu 78270 

V 18270 Chma ■ Jiangxi /S270 

V /8270 China - Sichuan /S270 

V /S270 Chma - Xizang Zizhiqu /S270 

V /S270 China - Zhejiang 18270 

V Amentotaxus argotaenia (Hance) PUg. var. brevifolia 

K.M. Lan & F.H. Zhang 9/55 

V 78270 China - Guizhou 9IS5 

V Amentotaxus assamica D.K. Ferguson 2049s 

V 2076/ China (Medog) 2076/ 

V 78270 India - Arunachal Pradesh 2049S 

E Amentotaxus formosana Li 20018 

E 2076/ Taiwan (south-east) 20577 

V Amentotaxus poilanei (De Ferre & Rouane) D.K. 

Ferguson 7970i 
I 2098S Viemam (south) 20496 

V Amentotaxus yunnanensis Li 1 761 7 

V 2076/ China - Guizhou (Xingyi) 11139 

V 2076/ China - Yunnan (Wengshanzhou) //7J9 
I 20983 Viemam (Ha Tuyen) 204S4 

E Pseudotaxus chienii (W.c. Cheng) w.c. Cheng 7//J9 

E 2076/ Chma - Guangdong (Ruyian) /7/J9 

E 2076/ China - Guangxi 11139 

E 2076/ China - Hunan /7/J9 

E 20767 China - Jiangxi (Dexing; Jinggangshan) 

11139 
E 20761 China - Zhejiang (Longgun, Shuichang, Jiyun) 

11139 

R Taxus brevifolia Nutt. i8270 

R 78270 Canada • Alberta 78270 



R 78270 Canada - British Columbia 78270 

R /972J U.S. - Idaho 19723 

R /8270 U.S. - Montana /8270 

R /8270 U.S. - Oregon /8270 

R /972J U.S. - Washington /972J 

Taxus floridana Nutt. ex Chapman 20850. 18270 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida (Apalachicola River hills) 

20850 

Taxus globosa Schltr. 9004 

R 2076/ Guatemala 3260 

R 2076/ Honduras 20468 

R /S270 Mexico 9004 

R 18270 Mexico - Chihuahua 20480 

Taxus yunnanensis w.c. Cheng & l.k. Fu 78270 

V 78270 China - Sichuan (south west) 900'» 

V /8270 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (south east) 

9004 

V 18270 China - Yunnan (north west to west) 

9004 

V 20767 Myanmar (north) 7970J 

Torreya califomica Terr. 20850. I8270 
R 2076/ U.S. - California (coast ranges. Sierra 
Nevada) 20850 

Torreya fargesii Franch. 18270 

V /S270 China - Hubei (west) /8270 

V 2076/ China - Jiangxi 19703 

V 20767 China - Shaanxi (south) /970J 

V 78270 China - Sichuan (north east & Emei Shan) 

/970J 

Torreya jackii Chun i76i7 

E 18270 China - Fujian (Taining: Puchen) 11139 
E 18270 China - Zhejiang 11139 

Torreya taxifolia Am. 20S50. I8270 

E 20850 U.S. - Florida (north-west) 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Georgia (south-west) 20850 

Torreya yunnanensis Cheng & L.K. Fu /7677 
I 2076/ China - Yunnan 19703 



Taxodiaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Eastern Asia; Tasmania; North America. 



10 
16 

10 



(62%) 



R Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don var. 

japonica 18270 

R 7972J Japan 17882 
V Cunninghamia konishii Hayata /8270 

V /S270 Taiwan (northern central) /970i 
E Cunninghamia unicanaliculata D.Y. Wang & H.L. 

Liu /76/7 
E /76/7 China - Sichuan (Dechang. Miyi, Yieyu) 
18270 

R GlyptOStrobuS pensilis (Staunton) K. Koch 78270 



R 


77677 China - Fujian (northern and southem) 




7 7677 


R 


77677 China - Guangdong (southem) 77677 


R 


77677 China - Hainan Is. 78270 


R 


776/7 China - Guangxi /8270 


R 


/76/7 China - Jiangxi /8270 


R 


/76/7 China - Sichuan /970J 


R 


776/7 China ■ Yunnan (southeastern (Pingbian)) 




/7677 


E 


20985 Viemam 6057 



Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & Cheng 7 76/7 
E 77677 China - Hubei (Lichuan) 11139 
E 77677 China - Hunan (Longshan & Sangzhi) 



-29- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Pinopsida: Taxodiaceae: Metasequoia 

11139 
E (76/7 China -Sichuan (Shizhu) 11139 

V Sciadopitys verticillata (Thunb. ex J.A. Murray) Sieb. & 

Zucc. IS270 

V 19721 Japan (south) 18270 

V Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) Buchh. 2osso. 

20171 

V 20761 U.S. - California 20850 

V Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayaia i8270 

V 20511 Taiwan (Zhongyang Range) ;76;7 

R Taiwania flousiana Gaussen /76/7 

R ; 76/ 7 China - Sichuan (southeasl) 19703 
R /76/7 China - Yunnan 11139 

V 18270 Myanmar (north) 18270 

R Taxodium mucronatum Ten. ia270 

R 18270 U.S. - Texas (south) 18270 
R 78270 Guatemala (Huehuetenango) 9004 
R /8270 Mexico 20369 

Ginkgopsida 
Ginkgoaceae 

Number of genera: 1 

Number of species: 1 

Recorded threatened species: l (100%) 

China. 

R Ginkgo biloba L. 11139 

R ;76/7 China - Zhejiang (Xitianmushan) 11139 

Cycadopsida 
Cycadaceae 

Number of genera: 1 

Number of species: 35 

Recorded threatened species: 20 (57%) 

Madagascar; eastern and Southeast Asia; Indomalaysia; 
Australia; Polynesia. 

E I Cycas beddomei Dyer 11494 

E 200/6 India - Andhra Pradesh 11494 
R M Cycas bninnea K.Hill 206SI. 20016 

I 2064/ Australia ■ Northern Temtory 200/6 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 200/6 

V n Cycas caimsiana F.Muell. 206s;, /J882 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 13882 
R n Cycas celebica Miq. 

R Indonesia - Sulawesi 

V n Cycas chamberlainii w.h. Brown & Kienholz 17674 

V 200/6 Philippines 17674 

V IT Cycas conferta Chirgwin 2068;. /jss2 

V 2068/ Australia - Northern Territory 13882 

R n Cycas couttsiana K.Hill 2068/. 200/6 
R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 200/6 
Cycas guizhouensis K. Lan & R. Zhou 2/J90, 200/6 

V 200/6 Chma 200/6 

V II Cycas hainanensis c.j. Chen & c.Y. Chen 

V 200/6 China - Hainan Is. 15015 

E n Cycas hongheensis Yang & Yang 20894 

E 20894 China - Yunnan 2089'» 

V n Cycas megacarpa K.Hill 2068/. 20016 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20016 



E n Cycas m/c/loWrz// Thisteton-Dyer 7 76/7 

E 20SW China - Guangxi (Longzhou) 8243 

V 20985 Vietnam 10241 

E II Cycas multipinnata C.J. Chen & S.Y. Yang 20894 
E 20894 China - Yunnan 20894 

V n Cycas ophiolitica K.Hill 2068/. 200/6 

V 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V II Cycas platyphylla K.HiU 20681. 20016 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 200/6 

R II Cycas seemannii a. Br. 20016 

R 200/6 Pacific Is. (southwest) 200/6 
R 200/6 Fiji 15015 
R 200/6 Tonga 15015 
R 20016 Vanuatu 15015 

V II Cycas silvestris K.Hill 206S/. 200/6 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 200/6 

Ex n Cycas szechuanensis C. Cheng & L.K. Fu 200/6 
Ex 200/6 China 200/6 

V n Cycas (airun^ensis Shen. Hill. Tsod& Ohen 20}// 

V 205// Taiwan 20511 

V II Cycas taiwaniana Carmth. 11139 

V 200/6 China - Hainan Is. 11139 

E 2085.» Taiwan (Taidong; Taizhong) 11139 

E II Cycas wadei Merr. 

E 200/6 Philippines (Palawan) 13833 



Stangeriaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

South Africa. 



(100%) 



R I Stangeria eriopus (Kunze) Baill. 206o-<, 14011 

E 20604 Swaziland 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (east Cape & 

Transkei) 20604 
R 2060'< South Africa - Natal 2060'* 



Zamiaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Africa; Australia; America. 



8 
144 

128 (E 



Ceratozamia euryphyllidia Vazquez-Torres, Sabato & D. 

Stevenson 20883. 11119 
E 200/6 Mexico - Veracruz 200/6 
Ceratozamia hildae Landry & M. Wilson 208SJ, 9114 
E 20883 Mexico 20883 
E 20016 Mexico - Queretaro 9114 
E 200/6 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

Ceratozamia kuesteriana Regel 20883. 9114 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 20076 Mexico - Tamaulipas 200/6 

Ceratozamia latifolia Miq. 20883. ii988 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico - Hidalgo 200/6 

V 200/6 Mexico - Queretaro 200/6 

V 200/6 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 200/6 

Ceratozamia matudae Lundell 20883. 9114 

V 200/6 Guatemala 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico - Chiapas 9114 

V 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 200/6 

Ceratozamia mexicana Brongn. 20S83. ii98S 



-30- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Cycadopsida: Zamiaceae: Ceratozamia 

I I9S50 Mexico - Hidalgo 200/6 

I 19850 Mexico - Puebia 200/6 

I 19850 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

I 19850 Mexico - Veracruz 9114 

E / Ceratozamia microstrobila Vovides & Rees 2os83. 9114 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

V / Ceratozamia miqueliana H. Wendl. 20883. 9019 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico - Veracruz 9114 

V / Ceratozamia norstogii D. Stevenson 2os83. 9114 

V 20883 Mexico 20«« 

V 20016 Mexico - Chiapas 9114 

R / Ceratozamia robusta Miq. 20883. ii988 

R 200/6 Belize 20883 

R 20016 Guatemala 20»SJ 

R 19850 Mexico - Chiapas 9114 

R 19850 Mexico - Veracruz 9114 

V / Ceratozamia sabatoi Vovides et aL i9850 

V 200/6 Mexico - Hidalgo 200/6 

V 20016 Mexico - Queretaro 20016 

E / Ceratozamia zaragozae MedelUn-Leal 20MJ, 9114 

E 20SSi Mexico 20883 

E 200/6 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

E / Chigua bemalii D. Stevenson 20883. 15015 

E 200/6 Colombia 208SJ 
E / Chigua restrepoi D. Stevenson 20S«j, 15015 

E 200/6 Colombia 20883 

E 11 Dioon califanoi De Luca & Sabato 20883. 9019 

V 20883 Mexico 20SSJ 

V 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 9114 

V 200/6 Mexico - Puebia 200/6 

E n Dioon caputoi De Luca, Sabato & 
Vazquez-Torres 20SSJ. 90/9 
E 20883 Mexico 20883 
E 200/6 Mexico - Puebia 9114 

R n Dioon edule Lindley 20883 

R 20883 Mexico 20883 

R n Dioon edule Lindley var. angustifolium (Miq.) 

Miq. 20883. 200/6 
R 20883 Mexico 20883 
R 200/6 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 15015 
R 200/6 Mexico • San Luis Potosi /JO/5 
R 200/6 Mexico - Tamaulipas 15015 

V II Dioon holmgrenii De Luca, Sabato & 

Vazquez-Torres 20883. 20016 
E 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 19850 

V 11 Dioon mejiae Standiey & L.O. Williams 20883. 20016 

R 200/6 Honduras (North) 208Si 
R 200/6 Nicaragua 20883 

V n Dioon merolae De Luca, Sabato & 

Vazquez-Torres 20883, 20016 

V 20S8i Mexico 20883 

V 20016 Mexico - Chiapas 19850 

V II Dioon purpusii Rose 20883. 9019 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 9114 
R /6J60 Mexico - Puebia 9114 

V n Dioon rzedowskii De Luca, A. Moretti, Sabato & 

Vazquez-Torres 20883. 9019 
E 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 9114 
R n Dioon spinulosum Dyer 20883. 9019 

R 2088J Mexico 20883 

R 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 9114 



E 




V 




E 




E 




V 




V 




E 





R 200/6 Mexico - Veracruz 9114 
1 16360 Mexico - Yucatan 9114 

R M Dioon tomasellii De Luca, Sabato & Vazquez-Torres var. 
SOnorense DeLuca, Sabato, V. Torres 2088J. 9020 

V 200/6 Mexico (North West coast) 20883 

R 11 Dioon tomasellii De Luca, Sabato & Vazquez-Torres var. 

tomasellii 20883. 9020 

R 200/6 Mexico (South West Coast) 20883 

Encephalartos aemulans Vorster 2060.«. 200/6 

E 20604 South Africa - Natal (North) 20604 

Encephalartos altensteinii Lehm. 20604. 14695 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (east Cape, Ciskei & 
Transkei) 20604 

Encephalartos arenarius R.A.Dyer 20604 

E 2060.< South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
Encephalartos brevifoliolatus P. Vorster 20847 
E 20895 South Afnca - Transvaal 20«.<7 

Encephalartos bubalinus Melville 20057 

V 20057 Kenya (Tanzania border) /9/09 

V 20057 Tanzania (Kenya border) 17435 
Encephalartos caffer (Thunb.) Lehm. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Encephalartos cerinus Lavranos & D.L.Goode 20604. 

20016 
E 20604 South Africa • Natal (kwaZulu) 20604 

E / Encephalartos chimanimaniensis R.A.Dyer & 

I.Verd. 20604. 6088 
E 20604 Mozambique 20604 
E 20604 Zimbabwe 20604 

E / Encephalartos concinnus R.A.Dyer & l.Verd. 20604, 

6088 
E 20604 Zimbabwe 20604 
E / Encephalartos cupidus R.A.Dyer 20604. 17458 
E 20807 South Africa - Transvaal (east) 20604 

V / Encephalartos cycadifolius (Jacq.) Lehm. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (east) 

20604 

V / Encephalartos delucanus Malaisse, Sclavo & 

Croisiers 200/6 

V 20894 Tanzania 200/6 

E / Encephalartos dolomiticus Lavranos & 

D.L.Goode 20604. 17458 
E 20604 South Africa - Transvaal (east) 20604 

E / Encephalartos dyerianus Lavranos & D.L.Goode 20604. 
20016 
E 20604 South Africa ■ Transvaal (east) 20604 

I / Encephalartos equatorialis P.j.H.Hurter & 

H.F.GIen 20807 
I 20847 Uganda (Lake Victona) 20847 

V ; Encephalartos eugene-maraisii l.Verd. 20604, 20016 

V 20604 South Africa - Transvaal (west) 20604 

R / Encephalartos ferox Beriol.t. 20604 20016 
R 2074J Mozambique 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

V / Encephalartos friderici-guilielmi Lebm. 20604. 20016 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (east Cape & 

Transkei) 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

V / Encephalartos ghellinckii Lem. 20604 20016 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (Transkei) 

20604 



-31- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Cycadopsida: Zamiaceae: Encephalartos 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

V / Encephalartos gratus Prain 20604 

V 20604 Malawi 20604 

V 20604 Mozambique 20604 

E / Encephalartos heenanii R.A.Dyer 20604. IS023 
E 2060.* Swaziland 20604 
E 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

R ; Encephalartos hildebrandtii A. Braun & Bouche var. 

denfO/US Melville 19007 
R Tanzania 

E 19007 Uganda 19007 

V ; Encephalartos hirsutus P.J.H.Hiirter & H.F.GIen 20S47 

V 20*95 South Africa - Transvaal 20847 

V / Encephalartos horridus (Jacq.) Lehm. 20604. 20016 

V 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 

V / Encephalartos humilis I.Verd. 20604. 20016 

V 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

E / Encephalartos inopinus R.X.Dyer 20604. 1 74S8 
E 2060< South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

V / Encephalartos kisambo Faden & Benije 20057 

V 20057 Kenya (Maungu Hills. Kasigau. Kisambo) 

20057 

E / Encephalartos laevifolius Siapf & Burtt Davy 20604. 

IS023 

E 2060.* Swaziland 2060-> 

E 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

E 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

R ; Encephalartos lanatus Stapf & Burtt Davy 20ii04. 

200; 6 
R 2060.< South Africa - Transvaal 2060.» 

E / Encephalartos latifrons l^hm. 206OJ. 200/6 
E 2060-* South Afnca - Cape Province (east) 
20604 

R / Encephalartos laurentianus De Wild. 20604, 20016 
R 20016 Angola 200/6 
R 200/6 Zaire 200/6 

R / Encephalartos lebomboensis I.Verd. 20604. 5914 

V 207« Mozambique 20604 

V 2060'» Swaziland 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 2060.« 
R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

R / Encephalartos lehmannii Lehm. 2060-(. 200/6 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (east) 
20604 

V / Encephalartos longifolius (Jacq.) Lehm. 20604. /5976 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R / Encephalartos manikensis (Giiuiand) 

Gilliland 20604. 60SS 
R 20604 Mozambique 20604 
R 20604 Zimbabwe 20604 

E ; Encephalartos marunguensis Devred 

E 200/6 Zaire 6086 
E / Encephalartos middelburgensis Vors., Robb. & S.van der 

Westh. 20604. 20016 
E 20604 South Afnca ■ Transvaal (central) 20604 

E / Encephalartos msinganus Vorster 200/6 

E 200/6 South Africa ■ Natal (kwaZulu) 200/6 
E / Encephalartos munchii R.A.Dyer & i.Verd. 20604. 7922 

E 20604 Mozambique 20604 

R / Encephalartos natalensis R.A.Dyer & l.Verd. 20604. 
200/6 
R 20604 South Africa - Natal (kwaZulu) 20604 



V / 

E / 

V / 

V / 

V / 
E / 

E / 

R / 

R / 
R / 

V / 

E / 

V / 

E / 

E / 
Ex / 
V 



R 
V 
R 
E 
V 
R 
V 



Encephalartos ngoyanus LVerd. 20604. 1S023 

V 20604 Swaziland 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal (north & kwaZulu) 

20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Transvaal (South East) 

20604 

Encephalartos nubimontanus P.J.H.Hurter 20S47 

E 20S47 Sou* Africa - Transvaal 20S47 

Encephalartos paucidentatus Stapf & Burtt 

Davy 20604. 18023 
E 20604 Swaziland 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Transvaal (east) 20604 

Encephalartos powysorum Beentje 20057 

V 20057 Kenya /9/09 

Encephalartos princeps R.A.Dyer 20604, 200/6 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Encephalartos pterogonus R.A.Dyer & I.Verd. 20604. 

7922 
E 20604 Mozambique 20604 

Encephalartos schmitm Malaisse /9624 
E 200/6 Zaire 200/6 
E 200/6 Zambia 200/6 

Encephalartos sclavoi De Luca, D. Stevenson & 

Moreti 200/6 
R 200/6 Tanzania 200/6 

Encephalartos tegulaneus MelvUie 20057 

R 20057 Kenya /9/09 

Encephalartos transvenosus Stapf & Burtt Davy 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

Encephalartos trispinosus (Hook.) R.A.Dyer 20604 

V 20604 Soudi Africa ■ Cape Province (east & Ciskei) 

20604 

Encephalartos tumeri Lavranos & D.L.Goode 20604. 

20016 
E 20604 Mozambique 20604 

Encephalartos umbeluziensis R.A.Dyer 20604. IS023 

V 20604 Mozambique 20604 
E 20604 Swaziland 20604 

Encephalartos venetus Vorster 20604 
E 20604 South Africa - Natal (north) 200/6 
E 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal (east) 200/6 

Encephalartos whitelockii P.J.H.Hurter 20*47 

E 20S47 Uganda (Mpanga River Falls) 20847 

Encephalartos woodii Sander 20604. 3774 

Ex 20604 South Africa - Natal (kwaZulu) 20604 
Macrozamia conferta D.L.Jones & P.LForster 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Macrozamia crassifolia P.LForster & D.L.Jones 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - (Jueensland 2068/ 
Macrozamia feamsidei D.L.Jones 206S/. 200/6 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Macrozamia johnsonii D.Jones & K.Hill 20681. 20016 

R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

Macrozamia lomandroides D.L.Jones 2068/. 200/6 

E 2068/ Australia - (Queensland 2068/ 

Macrozamia macdonnellii (Miq.) A.DC. 2068/. 200/6 

V 2068/ Australia - Nonhem Territory 2068/ 
Macrozamia machinii P.LForster & D.L.Jones 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Macrozamia OCcidua D.L.Jones & P.LForster 2068/ 



-32- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Cycadopsida: Zamiaceae: Macrozamia 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R II Macrozamia parcifolia P.I.Forster & D.L.Jones 20681 
R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

E II Macrozamia platyrhachis Bailey 206Si 

E 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V II Macrozamia viridis D.L.Jones & P.I.Forster 20681 

V 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V I Microcycas calocoma (Miq.) A. DC. 208ss. S607 

E 20016 Cuba (Pinar del Riol 20883 
R II Zamia acuminata Oerst. ex Dyer in Hemsl. 20883. 
1 1 988 

V 20883 Costa Rica 20883 
R 20883 Nicaragua 20883 
R 20883 Panama 20883 

R II Zamia amplifolia Hort. ex Masters 20883. 20016 

V 20016 Colombia (Choco) 20883 

V 20883 Ecuador 20883 

R II Zamia angustifolia Jacq. 20883. 11989 

V 200/6 Bahamas (Eleudiera) 20883 

V 200/6 Cuba (east, mainly Onente Prov.) 20S83 

V II Zamia angustissima Miq. 20883 

V 20883 Cuba 208S3 

R II Zamia boliviana (Brongn.) A. DC. 2088J. ii988 

R 20883 Bolivia 20883 
R n Zamia chigua Seem. 20883. 11988 

V 200/6 Panama 20883 

V 200/6 Colombia (Choco) 20883 

V II Zamia cremnophila Vovides, Schutzman & Dehgan 20883. 

12471 

V 20883 Mexico 2088J 

V 200/6 Mexico - Tabasco 12471 

V n Zamia CUnaria Dressier & D. Stevenson 2088J, 200/6 

R 20894 Panama 2088J 
E n Zamia dressleri D. Stevenson 20883. 200I6 

V 20894 Panama 2088J 

V n Zamia fischeri Miq. 20S83. 9019 

V 200/6 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 200/6 

V 200/6 Mexico - Queretaro 9114 

V 200/6 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9H4 

V 20016 Mexico - Veracruz 20016 

V n ZamiafurfuraceaL.S.in Alton 20883. 9019 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 9425 Mexico - Veracruz 90/9 

R n Zamia herrerae Calderon & standley 20883. 19850 
E 200/6 El Salvador 20883 
E 200/6 Guatemala 20883 
E 200/6 Honduras 208SJ 
E 200/6 Mexico - Chiapas 20016 

V II Zamia inermis Vovides, Rees & Vazquez-Torres 20883. 

9114 
E 9425 Mexico - Veracruz 9114 

V n Zamia ipetiensis D. Stevenson 20883. 20016 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

R 11 Zamia kickxii Miq. 20S83 

R 20894 Cuba 20883 

R n Zamia manicata Linden ex Regel 20883. ii988 

R 20883 Panama 20S8i 

V 20SSi Colombia 2088J 

V II Zamia montana a. Br. 20883. ii967 

V 20883 Colombia 20883 

Ex II Zamia monticola Chamberlain 11988 
Ex /976J Mexico 11988 



R II Zamia muricata wiiid. 2088i, ii9S8 
1 2O8SJ Colombia 2088J 
R 200/6 Venezuela 20883 

I n Zamia obliqua A. Br. 20883. 11988 

V /6J/7 Panama 20883 

R 2088i Colombia (Choco) 20883 

R M Zamia paucijugaWK\smi 19850 

R 200/6 Mexico /9850 

R n Zamia pictavtyn 20883. 11988 
R /6J/9 Belize 16319 
R //988 Guatemala //988 

V 20883 Mexico 2088J 

R 11988 Mexico - Chiapas 15015 

V II Zamia portoricensis Urban 20S83. 11939 

V 2088J Pueno Rico (Susua Forest) 20883 

V n ZamiapseudomonticolaL.D. Gomez 20883. 20016 

R 20894 Costa Rica (west) 20883 

V II Zamia pseudoparasitica Yates in Seem. 20883. 11988 

V 20SSJ Panama 2088J 

E 11 Zamia purpurea Vovides, Rees & Vazquez-Torres 208«i, 
U988 
E 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 11988 
E 200/6 Mexico - Veracruz 11988 

R n Zamia pygmaea Sims 20883. J 1989 

R 2088J Cuba 20883 
R n Zamia roezJii Linden ex Regel 20883. 20807 

V 200/6 Panama 20883 

V 200/6 Colombia (Choco) //988 

V 200/6 Ecuador 200/6 

R II Zamia skinneri Dietr. 20883. 9006 

V 200/6 Costa Rica 20883 

V 200/6 Nicaragua 20883 

V 200/6 Panama 2088J 

V 19763 Colombia //988 

V II Zamia SOCOnuSCensis Scbutzman, Vovides & 

Debgan 20883. 12471 

V 20883 Mexico 2088J 

V 200/6 Mexico - Chiapas 12471 

E 11 Zamia spartea A. DC. 208SJ, 200/6 

E 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico - Oaxaca 200/6 

V II Zamia splendens Scbutzman 20883. 9114 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 200/6 Mexico • Chiapas 9114 

R n Zamia standleyi Scbutzman 208SJ. 20016 

R 200/6 Honduras 20S83 
E 11 Zamia sylvatica Chamberlain 208SJ, 19850 
E 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 19850 Mexico - Oaxaca 15015 

R II Zamia tuerckheimii 3.0. Smith 20883. 9004 
? Belize 9004 

I 20SS3 Guatemala 20883 
I 2088J Honduras 20883 

E n Zamia vasquedi D. Stevenson /98J0 

E 200/6 Mexico - Veracruz 20016 

E II Zamia verschaffeltii Miq. 20894 

E 20894 Mexico - Chiapas 20894 

V II Zamia wallisii A. Br. zossi, ii988 

V 20883 Colombia 2088J 



-33- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Cycadopsida: Acanthaceae: Acanthus 

Magnoliopsida (dicots) 
Acanthaceae 

Number of genera: 228-250 

Number of species : 2,500 

Recorded threatened species: 42 9 (17%) 

Tropical, with only a few species in temperate regions. 

R Acanthus dioscoridis L. var. brevicaulis (Freyn) 

A. Hossain I2S40 
R I2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Acanthus dioscoridis L. var. laciniatus 

Freyn ;2S« 
R 12S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Acanthus dioscoridis L. var. perringii (Siehe) A. 

Hossain 12840 
R I2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Acanthus latisepalus C.B. Clarke 

R Gabon 

E Adhatoda beddomei C.B. Clarke 2026J 

E 2026J India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) 20263 
I Andrographis beddomei C.B. Clarke 

1 India - Andhra Pradesh 

R Andrographis glomeruliflorum Bremek. J9i20 

R (9/20 Thailand 19120 
R Andrographis rosulata Brem. /9/20 

R ;9;20 Thailand ;9;20 
I Andrographis stellata Clarke 2268 

I India • Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 226« 

R Angkalanthus oligophylla Balf. f. 15534 

R /JJJ4 Yemen - Socotra IS5S4 

E Angkalanthus paucif alius Balf. f. 

E Yemen - Socotra 

R Anisacanthus andersonii T. Daniel 90'<5 

R 11620 Mexico 9045 

R Anisacanthus tetracaulis Leonard 9035 

R ;;620 Honduras 9035 

R Anisotes diversifolius Balf. f. ;55J.< 

R ;jJJ-» Yemen - Socotra IS534 
E Apassalus parvulus Alain & Leonard 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
R Aphelandra adscendens Leonard 9036 

R 90J6 Colombia 90i6 
R Aphelandra albert-smithii Leonard 90i6 

R 90J6 Colombia 90J6 

R Aphelandra arisema Leonard 9036 

R 9036 Colombia 9036 
R Aphelandra bahiensis (Nees) Wassh. 90J6 

R 11620 Brazil 90J6 

R Aphelandra benoistii Wassh. 9oj« 

R /(620 Ecuador 9036 

R Aphelandra botanodes Leonard 90}6 

R 90J6 Colombia 9Cii6 
R Aphelandra chaponensis Leonard 9036 

R 9036 Colombia 9036 

R Aphelandra chrysantha Wassh. 90J6 

R ;M20 Ecuador 90J6 
R Aphelandra cinnabarina Wassh. 90J6 



R 11620 Ecuador 9036 

R Aphelandra claussenii Wassh. 9036 

R ;;620 Brazil 9036 
R Aphelandra colorata (Veil. Cone.) Wassh. 90J6 

R JI620 Brazil 90J6 

R Aphelandra crenata Leonard 9036 

R 90Ji5 Colombia 9036 

R Aphelandra crispata Leonard 9036 

R ;;620 Colombia 9036 
R ;;620 Ecuador 90J6 

R Aphelandra cuscoensis Wassh. ;S200 

R ;;620 Peru /«2(» 
E Aphelandra darienensis Wassh. 20883. 9006 

R /;iS20 Panama 20883 
R Aphelandra dichyla Leonard 9036 

R 9036 Colombia 9036 

R Aphelandra dielsii Mildbr. 9036 

R ;;620 Ecuador 9036 

R Aphelandra dodsonii Wassh. 90J6 

R /;620 Ecuador 9036 

R Aphelandra dunlapiana Standley & L.O. Williams 90i(i 

R 11620 Honduras 9036 
R Aphelandra eurystoma Mildbr. 18200 

R /;620 Peru 18200 

E Aphelandra ferreyrae Wassb. IS200 

E /;620 Peru ;82O0 
R Aphelandra flammea Wassh. 9036 

R 11620 Ecuador 9036 

R Aphelandra galba Wassh. 90J6 

R /;620 Ecuador 9036 
V Aphelandra gracilis Leonard 20883. 9006 

I 20S8J Panama 20883 
R Aphelandra hapala Wassh. ;8200 

R /M20 Peru J8200 
I Aphelandra harleyi Wassh. 9036 

I 11620 Brazil 90J6 
R Aphelandra hintonii Wassh. 905j 

R //620 Mexico 905J 

R Aphelandra huilensis Leonard 9036 

R 9036 Colombia 9036 
I Aphelandra ignea (Schrader) Nees ex Steudel 9036 

I 11620 Brazil 90J6 

R Aphelandra junihensis Wassh. ;8200 

R /;620 Pem M200 

R Aphelandra kolobantha Lindau 90j« 

R 90J6 Bolivia 9036 

E Aphelandra latibracteata Wassh. ;s200 

E /;620 Peru 18200 

E Aphelandra laxa Durkee 2os«i 9006 

R ;;620 Panama 2088J 

R Aphelandra limbatifolia Lindau M200 

R ;;620 Peru ;8200 

R Aphelandra marginata Nees & Martius 90i6 

R ;/620 Brazil 9CIJ6 

I Aphelandra maximiliana (Nees) Beoth. 90J6 

I ;;620 Brazil 90i6 

R Aphelandra micans Moritz ex Vaike 90J6 

R /;620 Venezuela 90J6 



■34- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: Aphelandra 

R Aphelandra montis-scalaris Lindau ex Pilger moo 

R 11620 Pern IS200 
E Aphelandra mucronata (Ruiz Lopez & Pavon) Nees IS200 

E 11620 Peru IS200 

R Aphelandra neesiana Wassh. 9036 

R 11620 Brazil 90J6 
I Aphelandra nemoralis Nees 90J6 

I 11620 Brazil 9056 
R Aphelandra nephoica Wassh. 9036 

R 9036 Colombia 9036 
R Aphelandra nuda Nees WJS 

R /MZO Brazil 9036 
I Aphelandra obtusa (Nees) Wassh. 90J6 

1 //«20 Brazil 9036 

I Aphelandra obtusifolia (Nees) Wassh. 90J<s 

I ;/i520 Brazil 9036 

R Aphelandra paulensis Wassh. 9036 

R /;620 Brazil 9036 

E Aphelandra pepe-parodii Wassh. ;«2oo 

E ;;62o Peru ;s200 
R Aphelandra phrynioides Lindau soic 

R 11620 Brazil 90J8 
R Aphelandra pinarotricha Leonard 9036 

R 9036 Colombia 9036 

R Aphelandra quadrifaria Leonard 9036 

R 90J6 Colombia 9036 

R Aphelandra reticulata Wassh. 9oj6 

R ;;620 Venezuela 9036 
I Aphelandra rigida Glaziou ex Mildbr. 9036 

I ;/620 Brazil 9036 

R Aphelandra seibertii Leonard 9037 

R ;;620 Costa Rica 9037 
R ;;620 Panama 9037 

R Aphelandra speciosa Brandegee 9004 

R 11620 Guatemala 9004 
I 11620 Mexico 9004 

I Aphelandra stephanophysa Nees 90i6 

I 11620 Brazil 90J6 

I Aphelandra steyermarkii Wassh. 90J6 

I ;y620 Venezuela 9036 

V Aphelandra storkii Leonard 90j7 

V 11620 Costa Rica 9037 

I Aphelandra sulphurea Hook. 

I Ecuador 

R Aphelandra superba Lindau 

R Ecuador 

R Aphelandra tenyae standi. 20S83 

R 208S3 Panama 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

I Aphelandra tessmannii Mildbr. I8200 

I 11620 Pern 18200 

R Aphelandra tillettii Wassh. ;82oo 

R ;;620 Peru /«200 

R Aphelandra tonduzii Leonard 9037 

R 11620 Costa Rica 90J7 
R 11620 Panama 9006 

E Aphelandra verticellaia Nees ex Hemsley 90J6 

E ;/620 Mexico 9036 

E Aphelandra viscosa Mildbr. js2oo 



E ;;620 Peru ;8200 

R Aphelandra weberbaueri Mddbr. 1S200 

R ;;620 Peru 18200 

R Aphelandra wurdackii Wassh. ;8200 

R 9036 Peru 90J6 

E Barleria aculeata Balf. f. 15534 

E ISS34 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

V Barleria argillicola Oberm. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Barleria dolomiticola M. & K.BalkwUi 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
R Barleria gibsonioides Blatt. et McC. 13883 

R /.?S8i India - Maharashtra (Panchgani. Satara Dist.) 
13883 

V Barleria greenii M. & K.Balkwiu 20604 

V 2060'< South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Barleria lancifolia T. Anderson var. charlesii 

Benoist 

R Mauritania 

R Barleria megalosiphon Mildbr. 

R Namibia 

R Barleria molensis Wild 7752 

R Zimbabwe 77J2 

Ex Barleria natalensis Lindau 20604 

Ex 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
E Barleria observatrix Bosser & Heine ;oo82 

E 2077/ Mauntius 10082 
E Barleria popovii Verde. /55i4 

E ;55J4 Yemen - Socotra 15534 
I Barleria prionitis L. var. diacantha Blatter & 

Hallberg 777/ 

I India - Rajasthan 7771 

R Barleria schmittii Benoist 7926 

R Mauntania 7926 

V Blechum killipii Leonard 2088J, /922/ 

R 13336 Jamaica 2088J 
R Blepharis attenuata Napper 8895 

R Israel 8895 

V Blepharis spiculifolia Balf. f. 15534 

V 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

R Bravaisia grandiflora J.D. Smith 9004 

R //620 Belize 9004 
R //620 Guatemala 9004 
R //620 Mexico 9004 

V Carlowrightia albiflora Daniel 2088J. 90i8 

V 2088J Mexico 20883 

R 90J8 Mexico - Tamaulipas 90JS 

R Carlowrightia hapalocarpa Robinson & Greenman 90J8 

R 11550 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9038 

V Carlowrightia henricksonii Daniel 2088J, 90J8 

E 2088J Mexico 20883 

R 90JS Mexico - Tamaulipas 9038 

R Carlowrightia hintonii Daniel 208SJ 

R 2088J Mexico 208S3 

V Carlowrightia lesueurii Henrickson & Daniel 20883 
E 2O8SJ Mexico 20883 

R Carlowrightia mcvaughii Daniel 208SJ, 90J8 

I 20S8J Mexico 20883 

V Carlowrightia ovata A. Gray 2088J, 90is 



-35- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: Carlowrightia 

E 20SSJ Mexico 20883 

R 903S Mexico - Chihuahua 903S 

R Carlowrightia pectinata Brandegee 20883, 903s 

I 20883 Mexico 2088^ 

R Cartowrightia pringlei Robinson & Greenman 20883. 

9038 

V 20SS3 Mexico 20883 

R 11620 Mexico ■ Oaxaca 9038 
R 11620 Mexico - Puebla 9038 

R Cartowrightia trichocarpa Daniel 20883. 903S 

R 20883 Mexico 20S8J 

V 11620 Mexico • Tamaulipas 9038 

R Chamaeranthemum tonduzii Lindau 9037 

R 9420 Costa Rica 9037 

E Didiptera abuensis Blatter 11494 

E 11494 India ■ Rajasthan (Mt Abu, Dhobi Ghats) 
11494 

R Didiptera albocostata Brem. 19120 

R 19120 Thailand 19120 
R Didiptera antidysenterica A. Molina 90j9 

R 11620 Honduras 9039 
R Didiptera australis (Nees) R.M.Barker 2O6S; 

R 2068/ Australia - Nonhem Territory 2068/ 

I Didiptera beddomei C.B. Clarke 

I India • Andhra Pradesh (Nallamalai Hills; Kumool) 

I Didiptera davata (J.G.Forster) A.L.Jussieu 20845 

Ex 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
20845 

I Didiptera debilis Leonard 9004 

I 11620 Guatemala 9004 
E Didiptera dodsonii Wassh. 6155 

E 6(55 Ecuador 6/55 

R Didiptera effusa Balf. f. 15534 

R 15534 Yemen - Socotra (Socotra and Abd al Kuri) 
15534 

Ex Didiptera falcata (Lam.) Bosser & Heine /00S2 

Ex 20771 Mauritius 10082 

I Didiptera forsteriana C.Nees 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia • Society Is. 20845 
I 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 
20845 

R Didiptera fragilis Brem. 19120 

R 19120 Thailand 19120 
I Didiptera ghatica Sant. ;J88J 

1 13883 India - Maharashtra (Meroli, Khandala ghats. Pune 
Dist.) ;J8SJ 

E Didiptera gradlis Leonard 20ss3. 9006 

I 11620 Panama 20883 
I Didiptera guttata Standley & Leonard 9004 

I //620 Guatemala 9004 
R Didiptera imbricata Leonard 941 7 

R 9420 Costa Rica 9417 

I Didiptera inutilis Leonard 9004 

I 11620 Guatemala 9004 

E Didiptera krugii Urban 2ossi. 15106 

1 2088i Pueno Rico 20883 

V Didiptera madearii Hemsley 8si 

V ;4224 Australia • Chnstmas Is 88/ 

V Didiptera membranacea Leonard 9004 

V 11620 Guatemala 9004 

V 11620 Mexico 9004 



R Didiptera pallida Leotard 9037 

R 9420 Costa Rica 90J7 

R Didiptera paposana PhiUppi 5595 

R ;95J4 Chile 5595 

R Didiptera skutchii Leonard 9039 

R 9420 Costa Rica 90i7 

R Didiptera syringifolia Merxm. 7769 

R Zimbabwe (Rusape) 7769 

I Didiptera trianae Leonard I68S7 

I 19353 Colombia /6S87 

I Didyplosandra andersonii (Beddome) Bremek. 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

R Dipteracanthus orthocaulus Brem. t9i20 

R ;9;20 Thailand ;9/20 
R Dipteracanthus subulatua (Imlay) Brem. 19120 

R ;9;20 Thailand 19120 

V Drejerella ntaestrensis Urban 5607 

V ;9y05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

V Dyschoriste angusta (Gray) Small 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

R Dyschoriste hondurensis Leonard 90J5 

R ;;620 Honduras 90i5 

I Ecbolium striatum Half. f. ;55J4 

I 15534 Yemen - Socotra ;55J4 
I ;55J.» Kenya 15534 
I 15534 Somalia ;55J4 

I Ecbolium striatum Balf. f. var. minor Balf. 

f. 15534 
I 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

V Elytraria bissei H. Dietrich ;/8«) 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 11840 

V Elytraria caroliniensis (Walter ex J. Gmelin) Pers. var. 

angustifolia (Fern.) Blake 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Elytraria filicaulis Borh. & Mimiz 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Holguin; Guantanamo) 5607 

R Elytraria macrophylla Leonard 11550 

R ;;550 Mexico ;/550 

V Elytraria spathulifolia Borh. & Muniz 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

V Graptophyllum balansae Heine 2089i 

V 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 

R Graptophyllum excelsum (F.Muell.) Druce 206S; 

R 2068; Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V Graptophyllum ilicifolium (F.MueU.) F.MueU. 2068; 

V 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V Graptophyllum ophiolithicum Heine 20«9J 

V 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 

E Graptophyllum reticuUUum A.R.Bean & Sharpe 20687 

E 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Gymnostachyum glomeruliflorum Brem. ;9;20 

R 19120 Thailand ;9;20 

I Gymnostachyum pidum Ehn. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (Palawan) 13833 

I Gymnostachyum thwaitesii T. Anderson ;o252 

I ;6;62 Sri Lanlia ;0252 
R Gypsacanthus ndsonii Lott, Jaramillo & Rzed. 9488 

R (7620 Mexico - Guerrero 9488 
R ;;620 Mexico - Puebla 9488 



-36- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: Gypsacanthus 
R Habracanthus azureus D. Gibson 9004 

R 11620 Guatemala 9004 

R Habracanthus lamprus Leonard 10166 

R I9S1S Colombia 10166 
R Habracanthus latilabris D. Gibson 9004 

R 11620 Guatemala 9004 
R Habracanthus luteus Durkee 9420 

R 9420 Costa Rica 9420 

R Habracanthus ruberrimus D. Gibson 9004 

R 11620 Guatemala 9004 
I Hallieracantha addisoniensis (Elm.) Merr. I3S33 

I HWJ Philippines (low altitude) I3S33 
I Hallieracantha aequifolia (C.B. Clarke) Merr. /js 

1 13833 Pliilippines (low altitude) 13833 

I Hallieracantha elmeri Merr. I3S33 

I /J8JJ Philippines (low altimde) 13833 

I Hallieracantha pulgarensis Ebn. /is^j 

I /iSiJ Philippines 13833 

V Hansteinia reflexiflora Leonard 20883. 9006 

I 20SSJ Panama 20883 

V Hansteinia sessilifolia (Oersted) Durkee 9037 

V 9420 Costa Rica 9037 

E Hemigraphis neocaledonica Heine 20«9J 

E 20SW New Caledonia 20893 
I Henrya gualanensis (H. Robinson & Bartlett) 

Happ 9004 
I ;;620 Guatemala 9004 

E Henrya tuberculosperma T. F. Daniel 20883. 9046 

I 2O88J Mexico 208Si 

R ;/620 Mexico - Jalisco 9046 

R Herpetacanthus panamensis Leonard 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20S8J 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

R Holographis anisophylla T. Daniel 9048 

R ;/620 Mexico - Colima 9048 
R Holographis argyrea (Leonard) T. Daniel 9040 

R 19848 Mexico 79848 

R 16360 Mexico - Guerrero 9040 

R Holographis hintonii (Leonard) T. Daniel 9048 

R 11620 Mexico - Guerrero 9048 
R Holographis ilicifolia Brandegee 9048 

R 11620 Mexico 9048 
R Holographis pallida Leonard & H. Gentry 9048 

R 11620 Mexico 9048 

R Holographis parayana Miranda 904« 

R ;;620 Mexico 9048 
R Holographis peloria (Leonard) T. Daniel 9049 

R 11620 Mexico - Dui^ngo 9049 

R Holographis pueblensis T. Daniel 9048 

R 1/620 Mexico - Puebia 9048 

R Hoverdenia speciosa Nees usso 

R ;;5J0 Mexico IIS50 

R Hygrophila chevalieri Benoist 7926 

R Mali 800J 

R Senegal 8003 

R Hygrophila micrantha (Nees) T. Anderson 7926 

R Mali 792« 

R Senegal SOOi 

I Hygrophila pinnatifida (Dalz.) Sreemadfa. 



I India - Katnataka 

E Hygrophila pogonocalyx HnyMa 20511 

E 20511 Taiwan 20511 

V Hypoestes andamanensis Thoth. /4782 

V 74782 India - Andaman Is. 74782 
Ex Hypoestes inconspicua Balf.f. 10082 

Ex 5852 Mauritius - Rodrigues 5852 
R Hypoestes lanata Dalz. 74782 

R 74782 India 74782 

I Hypoestes larsenii Brem. 79720 

I 79720 Thailand 79720 
I Hypoestes merrillii Clarke ex Etoi. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altinide) }3833 

I Hypoestes palawanensis Clarke 7jsjj 

I 13833 Philippines (Palawan) I3S33 

I Hypoestes pubescens Balf. f. 755J4 

I /5534 Yemen ■ Socotra 755J4 

Ex Hypoestes rodriguesiana Balf.f. 10082 

Ex 5852 Mauntius - Rodngues (Mont Malartic) 
5852 

Ex Hypoestes serpens (Vahl) R.Br. 700«2 

Ex 20777 Mauntius 10082 

E Isoglossa eranthemoides (F.Muell.) R.M.Barker 20687 

E 20687 Australia ■ New South Wales 20687 
I Isoglossa nervosa C.B. Clarke 

I Cameroon (Ml Cameroon) 

R Justicia agria Alain & Leonard 5607 

R 79705 Cuba (Granma) 5607 
E Justicia allenii (Leonard) Durkee 20883. 9006 

R 77620 Panama 20883 

V Justicia angusta (Chapman) Small 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

I Justicia bartlettii (Leonard) D. Gibson 9004 

I 77620 Belize 9004 
I 77620 Guatemala 9004 

V Justicia blechoides (Lindau) steam 20883. 19221 

R 7JJi6 Jamaica 20883 
R Justicia bolusii C.B.Clarke 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Justicia borinquensis Britt. 20883, 8058 

I 2O88J Pueno Rico 20883 
R Justicia borrerae (Hemsley) T.F. Daniel 9001 

R 77620 Guatemala 9007 
R 77620 Mexico 9007 

Ex Justicia brachystachya Tbouars ex Scbultz 15112 

Ex 75772 Mauntius 75772 
R Justicia brenesii (Leonard) D. Gibson 9420 

R 9420 Costa Rica 9420 
R Justicia breteleri Wasshausen 27279 

R 27279 Venezuela 21279 

I Justicia calliantha Leonard 9039 

I 77620 Honduras 90J9 
R Justicia ciliata (Yamamoto) Hsieh & Huang 20577 

R 20577 Taiwan 20577 

V Justicia coahuilana T. Daniel 9047 

V 77620 Mexico 9047 

E Justicia cooleyi Monachino & Leonard 20850. 1 7890 

E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 



-37- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: Justicia 
R Justicia costaricana Leonard mn 

R 9420 Costii Rica 9037 

V Justicia Crassifolia (Chapman) Chapman ex 

Small 20SS0 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20S50 
E Justicia culebritae Urban 20883 

I 20883 Pueno Rico (Culebnia) 20883 

I 20883 Bnnsh Virgin Is. (Virgin Gorda) 20883 

7 19002 USA - Virgin Is. 19002 

R Justicia ensiflora (Standley) D. Gibson 9004 

R 11620 Belize 9004 
R //620 Honduras 9004 

R Justicia graciliflora (Standi.) D. Gibson 20883. 

9006 
I 20883 Panama 20SS3 

R Justicia grandifotia D. Gibson 9aM 

R ;;620 Guatemala 9O0.» 

E Justicia hepperi Heine 7926 

E Nigena 7926 

R Justicia hyssopifolia L. isios 

R ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. lilOS 
I Justicia ianlhina Wassh. 6/55 

1 11620 Ecuador 6I5S 

V Justicia jamaicensis (BriRon) Steam 20883. 19221 

R 13336 Jamaica 20883 
R Justicia lindeniana (Nees) Macbr. 9aM 

R //620 Guatemala 9004 
R ;;620 Mexico 9004 

R Justicia linearis Robinson & Greenman 9041 

R nsso Mexico 9041 

R Justicia macrantha Bentbam var. piliformis D. 

Gibson 9004 
R ;;620 Guatemala 9004 
E Justicia mckenleyi Proctor 20S83. 13336 

E ;jji6 Jamaica 20883 

V Justicia metallica Lindau 90J7 

V ;;620 Costa Rica 90J7 

V 11620 Panama 9037 

I Justicia microcarpa Ridley 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Selangor) 

R Justicia minima A.Meeuse 20604 

R 20604 South Africa • Transvaal 20604 
R Justicia montana (StandJcy & Leonard) D. Gibson 9004 

R /J620 Guatemala 9004 

V Justicia multicaulis J.D. Smith 9004 

V ;;620 Guatemala 9004 

R Justicia nemorosa Sw. 20S83 

R 20S8J Jamaica 20883 
E Justicia nigerica S. Moore 7926 

E Nigcna 7926 

R Justicia niokolo-kobae Berhaut 8003 

R Mall (Keniaba) 8003 

R Senegal (Niokolo-Koba) 8003 

I Justicia novogranatensis Leonard ;6««7 

I I93S3 Colombia ;6887 

V Justicia oreophila Clarke 14872 

V 14872 Bangladesh ;J872 

R Justicia orosiensis Durkee 9<2« 

R 9420 Costa Rica 9420 

E Justicia panamense Durkee 2os«i. 9006 



I /;620 Panama 20883 
R Justicia pectoralis Jacq. var. ovo/a 

Wassh. 6/55 
R ;/620 Ecuador 6IS5 

R Justicia pedicellata D. Gibson 9004 

R ;/620 Guatemala 9004 
E Justicia pinensis S. Moore 2089i 

E 2089J New Caledonia 20893 
R Justicia pittieri Lindau 9037 

R ;;620 Costa Rica 90i7 
R /I620 Panama 94/7 

I Justicia preussii (Lindau) C.B. Clarke 

I Cameroon (Buea. Mimbia) 

R Justicia procumbens L. var. hayatai (Yamamoto) 

Ohwi 20511 
R 20SII Taiwan 20511 
R Justicia procumbens L. var. linearifolia 

Yamamoto 205;/ 
R 205/; Taiwan 205/7 
Ex Justicia psychotrioides Thouars ex Scbuitz 15112 

Ex 15112 Mauntius 15112 

R Justicia refulgens Leonard 90J7 

R /;620 Panama 90J7 

V Justicia rigida Balf. f. 15534 

V 15534 Yemen - Socotra ;j5i4 
R Justicia riopalenquensis Wassh. 

R Ecuador 

R Justicia robinsonii Ridley 

R Malaysia - Penmsular Malaysia (Langkawi. Kedah) 

V Justicia runyonii SmalJ 20883. 20850. 80S8 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

I Justicia rupestris Ridley 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

I Justicia salsoloides T. Anderson 

I India • Kamaiaka (Camatic & Mysore) 

E Justicia sarapiquensis McDade 20883. 9044 

R 11620 Costa Rica 20883 
R Justicia sericea Ruiz Lopez Si Pavon ;«200 

R ;/620 Peru 18200 
R Justicia silvicola D. Gibson 9004 

R ;;620 Guatemala 9004 
I Justicia skutchii Leonard 9037 

I 9420 Costa Rica 9017 

V Justicia sonorae Wassh. 9052 

V /;550 Mexico 9052 

V Justicia Stenophylla Urban & Britton 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Camaguey) 5607 

I Justicia Steyermarkii standley & Leonard 9004 

I /;620 Guatemala 9004 
I Justicia subaltemans C.B. Clarke 

I Malaysia - Penmsular Malaysia 

V Justicia SUlfurea (J.D. Smith) D. Gibson 9004 

V ;;620 Guatemala 9004 

V Justicia tonduzii Lindau 9037 

V 9420 Costa Rica 90J7 

R Justicia urophylla (Lindau) D. Gibson 9006 

R ;;620 Costa Rica 9006 
I ;/620 Panama 9006 



n38- 



I 

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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: Justieia 

Justicia valida Ridley 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

Justicia wamockii B.L. Turner 20850 

R 20SS0 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Justicia wrightii Gray losso 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Kudoacanthus albo-nervosa Hosok. 20511 

I 20511 Taiwan 20511 

Lepidagathis amaranthoides Elm. ;jsii 

I I3S33 Philippines (low alntude) ;j8Ji 
Lepidagathis barberi Gamble /4782 

R 14782 India (Southern Peninsular India) 14782 

Lepidagathis brevispica Brem. /9;20 

R ;9;20 Thailand 19120 

Lepidagathis chiangraiensis Brem. ;9/20 

I I9I20 Thailand ;9;20 

Lepidagathis diffusa Clarke /•<782 

I 14782 India /J782 
Lepidagathis palawanensis Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altinide) 13833 
Lepidagathis stenophylla Clarke ex Hayata 205/; 

R 205// Taiwan 20j;; 

Lophostachys guatemalensis J.D. Smith 9004 

R H620 El Salvador 900.* 

R ;J620 Guatemala 9004 

Lophostachys zungiae C. Nelson 20050 

E 20050 Honduras 20050 

Louteridium chartaceum Leonard 9004 

R ;;«20 Belize 900-> 

Louteridium mexicanum (BaUlon) Standley 9004 
R ;;620 Guatemala 9004 
R 19848 Mexico 19848 

Louteridium nedowskii T. F. Daniel 208«J, 9046 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Mackenziea caudata (T. And.) Ramam. 13883 

R ;J88J India - Kamataka (South Canara: Coorg) 

13883 
R 13883 India - Kerala (Wynaad & Travancore, southwestern 

Ghats) 13883 

Mananthes tenuispica Brem. ;9;20 

I ;9;20 Thailand ;9;20 

Megalostoma viridescens Leonard 9004 

V ;;620 Guatemala 9004 

Mendoncia costaricana Oersted 90i7 



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R 9«0 Costa Rica 90J7 
R ;;620 Panama 90J7 

Mendoncia hoffmannseggiana Nees 8679 
R 8679 French Guiana 8679 
R ;995.» Guyana 19954 
R 8679 Suriname 8679 

Metarungia galpinii (Baden) Baden 20604 
E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Mexacanthus mcvaughii T. Daniel 9043 

R ;/550 Mexico 9043 

Mirandea huastecensis T. Daniel 9042 

V ;;5J0 Mexico 9042 
Monechma saxatile Munday 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Neriacanthus grandiflorus Leonard 9006 



R 11620 Panama 9006 
R 11620 Colombia 9006 

R Neriacanthus purdieanus Benth. 20883. 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 2088J 

I Neuracanthus aculeatus Balf. f. ;55J4 

I ;55i4 Yemen - Socotia ;55i4 

I Neuracanthus capitatus Balf. f. 15534 

I ;55J4 Yemen - Socotra ;5JJ4 
I 15534 Somalia 15534 

Ex/E Neuracanthus neesianus Clarke ;j88i 
Ex/E ;J88J India - Tamil Nadu I3S83 

I Nilgirianthus campanulatus (Wight) Bremek. 

I India - Kamataka (Coorg) 

I Nilgirianthus papillosus (T. Anders.) Bremek. 2268 

I India ■ Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills) 2268 

I Odontonema brevipes Urb. 59j2 

I 59J2 Tnnidad & Tobago (Tobago) 59i2 

V Odontonema microphyllus Durkee 20S8J. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 20883 

V Oplonia acicularis (Sw.) steam 2088i 

V 20883 Jamaica 2088J 

V Oplonia acunae Borh. 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Sancti Spiriius; Gianma; Santiago de 

Cuba) 5607 

R Oplonia amuita (Sw.) Steam var. 

armata 20883 

R 2088J Jamaica 20883 
R Oplonia armata (Sw.) Steam var. pallidior 

Steam 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
R Oplonia hutchisonii Wassh. I8200 

R ;;620 Peru 18200 
R Oplonia jamaicensis (Lindau) Steam 208S3 

R 208SJ Jamaica 208Si 

V Oplonia moana Borh. 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Holguin: Guantanamo) 56C7 
R Peristrophe brassii R.M.Barker 206s; 

R 2068/ Australia - CJueensland 2068/ 
I Peristrophe cliffordii K.BalkwiU 20604 

I 206O4 South Afnca • Transvaal 20604 
I Peristrophe gillilandiorum K.BalkwUI 20604 

1 20604 Zimbabwe 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

R Peristrophe namibiensis K.BalkwUi ssp. 

brandbergensis K.Balkwili 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
R Peristrophe namibiensis K.Balkwili ssp. 

namibiensis 20604 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R Phidiasia lindavii Urban 11840 

R /9/05 Cuba (Holguin) 11840 

I Phlebophyllum canaricum (Beddome) Bremak. 

I India - Kamataka (South Canara) 

E Phlebophyllum jeyporensis (Beddome) Bremek. 11494 

E 11494 India - Andhra Pradesh II494 
E 11494 India - Madhaya Pradesh (Bastar) H494 
E 11494 India - Orissa (Kalahandi & Korapul) 
11494 

I Phlebophyllum lanatum (Nees) Bremak. 

I India - Kamataka (Mysore) 



-39- 



R 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: PhUbophyllum 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Sispara. Nilgiri Hills) 

E Physacanthus talbotii S. Moore 7926 

E Nigeria 7926 

I Plegmalolemma leucostachyum Brem. 19120 

I (9/20 Thailand 16120 
I Plegmatolemma minus Brem. 19120 

I 19120 Thailand ;9/20 
E Poikilacanthus capitatus (Leonard) Ramamoorthy 20883 

I 20883 Iklexico 20883 

V Poikilacanthus pansamalanus (J.D. Smith) D. 

Gibson 9004 

V ;;620 Guatemala 9004 

R Poikilacanthus setiferus Standley & Steyerm. 9004 

R ;;620 Guatemala 9004 
R ;;620 Mexico 9004 

Poikilacanthus skutchii D. Gibson 9004 

R /;620 Guatemala 9004 

Polytrema cupreum Ridley 

I Malaysia ■ Peninsular Malaysia (near Ipoh. Perak) 

Pseuderanthemum incisum Benoist 20802 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20802 
Pseuderanthemum longistylum Imlay 19120 

R 19120 Thailand I9I20 

Pseuderanthemum micranthum Leonard 16887 

1 I93S3 Colombia 16887 
Pseuderanthemum minutiflorum (Ebn.) Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altitude) 13833 

Pseuderanthemum pittieri Leonard 9037 

R 9420 Costa Rica 9037 

Pseuderanthemum tunicatum (Afzel.) Milne-Redh. 19181 

E I9ISI Seychelles (Silhouene) 14296 

Psiloesthes elongata Benoist 6057 

I 20985 Viemam 6057 

Pulchranthus adenostachyus (Lindau) Baum 20883 
I 20883 Brazil 20S83 

I 20«8J Colombia 208W 
I 20883 Pern 208S3 

Pulchranthus COngestUS (Lindau) Baum, Reveal, & 
Nowicke 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Pulchranthus surinamensis (Bremek.) Baum 20883 

I 20883 Sunname 20883 

Pulchranthus variegatus (Aublet) Baum 2oes3 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

I 20883 French Guiana 20883 

Razisea wilburii McDade 20883. 9417 

R ;;620 Costa Rica 2088J 

Rhaphidospora bonneyana (F.MueU.) R.M.Barker 2068; 

Ex/E 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

V 20681 Australia • Queensland 2068/ 

Rhaphidospora lanceolata Brem. 19120 

I ;9;20 Thailand 19120 
Rhinacanthus pulcher Milne-Redh. 17435 

R 17435 Kenya 17435 
Rhinacanthus scoparius Balf. f. 15534 

R /55J-» Yemen - Socotra J5534 

Rhyticalymma kerrii (Imlay) Brem. ;9;20 
I 19120 Thailand ;9;20 

Rhyticalymma longipetiolatum Brem. ;9;20 



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R 19120 Thailand 19120 

Rhyticalymma trichocarpum (imlay) Brem. ;9;20 

R 19120 Thailand ;9;20 

Rostellularia bankaoensis Brem. 19120 

I 19120 Thailand ;9/20 

Rostellularia elegans Brem. 19120 

I ;9;20 Thailand ;9;20 

Rostellularia rachaburiensis Brem. ;9;20 
I 19120 Thailand ;9/20 
Ruellia anthracina Leonard 2088J. 9006 

R ;;620 Panama 20883 

Ruellia barbillana Cuf. 90J7 

I 9420 Costa Rica 90J7 

Ruellia camea Balf. f. 15534 

I 15534 Saudi Arabia 15534 

I 15534 Yemen ■ Socotra 15534 

I 15534 Ethiopia 15534 

I 15534 Somalia 15534 

Ruellia colonensis Wassh. 208S.?. 9006 

R ;;620 Panama 2088J 
Ruellia cordata Brandegee 9002 
R /;620 Mexico 9002 

Ruellia dioscoridis Napper 15534 

R 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

Ruellia macrosolen Lillo ex Ezcurra 2088J 
I 2088J Argentina 20883 
I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

I 20883 Paraguay 20883 

Ruellia nOCtiflora (Nees) Gray 20850 

20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 



E 
V 
E 

E 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 
V 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 

Ruellia nudispica Clarke i3S33 

I 13833 Philippines (low altinide) 13833 
Ruellia obtusata S.F. Blake 9004 
I ;/620 Belize 9004 

Ruellia pedunculata Torr. ex Gray ssp. pinetorum 

(Fern.) R.W. Long 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Virginia 20850 

Ruellia philippinensis Ehn. i3S33 

I 13833 Philippines (low altimde) 13833 
Ruellia praeclara Standi. 20883. 9006 
R 11620 Costa Rica 9417 
R ;;620 Panama 20883 

Ruellia tarapotana Lindau I8200 

E ;/620 Peru 18200 

Ruellia tubiflora Kuntb var. tubiflora 9006 

R ;;620 Panama 9006 

Ruellia williamsii Leonard 90J5 

R ;;620 Honduras 9035 

Rungia linifolia Nees 
I India - Kamataka 

Rungia minutifolia c.B. Clarke 
I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 



-40- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Acanthaceae: Rungia 

Salpinctium natalense (C.B.Clarke) T.J.Edwards 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

Salpixantha coccinea Hook. 20S83 

R 20SS3 Jamaica 20SSi 

Sanchezia aurantiaca Leonard & Lyman B. Smith IS200 

E }I620 Peru IS200 

Sanchezia aurea Leonard & Lyman B. Smith IS200 

E 11620 Peni IS200 
E Sanchezia dasia Leonard & Lyman B. Smith 18200 

E 11620 Peru IS200 
E Sanchezia /erre>'rae Leonards Lyman B.Smith JS200 

E 11620 Peru IS200 
E Sanchezia klugii Leonard & Lyman B. Smith IS200 

E 11620 Peru IS200 
E Sanchezia lasia Leonard & Lyman B. Smith 18200 

E 11620 Peru 18200 
E Sanchezia villosa Leonard & Lyman B. Smith 18200 

E /;620 Peru ;S200 
E Sanlapaua madurensis Balakr. ex Subram. U883 

E 13883 India • Tamil Nadu 13883 

R Sapphoa ekmanii Borh. J607 

R 1910S Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
R Sarojusticia kempeana (F.Muell.) Bremek. ex H.Eichler ssp. 

kempeana 2068I 

R 206SI Australia - Northern Territory 20681 
I Sericocalyx thailandicus Brem. 19120 

I I9}20 Thailand 19120 

V Siphonoglossa durangensis Henrickson & 

Hilsenheck 14294 

V 14294 Mexico • Durango 14294 

V Siphonoglossa linearifolia Henrickson & 

Hilsenbeck 14294 

V 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

V Siphonoglossa mexicana HUsenbeck 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20S83 

R Siphonoglossa nkandlaensis immelman 20604 

R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 Soufli Africa ■ Natal 20604 

E Siphonoglossa ramosa var. discolor (S. F. Blake) 

Hilsenbeck 20«SJ 
I 20883 Guatemala 20883 

V Siphonoglossa ramosa var. hondurensis (Standley & 

Steyermark) Hilsenbeck 20«SJ 
I 20883 Costa Rica 20«SJ 
I 20883 Guatemala 20883 
I 20S8J Honduras 20883 

R Spathacanthus hoffmannii Lindau 9037 

R M20 Costa Rica 9037 

V Spathacanthus simplicifolius (J.D. Smith) 

Leonard 900'( 

V 11620 Guatemala 9004 

R Staurogyne agrestis Leonard 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20SSi 

V 20883 Panama 20SSi 

I Staurogyne bella Brem. /9;20 

I ;9;20 Thailand 19120 

I Staurogyne densiflora Brem. ;9;20 

I ;9/20 Thailand 19120 

I Staurogyne expansa Brem. /9;20 



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I ;9;20 Thailand 19120 
Staurogyne latifolia Brem. 19120 

I 19120 Thailand 19120 

Staurogyne longiciliata Brem. 19120 

I 19120 Thailand 19120 

Staurogyne multiflora Brem. 79/20 
I 19120 Thailand 19120 
Staurogyne polycaulis Vrem. 19120 

I 19120 Thailand ;9;20 

Staurogyne singularis Brem. 79/20 

I (9720 Thailand ;9/20 

Staurogynopsis maiana Mangenot & Ake Assi 

R Cote d'lvoire 

Stenandrium amoldii H. Dietrich 1I840 

V 79705 Cuba (Holguin) 11840 
Stenandrium chameranthemoideum Oersted 9050 

R 7/620 Mexico 9050 

Stenandrium ekmanii Urban 5607 

V 79/05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 
Stenandrium manchonense T. Daniel 9050 

E //620 Mexico - Guerrero 9050 
Stenandrium nanum (Standley) T. Daniel 9050 

E //620 Mexico - Yucatan 9050 
Stenandrium pallidum H. Dietrich I1S40 

V /9705 Cuba (Guantanamo) 11840 
Stenandrium pilosulum (Blake) T. Daniel 9050 

E 11620 Mexico - Chihuahua 9050 
E 11620 Mexico ■ Sonora 9050 

Stenandrium subcordatum Standley 9004 

R //620 Guatemala 9004 
R //620 Mexico 900-< 

Stenandrium verticillatum Brandegee 9050 

E //620 Mexico 9050 
Stenosiphonium setosum T. Anderson 

I India - Kamataka (Mysore) 

Stenostephanus glabrus (Oersted) T.F. Daniel 9007 

R 900/ Mexico - Chiapas 9001 
Stenostephanus lobeliiformis Nees /9560 

R /9560 Brazil (Sena dos Orgaos) 79560 
Stenothyrsus ridleyi C.B. Clarke 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (near Ipoh, Perak) 

Streblacanthus cordatus Lindau //620 



//620 Panama //620 
//620 Ecuador 



Streblacanthus longiflorus Cuf. 9037 
I 9420 Costa Rica 9037 
Streblacanthus macrophyllus Lindau 9037 

V 11620 Costa Rica 90J7 
Streblacanthus parviflorus Leonard 9004 

V 7/620 Guatemala 9004 

Strobilanthes andamanensis Bor 7777 

I India - Andaman Is. 7777 

Strobilanthes gardnerana (Nees) T. /Anderson 10252 

I /6/62 Sn Lanka /0252 
Strobilanthes hallbergii Blatter 11494 
E 11494 India - Rajasthan (Mt Abu, Dhobi Ghats) 
11494 

Strobilanthes japonica (Thunb.) Miq. /057i 

V 7057J Japan 7057J 



-41- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicols): Acanthaceae: Strobilanlhes 

R Strobilanlhes leucopogon Ridley 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi. Kedah) 

Strobilanlhes nigrescens T. Anderson I02S2 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 10232 

Strobilanlhes nockii Trimen W2i2 

1 16162 Sn Lanka I02i2 
Strobilanlhes pachyphyllus C.B. Clarke 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

Strobilanlhes palawanensis Elm. U833 

I I38SS Philippines (Palawan) IJSn 

Ex 20099 Singapore 20099 

Strobilanlhes punctata Nees 10252 
I 16162 Sn Lanka W2S2 
Strobilanlhes rhytisperma C.B. Clarke 10252 

1 16162 Sn Lanka 10252 

Strobilanlhes stenodon C.B. Clarke 10252 

1 ;6;62 Sn Lanka 10252 
Strobilanlhes thwaitesii T. Anderson 10252 

I /6;62 Sn Lanka W252 
Strobilanlhes urceolaris Gamble 

I India • Tamil Nadu (Nilgin & Palani Hills) 

Strobilanlhes zeylanica T. Anderson 10252 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 10252 
R Suessenguthia vargasii Wassh. ;8200 

R 11620 Pern /S200 
R Tetramerium butterwickianum T. Daniel ;o559 

R 11550 Mexico - Michoacan ;0559 
R Tetramerium crenalum T. Daniel /0559 

R ;;550 Mexico - Oaxaca 10559 
R Tetramerium diffusum Rose /ojjd 

R ;/550 Mexico 10559 
R Tetramerium emilyanum T. Daniel ;0J59 

R //5J0 Mexico - Michoacan 10559 

V Tetramerium guerrerense T. Daniel /0559 

V ;;620 Mexico - Guen-ero 10559 

R Tetramerium macvaughii T. Daniel ;o559 

R y/550 Mexico - Colima 10559 
R Tetramerium oaxacanum T. Daniel ;o559 

R 11620 Mexico - Oaxaca 10559 

E Tetramerium obovatum T. Daniel 70559 

E 11620 Mexico - Oaxaca 70559 
R Tetramerium ochoterenae (Miranda) T. Daniel ;0559 

R ;;620 Mexico /0559 

I Tetramerium rubrum Happ ;0559 

I ;/620 Mexico 70559 

R Tetramerium rzedowskii T. Daniel ;o559 

R 77550 Mexico - Michoacan 70559 

R Tetramerium tetramerioides (Lindau) T. Daniel 70559 

R 77620 Mexico - Oaxaca 70559 

V Tetramerium yaquianum T. Daniel 70559 

V 11620 Mexico - Sonora 70559 

I Thunbergia bicolor (Wight) Lindau 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 

R Thunbergia venosa C.B.Clarke 206O4 

R 20604 Soulh Africa - Nalal 2060< 

V Trybliocalyx pyramidatus Lindau 9004 

V 77620 Guatemala 900< 

E Xerothamnella herbacea R.M.Barker 2068/ 



E 206S7 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Xerothamnella parvifolia C.White 206s; 
I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 20687 
I 20687 Australia - Queensland 20681 
I 20687 Australia - South Australia 20687 

Yeatesia mabryi Hilsenbeck 2088J 

I 20883 Mexico 208SJ 



2 

112 

14 (12%) 



Aceraceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Temperate and subtropical, especially Malesia; China. T. 
E Acer buergerianum Miq. ssp. formosanum (Hayata) 

Murray & Lauencr 27069. 20577, 
E 2085'» Taiwan 20577 

V Acer caesium Wallich ex Brandis 7731 

V 11494 India - Himachal Pradesh 11494 

V 11494 India - Jammu & Kashmir 11494 

V 11494 India - Utiar Pradesh 11494 

V Nepal 7731 

R Acer cappadocicum Glediisch var. stenocaryum 

Yalt. 12840 
R 20678 Turkey 20678 
R Acer erythranthum Gagnepain 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

I Acer heldreichii Orph. ex Boiss. ssp. visianii H. 

Maly 6062. 207 77 
R 27097 Bosnia & Herzegovina 27097 
1 6062 Bulgana (west) 8000 
I 6062 (former) Yugoslavia 8000 

R Acer hyrcanum Fischer & Meyer ssp. sphaerocaryum 

Yaltirik 20678 
R 206/8 Turkey 20678 

I Acer molle Paxton 

I India (West Himalaya) 

R Acer monspessulanum L. ssp. oksalinum 

Yall. 12840 
R 20678 Turkey 20678 
R Acer negundo L. ssp. mexicanum (DC.) 

Standley 977^ 
? Guatemala 27069 

R 19848 Mexico - Veracruz 9114 

E Acer oblongum WaUich ex DC. var. membranaceum 

Banerji 11494 
E 7749'7 India - Uttar Pradesh 77-J9.* 
E Acer oblongum Wallich ex DC. var. microcarpum 

Hiern 11494 
E 11494 India - Arunachal Pradesh 11494 

V Acer pycnanthum K. Koch 70572. 2;069 

V 70572 Japan (Nagano, Aichi, Gifu of Honshu Is.) 

20626 

I Acer undulatum Pojark. 728-70 

I 20678 Turkey 20678 

R Dipleronia dyeriana Henry /76/7 

R 7 767 7 China - Yunnan (Wengshan; Mengzhi) 
777i9 

R Dipleronia sinensis o^yer 17617 

R 7767 7 China - Gansu 777J9 

R 77677 China - Guizhou (Yingjiang) 777J9 

R 77677 China - Henan 777J9 

R 77677 China - Hubei 777J9 



-42- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Aceraceae: Dipteronia 

R I76I7 China - Hunan (Shimeng; Shangzhi; Dayun) 

III39 
R /76;7 China -Shaanxi III39 
R 776; 7 China - Sichuan 11139 

Actinidiaceae 

Number of genera: 3 

Number of species: 3 00 

Recorded threatened species: 5 (l%) 

Warm temperate Asia to Queensland, Fiji, tropical America. 
V Saurauia chaparensis Soejarto 2088J 

V 20883 Bolivia 20883 

I Saurauia griffithii Dyer 

I India - Aninachal Pradesh 

I India - Sikkim 

E Saurauia molinae Soejarto 208S3 

I 20883 Honduras 20883 

E Saurauia oroquensis Soejarto 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

R Saurauia serrata DC. 10088 

R 19850 Mexico 10088 

Aizoaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

South Africa; Australia. 



12-128 

2,500 

163 



(6%) 



R Aloinopsis acuta L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Aloinopsis jamesii L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Aloinopsis loganii (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Aloinopsis setifera (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Aloinopsis villetii (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 
R Astridia citrina (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Astridia speciosa L.Bolus 20604 

E 20604 Namibia 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Bijlia tugwelliae (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Braunsia stayneri (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Braunsia vanrensburgii (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 
R Caryotophora skiatophytoides Leistner 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
V Cephalophyllum fulleri L.Bolvs 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Cephalophyllum parvulum (Schltr.) 

H.E.K.Hartmann 20604 
Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Cephalophyllum pulchellum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 



I Cephalophyllum pulchrum L.Bolus 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

R Cephalophyllum staminodiosum L.Bolus 206O4 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Cephalophyllum tetrastichum H.E.K.Hartmann 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Cheiridopsis alata L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Cheiridopsis delphinoides S.A.Hammer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Cheiridopsis pearsonii N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Cheiridopsis peculiaris N.E.Vr. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Cheiridopsis rudis L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Cheiridopsis umdausensis L.Bolus 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
I Cheiridopsis velox S.A.Hammer 206O4 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Ex Circandra serrata (L.) N.E.Br. 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Cleretum lyratifolium Ihlenf. & Struck 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum achabense S.A.Hammer 20604 

R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

V Conophytum acutum L.Bolus 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Conophytum armianum S.A.Hammer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum auriflorum Tischer ssp. 

auriflorum 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum bicarinatum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum blandum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Conophytum burgeri L.Bolus 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Conophytum carpianum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Conophytum concavum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum emstii S.A.Hammer ssp. 

emstii 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Conophytum frutescens Schwanies 206O4 

R 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum herreanthus S.A.Hammer ssp. 

herreanthus 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
E 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum khamiesbergense (L.Bolus) Schwantes 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Conophytum klinghardtense Rawe ssp. baradii (Rawe) 

S.A.Hammer 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
R Conophytum loeschianum Tischer 20604 



-43- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Aizoaccae: Conophytum 



20604 Namibia 20604 

20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 



R 
R 
R 

Ex 



R 

Ex 

E 

R 



R 
R 

E 
V 
R 



Conophytum phoeniceum s.A.Hammcr 20604 
R 2060-* South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum regale Lavis 20604 
R 20604 South Afiica - Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum licardianum Loesch & Tischer ssp. 

ricardianum 20604 
R 20604 Mozambique 20604 
Conophytum ricardianum Loesch & Tischer ssp. 

mbriflorum Tischer 20604 
Ex 20604 Namibia 20604 
Conophytum rugosum S.A.Hammer ssp. 

rugosum 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Conophytum schlechteri Schwantes 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum semivestitum L.Bolus 20604 
Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Conophytum smorenskaduense De Boer ssp. hermarium 

S.A.Hammer 20604 
E 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum swanepoelianum Rawe ssp. 

swanepoelianum 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum taylorianum (Dinter & Schwantes) N.E.Br, ssp. 

taylorianum 20604 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

Conophytum uviforme (Haw.) N.E.Br, ssp. subincanum 
(Tischer) S.A.Hammer 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum vanheerdei Tischer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Conophytum velutinum Schwantes ssp. 

velutinum 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Cypselea rubriflora Urban 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Matanzas; Cienfuegos) 5607 
Delosperma napiforme (N.E.Br.) Schwantes 100S2 

V ;42J4 Reunion I00S2 

Delosperma oehleri (Engl.) Herre 1949s 

R 5926 Tanzania (Masai dislnct) 5926 
Delosperma pondoense L.Bolus 20604 
I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

Delosperma steytlerae L. Bolus 7749 
I Zimbabwe 7749 

Delosperma subpetiolatum L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca ■ Natal 20604 
Delosperma suttoniae Lavis 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
Delosperma velutinum L.Bolus 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
Didymaotus lapidiformis (Marloth) N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Dinteranthus microspermus (Dinter & Derenh.) Schwantes 

ssp. microspermus 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
Dinteranthus pole-evansii (N.E.Br.) Schwantes 20604 



I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Dinteranthus vanzylii (L.Bolus) Schwantes 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Dinteranthus wilmotianus L. Bolus ssp. impunctatus 

N. Sauer 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Diplosoma lueckhoffii (L.Bolus) Schwantes ex 

Ihlenf. 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
E Diplosoma retroversum (Kensit) Schwantes 20604 

E 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

R Drosanthemum bellum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Drosanthemum hallii L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Drosanthemum micans (L.) Schwantes 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Drosanthemum thudichumii L.Bolus var. gracilius 

L.Bolus 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Ectotropis alpina N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 

E Erepsia brevipetala L.Bolus 20604 

E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Erepsia dubia Liede 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

I Erepsia hallii L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Erepsia insignis (Schltr.) Schwantes 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Erepsia patula (Haw.) Schwantes 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Erepsia pentagona (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Erepsia pillansii (Kensit) Liede 20604 

I 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 
E Erepsia polita (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Erepsia polypetala (A.Berger & Schltr.) 

L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Erepsia promontorii L.Bolus 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Erepsia steytlerae L.Bolus 206O4 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Erepsia villiersii L.Bolus 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Faucaria tigrina (Haw.) Schwantes 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

R Fenestraria rhopalophylla (Schltr. & Diets) N.E.Br ssp. 

aurantiaca (N.E.Br) H.E.H.Hartmann 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Frithia pulchra N.E.Br, var. pulchra 20604 

R 20805 South Africa ■ Transvaal 20604 

Ex Gibbaeum esterhuyseniae L.Bolus 20604. 3774 

Ex 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Gibbaeum schwantesii Tischer 20604 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Aizoaceae: Gibbaeum 

I 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
R Gunniopsis kochii (W.Wagner) Chinn. 2068/ 

R 206«; Australia - South Australia 2065/ 

E Hydrodea cryptantha (Hook.f.) N.E. Br. is996 

E IS996 St Helena IS996 

R Jacobsenia hallii L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Jordaaniella clavifolia (L.Bolus) 

H.E.K.Hartmann 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Jordaaniella uniflora (L.Bolus) H.E.K.Hartmann 20604 

I 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

R Lampranthus algoensis L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Lampranthus dunensis (Sond.) L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Lampranthus fugitans L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province (Transkei) 

20604 
K 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Lampranthus rustii (A.Berger) N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

V Lampranthus scaber (L.) N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops aucampiae L.Bolus ssp. euniciae (De Boer) 

D.T.Cole var. euniciae 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Lithops aucampiae L.Bolus ssp. euniciae (De Boer) 

D.T.Cole var. fluminalis D.T.Cole 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Lithops bromfieldii L.Bolus var. glaudinae (De 

Boer) D.T.Cole 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Lithops coleorum S.A.Hammer & R.Uijs 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
E Lithops comptonii L. Bolus var. 

comptonii 20604 
E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Lithops comptonii L.Bolus var. weberi (L.Bolus) 

B.Feam 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Lithops divergens L. Bolus var. amethystina De 

Boer 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Lithops divergens L. Bolus var. 

divergens 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Lithops dorotheae Nel 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops fulviceps (N.E.Br.) N.E.Br, var. lactinea 

D.T.Cole 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
I lithops gesineae De Boer var. annae (De Boer) 

D.T.Cole 20604 
I 20604 Namibia 20604 

E Lithops gesineae De Boer var. gesineae 20604 

E 20604 Namibia 20604 

R Lithops geyeri Nel 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 



R Lithops gracilidelineata Dinter ssp. brandbergensis 

(De Boer) D.T.Cole 20604 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R Lithops helmutii L.Bolus 20604 

R 206O4 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops hookeri (A.Berger) Schwantes var. susannae 

(D.T.Cole) D.T.Cole 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops lesliei (N.E.Br.) N.E.Br, ssp. burchellii 

D.T.Cole 20604 

R 20604 Lesotho 20604 

R Lithops meyeri L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 206O4 

R Lithops naureeniae D.T.Cole 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops olivacea L.Bolus var. nebrownii 

D.T.Cole 20604 
R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops otzeniana Nel 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Lithops pseudotruncatella (A.Berger) N.E.Br, ssp. 

pseudotruncatella var. elisabethae (Dinter) de Boer & 
Boom 206O4 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
R Lithops pseudotruncatella (A.Berger) N.E.Br, ssp. 

pseudotruncatella var. riehmerae 
D.T.Cole 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
R Lithops pseudotruncatella (A.Berger) N.E.Br, ssp. 

volkii (Schwantes ex de Boer & Boom) D.T.Cole 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 

V Lithops salicola N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Orange Free State 20604 

R Lithops schwantesii Dinter ssp. schwantessi var. 

rugosa (Dinter) de Boer & Boom 2O6O1 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R Lithops viridis C.A.LUckh. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

I Maughaniella luckhoffii (L. Bolus) L. Bolus 

I Southern Afnca 

E Mesembryanthemum gaussenii Leredde i048s 

E I495S Algeria 10488 

R Mitrophyllum abbreviatum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Mitrophyllum roseum L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Mossia intervallaris (L.Bolus) N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

E Muiria hortenseae N.E.Br. 20604 

E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Nelia pillansii (N.E.Br.) Schwantes 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Nelia schlechteri Schwantes 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Neohenricia spiculata S.A.Hammer 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Odontophorus marlothii N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 



-45- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Aizoaceae: Odontophonis 

R Ophthalmophyllum villetii L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 Soutfi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Orthopterum coegana L.Bolus 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Pleiospilos compactus (Aiion) Schwantes ssp. minor 

(L.Bolus) H.E.K.Hartmann & Leide 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Pleiospilos nelii Schwantes 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
E Pleiospilos simulans (Marlolh) N.E.Br. 20604 

E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Rabiea jamesii (L.Bolus) L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 
I Rhinephyllum inaequale L.Bolus var. latipetalum 

L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
R Ruschia amicorum (L.Bolus) Schwanles 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Ruschia filamenlosa (L.) L.Volus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Ruschia finna L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Ruschia leipoldtii L.Bolus 2O604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Ruschia promontorii L.Bolus 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Ruschia rubricaulis (Haw.) L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Saphesiaflaccida(l3cq.)N.E.Bi. 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Schwanlesia acutipelala L.Bolus 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
V Schwantesia borcherdsii L.Bolus 20604 

V 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
I Schwantesia triebneri L.Bolus 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Scopelogena vemiculata (L.) L.Bolus nom. 

Inval. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Sesuvium ayresii Marais looaz 

R 5S52 Maunlius /00«2 

R 5S52 Maunlius - Rodngues 5S52 

E Sesuvium trianthemoides Correll 20S50. 14662 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
I Stomatium geoffreyi L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Stomatium ronaldii L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Tanquana archeri (L.Bolus) H.E.K.Hartmann & 

Liede 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Tanquana hilmarii (L.Bolus) H.E.K.Hartmann & 

Liede 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
E Tetragonia crystallina L'Her. is2oo 

E 9446 Peni IH200 

I Tetragonia pentandra Balf. f. i55S4 

I ISS34 Yemen - Socotia I5S34 



V Tetragonia vestita LM. Johnston isioo 

V ;2468 Peni moo 
Ex Trianthema cypseleoides (Fenzl) Benih. 206SI 

Ex 206SI Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Trianthema megasperma A.Prescoit 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Northern Temtory 206SI 

I Trichodiadema aureum L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Trichodiadema burgeri L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Trichodiadema hallii L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Trichodiadema obliquum L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Trichodiadema peersii L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Trichodiadema pygmaeum L.Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Trichodiadema rogersiae L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Trichodiadema rupicolum L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Vlokia ater S.A.Hammer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Zeuktophyllum suppositum (L.Bolus) N.E.Br. 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 



Alzateaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Peru, Bolivia. 



(100%) 



R Alzatea verticellata Ruiz Lopez & Pavon ssp. 

verticellata imi 
R Bolivia imi 

R ;9960 Peru IS200 

Amaranthaceae 

Number of genera: ' 65-70 

Number of species: 900 

Recorded threatened species: 44 (4%) 

Tropical and subtropical. 

E Achyranthes arborescens R. Br. //649 

E ;;649 Australia - Norfolk Is. ;;649 

E Achyranthes aspera L. var. borbonica (Willd. ex 

Schultes) Townsend 
E 14220 Reunion 74220 

Ex/E Achyranthes atollensis St. John 20S50. 14301 

Ex/E 20S50 U.S. ■ Hawaii 20S50 

R Achyranthes coynei Sant. 13883 

R I38S3 India - Maharashtra (Khandala, Pune) 
13883 

I Achyranthes diandra Roxb. son 

I M/62 Sn Lanka 8021 
Ex Achyranthes mangarevica Suesseng. 20845 

Ex 20845 French Polynesia - Tuamotu Is. 20845 
I Achyranthes marchionica F.Brown 20S45 

1 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 



-46- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Amaranthaceae: Achyranlhes 

E Achyranlhes mutica Gray zosso. 14209 

E lOiSO U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai, Hawaii) 20850 

V Achyranlhes splendens Mart, ex Moq. 20S50. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Achyranlhes splendens Mart, ex Moq. var. rotundata 

Hbd. 20850 
E 20*50 U.S. -Hawaii 20850 

V Achyranlhes splendens Mart, ex Moq. var. 

splendens 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Aerva congesla Balf.f. ;oo«2 

E 2077/ Mauntius 5852 

Ex 5M2 Mauritius - Rodrigues 5852 

R Aerva microphylla Moq. /55J-> 

R 15534 Yemen - Socotra ;55J< 

R Aerva revolula Balf. f. /wj^/ 

R ;55J.» Yemen - Socotra 15534 

I Aerva wightii Hook.r. 14782 

I ;-(7S2 India - Kerala (Tirinelveli hills) 18341 
Tamil Nadu (Tirunelveli Hills) 



I 



14782 India - 
18341 



E Altemanthera crassifolia (Stanilley) Alain 5607 

E 1910S Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) J607 
R Altemanlhera filifoUa (Hook.r.) J. Howell ssp. 

^/auca J. Howell inn 
R Ecuador - Galapagos (Tortuga) 5670 

R Altemanthera filifolia (Hook.f.) J. Howell ssp. 

microcephala EUasson 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos II117 

R Altemanthera filifolia (Hook.r.) J. Howell ssp. 

pintensis EUasson iiii? 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Pinta) IIII7 

R Altemanthera filifolia (Hook.f.) J. Howell ssp. 

rabidensis Etiassoa 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Rabida) 11117 

R Altemanlhera galapagensis (A. Stewart) J. 

Howell nil? 
R Ecuador - Galapagos IUI7 

R Altemanthera helleri (Robinson) J. Howell 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Darwin, Wolf) 11117 

R Altemanthera maritima (Mart.) St.-Hil. 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Florida 20«50 
I 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

E Altemanthera nesiotes l.M. Johnston /;;;7 

E Ecuador - Galapagos (Floreana) 11117 

R Afteman/Acra xnodgraMl'l (Robinson) J. Howell in 17 

R Ecuador - Galapagos ////7 

E Amaranthus brownii Christoph. & Caum 20S50. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Nihoa) 20850 

R Amaranthus floridanus (S.Waison) Sauer 20S50 

R 20S50 U.S. - Florida 20S50 

R Amaranthus furcatus 3. HoviM 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

V Amaranthus pumilus Raf. 20«50, ;597« 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Connecticut 20S50 

- Delaware 20S50 

- Maryland 20850 

- Massachusetts 20850 
■ New Jersey 20850 



Ex/E 20850 U.S. 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. 

Ex 20850 U.S. 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ 

E 20850 U.S. 

V 20850 U.S. 



New York 20850 
North Carolina 20850 



Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Rhode Is. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ Virginia 20850 

E Amaranthus urceolatus Bentham 18200 

E 9446 Peru 18200 
Ex Blutaparon rigidum (Robinson & Greenman) Mears inn 

Ex Ecuador - Galapagos (Santiago) 11 117 

R Celosia tailoensis Hayata 20511 

R 20511 Taiwan 205// 
E Charpentiera densiflora Sohmer 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kua'i) 20850 

I Cyathula ceylanica Hook.r. 8021 

I 16162 Sri Lanka (Uma Oya, Kandy District) 

8021 

R Froelichia juncea Robinson & Greenman ssp. olata 

J. Howell 11117 
R Ecuador - Galapagos (Sania Cruz) 11117 

R Froelichia juncea Robinson & Greenman ssp. 

juncea 11117 
R Ecuador - Galapagos (Isabela) ////7 

R Froelichia nudicaulis Hook.r. ssp. curta 3. 

Howell 11117 
R Ecuador - Galapagos (Pinion) 11117 

R Froelichia nudicaulis Hook.r. ssp. 

nudicaulis nm 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

I Hermbstaedtia capitata Schinz 20604 

I 2060-( South Afnca - Transvaal 20i50< 
R Iresine arrecla Standley 9037 

R 19754 Costa Rica 90J7 
R Iresine costaricensis Standley 90i7 

R /975.< Cosia Rica 90J7 
R Lithophila radicata (Hook.r.) standley 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

R Lithophila SUbscaposa (Hook.r.) Standley 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Piiuon; Santiago; 

Floreana) 11117 

V Notolrichium humile Hbd. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Notolrichium humile Hillebrand var. 

humile 14209 
E 14209 U.S. - Hawaii 14209 
R Pleuropetalum darwinii Hook.r. 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos ////7 

R Pleuropetalum pleiogynum (Knntze) Standi. 20883 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 

R 2088J Panama 20SSJ 

I Psilolrichum aphyllum C.C. Townsend /55J.< 

I /55i4 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

R Ptilotus aristatus Benl 20681 

I 2068/ Australia - Northern Territory 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - South Australia 20681 

V Ptilotus beckerianus (F.Muell.) J.Black 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
R Ptilotus COmatUS Benl 20681 

R 2068/ Australia - Northern Territory 2068/ 

Ex Ptilotus fasciculatus Fitzg. 2068/. 14223 

Ex 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 

R Ptilotus maconochiei Benl 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20687 



-47- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Amaranthaceae: Ptilotus 

R Ptilotus pseudohelipleroid Benl 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068; 
Ex Ptilotus pyramidatus (Moq.) F.MueU. 2O6SI. 14223 

Ex 206SI Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 
R Ptilotus remotiflorus Benl 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 206SI 

Anacardiaceae 

Number of genera: 60-80 

Number of species: 500 

Recorded threatened species: 86 (14%) 

Tropical and subtropical, few temperate species. 

R Anacardium corymbosum Barbosa Rodrigues 208SI 

I 2O8SS Brazil 20883 
R Anacardium fruticosum Mitchell & S.A.Mori 20883 

1 20883 Guyana 20S8J 

V Astronium gracile var. acuminatum (Chodat & 

HasslerjF. Barkley 21001. 20S83 

V 2088J Paraguay 20883 

I Astronium urundeuva (Allemao) Engl. 19951 

E Argentina ;2J82 

V 20/76 Argentina • Jujuy 20/76 

V 20/76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 
E Bolivia 12382 

V 17746 Brazil - Bahia 17248 

V 17746 Brazil - Goias I724S 

V / 77J6 Brazil ■ Maranhao ; 7248 

V 17746 Brazil - Mato Grosso 17248 

V / 7746 Brazil - Minas Gerais / 7248 

V / 77-»6 Brazil ■ Piaui / 72-»8 

E Brazil - Sao Paulo /72'»8 

I Paraguay 20103 

R Astronium urundeuva (Fr. Allem) Engler var. 

candollei (Engl.) Hassler 2/056 
R 20SS3 Argentina 20883 

Brazil 2/056 
R 20883 Paraguay 20883 

R Bouea poilanei Evrard 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

E Buchanania barberi Gamble /J38J 

E 13883 India - Kerala (Travancore) 13883 

I Buchanania lanceolata Wight 

I India - Kerala (Quilon. Travancore) 

I Buchanania platyneura Kurz 14782 

I /■»782 India - Andaman Is. /•«7S2 
I 14782 India - Nicobar Is. I47S2 

V Campnosperma seychellarum Marchand 14296 

V I9I8I Seychelles 14296 

R Campnosperma zeylanicum Thwaites 8021 

R /28J8 Sn Lanka 802/ 
R Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B.L. Burtt & A.W. Hill 

\ar. japonica (Ohwi) Ohwi /0572 

R /0572 Japan /0572 

R Comocladia cordata Britton 2ossj, /jjj6 

R 13336 Jamaica 208SJ 

E Comocladia parvifolia Britton 20883 

E 2088J Jamaica 20S8i 

Ex/E Comocladia undulata Urban 19001 

Ex/E 7900/ Martinique }900! 
R Comocladia velutina Brittoa 20M3 

R 20«8i Jamaica 20883 



V Cyrtocarpa caatingae Mitchell & Daly 20883. 2134s 

I 2O88J Brazil 20883 

R Dracontomelon petelotii Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Dracontomelon schmidii Tard. 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

R Euleria tetramera Urban 5607 

R 19105 Cuba 5607 

V Euroschinus aoupiniensis Hoff 20S93 

V 2089J Nev» Caledonia 20893 

V Euroschinus jaffrei Hoff 208W 

V 20893 New Caledonia 208Sii 

R C/ufa compacta Evrard 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R G/u(a megalocarpa (Evrard) Tard. 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

V Haplorhus peruviana Engler 2088J. /i875 

V 20883 Chile (Anza Region) 21089 
R /2'(68 Peru (south) 2/089 

V Lannea transulta (Half, f.) A.R. Smith 15534 

V /55J-< Yemen - Socotra 15534 

V Mangifera andamanica King 77i9 

V /■<7S2 India - Andaman Is. 77J9 
E Mangifera flava ^\rard 7739 

E Kampuchea 7739 

E Vietnam 77J9 

I Mangifera khasiana Pierre 77^9 

I India - Assam (Khasi hills) 77J9 

E Mangifera lambii Kosterm. /0582 

E Malaysia - Sabah (Tenom) /0582 

R Mangifera minutifolia Evrard 7759 

R Viemam 7739 

V Mangifera monandra Merr. 77J9 

V Philippines 7739 

E Mangifera superba Hook.f. 77J9 

E Malaysia • Peninsular Malaysia 7739 

I Mangifera torquenda Kosterm. ;o582 

1 Indonesia - Kalimantan 10597 

E Malaysia "- Sabah /05S2 

I Mangifera whitmorei Kochummen /0592 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (along Rekam R.. N. 

Perak) 10592 

R Mangifera leylanica (Blume) Hook.f. 7759 

R /28i8 Sn Lanka 77J9 
I Melanochyla nitida King /9209 

I 19209 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Pulau Pinang/Penang i 
Prai, Perak) 19209 

E Nothopegia aureo-fulva Beddome ex Hook.f. I3S83 

E /J88J India - Tamil Nadu (Timnelveh Hills) 
13883 

I Nothopegia colebrookiana (Wight) Blume 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

R Orthopterygium huancui (Gray) Hemsley 18200 

R 12468 Peru /820O 
R Ozoroa namaquensis (Sprague) Von Teichman & A.E.van 

Wyk 20604 
R 20604 Namibia 2060.< 
R 20eo< South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Pistacia COCcinea CoUetl & Hemsley 

R Myanmar (Shan Hills) 



-48- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Anacardiaceae: Pislacia 
R Pistacia malayana M.R. Henderson 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

E Poupartia borbonica Gmelin loosi 

E 2077/ Reunion I00S2 
E 2077; Maunlius I00S2 

E Poupartia castanea (Baker) Engl. ioos2 

E 5S52 Mauritius - Rodrigues 5852 
Poupartia pubescens (Baker) Engl. /oo82 

E 2077/ Maunlius /00S2 

Rhus albomarginata Sond. 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Rhus batophylla Codd 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 2060< 

Rhus glutinosa A.Rich, ssp. glutinosa var. 

unifoliolata Cufodontis 20907 
I 20907 Ethiopia (Gojam) 20907 

Rhus kwazuluana Moffcti 20604 
R 20604 Soudi Africa - Natal 20604 
Rhus maricoana Moffett 206o-« 
R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
Rhus michauxii Sarg. 20850 

E 20)50 U.S. - Georgia 20«50 

V 20S50 U.S. - North Carolina 20S50 
Ex 20«50 U.S. - South Carolina 20S50 
E 20S50 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

Rhus monticola Meikle 7749 

R Malawi (Ml. Mlanje) 77'»9 

Rhus rhodesiensis R. & a. Femandes 7750 

R Zimbabwe 7750 

Rhus rudatisii Engl. 20604 

R 206O'< South Afnca ■ Natal 20604 

Rhus sekhukhuniensis Moffett 20604 

R 2060'» South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 
Rhus wildii R. & A. Femandes 7749 
R Zimbabwe 7749 

Schinopsis haenkeana Engl. /0007 

V 19448 Argentina 19448 
I 201 76 Argentina - Cordoba 201 76 
I 201 76 Argentina - San Juan 201 76 
I 20/76 Argennna - San Luis 20/76 

V 19354 Bolivia 19354 

Schinus longifolius (Llndl.) Spreg. var. 

paraguariensis (Hassler) F. Barkley 2/056 
I 20883 Argentina 20833 

Brazil 2/056 

V 20883 Paraguay 20883 

V 20883 Uruguay 20883 

Schinus patagonicus (Philippi) I.M. Johnston 16336 
I /6JJ6 Argentina /6iJ6 
I 20/76 Argentina - Chubul 20/76 
I 20176 Argentina - Neuquen 20176 
I 20/76 Argentina - Rio Negro 20776 

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi 20883 

I 20SSJ Ecuador 20883 

Sclerocarya gillettii Kokwaro 20057 

R 20057 Kenya 20057 

Semecarpus auriculata Beddome 5379 
I India - Kerala (Western Ghats) 5i79 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Muthukuzhivayal) 

5379 

Semecarpus caudata Pierre 6057 
R Vietnam 6057 



R Semecarpus gardneri Tbwaites 802; 

R 12838 Sn Lanka 8021 

V Semecarpus marginata Thwaites S021 

V 12838 Sri Lanka (Gilimale FoR) 8021 
I Semecarpus moonii Thwaites 8021 

I /6/62 Sri Lanka (Kottawa Arboretum. Galle) 

8021 

R Semecarpus myriocarpa Evrard & Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

I Semecarpus obovata Moon 802/ 

I /6;62 Sn Lanka 8021 

V Semecarpus ochracea .Uston 12838 

V ;28JS Sn Lanka 12838 

V Semecarpus parvifolia Thwaites 8021 

V ;28J8 Sn Lanka 802/ 

I Semecarpus paucinervius Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (Palawan) 13833 

E Semecarpus pubescens Thwaites 8021 

E 12838 Sn Lanka 802/ 
E Semecarpus riparia Virot 20595 

E 20893 New Caledonia 20893 

R Semecarpus subpeltata Thwaites 8021 

R /28JS Sn Lanka 8021 

V Semecarpus supanduriformis Wallich 14872 

V 14872 Bangladesh 14872 

R Semecarpus walkeri Hook.r. 8021 

R 12838 Sri Lanka 8021 

R Swintonia minuta Evrard 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

V Tapirira bethanniana Mitchell 20883. 21344 

I 20883 French Guiana 20883 

R Thyrsodium bolivianum Mitchell & Daly 2088J, 21343 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

V Trichoscypha albiflora Engl. 7926 

V 20858 Ghana 6072 

V 20858 Libena 

V Trichoscypha atropurpurea Engl. 20274 

V 20858 Ghana 20274 

V 20858 Liberia 7926 

V 20858 Nigeria 20274 

V Trichoscypha beguei Aubrev. & Pellegr. 20274 

V 20858 Cote d'lvoire 7926 

V 20858 Ghana 202 74 

V 20858 Libena 7926 

V Trichoscypha cavalliensis Aubrev. & Pellegr. 20274 

V 20858 Cote d'lvoire 7926 

V 20858 Ghana 202 7'» 

V 20858 Liberia 7926 

E Trichoscypha chevalieri Aubrev. & Pellegr. 2027< 

E 20858 Cote d'lvoire 20274 
E 20858 Ghana 20274 

R Trichoscypha liketensis Vcken /9J58 

R /9J58 Zaire (Foreslier Central) /9J58 

R Trichoscypha parvifoliolata Veken 19358 

R /9558 Zaire (Kasai) /9J58 



-49- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Ancistrocladaceae: Ancistrocladus 

Ancistrocladaceae 



Number of genera: 1 

Number of species; 15-20 

Recorded threatened species: 2 

Tropics. 
V 



(11%) 



Ancistrocladus robertsonionim Leonard 79j9 
V 20057 Kenya (Mwele; Gongoni; Buda Forest) 7959 

E Ancistrocladus uncinatus Hutch. & Dak. 7926 

E 20749 Nigena(Ekei) 7926 

Anisophylleaceae 

Number of genera: 4 

Number of species: 4 

Recorded threatened species: 2 (5%) 

Tropical or subtropical forests, mostly Africa and 
Indomalaysia; South America. 

R Anisophyllea cinnamomoides (Gardner & Champ.) 

Alston S02I 
R I2S3S Sri L.anka S02I 

R Anisophyllea obtusifolia Engl. & Brehmer 20556 

R 5926 Tanzania (east Usambara mountains) 5926 

Annonaceae 

Number of genera: 125-130 

Number of species : 2,300 

Recorded threatened species: 212 

Mainly tropical, rarely warm temperate. 



(9%) 



I Alphonsea hortensis H. Huber S021 

1 16162 Sn Ljnka S02I 
I Alphonsea keithii Ridl. /9/20 

I 19120 Thailand /9;20 

I Alphonsea zeylanica Hook.f. & Thomson S021 

1 16162 Sn Lanka S02I 
R AnaxagoreafloribundaTmanermnn 13769 

R Iji7l< Peru ;J769 
R Anaxagorea macrantha R.E. Fries ;j769 

R 1371} Brazil 13769 

R Anaxagorea manausensis Timmerman 75769 

R 13713 Brazil 13769 
R Anaxagorea pachypetala (Diels) R.E. Fries ;j769 

R 13713 Peru 13769 

R Anaxagorea rheophytica P. Maas & Westra ;j77; 

R ;.?7;.? Venezuela ;577; 

V Anaxagorea silvatica R. E Fries ;j769 

V ;j7;j Brazil ;J769 

R Ancana hirsuta Jessup 206S/ 

R 206S; Australia - Queensland 206SI 

V Annona acuminata Saff. 20SS3. 9006 

V 20885 Panama 20883 

R /tnnona campestris R. E. Fries 2oss5 

I 20883 Paraguay 2088J 

V Annona coriacea var. cuneala R. E. 

Fries 20885 
1 20885 Paraguay 20883 
I Annona domingensis R.E.Fries 2;oo8 

I 21008 Dominican Republic (around Sanio Domingo) 
2/008 



I Annona ekmanii R.E. Fries 5607 

I ;9;05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

V Annona elliptica R.E. Fries 5607 

V ;9/05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

R Annona glaucophylla R. E. Fries 208S3. 19951 

I 20885 Paraguay 20883 

E Annona havanensis R.E. Fries 5«07 

E 1910S Cuba (Ciud. Habana; Matanzas) 5607 

V Annona hayesii standi. 20SS3. 10747 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

V Annona jamaicensis Sprague 208»3 

R 20883 Jamaica 20885 

E Annona moaensis Leon & Alain 5607 

E 1910S Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

R Annona oblongifolia R.E. Fries 5607 

R ;9J05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba; Holguin) 5607 

V Annona paraguayensis R. E. Fries 20SS3. 19951 

I 20883 Paraguay 20883 

V Annona phaeoclados c. Martins 20885. 19951 

I 20883 Paraguay 20883 
R Annona praetermissa F. & R. 20883. 13336 

R /5556 Jamaica 20883 

V Annona spraguei Saff. 20883. 9006 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

I Artabotrys brevipes Craib 19120 

I ;9;20 Thailand 79720 

R Artabotrys fragrans Ast 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

R Artabotrys hispidus Sprague & Hutch. 7926 

R Sierra Leone 7926 

R Artabotrys le-testui Pellegrin 

R Gabon 

R Artabotrys modestus Diels ssp. 

modestus 19499 

R 5926 Tanzania (Lindi) 5926 
R Artabotrys nicobaricus D. Das 7777 

R 7<782 India • Nicobar Is. 14782 

I Artabotrys oblanceolatus Craib 79720 

I 79720 Thailand 79720 
I Artabotrys sponosus Craib 79720 

I 79720 Thailand 79720 
R Artabotrys vanprukii Craib 79720 

R 79720 Thailand 79720 
I Artabotrys vidaliana Ehn. 13833 

I 75855 Philippines (Palawan) 75855 
R Asimina obovata (wuid.) Nash 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E Asimina tetramera Small 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

R Asteranthe trollii Diels 5926 

R 5926 Tanzania (Uluguru mountains) 5926 

R Bocageopsis pleiosperma P. Maas 13713 

R 75775 Brazil 75775 

I Cyathostemma longipes Craib 79720 

1 79720 Thailand 79720 

E Cymbopetalum torulosum G. E. Schatz 20883. 11312 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20SS5 



-SO- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Annonaceae: Cymbopetalum 

I 208S3 Panama 208S3 
R Dasymaschalon evrardii Ast 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

I Dasymaschalon scandens Elm. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low and medium altinides) 
1 383 3 

E Deeringothamnus pulchellus SmaU losso 

E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

E Deeringothamnus rugelii (B.l. Robins.) Small 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

V Dennettia tripetala Bak.f. 20274 

V 20858 Tropical Afnca (Guinea-wide) 20858 

V 20858 Ghana 20274 

V 20S5S Nigeria ;SJ26 

I Desmos palawanensis (Elm.)MeTr. 13833 

I /55ii Philippines (low and medium altinjdes) 
13833 

E Desmos viridiflorus (Beddome) Saff. 11494 

E //-JM India ■ Kerala 11494 
E //•<9.< India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

R Duckeanthus grandiflonis R.E. Fries 13774 

R ;i7;j Brazil ;J774 

V Enantia kummeriae Engl. & Diels 19499 

V 5926 Tanzania (East Usambara & Udzungwa Mis.) 

5926 

V Enicosanthum acuminata (Thwaites) Airy Shaw «02; 

V 12838 Sri Lanica (south-west) 8021 
Friesodielsia Obanensis (Baker f.) van Sleenis 7926 

E Nigeria (Oban) 7926 

Goniothalamus expansus Craib 19120 

I 19120 Thailand ;9;20 
Goniothalamus hookeri Thwaites 8021 

V 12838 Sn Lanka (Sinharaja; Reigam Korale) 

8021 

Goniothalamus rhynchantherus Dunn 11494 
R 11494 India - Kerala (Tnvandrum District) 

11494 
R 11494 India - Tamil Nadu (Tininelveli District) 

11494 

Goniothalamus simonsii Hook.f. & Thomson 

I India - Meghalaya 

Goniothalamus takhtajanii Ban 6057 
R 20985 Viemam 6057 
Goniothalamus thomsonii Thwaites 8021 

I /6;62 Sri Lanka (Hinidumkanda. Kanneliya) 802; 

Goniothalamus wynaadensis Beddome 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

Greenwayodendron suaveolens (Engl. & Diels) Verde, ssp. 
usambaricum Verdc. 19499 

R 5926 Tanzania (east Usambara Mts.) 5926 

Guatteria cargadero Triana & Planchon 19353 

I 19352 Colombia 19353 

Guatteria jefensis Barringer 20883. 9077 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

Guatteria panamensis R.E. Fries 208SJ. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20SSJ 

Guatteriella campinensis Morawetz & p. Maas ;j776 

R 13713 Brazil ;J776 

Guatteriella tomentosa R.E. Fries ;i777 

R 13713 Brazil 13777 



R Guatteriopsis kuhlmannii R.E. Fries 13781 

R 13713 Br'll 13781 

R Haplostichai iusjohnsonii F.Muell. 20«8/ 

R 2068/ Australia - (Jueensland 2068; 

R Heteropetalum brasiliense Bcnth. ;i782 

R Brazil 13783 

R Heteropetalum spruceanum R.E. Fries 13782 

R Brazil 13783 

R Hexalobus mossambicensis N. Robson 77.(9 

R Mozambique (north) 20886 

R Homschuchia alba (A. St. Hil.) R.E. Fries ;/j09 

R ;j7;j Brazil ;yj09 
R Homschuchia cauliflora P. Maas & van Setten ;j77j 

R 13713 Brazil ;j77i 
R Homschuchia myrtillus Nees /;i09 

R ;j7;j Brazil 11309 

R Homschuchia obliqua P. Maas & van Setten 13773 

R /J7;j Brazil /i77j 
R Homschuchia polyantha P. Maas ;i7;i 

R ;J7;j Brazil /J7;i 

V Isolona cauliflora Verdc. ;9.»99 

V /9;09 Kenya (Makadara cSl Mangea forest) 19109 

V 5926 Tanzania (east Usambara Mts.) 5926 

V Isolona deightonii Keay 20274 

V 20858 Ghana 20274 

V 20858 Sierra Leone 20767 

R Malmea costaricensis R.E. Fries 9037 

R 9«6 Costa Rica 90J7 

I Melodorum fuscum Craib ;9/20 

I ;9;20 Thailand ;9;20 

V Miliusa nilagirica Beddome ;j88j 

V 13883 India - Tamil Nadu 13883 
R Miliusa parviflora Ridley 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Perils; Kedah) 

I Miliusa tectona Hutch, ex Parkinson 777/ 

I 777; India - Andaman Is. 777/ 

I Miliusa zeylanica Gardner ex Hook.f. & Thomson 8021 

I 16162 Sn Lanka (Reigam Korale; Bemota) 802/ 

I Mitrephora alba Craib 19120 

1 19120 Thailand 79/20 
R Mitrephora andamanica Thoth. & Das 777; 

R 14782 India - Andaman Is. 14782 
I Mitrephora caudata Merr. /J8JJ 

I 13833 Philippines 13833 

V Mitrephora collinsae Craib /9;20 

V /9/20 Thailand ;9/20 

I Mitrephora fragrans Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altinide) 13833 

V Mitrephora keithii Ridl. 19120 

V 19120 Thailand 19120 

I Mitrephora lanota (Blanco) Merr. 13780 

I /5960 Philippines /J7S0 

V Mitrephora winitii Craib 19120 

V 19120 Thailand 19120 

V Monanthotaxis capea (E.G. Camus) Verdc. 11631 

V 20887 Cote d'lvoire (Mudjika forest) 11631 

I Monanthotaxis dictyoneura (Diels) Verdc. 19499 

I 5926 Tanzania (Ulanga district) 5926 



-51- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Annonaceae: Monantholaxis 
I Monantholaxis discolor (Diels) Verdc. 19499 

I 5926 Tanzania (Njombe distnct) 5926 
I Monantholaxis faulknerae \erdc. 19499 

I 5926 Tanzania (Tanga dismcl) 5926 

I Monantholaxis irichaniha (Diels) Verdc. 19499 

I 5926 Tanzania (Lindi) 5926 
E Monocyclanlhus vignei Keay 6072 

E 20S5S Ghana 6072 
E 20858 Libena 20274 

V Seostenanthera hamata (Benih.) ExeU 2027'> 

V 20S58 Cole d'lvoire 7926 

V 208J8 Ghana 202 7'» 

V 20«S Libena 7926 

V 2085S Sierra Leone 7926 

R Neostenanthera robsonii Le Thomas 

R Gabon (Lastoursville & Moumba) 

E Oncodostigma hainanensie (Merr.) Tsiang & P.T. 

Li 7 76/7 
E ; 76/ 7 China • Hainan Is. 1 1 139 
E ;76;7 China -Guangxi(Hepu) ;/W9 

I Ophrypelalum odoratum Diels ssp. longipedicellatum 

Verdc. 19499 
1 5926 Tanzania (Morogoro disthcl) 5926 
R Orophea hirsuta King 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

Orophea palawanensis Elm. i3S33 

I 13833 Philippines {low and medium altinides) 
13833 

Orophea salicifolia Hutch. 777; 

I 777; India - Andaman Is. 777/ 
Orophea submaculata Elm. I3S31 

I I3S33 Philippines (Palawan) I3S33 
Orophea Ihomsoni Beddome 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

Orophea torulosa Hutch. 777; 

I India - Andaman Is. 7777 

Orophea uniflora Hook.r. & Thomson 7J8W 

1 India • Kamataka 

I India - Kerala 

1 India - Tamil Nadu 

R Oxandra maya Miranda 905s 

R I97S5 Mexico 9058 

V Phaeanlhus malabaricus Beddome 7-i7S2 

V 7-<782 India • Kerala /•I7S2 

I Phoenicanlhus coriacea (Thwaites) H. Huber 8027 

I /«;62 Sn Lanka (south-west) 8027 
I Phoenicanlhus obliqua (Hook.f. & Thomson) 

Alston 8027 

I 76762 Sri Lanka 8027 

V ftp/osrigma/ugajr A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Diaz. 20274 

V 20858 Cote d'lvoire 7926 

V 2085S Ghana 2027.1 

V 20858 Liberia 7926 

R Piptostigma oyemense Pellegiin 

R Gabon (Oyem) 

Ex/E Polyalthia angustifolia 19472 

Ex/E I94T2 Fiji (Mt Korombamba) 19472 
1 Polyalthia eltneri Merr. i3S33 

I 7J8JJ Philippines (Palawan) 13833 
R Polyalthia michaelii C.White 2068/ 

R 20687 Australia ■ Queensland 2068/ 



R Polyalthia minima Ast 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

I Polyalthia moonii Thwaites 8027 

I 76762 Sn Lanka (Reigam Korale. Kalutara) 
8027 

I Polyalthia palawanensis Merr. 13833 

I 7JSJi Philippines (low altitude) 13833 
I Polyalthia persicaefolia (Hook.f. & Thomson) 

Thwaites 8027 

I 76762 Sri Lanka 8027 
R Polyalthia rufescens Hook.f. & Thomson 74782 

R 747S2 India - Kerala 74782 

R 747S2 India ■ Tamil Nadu 747S2 

E Polyceratocarpus scheffleri Engl. & Diels 19499 

E 5926 Tanzania (Usambara. Uluguru. Udzungwa Mts.) 
20927 

R Popowia beddomeana Hook.f. & Thomson 77494 

R 77494 India - Kerala 77494 
R 77494 India ■ Tamil Nadu 77494 

I Popowia parvifolia Kun 7777 

I India - Nicobar Is. 7777 

I Popowia velutina King 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Gopeng. Perak) 

R Pseudephedranthus fragans (ft.E.Fries) Aristtg. 13713 

R 13713 Venezuela (Amazonia) 13713 

R Pseudoxandra pacifica P. Maas 13713 

R 13713 Colombia 7i77J 

R Pseuduvariaf roggattii (FM\K\i.) Jessup 2068I 

R 20687 Australia - (Queensland 20687 

I Pseuduvaria galeata J. Sincl. 79209 

I 79209 Malaysia * Peninsular Malaysia (Johor) 
79209 

R Pseuduvaria hylandii Jessup 20687 

R 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 
R Pseuduvaria mulgraveana Jessup var. glabrescens 

Jessup 20687 
R 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 

R Pseuduvaria prainii (King) Merr. 74782 

R 74782 India - Andaman Is. 74782 
R 14782 India - Slicobar Is. 14782 

R Pseuduvaria villosa Jessup 20687 

R 2068; Australia - Queensland 20687 
R Reedrollinsia cauliflora J.W. Walker 77J77 

R 77^06 Mexico - Chiapas 77J77 

V Rollinia amazonica R. E. Fries 20833. 13783 

R 7577J Colombia (Amazonas) 21009 
R Rollinia andicola P. Maas & Westra 20883 

I 2O88J Ecuador (Chimborazo) 27009 
I 208SJ Peru (Amazonas; Pasco) 27009 

E Rollinia bahiensis P. Maas & Westra 20883. 13713 

I 2088J Brazil 20883 
R 13713 Brazil - Bahia 9097 

E Rollinia boliviana R. E. Fries 20883. 13785 

R 7J77J Bolivia (La Paz) 21009 

E Rollinia calcarata R. E. Fries 20883. msi 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R 27009 Brazil - Acre 27009 

V Rollinia centrantha R. E. Fries 20883 
I 20883 Ecuador (Pastaza) 27009 

I 20883 PeitJ 20883 



-52- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Annonaceae: RoUinia 

R RoUinia chrysocarpa P. Maas & Westra 20883. 16347 

R 2/009 Ecuador (Napo) 2IW9 
R 21009 Peru (Amazonas) 2/009 

R RoUinia danforthii standley 20SS3. 9037 

I 208«J Costa Rica 20S83 

I 20SS3 Colombia (Antioquia) 21009 

R RoUinia dolichopetala R. E. Fries 20883. 16347 

I 20883 Ecuador (Morona-Sanriago; Pastaza) 21009 

V RoUinia ecuadorensis R. E. Fries 20SS3. 13777 

R 13713 Ecuador (Napo) 21009 

R RoUinia fendleri R. E. Fries 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

E RoUinia ferruginea (R. E. Fries) P. Maas & 

Westra 20883. 13784 
I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R 21009 Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 21009 

R RoUinia fosteri P. Maas & Westra 20883 

I 20883 Ecuador (Guayas) 21009 
I 2088J Peru (Amazonas; Madre de Digs) 21009 

E RoUinia helosioides P. Maas & Westra 20««. /J7W 

R /i7/J Brazil /J78< 
I 208SJ Ecuador (Napo) 21009 

R RoUinia henogii R. E. Fries 20«si 

R 2088J Bolivia (Santa Cruz) 21009 
I 20883 Peru (Madre de Dios) 21009 

R RoUinia mammifera P. Maas & Westra 208S3 

I 2088J Brazil 2088J 

? Brazil - Acre 2/009 

I 2088J Peru (San Martin) 21009 

V RoUinia pachyantha P. Maas & Westra 20883 
I 20883 Colombia (El Valle) 21009 

R RolUnia parviflora A. F. C. P. de 

Saint-Hilaire 20883 
I 20883 Brazil 20883 

? Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 2/009 

R RoUinia pickeUi Diels 2088i. /izzj 

I 2OS8J Brazil 20883 

? Brazil - Paraiba 2/009 

? Brazil - Pemambuco 21009 

E RolUnia rufinervis Triana & Planchon 20883. 13774 

R /J7/i Colombia (Antioquia) 2/009 

R RoUinia ubatubensis P. Maas & Westra 20SSi, 13784 

I 2OS8J Brazil 2088i 

? Brazil - Sao Paulo (Ubaniba) 21009 

R RoUinia velutina van Marie 20S8J 

I 20883 Colombia (Boyaca) 2/009 
I 20883 Venezuela (Apure) 21009 

R RolUnia xylopiifolia (A. F. C. P. de Saint-Hilaire & Tulasne) 

R. E. Fries 20883 
I 2088i Brazil 20883 
I 20883 Brazil - Espirito Santo 21009 
I 20883 Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 2/009 
I 20883 Brazil - Sao Paulo 2/009 

I Saccopetalum arboreum Elm. 13833 

I 13833 Philippmes (low altitude) 13833 
R Saccopetalum proUficum (Chim & How) Tiiang /76/7 

R /76/7 China - Hainan Is. 11139 
Ex/E Sageraea grandiflora Dunn z/^-* 

Ex/E //'(94 India - Kerala 11494 
I Sageraea laurifolia (Grab.) Blatter 

I India - Kamataka (Concan) 

I India - Kerala 

I India - Tamil Nadu 



I Sageraea listeri King var. andamanica 

Chatterjee 777/ 
I India - Andaman Is. 7771 

I Sageraea reticulata Craib /9/20 

I 19120 Thailand 19120 

V Sageraea thwaitesii Hook.f. & Thomson S021 

V 12838 Sn Lanka 802/ 

I Stelechocarpus longipes Craib /9/20 

I 19120 Thailand 19120 

I Stenanona panamensis Standi. 2088S. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 2088i 

R Tetrameranthus globuliferus Westre I37S6 

R 13713 Ecuador 13786 

R Tetrameranthus macrocarpus R.E. Fries /J7s« 

R 13713 Colombia 13786 
R Tetrameranthus umbellatus Westra 13786 

R 13713 Peru (Amazonia) 13713 

I Toussaintia orientalis Verdc. /9'f99 

I .$926 Tanzania (Uzaramo & Ulanga districts) 
5926 

V Tridimeris hahniana (Baillon) Baillon 11309 

V //i06 Mexico 11309 

E Trivalvaria kanjilalii D. Das 11494 

E //■»94 India - Meghalaya 11494 
I Unona longiflora Roxb. 

I India - Meghalaya (Tura Peak & Nongkhyllem R) 

R Unona tiebaghiensis Daniker 

R New Caledonia 

R Unonopsis angustifolia (Benth.) R.E. Fries /i78/ 

R 13713 Brazil /J7S/ 
E Unonopsis panamensis R.E. Fries 2ossj. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Unonopsis riedeliana R.E. Fries i37si 

R /J7;j Brazil /J78/ 

R Unonopsis rigida R.E. Fries /J7S7 

R /J7/J Brazil /i787 

R Unonopsis umbilicata (Dunal) R.E. Fries ssp. 

urnbilicata 1378I 

R Grenada /J78/ 

R Unonopsis velutina P. Maas /j7/j 

R /J7/J Venezuela 13713 
R Uvaria clavata Pierre ex Engl. & Diels 

R Gabon 

I Uvaria decidua Diels /9'?99 

I 5926 Tanzania (Lindi) 5926 
E Uvaria eucincta Beddome ex Dunn 13883 

E /J88i India - Onssa 777/ 

R Uvaria flexuosa Ast 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

I Uvaria gabonensis Engl. & Diels 

I Gabon (Libreville) 

I Uvaria hamiltonii Hook. F. & Th. var. kurTJa 

King 777/ 

! India - Andaman Is. 7771 

R Uvaria klainei Pierre ex Engl. & Diels 

R Gabon (Libreville) 

I Uvaria lurida Hook.f. & Tbomson 

I India - Meghalaya 



-53- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Annonaceae: Vvaria 
R Vvaria nicobarica Raiz. & Sahni 777; 

R 14782 India - Nicobar Is. I47S2 
I Vvaria nudistellata Elm. US33 

1 I3S13 Philippines (medium allinide) 13833 
I Vvaria semecarpifolia Hook.f. & Thomson mil 

I 16162 Sn Lanka S02; 
R Vvaria sofa Scott EUiol 7926 

R Guinea 7926 

R Vvaria thomasii Sprague & Hutch, sooj 

R Senegal (Basse Casamance) SOOi 

R Sierra Leone (Sendugu) SOOJ 

V Vvaria tortilis a. Chev. ex Hutch. 7926 

V Cole d'lvoire (Bingerville) 7926 
R Vvariodendron anisatum Verdc. 7959 

R 20057 Kenya (THika; Kanira. Meni & En !i forests) 
17435 

E Vvariodendron gorgonis Verdc. 19499 

E 20057 Kenya (Kwalc) 19499 
E 200S7 Tanzania (Morogoro) 19499 

V Vvariodendron occidentale L« Thomas 20274 

V 208i8 Cameroon 18326 

V 20858 Cote d'lvoire 20274 

V 2085S Ghana 20274 

V 20«5« Libena 18326 

V 20858 Nigeria ;SJ26 

R Vvariopsis le-testui Pellegrin 

R Gabon (Lastoursville) 

V Xylopia acunae Borh. & Risco 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Sancti Spintus) 5607 

E Xylopia amplexicaulis (Lam.) Baillon ;oo82, 2;j29 

E 2077y Mauntius ;00S2 
R Xylopia championii Hook.f. & Thomson 802/ 

R 12838 Sri Lanka (south-west) 8021 
R Xylopia ekmanii R.E. Fries 5607 

R /9/05 Cuba (Guanianamo) 5607 

V Xylopia elliotii Engl. 20274 

V 20858 Cote divoire 20858 

V 20858 Ghana 20274 

R Xylopia hastarum M.L. Green 2ossj 

R 20S8J Jamaica 20883 

E Xylopia lamarckii Baillon 10082. 21329 

E 2077/ Mauntius 10082 

V Xylopia latipetala Verdc. /9499 

V 20885 Tanzania (Rondo Plateau) 20885 

R Xylopia longifolia DC. 2088J 

V 2O88J Panama 20883 

I Xylopia nigricans Hook.f. & Thomson 802/ 

I ;6;62 Sn Lanka (Ritigala FoR) 8021 

R Xylopia torrei N. Robson 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

V Xylopiastrum taiense Aubrcv. 

V Cote d'lvoire (Tai) 

Apocynaceae 

Number of genera: 168-200 

Number of species : 2.000 

Recorded threatened species: 149 (7%) 

Tropics, particularly rain forest regions. 

I Aganosma montana Kerr /9/20 

I ;9;20 Thailand (9/20 



R Aganosma petelotii Ly 6057 

R /57J4 Viemam 6057 
I Alstonia CUrtisii King & Gamble 19120 

I I9t20 Thailand /9/20 
R Alstonia marquisensis M.Grant 20845 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 
R Alstonia quatemava Van Heurck 20893 

R 2089J New Caledonia 20S9i 
R Alstonia saligna S.Moore 20893 

R 20893 New Caledonia 20893 

R Alyxia angustifolia Ridley 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

R Alyxia divaricata Pitard 60J7 

R Viemam 6057 

R Alyxia gynopogon Roemer & Schultes ;9;o8 

R ;9;08 Australia ■ Norfolk Is. /42SS 
R Alyxia ilicifolia F.Muell. ssp. magnifolia 

(F.M.BaUey) P.l.Forster 2068; 
R 2068; Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Alyxia insularis Kaneh. & Sas. 

R Taiwan (Lan Yu & Is. Lutao) 

R Alyxia integricarpa Boit. 20895 

R 20S9i New Caledonia 20895 
R Alyxia lindii F. Muell. 

R /4225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. I422S 
R Alyxia orophila Domin 206S/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Alyxia sharpei P.Forster 2068/ 

R 2068; Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Alyxia spathulata Guillaumin 

R New Caledonia 

R Alyxia squamulosa C. Moore & F. Muell. ;4225 

R 14223 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. /422J 
R Alyxia taiwanensis Lu & Vang 205/; 

R 20854 Taiwan 205// 
R Alyxia torresiana Gaudich. 

R 18338 North Mariana Is. (Rota. Saipan. Tinian) 
18338 , 

R /8JJ8 U.S. - Guam /8JJS 

R Alyxia vieillardii Boit. 

R New Caledonia 

R Ambelania duckei Markgraf 208S3 

R 20883 Brazil 2088J 

V 20883 Peru 20885 

R Ambelania occidentalis Zamichi 2088i 

V 20883 Brazil 20883 

E 2088J Colombia 20SSJ 
R 20885 Peru 20885 

V Amionia/ugato' s.P. McLaughlin 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Amsonia grandiflora Alexander 20883. 20850. 8058 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
E 2088J Mexico 20SSJ 

R Amsonia hubrichtii Woods. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 

E Amsonia keameyana Woods. 2088J, 20850 /9002 

E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 2088J 

R Amsonia ludoviciana Vail 20850 



-54- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Apocynaceae: Amsonia 

V 20S50 U.S. - Georgia 20S50 
R 20SS0 U.S. - Louisiana 20SS0 
Ex/E 208SO U.S. - Mississippi 20S50 

I 20SS0 U.S. - South Carolina 20S50 

R Amsonia peeblesii Woods. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20S50 

V Amsonia rigida Shuttlw. ex Small 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Florida 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

1 20S50 U.S. - Louisiana 20*50 

E Amsonia tharpii Woods. 20850 

E 20«50 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20«50 U.S. - Texas 20850 

I Anodendron nervosum Kerr ;9/20 

I /9;20 Thailand I9I20 

V Anodendron rhinosporum Thwaites 8021 

V 12838 Sri Lanka (Ritigala SNR) 8021 

R Apocynum venetum L. var. basikurmon 

Kara 10573 
R ;057J Japan ;057J 
R Aspidosperma camporum Muell. Arg. in Mart. 20883. 

19951 
I 20883 Brazil 20SSJ 
R 20SSJ Paraguay 20««J 

E Aspidospenna chodatii Hassler ex Mark. 208W 

E 20883 Paraguay 20883 
E Aspidospenna darienense Dwyer 20883. 9006 

I 2O8SJ Panama 20883 

R Aspidosperma polyneuron Muell. Arg. 20883. 10370 

E 5462 Argentina 20883 

I 20/76 Argentina - Misiones 20176 

I 20883 Bolivia 2088J 

I 20SSJ Brazil 20883 

E ;W52 Colombia 20883 

V 2088J Paraguay 2088J 
E 10370 Peru 2088J 

R Aspidospenna quirandy Hassler 2088J 

R 208SJ Paraguay 2088J 
R Aspidosperma riedelii Muell. Arg. 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 
R 20883 Paraguay 208SJ 

R Aspidosperma tritematum Rojas Acosta 2088J 

I 20883 Argentina 20883 
R 2088J Paraguay 20883 

E Cameraria microphylla Brittoo 5607 

E ;9;oj Cuba (Ciegode Avila; Camaguey) 5607 

E Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl. var. sechellensis 

(Baker) Pichon 14981 
E 14981 Seychelles (Silhouette) 149SI 

V Carissa xylopicron Thouars /0082 

E 14234 Reunion 14234 
E 5852 Mauritius 5852 

V 5852 Mauntius - Rodrigues 5852 

I Catharanthus coriaceus Markgraf 19940 

I 19940 Madagascar ;0i6S 

R Cerbera dumicola P.Forstcr 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Cerbera inflata S.T.BUke 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
E Cerberiopsis neriifolia (S. Moore) Boil. 208W 

E 2089J New Caledonia 2089J 



R 
R 

V 

R 
V 
R 



E 
Ex 

E 
E 
R 
R 

R 
E 



E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
R 
V 



Cerberiopsis obtusifolia (Van Heurck & F. Muell.) 

Boit. 20S9J 

V 20S9i New Caledonia 2089J 
Chilocarpus alyxifolius Pierre 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

Couma catingae Ducke 20883 

R 20883 Brazil 2088J 

Cycladenia humilis Benth. var. jonesii (Eastw.) 

Welsh & Atwood 20850 
E 20850 U.S. 

V 20850 U.S. 



Arizona 20850 

Utah (south-east) 20850 



Ervatamia chilangensis Ly 6057 

R 15734 Viemam (Lang Son) 6057 

Forsteronia domatiella Proctor 20883 

V 20883 Jamaica 20883 

Forsteronia myriantha J.D. Sm. 20883. 9096 
I 20883 Guatemala 20883 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

Forsteronia viridescens Blake 20S8J 

I 20883 Belize 20883 

I 20883 Guatemala 20883 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

Forsteronia wilsonii (Griseb.) Woodson 20883. 13336 
E 13336 Jamaica 20883 

Holanhena pubescens (Bucb.-Ham.) Wall ex G. 

Don /8/02 
Ex 18102 Pakistan 18102 
Hunteria ghanensis 3. Hall & Leeuwenb. 2027.< 

E 20858 Ghana 20274 
Ichnocarpus microcalyx Pitard 19120 
E /9;20 Thailand 19120 

Kopsia cochinchinensis Kuntze 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

Landolphia owariensis Beauv. var. leiocalyx 

(Pichon) H. Huber 7926 
R Guinea (Fouta Djalon) 7926 

Landolphia utilis (A. Chev.) Pichon 7926 
R Cote d'lvoire 7926 

Lepinia taitensis Decne. 20845 
E 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Moorea. 
Tahiti) 20845 

Malouetia isthmica Markgr. 20883. 10747 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

Colombia (San Jose del Palmar) 21093 

Mandevilla campanulata Markgr. 20883. 10747 

I 20883 Panama 208SJ 

Melodinus angustifolius Hayata 20511 

R 205// Taiwan 205// 

Melodinus baccellianus (F.Muell.) S.T.Blake 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

Melodinus baueri Endl. i9W8 

R 19108 Australia - Norfolk Is. 14288 
Melodinus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

Melodinus insulae-pinorum Boit. 20893 

E 2089J New Caledonia 2089J 

Melodinus minutiflorus Pitard 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

Melodinus reticulatus Boit. 20893 

V 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 



-55- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Apocynaceae: Melodinus 

V Melodinus tiebaghiensis Boil. 20891 

V 20S93 New Caledonia 20S93 

E Mortoniella pittieri VI oodson 11967 

Ex/E 11967 Cosia Rica II967 
E 11967 Nicaragua 11967 

V Mucoa pantchenkoana Markgraf 2M83 

V 20SS3 Venezuela 20SS3 

V Neisosperma brevituba (Boit.) Boit. 20S93 

V 20S93 New Caledonia 20S93 

Ex Neisosperma brownii Fosberg & Sachet 20s-<5 

Ex 20S45 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Nuku Hival 
20S4i 

E Neisosperma kilneri (F.MueU.) Fosb. 2068I 

E 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
E Neisosperma sevenetii (Boit.) Boit. 20893 

E 20893 New Caledonia 20893 
E Neisosperma thiollierei (Montr.) Boit. 20893 

E 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 
R Neobracea acunaiana Lippold 5607 

R 19105 Cuba (Holguin: Guanianamo) 5607 
E Neobracea martiana Borh. & Muniz 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

V Neobracea susannina Borh. 5607 

V /9;05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

R Nouettea cochinchinensis Pierre 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

V Ochrosia borbonica i. Gmelin 10082 

V 14234 Reunion 10082 
E 2077/ Mauntius 10082 

Ex OcAroiia /ofu/ll veniW Fosberg& Sachet 20S45 

E.\ 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Fatu Hiva) 
20S-<5 

V Ochrosia grandiflora Boit. 2089J 

V 20S93 New Caledonia 2089J 

E Ochrosia haleakalae St. John 20850. 1026O 

E 20850 US. - Hawaii (Maui & Hawai'i) 20850 
R Ochrosia hexandra Koidz. 19134 

R 79755 Japan - Kazan Retto 8622 
E Ochrosia inventorum L.AUorge 20802 

E 20893 New Caledonia (Poinle Maa) 20802 
E Ochrosia kauaiensis St. John 20S50. 14209 

E 20850 US, - Hawaii (ICauai) 20850 
Ex/E Ochrosia kilaueaensis St. John 20SSO, 14209. 21348. 

21356 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kilauea) 20850 
E Ochrosia moorei (F.MueU.) Benth. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

Ex Ochrosia nukuhivensis Fosberg & Sachet 20845 

Ex 208.*5 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Nulcu Hiva) 
20845 

Ex Ochrosia tahitensis Lanessan ex Pichon 208<5 

Ex 208<5 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiu) 
20845 

E I Pachypodium ambongense L. Poisson /0568 
E 79879 Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 

R I Pachypodium baronii Constantin & Bois var. 
baronii 10368 
R 79879 Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 

E I Pachypodium baronii Constantin & Bois var. windsori 



E 


1 


R 


// 


R 


// 


R 


// 



V II 
R // 

R 
E 
V 

V 
R 
V 
V 
V 
R 

V 
R 
R 

I 

E 

V 

E 

E 

E 

E 



(L. Poisson) Pichon 10368 
E 20578 Madagascar (Antsiranana) 20578 

Pachypodium decaryi L. Poisson /oi68 

E 20578 Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 
Pachypodium densiflorum Baker var. brevicalyx H. 

Perrier /0J68 
R /9879 Madagascar (Antananarivo) 20578 

Pachypodium horombense Pichon /0568 
R 19879 Madagascar 
Pachypodium lamerei Drake var. ramosum (Costantin 

& Bois) Pichon /0568 
R /9S79 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 

Pachypodium namaquanum (Wyley ex Harv.) Welw. 20604 

V 20604 Namibia 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Pachypodium rosulatum Baker var. 
rosulatum 10368 

R /9879 Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 
Parabarium chevalieri Piiard 605 7 

R Viemam 6057 

Parahancomia krukovii Monschino 2088J 

V 20883 Brazil 20883 

Parahancomia oblonga Monachino 2088J 

E 2088J Brazil 2088J 
E 20883 Venezuela 20883 

Parahancomia peruviana Monactano 21102. 17462 

V 20883 Peru 20883 

Parsonsia alboflavescens (Dennsl.) Mabb. 2068/ 
R 2068/ Australia - Northern Territory 2068/ 

Parsonsia densivestita c.White 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Parsonsia dorrigoensis J.B.wuuams ms. 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - New Soudi Wales 2068/ 
Parsonsia larcomensis J.B.WiUiams ms. 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Parsonsia largiflorens (Benth.) S.T.Blake 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - (Jueensland 2068/ 

Parsonsia mpestris J.B.Williams ms. 206S/ 

V 2068/ Australia • Queensland 2068/ 

Parsonsia siamensis Kerr 19120 
R /9/20 Thailand /9/20 
Parsonsia tenuis S.T.Blake 206s; 
1 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

Pelchia ceylanica (Wight) Livera 8027 
I /6/62 Sn Lanka 8021 
Prestonia lenticellata a. Gentry 2o«Si, 10247 

I 2088J Panama 20883 

Prestonia obovata Standi. 2088J. 9006 

V 20883 Panama 20885 

Prestonia remediorum Woods. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20885 

Prestonia tysonii A. Gentry 20883. 10747 

I 20883 Panama 20885 

Prestonia wedelii Woods. 20883. 10747 

1 20883 Panama 20883 

Pteralyxia kauaiensis Camn 20850. 14209. 21349 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 



-56- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Apocynaceae: Pteralyxia 

V Pteralyxia macrocarpa (Hbd.) K. Schum. 20850. 14209 

V 20S5O U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Rauvolfia beddomei Hook.r. 

R /8228 India ■ Kerala (Travancorc Hills) M228 
I India - Tamil Nadu (Timnelveli Hills) 

R Rauvolfia chaudocensis Pierre ex Pitard 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

V Rauvolfia linearifolia Brinon & P. Wilson 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba; Holguin) 5607 

E Rauvolfia sachetiae Fosberg 208.<5 

E 20S45 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Hiva Oa. Nuku 
Hiva) 20S45 

E Rauvolfia sevenetii Boit. 20S93 

E 20)93 New Caledonia 208M 

R Rauvolfia spathulata Boit. 2oa93 

R 20S93 New Caledonia 20S93 

I Rhazya greissii Tackh. & Boulos 

I Egypt 

I Secondatia macnabii (Urb.) Woodson 208a3. 13336 

I 13336 Jamaica 2088J 

R Spongiosperma longilobum Markgraf 20SS3 

R 20883 Brazil 20SS3 

R Spongiosperma riparium Monachino 20883 

E 2088J Colombia 20883 

V 20883 Venezuela 20883 

I Stemmadenia brasiliensis Leeuwenberg 20831 

I 20831 Brazil - Para 20831 

V Stephanostema stenocarpum Schumann 5926 

V 5926 Tanzania 5926 

V Strempeliopsis arborea Urb. 2o«8j. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 2088i 

R Strophanthus annamensis Tsiang 605? 

R Vietnam 6057 

V Strophanthus zimmermannianus Monach. 20057 

V 20057 Kenya (Shimba hills) 20057 

I Tabemaemontana capuronii Leeuwenberg 20832 

I 20852 Madagascar (Foulpoime) 20832 

I Tabemaemontana granulosa Pitard 208J2 

I 20W2 Viemam 20832 

R Tabemaemontana ochroleuca Urb. 20883. 13336 

R ;JJJ6 Jamaica 20S8J 

E Tabemaemontana ovalifolia Urb. 20883. 13336 

E yjJi6 Jamaica 20885 

V Tabemaemontana persicariifolia Jacq. 208J2 

E 14234 Reunion 14234 

V 2077; Mauritius ;09i6 

R Tabemaemontana wullschlaegelii Griseb. 20ssj 

R 20S8J Jamaica 20SS5 

R Thevetia bicomuta Muell. Arg. 2088i 

R 2088J Paraguay 20SSJ 
R Trachelospermum formosanum Liu & Ou 205;/ 

R 205;; Taiwan 205;/ 

I Urceola laevis (Elm.) Merr. ;j8jj 

I ;JSJJ Philippines (Palawan) 13833 

I Vallaris macrantha Ridl. /9;20 

I 19120 Thailand 19120 

R VaWesia/fexuoxa Woodson 9057 

R 9426 Costa Rica 90J7 

R Vallesia spectabiilis 19848 



R ;98-<8 Mexico 19848 
I Wrightia dolichocarpa Bahadur & Bennet 

I India - Goa. Daman & Diu (Nagar Haveli) 

I Wrightiaflavido-rosea Trimen 8021 

1 16162 Sn Lanka (Doluwakanda, Kurunegala) 
S02; 

V Wrightia pubescens R. Br. ssp. lanitii (Blanco) 

Ngan ;0278 
V Philippines ;027S 

R Wrightia versicolor S.T.Blake 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - (Queensland 2068/ 

Aquifoliaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Nearly cosmopolitan. 



2-4 

320-420 

37 



(10%) 



R Hex arisanensis Yam. 20511 

R 20854 Taiwan 205// 

V Hex beecheyi (Loes.) Makino 8057 

V 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 20626 

R Ilex bioritsensis Hayata 20511 

R 205/; Taiwan 20511 
I Ilex cassine L. ssp. mexicana (Turcz.) E. 

Murray //755 
I //7JJ Mexico - Veracruz 11733 

R //ex collina Alexander 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - West Virginia 20850 

E Ilex cookii Britt. & wuson 20«8J, 8058 

I 20883 Puerto Rico (Cerro de Punta) 2088J 

E Ilex dimorphophylla Koidz. 20626 

E 20626 Japan (Ryukyu) 20626 

I Ilex embeloides Hook.f. 

1 India - Meghalaya (Khasi hills) 

R Ilexflorifera F. & R. 20885. /jjj6 

R /JiJ6 Jamaica 20885 
R Ilex formosae (Loes.) Li 

R Taiwan (south) 

Ex/E Ilex gardneriana Wight 14782 

Ex/E 14782 India • Tamil Nadu (Sispara, Nilgiri) 
14782 

R Ilex harrisii Loes. 20883 

R 20885 Jamaica 20S8J 

V Ilex jamaicana Proctor 20883, 13336 

V /9890 Jamaica (Portland) 20883 
E Ilex khasiana Purakaystha 

E India - Meghalaya (Khasi hills) 777/ 

R Ilex loeseneri Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Ilex lonicerifolia var. matsudai 20854 

R 20854 Taiwan 20854 

V Ilex maingayi Hook. f. 7750 

V 20099 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (west coast & southern 

regions) /9209 

R Ilex matanoana 1812s 

R /9/i6 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto I8I28 
I Ilex micrantha Tnana & Planchon /9i52 



-57- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Aquifoliaceae: Ilex 

I 19352 Colombia 19352 
I Ilex mitis (L.) Radlk. var. schliebenii 

Loes. 19501 
I 5926 Tanzania (Uluguru mountains) S926 

R Ilex moana Borh. & Muniz Sbo? 

R 19105 Cuba (Guanlanamo) 5607 
V //fJir nannophylla Borh. & Muniz J607 

V 19105 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 
R //ej: opaca Sol. var. arenicola (Ashe) 

Ashe 20S50. ;7890 
R 20S50 U.S. - Florida 20S50 

I //ejr palawanica Lossn. ex Elm. / j<jj 

I 13833 Philippines (Mt. Pulgar) I3S33 

R Ilex perado Aiton ssp. perado 20171 

R Ponugal - Madeira 

E Ilex perado Alton ssp. platyphylla (Webb & 

Berthel.) Tutin ;5/05 
E ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Ilex percoriacea Tuy. «0i8 

R /9/i-/ Japan - Ogasawara-shoto (Chichijima) 

8038 

E Wej: praetennissa Kiew 

E Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Klang Gates Ridge) 

R Hex puberula Proctor 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 13336 
I Ilex rarasanensis Sasaki 20511 

I 205/; Taiwan 205;; 
R //ejr rubrinervis Tard. 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R //ex sideroxyloides (Sw.) Griseb. var. occidentalis 

(Macfad.) Loes. 208W 

R 20883 Jamaica 20S8J 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 2088J 

E Ilex Sintenisii (Urban) Brilt. 20883 

V 2088J Puerto Rico 20S83 

I Ilex SUbtriflora Griseb. 20883. 13336 

I 13336 Jamaica 20883 
Ex Ilex tematiflora (C. Wright) R.A. Howard ;5;;2 

Ex ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) ;5;;2 
R Ilex tsugitakayamensis Sas. 20511 

R 20511 Taiwan 205;/ 

R Ilex urbaniana Loes. ;5/07 

R /5/07 Puerto Rico /5;07 
R ;5;07 Bntish Virgm Is. /5;07 

E Ilex vaccinioides Loes. 2088J 

E 20883 Jamaica 20883 

I Ilex venulosa Hook.r. 

I India ■ Aranachal Pradesh (Khasi hills) 

Araliaceae 



Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 



47-70 
700 
107 (15%) 

Tropical and subtropical; some in temperate regions. 



Acanthopanax baviensis R. Viguier 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

Apiopelalum velutinum BaiUon 20S93 

R 20893 New Caledonia 20893 
Aralia macdowallii F.Muell. 2068; 



R 2068; Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Aralia soratensis Marchal /«20o 

R 12468 Peru ;8200 

I Arthrophyllum pulgarense Ehn. ;i8i5 

I 13833 Philippines (upper Mt. Pulgar) 13833 

V Astrotricha crassifolia Blakely 2068; 

V 20681 Australia - New South Wales 2068; 
R Astrotricha parvifolia Wakef . 2068; 

R 206S; Australia ■ Victoria 2068; 

V Astrotricha roddii R.Makinson 2068; 

I 2068; Australia - New South Wales 2068; 
I 2068; Australia - Queensland 2068; 

R Brassaiopsis gaussenii Bui 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

E Cheirodendron dominii Krajina 20850. 14209 

E 208.50 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

V Cheirodendron forbesii (Sherff) Lowry 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Kaua' i - Makaleha Mis) 
20850 

I Cheirodendron marquesense F. Brown 

I French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 

V Cussonia bancoensis Aubrev. & Pellcgr. ;5970 

V 20858 Ghana /5970 

R Cussonia gamtoosensis Strey 2O60.» 

R 20604 Soudi Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Cussonia kirkii Seem. var. bracteata 

Tennant /9502 
I 5926 Tanzania (Lindi) 5926 
I Cussonia kirkii Seem. var. quadripetala 

Tennant /9502 
I 5926 Tanzania (Songea district) 5926 

R Cussonia ostinii Chiov. 19704 

R 19704 Ethiopia (Gonder. Gojam. Welega. Kefa.) 
;970'< 

V Dendropanax blakeanus Briiton 20883. 19890 

R 19890 Jamaica 20883 

R Dendropanax caloneurus (Harms) Merr. 6057 

R ;57J.< Viemam 6057 
E Dendropanax corflifolius Britton 208SJ. 13336 

E 20885 Jamaica 20883 

E Dendropanax darienensis Seem. 20S8J. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Dendropanax filipes Britton 20883. 13336 

E 20883 Jamaica 20883 

E Dendropanax grandiflorus Briiton 20883. 13336 

E 20883 Jamaica 20883 

E Dendropanax grandis Britton 20883. 13336 

E 20883 Jamaica 208SJ 

E Dendropanax morbifera Lev. /5957 

E /592J Korea. South (Chejudo) /5957 
R Dendropanax nutans (Sw.) Decne. & Planch. 20885 

I 20SSJ Jamaica 20883 
R Dendropanax nutans (Sw.) Decne. & Planch, var. 

nutans 20883 

R 2088J Jamaica 20883 
R Dendropanax nutans Adams var. obtusifolius CD. 

Adams 20883. 15911 
I 20883 Jamaica 20883 

E Dendropanax ovalifolius (F. & R.) Adams 20883. 15911 



-58- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Araliaceae: Dendropanax 

R 13136 Jamaica 20SS3 

R Dendropanax pendulus (Sw.) Decne. & Planch. 2oas3 

R 20S83 Jamaica 20883 
R Dendropanax portlandianus Proctor 20SS3. 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 20883 
E Dendropanax sessiliflorus (Standi. & a.c. Sm.) A.C. 

Sm. 20883. 9006 
I 20S83 Panama 20883 
R Dendropanax swartzii (F. & R.) A.C. Smith 20883. 

13336 
R 13336 Jamaica 20883 
R Echinopanax horridum Kom. 75957 

R 15923 Korea. South (Ml Sorak) 15957 
R Fatsia oligocarpella Koidz. /9;j5 

R I9I35 Japan - Kazan Reno (Minami-Iwojima) 

8622 
R 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoio 8622 

V Gastonia crassa (Hemsley) Friedm. ;«96 

V 19181 Seychelles 14296 

E Gastonia lionnetii F. Friedmann /'>98/ 

E 1498} Seychelles 14981 
E Gastonia mauritiana Marais 10082 

E 2077; Mauntius I00S2 

E Gastonia rodriguesiana Marais /oo«2 

E 5852 Maurilius • Rodngues 5852 
E Gastonia sechellarum (Baker) Harms var. 

sechellarum 14296 
E Seychelles (granitic) 14296 

E Gastonia sechellarum (Baker) Harms var. contracta 

F. Friedmann 14981 
E 14981 Seychelles (granitic) 14981 
E Gastonia sechellarum (Baker) Harms var. curiosae 

F. Friedmann 14981 
E 14981 Seychelles (granitic) 14981 

E Megalopanax rex Ekman 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba 5607 
I Merrilliopanax cordifolia Sastry 

I India ■ Arunachal Pradesh (Subansiri) 

V Meryta angustifolia (Endl.) Seemann ;9;o8 

V 11649 Australia - Norfolk Is. 14288 
I Meryta brachypoda Harms ;o;69 

E ;9;85 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. /0;69 
E 79/85 Pitcaim (Henderson Is.) 70769 

V Meryta choristantha Harms 20845 

V 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 

20845 

I Meryta drakeana Nadeaud 20845 

1 208« French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
20845 

R Meryta lanceolata J.G.Forster 20845 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Moorea. 
Tahiti) 208« 

E Meryta latifolia (Endl.) Seemann 77649 

E 11649 Australia - Norfolk Is. 11649 

V Meryta lucida J.Moore 208« 

V 20845 French Polynesia ■ Society Is. (Raiatea) 

20845 

R Meryta malietoa P. Cox 7925 

R Western Samoa (Savaii) 7925 

I Meryta mauruensis Nadeaud 20845 



I 



20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
20845 



I Meryta raiateensis J.Moore 20845 

1 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. 20845 

E Meryta salicifolia J.Moore 2084j 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 

20845 

R Meryta sinclairii 19305 

R ;9J05 New Zealand - North Is. 79J05 

V Meryta SOnchifolia Linden & Andre 2089J 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20893 

E Munroidendron racemosum (Forbes) Sherff 20850. 21349 

E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 

V Myodocarpus angustialatus l^wry ined. 20S93 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20893 

I Oreopanax dussii Krug & Urban ex Duss 10200 

I Dominica 'only from high peaks) 10200 

1 Guadeloupe (only from high peaks) 70200 

E 79007 Maninique (Mome Piquet, Piton Dumanue, Pilon 
Boucher) 79007 

R Oreopanax lempiranus Hazlett 9098 

R 9730 Honduras 9098 

V Oreopanax nicaraguensis M. J. Cannon & J. F. M. 

Cannon 20883 
I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 
I 20883 Nicaragua 20883 

I 20883 Panama 2088i 

E Osmoxylon mariannense (Kaneh.) Fosb. & Sachet 20878 

E 20825 North Mariana Is. (Rota) 20825 

E Panax vietnamensis Ha & Gmshv. 6057 

E 20985 Vietnam 6057 

E Panax zingiberensis c.Y. Wu & k.m. Feng 77677 

E 776/7 China - Yunnan 777J9 
R Pentapanax castanopsisicola Hayata 20577 

R 20854 Taiwan 20577 
R Pentapanax warmingianus (Marchal) Harms 20883. 20311 

I 2088J Argentina 20883 

I 20SS3 Brazil 20S8J 

? Brazil - Rio Grande do Sul 20J77 

R 20883 Paraguay 20883 

E Polyscias aemiliguineae Bernard! 10082 

E 742J4 Reunion 10082 
R Polyscias bellendenkerensis (Bailey) Philipson 2068I 

R 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 
R Polyscias cissodendron (C. Moore & F. Muell.) Harms 

R 74225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 74225 

V Polyscias dichroostachya Baker 70082 

V 20777 Mauntius 10082 

R Polyscias farinosa (Del.) Harms 79704 

R 79704 Edliopia (Tigray Upland, Gonder. Shewa Upland. 
Kefa.) 79704 

E Polyscias gracilis Marais 70082 

E 2077/ Mauntius 70082 

R Polyscias kikuyuensis Summerh. 7959 

R 20057 Kenya (central) 7959 

V Polyscias mauritiana Marais 10082 

V 20777 Mauritius 10082 

E Polyscias neraudiana (Drake) R. Viguier 10082 

E 20777 Mauntius 10082 

V Polyscias nothisii Lowry ined. 20893 

V 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 



-59- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Araliaceae: Pofyscias 

V Polyscias paniculata (DC.) Baker icx>S2 

V 2077/ Mauntius I00S2 

E Polyscias rivalsii Bernard! /0082 

E 14234 Reunion I00S2 
I Polyscias stuhlmannii Harms var. inarticulata 

Teonant 19502 
I 5926 Tanzania (Wesi Usambara mts) 5926 
R Polyscias stuhlmannii Harms var. 

stuhlmannii 20057 
R 20057 Kenya (Taita hills) 20057 

R 20057 Tanzania (Usambara, Ukaguni & Uluguni Mnts.) 
17435 
I Polyscias tahitensis (Nadeaud) Harms 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia ■ Society Is. (Raiaiea, 
Tahiti) 20845 

R Polyscias willmottii (F.MueU.) PhUipson 206s; 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Pseudopanax gunnii (Hook.r.) K.Kocb 206S/ 

R 20681 Australia - Tasmania 20681 

V Pseudopanax scopoliae (Baillon) Philipson 20893 

V 2089J New Caledonia 2089J 

V Pseudosciadium balansae Baillon 2089J 

V 2089J New Caledonia 2089J 

R Reynoldsia sandwicensis Gray 20850. 14209 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
I Schefflera agamae Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altimde) 13833 

I Schefflera albido-bracteata Elm. /j8jj 

I 13833 Philippines (Palawan) }3833 

V Schefflera apioidea Baillon 2089J 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20S9J 

I Schefflera bourdillonii Gambie 21173 

I India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) 

R Schefflera brenesii A.C. Sm. 20883 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 

V 20SS3 Panama 20885 

R Schefflera chapana Harms 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

I Schefflera curranii Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (Palawan) 13833 
E Schefflera epiphytica a.c. Sm. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
I Schefflera foxworthyi Merr. 13833 

I /i8JJ Philippines (low and medium altitudes) 
/J8JJ 

E Schefflera gleasonii (Britt. & Wilson) Alain 2088i 

I 20SS3 Pueno Rico 20883 

R Schefflera kontumensis Bui 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

I Schefflera lukwangulensis (Tenn.) Bemardi 79502 

1 5926 Tanzania (Uluguru. SouUiem Nguru & Usambara 
Mts) 2092/ 

E Schefflera musangensis M.R. Henderson 2//7J 

E Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Kelanlan. Selangor) 

I Schefflera palawanensis Merr. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altitude) 13833 
R Schefflera palmiformis Gmshv. & N. Skvortsova 6057 

R 15734 Viemam 6057 
E Schefflera procumbens (Hemsley) Frodin 14296 

E Seychelles (granitic) /42S'6 



R 



Schefflera steamii Howard & Proctor 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

Schefflera stolzii Harms /9502 
I 5926 Tanzania (Rungwe distnct) 5926 
Schefflera subracemosa (King) R. Viguier 21173 
E Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Perak) 

Schefflera troyana (Urb.) A.C.Sm. 2088J, /9890 

R /9890 Jamaica (Clarendon. Peckham woods) 
20883 

Schefflera urbaniana (Marchal) Frodin /900/ 

R 19001 Martinique (Pitons du Carbet) /900/ 

Schefflera veillonorum Bemardi 2//7J. 2089J 

R 20S93 New Caledonia 20S95 

Sinopanax formosana (Hayata) Li 205// 

V 20854 Taiwan 20311 

Stilbocarpa lyallii J. Armstr. 86 

R 19305 New Zealand - Soudi Is. 19305 
Stilbocarpa robusta (Kirk) Cockayne 86 
R /9i05 New Zealand • Soutti Is. (Snares Island) 

/9J05 
Tetraplasandra gymnocarpa (Hbd.) Sherfr 20850. 21357 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii 20850 

Tetraplasandra gymnocarpa (HiUebrand) Sherff var. 
gymnocarpa 14209 

E 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Ko'olau Mts.) 
14209 



Aristolochiaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical to warm temperate. 



8-10 
600 
35 (5%) 



I Apama barberi Gamble 

1 India - Tamil Nadu 

R Aristolochia bodamae Dingier 20/7/ 

R Greece 

I Aristolochia brevilabris Bomm. 12840 

I 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Aristolochia cilicica Davis & Kban 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /28-I0 
R Aristolochia cucurbitifolia Hayata 205// 

R 205// Taiwan 205// 
I Aristolochia helix Phuphat 19120 

1 19120 Thailand (Khao Phangnga. Khao Khanap Nam) 
/ 92 77 

R Aristolochia kankauensis Sasaki 205// 

R 205 1 1 Taiwan 205// 
R Aristolochia kaoi Liu & Lai 205// 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
R Aristolochia krausei Davis 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Aristolochia lycica Davis & Khan 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
E Aristolochia pfeiferi Barringer 20S83. 9105 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Aristolochia poluninii Davis & Kban i2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Aristolochia rechingeriana Kit Tan & Sorger 12140 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 



-60- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Aristolochiaceae: Aristolochia 

E Aristolochia samsunensis Davis ns-io 

E 12S40 Turkey 12840 
R Aristolochia sicula Tineo 20/7; 

R I9I64 Ilaly - Sicily (central and nolheastem part) 
19164 

R Aristolochia stenosiphon Davis & Khan 12S40 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Aristolochia tyrrhena E.Nardi & Amgoni 20/7^ 

V 20S2S France • Corsica 20S2S 
R 2080S Italy - Sardinia 20S28 

R Aristolochia weberbaueri O.C. Schmidt ;«200 

R (2464 Peru 18200 

R Asarum caudatum Lindl. var. viridiflorum M.E. 

Peck 20850 
R 20W0 US, - Oregon 20850 

I Asarum epigynum Hayata 20511 

I 205/; Taiwan 205// 

R Asarum hypogynum Hayata 205;/ 

R 205// Taiwan 205// 

R Heterotropa kurosawae (Sugim.) F. Maek. /0572 

R 70572 Japan /0572 

E Heterotropa minamitaniana (Hatus.) F. Maek. /0572 

E ;0572 Japan /0572 

R Heterotropa nomadakensis (Hatus.) F. Maek. ;0572 

R ;0572 Japan /0572 
R Heterotropa savatieri (Franchet) F. Maek. ;0572 

R ;0572 Japan ;0572 

R Heterotropa stellata F. Maek. ;o572 

R ;0572 Japan 70572 

R Heterotropa trigyna (Araki) F. Maek. ;0572 

R 70572 Japan 70572 

R Hexastylis contracta Blomquist 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Kennjcky 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
R 20850 U.S. ■ Tennessee 20850 

R Hexastylis naniflora Blomquist 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nordi Carolina 20850 

V 20850 US - South Carolina 20850 

V Hexastylis rhombiformis Gaddy 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

R Hexastylis shuttleworthii Gaddy var. harperi 

Gaddy 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

V Hexastylis speciosa Harper 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

E Pararistolochia talbotii (S. Moore) Keay 7926 

E Nigeria 7926 

E Pararistolochia tenuicauda (S. Moore) Keay 7926 

E Nigeria (Oban) 7926 

V Thottea barberi (Gamble) Ding Hou isssi 

V 13883 India ■ Tamil Nadu (Tirunelveli) 75885 

Asclepiadaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species; 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical and subtropical, especially Afirica, with relatively 
few species in temperate regions. 



250-315 
2,000 

420 (21%) 



Amblystigma cionophorus (Griseb.) Foum. 76Ji6 



R 76556 Argentina 16336 

R 20776 Argentina - Jujuy 20776 

R 207 76 Argentina • Tucuman 20776 

E Aphanostelma tubatum Matae 76ij6 

E 207 76 Argentina - Tucuman 207 76 

I Asclepias atroviolacea Woodson 14294 

I 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

Ex Asclepias bicuspis N.E.Br. 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

I Asclepias compressidens (N.E.Br.) Nicholas 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Asclepias concinna (Schltr.) Schltr. 20604 

E 20604 Soudi Africa - Cape Province 20604 
E 20604 Soudi Africa ■ Natal 20604 

I Asclepias cooperi N.E.Br. 20604 

1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Asclepias cultriformis Harv. ex Schltr. 20604 

R 20604 Swaziland 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

R Asclepias curtissii Gray 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • Flonda 20850 

R Asclepias cutleri Woods. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20S50 

V Asclepias disparilis N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 Soudi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 SouUi Africa - Natal 20604 

I Asclepias dissona N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

I Asclepias expansa (E.Mey.) Schltr. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

R Asclepias fallax (Scbkr.)Scbiir. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

V Asclepias gordon-grayae Nicholas 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

V Asclepias labriformis M.E. Jones 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Asclepias lemmonii Gray 20«50 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V Asclepias meadii Torr. ex Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Illinois 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. ■ Indiana 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Iowa 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Kansas 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Missouri 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 

R Asclepias monticola N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Asclepias nana l.Verd. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

R Asclepias oreophila Nicholas 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

V Asclepias patens N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Asclepias peltigera (E.Mey.) ScbitT. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

I Asclepias praemorsa Schltr. 20604 



-61- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Asclepias 

V 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
I 20604 Soulh Afnca - Natal 20604 

E Asclepias proslrata Blackwell 20883. 208so. soss 

E 208S0 U.S. - Texas 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Asclepias rzedowskii w. D. Stevens 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

R Asclepias sanjuanensis Heil, J.M. Porter & 

Welsh 208SO 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E Asclepias schlechteri (K.Schum.) N.E.Br. 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Asclepias solanoana Woods. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Asclepias uncialis Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Asclepias uncialis Greene ssp. ruthiae (Maguire) 

Kartesz & Gandhi 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -Arizona 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Asclepias uncialis Greene ssp. 

uncialis 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Oklahoma 20850 

V Asclepias velutina (Schltr.) Schltr. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

V Asclepias viridula Chapman 20850 19734 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Georgia 20850 

E Asclepias welshii N.& P. Holmgren 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Arizona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah (Coorg, south Canara) 20850 

I Asclepias woodii (Schltr.) Schltr. 206O4, I8023 

I 200J9 Swaziland 200i9 
E 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Asclepias xysmalobioides Hilliard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 Lesotho 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

I Aspidoglossum delagoense (Schltr.) Kupicha 20604 

I 20604 Mozambique 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

E Aspidoglossum demissum Kupicha 20604 

E 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

I Aspidoglossum difficile HilUard 20604 

I 20604 South Africa ■ Natal 20604 

V Aspidoglossum flanaganii(Scmt.)K.\ifK\a 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Aspidoglossum uncinatum (N.E.Br ) Kupicha 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Aspidoglossum xanthosphaerum Milliard 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 2U604 

R Aspidonepsis cognata (N.E.Br.) Nicholas & 

Goyder 20604 



R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Orange Free State 20604 

R Aspidonepsis reenensis (N.E.Br.) Nicholas & 

Goyder 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Orange Free State 20604 
R 20604 South Africa • Transvaal 20604 

V Aspidonepsis shebae Nicholas & Goyder 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

I Bidaria cuspidata (Thunb.) H. Huber S02; 

I ;6;62 Sn Lanka (Lankagama. Sinharaja) 8021 

R Brachystelma asmarensis Chiov. 60S7 

R 6087 Ethiopia 6087 

I Brachystelma australe R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

I Brachystelma boumea Gamble 

1 India - Tamil Nadu (Madurai) 

I Brachystelma caffrum (Schltr.) N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Brachystelma campanulatum N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Brachystelma cathcartense R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Brachystelma comptum N.E.Br. 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Brachystelma constrictum J. Hall 6072 

R Chad (Bediol) 

E 6072 Ghana 6072 

I Brachystelma delicatum R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Brachystelma dimorphum R.A.Dyer ssp. 

dimorphum 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Orange Free State 20604 

I Brachystelma dimorphum R.A.Dyer ssp. gratum 

R.A.Dyer 20604 
I 20604 South Afnca - Orange Free State 20604 

R Brachystelma discoideum R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 Zimbabwe 20604 

I 20604 Botswana 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

I Brachystelma franksiaefi.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

I Brachystelma glenense R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Orange Free State 20604 
R Brachystelma gracillimum R.A.Dyer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 
I Brachystelma incanum R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
E Brachystelma keniense Schweinf. 6073 

E 607J Kenya 607J 

I Brachystelma lankana Dassan. & Jayas. 8021 

I ;6;62 Sri Lanka (Dikpatana, Matale) 802/ 

I Brachystelma linearis A. Rich. 6os7 

I 6087 Ethiopia 60S7 

R Brachystelma longifolium (Schltr.) N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
R Brachystelma meyerianum Schltr. 20604 



-62- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Brachystelma 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Brachystelma micranthum E.Mey. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Brachystelma minimum R.A.Dyer 20604 

R 2060^ South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

R Brachystelma minor E.x.Bnxce 20604. 17458 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

I Brachystelma montanum R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

E Brachystelma natalense (Schltr.) N.E.Br. 206o.» 

E 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

E Brachystelma ngomense R.A.Dyer 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

Ex Brachystelma occidentale Schltr. 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Brachystelma parvulum R.A.Dyer 20604. 1745s 

I 20604 South Afnca ■ Transvaal 20604 

R Brachystelma perditum R.A.Dyer 20604 

R 20604 Lesotho 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca ■ Natal 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Orange Free State 20604 

R Brachystelma petraeum R.A.Dyer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
R Brachystelma pilosum R.A.Dyer 20604 

R 20604 Zimbabwe 206O4 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

I Brachystelma schoenlandianum Schltr. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Brachystelma tabularium R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

V Brachystelma tenellum R.A.Dyer 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

I Brachystelma tenue R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Brachystelma vahrmeijeri R.A.Dyer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

Ex Caralluma arenicola n.e. Brown 6;so 

Ex 6180 South Afnca - Cape Province 6IS0 

V Caralluma aucheriana (Decne) N.E. Br. 20146 

V 20/46 Oman (northern) 20;46 

V Caralluma burchardii N.E. Brown I789i 

V I5I0S Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

I Caralluma diffusa (Wight) N.E. Br. 

1 India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Coimbatore Hills) 

E Caralluma distincta E.A. Bruce 

E Kenya 

E Tanzania 

V Caralluma dodsoniana Lavr. 20/46 

E 20/46 Oman 20/46 

V 20/46 Yemen, Democratic 20/46 

V 20146 Somalia 20/46 

V Caralluma hexagona Lavranos 20/46 

E 20146 Oman (foothills of Jabal al Samhan) 
20/46 

V 20/46 Saudi Arabia 20/46 

V 20/46 Yemen. Democratic (southeast) 20/46 

I Caralluma joannis Maire 

I Morocco 

R Caralluma sacculata N.E. Br. 6087 



R 

E 
V 

E // 

R // 

R // 

R // 

R // 

E ;/ 

I // 

V // 

Ex // 

R // 

E // 

R // 

R // 

I // 

E /; 

R /; 

I // 

E ;/ 



R 60S7 Ethiopia 60«7 
Caralluma sinaica (Decne.) A. Berger 
E Egypt 

R Israel 

I Jordan 

Caralluma tubiformis E.A. Bruce & Bally 

E Kenya 

Caralluma venenosa Maire W4ss 

V 14958 Algena 10488 

Ceropegia achtenii De wad. ssp. togoensis H. 

Huber 7926 
E 6072 Ghana 7926 
Ceropegia affinis Vatke 20202 

R 20211 Ethiopia 20202 
R 202// Somalia 20202 

Ceropegia albisepta Jum. & H. Perrier var. 

albisepta ios68 
R 20211 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 
Ceropegia albisepta Jum. & H. Perrier var. bruceana 

H. Huber 20064 
R 20211 Kenya 20202 
R 20211 Tanzania 20202 
R 20211 Uganda 20202 

Ceropegia albisepta Jum. & H. Perrier var. 
robynsiana (Werdermaim) H. Huber 20064 
R 202;/ Zaire 20228 

Ceropegia ampliata E. Meyer ssp. madagascariensis 

Lavranos 20273 
E 202// Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 

Ceropegia ampliata E. Meyer ssp. oxyloba H. 

Huber 20206 
I J926 Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) 5926 
Ceropegia angustifolia Wight 13883 

V 13883 Bangladesh 13883 

V 13883 India - Meghalaya 13883 

V 13883 Nepal 13883 

Ceropegia antennifera Schltr. 20604. 20207 
Ex 20604 South Africa - Naial 20604 
Ceropegia aridicola w.W. Smith 10260 
R 202// China 

Ceropegia armandii Rauh 202/j 
E 202// Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 

Ceropegia attenuata Hook. //494 

R 202// India - Kamataka II494 
R 20211 India - Maharashtra (Thane; Raigadh; Pune 
Dist) 11494 

Ceropegia ballyana Bullock 20206 

R 2027J Kenya 20206 

Ceropegia barbata R.A.Dyer 20604 20064 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Ceropegia bamesii Bruce & Chatterjee 11494 
E 20211 India - Kamataka (South Canara) 11494 
E 202// India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 
11494 

Ceropegia beddomei Hook.f. 11494 

R 20211 India - Kerala (Trivandnim; Ponmudi; Idukki) 
11494 

Ceropegia bhutanica Hara 20064 
I 202// Bhutan 202// 

Ceropegia bosseri Rauh & Buchloh 20213 

E 202// Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 



-63- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Ceropegia 

R ;; Ceropegia botrys K. Schum. 202/2 
R 202;/ Saudi Arabia 202/2 
R 202}l Yemen 20212 
R 20211 Somalia 202/2 

R ;/ Ceropegia brevirostris Bally & Field 20064 

R 20211 Tanzania 19976 

V // Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. 20202 

V 2027J Oman (soulhwesl) 20202 

V 2027J Yemen 20202 

V 2027J India (Punjab. West Peninsula) S754 

V 2027J India - Ultar Pradesh 8754 
E 2027J Pakistan (Punjab) S754 

V 20273 Ethiopia 20202 

V 202 7J Somalia 20202 

R /; Ceropegia cancellata Rchb. 20604. 20207 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (including 
Transkei) 20604 

I // Ceropegia candelabrum L. var. biflora (L.) M. 
Ansari 20064 
I /6/62 Sn Lanka /6/62 

E /; Ceropegia ceratophora Svent. 15105 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 
R // Ceropegia chipiaensis Stopp 20064 

R 20211 Angola 20206 

I // Ceropegia chrysochroma Huber 20064 

I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
E // Ceropegia cycniflora R.A.Dyer 20604. 20064 

E 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
I // Ceropegia decaisneana Wight var. brevicollis 
(Hook.f.) H. Huber 20064 

1 India - Kerala 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

R // Ceropegia decidua E.A. Bruce ssp. pretoriensis 

R.A. Dyer 202/1 
R 202// South Africa - Transvaal 20207 
R // Ceropegia deightonii Hutch. & Dalz. ssp. 

deightonii W260 
R 202// Ghana 7855 
R 202// Nigeria 7855 

R // Ceropegia dichotoma Haw. ssp. 
dichotoma isios 

R /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
R // Ceropegia dimorpha Humbert 20213 

R 202 1 1 Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 2057S 

E // Ceropegia dinteri Schlechter 20207 

E 202// Namibia 20207 
R // Ceropegia dorjei C.E.C. Fischer 20211 
R 202// Bhutan 

I // Ceropegia elegans WalUch var. gardneri (Thwaites) 
H. Huber 802/ 

I /6/62 Sn Lanka S02I 
E // Ceropegia evansii McCann 11494 

E 202// India ■ Maharashtra (Khandala. Pune) 
//494 

E // Ceropegia fantastica Sedgw. 11494 

E 202// India - Goa. Daman & Diu //494 
E 202// India • Kamataka (Sulgen. North Kanara) 
//494 

R // Ceropegia filiformis (Barch.)SMtr. 20604. 1026O 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Orange Free State 20604 
R // Ceropegia fimbriata E. Mey. ssp. 



R 


// 


R 


// 


R 


// 


E 


// 


E 


// 



fimbriata 1026O 
R 202// South Africa - Cape Province 20207 
R // Ceropegia fimbriifera Beddome //494 
R 20211 India - Kamataka 11494 
R 20211 India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) /0/78 
R 20211 India • Tamil Nadu 11494 

R ;/ Ceropegia floribundaN.E.Br. 1026O 
R 20211 Botswana 20207 
R 20211 Namibia 20207 

Ceropegia fusca BoUe isios 

R I5I0S Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

Ceropegia hians Svent. var. hians 20064 
R I5}05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
Ceropegia hians Svent. var. striata 

Sventenius 20064 
R 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 

Ceropegia hofstaetteri Rauh 20213 
E 202// Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 
Ceropegia hookeri Clarke ex Hook. f. var. 

hookeri 10260 
E /i8SJ China - Xizang Zizhiqu 13S83 
E I3S83 India ■ Sikkim /J88J 
E /i88J Nepal /J88J 

E // Ceropegia huberi Ansari 11494 

E 20211 India - Maharashtra (Varadha Ghat; Susale Island; Amba 
Ghat) 20266 

Ceropegia humbertii H. Huber 202/j 
R 20211 Madagascar (Antsiranana) 20578 
Ceropegia intermedia Wight, var. wightii 

Hook.f. ;02<0 
1 India - Tamil Nadu 

Ceropegia jainii Ansari & Kulk. I05II 
R 20211 India - Maharashtra /05// 
Ceropegia kachinensis Prain 20211 

R 20211 Myanmar 

Ceropegia krainzii Svent. /5/05 

V /5/05 Spain ■ Canary Is. /5/05 

Ceropegia kundelunguensis F. Malaisse 20064 

R 202// Zaire 2022S 

Ceropegia langkawiensis Rintz W260 

R 20211 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 
Ceropegia lawii Hook.f. 11494 

E 20211 India - Maharashtra (Konkan. 
Harishchandragad) 11494 

Ceropegia leroyi Rauh & Mam.-Lap. 202/j 

E 20211 Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 

Ceropegia lindenii Lavranos 20064 
R 20211 Somalia 20064 
Ceropegia maccannii Ansari 10512 

R 20211 India - Maharashtra /05;2 
Ceropegia maculata Bedd. 13883 
Ex/E 13881 India ■ Kerala 13883 
Ex/E 13883 India - Tamil Nadu 13883 
Ex/E 13S83 Sri Lanka 13883 

R // Ceropegia madagascariensis Decne. 20213 

R 20211 Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 
R // Ceropegia mafekingensis (N.E.Br.) R.A.Dyer 2O6O4. 

20064 

R 20211 Namibia - Caprivi Strip 20276 

R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

R 202// South Afnca - Natal 20207 



R 


// 


I 


// 


R 


// 


R 


;/ 


V 


// 


R 


// 


R 


// 


E 


// 


E 


// 


R 


// 


R 


// 


Ex/E/; 



-64- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Ceropegia 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 
E ;/ Ceropegia mahabalei Hem. & Ans. 20064 
E 202;; India • Maharashtra nsS3 

11 Ceropegia maiuscula Huber 20064 

R 20211 Tanzania 20206 

;; Ceropegia mayottae H. Huber 20064 

E 20211 Comoros 202;2 

;; Ceropegia media (Huber) m.y. Ansari 20O6.< 

R 20211 India - Maharashtra 20204 
II Ceropegia muzingana F. Malaisse 2006.< 

R 202;; Zaire 20228 

II Ceropegia ngoyana F. Malaisse 20064 

R 202;; Zaire 2022S 

/; Ceropegia noorjahaniae Ansari 2006.; 

R 202;; India I3SS3 

R 20211 India • Maharashtra (Panchgani Ghat, Satara 
Dismct) ;J88J 

;; Ceropegia nuda Hutch. & Bruce 202;2 

R 202;; Somalia 202;2 

;; Ceropegia occidentalis R.A.Dyer 2060.*. 20064 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

II Ceropegia oculata Hook. var. occulta 20064 

R 11494 India - Maharashtra {Pune; Ramagiri; Raigad) 
11494 

II Ceropegia odorataNimmo ex Hook.t. loni 
E 20211 India - Gujarat (Pavagadh Hill) 11494 
E 202;; India ■ Maharashtra (Melghat) 11494 
E 20211 India - Rajasthan (Mt Abu) 11494 

II Ceropegia omissa Huber 11494 

E 20211 India - Tamil Nadu (Sengalteri. Tirunelvelly) 
11494 

II Ceropegia panchganiensis Blatter & McCann ;0506 
E 202II India - Maharashtra (Panchgani; Lingmala) 
;oj06 

;; Ceropegia paricymaN.E.BTo-wn 20207 

R 20211 Malawi 7855 

R 202;; Mozambique 7855 

R 202;; Tanzania 20228 

R 202;; Zambia 2022S 

R 20211 Zimbabwe 7855 

R 20211 Namibia • Caprivi Strip 20207 

;; Ceropegia parviflora Trimen 8021 

I 20211 Sn Lanka (Anuradhapura) 8021 

II Ceropegia petignatii Rauh 202/j 

E 202;; Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 

;; Ceropegia praetermissa Raynal & A. Raynal 8003 

R Senegal 8003 

II Ceropegia purpurascens K. Sebum, ssp. thysanotos 

(Wederm.) Huber 20064 
I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
;; Ceropegia pusilla Wight & Am. 11494 
R 20211 India - Kainataka (Mysore District) 

11494 
R 202;; India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

II Ceropegia racemosa N.E. Br. ssp. glabra H. 

Huber 20213 
I Madagascar (centre & north) 20213 

II Ceropegia racemosa N.E. Br. ssp. 
racemosa ;oj68 
I Madagascar 

;; Ceropegia radicans Schltr. ssp. 
radicans 20211. 20604 



R 


;; 


R 


;; 


R 


;; 


E 


;; 


I 


;; 



R 202;; South Africa - Cape Province (east & 
Transkei) 20207 

E ;; Ceropegia razafindratsirana (Rauh & Buchloh) 

Rauh 202;j 

E 202/; Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 
R ;; Ceropegia rollae Hemadri 202;; 

R 202;; India - Maharashtra I3SS3 
V ;; Ceropegia rudatisii Schltr. 20604. 20207 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal (coastal) 20604 

I ;; Ceropegia rupicola Defl. var. stictantha n.p. 
Taylor 2006< 
I 20212 Yemen 202/2 
E ;; Ceropegia sahyadrica Ansari & Kulk. 20211 

E 202;; India - Maharashtra (Pune & Sindhudurg 
Distnct) 11494 

R ;; Ceropegia santapaui Wadh. & Am. 20064 

R 20211 India - Mahaiashlra (Pune; Satara; Ratnagiri) 

;ii8i 

Ceropegia saxatilis Jumelle & H. Perrier 202;j 
R 20211 Madagascar (Mahajunga) 20578 

Ceropegia SCabra Jumelle & H.Perrier 202;j 
R 20211 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 

Ceropegia scabriflora N.E.Br. 20604. 20207 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
R 20211 South Africa - Transvaal 20207 

Ceropegia simoneae Rauh 20578 
E 20211 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 
Ceropegia sobolifera N.E. Br. var. nephroloba 

Huber 20064 
I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
R ;; Ceropegia spiralis wight 11494 

R 202;; India - Andhra Pradesh 11494 

R 20211 India - Kamataka 11494 

R 20211 India ■ Kerala ;;494 

R 20211 India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

R ;; Ceropegia stentiae E.A.Bruce 20604. 20202 
R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal (Pietersburg 
Plateau) 20604 

Ceropegia swaziorum D.v. Field 20064 

R 202;; Swaziland ;9976 
Ceropegia taprobanica H. Huber S021 

R 20211 Sri Lanka (Rangala, Kandy; GUimale) 
8021 

Ceropegia ugeni C.E.C. Fischer ;9976 

R 20211 Bhutan 7855 

Ceropegia verruculosa (R.A.Dyer) D.v.Field 20604, 

20064 
R 20604 Soudi Africa - Transvaal 20604 
E ;; Ceropegia vincaefolia Hook. 20206 

E 20211 India - Maharashtra (Thane; Pune; Satara) 
/9976 

R ;; Ceropegia viridis Cboux var. truncata (H. Huber) 
H. Huber 20213 

R 202;; Madagascar 20213 
R // Ceropegia viridis Cboux var. viridis 20213 
R 20211 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 

R Cryptolepis grayi P.Forster 20681 

R 2068; Australia - (Jueensland 2068) 
I Curroria macrophylla A.R. Smith 15534 

I ;55J4 Yemen ■ Socotra 15534 

R Cynanchum austrokiusianum Koidz. ;o57i 



R 


;; 


R 


;; 


R 


;; 


R 


// 



-65- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Cynanchum 

R 10571 Japan 10571 
R Cynanchum calcareum Ohashi 1057} 

R 10571 Japan 10571 
R Cynanchum chirindense S. Moore 7472 

R 6088 Zimbabwe 7872 
R Cynanchum christineae P.Forster 2068/ 

R 206SI Australia - Northern TeiTilory 20681 
R Cynanchum compactum Choux var. 

compactum 10168 

R 20578 Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 

V Cynanchum doianum Koidz. ;057J 

V ;057i Japan 1057} 

I Cynanchum ekmanii Alain 5607 

I 19105 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

E Cynanchum elegans (Benth.) Domin 2068; 

E 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 206«; 
R Cynanchum fawcettii (Schlir.)Si<:am 20ss} 

R 20881 Jamaica 2088] 

R Cynanchum filisepalum (Suniley)L.O.Wiihains 90}7 

R 9099 Costa Rica 90J7 

R Cynanchum harrisii (Schltr.) steam 208S1 

R 20881 Jamaica 20881 
R Cynanchum hartii (Schlechler) Proctor 2088J 

R 20881 Jamaica 2088} 

V Cynanchum infimicola L.O. Wms. 2088} 

V 20885 Panama 2088} 

I Cynanchum jamaicense (Griseb.) Woodson 2088I. iii]6 

I 11116 Jamaica 208SJ 

R Cynanchum katsi Ohwi 70575 

R 10571 Japan 10571 
R Cynanchum krameri (Franchet & Sav.) Matsnm. 10571 

R ;0575 Japan /057J 

R Cynanchum lanhsuense Yamazald 20511 

R 205/; Taiwan 205// 

R Cynanchum liebiana (F.MueU.) P.Forster 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Nonhem Temlory 2068/ 
R Cynanchum macrolobum Jum. & H. Perrier 10168 

R 20578 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 
R Cynanchum magdalenicum Dugand 2088J 



R 
V 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 



20881 Panama 2088} 
2088} Colombia 2088J 



Cynanchum mamieranum Rauh /0J68 
R 20578 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 
Cynanchum monense (Britt.) Alain 208S} 
I 2088} Puerto Rico (Mona) 2088} 

Cynanchum multinerve (Franchet & Sav.) Matsum. /057i 

V ;0575 Japan ;0575 

Cynanchum pachylobum Choux )056« 

R 20578 Madagascar (Tohara) 20578 
Cynanchum priorii (Rendle) steam 2088J. ;jjj6 

R ;JJ56 Jamaica 20885 

Cynanchum rauhianum Descoings 10168 

R 20578 Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 
Cynanchum rendlei Steam 20881 
R 2088} Jamaica 20881 

Cynanchum rossii Raidi /0568 

E 20578 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 
Cynanchum utahense (Engelm.) Woods. 20850 



E 20850 U.S. 

I 20850 U.S. 

I 20850 U.S. 

V 20850 U.S. 



Arizona 20850 
California 20850 
Nevada 20850 
Utah 20850 



I Cynanchum virens D.Dietr. 20604 

EA' 20604 Lesotho 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 South Africa • Orange Free State 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

R Cynanchum yamanakae Ohwi & Ohasi ;o575 

R 1057} Japan /057J 

V Cynanchum zeyheri Schltr. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Dischidia rafflesiana WalUch 

I India - Assam 

E Dischidia scortechinii King & Gamble 

E Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

E Dischidia tomentella Ridley 

E Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

R Dregea formosana Yamazald 20511 

R 205;; Taiwan 205/ / 
R Duvalia parviflora N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Duvaliandra dioscoridis (Lav.) Gilbert 15514 

E ;55J4 Yemen - Socoira ;55J4 
I Echidnopsis insularis Lavranos /55J4 

I 155}4 Yemen - Socotra 15514 

V Echidnopsis scutellata (defl. A. Berger ssp. 

dhofarensis Bmyns 2o;46 

V 20/46 Oman (Dhofar) 20/46 

R Emplectanthus cordatus N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Emplectanthus gerrardii N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 SouUi Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Fanninia caloglossa Harv. 20604 

R 206O4 South Afnca - Cape Province 206O4 
R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

E II Frerea indica Dalz. //494 

E //494 India - Maharashtra (Junnar & Puiandhar 
hills). //494 

R Gongylosperma lanuginosum Ridley 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi, Kedah) 

V Gonolobus allenii Woods. 2088I. 9006 

V 20885 Panama 20881 

E Gonolobus chiriquensis (Woods.) Woods. 20881. 9006 

1 2088} Panama 2088} 

E Gonolobus fuscoviolaceus Woods. 20881. 9006 

I 20881 Panama 20881 

R Gonolobus inaequalis L.O. Wms. 20881 

V 2088} Panama 2088} 

I 2088} Colombia 20881 

R Gonolobus jamaicensis Rendle 2088]. line 

R 11116 Jamaica 20881 
E Gonolobus lewisii L.O. Wms. 20S8} 

I 20881 Panama 20885 

E Gonolobus ophioglossa Woods. 20885. 9006 

1 20881 Panama 20881 

I Gonolobus pubescens Griseb. 2088]. i]}}6 

I /J556 Jamaica 20881 
R Gonolobus rhamnifolius Griseb. 2088I. 11116 



-66- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Gonolobus 

R n336 Jamaica lOSSl 

V Gonolobus stapelioides Desv. zosss. !9S90 

R I9S90 Jamaica 20SSS 

V Gonolobus stellatus Griseb. 20M3 

V 208S3 Jamaica 20883 

V Gymnema brevifolium Benih. 206S1 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20681 

I Gymnema elegans Wight & Arn. 

1 India - Tamil Nadu 

R Gymnema khandalense Santapao i47S2 

R 14782 India • Maharashtra 14782 

R Gymnema muelleri Benth. 206«; 

R 206«; Australia - Northern Territory 2068/ 
I Gymnema rotundatum Thwaites 8021 

I 16162 Sri Lanka (Nalanda; Hanguranketha) 8021 

R Heterostemma brownii Hayata 20SI1 

R 205;; Taiwan 20SII 
R Hoodia dregei N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Hoodia officinalis (N.E.Br.) Rowes ssp. delaetiana 

(Dinter) Bruyns 2060-) 
R 20604 Namibia 20604 
R Hoodia pilifera (L.f.) Plowes ssp. annulate 

(N.E.Br.) Bruyns 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 206O4 

R Hoodia pilifera (L.f.) Plowes ssp. 

pilifera 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Hoodia pilifera (L.f.) Plowes ssp. pillansii 

(N.E.Br.) Bruyns 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Hoya lobii Hook.f. 

I India - Meghalaya 

R Hoya macgillivrayi Bailey 206«; 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Hoya parasitica Wall, ex Traill 20099. 1026O 

R 20099 Singapore 20099 

I Huemia boleana M. Gilbert 6087 

I 6087 Ethiopia 6087 

I Huemia echidnopsioides (L.c.Leach) L.C.Leach 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Huemia hislopii Turrill ssp. robusta Leach & 

Plowes 7889 
R Zimbabwe 7889 

R Huemia humilis (Masson) Haw. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Huemia hystrix (Hook.f.) N.E.Br, var. parvula 

L.C.Leach 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

V Huemia kennedyana Lavranos 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Huemia longii PUlans 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Huemia longituba N.E. Br. ssp. cashelensis Leach 

& Plowes 7889 
I Zimbabwe 7889 

E Huemia nouhuysii LVerd. 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 



I Huemia occulta Leach & Plowes 7889 

I Zimbabwe 7889 

I Huemia pendula e.a. Bruce 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Huemia praestans N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

Ex Huemia thudichumii L.C.Leach 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Huemia witzenbergensis c.A.Luckh. 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

E Jacaima costata (Urb.) Rendle 20883 

I 20883 Jamaica 20883 

V Jacaima costata (Urb.) Rendle var. 

costata 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica (St. Andrew, St. Catherine) 

208S3 

E Jacaima costata (Urb.) Rendle var. goodfriendii 

Proctor 20883. 13336 
E /9890 Jamaica 20883 
E Jacaima parvifolia Proctor 20883. 13336 

E /9890 Jamaica (Clarendon) 20883 

E Karimbolea verrucosa Descoings 10368 

E 20578 Madagascar (Toliara) 20S7S 
Ex Marsdenia araujacea F.Muell. 2068/ 

Ex 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Marsdenia balansae Baillon 

R New Caledonia 

V Marsdenia coronata Benth. 2068/, /422J 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

I Marsdenia dusii Schltr. 10200 

I Dominica 10200 

I Maninique 10200 

V Marsdenia elliptica Dene. 20SS3 

1 20883 Pueno Rico 20883 

R Marsdenia hemiptera Rchb. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Northern Temtory 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Marsdenia liisae J.WiUiams 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia ■ New South Wales 2068/ 

R Marsdenia longiloba Bentb. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Marsdenia macfadyenii Rendle 208S3 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
E Marsdenia margaritaria Foster 20883. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 20883 

E Marsdenia panamensis SpeUman 2088J, 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Marsdenia raziana Yog. et Subr. I3S83 

R /J88J India • Kamataka (Chikmagalur dist.) 
13883 

V Marsdenia troyana Urb. 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

Ex Marsdenia tubulosa F. Muell. 151 12 

Ex 15112 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 15112 
E Matelea acuminata (Griseb.) Woods. 

E 19105 Cuba 19105 

V Matelea alabamensis fVail) Woods. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 



-67- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Malelea 

E 20SS0 U.S. - Flonda 208S0 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20450 

Ex/E Matelea balbisii (Dene.) Woods. 20S5O 14662 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Anzona 20S50 

V Matelea baldwyniana (Sweet) Woods. 2ogso 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20SS0 

I 208S0 U.S. • Arkansas 20850 

E 208S0 U.S. - Florida 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Missouri 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 
R Matelea brevicoronata (B.L. Robins.) Woods. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

I Matelea correllii Spellman 

I 17672 Bahamas 17672 

R Matelea decumbens w. D. Stevens 20883. 9uo 

I 2088J Mexico 20883 

R Matelea edwardsensis Correll 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Afa/e/ea/tovidu/a (Chapman) Woods. 20850 

I 20SS0 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Flonda 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Mississippi 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Tennessee 20850 

V Matelea floridana lyaU) Woods. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Georgia 20850 

E Matelea grisebachiana (Schltr.) 

E ;9;o5 Cuba ;9/05 
E Matelea panamensis Spellman & Dwyer 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
E Matelea pittieri (Standi.) Woods. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20S8J 

E Matelea radiata CorreU 20850 14662 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

E Matelea texensis Correll 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 
E Matelea tigrina (Griseb.) Woods. 

E ;9;05 Cuba ;9/05 
E Matelea tristis (Seem.) Spellman 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 
I Miraglossum davyi (N.E.Br.) Kupicha 206O4 

I 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
I Miraglossum pilosum (Schllr.) Kupicha 2060.* 

I 2060.< South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

1 20604 South Africa - Natal 2060J 

E Mitolepis arbuscula a.r. Smith 15534 

E 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

R Mitolepis intricata Half. f. 15534 

R 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

R Mitostigma caudatum Malme 16336 

R 20176 Argentina - Tucuman 20;7iS 
R Mitostigma mitophorus (Griseb.) Meyer 16336 

R 20; 76 Argentina • Tucuman (Valle de Taff) 
20/76 

R Mitostigma tucumanense Meyer 16336 

R 20/76 Argentina - Tucuman 20/76 
R Notechidnopsis columnaris (Nel) Lavranos & 



Bleck 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Oianthus beddomei Hook.f. 

I India - Kamataka 

I India - Kerala (Wynaad) 

Ex/E Oianthus deccanensis w.a. Talbot 11494 

Ex/E }I494 India - Maharashtra II494 

I Oianthus disciflorus Hook.f. ;/70 

I India - Andhia Pradesh (Kumool) 1170 

I India - Kamataka (North Canaia) //70 

I Orbea macloughlinii (l.Verd.) L.C.Leach 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Or6fapu/cAe//a (Masson) L.C.Leach 2060.< 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Orbea speciosa L.C.Leach 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Orbea umbracula (M.D. Hendei^on) Leach 7749 

R Zimbabwe 7749 

R Orbea woodii (N.E.Br.) L.C.Leach 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

V Orbeanthus conjunctus (A.C.White & B.Sloane) 

L.C.Leach 20604 

V 2060'> South Afnca ■ T-ansvaal 20604 

R Orbeanthus gerstneri (Leity) Leach ssp. elongata 

(R.A. Dyer) Leach 20803 

R South Africa - Transvaal 

R Orbeanthus gerstneri (Letty) Leach ssp. 

gerstneri 20803 
R South Afnca - Natal 

V Orbeanthus hardyi (R.A.Dyer) L.C.Leach 20604 

V 20604 Soudi Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

R Orbeanthus paradoxa (Verdoom) Leach 208OJ 

R South Afnca - Natal 

R South Afnca - Transvaal 

R Orbeopsis gerstneri (Leity) L.C.Leach ssp. elongata 

(R.A.Dyer) L.C.Leach 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 
I Pachycarpus graminifolius Wild 7754 

1 Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7754 

R Pachycarpus lebomboensis D.M.N.Sm. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

I Pachycarpus mackenii (Harv.) N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

V Pachycarpus rostratus N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

E Pachycarpus stelliceps N.E.Br. 20604. 20039 

E 20604 Swaziland 20604 

I Pachycarpus stenoglossus (E.Mey.) N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 206O4 

R Pachycarpus suaveolens (Schltr.) Nicholas & 

Goyder 20604 
R 206O4 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

R Pachycymbium lancasteri Lavranos 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

V Pachycymbium luntii (N.E. Br.) Gilbert 20146 
E 20/46 Oman(Dhofar) 20/46 

V 20/46 Yemen, Democratic 20146 

R Pectinaria articulata (Aiion) Haw. ssp. 

articulata 20604 



■^%- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Asclepiadaceae: Pectinaria 

R 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 

R Pectinaria articulata (Aiton) Haw. ssp. borealis 

Bruyns 20604 
R 20604 South Afiica - Cape Province 20604 
R Pectinaria longipes (N.E.Br.) Bruyns 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 

E Philibertia campanulata (LindJ.) Nichols. 20/76 

E 20176 Argentina - Catamarca 20176 

E 20176 Argentina - Jujuy 20/76 

E 20/76 Argentina - La Rioja 20/76 

E 20/76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 

E 20/76 Argentina - Santiago del Estero 20/76 

R Piaranthus barrydalensis Meve 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Quaqua armata (N.E.Br.) Bruyns ssp. arenicola 

(N.E.Br.) Bruyns 2060.» 
E 2060'> South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Quaqua armata (N.E.Br.) Bruyns ssp. maritima 

Bruyns 20604 
R 20604 Soudi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R gua^ua/rameill (Pillans) Bruyns 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 
R Quaqua inversa (N.E.Br.) Bruyns var. cincta 

(C.A.Luckh.) Bruyns 20803 
R 20803 South Afnca - Cape Province 20803 
R Quaqua inversa (N.E.Br.) Bruyns var. 

inversa 20S03 

R 20803 South Africa - Cape Province 20803 
R Quaqua linearis (N.E.Br.) Bruyns 20803 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Quaqua multiflora (R.A.Dyer) Bruyns 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Quaqua parviflora (Masson) Bruyns ssp. bayeriana 

Bruyns 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Quaqua pruinosa (Masson) Bruyns 2080J 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Raphionacme arabica a.g. Miller & J.A. Biagi 20/46 

E 20146 Oman (Dhofar) 20146 

V 20146 Yemen. Democratic 20/46 

I Raphionacme elsana Venter & R.L.Verh. 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca • Natal 20604 

R Raphionacme lobulata Venter & R.L.Verh. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa ■ Cape Province 20604 

E Rhytidocaulon fulleri Lavranos & Monimer 20146 

E 20/46 Oman (Dhofar) 20/46 

I Rhytidocaulon paradoxum Bally 60S7 

I 60«7 Ethiopia 60«7 

I Riocreuxia alexandrina (H.Huber) R.A.Dyer 20604. 

20207 
I 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
I Riocreuxia bolusii N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Riocreuxia flanaganii ScbitT. 20604. 20207 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (including 
Transkei) 20604 

Ex Riocreuxia woodii N.E.Br. 20604. 20207 

Ex 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
I Sarcostemma socotranum Lavranos 15534 



1 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 
R Schizoglossum montanum R.A.Dyer 206O4 

R 20604 Lesotho 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Orange Free State 20604 

V Schizoglossum rubiginosum Hilliard 20604 

V 20604 South Africa ■ Natal 20604 

V Schizoglossum singulare Kupicha 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Secamone rodriguesiana F.Fnedmann /0082 

R 5852 Mauritius - Rodrigues 5852 
R Secamone socotrana Bair. f. 15534 

R 15534 Yemen - Socoua 15534 
R Seshagiria sahyadrica Ansari & Hemadri 13883 

R 13883 India - Maharashtra 13883 

V Sisyranthus fanniniae N.E.Br. 20604 

V 20604 Soudl Afnca - Natal 20604 

V Socotranthus socotranus (Balf. f.) Kuntze 15534 

V 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

R Spirella robinsonii Cost. 60J7 

R Viemam 6057 

R Stapelia baylissii L.C.Leacb 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Stapelia clavicorona LVerd. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

V Stapelia divaricata Masson 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Stapelia erectiflora N.E.Br, var. prostratiflora 

L.C.Leach 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Stapelia glabricaulis N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Stapelia immelmaniae Pillans 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Stapelia obducta L.C.Leach 20604 

1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Stapelia paniculata Willd. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Stapelia peglerae N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Stapelia praetermissa L.C.Leach var. luteola 

L.C.Leach 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Stapelia praetermissa L.C.Leach var. praetermissa 

L.C.Leach 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Stapelia rubiginosa Nel 20604 

20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Stapelia scitula L.C.Leach 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Stapelia tsomoensis N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Stapelia villetiae Luckh. 20«oj 

I South Africa - Cape Province 

R Stapelianthus arenarius Bosser & Morat i0368 

R 2057S Madagascar (Toliara) 2057« 
R Stapelianthus decaryi Choux 10368 

R 2057S Madagascar (Toliata) 2057« 



-69- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plante 
Magnoljopsida (dicols): Asclepiadaceae: Slapelianlhus 

R Stapelianthus hardyi Lavranos ioi6s 

R 2057* Madagascar (Toliara) 2057S 
R Stapelianthus insignis Descoings var. 

insignis loies 

R 20574 Madagascar (Toliara) 2057* 
R Stapelianthus keraudreniae Bosser & Moral 2057* 

R 20S7S Madagascar (Toliara) 20S7S 
R Stapelianthus madagascariensis (Choux) Choux I036S 

R 20S7i Madagascar (Toliara) 2057a 
R Stapelianthus montagnacii (Boiteau) Boiteau & 

A.Bertrand 10368 

R 20578 Madagascar (Toliara) 2057S 
R Stapelianthus piloSUS (Choux) Lavranos & Hardy I036S 

R 2057S Madagascar (Toliara) 2057« 

V Stapeliopsis breviloba (R.A.Dyer) Bmyns 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 2060'< 

R Stapeliopsis exasperata (Bruyns) Bruyns 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

E Stapeliopsis neronis Pillans 20604 

E 20604 Namibia 20604 
E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Stapeliopsis pillansii {N.E.Br.) Bruyas 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Stapeliopsis saxatilis (N.E.Br.) Bruyns ssp. 

Stayneri (M.B.Bayer) Bruyns 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 
I Streptocaulon kleinii Wight & Am. 

I India (Deccan Peninsula) 

R Tanulepis sphenophylla Balf.f. 5«52 

R 5«52 Mauritius - Rodrigues 5S52 

R Toxocarpus beddomei Gamble 74782 

R /4782 India - Kerala (Palghat Hills) 14782 
R (4782 India - Tamil Nadu 14782 

E Toxocarpus longistigma (Roxb.) Wight & Am. ex 

Steud. 11494 
E ;/494 India - Andhra Pradesh ;;494 

V Toxocarpus palghatensis Gamble 

V 13883 India • Kerala (Palghat Hills) 13883 
R Toxocarpus pauciflorus M.K.nenienon 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

E Toxocarpus schimperianus Hemsley ;4296 

E ;49S; Seychelles (Mahe, Praslin, Cuneuse) 
14296 

R Trachycalymmafimbriatum (yitimnTQVi BvHock 7871 

R Zimbabwe 787; 

I Tridentea choanantha (Lavranos & Hall) Leach 

I Southern Afnca 

I Tridentea pachyrrhiza (Dinter) L.C.Leach 20604 

I 20604 Namibia 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 

R Tridentea virescens (N.E.Br.) L.C.Leach 20604 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Tromotriche herrei (Nel) Bmyns 206O4 

1 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Tromotriche longii (C.A.Luckh.) Bruyns 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Tromotriche ruschiana (Dinter) Bmyns 20604 

R 20604 Namibia 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 



R Tromotriche thudichumii (Pillans) L.C.Leach 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Tylophora calcicola M.R. Henderson 

R Malaysia ■ Peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Pahang) 

R Tylophora coriacea Marais }0082 

R Maunlius 10082 

E 14981 Seychelles 14981 

R Tylophora lanyuensis Liu & Lu 205;; 

R 20J;/ Taiwan 2057/ 

E Tylophora linearis P.Forster 206SI 

E 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 20687 
E 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 

E Tylophora rupicola P.Forster 20687 

E 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 

V Tylophora williamsii P.Forster 206S7 

V 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 
E Tylophora woollsii Benth. 20687 

E 20687 Australia • New South Wales 20687 

I Tylophora zeylanica Decne. 8027 

I 76762 Sn Lanka (Hantana. Wattegoda, Kandy) 

8027 

E Utleria salicifolia Beddome 74782 

E I47S2 India - Kerala 74782 

E 74782 India • Tamil Nadu 74782 

R Vincetoxicum creticum Browicz 207J7 

R 207J7 Greece - Crete 207J7 

V Vincetoxicum pannonicum (Borhidi) Holub 8000. 201 77 

V 20686 Hungary 8000 

R Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopow) Barbar. 207 77 

R fonner European USSR 8000 

E White-sloanea crassa (N.E. Br.) Chiov. 

E Somalia 

R Woodia mucronata (Thunb.) N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Natal 20604 

R Woodia singularis N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 Swaziland 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

R Woodia verruculosa Schltr. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Xysmalobium gerrardii Scott-Elliot 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca ■ Natal 20604 

I Xysmalobium pearsonii l.BoIus 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Xysmalobium tysonianum (Schltr.) N.E.Br. 20604 

I 20604 Lesotho 20604 
1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca ■ Natal 20604 

Balanopaceae 

Number of genera: 1 

Number of species: 9 

Recorded threatened species: 1 (11%) 

Southwest Pacific, especially New Caledonia. 



R 



Balanops balansae Baillon 20893 

R 2089J New Caledonia 20893 



-70- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Balanophoraceae: Balanophora 

Balanophoraceae 

Number of genera: 1 9 

Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical and subtropical. 



45 
5 (11%) 



R Balanophora kiusiana Ohwi ios72 

R 10572 Japan WS72 
E Balanophora wilderi Setchell 19473 

E 19473 Cook Is. (Southern group) (Rarotonga) 

19473 

R Balanophora yakusimensis Masam. 10572 

R 10572 Japan 10572 
V Dactylanthus taylorii Hook.f. 86 

V 19305 New Zealand - North Is. 19305 

R Helosis cayennensis (Swartz) Spreng var. 

cayennensis 10200 
R Dominica 10200 

V 17079 Brazil 17079 

V 17746 Brazil - Amazonas 17079 

V 17746 Brazil - Rio Grande do Sul 17079 

V 17746 Brazil • Rondonia 7 7079 

V 17746 Brazil - Roraima /7079 

V 17746 Brazil - Sana Catanna /7079 
R IS200 Peru IS200 

Balsaminaceae 

Number of genera: 2 

Number of species : 4 50 

Recorded threatened species: 6 9 (15%) 

Tropical Asia and Africa, some in temperate regions; India 
to Java. 

I Impatiens acaulis Arn. 

I India - Kamataka (Concan) 

I India - Kerala (Malabar) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri) 

I Impatiens aliciae C. Fischer 

I India - Kerala (Travancore) 

Ex/E Impatiens anaimudica c. Fischer I47g2 
Ex/E 14782 India - Kerala (Anaimudi) 14782 
I Impatiens barberi Hook.f. 

I India - Kamalaka (Cadamany) 

I Impatiens cochinica Hook.r. 

I India - Kerala (Kavalay. Cochin) 

I Impatiens coelotropis c. Fischer 

1 India - Kerala (Anaimudi) 

I Impatiens concinna Hook.f. 

I India - Kerala (Malabar) 

I Impatiens crenata Beddome 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

Ex Impatiens cryptoneura Hook.f. 20742 

Ex 20742 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 20742 

I Impatiens dassysperma Wight 

I India - Kamalaka (Mysore hills) 

1 India - Tamil Nadu (Courtallum. Tininelveli) 

I Impatiens debilis Turcz. 2268 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 2268 

I Impatiens dendricola C. Fischer 

I India - Kamataka (Thandiadumolu, Coorg) 

I Impatiens digitata Warb. ssp. digitata 

Grey-Wilson J 9503 



I 5926 Tanzania (Mt Kilimanjaro) 5926 
I Impatiens digitata Warb. ssp. ngorongorensis 

Grey-Wilson 19503 
I 5926 Tanzania 5926 

I Impatiens elegantissima Gilg. ssp. nov. 5926 

I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
I Impatiens engleri GUg ssp. engleri 19503 

I 5926 Tanzania (Lushoto & Morogoro) 19503 

R Impatiens flanaganiae Hemsl. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R 2060-* South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Impatiens gongolana Halle 

R Gabon (Moms de Cristal) 

E Impatiens gordonii Home ex Baker 14296 

E 14981 Seychelles (Mahe) 14296 

I Impatiens grandisepala Grey-wuson 

I Cameroon (Cameroon mt) 

I Impatiens harrissii Hook.r. 

I India (W. Himalaya) 

I Impatiens janthina Thwaites 8021 

I ;6;62 Sn Lanka 8021 
Ex/E Impatiens johnii Barnes 14782 

Ex/E 14782 India - Kerala (Kalaar valley. Idlkki) 

/•»782 

E Impatiens jurpioides T. Shimizu 19120 

E ;9;20 Thailand ;9;20 
I Impatiens keilii Gilg ssp. keilii 19503 

I 5926 Tanzania (Morogoro. Innga) 19503 

I Impatiens kentrodonta Gilg /950J 

I 5926 Tanzania (Kilosa & Morogoro) /950J 
I Impatiens kilimanjari Oliv. 19503 

I 5926 Tanzania (Mt Kilimanjaro) 5926 

I Impatiens laticomis C. Fischer 4988 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Kundha, Nilgiri hills) 

4988 

I Impatiens lawii Hook.f. & Thomson 

1 India - Kerala 

I Impatiens lawsonii Hook.f. 226s 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 2268 

I Impatiens leptura Hook.f. 

I India - Kerala (Travancore) 

I Impatiens letestuana Halle 

I Gabon 

I Impatiens letouzeyi Grey-wuson 

I Cameroon (Kumba) 

I Impatiens leucantha Thwaites 8021 

I /6;62 Sn Lanka 8021 

I Impatiens lucida Heyne 

I India . Kamataka (South Canara) 

I India - Kerala (Travancore) 

Ex/E Impatiens macrocarpa Hook.f. /■<7S2 

Ex/E ]4782 India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) /•<782 

I Impatiens meeboldii Hook.r. 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

E Impatiens munnarensis Barnes /■<782 

E 14782 India - Kerala (Munnar. Idikki) 14782 

I Impatiens munronii Wight 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Sispara. Nilgiri) 

I Impatiens nataliae Hook.f. 



-71- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Balsaminaceae: Impatiens 

I India - Kamataka (Kumsi. Shimoga) 

E Impatiens neo-bamesii c. Fischer 4988 

E I3S83 India - Tamil Nadu (Kundha. Nilgiri hills) 
498S 

E Impatiens nilagirica C. Fischer ussi 

E I3SS3 India - Tamil Nadu (Kundha. Nilgiri hills) 
498S 

R Impatiens nzoana A. Chev. ssp. bennae (Jacq.-Fel.) 

Grey-Wilson 
R Gumea 

R Impatiens oumina Halle 

R Gabon (Ayoumba) 

I Impatiens pahalgamensis Hook.f. 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

I Impatiens pallide-rosea GUg var. pallide-rosea 

Grey- Wilson 19503 

I 5926 Tanzania (Uluguru mis) 19503 
I Impatiens pallidiflora Hook.f. 

1 India - Kerala (Devicolam. Idikki) 

R Impatiens pandata Bames 14782 

R 14782 India - Kerala 14782 
I Impatiens platyadena C. Fischer 

1 India - Kerala (Anaimudi) 

I Impatiens polhillii Grey-Wilson ined. 19503 

I 5926 Tanzania (Iringa) 5926 
R Impatiens quisqualis Laimert 7749 

R Malawi 7749 

I Impatiens repens Moon 8021 

I 16162 Sn Lanka 802! 
R Impatiens ridleyi Hook.f. 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Selangor: Pahang) 

I Impatiens rivulicola Hook.f. 

I India - Kerala (Puraiar Valley, Travancore) 

R Impatiens rubromaculata Warb. ssp. schulziana 

(Launert) Grey-Wilson 7S56 
R Malawi 7856 

I Impatiens nifescens Benlh. ex Wight & Am. 2268 

I India - Tamil Nadu 2268 

I Impatiens setosa Hook.f. 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

R Impatiens shirensis Baker f. 77-»9 

R Malawi 7749 

I Impatiens stocksii Hook.f. 

I India - Kamataka 

I Impatiens subcordata Am. 802; 

I /6/62 Sn Lanka (Ramboda: Hakgala; Hewaheta) 
8021 

R Impatiens talbotii Hook. f. 14782 

R 14782 India - Kamataka 14782 
I Impatiens laprobanica Hiem 802; 

1 16162 Sri Lanka 802; 

R Impatiens tayemonii Hayata 205;; 

R 20511 Taiwan 205// 

I Impatiens teitensis Grey-Wilson ssp. leitensis 

Grey-Wilson /9/09 

I 19109 Kenya /9/09 
I Impatiens tipusensis M.R. Henderson 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Gua Tipus. Pahang) 

R Impatiens tuberosa H. Perrier /0i68 



R 20578 Madagascar (Anlsiranana) 2057S 

Impatiens ulugurensis Warb. /950J 

I 5926 Tanzania (Uluguni mts) 5926 
Impatiens verucunda Hook.f. 

I India ■ Kerala (Penakanal & Devicolam) 

Impatiens viridiflora Wight 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

Impatiens walkeri Hook. «02/ 
I /6/62 Sri Lanka 8021 

Impatiens wightiana Beddome 

I India - Tamil Nadu 



Basellaceae 

Number of genera: 4 

Number of species: 15-20 

Recorded threatened species: 5 

Tropical and subtropical, mostly New World. 



(27%) 



E Anredera aspera Sperling 20883 

E 20883 Bolivia 2088J 

R Anredera densiflora Sperling 20SS3 

E 20S83 Ecuador 20883 
R 20883 Peru 20883 

V Anredera krapovickasii (ViUa C.) Sperling 208S3 

E 2088J Argentina 20SS3 

V 20883 Bolivia 2088J 

R Anredera tucumanensis (Lillo & Hauman) 

Sperling 20883 
R 20883 Argentina 20883 
E 20883 Bolivia 20883 

V 20883 Brazil 20883 

R Toumonia hookeriana Moquin-Tandon, in DC 208S3 

E 20883 Colombia 20883 
R 20883 Ecuador 20883 

Begoniaceae 

Number of genera: 3-5 

Number of species: 1 , 02 

Recorded threatened species: 64 

Tropical, especially northern South America. 



(6%) 



R Begonia aborensis Duim /■<782 

R 14782 India - Aranachal Pradesh 14782 

R Begonia aggeloptera Halle 

R Gabon 

E Begonia aliciae C. Fischer /•<782 

E 14782 India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) /■*782 

E Begonia anamalayana Bedd. 14782 

E /■»782 India (southwestern Ghats) 14782 

R Begonia austrotaiwanensis Chen & Peng 20511 

R 205/; Taiwan 205// 

V Begonia bissei }. Sierra ii840 

V 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 11840 

R Begonia brevibracteata Kupicha 7749 

R Malawi 7749 

Ex/E Begonia brevicaulis DC. 14782 

Ex/E 14782 India - Meghalaya /■<782 

E Begonia brevicyma c. DC. 20883. 9006 

I /9577 Panama 2088J 

R Begonia buimontana Yamamoto 205;/ 

R 205// Taiwan 20511 



-72- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Begoniaceae: Begonia 

R Begonia burkillii Dunn H7S2 

R /■(7S2 India • Arunachal Pradesh 14782 
I Begonia canarana Miq. I47S2 

E 14782 India - Kamataka (South Canara) 14782 

E 14782 India ■ Kerala (Malabar) 14782 

I 19215 Malaysia ■ Sabah 19215 

R Begonia carletonii Siandley 9037 

R 19760 Costa Rica 9037 
R 19577 Panama 9037 

R Begonia copeyana C. DC. 90i7 

R ;976; Costa Rica 90J7 

R Begonia cordifolia (Wight) Thwaites 14782 

R /■»7S2 India - Kerala (Malabar) 147S2 
R ;4782 India - Tamil Nadu (Tirunelveli Hills) 
14782 

Ex Begonia cowellii Nash J607 

Ex ;9/05 Cuba (Granma) 5607 

V Begonia cubensis Hassk. /;«« 

V /9;oj Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 11840 

E Begonia davidsoniae Sm. & Schubert 20883. 9006 

I 79577 Panama 20883 

R Begonia dregei Otto & A.Dietr. 20604 

R 2060'< South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 10604 

I Begonia ferramica Halle 

I Gabon 

I Begonia ficifolia Halle 

1 Gabon 

R Begonia formosana (Hayata) Masamune forma 

albomaculata Liu & Lai 205/; 
R 205/; Taiwan 205// 
Begonia garagarana c. DC. 20883. 9006 

I /9577 Panama 20883 
Begonia geraniifolia Hook. I8200 

E 9«6 Peru /8200 

Begonia homonyma Steud. 2060-<, /50/j 

R 2060.< South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R 2060.( South Afnca - Natal 20604 

Begonia ignorata Innscher 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Kota Glanggi. Pahang) 

Begonia kingiana Innscher 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

Begonia leivae J. Sierra 11840 

E /9/05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 11840 
Begonia lethomasiae R. wuczek 

I Gabon 

Begonia libanensis Urban 11840 

V /9/05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 11840 
Begonia lomensis Britten & P. Wilson 11840 

E 19105 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 11840 

Begonia lushaiensis c.E. C. Fischer 14782 

R 147S2 India - .Mizoram 14782 

Begonia maestrensis Urban iiS4o 

E 1910S Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 11840 

Begonia minutifolia Halle 
R Gabon 

Begonia mucronistipula C. DC. 20883. 10747 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
Begonia nicolai-hallei R. WUczek 
I Gabon 



R Begonia nurii Innscher 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Pahang) 

R Begonia nyassensis irmscher 77-»9 

R Malawi 7749 

E Begonia octopetala L'Her. ssp. 

octopetala I8200 

E 9446 Penj 18200 

V Begonia opuliflora Putz. 9006 

V /6J/7 Panama 9006 

I Begonia palawanensis Mart, /jwj 

I /JW5 Philippines (low altimde) 13833 
R Begonia phoeniogramma Ridley 

R Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 

R Begonia phrixophyllaBlatt.eiMcC. 13883 

R /J8W India - Maharashtra 13883 

I Begonia purdieana A. DC. 2088J. /Jii6 

I ;5JJ6 Jamaica 20883 
E Begonia rajah Ridley; Ridley /29J6. /0260 

E 12936 Malaysia 12936 
R Begonia mbro-venia Hook. var. meisneri 

Clarke /•<7«2 
R /■*7«2 India - Meghalaya /•»782 

R Begonia rumpiensis Kupicha 7749 

R Malawi 7749 

E Begonia salisburyana Irmsch 7924 

E Nigena (Okomu) 7926 

R Begonia satrapis Clarke /■(782 

R 14782 India • Sikkim /4782 
I Begonia scintillans Dunn /■(782 

I /■<782 India - Arunachal Pradesh /•<782 

R Begonia scutata Wall, ex DC. /■»782 

R /■<7S2 India 14782 

R /■I7S2 India - Sikkim /•»7S2 

R 14782 India - West Bengal 14782 

R /92/« Nepal /■(782 

V Begonia seychellensis Hemsley /•»296 

V 19181 Seychelles 14296 

V Begonia socolrana Hook. f. 14908 

V /55J.< Yemen - Socotra (HaijirMts.) 14908 
R Begonia subpeltata Wight /•»782 

R 14782 India (South Deccan Penmsula and Western 

Ghats) 14782 
E 147S2 Sn Lanka /47S2 

R Begonia taiwaniana Hayata 205// 

R 205// Taiwan 205// 

I Begonia tessaricarpa Clarke 14782 

I /■J782 India - Assam /■<782 

V Begonia trichocarpa Dalz. I47S2 

V /4782 India (Western Ghats and soutfiwesl India) 

14782 

R Begonia triflora innscher var. caloskiadia 

HaUe 
R Gabon 

R Begonia vestita C. DC. 9004 

R /9760 Costa Rica 9057 
I /9577 Panama 9006 

I Begonia vittariifolia Halle 

I Gabon 

E Begonia watti Clarke 14782 

E 14782 India - Nagaland 14782 



-73- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Begoniaceae: Begonia 
I Begonia wengeri C.E. C. Fischer H782 

I I47S2 India • Mizoram I47S2 
I Begonia woodii Merr. iJSii 

I llSll Philippines (Palawan) 11833 

V Begonia wrightiana \. DC iis40 

V 1910S Cuba (Guaniananio) 11840 

R Hillebrandia sandwicensis D. ouver 20850 14209 

I 2O8SO US- - Hawaii 208J0 

Berberidaceae 

Number of genera: 13 

Number of species: 650 

Recorded threatened species: 43 (6%) 

Widespread, especially temperate Northern Hemisphere. 

R Achlys japonica Maxim. 10ST2 

R 10572 Japan 10572 
R Berberis affinis Don 11494 

R ]1494 India - Uttar Pradesh (Kumaon) 11494 
R Berberis alpicola Schneider 205/; 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
R Berberis apiculata Ahrendt 13883 

R 13883 India - Himachal Pradesh (Simla) 13883 

R Berberis bicolor Ley. 2051 1 

R 205;/ Taiwan 20511 

V Berberis cliffortioides Diets ;s200 

V 12468 Peni ;«200 

V Berberis corymbosa Hook. & Arn. /9//1S 

V 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. I9II6 

V Berberis everestiana Ahrendt var. ventosa 

Ahrendt 7731 

V Nepal 7731 

V Berberis harrisoniana Kearney & Peebles 20850 

V 20S50 US. - Anzona 20850 

R Berberis hayatana Mizush. 20511 

R 205/; Taiwan 205;; 
I Berberis huegeliana Schneider 11494 

I 11494 India - Janunu & Kashmir (Kashmir) 11494 
R Berberis iliensis Popov 5M2 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (south-east) 5942 

R Berberis karkaralensis Komilova & Potapov 5942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (easl) 59J2 

R Berberis kashmiriana Ahrendt 11494 

R 1 1 494 India • Jammu & Kashmir {Manmar valley, nr 
Desu) 11494 

V Berberis lambertii R. Parker 1 1 494 

V //■(M India - Uttar Pradesh 11494 
E Berberis litoralis PhUippi ;50S8 

E 13875 Chile 13875 

V Berberis maderensis Lowe ;-»;66 

V 14166 Portugal - Madeira 14177 

E Berberis masafuerana Skoitsb. I9ii6 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Berberis nilghiriensis Ahrendt 2268 

V ;8228 India • Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 2208 
I Berberis orthobolrys Bien. ex Aitch. var. 

sinthanensis Ahrendt 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir (only Kashmir) 

R Berberis osmastonii Dunn 11494 



17617 China - 
17617 China - 
17617 China - 



R 11494 India - Uttar Pradesh (Garhwal) 11494 
I Berberis petiolaris Wallich ex G. Don var. 

garhwalana Ahrendt 

1 India - Uttar Pradesh (Garhwal; Kumaun) 

R Berberis poluninii Ahrendt 7731 

R Nepal 77j; 

I Berberis pseudoumbellata R. Parker 

I India - Himachal Pradesh (Chamba. Simla) 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir (only Kashmir) 

I India - Uttar Pradesh (Garhwal) 

I Berberis royleana Ahrendt 

I India • Jammu & Kashmir (only Kashmir) 

V Dysosma versipellis (Hance) M. Cheng I76i7 

V 17617 China - Anhui 11139 
17617 China - Fujian III39 
17617 China - Guangxi 11139 
17617 China - Guizhou 11139 

- Henan 11139 

- Hubei 11139 

- Hunan HI39 
17617 China - Jiangxi 11139 
17617 China - Shaanxi 11139 
17617 China - Sichuan 11139 
17617 China - Yunnan 11139 
17617 China ■ Zhejiang 11139 

I Epimedium colchicum (Boiss.) Trautv. 5942 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
I 5942 Georgia (Black Sea coast) 5942 

R Epimedium grandiflorum Morr. var. coelestre 

Shimizu 10572 
R ;0572 Japan /0572 

V Epimedium perralderianum Coss. 10487 

V 14958 Algena 104S7 

R Gymnospermium altaicum (Pallas) Spach ssp. odessanum 

(DC.) E. Mayer & Pulevic ;0270 
R 19121 Albania 19121 
E 14155 Greece (Peloponnisos) 207j; 
E 19949 Romania 8000 

I Gymnospermium darwasicum (Regel) Takht. 5942 

I 5M2 Tajikistan 5942 
I Gymnospermium odessanum (DC.) Takht. 5942 

I 5942 Ukraine 5W2 
I Gymnospermium smimowii (Trautv.) Takht. 5942 

1 5942 Ukraine 5942 

V Mahonia amplectens Eastw. 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Cahfomia 20850 

E Mahonia higginsiae (Munz) Ahrendt 2088J. 19002 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E 20883 Mexico 20883 

I Mahonia jaunsarensis Ahrendt 

1 India - Uttar Pradesh (Chakrata) 

V Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. var. mendocinensis 

(J.B. Roof) J.B. Roof 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Mahonia nevinii (Gray) Fedde 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R Mahonia oiwakensis Hayaia 205 11 

R 20854 Taiwan 205;; 

E Mahonia pinnata (Lag.) Fedde ssp. insularis (Munz) 

J.B. Roof 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
E Mahonia sonnei Abrams 20850 



-74- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Berberidaceae: Mahonia 

E 20850 U.S. - Cahfomia 20S50 
R Mahonia swaseyi (Buckl. ex Young) Fedde 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

I Ranzania japonica lio 10572 

I 70572 Japan 10572 

Betulaceae 

Number of genera: 6 

Number of species: 120-130 

Recorded threatened species: 13 (10%) 

Mainly temperate and cool Nonhem Hemisphere. 



R Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertner ssp. 

betuloides 206I8 

R 206/8 Turkey 206;« 

R Alnus hakkodensis Hayashi ;0572 

R 10572 Japan 70572 
R Alnus maritima (Marsh.) MuU. ex Nutt. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20«50 
R 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Oklahoma 20«50 

V Betula apoiensis Nakai ;o572 

V 20626 Japan (Mt Apoi) 20626 

R Betula browicvana Guner ;28«) 

R 206/8 Turkey 206/S 

R Betula chichibuensis Hara ;0572 

R /0572 Japan 70572 

R Betula ermani Cham. var. saitoana 

Hatus. 75957 
R 7592J Korea, South (Ml. Haila. Ml. Chiri) 
75957 

R Betula globispica SUrai 

R Japan (central) 

E Betula halophila Ching ex P.C. Li 776/7 

E 77677 China - Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (Anai) 
7//J9 

I Betula megrelica Sosn. 59.<2 

I 5942 Georgia 5942 
E Betula murrayana Barnes & Dancik 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 
R Betula parvibracteata Peinado, Morena & Velasco 

R Spain 

I Betula raddeana Trautv. 5942 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 

I 5942 Georgia 5942 

Bignoniaceae 

Number of genera: 10 

Number of species : 8 

Recorded threatened species: 155 (19%) 

Mainly tropical, especially tropical America. 

E Amphitecna costata a. Gentry 20883. 9089 

E 12472 Guatemala 20883 
R Amphitecna isthmica (A. Gentry) A. Gentry 20883 

I 20883 Costa Rica 2088J 

I 20883 Panama 20S8J 

I 20883 Colombia 2088J 

E Amphitecna macrophylla (Seemann) Miers ex 

Baillon 2088J. 9089 
E 20883 Mexico 20883 
Ex7E 12472 Mexico - Veracniz 9089 



V Amphitecna megalophylla (Donnell Smith) A. 

Gentry 20883 
I 20883 Guatemala 20883 
E Amphitecna parviflora A. Gentry 20883. 9089 

V 12472 Panama 20883 

R Amphitecna regalis (Linden) A. Gentry 20883 

1 20S83 Mexico 20883 

R Amphitecna sessilifolius (J.D. Sm.) L.O. Wms. 208SJ 

I 2O88J Costa Rica 20883 
I 2088J Panama 20883 

V Amphitecna silvicola L. O. Wiiuams 20883. 9006 

V 12472 Guatemala 20883 

V 12472 Mexico 20883 

E Amphitecna spathicalyx (A. Gentry) A. Gentry 20883. 

9089 
E /2<72 Panama 20883 

V Amphitecna steyermarkii (A. Gentry) A. Gentry 2088J 

I 20S8J Guatemala 20883 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Amphitecna tuxtlensis a. Gentry 20883. 9089 

V 72-»72 Mexico 20883 

Argylia adscendens var. viridis CPhiUppi) Gleisner & 

Ricardi 2088J 
I 208SJ Chile 20883 

Argylia bifrons Phuippi 20883 

I 20883 Chile 20885 

Argylia checoensis (Meyen) Johnston 20883 

I 20883 Chile 20883 

Argylia famesiana Gleisner & Ricardi 20883 

I 2088J Chile 20883 

Argylia geranioides A. de CandoUe 208S3 

I 2O8SJ Chile 20S8J 
Argylia glutinosa Philippi 20883 

I 20883 Chile 20883 

Argylia potentillifolia A. de CandoUe 20883 

I 20883 Chile 2088J 

Argylia robusta Sandwitb 208SJ. /6JJ6 

V /6JJ6 Argentina 20883 

V 207 76 Argentina - Neuquen 201 76 

V 20776 Argentina - Mendoza 20776 

Argylia tomentosa Philippi 20S«J 

I 2088J Chile 20883 

Catalpa brevipes Urban 208SJ. 5607 

V 79/05 Cuba (Granma) 20883 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (Azua (south west)) 

20O7.» 
I 2088J Haiti (Massif de la Hone) 20074 

R Catalpa purpurea Grisebach 20883 

I 20883 Cuba 20883 

I 20883 Haiti (La Gonave) 21008 

V Colea colei (Bojer ex Hook.) M.L.Green 70082 

V 2077/ Mauritius 70082 

I Colea seychellarum Seemann 14296 

I /978/ Seychelles (granitic) 14296 

E Crescentia mirabilis Ekman ex Urban 20883. 5607 

E 79705 Cuba (Camaguey) 208SJ 

E Crescentia portoricensis Britt. 20883. 8058 

E 20883 Puerto Rico (western) 20883 

R Cuspidaria weberbaueri (Sprague) A. Gentry I8200 

R 72468 Peru 18200 



E 
R 

V 
R 
V 
R 
V 
R 
R 

R 
R 



-75- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Bignoniaceae: Cuspidaria 

R Delostoma dentatum D. Don 20883 

I 20883 Peru 20SS3 
E Delostoma gracile A. Gentry 20883. 12472 

E 12472 Peni 20883 

R Digomphia ceratophora A. Gentry 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20S83 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

V Ekmanianthe actinophylla (Grisebach) Urban 20883. 

20513 
I 20883 Cuba 20883 

V Ekmanianthe longiflora (Grisebach) Urban 20883 

I 20883 Cuba 2088i 

I 208W Dominican Republic (Barahona) 20074 

I 20883 Haiti (Gonaives) 2007'< 

V Femandoa lutea (Verdcourt) Bidgood 2088s 

V 20885 Tanzania (Rondo) 20900 

R Haplophragma serratum Dop 60J7 

R Viemam 6057 

I Hexaneurocarpon brilletii Dop 6057 

I /57J< Viemam 6057 

V Jacaranda acutifolia Kunih is2oo 

V ;246S Peru 18200 

R Jacaranda arborea Urban 20««j 

I 20SSJ Cuba 208W 
R Jacaranda bracteata Bureau & K. Schumann 20885 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

E Jacaranda bullata A. Gentry 20885 

I 20885 Brazil 208S3 

R Jacaranda campinae A. Gentry & Morawetz 20885 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

E Jacaranda carajasensis A. Gentry 20885 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

R Jacaranda caucana A. Gentry ssp. calycina A. 

Gentry 20885. ;2472 

V 12472 Colombia 20883 

R Jacaranda caucana ssp. glabrata A. 

Gentry 20885 

I 20885 Venezuela 20883 
R Jacaranda cowellii Brition & Wilson 20885 

I 20SS5 Cuba 20885 

E Jacaranda crassifolia Morawetz 208S3 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

V Jacaranda egleri Sandwith 208S3 

I 20885 Brazil 20885 

V Jacaranda ekmanii Alain 20885 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (Pedemales. Barahona) 

2007.* 
I 20885 Haiti (soufll) 2007'» 

V Jacaranda grandifoliolata \. Gentry 20885 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

V Jacaranda intricata A. Gentry & w. Morawetz 2oss3 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

R Jacaranda irwinii A. Gentry 20S85 

I 20885 Brazil 20885 

R Jacaranda macrocarpa Bureau & K. Schumann 20883 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

I 20885 Colombia 20883 

I 20885 Pern 20885 

R Jacaranda microcalyx a. Gentry 20885 

I 20885 Brazil 20885 



V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
E 
V 



V 
R 



Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don ;o7-»7 

R 20074 Argentina ;07J7 

I 20176 Argentina - Catamarca 20176 

I 20/76 Argentina - Jujuy 20776 

I 201 76 Argentina - Salla 201 76 

R 20074 Bolivia 12379 

Jacaranda montana Morawetz 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

Jacaranda morii A. Gentry 20885 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

Jacaranda orinocensis Sandwith 20883 

I 20885 Venezuela 20883 

Jacaranda praetermissa Sandwith 20885 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Jacaranda pulcherrima Morawetz 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Jacaranda racemosa Chamisso 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

Jacaranda rugosa a. Gentry 20885 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

Jacaranda selleana Urban 20885 

I 20885 Dominican Republic (Pedemales) 20074 
I 208S3 Haiti (Massif de la Selle) 20074 

Jacaranda sparrei A. Gentry 20S83. 18200 

I 20883 Ecuador 20883 
I ;2468 Peru 20885 

Jacaranda subalpina Morawetz 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

Niedzwedzkia semiretschenskia B. Fedtsch. 59« 

R 59J2 Kazakhstan (south-east) 59« 
R 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

E Paratecoma peroba (Record & Mell) KuUmann 20SS3. 

13928 
E 20885 Brazil 20883 
? Brazil ■ Bahia /592S 

? Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 13928 

R Parmentiera cereifera Seem. 20885. ;0747 

I 20883 Panama 20885 

V Parmentiera dressleri A. Gentry ;o747 

V ;65;7 Panama, 70747 

R Parmentiera millspaughiana L. O. Williams 20883. 

9089 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

E Parmentiera morii a. Gentry 20S85. 9089 

V 72472 Panama 20883 

R Parmentiera parviflora Lundell 208S3. 9004 

I 20885 Guatemala 20883 
I 20885 Mexico 20883 

V Parmentiera stenocarpa Dugand & L. B. Smith 20S85 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 
E Parmentiera trunciflora Standley & L. 

Williams 20883, 9089 
1 20885 Nicaragua 20883 

E Parmentiera valerii standley 20883. 9089 

E 72472 Costa Rica 20883 

R Pseudocatalpa caudiculata (Standley) A. Gentry 9004 

R 9004 Belize 9004 
R 9004 Guatemala 9004 

R Radermachera poilanei Dop 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Radermachera tonkinensis Dop 60J7 



-76- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Bignoniaceae: Radermachera 
R Viemam 6057 

V Romeroa verticillata Dugand 20SS3 

I 20SSJ Colombia 20SS3 

E Sparattosperma catingae A. Gentry zosss 

I 20SS3 Brazil 208S3 

R Spathodeopsis collignonii Dop 6057 

R Viemam 6057 

R Spirotecoma apiculata (Britton) Alain zoaas 

I 20«W Cuba 208S3 

R Spirotecoma holguinensis (Brinon) Alain 2088J 

I 2O88J Cuba 20883 
R Spirotecoma rubriflora (Leonard) Alain 20883 

I 20S8J Cuba 20883 

I 2088i Dominican Republic (Barahona, Samana, El 

Seibo) 20074 
I 20S83 Hani (Massif duNoid. Massif de la Selle) 

20074 

V Spirotecoma spiralis (Wright ex Grisebacb) 

Pichon 20S8J 
1 20883 Cuba 208SJ 

E Synapsis ilicifolia Griseb. 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 
E Tabebuia acunana Borh. & Muniz 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

V Tabebuia anafensis Urban 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Ciud. Habana; Matamas) 5607 

V Tabebuia arianeae A. Gentry 2088J 

1 20883 Brazil 20883 

R Tabebuia arimaoensis Britton 20883 

1 20883 Cuba 2088i 

V Tabebuia bibracteolata (Grisebacb) Britton 20883 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 20883 
R Tabebuia billbergii ssp. ampla A. 

Gentry 20883 
I 20883 Ecuador 20883 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

V Tabebuia botelhensis A. Gentry 2088J 
I 2OS8J Brazil 20883 

R Tabebuia brooksiana Britton 20883 

I 20SSJ Cuba 208SJ 

V Tabebuia buchii (Urban) Britton 20883 
I 20SSi Ham (nordi) 20074 

R Tabebuia bullata A. Gentry 2088J 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (central: Peravia. La Vega & 
Santiago) 20074 

V Tabebuia bureavii Sandwitb 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

V Tabebuia caleticana A. Gentry & D. Albert 2088J 

I 2O8SJ Cuba 20883 

V Tabebuia capotei Borh. 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

R Tabebuia cassinoides (Lamarck) A. P. de 

CandoUe 2088J, 20310 
I 20883 Brazil 20SSJ 

? Brazil - Santa Catarina 20310 

R Tabebuia catarinensis A. Gentry 208S3 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Tabebuia dementis Alain 20ssi 

1 20883 Cuba 20SSJ 

E Tabebuia conferta Urban 2088i. 75229 



I 75229 Haiti (Massif de la Hone) 20074 
R Tabebuia coralibe Standiey 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Tabebuia crispiflora Alain 2088J 

I 2O88J Cuba 20S8J 

1 20883 Dominican Republic (south west & central) 
2007.» 

V Tabebuia cristata A. Gentry 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

V Tabebuia del-riscoi Borh. 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Pmar del Rio; Holguin) 5607 

V Tabebuia dominguensis (Urban) Britton 2088i 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (north Barahona peninsula) 
20074 

R Tabebuia dubia (C. Wright ex SauvaUe) Britton ex 

Seibert 20S8J 
I 20883 Cuba 20883 

V Tabebuia elegans Urban 20883 

I 20883 Cuba 20883 

E Tabebuia elongata Urban 20SS3 

I 20883 Cuba 20883 

I Tabebuia furfuracea llrban 5607 

1 19105 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba; Holguin) 5607 
E Tabebuia geronensis Britton 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Juventud Is.) 5607 

E Tabebuia glaucescens Urban 2088J 

I 20SSi Cuba 20883 

R Tabebuia haemantha (Bertol. ex Spreng.) DC. 2088i 

I 2088J Puerto Rico 20S8J 
R Tabebuia hypoleuca (Wright ex Sauvalle) Urban 20883 

I 20SS3 Cuba 2088J 

R Tabebuia inaequipes Urban 20883 

I 20883 Cuba 2088J 

V Tabebuia jackiana Ekman ex Urban 2088i. 5607 
I /9/05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 20883 

I Tabebuia jojoana Britton & P. Wilson 5607 

I 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
R Tabebuia lapacho (K. Schumann) SandwUh 20883. 20176 

I 20883 Argentina 20883 

E 201 76 Argentina • Jujuy 201 76 

E 20/76 Argentina • Salla 201 76 

I 20S83 Bolivia 20883 

R Tabebuia linearis Alain 20883. 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Holguin) 20883 

R Tabebuia maxonii Urban 2088J 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (Samana Bay) 20074 

R Tabebuia moaensis Britton 2088J 

I 20883 Cuba 20883 

E Tabebuia multinervis Urban & Ekman 2088J 

I 20883 Haiti (Massif de la Selle) 20074 

V Tabebuia ophiolitica Alain 20883 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (nordi) 20074 
R Tabebuia orinocensis (Sandwith) A. Gentry 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

E Tabebuia paniculata Leonard 20883 

E 20883 Dominican Republic (Samana peninsula) 
20074 

R Tabebuia pedicellata (Bureau & K. Schumann) A. 

Gentry 20883 



-77- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Bignoniaceae: Tabebuia 

I 20U3 Brazil 20SS3 
E Tabebuia pergracilis Britton & P. Wilson 5607 

E 1910S Cuba (Sancti Spintus) 5607 
I Tabebuia picotensis Urban 5607 

I 5607 Cuba 5607 

V Tabebuia pinetorum Britton 208S3 

I 20SS3 Cuba 20883 

R Tabebuia platyantha (GTiseb.)KT\i\.oa 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 208SJ 

E Tabebuia polyantha Urban & Ekman 20985 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (north and central 

CordUleras) 2007-« 
I 20883 Haiti (Massif duNord. Massif de la Hone) 

20074 

E Tabebuia polymorpha Urban 20883 

I 208W Cuba 20883 

V Tabebuia puherulenta Urban 2oas3. S607 

I /9;05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba; Holguin) 20883 

R Tabebuia pumila \. Gentry 208sj 

I 20SSJ Brazil 20883 

V Tabebuia reticulata a. Gentry 20883 

I 208S3 Brazil 20885 

R Tabebuia revoluta (Urban) Britton 20883 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (Jarabacoa) 20074 

R Tabebuia rigida Urban 20SS3 

I 20S83 Pueno Rico 20883 

V Tabebuia riodocensis A. Gentry 20883 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

V Tabebuia sauvallei Britton 20883 

I 20883 Cuba 20885 

E Tabebuia saxicola Britton 5607 

E 1910S Cuba (Villa Clara) 5607 
R Tabebuia schumanniana Urban 20S85 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20885 

E Tabebuia selachidentata A. Gentry 20S85 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

R Tabebuia shaferi Britton 20883 

1 20885 Cuba 20883 

R Tabebuia striata A. Gentry 20885. 9006 

R ;2-<72 Panama 20883 
R /2-»72 Colombia 20883 

R Tabebuia vinosa A. Gentry 20S85 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (Cordillera Central) 
20074 

E Tabebuia zanonii A. Gentry 20883 

I 20883 Dominican Republic (Los Haitises) 2007'» 

V Tabebuia zolyomiana Sorb. 5607 
V ;9;o5 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

R Tecoma cochabambensis (Herzog) Sandwith 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20885 

R Tecoma fulva (CavaniUes) D. Don 20883 

I 20S83 Chile 20883 

1 20883 Pern 20885 

R Tecoma guarume A. de CandoUe 20883 

I 20885 Peru 20885 

E Tecoma tanaeciiflora (Kranzlin) Sandwith 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20885 

I 20883 Pern 20885 

R Tecoma weberbaueriana (Kranzlin) Melchior 20885, 



20-30 
200 
24 (12%) 



I820O 
I 20883 Ecuador 20883 
R ;2'<68 Peru 20883 

R Tecomanthe hillii (F.MueU.) steenis 2068/ 

R 2068; Australia - Queensland 2068; 

E Tecomanthe speciosa w. Oliver S6 

E /5578 New Zealand - North Is. (Three Kings Is.) 
75578 

R Tynnanthus croatianus A. Gentry 9006 

R 12472 Panama 9006 
R 12472 Colombia y2-»72 

R Tynnanthus macranthus L.O. Williams 9057 

R 9426 Costa Rica 9057 

V /2<72 Panama 10747 

Bombacaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical, especially Central and South America. 
R Adansonia za Baillon /0568 

R Madagascar 

I Bombax insigne Wall. var. polystemon 

Prain 777; 
1 14782 India - Nicobar Is. 777; 

V Ceiba glaziovii (Kuntze) Schum. ;;597 

V ;;597 Brazil ;;597 

Ceiba insignis (Kunth) Gibbs & Semir 16401 
I 1640} Panama 9006 

V Ceiba jasminodora (St. HU.) Schum. ;;597 

V ;;597 Brazil ;;597 

E Ceiba pubiflora var. glabriflora 

Hassler 20883 
E 20883 Paraguay 20883 
E Ceiba rosea (Seem.) Schum. 20885 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Ceiba trischistandra (Gray) Bakh. ;;597 

V Ecuador ;;597 
R ;9962 Peru ;;597 

R Cullenia ceylanica (Gardner) Schumann 8021 

R 72858 Sn Lanka 802] 
R Cullenia rosayroana Kosterm. 8021 

R 12838 Sn Lanka 802/ 
E Durio macrantha Kosterm. 1S943 

E IS943 Indonesia - Sumatra (north) IS943 

R Eriotheca gracilipes (K. Schum.) 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

V 20883 Paraguay 20883 

E Gyranthera darienensis Pitt. 20883. 9006 

V ; 95 77 Panama 20883 

E Matisia exalata Alvcrson 20883 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
E Pseudobombax argentinum (Fries) Robyns 2;056 

E 76556 Argentina ;6556 

E 207 76 Argennna - Jujuy 20776 

E 20; 76 Argentina - Salta 20;76 

Bolivia 2;056 

Brazil - Sao Paulo 2;056 

Paraguay 27056 

R Pseudobombax marginatum (St. Hil.) A. Robyns 20883 



-78- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Bombacaceae: Pseudobombax 

I 208S1 Bolivia 20aSi 

I 20S83 Brazil 10883 

V 20883 Paraguay 20883 
I 20883 Peru 20883 

R Pseudobombax tomentosum (Mart. & Zucc.) A. 

Robyns 20883 
I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

I 20SSJ Brazil 20«8i 

R 20SSJ Paraguay 208SJ 

E Quararibea aurantiocalyx Alverson 20883 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20««i 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

V Quararibea costaricensis Alverson 20883 

V 208W Costa Rica 20883 

E Quararibea dolichopoda A. Robyns 20«W. 9092 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Quararibea gomeziana Alverson 20S83 

I 20883 Costa Rica 208SJ 
I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Quararibea pendula Alverson zosas 

I 2088J Costa Rica 20883 
I 2088J Panama 20883 

E Quararibea santaritensis Alverson 20883 

I 20SSJ Panama 20883 
I Spirotheca rhodostyla Cuatrec. i93S3 

I ;9Jii Colombia ;9J5J 

Boraginaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Cosmopolitan, especially western North America and 
Mediterranean region; east into Asia. 

I Alkanna amana Recb. f. 12840 

I 12840 Turkey 12840 

I Alkanna areolata Boiss. var. areolata i2840 

I 12840 Turkey 12840 
I Alkanna areolata Boiss. var. sublaevis 

Huber-Mor. 12840 

I 12S40 Turkey ;2««) 
R Alkanna attilae Davis /2$40 

R ;2S^o Turkey 12840 
R Alkanna aucherana A. DC /28'«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 
R Alkanna calliensis Heldr. ex Boiss. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Alkanna cappadocica Boiss. & Bal. ;28«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 

R Alkanna froedinii Ktch. t. 12840 

R ;28*) Turkey ;28«) 

I Alkanna haussknechtii Bomm. i2S4o 

I ;28«l Turkey 12840 

R Alkanna hispida Huber-Mor. i2S40 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Alkanna incana Boiss. ;28«) 

R ;28'«) Turkey 12840 

V Alkanna macrophylla Boiss. & Heldr. j28'K) 

V ;28«) Turkey 12840 

V Alkanna macrosiphon Boiss. & Heldr. ;28«) 

V 12840 Turkey ;2«'«) 



100 
2, 000 

378 (18%) 



I Alkanna methanaea Hausskn. 20/7; 

I Greece 

R Alkanna noneiformis Griseb. 20/7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Alkanna oreodoxa Huber-Mor. I2840 

R 72840 Turkey 12840 
R Alkanna orientalis (L.) Boiss var. leucantha 

(Bomm.) Huber-Mor. 12840 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Alkanna pamphylica Huber-Mor. & Reese /2840 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 
R /l/ianna pf/l'a (Halacsy) Rech.f. 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Alkanna phrygia Bomm. 12840 

R ;2S-«) Turkey 12S40 

V Alkanna pinardii Boiss. ;2840 

V ;28'<0 Turkey ;2!-«) 

R Alkanna primulifolia Griseb. 

R Bulgaria 

R Greece 

R Alkanna pulmonaria Griseb. 201 7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Alkanna punctulata Huber-Mor. 12840 

R J28-(0 Turkey 12840 
I Alkanna sartoriana Boiss. & Heldr. 20;7/ 

I Greece 

R Alkanna saxicola Huber-Mor. /28«) 

R 72840 Turkey ;28'«) 
I Alkanna shattuckia (Post) Post ;2840 

I ;2840 Turkey 12840 

R Alkanna sieberi DC. 20171 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 19121 

R Alkanna sieheana Rech. f. ;28-«) 

R ;28-H) Turkey 12840 
R Alkanna stribmyi \e\en. 5204,20171 

V /9426 Bulgaria (south) 5204 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Alkanna verecunda Huber-Mor. 12840 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 

I Alkanna viscidula Boiss. 72840 

I ;2840 Turkey ;2S40 

V Amsinckia carinata A. Nels. & j.f. Macbr. 208J0 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20SM 

R Amsinckia furcata Suksdorf 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • California 20850 
E Amsinckia grandiflora (Kleeb. ex Gray) Kleeb. ex 

Greene 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California (SW San Joaquin Valley) 
20850 

R Anchusa cespitosa Lam. 20171 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 19121 

V Anchusa crispa Viv. sooo. 20/7; 

E ;5080 France - Corsica 12844 

V 18264 Italy - Sardinia (northern Sardegna) 

8001 

R Anchusa macrosyrinx Rech.f. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Anchusa phocidica l.-a. Gusuvsson 

R Greece 



-79- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicols): Boraginaceae: Anchusa 

R Anchusa rechingeri Riedl 

R Greece 

R Anchusa sartorii Htlir. ex Gusui. 20171 

R Greece 

R Anchusa seqjentinicola Recb.t. 20171 

R Greece 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

I Anchusa spruneri Boiss. 20171 

I Greece 

R Anchusa subglabra Caball. 20/7; 

R Spain 

E Amebia benthamii Benih. 1476S 

E India - Jammu & Kashmir I476S 

R Amebia purpurea Erik & Sumbul I2S40 

R ;28'»0 Turkey ;2«*) 

I Borago longifolia Poirei 

V Algena 

I Tunisia 

R Bourreria baccata Raf. 2088J 

R 2088J Jamaica 20SSi 
R Bourreria mollis Standley 9004 

R ;;M/ Belize 9004 

R ;;;s; Guatemala ;/;s; 

R ;;;8; Honduras ;;m; 

R ll]SI Mexico IIISI 

R ;;;8; Nicaragua IUSI 

Bourreria panamensis I.M. Johnst. 20SS3 
I 20SSi Panama 20SS3 

V Bourreria radula (Poir.) G. Don 2088i, ;sioo2 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Florida 20850 
I 208SJ Puerto Rico 2088i 

R Bourreria rekoi Standley iiisj 

R IIISI Mexico niSJ 
E Bourreria rubra E. J. Lott & J. S. Miller 2088J, 

R IIISI Mexico 2088J 
R Bourreria superba I.M. Johnston iiisi 

R ;;;s; Mexico ;;;s; 

V Bourreria velutina (DC.) Gurke 20SSI. 13336 

V /9890 Jamaica (Si. Catherine) 20SS3 
Brunnera sibirica Steven 5942 

I 59.<2 Russia (Sibena) - Altai 5942 
Buglossoides gastonii (Benth.) I.M.Johnst. 20171 

V France 
R Spain 

Buglossoides glandulosa (Velen.) R.Fcrn. 5204. 20171 

V 19426 Bulgaria (south) 520.< 
I 19417 Romania 19417 

Coldenia procumbens L. var. aristata 

Merr. I3S33 

I 13833 Philippines (low altimde) I3S33 
E Cordia acunae (Mold.) Alain 5607 

E y9;05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 
R Cordia anisophylla J.S. Miller I3S66 

R IIISI Panama I3S66 

V Cordia bellonis Urban 208SJ 

I 20SS3 Pueno Rico 20S8J 

V Cordia borinquensis Urban 208W 

I 20SS3 Puerto Rico 20S8J 
R Cordia clarendonensis (Britton) Steam 2088i. 13336 



I 
R 

I 

I 



R 13336 Jamaica (Clarendon. Trelawny) 20SS3 
R Cordia colimensis I.M. Johnston iiisi 

R //;s; Mexico IIISI 

V Cordia corallicola Urban 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Granma) 5607 

R Cordia cordiformis I.M. Johnston ;;;8; 

R ;;;«; Guatemala IIISI 

R ;/;s/ Mexico - Chiapas IIISI 

? Mexico - Colima 21204 

R Cordia correae J.S. Miller /;675 

R //;s; Panama /;675 

R Cordia croatii J.S. Miller ;;675 

R ;;;8; Costa Rica ;;675 
R IIISI Panama ;;675 

V Cordia decandra Hook. & Am. ;5088 

V ;J875 Chile yjS75 

R Cordia dumosa Alain 5607 

R ;9;05 Cuba (Las Tunas. Guantanamo) 5607 
R Cordia elliptica Sw. 20S«J 

R 2088J Jamaica 208W 
R Cordia globulifera I.M. Johnston ilisi 

R IIISI Mexico IIISI 
R Cordia guerkiana Loes. iiiss 

R IIISI Mexico - Oaxaca IIIS3 
E Cordia harrisii Urb. 20SS3, 13336 

E 20SS3 Jamaica (Trelawny. Hanover) 2088J 

V Cordia iberica Urban 5607 

V /9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
R Cordia igualensis Bartlett iiis3 

R IIISI Mexico • Guerrero 11183 

V Cordia intricata C. Wright 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Sancti Spirinis) 5607 
E Cordia lasiocalyx Pitt. 208S3. 9006 

I 20S83 Panama 20SS3 

I Cordia laula I.M. Johnston IIIS3 

I IIISI Mexico III83 

E Cordia leslieae J.S. Miller ;;675 

E IIISI Panama ;;675 

R Cordia liesneri J.S. MiUer /J866 

R IIISI Costa Rica ;5866 
E Cordia macvaughii James S. Miller 20SS3. IIISI 

R /;;s; Mexico 208Si 

I Cordia marchionica Drake 

I French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 

R Cordia obovata Half. f. 20SS4 

R 20884 Oman 2088J 
R 20884 Yemen - Socotra 20S84 
R 20884 Somalia (north-east) 20884 

I Cordia octandra a. dc. 

I India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) 

E Cordia rupicola Urban 20SS3, 15106 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 208SJ 
I 208S3 Bntish Virgin Is. (Anegada) 20883 

R Cordia scouleri Hook.f. 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos ////7 

I Cordia skutchii I.M. Johnston 9004 

I ;;m; Guatemala 9004 
R Cordia suckertii Chiov. 20884 

R 20884 Ethiopia 20884 



-80- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Cordia 

R 20SS4 Somalia (cenlral) 208S4 

V Cordia suffruticosa Borh. 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

R Cordia tacarcunensis J.S. Miller ii675 

R insi Panama 11675 
R Cordia tinifolia WUld. ex Roemer & Schultes niS3 

R nisi Mexico • Guerrero IIIS3 

V Cordia troyana Urb. 20ssi. 13336 

V 20883 Jamaica 20S83 

E Cordia van-hermannii Alain 5607 

E ;9;oj Cuba (Holgum) 5607 
E Cordia wagnerorum Howard 20883. 80ss 

V 19002 Pueno Rico 20883 

V Cryptantha abata I.M. Johnston 20«50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha atwoodii Higgins 20850 

R 20850 U.S. -Anzona 20850 

V Cryptantha bamebyi l.M. Johnston 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha caespitosa (A. Nels.) Payson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Colorado 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Cryptantha cinerea Higgjns & Welsh var. arenicola 

Higgins & Welsh 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Cryptantha clevelandii Greene 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Cryptantha clevelandii Greene var. dissita (I.M. 

Johnston) Jepson & Hoover 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Cryptantha compacta Higgins 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha corollata (I.M. Johnston) I.M. 

Johnston 20850 
i 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Cryptantha crassipes I.M. Johnston 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Cryptantha creutzfeldtii Welsh 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Cryptantha crinita Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Cryptantha dumetorum (Greene ex Gray) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha elata (Eastw.) Payson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Cryptantha ganderi l.M. Johnston 2088J. 20850. 8058 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
20883 Mexico 20883 

Cryptantha glomeriflora Greene 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 



R 
R 



Cryptantha grahamii l.M. Johnston 20S50 



R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
R Cryptantha hoffmannii I.M. Johnston 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Cryptantha inaequata I.M. Johnston 20850 

I 20850 US - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Cryptantha incana Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Ex/E Cryptantha insolita (J.F. Macbr.) Payson 20850. 

/■<662 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
E Cryptantha johnstonii Higgins 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Cryptantha jonesiana (Payson) Payson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha leiocarpa (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) 

Greene 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
1 20850 U.S. -Oregon 20850 

V Cryptantha leucophaea (Dougl. ex Lehm.) Payson 20850 
I 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Oregon 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Washington 20850 

R Cryptantha longiflora (A. Nels.) Payson 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha mensana (M.E. Jones) Payson 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Coloi3do 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha micrOStachys (Greene ex Gray) 

Greene 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Cryptantha milo-bakeri I.M. Johnston 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Cryptantha mohavensis (Greene) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Cryptantha muricata (Hook. & Am.) A. Nels. & J.F. 

Macbr. 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E Cryptantha muricata (Hook. & Am.) A.Nels. & J.F.Macbr. 

var. clokeyi (I.M.Johnston) 20850 
? 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Cryptantha nemaclada Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Cryptantha nubigena (Greene) Payson 20850 

Ex/E 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Cryptantha ochroleuca Higgins 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
R Cryptantha osterhoutii (Payson) Payson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 208S0 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cryptantha oxygona (Gray) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 



-81- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Cryptantha 
R Cryptantha paradoxa (A.. Nth.) Payson 20SSO 

I 20SiO U.S. - Colorado 20S50 

V 20S50 U.S. - New Mexico 20S50 
R 20850 U.S. - Ulah 20W0 

R Cryptantha paysonii (J.F. Macbr.) I.M. 

JohnstoD 20SS0 
R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20SS0 
E 20S50 U.S. - Texas 208S0 

V Cryptantha roosiorum Miinz 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Cryptantha salmonensis (A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.) 

Payson 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

E Cryptantha schoolcraftii Tiehm 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R Cryptantha scoparia A. Nels. 20S50 



R 
R 



E 
V 
E 
R 

R 
V 
V 
V 
V 
E 



20S50 U.S. . 
20850 U.S. ■ 
20850 U.S. . 
20850 U.S. ■ 



California 20850 
Colorado 20850 
Idaho 20850 
Montana 20850 



20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
20850 U.S. - Ulah 20850 
20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 
20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Cryptantha semiglabra Bameby 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Cryptantha similis Mathew & Raven 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Cryptantha sobolifera Payson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Cryptantha sparsiflora (Greene) Greene 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Cryptantha Stricta (Osterhout) Payson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Cryptantha subcapitata Dom & Lichvar 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Wyoming 20850 

Cryptantha traskiae I.M. Johnston 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Cryptantha welshii Thorne & Higgins 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Cynoglossum borbonicum Bory 10082 

R 10082 Reunion /0082 
Ex 2077/ Mauritius 70082 

Cynoglossum sphacioticum Boiss. & Heldr. 20, 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 2O7J0 

Cynoglossum troodi Lindb.f. 142m 

V 19164 Cyprus (Troodos) 14230 

Dasynotus daubenmirei I.M. Johoston 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
Echiostachys spicatus (Burm.f.) Levyns 2060.» 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20lSO< 
Echium acanthocarpum Svent. ;5J5S 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 19174 
Echium auberianum Webb & Berthel. ;75i0 

E /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 



V Echium bethencourtii Santos ;5/05 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

V Echium callithyrsum Webb ex BoUe ;5;o5 

V 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 

V Echium cantabricum (Lainz) Fernandez Casas & 

Lainz 11496 

V 11496 Spain II496 

R Echium canum Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

V Echium decaisnei Webb ssp. purpuriense 

Bramwell 

V Spain - Canary Is. 5SI4 

V Echium gentianoides Webb ex Coincy 14166 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

V Echium giganteum L.f. /5/05 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Echium handiense Svent. ;5;o5 

V 20750 Spain ■ Canary Is. /5;05 

V Echium hierrense Webb ex BoUe 15105 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Echium leucophaeum Webb ex Sprague & Hutch. 15105 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

V Echium onosmifolium Webb ssp. spectabile 

Kunkel 

V Spain - Canary Is. 

V Echium pininana Webb & Berthel. 15105 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

E Echium saetabense Peris, Figuerola & Stiihing 20692 

E 20692 Spain (near Ayora, Valencia province) 
20692 

R Echium scaettae Pampan. 

R Libya 

V Echium simplex DC. 15105 

V ;5/05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Echium strictum L.f. ssp. exasperatum (Webb ex 

Coincy) Bram. 

V Spain - Canary Is. 

R Echium strictum L.f. ssp. gomeraeum (Svent.) 

Bram. 
R Spain - Canary Is. 

V Echium sventenii D. Bramwell ;5;o5 

V 20750 Spam - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Echium triste Svent. ssp. nivariense (Svent.) 

Bram. 

V Spain - Canary Is. 

V Echium triste Svent. ssp. triste 15105 

V 15105 Spam • Canary Is. /5;05 
R Echium virescens DC. ;5;o5 

R ;5/05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Echium webbii Coincy ;5;o5 

R ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 
R Echium wildpretii H. Pearson ex Hook.f. 17530 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. I5I0S 

V Echium wildpretii H. Pearson ex Hook.f. ssp. 

trichosiphon (Svent.) Bram. ;5;05 

V /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Ehretia glandulosissima Verdc. 20556 

V 20885 Tanzania (Lindi Region) 20556 

R Ehretia grahamii Randell 20681 



-82- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Ehretia 

R 206SI Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

I Ehretia wightiana Wallich ei G. Don 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Tirunelveli District) 

I Eritrichium nanum (L.) Schrad. ex Gaudin ssp. 

jankae i7S23. 2oni 

I nS23 Czech Republic I7S23 
I I7S23 Slovakia nS23 

E Gyrocaryum oppositifolium Valdes mis 

E I9SIS Spain (Siena None de Sevilla) I9SI8 

V Hackelia brevicula (Jepson) j.l. Gentry 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hackelia ciliata (Dougl. ex Lehm.) I.M. 

Johnston 20850. 14430 
I 20850 Canada - Albena 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Washington 20450 

V Hackelia cronquistii J.L. Gentry 20«50 

E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Hackelia davisii Cronq. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V Hackelia diffusa (Dougl. ex Lehm.) LM. Johnston var. 

diffusa 20850. 14430 

V 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 
I 20S50 U.S. - Idaho 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Hackelia gracilenta (Eastw.) LM. Johnston 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R Hackelia hispida R.L. Carr var. disjuncta R.L. 

Carr 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Washington 20S50 
E Hackelia ibapensis L.& J. Shultz 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Hackelia ophiobia R.L. Carr 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20450 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 

V Hackelia patens J.L. Gentry var. harrisonii J.L. 

Gentry 20S50 

V 20450 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Hackelia venusta (Piper) St. John 20S50 

E 20450 U.S. - Washington 20850 

R Halacsya sendtneri (Boiss.) Dora. 20ns. 2oni 

R 20/74 Albania 20/74 
R 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Harpagonella palmeri Gray var. palmeri 20S50 

I 20450 U.S. - Arizona 204J0 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20450 

V Heliotropium anderssonii Robinson iiii? 

V Ecuador - Galapagos (Santa Cruz) II H7 

R Heliotropium anomalum Hook. & Am. 20850 

I 20450 U.S. ■ Hawaii 20850 

I Heliotropium bacciferum Forsk. var. suberosum 

(Clark) Bhandari 777/ 
I India - Gujarat (Kutch. north-east Rajastan) 

777/ 
I Pakistan (Sind) 777/ 

V Heliotropium dentatum Balf. f. 15534 



V 15534 Yemen - Socotra /55J.< 

V Heliotropium ferreyrae IM. Johnston I8200 

V 9446 Peru /4200 

I Heliotropium ferrugineogriseum Nab. I2840 

I 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Heliotropium guanicense Urban 2044J. 4054 

I 20883 Pueno Rico 2044J 

R Heliotropium haussknechtii Bunge 12840 

R /24'W Turkey 12840 

V Heliotropium marchionicum Decne. 204« 

V 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Eiao. Nuku 

Hiva) 20845 

R Heliotropium myriophyllum Urban 5607 

R /9/05 Cuba (Camaguey) 5607 

R Heliotropium odorum Balf. f. /55J4 

R 15534 Yemen - Socotra /55J< 
Ex Heliotropium pannifolium Burchell ex Hemsley 18996 

Ex /8996 Si Helena /8996 

V Heliotropium pilosum Ruiz Lopez & Pavon IS200 

V 9446 Peru /4200 

R Heliotropium serpylloides Griseb. 5607 

R /9/05 Cuba (SC; Gu) 5607 

R Lappula echinophora (Pall.) Kuntze 20/7/ 

R former European USSR 

R Lappula glabrata Popov 

R former USSR 69J0 

R Lepidocordia williamsii (LM. Johnston) J.S. 

Miller /6826 
R /6426 Nicaragua /6826 
Ex Lindelofia angustifolia (Schrenk) A. Brand. 69jo 

Ex 69J0 former USSR 69J0 
E Uthodora nitida (Em) R.Fern. 4000, 20/7/ 

E 19174 Spain (Sierra Magma) 11496 
R Uthodora zahnii (Heldr. ex Halacsy) 

LM.Johnst. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

V Lithospermum confine l.M. Johnston 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20450 

I 20450 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Lithospermum goulandriorum Rech.f. 

R Greece 

E Lobostemon bolusii Levycs 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Lobostemon capitatus (L.) H.Buek 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Lobostemon collinus Schltr. ex C.H.Wrighi 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Lobostemon hottentoticus Levyns 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Lobostemon regulareflorus (Ker Gawl.) Buys 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

E Macromeria alba Nesom 20883 

E 20883 Mexico 2088J 

R Mattiastrum lithospermifolium (Lam.) Brand 20/7/ 

R Greece 

V Mertensia cusickii Piper 204.50 

I 20450 U.S. - California 20450 
I 20450 U.S. - Idaho 20850 



-83- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Mertensia 

V 20S50 U.S. ■ Nevada 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20S50 

V Mertensia drummondii (Lehm.) G. Don 20S50. 6796. 

21309 

E 20aS0 Canada - Franklin 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Yukon Territory 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

R Mertensia macdougalii Heller 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

R Mertensia paniculata (Ait.) G. Don var. eastwoodiae 

(J.F. Macbr.) Hulten 20SJ0 
I 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 
R 20S50 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

V Mertensia platyphylla Heller 20S50 

I 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

R Mertensia pterocarpa (Turcz.) Taiew. & Ohwi ;057J 

R ;057i Japan /057i 
R Moltkia doerfleri Wcttst. 20178,20171 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 
R Moltkia suffruticosa (L.) Brand /S26.(, 20/7/ 

R ;826< Italy (Veneto. Tuscany) ;S26.< 

R Myosotidium hortensia (Decne.) Baillon S6 

R ;W05 New Zealand - Chatham Is. 19106 

E Myosotis albo-sericea Hook.f. 86 

E 19305 New Zealand - South Is. 19305 
R Myosotis amabilis Cheeseman 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

R Myosotis ambigens (Beg.) Grau 20; 7; 

R Italy 

R Myosotis azorica H.c.Watson 8000 20171 

R Portugal - Azores 8000 

V Myosotis colensoi (Kirk) J.F. Macbr. 86 

V ;W05 New Zealand - South Is. /9J05 
R Myosotis concinna Cheeseman /W05 

R ;W05 New Zealand ■ South Is. ;W05 
I Myosotis czekanowskii (Trautv.) Kamelin & V. 

Tikhom. 5942 

I 5942 Russia (Sibena) - Yakutiya (north) 5942 
R Myosotis gallicaVestergT. 20171 

R France (south-east) 

R Myosotis laeta Cheeseman /9i05 

R /W05 New Zealand - South Is. /W05 

V Myosotis lusitanica R.Scbust. sooo. 2oni 

V 20076 Pomigal 8000 

R Myosotis macrosiphon Font Quer & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Myosotis matthewsii L. Moore /9jo5 

R /9J05 New Zealand - North Is. /9i05 

V Myosotis oreophila Peirie ;9J05 

V ;9J05 New Zealand - Soudi Is. ;9J05 

Ex Myosotis petiolata Hook.f. var. pottsiana L. 

Moore 

Ex New Zealand - North Is. 

R Myosotis platyphylla Boiss. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

E Myosotis rehsteineri Wartm. 14229. 20171 

E Austria 

E 20640 Germany 206« 



E 18264 Italy (Piedmont, Lombardy) 19997 
E 14229 Liechtenstein /'<229 
E 18154 Switzerland 18154 

E Myosotis retusifolia R. Afonso 20076 

E 20076 Portugal 20076 

E Myosotis ruscinonensis Rouy 14166. 20171 

E 14188 France (south) 14188 
E Myosotis SOlange Grenter & Zaffan I9I2I 

E 207JO Greece - Crete 20730 

R Myosotis transsylvanica Porcius sooo. 201 7; 

R 79607 Romania 8000 
Ex Myosotis traversii Hook.f. var. cinerascens 

(Petrie) L. Moore 19305 
Ex 19305 New Zealand - South Is. /9i05 

E Nesocaryum stylosum (Philippi) I.M. Johnston 5595 

E 19534 Chile - Islas Desvennirados 5595 

R Nomosa rosei I.M. Johnston II 181 

R 11181 Mexico - Durango 1 1 181 

I Nonea anomala Hausskn. & Bomm. 12840 

I 12840 Turkey 12840 

I Noma karsensis M. Popov ;28<o 

I 12840 Turkey ;2S*5 

R Nonea pulmonarioides Boiss. & Bal. i284o 

R /2840 Turkey ;28«) 

R Nonea vivianii \. DC. ;o27o 

R Egypt (W.Med, coast) ;0269 

R Libya 10270 

R Omphalodes brassicifolia (Lag.) Svtet 20171 

R 20660 Spain (Cadiz, Malaga) 2066/ 
R Omphalodes chiangii Higgins 9094 

R 909.< Mexico - Coahuila 9094 

I Omphalodes commutata G. Lopez 20660 

I 20660 Spam (Cadiz. Malaga) 2066/ 

R Omphalodes davisana Kit Tan & Sorger /2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 

R Omphalodes laevisperma Nakai ;o57i 

R ;057J Japan ;057i 

V Omphalodes littoralis Lehm. 20/7; 

V 20528 France (west coast) 20528 

E Omphalodes littoralis Lehm. ssp. gallaecica M. 

Lainz 10270 
E 2087< Spain (north-west) 70270 
R Omphalodes pavoniana Koiss. 20171 

R Spain 

V Omphalodes prolifera Ohwi ;o57j 

V )057J Japan y057J 

R Omphalodes ripleyana Davis ;2S4o 

R J2S«) Turkey ;2S.<0 
Ex Onosma affine Hausskn. ex H. Rield 12840 

Ex 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Onosma angustissimum Hausskn. & Bonun. 12840 

R ;28«) Turkey 12840 
R Onosma arcuatum H. Rield ;28«) 

R ;28«) Turkey 12840 
R Onosma argentatum Huber-Mor. I2840 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Onosma bozakmanii H. Riedl ;28«) 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 

R Onosma briquetii Czecz. ;28'»o 



-84- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Onosma 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Onosma bubanii Stroh 20/7; 

R Spain 

R Onosma caespitosum Kotschy 14230 

R 19164 Cypnis (Northern Range) 14230 
R Onosma cappadocicum Siehe ex H. Riedl 12840 

R /2S-«) Turkey 12840 
R Onosma cyrenaicum E. Dur. & G. Barratte 

R Libya 

R Onosma davisii H. Reidl ;2««) 

R ;2S-«) Turkey 12840 

Ex Onosma discedens Hausskn. ex Bomm. 12840 

Ex ;28«) Turkey 12840 

V Onosma elegantissima Rech.f. & GouUmy 2o;7; 

V 19121 Greece - Crete ;9;2; 

R Onosma euboica Rech.f. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Onosma fastigiata (Braun-Blanq.) Braun-Blanq. ex 

Lacaita 8000. 201 7t 
R France (south) 8000 

R Italy (north-west) 8000 

E Onosma fastigiata (Br.-Bl.) Lacaita ssp. atlantica 

Br.-Bl. ex Kerguelen 20S28. 20528 
E 20528 France (west) 20528 

V Onosma halophilum Boiss. & Heldr. I2840 

V ;2«'K) Turkey ;2840 

R Onosma helleri Greuter & Burdet 12840 

R /2S.K) Turkey 12840 

R Onosma intertextum Huber-Mor. ;2«.«i 

R ;2S40 Turkey /2S«) 
R Onosma leptantha Heldr. 20/7; 

R Greece 

I Onosma linearilobum Hausskn. ex H. Riedl 12840 

I I2S40 Turkey /2840 

R Onosma liparioides DC. ;2S«) 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Onosma lycaonicum Huber-Mor. 12840 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Onosma neglectum H. Reidl /284o 

R ;2S«) Turkey /2S40 

R Onosma nigricaula H. Riedl y2s«) 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Onosma obtusifolium Hausskn. & Sinl. ex Bomm. 12840 

R ;2«-«) Turkey ;2S«) 

I Onosma papillosum H. Riedl. 12840 

I ;2S«) Turkey ;2S«) 

R Onosma polyanthum DC. ;28«) 

R ;28«) Turkey ;2S-K) 

I Onosma polyphyllaLedtb. 5942. 20171 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus (north) 5942 
I 5942 Ukraine - Cnmea 5942 

R Onosma proballanlherumRecb.l. 12840 

R ;28<«) Turkey 12840 
E Onosma proponticum Azna\. 12840 

E /28.«) Turkey ;2S«) 

V Onosma psammophila Rech.f. & Riedl 

V Greece 

E Onosma pseudarenariaScbur 8000. 20171 



E 8000 Romania 8000 

R Onosma pseudoarenaria Schur ssp. delphinensis 

(Br.-EI.) P. Foum. 20528 
R 20528 Italy 20528 

R Onosma pulchrum H. Riedl ;2S4o 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Onosma rhodopea Velen. 

I Bulgana 

R Greece 

R Onosma rutilum Ruber- Mor. /28'W 

R ;2840 Turkey ;2S«) 

R Onosma sieheanum Hayek /28'M) 

R ;2S.«) Turkey ;2S.«) 
R Onosma sintenisii Hausskn. ex Bomm. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /28.«) 
R Onosma sorgeri Teppner var. sorgeri 12840 

R ;28«) Turkey 12S40 

R Onosma strigosissimum Boiss. ;28'«) 

R ;28«) Turkey /2S.«) 

R Onosma subulifolium Riedl /2S4o 

R /2S40 Turkey ;2S«) 

I Onosma taygetea Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7/ 

I Greece 

I Onosma tomensis Jiv. 8OOO. 20171 

E 19710 Hungary (north) 695/ 

I ;97;o Slovakia (south-east) 695/ 

R Onosma troodi Kotschy 14230 

R 19164 Cypnis (Troodos) 14230 
I Onosma tschichatschevii Popov /28«) 

I 12840 Turkey ;28*) 
R Onosma velutinum Boiss. ;2S«) 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Onosmodium helleri Small 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Onosmodium molle Michaux ssp. bejanense (DC. ex 

A. DC.) Cochrane 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Onosmodium molle Michaux ssp. molle 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Illinois 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • Kentucky 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Missoun 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

R Paracaryum amani (Rchb.f.) R. Mill 12840 

R ;2««) Turkey /28J0 
R Paracaryum artvinense R. Mill ;28-«) 

R ;2S«) Turkey ;28«l 

I Paracaryum coelastinum (Lindley) Benth. 

I India - Kamataka 

R Paracaryum corymbiforme (DC. & A. DC.) Boiss. 12840 

R ;28-«) Turkey 12840 
R Paracaryum erysimifolium Boiss. ;28.«) 

R ;28«) Turkey 12840 

R Paracaryum kurdistanicum (Brand) R. Mill /28.«o 

R /28.<0 Turkey 12840 
I Paracaryum leptophyllum (A. DC.) Boiss. /28<o 

I 12840 Turkey ;28-«) 

R Paracaryum lithospermifolium (Lam.) Grande var. 

erectum R. Mill. ;28-<o 
R ;28.«) Turkey 12S40 



-85- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Paracaryum 



I 



Ex 



Ex/E 



Ex/E 



Paracaryum malabaricum C.B. Clarke 

I India - Kamataka (Canara & Mysore) 

Paracaryum paphlagonicum (Bomm.) R. Mill I2S40 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

Paracaryum polycarpum (Rech.f.) R. Mill I2S40 
R I2S-I0 Turkey I2S40 
Paracaryum reuteri Boiss. & Hausskn. I2S40 
R ;2«40 Turkey 12840 
Paracaryum shepardii Post & Beauv. 12840 
R /2«.«) Turkey 12840 

Paracaryum stenolophum Boiss. i284o 

R /2S-I0 Turkey /JS'W) 

Paraskevia cesatiana (Fenzl & Friedr.) w. & G. Sauer 

R Greece 

Perittostema pinetorum l.M. Johnston iiisi 

R III8I Mexico IIISI 

Plagiobothrys chorisianus (Cham.) I.M. 

Johnston 20850 
1 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
Plagiobothrys chorisianus (Cham.) I.M. Johnston var. 
chorisianus 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. -California 20850 
Plagiobothrys diffusus (Greene) I.M. Johnston 20850. 

14662 
Ex 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
Plagiobothrys distantiflorus (Piper) I.M. Johnston ex M.E. 

Peck 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Plagiobothrys figuratUS (Piper) I.M. Johnston ex M.E. Peck 

ssp. COrallicarpuS (Piper) Chambers 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
Plagiobothrys glaber (Gray) I.M. Johnston 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Plagiobothrys glomeratus Gray 20850 



Ex/E 



Ex/E 



Ex/E 



Ex 



20«0 U.S. 
20*50 U.S. 



California 20850 
Nevada 20850 



Plagiobothrys glyptOCarpus (Piper) I.M. Johnston var. 

modestUS I.M. Johnston 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Plagiobothrys hirtUS (Greene) I.M. Johnston 20S50 
E 20850 U.S. • Oregon 208.50 
Plagiobothrys humistratus (Greene) I.M. 

Johnston 20850 
I 20850 U.S. . California 20850 
Plagiobothrys hystriculus (Piper) I.M. 

Johnston 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

Plagiobothrys lamprocarpus (Piper) I.M. 

Johnston 20850. 14662 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 

Plagiobothrys lithocaryus (Greene ex Gray) I.M. 

Johnston 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Plagiobothrys mollis (A. Gray) I.M. Johnston var. 

vestitUS (Greene) I.M. Johnston 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Plagiobothrys parishii I.M. Johnston 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 



R Plagiobothrys ScriptUS (Greene) I.M. Johnston 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Plagiobothrys StrictUS (Greene) I.M. Johnston 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Plagiobothrys uncinatus J.T. Howell 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I Podonosma galalensis Schwemf. ex Boiss. 16168 

I 16168 Egypt (Galala Desert) 16168 

R Procopiania circinalis (Runemark) Pawl. 

R Greece 

R Procopiania insularis Pawl. 207j/ 

R Greece 

R PulmonariafilarszkyanaJav. 1 7762. 20171 

R 206J/ Romania 206j; 

V former European USSR 

R /findera graeca (A.DC.) Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Rindera gymnandra (Coss.) Gucrke I048S 

R 14958 Algeria ;0'/88 

R Rochefortia acrantha Urb. 20S8J. ;5jj« 

R /ii56 Jamaica 20885 

V Rochefortia oblongata Urban & Ekman 5607 

V /9/05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

V Selkirkia berteroi (CoUa) Hemsley ;si/;6 

V /9/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. I9II6 

R Solenanthus albanicus (Degen & Bald.) Degen & 

Bald. 8000. 20171 
R 20/78 Albania 8000 
E Greece 8000 

R Solenanthus atlanticus Pitard 

R Morocco 

R Solenanthus formosus R. Mill I2840 

R /2S*) Turkey ;28.«) 

R Solenanthus pindicus Alden 

R Greece 

E Solenanthus reverchonii Degen 19818. 20171 

E 19818 Spain (Jaen & Granada) /98/8 

R Solenanthus scardicus Bornm. 2o;7S, 20171 

V 20/78 Albania 20/78 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Solenanthus tubiflorus Murb. 

R Algeria 

R Tunisia 

E Symphytum cycladense Pawl sooo. 20/ 7/ 

E Greece (S. Aegean region) 8000 

R Symphytum davisiiv/Kkens 20171 

R Greece 

R Symphytum gussonei F.W.Schultz 20/7; 

R 19164 Italy - Sicily /9/64 
R Symphytum icaricum Pawl. 

R Greece 

R Symphytum longipetiolatum wickens i284o 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

R Symphytum longisetum Huber-Mor. & wickens 12840 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Symphytum naxicola Pawl 20/7; 

R Greece 

V Symphytum pseudobulbosum Asnav ;28«) 

V ;28«) Turkey 12840 



-86- 



The 1997 ItJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Boraginaceae: Symphytum 

R Symphytum savvalense Kurtto I2840 

R 12840 Turkey I2S40 
R Symphytum sylvaticum Boiss. I2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

I Tianschaniella umbellulifera B. Fedtsch. ex 

Popov 5942 
I 5942 Kyrgyzsian 5942 
E Tiquilia ferreyrae (I.M. Johnston) A. 

Richardson 18200 
E 9446 Peru ;8200 

E Toumefortia arborescens Lam. ;oo«2 

E /•(iJ'l Reunion 10082 

E Toumefortia bojeri A. DC. ;oo82 

E /•(ZJ'* Reunion 14234 
Ex 2077; Mauntms 10082 

R Toumefortia brenesii Standley 9037 

R ;;/«; Costa Rica 9037 
R ;;;«/ Panama ;07'»7 

R Toumefortia longispical.s.MUleT ii67s 

R ;;;s; Panama ;;675 
R Toumefortia multiflora J.s. MiUcr ;/675 

R ;;;«; Panama 11675 

V Toumefortia roxburghii Clarke /■»872 

V ;.<S72 Bangladesh 14872 

V Toumefortia smaragdina Proctor 20883. 13336 

V ;jiJ(S Jamaica 20883 

R Toumefortia staminea Griseb. 20883 

R 20SW Jamaica 20SSJ 

R Toumefortia urceolata J.S. Miller ;;675 

R ;;;«; Panama ;;675 

V Trichodesma scottii Balf.f. ;55j.( 

V 15534 Yemen - Socotra (Hajhir & Majhah) 15534 
R Trigonotis ikumae Makino 10573 

R 10573 Japan ;057J 
R Trigonotis nankotaizanensis (Sasaki) Masamime & Ohwi ex 

Masamune 2051! 

R 203/; Taiwan 20511 
I Wellstedia socotrana Balf. f. /55i4 



I 



/«J4 Yemen - Socotra I5S34 
15534 Somalia 15534 



Bretschneideraceae 

Number of genera: 1 

Number of species: 1 

Recorded threatened species: 1 (100%) 

Mountains of western and southwestern China. 

R Bretschneidera sinensis Heiasley mi 7 

R ;76/7 China - Fujian 11139 

R ; 76; 7 China - Guangdong 11139 

R 17617 China - Guangxi 11139 

R ;76;7 China-Guizhou 11139 

R ;76;7 Chma ■ Hubei 11139 

R ;76/7 China - Hunan 11139 

R ;76;7 China - Jiangxi 11139 

R ;76;7 Chma - Sichuan 11139 

R ;76;7 China - Yunnan 11139 

R ;7i5;7 China -Zhejiang 11)39 
R Taiwan (Taibei) 11139 

I 20985 Vietnam (Lai Chau) 6057 



Brunelliaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical America. 



1 
62 
57 



(91%) 



E Brunellia acostae Cuatrecasas 2088J 

1 20883 Ecuador 20883 

E Brunellia almaguerensis Cuatrecasas 20883, 19353 

I 19352 Colombia 20883 

V Brunellia antioquensis (Cuatrecasas) 

Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 2088J Colombia 2088J 

R Brunellia boliviano Britton ex Rusby 2088i 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

E Brunellia boliviano Britton ex Rusby var. 

boliviano 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 2088J 

R Brunellia boliviana Britton ex Rusby var. brittonii 

Cuatrecasas 2088J 
1 2088J Bolivia 20883 

E Brunellia boqueronensis Cuatrecasas 2088j 

I 20883 Colombia 20S8i 

E Brunellia briquetii Baehni 2088J 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

E Brunellia brunnea Macbride 20883 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

V Brunellia bullala Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

E Brunellia carpishensis Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20S8J Peru 20883 

V Brunellia cayambensis Cuatrecasas zossj 

I 2O88J Ecuador 20883 

E Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

boyacensis Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

comocladifolia 20S83 

I 20883 Colombia 2088i 
I 20883 Ecuador 2088J 

R Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

CUbensis Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Cuba 20883 

V Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

cundinamarcensis Cuatrecasas 2O88J 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

domingensis Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20S8J Dominican Republic 20883 



20883 Haiti 20SSi 
20883 Pueno Rico 208Si 

Mexico 21008 

Peru 2;008 



Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

guadalupensis Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 208SJ Guadeloupe 20S8i 
Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 

josephensis Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 

Brunellia comocladifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ssp. 



-87- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Brunelliaceae: BrunelUa 

ptariana (Steyeraiark) Cuatrecasas 20SS3 
I 208S3 Venezuela 20883 
E BrunelUa coroicoana Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

E BrunelUa cualrecasana Orozco 20883. 19353 

I 19353 Colombia 20883 

E BrunelUa CUlervensis Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

E BrunelUa cuzcoensis Cuatrecasas 20883 

1 20883 Pern 20883 

V BrunelUa darienensis Cuair. & Porter 2ossi 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

? Colombia (Cordillera del Danen) 21093 

E BrunelUa dichapetaloides Macbride 20883 

I 20883 Peru 2tWW 

E BrunelUa diversifolia Orozco 20ssj. ;9i5j 

I 19353 Colombia 20883 

V BrunelUa dulcis Macbride 20S83 
I 20««J Peru 20883 

E BrunelUa ecuadoriensis Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20SSJ Ecuador 20883 
E BrunelUa elliptica Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20SSJ Colombia 20SSJ 
E BrunelUa espinaUi Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

V BrunelUa farallonensis Cimtrecus^ 20883 

I 20«W Colombia 20883 
E BrunelUa foreroi Orozco 2088i. ;9J5J 

I ;9J5J Colombia 20SSJ 
E BrunelUa gentryi Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

E BrunelUa glabra Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20SS3 
R BrunelUa goudotii Tulasne 20883 

I 2088i Colombia 20883 

E BrunelUa hexasepala Loesener 2oss3 

I 2O88J Peru 20883 
E BrunelUa hiltyana Cuatrecasas 20883. 19353 

I ;W5J Colombia 20883 
E BrunelUa hygrothermica Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 208SJ Colombia 20S8J 

R BrunelUa inermis Ruiz & Pavon 20883 

I 2088i Peru 20883 

V BrunelUa integrifolia ssp. moWi's (Cuatrecasas) 

Cuatrecasas 2088J 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

E BrunelUa latifolia Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 2088J Colombia 20883 

V BrunelUa littlei Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 2088J Colombia 20883 

E BrunelUa littlei Cuatrecasas ssp. caucana 

Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20S8i 

V BrunelUa littlei Cuatrecasas ssp. 

littlei 20883 
I 2088J Colombia 20883 

V BrunelUa macrophylla Killip & Cuatrecasas 20883 

1 2O88J Colombia 2088J 



V 
V 
E 
R 
V 
E 
V 
R 
R 



V 
V 
E 
E 
R 

R 
V 
R 
V 
V 
V 
R 

E 
R 
E 



BrunelUa morii Cuatrecasas 21093 

I 2088J Panama 2088J 
BrunelUa OCCidentalis Cuatrecasas 20883. 19353 

E ;9J52 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa oliveri Britton 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

BrunelUa ovalifoUa Humboldt & Bonpland 20883 

I 2088i Ecuador 20SSJ 

BrunelUa pallida Cuatrecasas 2088i 

I 2088J Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa penderiscana Cuatrecasas 2oss3 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa pitayensis Cuatrecasas 20883. 19353 

I 19353 Colombia 2088J 

BrunelUa propinqua Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa propinqua Humboldt, Bonpland & Kimth ssp. 
propinqua 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 2088J 

BrunelUa propinqua Humboldt, Bonpland & Kimth ssp. 

susaconensis Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa putumayensis Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa racemifera Tulasne 2088J 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa rhoides Rusby 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

BrunelUa rufa KUlip & Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 2088J 

BrunelUa sibundoya ssp. sebastopola 

Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa sibundoya ssp. sibundoya 20883 

I 2O88J Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa standleyana Cuatrecasas 2088J, 9426 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 

BrunelUa stenopt^ra Diels 20ssj 

I 20883 Ecuador 2088J 

BrunelUa stuebelii Hieronymous 20883 

I 2OS8J Colombia 20883 
BrunelUa subsessilis Killip & Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 2088J Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa trianae Cuatrecasas 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 2088J 
BrunelUa trigyna Cuatrecasas 20883 



20883 Colombia 20883 
20883 Venezuela 2088^ 



BrunelUa velutina Cuatrecasas 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

BrunelUa weberbaueri Loesener 20883 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

BrunelUa zamorensis Steyermark 20883 

I 20883 Ecuador 20883 



-88- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Bruniaceae: Audouinia 

Bruniaceae 

Number of genera: 12-18,289 

Number of species: 75 

Recorded threatened species: 17 (22%) 

South Africa and Natal. 

V Audouinia capitata (L.) Brongn. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Berzelia dregeana Colozza 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Berzelia ecklonii Pillans 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Brunia macrocephala WUld. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Lonchostoma esterhuyseniae Strid 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Lonchostoma purpureum Pillans 20604 

R 2060'» South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Pseudobaeckea stokoei Pillans 20604 

R ZOeo-f South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Raspalia bamardii Pillans 20604 

I 2060'* South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Raspalia schlechteri Dummer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 2060< 
E Raspalia trigyna (Schltr.) Dummer 20604, IS289 

E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

E 20604 South Africa - Natal (sandstone region in southern 
Natal) 20604 

Ex Staavia brownii Dummer 20604 

Ex 20604 Soudi Africa - Cape Ftovince 20604 

R Staavia dodii Bolus 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

E Staavia dregeana C.PresI 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Staavia glutinosa (L.) Dahl 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Staavia phylicoides Pillans 20604 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Staavia verticillata (L.f.) puians 20604 

1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

E Staavia zeyheri Sond. 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Thamnea depressa Oliv. 20604, 6iso 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Thamnea gracilis (Kunue) Oliv. 20604 

1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Thamnea hirtella Oliv. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
Ex Thamnea uniflora Sol. ex Brongn. 20604. 6iso 

Ex 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Buddlejaceae 

Number of genera: 10 

Number of species : 15 

Recorded threatened species: 14 (9%) 

Mainly tropical and subtropical. 

I Adenoplusia uluguruensis Melchior 7959 

1 5926 Tanzania (Morogoro Distl.) 7959 



R Buddleja chaplana Robinson Ii98i 

R 20/55 Mexico - Jalisco 20/55 
R Buddleja corrugata Jones II9SI 

R nni Mexico 1 1981 

V Buddleja formosana Hatusima 20S54 

V 20S54 Taiwan 20854 

I Buddleja ibarrensis Norman 11351 

I 79556 Ecuador II15I 
R Buddleja jamesonii Bentb. 11351 

R ;9556 Ecuador II35I 

R Buddleja lanata Bentb. /;j5/ 

R 19556 Ecuador II3SI 

R Buddleja lojensis Norman //J5; 

R 79556 Ecuador II35I 

V Buddleja longifolia Hunt.,bonpl.& Kunth. 11351 

V 79556 Ecuador 79556 

V 79556 Peru /8200 

R Buddleja polycephalaKuntb 11351 

R 18200 Peru 18200 

R Emorya suaveolens Torr. 20850 

E 20*50 US. - Texas 20850 
R A'luria glomerulata (C.A.Sm.) I.Verd. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 
R Peltanthera floribunda Benth. 7755/ 

R 7755/ Costa Rica 7755/ 

R 7755/ Panama 7755/ 

R 77J57 Bolivia 7/557 

R /755/ Colombia //J5/ 

R Ecuador 

R 18200 Peru //J5/ 

R Sanango racemosum (Ruiz Lopez & Pavon) 

Barringer //557 
R 78200 Peru 7/J57 

Burseraceae 

Number of genera: 16-20 

Number of species: 600 

Recorded threatened species : 80 (13%) 

Pantropical, especially tropical America and Northeast 
Africa. 



R 

E 

E 

I 

R 



Beiselia mexicana Forman /076« 

R /0/68 Mexico - Michoacan 10168 

Boswellia nana Hepper /55J4 

E 15534 Yemen - Socotra /55J4 

Boswellia ogadensis VoUesen 19704 

E /9704 Eduopia (Harerge) 79704 
Boswellia ovalifoliolata Balakr. & A.N. Henry 

I India - Andhra Pradesh 

Boswellia pirottae Ctuoy. 19704 

R 79704 Ediiopia (Gonder, Gojam, Wello Upland, Shewa Upland, 
Kefa.) 79704 

Bursera arborea (Rose) Riley 97/4 
Mexico - Colima 27252 
Durango 27252 
Michoacan 21232 
Nayarit 27252 
Oaxaca 2/252 
Sinaloa 77559 



Mexico - 
Mexico - 
Mexico - 
Mexico - 
79850 Mexico ■ 



R 
E 



Bursera aromatica Proctor 20883. 13336 

R 7JJJ6 Jamaica 208SJ 

Bursera hollickii (Britton) F. & R. 75556 



-89- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Burseraceae: Bursera 

E US36 Jamaica /3JJ6 
R Bursera lunanii (Spreng) Adams & Dandy 20SS3 

R 20SS3 Jamaica 20SS3 
R Bursera malacophylla Robinson 1 1 1 1 7 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

R Canarium harveyi Seem. var. 

novaehebridense Nsoo 

R I4S0O Solomon Is - Santa Cmz Is 14800 

R 14800 Vanuatu (Banks group) 14800 

I Canarium luzonicum (Blume) A.Gray 20676, /J7S0 

I Philippines 13780 

V Canarium paniculatum (Lam.) Bentb. 10082 

V 2077/ Maunnus 10082 

I Canarium perlisanum Leenh. 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia {Perils) 

E Canarium whitei Guillaumin 20893 

E 20893 New Caledonia 20893 

V Canarium zeylanicum Blume ;o276 

V 12838 Sri Lanka /0276 

R Commiphora alata Chiov. 208<<) 

R 208«4 Somalia (souUl) 208W 
R Commiphora chaelocarpa J.B.Gilleit 20087 

R 20087 Kenya 20057 

R 20884 Somalia (central) I743S 

R Commiphora ciliata Voliesen 20087 

R 20057 Ediiopia (southern) 17435 
R 20057 Kenya 20057 
R 208S4 Somalia (central & soudi) 20884 

R Commiphora corrugala J.B.GUIett & K.VoUesen 2088-* 

R 2088-* Ethiopia 2088-* 
R 2088'* Kenya 20884 
R 20884 Somalia (central & south) 208S4 

E Commiphora monoica VoUesen 20087 

E 19704 Ethiopia (Bale) 19704 
R Commiphora obovata Chiov. 20556 

R 20SS4 Ethiopia 20556 
R 2088-( Kenya 20556 
R 20884 Somalia (north & central) 20556 

R Commiphora planifrons (Half, f.) Eng]. IS534 

R /55J'» Yemen - Socotra ;55J'» 
R Commiphora pseudopaolii J.B.GUIett 20087 

R 20884 Kenya 20057 

R 20SS4 Somalia (central & south) 20884 

R Commiphora sulcata Chiov. 20884 

R 20884 Somalia (north & central) 20884 
R Commiphora swynnertonii B.D. Burtt 20087 

R 20057 Kenya 20057 

R 20057 Tanzania (Mkiltke nver; Mpwapwa. Kilimalindi) 
;74J5 

R Commiphora unilobata J.B.GUIett & K.VoUesen 20884 

R 20884 Ediiopia 20884 
R 20884 Kenya 20884 
R 20884 Somalia (central & south) 20884 

V Crepidospermum cuneifolium (Cuatrec.) Daly ;;559 

V ;;559 Colombia /;559 

V Crepidospermum multijugum Swart ;/559 

V ;;559 Pern 11559 

R Dacryodes acutipyrena Cuatrec. ;/559 

R /;559 Colombia ;;559 
R Dacryodes belemensis Cuatrec. ;;559 

R ;;559 Brazil ;;559 



R 
R 
E 

R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 

I 
R 



R 
R 
R 
E 
R 

R 
R 



Dacryodes colombiana Cuatrec. ;;559 

R ;/559 Colombia /;559 

Dacryodes cupularis Cuatrec. ;;559 

R 11559 Colombia 7/559 

Dacryodes cuspidata (Cuatrec.) Daly 20883, 11559 
I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R ;;559 Colombia 11559 
I 2088J Venezuela 2088J 

Dacryodes glabra (Steyerm.) Cuatrec. 7/559 
R //559 Venezuela //559 
Dacryodes granatensis CvairK. 11559 

R //559 Colombia 11559 

Dacryodes kukachkana L.o. woiiams 11559 

R //559 Brazil //559 
R 11559 Peru //559 

Dacryodes olivifera Cuatrec. /;559 

R ;/559 Colombia 11559 
Dacryodes paracusis Cuatrec. 11559 
R 11559 Brazil /;559 

Dacryodes roraimensis Cuatrec. //559 
R //559 Venezuela 11559 
Dacryodes steyermarkii Sandw. 11559 

R /;559 Venezuela //559 
Protium amplum Cuatrec. //559 

R ;;559 Colombia //559 
Protium araguense Cuatrec. //559 

R ;/559 Venezuela //559 

Protium buenaventurense Cuatrec. 11559 

R ;/559 Colombia //559 
Protium carolense Daly //559 

R 11559 Brazil ;/559 

R /;559 Venezuela //559 

Protium connarifolium (Perk.) Merr. 13833 
I 13833 Philippines (low altitude) 13833 

Protium crassipetalum Cuatrec. //559 
R //559 Guyana //559 
R ;/559 Venezuela //559 

Protium demerarense Sandw. 11559 

R 11559 Brazil //559 

R //559 French Guiana //559 

R //559 Guyana //559 

Protium gigantum Engl. var. crassifolium (Engl.) 

Daly ;/559 
R //559 Brazil 11559 
R 11559 French Guiana 8679 
R 11559 Sunname 8679 

Protium glomerulosum Cuatrec. //559 

R //559 Colombia //559 
Protium guacayanum Cuatrec. 11559 

R 11559 Colombia //559 
Protium icicariba (DC.) Marchand //559 

R ;/559 Brazil //559 

Protium inconforme Pitt. 208S3. 9006 

I 2088.) Panama 20883 
Protium kleinii Cuatrec. //559 

R 11559 Brazil //559 

I //559 Brazil -Rio Grande do Sul 20J// 

I //559 Brazil - Santa Catarina 20J/0 

Protium laxiflorum Engl. //559 

R 11559 Brazil //559 
Protium llanorum Cuatrec. 11559 



-90- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoljopsida (dicots): Burseraceae: Protium 

R nsS9 Colombia II5S9 
R Protium macrocarpum Cuatrec. in59 

R 11559 Colombia ]]559 

R 11559 Ecuador l]559 

R Protium macrophyllum (Kimth) Engl. 11559 

R 11559 Colombia 11559 
R l}559 Peru 11559 
R 11559 Venezuela U559 

R Protium macrosepalum Swart 11559 

R 11559 Venezuela 11559 

E Protium melinonis Engl. 11559 

E ;;«9 French Guiana 11559 

R Protium minutiflorum Cuatrec. 11559 

R ;;559 Colombia ;;559 

R Protium montanum Swart ;/559 

R 11559 Bolivia ;;559 

R Protium nervosum Cuatrec. 11559 

R 11559 Colombia 11559 

V Protium nitidifolium (Cuatrec.) Daly 20SS3 

I 208S3 Brazil 208W 
I 20SSJ Peru 2088i 

R Protium opacum Swart ssp. exagerratum 

Daly /;«9 
R ;;559 Venezuela /;559 

V Protium pilosum (Cuatrec.) Daly 20B83 

I 2088J Brazil 20«W 
R Protium pittieri (Rose) EBg>. 11559 

R ;;559 Costa Rica 11559 
R ;;559 Panama 11559 

R Protium ptarianum Steryenn. 11559 

R ;;559 Venezuela ;;J59 

R Protium puncticulatum Macbr. /;5J9 

R ;;5J9 Bolivia ;;559 
R 11559 Brazil ;;559 
R ;y559 Peru 11559 

R Protium reticulatum Engl. 

R Brazil 

R Venezuela 

V Protium tenuifotium ssp. mehodii (I. M. Johnst.) D. 

M. Porter 21093 
V 208W Panama 208S3 

R Protium tenuifolium ssp. sessiliflorum (Rose) D. M. 

Porter 2;09i 
? Costa Rica 2/09i 

? Honduras 2;09J 

? Nicaragua 21093 

R 20883 Panama 20883 

R Protium veneralense Cuatrec. 11559 

R 11559 Colombia 11559 
E Protium vestitum (Cuatrec.) Daly 20883. 11559 

R 11559 Colombia 20883 

R Protium widgrenii Engl. 11559 

R 11559 Brazil 11559 

R Telragastris breviacuminata Swart 11559 

R 11559 Brazil 11559 

R Telragastris catuaba Soares da Cunha /;j59 

R 11559 Brazil ;;559 

V Telragastris occhionii (Rizzini) Daly 20S8i. 11559 
I 20««J Brazil 20SSJ 

R Trattinnickia ferruginea Kuhlm. 11559 

R 11559 Brazil ;;W9 



R Trattinnickia laxiflora Swart 27/02 

R ;/559 Peru 11559 

R Trattinnickia multiflora Cuatrec. 11559 

R ;/559 Colombia 11559 

Buxaceae 

Number of genera: 5 

Number of species: 6 

Recorded threatened species: 21 

Nearly cosmopolitan. 



(35%) 



R 
I 



Buxus acuminata (Griseb.) Muell. Arg. 5607 

V /9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
Buxus acunae Borh. & Muniz 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 
Buxus arborea Proctor 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

Buxus baracoensis Borh. & Muniz 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
Buxus citrifolia fWUId.) Sprengel 9006 

R 79577 Panama 9006 



Buxus colchica Pojark. 5942 
I 59« Russia - North Caucasus 59-<2 
I 5942 Azerbaijan 59<2 
I 5942 Georgia 5942 

I Buxus cubana Baill. 5607 

I 79705 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
E Buxus heterophylla Urban 5607 

E 79705 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

I Buxus holttumiana Hatus. 

1 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Kaki Bukit, Perils) 

R Buxus microphylla Sieber & Zucc. var. intermedia 

(Kaneh.) Li 20577 
R 2057/ Taiwan 2057/ 

V Buxus moana Alain 5607 

V /9/05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

E Buxus muelleriana Urban 

E 79705 Cuba 79/05 

I Buxus nyasica 21097 

1 20890 Malawi (Mt. Chese & Mt. Soche) 20890 

V Buxus Obtusifolia (Mildbr.) Hutch. 20057 

V 10900 Kenya (coastal) 17435 

V 10900 Tanzania (Tanga & coast) / 7«5 

V Buxus revoluta (Britton) Alain 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Holguin; Guantanamo) 5607 

V Buxus rotundifolia 3ritton) Mathou 5607 

V 79705 Cuba (Holguin, Guantanamo) 5607 
I Buxus rupicola Ridley 

I Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi. Kedah) 

R Buxus subcolumnaris Muell. Arg. 19001 

R 19001 Maninique 19001 

V Buxus vaccinioides (Britton) Urban 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (SC; Ho; Gu) 5607 

E Buxus vahlii Baill. 20883. 7984 

I 20883 Jamaica 20883 

E 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

I 20883 USA - Virgin Is. (St Croix) 20883 

R Pachysandra axillares Fr. var. Iricarpa 

Hayata 205// 
R 205/7 Taiwan 2057/ 



-91- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Buxaceae: Pachysandra 

Cactaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 



Recorded threatened species: 
American deserts. 



30- 
1,000-2, 



200 
000 
581 



(38%) 



V n 
R n 

E I 

E I 

V n 

V n 

V 1 

V I 



Acanthocereus brasiliensis Britton & Rose 15964 

V 15964 Brazil ]5964 

Aporocaclus flagelliformis (L.) Lemaire i2469 

I9SS0 Mexico ■ Hidalgo I42SS 



16360 Mexico - Oaxaca 9114 
19850 Mexico - Puebia 14255 



Ariocarpus agavoides (Castaneda) E.F. Anderson 15964 

E 20067 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9114 
Ariocarpus bravoanus H.M. Hern & E.F. Anderson 20067 

E 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 20067 
Ariocarpus fissuratus (Engelm.) K. Schum. var. 
hintonii Stuppy & N.P. Taylor 20067 

V 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 20067 
Ariocarpus fissuratus (Engelm.) Britton & Rose var. 

lloydii (Rose) W.T. Marsh ;2«7 

V 20067 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 

V 20067 Mexico - Durango 12437 

V 20067 Mexico - Zacatecas ;2J29 

Ariocarpus scaphirostris Baedeker 15964 

V 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 
Ariocarpus trigonus (F.A.C. Welwr) K. Schum. 2I3S4. 

15964 

V 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 

V 20067 Mexico - Tamaulipas 91)4 

Arrojadoa bahiensis 21307 
I 2/J07 Brazil 21307 
Arrojadoa dinae ssp. dinae 15964. 21307 



I 



2007 Brazil 15964 



II Arrojadoa dinae ssp. eriocaulis 21307 

I 2/J07 Brazil 2/J07 
n Arthrocereus glauovii 15964 

I 2;J07 Brazil 15964 

II Arthrocereus melanurus ssp. melanurus 21307 

I 2;J07 Brazil 2JJ07 
II Arthrocereus melanurus ssp. odorus 21307 

I 2;j07 Brazil 2;J07 

R n Arthrocereus odorus F. Ritter 15964 

R 15964 Brazil 15964 

n Arthrocereus rondonianus 15964 

1 2;i07 Brazil 15964 

II Arthrocereus spinosissimus (Buining & Brederoo) F. 
Ritter 15964 
I 15964 Brazil 15964 

E I Astrophytum asterias (Zucc.) Lem. 20«8J. 20*50. 

15964 

E 20850 U.S. -Texas (Rio Grande valley) 20850 

E 2088i Mexico 20SS3 

E 20067 Mexico - Nuevo L.eon 12469 

E 20067 Mexico - Tamaulipas 12469 

V II Astrophytum capricome (A. Dietr.) Britton & Rose var. 
capricome 12469 

V 9114 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

V 21263 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 2;26J 

E II Astrophytum capricome (A. Dielr.) Britton & Rose var. 
niveum (K. Kayser) Oken ;2«7 



E 


n 


R 


II 


R 


n 


R 


1 


R 


11 


R 


n 


R 


II 


V 


II 



R 


11 


R 


11 


V 


11 


I 


II 


V 


11 


I 


11 


R 


11 


I 


11 


R 


n 


R 


II 



E 16360 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 
Astrophytum myriostigma Lemaire var. coahuilense 

(K. Kayser) Borg 12437 
E 12437 Mexico - Coahuila ;2«7 

Astrophytum myriostigma Lemaire var. cuadricostatum 
C. Glass & R. Foster /■<257 

V /■»257 Mexico - Tamaulipas 14257 
Astrophytum myriostigma Lemaire var. 

myriostigma 12469 

V 9114 Mexico - Coahuila 9/;< 

V 14280 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14280 

V 2/26J Mexico - Tamaulipas 2;26J 

Astrophytum omatum (DC.) a. Welwr 15964 

9114 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

21263 Mexico - Guanajuato 21263 

21263 Mexico - Hidalgo 2/26i 

9114 Mexico - CJueretaro 9114 

21263 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 2;26J 

Austrocactus hibemus F. Ritter is964 

E 15964 Chile 15964 
Austrocactus philippii (regel & Schmidt) Buxbaum & 

Ritter ;596.» 
R 19034 Chile ;90J.< 

Austrocactus spiniflorus (Phil.) Ritter 15964 

R 15964 Chile 19034 

Aztekium ritteri (Boedeker) Boedeker 15964 
R 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 

Bergerocactus emoryi (Engelm.) Engelm. 20S50. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
? Mexico 15964 

Brachycereus nesioticus (Schumann) Backeb. 15964 
R ;596.< Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 
Brasilicereus markgrafii Backeb. & VoU 15964 

R 15964 Brazil 15964 

Browningia candelaris (Meyen) Britton et Rose 20883. 
15964 

V 2088J Chile 20885 
R 15964 Peru 20883 

Cephalocereus apicicephalium E.Y. Dawson 15964 

R /27S7 Mexico - Oaxaca /27S7 

Cephalocereus nizandensis (H. Bravo & Macdougall) F. 

Buxb. 15964 
R 19850 Mexico 19SS0 
Cephalocereus senilis (Haw.) Pfeiffer 15964 

V 15964 Mexico - Hidalgo 9114 

Cereus mirabella 15964 

I 21307 Brazil 15964 

Cereus quadricostatus BeUo 8058 

V 79002 Puerto Rico 8058 

Cipocereus bradei 15964 

I 2/J07 Brazil 15964 

Cipocereus crassisepalus 15964 

R /596-< Brazil 15964 

Cipocereus minensis ssp. pleurocarpus 21307 

I 21307 Brazil 21307 

Cipocereus pleurocarpus Ritter 15964 

R 15964 Brazil 15964 

Cipocereus pusilliflorus (Ritter) D.c. Zappi & N.P. 

Taylor 15964 
R ;596.< Brazil 15964 



■92r 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Cipocereus 

V II Cleistocactus acanthurus (Vaupel) D. Hunt 15964 

V IS964 Peru 13200 

R n Coleocephalocereus pluricostatus Buining & 
Brederoo 15964 
R 15964 Brazil 15964 

R n Coleocephalocereus purpureas (Burning & Brederoo) 

Ritter }5964 
R IS964 Brazil 15964 
R II Copiapoa bridgesii (Pfeiff.) Backeb. 15964 
R 15964 Chile 15964 

R n Copiapoa calderana F. Ritten J5964 
R /95i5 Chile 15964 

R II Copiapoa chaniaralensis Ritter ;596-) 

R /90iJ Chile 19034 
R II Copiapoa coquimbana (Karwinsky) Britton & Rose 15964 

R 15964 Chile ;90JJ 

E II Copiapoa desertorum Ritter /5964 

E 15964 Chile ;90J4 

R II Copiapoa desertorum Ritter var. homilloensis 

(Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
R 19034 Chile ;90J.< 
R n Copiapoa desertorum Ritter var. rubriflora 

(Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
R 19034 Chile ;90J4 

V n Copiapoa desertorum Ritter var. rupestris (Ritter) 

A. Hoffinann 19034 

V 19034 Chile ;90J.< 

R n Copiapoa /led/eriana (K. Schum.) Backeb. ;596'( 

R /95J5 Chile 15964 

V n Copiapoa humilis (Philippi) Hutch. /J96'( 

V 16430 Chile ;596J 

R n Copiapoa humilis (Philippi) Hutchinson var. 
esmeraldana (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
R 19034 Chile ;90J^ 

V II Copiapoa humilis (Philippi) Hutchinson var. 

longispina (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 

V 19034 Chile ;90i< 

R II Copiapoa hypogaea Ritter /596< 

R ;90J4 Chile ;90i< 

V 11 Copiapoa krainziana Ritter 15964 

V ;90J^ Chile ;90J.» 

R n Copiapoa laui L. Diers ;59«-( 
R ;59fi-( Chile 15964 

R 11 Copiapoa longistaminea Ritter ;j9m 

R ;59« Chile 19034 

R II Copiapoa malletiana (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) 
Backeb. ;596< 

R 15964 Chile /9JJ5 
R II Copiapoa marginata (Salm-Dyck.) Britton & Rose 15964 

R /95J5 Chile 15964 

V n Copiapoa megarhiza Britton & Rose var. echinata 

(Ritter) ;90J.» 

V ;90J4 Chile 19034 

E n Copiapoa megarhiza Britton & Rose var. 
megarhiza 19034 

E ;95J5 Chile 15964 

E II Copiapoa rupestris Ritter ;j9m 

E ;59M Chile 15964 

V II Copiapoa Solaris (Ritter) Ritter ;59m 



E 
E 
R 
R 



R 
V 
V 

E 
R 
I 
V 

R 
R 
R 
V 



R 
V 
R 
V 

R 



V ;9(W< Chile 19034 

Copiapoa tenuissima Ritter 15964 

E ;596.» Chile ;596J 

Copiapoa tocopillana Ritter ;596.« 

E 15964 Chile ;90J.< 

Copiapoa variispinata Ritter ;59m 

R ;J964 Chile 15964 

Corryocactus brevistylus (Schumann) Britton & 
Rose 15964 

V 19034 Chile 19034 
R M200 Pern 19034 

Coryphantha asperispina Boedeker 12437 

V 12437 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 

V 12437 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 12437 

Coryphantha dasyacantha (Engelm.) Ore. var. 
dasyacantha 8058 

I 4058 U.S. - Texas 8058 
I 8058 Mexico 8058 

Coryphantha durangensis (Runge) Britton & Rose 15964 

R ;9850 Mexico 12469 
Coryphantha elephantidens (Lemaire) Lemaire 15964 

V 9114 Mexico - Morelos 9114 

Coryphantha glanduligera (Otto ex Dietrich) 

Lemaire 15964 

V 16360 Mexico 16360 

Coryphantha gracilis L. Bremer & Lau 15964 
E 9114 Mexico ■ Chihuahua 9114 
Coryphantha grata L. Bremer 15964 

R 19850 Mexico 19850 

Coryphantha longicomis Boedeker 15964 

I ;9850 Mexico 12469 

Coryphantha macromeris (Britt. & Rose) L. Benson var. 
runyonii (Britt. & Rose) L. Benson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

Coryphantha maiz-tablasensis Backeb. 15964 

R 14262 Mexico ■ San Luis Potosi 14262 

Coryphantha melleospina H. Bravo-HoU. 15964 

R 15964 Mexico 12469 

Coryphantha odorata Boedeker 15964 

R 15964 Mexico 15964 

Coryphantha poselgeriana (A. Dietr.) Britton & Rose var. 
poselgeriana 12469 

V 9114 Mexico 9114 

Coryphantha poselgeriana (A. Dietr.) Britton & Rose var. 

saltillensis (Poselger) Bremer 12469 
I 15964 Mexico 12469 

Coryphantha pseudoechinus Boedeker 15964 

R 15964 Mexico 12469 

Coryphantha pulleineana (Backeb.) C. Glass ;j9im 

V 15964 Mexico 12469 

Coryphantha radians (DC.) Britton & Rose 15964 

R 19850 Mexico 12469 

Coryphantha ramillosa Cutak 20883. 20350. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
I 20885 Mexico 20883 

V ;98-»8 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

Coryphantha recurvata (Engehn.) Britt. & Rose 20SS3. 

20850. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 



-93- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Coryphantha 
R n Coryphantha retusa Briiton & Rose var. mellospina 
(H.Bravo-HoUis) H.Bravo-HoUis 15964 
R imo Mexico }9SS0 
R II Coryphantha scheeri Lemaire var. robustispina 
(Schott ex Engelm.) L. Benson 2088S. 20850. 8058 
R 20850 U.S. - Anzona (Pima & Santa Cruz Co.) 

20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
E 20883 Mexico 20883 
E 19123 Mexico ■ Sonora (north) 19123 

R M Coryphantha scheeri Lemaire var. uncinata L. 

Benson 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20S50 
I 11 Coryphantha strobiliformis (Poselger) Moran var. 

durispina (Quehl) L. Benson 8058 
1 8058 U.S. - Texas 8058 

I S058 Mexico 8058 

V n Coryphantha sulcata (Engelm.) Britton & Rose var. 

nickelsiae (K. Brandeg.) L. Benson 20SSJ. 20850. 9114 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 208SJ 

V 19850 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 

V 79850 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 

V 15964 Mexico - Tamaulipas 12437 

V n Coryphantha valuta (J.A. Purpus) L. Bremer J5964 

V /9860 Mexico 12469 

E I Coryphantha vierdermannii Boedeker 15964 

E /596.» Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

V II Dendrocereus nudiflorus (Engelm.) Britton & 

Rose 15964 

V ;9;05 Cuba }5964 

R / Discocactus bahiensis Britton & Rose ;596^ 
R 15964 Brazil (eastern) 14964 

Discocactus boomianus Buining & Brederoo 21384. 
15964 

V 15964 Brazil 15964 

Discocactus buenekeri W.R. Abraham 2i3S4. 15964 

I 15964 Brazil 14964 

E ; Discocactus horstii Buin. & Bred. 15964 

E 15964 Brazil 14964 

I ; Discocactus placentiformis (Lehm.) Schum. 15964 

I 2;j07 Brazil (eastern) 14964 
R ; Discocactus pseudoinsignis Tayl. & Zapp. 15964 

R 15964 Brazil (eastern) 14964 

Discocactus subviridigriseus Buining ex J. 

Theunissen 21384. 15964 
E 15964 Brazil (eastern) 14964 

V ; Discocactus zehntneri Britton & Rose ;59(S.( 

V (5964 Brazil (eastern) 14964 
I / Discocactus zehntneri Britton & Rose ssp. boomianus 
(Buin & Bred) Tayl & Zapp 21384. 21307 
I 21307 Brazil 2yj07 

I ; Discocactus zehntneri ssp. zehntneri 21307 

I 2(J07 Brazil 2;J07 

R II Disocactus ackermannii (Liodley) BartUoit /596'> 

R ;W85 Mexico - Chiapas 16385 



1638! Mexico 
16385 Mexico 



Oaxaca ;6J85 
Veracruz ;6J85 



II Disocactus biformis (Lindley in Edwards) 
Lindley 15964 
R 15964 Guatemala 15964 



R ;596-» Honduras 15964 
R n Disocactus eichlamii (Weingard) Britton & Rose 15964 

R 15964 Guatemala ;'»2'<7 
R II Disocactus kimnachii Rowley 15964 

R 14248 Costa Rica 15964 
R 1 Disocactus macdougallii (Alexander) Barthlott 15964 

R 79850 Mexico - Chiapas 14248 
R II Disocactus macranthus (Alex.) Kimnacb & 
Hutchinson 15964 

R 79860 Mexico - Chiapas 16385 

R 79860 Mexico - Oaxaca 16385 

R 79860 Mexico - Veracruz 76J85 

V II Disocactus phyllanthoides (DC.) Birtbioti 15964 

V 19850 Mexico - Puebla 742'<8 

V 79850 Mexico - Veracruz 977'> 

I II Disocactus quezaltecus (Standley & Steyerm.) 
Kimnach 15964 
I 14258 Guatemala 74258 

E II Echinocactus grusonii Hildm. 7596-* 
E 977< Mexico - Hidalgo 977'» 
E 977.7 Mexico - CJueretaro 9114 

V II Echinocactus horizonthalonius Lemaire var. nicholii 

L. Benson 20883. 20850. 20079 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

V n Echinocactus parryi Engelm. 75964 

V 79850 Mexico - Chihuahua 12437 

V n Echinocactus platyacanthus Link & Otto 75964 

V 75964 Mexico 72469 

V II Echinocereus adustus Engelm. var. 

adustus 12107 

V 75964 Mexico ■ Chihuahua (Cusihuiriac) 72707 

V II Echinocereus adustus Engelm. var. schwarzii (A. 

Lau) N.P. Taylor 72707 

V 75964 Mexico - Durango (Guanaceui & Canantlan) 

72707 

V II Echinocereus bristolii W. MarshaU var. 

bristolii 12107 

V 75964 Mexico ■ Sonora 72707 

R 11 Echinocereus bristolii W. Marshall var. 
pseudopectinatUS N.P. Taylor 72707 

V 72707 U.S. ■ Anzona (south-east) 72707 
R 79850 Mexico - Sonora (north-east) 72/07 

V II Echinocereus chisoensis w.T. Marsh. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

E n Echinocereus chisoensis w. Marshall var. 
chisoensis 20883. 20850. 12107 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas (Chisos Mts) 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20SSJ 

E n Echinocereus chloranthus (Engelm.) Hort.Haage var. 

neocapillusVi emger 20850. 12107 
E 20850 U.S. -Texas (Brewster Co.) 20850 

V II Echinocereus coccineus var. arizonicus (Rose ex 

Orcutt) Ferguson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • New Mexico 20850 

R n Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus (Engelm.) 

Ferguson 20850 
R 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 
I n Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 
armatus L. Benson 72707 



-94- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Echinocereus 

I 15964 U.S. -California 12107 

I 15964 U.S. - Nevada (Mojavean Descn) I2J07 

I n Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 
Chrysocentnis (Engelm. & Bigelow) Ruempler 12107 
I 15964 U.S. - Arizona (nonh & west) I2I07 
I 15964 U.S. - California 12107 
I 15964 U.S. - Nevada (south & east) 12107 
I 15964 U.S. . Utah (west) 12107 

E n Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 
howei L. Benson 20850. 12107 
E 20850 U.S. - Cahfomia (southernmost Mojave Desert) 

20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20S50 

I II Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 
munzii (Parish) Pierce & Fosb. I2t07 
1 12107 U.S. - California (south) 12107 
I J2W7 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula (Sierra Juarez, east 
slopes) 12107 

V II Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 

nicholii (L. Benson) D. Parfitt 12107 

V 12107 U.S. - Arizona (central south; Sonoran D.) 

12107 

V 12107 Mexico - Sonora (north-west; Sonoran Desert) 

12107 

I 11 Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 
purpureus L. Benson 12107 
I 19002 U.S. - Utah (near St George) 12107 
I n Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lemaire var. 
variegatUS (Engelm. & Bigelow) Ruempler 12107 
I 15964 U.S. - Arizona (nonh-west) 12107 
I 15964 U.S. • Utah (south-east) 12107 

E II £c/ljnocereUi/cnrf/m (Engelm.) Ruempler var. 

kuenzleri (Castetter, Pierce & Schwerin) L. 

Benson 20850. 12107 
E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico (Otero Co.) 20850 
I 12107 Mexico - Chihuahua (north) 12107 

E I Echinocereus ferreirianus H. Gates ssp. lindsayi 
(J. Meyran) N.P. Taylor 2U84. 12107 
E 20067 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 72/07 

V n Echinocereus freudenbergeri G. Frzak 15964 

V 19850 Mexico - Coahuila (central & south) 

12496 

V II Echinocereus knippelianus Liebner var. 

knippelianus 12107 

V 20067 Mexico - Coahuila (south-east) ;2/07 

E M Echinocereus knippelianus Liebner var. kruegeri C. 
Glass & R. Foster /2;07 
E 12107 Mexico - Nuevo Leon (south) ;2;07 

V II Echinocereus laui G. Frank /2;o7 

V 15964 Mexico ■ Sonora (near Yecota) 72/07 
R II Echinocereus leucanthus N.P. Taylor 15964 

R 19850 Mexico - Sinaloa 72707 
R 19850 Mexico - Sonora 72707 

V 11 Echinocereus lloydii Britt. & Rose 20850. 20079 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V II Echinocereus longisetus (Engelm.) Lemaire var. 

delaetii (Gurke) N.P. Taylor 12496 

V 19850 Mexico - Coahuila (central-south & south-east) 

12496 

I II Echinocereus maritimus (M.E. Jones) Schumann var. 
hancockii (E. Dawson) N.P. Taylor /2/07 

I 72/07 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula (Cedros 
Is.) /2/07 



I /2/07 Mexico - Baja California Sur 72/07 

V II Echinocereus nicholii (L. Benson) Parfitt 20850. 

15964 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
? Mexico 15964 

R II Echinocereus nivosus C. Glass & R. Foster /596.< 
R 20067 Mexico - Coahuila (Sierra Madre Oriental) 
/2/07 

E n Echinocereus palmeri Britten & Rose 15964 

E 19848 Mexico - Chihuahua (central & south) 
/2707 

I 11 Echinocereus pamanesiorum A. Lau 72707 

I 7596-* Mexico - Zacatecas (Rio Huaynamuta valley) 
72/07 

R II Echinocereus papillosus Linke ex Rumpl. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
E n Echinocereus papillosus Linke ex Ruempler var. 
angUift'cepx (Clover) W.T. Marsh. 20850. /2/07 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas (Hidalgo Co.) 20850 

R n Echinocereus pensilis (K.Btaadegee)}.\. 

Purpus /2/07 
R 75964 Mexico - Baja California Sur (Cape region) 

72707 

E II Echinocereus pulchellus (C. Martius) Schumann var. 
pulchellus 12107 

E 20067 Mexico - Hidalgo 72707 

E 25067 Mexico - Oaxaca (north) 72707 

E 20067 Mexico - Puebla 72/07 

E 20067 Mexico - Queretaro (south-east) 72/07 

E 11 £cAinocereus pu/cAeWus (C. Martius) Schumami var. 

sharpii N.P. Taylor 20067 
E 20067 Mexico • Nuevo Leon 20067 

V n Echinocereus pulchellus (C. Martins) Schmnaanvar. 

weinbergii (Weing.) N.P. Taylor /2/07 

V 15964 Mexico - Zacatecas (west) 72707 

R n Echinocereus rayonesensis N.P. Taylor ;596-» 
R 12496 Mexico ■ Nuevo Leon (valley of Rayones) 
/2-<96 

E n Echinocereus reichenbachii (Tersch. ex Walp.) Hort.Haage 

var. albertii L. Benson 20850. 8058 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas (Rio Grande Plain) 20850 
R II Echinocereus reichenbachii (Tersch. ex Walp.) Hort.Haage 

var. baileyi (Rose) N.P. Taylor 20850. /2/07 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma (south) 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas (Childress Co.) 20S50 

I n Echinocereus reichenbachii (Tersch. ex Walp.) Hort. Haage 
yar.fitchii (Britton & Rose) L. Benson /2/07 
I 15964 U.S. - Texas (south) /2/07 

V 19850 Mexico - Nuevo Leon (nonh) /2;07 

V 19850 Mexico - Tamaulipas (north) /2/07 

E I Echinocereus schmollii (Weing.) N.P. Taylor 15964 

E 19848 Mexico ■ Queretaro (south-east) /2707 
I II Echinocereus sciurus (K. Brandegee) Dams var. 
floresii (Backeb.) N.P. Taylor 72/07 
1 72/07 Mexico - Sinaloa (Topolobampa vicinity) 
72/07 

R II Echinocereus sciurus (K. Brandegee) Britton & Rose var. 
sciurus 12107 
R 19848 Mexico - Baja California Sur (South Cape) 
/2/07 

R M Echinocereus stoloniferus W. Marshall var. 
stoloniferus 12102 



-95- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Echinocereus 

R I9S50 Mexico - Sonora (south-east) 12107 
Echinocereus subinermis Salm-Dyck ex Scheer var. 
subinermis mo? 

R I9S50 Mexico ■ Chihuahua (south-west) 12107 



II 



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V 



V 
R 

E 
V 
V 



I 
R 

I 

V 



R I9S50 Mexico ■ 
R I9S50 Mexico • 



Sinaloa I2W7 
Sonora 12107 



II Echinocereus triglochidiatus Engelm. var. 
paucispinus (Engelm.) W. Marshall I2W7 
I J90C2 U.S. - Texas (south) 12/07 
n Echinocereus viereckii Werderm. var. morricalii 
(Riha) N.P. Taylor 12107 

V 12107 Mexico - Nuevo Leon I2I07 

n Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. var. correllii 
L. Benson 20850. 12107 

V 20SS0 U.S. - Texas (Pecos Co.; Brewster Co.) 

20850 

11 Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. var. davisii 
(A.D. Houghton) W.T. Marsh. 20SS0. 12107 
E 20850 U.S. -Texas (Brewster Co.) 20850 
n Echinopsis chrysanlha Werderm. 15964 

R 15964 Argentina 15964 
n Echinopsis deserticola (Werd.) Friedrich & G.D. 
Rowley 15964 

V 19034 Chile 15964 

U Echinopsis glauca (Ritter) Friedrich & G.D. 
Rowley 15964 
R 19034 Chile 15964 
R 18200 Peru 15964 

II Echinopsis litoralis (Joh.) Friedrich & Rowley 15964 

V I9S34 Chile 15964 

II Echinopsis skottsbergii (Backeb.) Friedrich & G.D. 
Rowley 15964 
R 15964 Chile I90S4 

n Echinopsis smrziana Backeb. is964 

E 201 76 Argentina - Salta 201 76 

II Echinopsis spinibarbis (Otio) a. Herrmann i9034 

V ;90J4 Chile ;90J.» 

n Echinopsis uebelmanniana (Lembckc & Backeb.) A. 
Horrmann 15964 

V 15964 Chile 19034 

II Epiphyllum anguliger (Lemaire) G. Don 15964 

V 14249 Mexico ■ Guerrero 14249 
? Mexico - Jalisco 21204 

V 14249 Mexico - Mexico Slate 12469 

V 14249 Mexico - Michoacan 14249 

V 14249 Mexico - Oaxaca 14249 

II Epiphyllum caudatum Britton & Rose 15964 

I ;596.< Mexico - Tabasco 14260 

11 Epiphyllum grandilobum (A. Weber) Britton & 

Rose 15964 
R ;«.<9 Costa Rica 15964 

V ;«<9 Panama 15964 

N Epiphyllum lauii Kimnacb 15964 

I ;596J Mexico »96.( 

ii Epithelantha bokei L. Benson is964 

E ;5964 U.S. -Texas J2437 

V ;9S50 Mexico ;2«7 

u Epithelantha micromeris Britton & Rose var. greggii 

(Engehn.) Borg 12469 
I ;9«60 Mexico ;2.(«9 
M Epithelantha micromeris Britton & Rose var. 



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pachyrhiza Marshall i2469 

E 19860 Mexico 12469 

V II Epithelantha micromeris Britton & Rose var. 

polycephala (Backeb.) C. Glass & R. Foster 12437 

V 12437 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 

Eriosyce rodentiophila Ritter 15964 

V 19034 Chile /90J.» 

Eriosyce sandillon (Remy) Philippi 15964 

V 19034 Chile ;90J^ 
Escobaria aguirreana (C. Glass & R. Foster) N.P. 

Taylor 15964 
R 9114 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

Escobaria albicolumnaria Hester 20850, 15964 

V 20850 U.S. -Texas 20SJ0 

Escobaria asperispina (Boedeker) D.R. Hunt is964 

V y9850 Mexico ;596.( 

Escobaria chaffeyi Britton & Rose /4280 

V 14280 Mexico - Coahuila I42S0 

V ;42S0 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14280 

Escobaria cubensis (Britton & Rose) D.R. Hunt 15964 
E 19105 Cuba 1910S 
Escobaria dasyacantha Britton & Rose is964 

I 15964 U.S. - Texas 80j8 
I 8058 Mexico /5964 

V II Escobaria dasyacantha Britton & Rose var. chaffeyi 

(Britt. & Rose) N.P.Taylor 20850 
E 20SJ0 U.S. - Texas 20850 
R II Escobaria dasyacantha Britton & Rose var. 
dasyacantha 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20S8J 

R M Escobaria dasyacantha Britton & Rose var. duncanii 

(Hester) N.P.Taylor 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E II Escobaria guadalupensis Brack & Heil 20850. ;5964 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R II Escobaria laredoi (C. Glass & R. Foster) N.P. 
Taylor 15964 
R 20067 Mexico - Coahuila 11419 

V II Escobaria leei (Rose) Bodeker 15964 

V 20079 U.S. - New Mexico 20079 

E I Escobaria minima (Baird) D.R. Hunt 20850 15964 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E n Escobaria missouriensis (Clover) D.R. Hunt var. 

marstonii (Clover) D.R. Hunt 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 
20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R n Escobaria orcuttii Bodecker 2088i. 20850. 15964 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

I 20883 Mexico 20S8J 

V n Escobaria organensis (A.D. Zimmerman) Castetter, Pierce & 

Scbwerin 20850 ;596-» 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 11 Escobaria robbinsiorum (W.H. Earle) D.R. Hunt 208S3. 

20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 



-96- 



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■ Arizona 208S0 

■ California 20850 

■ Nevada 20S50 



II 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicols): Cactaceae: Escobaria 

1 20883 Mexico 20883 

R M Escobaria robbinsorum (W. Earle) D. Hunt 15964 

V 15964 U.S. - Anzona (Cochise Co.) 4115 
R 14252 Mexico - Sonora 14252 

Escobaria roseana (Boedeker) Backeb. 12469 
R 19850 Mexico 12469 
Escobaria sandbergii Castetter, Pierce & 
Schwerin 20850. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
Escobaria sneedii Brill. & Rose 20S50. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Escobaria sneedii Britt. & Rose var. leei (Rose ex 
Bodecker) D.R.Hunt 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • New Mexico 20850 

Escobaria sneedii Britt. & Rose var. 
sneedii 20850 

V 20«J0 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Escobaria villardii Castetter, Pierce & 

Schwerin 20850. 15964 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V 20850 U.S. . New Mexico 20850 

Escobaria vivipara var. rosea (Clokey) d.r. 

Hunt 20850 
E 20850 U.S. 

V 20850 U.S. 
R 20850 U.S. 

Espostoopsis dybowskii (Roland-Goss) F. Buxb. 15964 
R 15964 Brazil 15964 
n Eulychnia aricensis Ritt. 15964 

E 19535 Chile 15964 
II Eulychnia iquiquensis (Schumann) Britton & 
Rose 15964 
R 15964 Chile 19034 
II Eulychnia procumbens Backeb. ;596-< 

V 5598 Chile 15964 
n Facheiroa ulei (Gurke) Werderm. 15964 

R 15964 Brazil /596J 
II Ferocactus alamosanus Britton & Rose ;596'» 
R 15964 Mexico 15964 
R 15964 Mexico - Sonora 

II Ferocactus chrysacanthus (Orcutt) Britton & 
Rose 12469 
I 19850 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 14264 
11 Ferocactus cylindraceus Orcutt. var. 
cylindraceus 15964 
I 15964 U.S. - Anzona 8058 
I 15964 U.S. ■ California 8058 
I 19850 Mexico - Sonora 9114 

n Ferocactus emoryi (Engeta.) Orcutt 20550 ;596'< 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V /6360 Mexico 15964 

II Ferocactus haematacanthus (A. Weber) Backeb. & F. 

Knuth 15964 
R ;<264 Mexico - Puebla 9114 
R /^d.* Mexico - Veracruz 14264 

II Ferocactus johnstonianus Britton & Rose 72469 

R 19848 Mexico 90/9 

II Ferocactus peninsulae (F.A.C. Weber) Britton & Rose var. 
santa-maria (Britton & Rose) N.P. Taylor 20067 



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E 20067 Mexico - Baja California Sur 20067 
] Ferocactus pilosus (Sabn-Dyck) Werderm. ;596< 

V 19850 Mexico /9850 

I Ferocactus recurvus (Miller) Borg var. greenwoodii 
C. Glass 9114 

V 9/14 Mexico - Oaxaca 9;/4 

[ Ferocactus reppenhagenii G. Unger 15964 

R ;9850 Mexico 15964 

I Ferocactus townsendianus Britton & Rose ;596'» 

V 19850 Mexico 9114 

[ Ferocactus viridescens (Nutt.) Britton & Rose is964 
I ;596'l U.S. - California 9114 

V 9114 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 9114 

I Frailea matoana Buining & Brederoo 15964 
Ex/E 15964 Brazil /596.< 

I Haageocereus australis Backeb 15964 

V ;90J.< Chile 19034 

V 18200 Peru 19034 

\ Haageocereus chilensis Ritt. 559* 

R 5598 Chile 5598 

I Haageocereus fascicularis OAeyen) Ritter 15964 

V ;90J.< Chile 19034 

I Haageocereus limensis (Salm-Dyck) F. Riiter 15964 

E 12468 Peru 18200 

1 Haageocereus multangularis (Willd.) F. Ritier ;5964 

E ;2«8 Peru 18200 

I Harrisia aboriginum 15964 

I 15964 Uniled Stales of America 15964 

\ Harrisia earlei Britton & Rose ;596-< 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

\ Harrisia femowii Briitoa 15964 

R 19105 Cuba ;9/05 
I Harrisia fragrans Small 20850 15964 
E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

I Harrisia portoricensis Britt. 20883. 15964 

E 20S8J Puerto Rico (Mona; Desecheo) 20883 
I Harrisia simpsonii Small 20850 /5964 
I ;596-» United Slates of Amenca /596'< 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

I Harrisia taetra 15964 

V ;9;o5 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) /9;o5 
I Harrisia taylori Britton 15964 

V ;9;o5 Cuba /9;o5 

I Hatiora epiphylloides 15964 

R 15964 Brazil 15964 

I Hatiora epiphylloides ssp. bradei 21307 

I 2/507 Brazil 2/J07 

I Hatiora epiphylloides ssp. epiphylloides 21307 

1 2/507 Brazil 21307 

I Hatiora gaertneri 15964 

I 15964 Brazil /5964 

I Hatiora herminiae 15964 

V ;596-/ Brazil 15964 

I Hatiora rosea 15964 

1 75964 Brazil /596.» 

I Helianthocereus atacamensis (Phil.) Backeb. 2088J 

R 20885 Chile 20885 
I Heliocereus speciosus (Cavan.) Britton & Rose var. 
amecamensis (Heese) Weing. ex A. Berger 12469 



-97- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Heliocereus 

R I6SSS Mexico ■ Michoacan 16185 
I n Heliocereus speciosus (Cavan.) Brition & Rose var. 
elegantissimus (Brition & Rose) 12469 
I /J96-< Mexico 12469 
E n Heliocereus speciosus (Cavan.) Brillon & Rose var. 
serratUS (Weing.) Borg 12469 
E I63S5 Guatemala I63SS 
E 16385 Mexico 12469 

I n Heliocereus speciosus (Cavan.) Britton & Rose var. 

speciosus 12469 
1 IS964 Mexico 12469 

E II Heliocereus speciosus (Cavan.) Britton & Rose var. 
SuperbttS (Ehrenbg.) A. Berger 12469 
E !9860 Mexico 12469 
R II Horridocactus garaventae 15964 

R I953S Chile 15964 

R II Hylocereus calcaratus (A. Weber) Britton & 

Rose ;596< 
R 14255 Costa Rica /6JS5 

R II Hylocereus stenopterus (A. Weber) Britton & 

Rose ;596.( 
R 14255 Costa Rica /•(255 

V 14255 Panama (Chiriquf) 10747 

R u Jasminocereus thouarsii (F.A.C. Weber) Backeb. var. 
delicatUS (E. Dawson) E.F. Anders. & Walk. ;/;/7 
R ;y;;7 Ecuador - Galapagos ;/;/7 
R n Jasminocereus thouarsii (F.A.C. Weber) Backeb. var. 
sclerocarpus (Schumann) E.F. Anders. & Walk. 11117 
R 11117 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 
R II Jasminocereus thouarsii (F.A.C. Weber) Backeb. var. 
thouarsii inn 
R 11117 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 
II Leptocereus arboreus Britton & Rose 15964 

V 1910S Cuba 5607 

II Leptocereus assurgens (C. Wright) Brition & 

Rose 15964 
R ys/OJ Cuba 19105 

11 Leptocereus ekmanii (Werderm.) Knutb ;5964 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

II Leptocereus grantianus Briti. 2o«sj, ;596< 

I 20883 Puerto Rico (including Culebra Is.) 



V 

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n Leptocereus maxonii Brition & Rose ;596< 

R 19105 Cuba (SC; Gu) 5607 
Leptocereus prostratus Britton & Rose 15964 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Leptocereus quadricostatus (Bello) Britt. & 

Rose 20S8J. 15964 

I 208SJ Pueno Rico 20883 
Leptocereus sylvestris Brition & Rose 15964 

R ;9;05 Cuba (Granma) 5607 
Leptocereus wrightii Leon 15964 

Ex /9/05 Cuba (Ciud. Habana) 5607 

Leuchtenbergia principis Hooker 15964 

20067 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

21263 Mexico - Dutango 21263 

20067 Mexico - Hidalgo 20067 

20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 

20067 Mexico - San Luis Pocosi 9114 

21263 Mexico - Tamaulipas 21263 

21263 Mexico - Zacatecas 21263 



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Lobivia vatteri Krainz ;6ii6 

Ex ;6JJ6 Argentina 16336 
Lophophora diffusa (Croizat) H. Bravo-HoUis 15964 

R 20067 Mexico - Queretaro 20067 
Mammillaria aff. Salm-Dyck 20SSJ 

E 20883 Jamaica 20883 

Mammillaria albicans a. Berger io5S 

R 19848 Mexico ;05S 
Mammillaria albicoma Boedeker 9114 

V 19848 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9114 
Mammillaria angelensis R.T. Craig 1058 

R 19848 Mexico 1058 

Mammillaria anniana C. Glass & R. Foster ;058 
R 19848 Mexico 1058 

Mammillaria aureiceps Lemaire /596<f 

V 19848 Mexico - Mexico D.F. 9114 

Mammillaria aureilanata Backeb. i058 

V 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 20067 

Mammillaria aurihamata Boedeker ;o5« 

R 14271 Mexico - San Luis Potosi ;058 
Mammillaria backebergiana Buchenau var. 
backebergiana 1058 

R /■<27/ Mexico - Mexico Slate /05S 
Mammillaria backebergiana Buchenau var. emestii 
(Fittkau) C. Glass & R. Foster /^27; 

R 14271 Mexico /■<27; 
Mammillaria baumii Boedeker I058 

R ;596'» Mexico • Tamaulipas ;05« 

Mammillaria beiselii Diers ;o58 

R 15964 Mexico /05S 

Mammillaria bella Backeb. 1058 

R 15964 Mexico ;05« 
Mammillaria blossfeldiana Boedeker /05« 
R ;9S50 Mexico 1058 

Mammillaria bocasana Poselger 9114 

V 19848 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

Mammillaria bocensis R.T. Craig ;9S5o 

V 79850 Mexico 15964 

Mammillaria bombycina Quehl /058 

R 79850 Mexico 1058 
Mammillaria boolii G. Lindsay I058 

R 19850 Mexico 1058 

Mammillaria Candida Scheidw. 9114 

19850 Mexico - Chihuahua 9114 

19850 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

19850 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 

19850 Mexico ■ Tamaulipas 9114 

19850 Mexico - Zacatecas 9114 

Mammillaria capensis (H. Gates) R.T. Craig ;o58 

R 19848 Mexico 7058 

Mammillaria carmenae Castaneda & Nunez 977.< 

E 79848 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9114 

Mammillaria carretii Rebut 7058 

V 15964 Mexico 7058 

Mammillaria cerralboa (Briiion & Rose) Orcult 12469 
R 79848 Mexico 12469 
Mammillaria COahuilensis (Boedeker) Moran 9114 

V 798-»S Mexico - Coahuila 9114 
Mammillaria crucigera Martins 9114 



-98- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: MammiUaria 

R 19850 Mexico - Oaxaca 9114 
R n MammiUaria deherdtiana Famig var. 
deherdtiana joss 

R 19850 Mexico - Oaxaca 14271 
R 11 MammiUaria diguetii (A. Weber) D.R. Hunt loss 

R 15964 Mexico 1058 

R 11 MammiUaria dixanthocentron Backeb. 90S8 
R 19850 Mexico 9058 

R n MammiUaria duoformis r.t. Craig & E. Dawson loss 
R 19848 Mexico loss 

V II MammiUaria erectacantha Foerster loss 

V 19848 Mexico loss 

V II MammiUaria esperanzaensis Baedeker 9ii4 

V 16360 Mexico - Puebia 9114 

R n MammiUaria estebanensis G. Lindsay ;o58 

R 75964 Mexico 1058 

R II MammiUaria evermanniana (Britton & Rose) 

Orcutt loss 
R /9S.<« Mexico ;05« 

R II Mammillariafittkauic.G\ass&R. Foster loss 

R ;«65 Mexico - Jalisco ;«65 

II MammiUaria fuauxiana Backeb. loss 

R /596-( Mexico 15964 

11 MammiUaria glareosa Boedeker loss 

R /9S50 Mexico 1058 
II MammiUaria glassii R. Foster var. ascensionis 
(Reppenhagen) C. Glass & R. Foster /058 
R /-(i;; Mexico - Nuevo Leon 14271 
II MammiUaria goodridgei Scheer var. 
goodridgei i5964 

R 75964 Mexico - Guadelupe 7(WJ9 
R 75964 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula (1. Cedros) 
70iJ9 

II MammiUaria goodridgei Scheer var. reclispina E. 
Dawson 12469 

V 79860 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula {Cedros 
Is.) 72469 

n MammiUaria grusonii Rimge loss 
R I984S Mexico 7058 

II MammiUaria guelzowiana Werderm. ;o58 

V 19848 Mexico 7058 

II MammiUaria guerreronis (H. Bravo-HoU.) 

Backeb. 97/4 
R 79848 Mexico - Guerrero 9;74 
II MammiUaria hahniana Werderm. 705S 

V 19850 Mexico 7058 

II MammiUaria halei T.s. Brandegee loss 

V 20067 Mexico - Baja California Sur (Isia Magdalena, Isia Sania 
Margarita) 20067 

n MammiUaria heidiae Krainz 9774 

R 79850 Mexico - Puebia 9774 

II MammiUaria hemandezii C. Glass & R. Foster 79«50 

R I98S0 Mexico 19848 

II MammiUaria herrerae Werderm. joss 

V J984S Mexico JOSS 

II MammiUaria heririchiana r.t. Craig 7058 

R 79848 Mexico 7058 

II MammiUaria huajuapensis H. Bravo-HoU. joss 

R 75964 Mexico 7058 



V II MammiUaria huitzilopochUi D.R. Hunt loss 

V 75964 Mexico 7058 

V II MammiUaria humboldtii Ehrenb. 9774 

V 79850 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9774 
R n MammiUaria insularis H. Gates 7058 

R 19848 Mexico 7058 

R n MammiUaria johnstonii (Britton & Roie) OtcvXI ioss 
R 79848 Mexico 7058 

V n MammiUaria kUssingiana Boedeker 9/74 

V 79848 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9774 

R n MammiUaria knippeliana Quehl 7058 
R 75964 Mexico 7058 

V II MammiUaria kraehenbuehUi Krainz 7058 

V 79848 Mexico 7058 

I II MammiUaria laui D.Huni forma dasyacantha 

D.Hunt 79850 
I 79850 Mexico I9S50 

I II MammiUaria laui D. Hunt var. discata D. 

Hunt 79850 
I 79850 Mexico I9SS0 

I n MammilUiria laui D. Hunt. var. laui I9S50 
I 79S50 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9774 

V II MammiUaria lenta K. Brandegee 7058 

V 79848 Mexico JOSS 

R I] MammiUaria lindsayi R.T. Craig 7058 
R 79848 Mexico 7058 

V M MammiUaria longiflora (Britton & Rose) A. 

Berger /058 

V 79848 Mexico 7058 

R n MammiUaria magnifica Buchenau 7058 

R 7984S Mexico 7058 
R u MammiUaria maritima G. Lindsay 705S 

R I984S Mexico 7058 

R II MammiUaria marksiana Krainz 7058 

R I9S48 Mexico 7058 

V II MammiUaria mathildae Krahenb. & Krainz 7058 

V 79848 Mexico JOSS 

R M MammiUaria matudae H. Bravo-HoU. /058 

R I9S48 Mexico 7058 

V II MammiUaria melaleuca Karw. 7058 

V 75964 Mexico 7058 

R n MammiUaria mercadensis Patoni 9774 

R I9S50 Mexico - Durango 9774 

R II MammiUaria meyranii H. Bravo-HoU. 7058 

R J9850 Mexico 7058 

R II MammiUaria microhelia Werderm. 9jj4 

R 19850 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9774 

R II MammiUaria miegiana Earle joss 

R 75964 Mexico 7058 

R n MammiUaria moelleriana Boedeker 7058 

R 75964 Mexico 7058 

R u MammiUaria multidigitata G. Lindsay ;05« 

R 75964 Mexico 7058 

R n MammiUaria nana Backeb. 7058 

R 27265 Mexico - Guanajuato 21263 
R 2726J Mexico - Quereiaro 2J263 

V II MammiUaria napina J.A. Purpus 9114 

V J9SS0 Mexico - Puebia 9774 



-99- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: MammUlaria 
R n MammUlaria nejapensis R.T. Craig & F. Dawson loss 
R 15964 Mexico lOiS 

R II MammUlaria neopalmeri R.T. Craig loss 

R IS964 Mexico loss 

V n MammUlaria oteroi C. Glass & R. Foster loss 

V I98S0 Mexico loss 

R u MammUlaria painteri Rose 9114 

R /59(i4 Mexico - Querelaro 9114 
R II MammUlaria parkinsomi Ehrenb. loss 
R ;5964 Mexico loss 

E I MammUlaria pectinif era (RiimpleT) x.v/eber 9114 

E 20067 Mexico - Oaxaca 9;y< 
E 20067 Mexico - Puebia 9114 

R II MammUlaria peninsularis (Britten & Rose) 

Orcult loss 

R IS964 Mexico /058 

R n MammUlaria pennispinosa Krainz var. nazasensis c. 

Glass & R. Foster I0S8 
R ;058 Mexico 1058 
R n MammUlaria pennispinosa Krainz var. 
pennispinosa 12469 
R 2;26J Mexico - Coahuila 2;26J 
R 2;26J Mexico - Durango 21263 

R n MammUlaria perezdelarosae H. Bravo-HoU. & 

Scheinvar I0S8 

R ;9S50 Mexico - Jalisco lOSS 
R n MammUlaria petrophila K. Brandegee loss 

R ;596J Mexico loss 
R II A/ammiV/ariapi/coyensis H. Bravo-HoU. 15964 

R ;596J Mexico ;5964 
R n MammUlaria pilispina J. k.Purpm 9ii4 

R 15964 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

I II MammUlaria plumosa \. Weber 9114 

I /98<8 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 
I ;98<S Mexico - Nuevo Leon 9114 

R n MammUlaria pondii Greene ;o58 

R 79848 Mexico ;0J8 

R n MammUlaria pringlei 0.CoulieT)K. Brandegee 9114 

R 79850 Mexico - Mexico D.F, 9114 
R II MammUlaria pubispina Boedeker loss 

R /596-/ Mexico lOSS 
R II MammUlaria reppenhagenii D.R. Hunt ;058 

R /J96-» Mexico loss 
R n MammUlaria rettigiana Boedeker ;058 

R 15964 Mexico lOSS 
R n MammUlaria roseoalba Boedeker 9ii4 

R 15964 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 12417 

R 15964 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9114 

R n MammUlaria rubrograndis Lau & Reppenhagen ;o5« 
R ;596-) Mexico I0S8 

V II MammUlaria saboae C. Glass var. ^oUii C. Glass & 

R. Foster 7058 

V 15964 Mexico - Sonora 72«7 

V II MammUlaria saboae C. Glass var. saboae loss 

V IS964 Mexico 7058 

E n MammUlaria san-angelensis Sanchez-Mej. 9ii4 

E 15964 Mexico - Mexico D.F. 9114 

E II MammUlaria sanchez-mejoradae R. Gonzalez G. 20067 
E 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 20067 



V n MammUlaria schiedeana Ehrenb. var. dumetorum 

(J.A. Purpus) C. Glass & R. Foster 12469 

V 14267 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14267 

V 11 MammUlaria schiedeana Ehrenb. var. 

schiedeana loss 

V 7'<267 Mexico • Hidalgo /«67 

V 14267 Mexico - Queretaro /■<267 

R II MammUlaria schwarzii Shurly 70j« 
R 74269 Mexico - Guanajuato 14269 

V M MammUlaria senilis Lodd. ;05i 

V 79850 Mexico 7058 

R n MammUlaria setispina Coulter 7058 

R 76J60 Mexico 7058 
R II MammUlaria slevinii (Brilton & Rose) Boedeker 7058 

R 15964 Mexico 7058 

E I MammUlaria solisioides Backeb. 9774 

E 20067 Mexico - Oaxaca 20067 
E 20067 Mexico - Puebia 9114 

R M MammUlaria stella-de-tacubaya Heese 7058 

R 7596'< Mexico 7058 

V II MammUlaria supertexta C. Martius 7058 

V 7596< Mexico 7058 

R II MammUlaria surculosa Boedeker 7058 

R 75964 Mexico 7058 
I II MammUlaria swinglei (Britton & Rose) Boedeker 7058 

I 75964 Mexico 7058 

R M MammUlaria tayloriorum C. Glass & R. Foster 7058 

R IS964 Mexico 7058 
R M MammUlaria tepexicensis i. Meyran 79850 

R I9S50 Mexico 79850 

V u MammUlaria theresae Cutak 9114 

V 76J60 Mexico - Durango 97 7.« 

V II MammUlaria tonalensis D.R. Hunt 7058 

V 79850 Mexico 7058 

R II MammUlaria varieaculeata Buchenau 7053 

R 79850 Mexico 7058 

V II MammUlaria weingartiana Boedeker 7058 

V IS964 Mexico 7058 

R n MammUlaria wiesingeri Boedeker 7058 

R 75964 Mexico 7058 
R II MammUlaria wrightii Engelm. var. 
wrightii 20850 

E 20SS0 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

R n MammUlaria xaltianguensis Sanchez-Mej. 7058 
R 75964 Mexico 7058 

R n MammUlaria yaguensis R.T.Craig 9114 

R 75964 Mexico ■ Sonora 9774 

R M MammUlaria yucatanensis (Brjtion & Rose) 

Orcutt 75964 
R 79850 Mexico - Yucatan 9774 

R M MammUlaria zeilmanniana Boedeker 7058 

R 79850 Mexico 7058 

V 11 MammUlaria zephyranthoides Scheidw. 9774 

V 2726J Mexico - Guanajuato 2726J 

V 79850 Mexico - Oaxaca 9774 

I 11 MammUlaria zeyeriana w. Haage 7058 

I 75964 Mexico 7058 



-100- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: MammiUaria 

\ Matucana aurantiaca 15964 

V 15961 Peru 15964 

\ Matucana formosaF.Riner 15964 

V 1246a Peru IS200 
\ Matucana krahnii (Donald) Bregman 15964 

V 15964 Peru I246S 

\ Matucana madisoniorum (Hutchinson) G. Rowley 15964 
E 15964 Peru I246S 

I Matucana paucicostata F. Ritter 15964 

V 15964 Peru IS200 
\ Matucana tuberculata (Donald) Bregman 15964 

V 12468 Peru IS200 

J Melocactus azureus 15964 

V 15964 Brazil 15964 

n Melocactus azureus ssp. ferreophilus 21307 

I 21307 Brazil 21307 

Melocactus COnoideuS Burning & Brederoo 15964 
E 15964 Brazil (Vitona da Conquisia) 14964 

II Melocactus curvispinus Pfciffer ssp. dawsonii (H. 
Bravo-HoU.) N.P. Taylor 15964 

E 20067 Mexico - Jalisco 20067 

Melocactus deinacanthus Buing & Brederoo 15964 

V 15964 Brazil 14964 
n Melocactus ferreophilus 15964 

V ;596-> Brazil 75964 
Melocactus glaucescens Buining & Brederoo 15964 

V 15964 Brazil /■<964 
] Melocactus harlowii (Brillon & Rose) Vaupel 15964 

E 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) J607 

I Melocactus holguinensis Areces 15954 

E /9/05 Cuba (Holguinl 5607 

I Melocactus margaritaceus 15964 

V 15964 Brazil 75964 
] Melocactus matanzanus Leon 75964 

E 79/05 Cuba (Guantanamo; Maianzas) 5607 
\ Melocactus oaxacensis (Britton & Rose) Backeb. 9774 

V 9774 Mexico - Oaxaca 9774 
\ Melocactus pachyacanthus 15964 

V ;5964 Brazil 75964 

] Melocactus pachyacanthus ssp. viridis 21307 

I 27507 Brazil 27J07 

Melocactus paucispinus G. Heimen & R. Paul 75964 

V 75964 Brazil 74964 

J Melocactus violaceus 15964 

V 75964 Brazil 75964 

II Micranthocereus albicephalus 15964 

I 2/507 Brazil 75964 

J Micranthocereus auriazureus 15964 

R 75964 Brazil 75964 

II Micranthocereus dolichospermaticus 15964 

V 75964 Brazil /5964 

1 Micranthocereus polyanthus 15964 

R 75964 Brazil 75964 

I Micranthocereus streckeri 15964 

V 75964 Brazil 15964 

I Micranthocereus violaciflorus 15964 

R 75964 Brazil 75964 

II Mila caespitosa Britton & Rose 75964 



I 

V 

I 
R 

R 
R 

Ex 

R 

V 



R 
R 
V 



E 72468 Peni /246S 

Neobesseya cubensis (Britton & Rose) Hest. 5607 
1 5607 Cuba 5607 

Neobuxbaumia euphorbioides (Haw.) r. Buxb. 75964 

V 15964 Mexico - Tamaulipas 72457 

V 75964 Mexico - Veracruz 72787 

Neobuxbaumia macrocephala (A. Weber) Dawson 75964 
I /5964 Mexico - Puebla /27S7 

Neobuxbaumia polylopha (DC.) Backeb. 12469 

R /5964 Mexico - Hidalgo 72787 
R 75964 Mexico - Quereiaro 72787 

Neoporteria andreaeana 15964 

R 75964 Argentina 75964 

Neoporteria aricensis (Ritter) Don & G.D. 

Rowley 75964 
R 75964 Chile 79054 

Neoporteria aspillagae 15964 

Ex 790J4 Chile 75964 

Neoporteria bulbocalyx 15954 

R 75964 Argentina 75964 

Neoporteria carrizalensis (Ritter) A. HofTmann var. 
carrizalensis 19034 

V 79054 Chile 79054 

Neoporteria carrizalensis (Ritter) A. HofTmann var. 
totoralensis (Ritter) A. Horrmann 19034 

V 19034 Chile 79054 

Neoporteria chilensis (HUdmann) Britton & 

Rose 75964 
E 75964 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria clavata (Soehr.) Werdermann var. 

nigrihorrida (Backeb.) A. Hoffmann 79054 

V 19034 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria confinis 15954 

R 75964 Chile 75964 

Neoporteria Crispa (F.Ritter) Donald & Rowley 75964 
R 75964 Chile 75964 

Neoporteria curvispina (Bert.) Don & G.D. 
Rowley 75964 

V 19034 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria eriosyzoides (Ritter) Don & G.D. 
Rowley 75964 

V 19034 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria horrida (Reny ex Gay) Hunt var. armata 

(Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 

V 79054 Chile 79054 

Neoporteria horrida (Reny ex Gay) Hunt var. 
coliguayensis (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 

V 79054 Chile 79054 

Neoporteria horrida (Reny ex Gay) Hunt var. 
horrida 19034 

V 19034 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria horrida (Reny ex Gay) Hunt var. 
limariensis (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 

V 79054 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria horrida (Reny ex Gay) Hunt var. 
odoriflora (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 

V 79054 Chile 19034 

Neoporteria islayensis (Forst.) Donald & 

Rowley 75964 
I 19034 Chile 19034 



-101- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Neoporteria 

E 1246a Peni Ii964 

V u Neoporteria jussieui (MonvUle) Britton & Rose var. 

chaniarensis (Rilter) A. Hofrmann 19034 

V 19034 Chile 19034 

I n A'eoporteriayuixieui (Monville) Britton & Rose var. 
chorosensis (Ritter) A. Horfmann 19034 
I 19034 Chile 19034 

V n Neoporteria jussieui (MonvUle) Brilton & Rose var. 

dimorpha (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 

V 19034 Chile 19034 

I n Neoporteria jussieui (MonvUle) Britton & Rose var. 
huascensis (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
I 19034 Chile 19034 

V II Afeoporte/rayUMieui (Monville) Britton* Rose var. 

jussieui 19034 

V 19034 Chile ;90i-» 

I n Neoporteria jussieui (Monville) Britton & Rose var. 

Setosiflora (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
I 19034 Chile ;90J< 
I n A'eoportma_/'ui«'c«I (Monville) Britton* Rose var. 
wagenknechtii (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
I ;90J< Chile 19034 
I II Neoporteria kunzei (Foerster) Backeb. var. confinis 
(Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
I 19034 Chile y90J-( 

V n Neoporteria kunzei (Foerster) Backeb. var. 

kunzei 19034 

V 1S964 Chile 19034 

R II Neoporteria napina (Phil.) Backeb. & D0I2 /5964 

R 1S964 Chile ;90i'» 
E II Neoporteria nidus (Soehr.) Werdermann var. 
COimasensis (Ritter) A. Hoffmann 19034 
E 1S964 Chile /90J.» 
E n Neoporteria nidus (Soehr.) Werdermann var. 
gerocephala (Ito) Ritter 19034 
E 15964 Chile ;90JJ 
E II Neoporteria nidus (Ritter) A. Hoffaiami var. 
multicolor 19034 
E 15964 Chile /90i4 

E U Neoporteria nidus (Soehr.) Britton & Rose var. 
nidus 19034 

E J 5964 Chile y90J.» 
E 11 Neoporteria occulta (Schumann) 15964 
E 15964 Chile ;90J4 

E n Neoporteria odieri (Salm Dyck) 15964 

E ;J96< Chile ;90JJ 
R II Neoporteria pilispina 15964 
R /J96.» Chile ;596<( 

E n Neoporteria recondila (Ritter) Don & G.D. 

Fowley 15964 
E ;596-( Chile 19034 

E n Neoporteria simulans (Ritter) Don & G.D. 

Fowley 1S964 
E 75964 Chile 19034 

R II Neoporteria sociabilis 15964 

R J5964 Chile 75964 

R M Neoporteria strausiana 15964 
R 75964 Argentina 75964 

V n Neoporteria taltalensis Hutchinson 75944 



V 790J4 Chile 790J4 

R n Neoporteria umadeave 15964 
R 75964 Argentina 75964 

V n Neoporteria vallenarensis 15964 

\ 75964 Chile 75964 

R II Neoporteria villicumensis 15954 

R ;5964 Argentina 75964 

R I Obregonia denegrii Fric 75944 

R 20067 Mexico - Tamaulipas 9774 

R II Opuntia anteojoensis D.J. Pinkava 75964 

R 79S4S Mexico 75964 

E n Opuntia atacamensis Phil. 75944 

E 795i5 Chile 75964 
£ II Opuntia aureispina (Brack & Heil) Pinkava & 
Parfitt 20S50. 15964 
E 20iS0 U.S. . Texas 20S50 

R II Opuntia basilaris Engebn. & Bigelow var. aurea 

(E.M. Baxter) W.T. Marsh. 20)50. 14662 
R 20S50 U.S. - Anzona 20S50 
I 20S50 U.S. - Utah 20S50 

£ II Opuntia basilaris Engehn. & Bigelow var. brachyclada 

(Griffiths) Munz 20850 
E 20SS0 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E n Opuntia basilaris Engehn. & Bigelow var. heilii 
Welsh & Neese 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V II Opuntia basilaris Engehn. & Bigelow var. treleasei 

(Coult.) Coult. ex Tourney 20850 
1 20S50 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V II Opuntia basilaris Engehn. & Bigelow var. woodburyi 

W.H. Earle 20S50. 74662 
20S50 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R n Opuntia bigelovii Engehn. 20850. 14662 

I 20850 US - Anzona 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

? Mexico 75964 

V II Opuntia bigelovii Engehn. var. hoffmannii 

Fosberg 20850 
I 20850 U.S. . California 20850 

I II Opuntia borinquensis Britt. & Rose 75964 

I 75706 Pueno Rico 74662 

I II Opuntia brachyclada 15964 

I 75964 United Stales of Amenca 75964 

R II Opuntia bravoana E. Baxter 72469 

R 75964 Mexico 72469 

R II Opuntia camachoi 15964 

R 75964 Chile 75964 

R n Opuntia chaffeyi Britton & Rose 72449 

R 19850 Mexico 72469 

R n Opuntia clavarioides is964 

R 75944 Argentina 75964 

R II Opuntia clavata Engehn. 20S50. i5964 

1 20850 U.S. ■ Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

I n Opuntia echios J. Howell var. barringtonensis E. 
Dawson 7777 7 
1 75964 Ecuador - Galapagos (Santa Fe) 7/777 



-102- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Opuntia 

I N Opuntia echios }.Hoy/eU\ar. echios IIII7 

I 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos fllJ7 
I 11 Opuntia echios J. Howell var. gigantea (J. Howell) 
D. Porter JIII7 
I 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos (Santa Cniz) 11117 
I II Opuntia echios J. Howell var. inermis E. 
Dawson inn 
I 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos (V. Sierra Negra. Isabela) 
II1I7 

I 11 Opuntia echios i. Howell var. zacana 11. Howell) 
E.F. Anders. & Walk. 11117 
I 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos (Floreana) 11117 
E U Opuntia engelmannii (GrifHths) Parfitt & Pinkava var. 
flexospina (Griffiths) Parfitt & Pinkava 20850 
E 20SS0 U.S. - Texas 20S50 
E n Opuntia engelmannii (Griffiths) Parntt & Pinkava var. 
linguiformis (Griffiths) Parfitt & Pinkava 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
R II Opuntia excelsa Sanchez-Mej. 12469 
R 19850 Mexico - Jalisco 16385 

I II Opuntia flexospina 15964 

I 15964 United States of Amenca 15964 
1 M Opuntia fosbergii 15964 

I 15964 United States of Amenca 15964 
R II Opuntia fulgida Eagetm. 20850.14662 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

? Mexico 15964 

V II Opuntia fuliginosa Griffiths 12469 

V 16385 Mexico - Morelos 16385 

I II Opuntia galapageia Henslow var. 
galapageia lun 

I 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 
I II Opuntia galapageia Henslow var. macrocarpa E. 
Dawson 11117 
I 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos (Pinzon) 11117 
I n Opuntia galapageia Henslow var. profusa E.F. 
Anderson & Walkington 11117 
1 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos (Rabida) 11117 

V n Opuntia gosseliniana A. Weber 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V 11 Opuntia heacockiae Arp 20850. 15964 

I 20850 U.S. -Colorado 20S50 

R n Opuntia helleri Schmaami 11117 

R 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 
E II Opuntia imbricata Haw. var. argentea 
Anthony 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

R n Opuntia insularis a. Stewart ;;;/7 

R /596.< Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

E n Opunftayamaice/iiix Britton& Harris 20«8i. ;596'< 

E 13336 Jamaica 20883 

Ex II Opuntia linguiformis 15964 

Ex /JPS^ United States of America 15964 
R 11 Opuntia littoralis (Engebn.) Cockerell 20850. 15964 
I 20850 U.S. -Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
? Mexico 15964 

V II Opuntia macracantha 15964 

V ;9;05 Cuba ;9J05 



V n 

V n 

V II 

R n 

R 11 

R II 

R II 

I !! 

E II 

R 11 

E II 

R II 

R II 



R n 

E 11 

R II 

V n 

R II 



Opuntia martiniana (L. Benson) Parfitt 20850, 15964 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Opuntia megarhiza Rose 12469 

V /9850 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 19850 
Opuntia megasperma J. Howell var. 

megasperma in 17 

V 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos (Champion; Floreana) 

5670 

Opuntia megasperma J. Howell var. mesophytica 
Lundh ;;;;/ 

R 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

Opuntia megasperma 3. Howell var. orientalis (J. 

Howell) D. Porter 11117 
R 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

Opuntia microdasys (j. uhm.) Pfeiffer var. 

albispina Fobe /2'<69 
R ;.»290 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14290 

Opuntia molinensis 15964 
R 15964 Argentina 15964 
Opuntia multigeniculata 15964 

I 15964 United States of Amenca 15964 

Opuntia munzii C.B. Wolf 20850. 15964 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Opuntia oricola Philbrick 20850. 14662 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
7 Mexico 15964 

Opuntia pachypus Schumann 12468 
E 15964 Peru 12468 

Opuntia parryi Engebn. 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

Opuntia polyacantha Haw. yar. juniperina (Britt. & 

Rose) L. Benson 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Opuntia pusilla (Haw.) Nutt. 15964 
I /9002 U.S. - North Carolina 14662 
Opuntia rosarica G. Lindsay 16385 
R 19848 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 
/6J85 

Opuntia sanguinea Proctor 20883. 13336 
E 13336 Jamaica 2088J 

Opuntia santamaria (Baxter) H. Bravo-HoU. 16385 
R 19848 Mexico - Baja California Sur 16385 
Opuntia santa-rita (Griffiths & Hare) Rose 20850, 

15964 
I 20850 U.S. - 

I 20850 U.S. - 

I 20850 U.S. 

Opuntia saxicola J. Howell 11117 
R 15964 Ecuador - Galapagos {V. Cerro Azul, Isabela) 
11117 

Opuntia spinosissima P. Mill. 20883. 208SO. 15964 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Florida 20850 

R 20883 Jamaica 20«8i 

R 20883 Pueno Rico 20883 

R 20S83 British Virgin Is. (Green Cay) 20883 

R 20883 USA - Virgin Is. 20833 



■ Arizona 20850 

■ New Mexico 20850 
- Texas 20850 



-103- 



R 

V 

I 
I 
V 



V 
R 



II 



II 



II 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Opuntia 

V n Opuntia stenopetala Engelm. var. inerme H. 
Bravo-HoU. I63SS 

V I63S5 Mexico - Hidalgo I61S5 

V I63S5 Mexico - Queretaro I63S5 

II Opuntia tarapacana Phil. is964 

R I9S35 Chile 15964 

n Opuntia tetracantha Toumey 2osa3. losso. i!964 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20S50 
I 20SS3 Mexico 20883 

n Opuntia treleasei Coult. i4662 
I 15964 U.S. - California 14662 
Opuntia wemeri 21307 

I 21307 Brazil 21307 

Opuntia whipplei Engebn. & Bigelow 20850. 14662 

I 20S50 U.S. • Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Colorado 20850 

V 20W0 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
I 20450 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20*50 

Opuntia whipplei Engelm. & Bigelow var. 

multigeniculata (Clokey) L. Benson 20850 
I U.S. - Anzona 

E 20J50 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Opuntia wigginsii L. Benson 20850. 15964 
I 20S50 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Opuntia yanganucensis (Rauh & Backeb.) G. 
Rowley 15964 

E 12468 Peru 15964 

Oreocereus australis 15964 

V 15964 Chile 15964 
Oreocereus hempelianus (Guerke) D. Hunt 15964 

V 15964 Chile 5598 
R 18200 Peru 15964 

M Ortegocactus macdougallii Alex. ;2*S9 

V 75964 Mexico 12469 

n Pachycereus fulviceps (F.A.C. Weber ex Schumann) D. 
Hunt 15964 

R /9850 Mexico 79850 
n Pachycereus gaumeri Brittoo & Rose ;596-» 

E 19848 Mexico - Chiapas 16385 

E 19848 Mexico - Yucatan ;6JS5 

I Pediocactus bradyi L. Benson 20850. 15964 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
I Pediocactus despainii Welsh & Goodrich 20850 /596.< 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

I Pediocactus knowltonii L. Benson 20850. 15964 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 

Pediocactus paradinei B.w. Benson 20850 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - Aruona 20850 

Pediocactus peeblesianus (Croizat) l. Benson 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

Pediocactus peeblesianus (CroUat) L. Benson var. 
fickeiseniae L. Benson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Anzona 20850 

Pediocactus peeblesianus (Croizat) L. Benson var. 
peeblesianus 20850. 20079 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
Pediocactus Sileri (Engelm.) L. Benson 20850. 19582 
R 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 



II 



II 



R 



I 



II 



I 



I 



I 



E 
R 
V 

R 
R 



R 



R 




R 


^ 


I 




R 




R 




R 




R 




R 




R 




V 





E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Pediocactus simpsonii (Engelm.) Britt. & Rose var. 

minor (Engelm.) Cockerell 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. • Utah 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Pediocactus winkleri Heil 20850 iS964 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Pelecyphora aselliformis Ehrenb. i5964 

R 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 
Pelecyphora strobiliformis (Werderm.) Fric & 
Schelle ;596.» 

V 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 12437 
E 20067 Mexico -Tamaulipas 9;/J 

Peniocereus cuixmalensis Sanchez-Mej. ;5964 

R 19850 Mexico ;596.» 

Peniocereus fosterianus Cutak var. 
fosterianus 12469 

R 15964 Mexico 12469 

Peniocereus fosterianus Cutak var. multitepalus 

Sanchez-Mej. 
I 15964 Mexico ;596.» 

Peniocereus fosterianus Cutak var. nizandensis 

Sanchez-Mej. 14255 
R ;596'» Mexico ■ Chiapas ;«55 
R ;596J Mexico - Oaxaca 14255 

Peniocereus greggii Britton & Rose 15964 
I 15964 U.S. - Arizona 8058 
1 8058 U.S. - California 8058 
I 8058 U.S. - New Mexico 8058 
I 8058 U.S. - Texas 8058 

R 19850 Mexico 8058 

Peniocereus greggii var. greggii 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20S50 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Peniocereus lazaro-cardenasii (Contereras) D. 

Hunt 15964 

R 19850 Mexico 19850 

Peniocereus maculatus fWeing.) Cuiak 12469 

R 15964 Mexico - Guerrero 16385 
Peniocereus marianus (Gentry) Sanchez-Mej. 12469 
R 15964 Mexico - Sinaloa /6i85 
R ;596.» Mexico - Sonora 76585 

Peniocereus rosei G. Ortega 12469 
I 15964 Mexico 12469 

Peniocereus striatus (Brandegee) F. Bauxhaum 15964 
R 19893 U.S. - Anzona ;9«9J 
R 19893 Mexico 19893 

Peniocereus tepalcatepecanus Sanchez-Mej. 12469 

R 15964 Mexico - Michoacan /6iS5 
Peniocereus zopilotensis (J. Meyran) F. Buxham 15964 
R 15964 Mexico . Guenero 72787 

Pereskia aureiflora Ritter 20S83. 15964 

R 20883 Brazil 2088J 

Pereskia bahiensis Gurke 20S83. 15964 

R 20883 Brazil 20SSJ 

Pereskia diaz-romeroana Cardenas 208Si. i5964 

R 20883 Bolivia 2088J 

Pereskia grandifolia Haw. var. violacea 
Leuenberger 20883 



-104- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Pereskia 

R 20SS3 Brazil 20SS3 

V II Pereskia humboldtii Britton & Rose var. 

humboldtii lossj 

V 20S83 Peru 208il 

V n Pereskia humboldtii Britton & Rose var. rauhii 

(Backeberg) Leuenber 20881 

V 20883 Peru 20883 

R II Pereskia portulacifolia (Linnaeus) De 
CandoUe 20883. 5642 



20883 Dominican Republic 20883 
20883 Haiti 20883 



II 



Pereskia quisqueyana Liogier 20883. 15964 
E 20883 Dominican Republic 20883 

II Pereskia weberiana K. Schumann. 20883. 15964 

V 20883 Bolivia 208W 

n Pereskia unniiflora De CandoUe zossj. i5964 

R 208SJ Cuba 20S8J 
II Pilosocereus aurisetus ssp. aurilanatus 21307 
I 2/J07 Brazil 2;J07 

II Pilosocereus floccosus ssp. 
quadricostatus 21307 

I 2;J07 Brazil 2;i07 

n Pilosocereus fulvilanatus 15964 
R ;596.( Brazil 15964 

11 Pilosocereus robinii (L.) Byles & Rowley 20««j, 

20S50. 19718 
I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

V /5964 Cuba 15964 

I 2088J Pueno Rico 2088J 

I 20883 USA - Virgin Is. 70883 

II Pilosocereus robinii var. deeringii (Small) Kaiiesz & 

Gandhi 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Rorida 20850 

II Pilosocereus robinii (L.) Byles & Rowley var. 
robinii 20SS3. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

I 20S8J Cuba 2088J 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 2088i 

I 208SJ USA - Virgin Is. 20883 

n Pilosocereus rosae 15964 

R 15964 Brazil 75964 

n Pilosocereus tehuacanus (Weing.) Byles & Rowl. 15964 

R 72787 Mexico - Puebia 72787 

n Pilosocereus ulei i5964 

R 75964 Brazil 15964 

Pilosocereus vilaboensis 15964 

R 75964 Brazil 75964 
Pseudorhipsalis alata (Swaiiz) Britton & Rose 75964 

V 13336 Jamaica 75964 
Pseudorhipsalis lankesleri (Kimnach) W. 

Baithlott 75964 
R 75964 Costa Rica 75964 

Pyrrhocactus duripulpa Ritt. 5598 

R 5598 Chile 5598 

II Pyrrhocactus esmeraldana Ritt. 559s 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

II Pyrrhocactus fankhauseri Ritt. 5598 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

II Pyrrhocactus fulva Ritt. 5598 

V 5598 Chile 5598 



II 



II 



II 



R 

E 

E 

E 

R 

Ex 

E 

E 

R 

Ex 

E 

R 

E 

E 

E 



R 
E 

V 
E 
R 



I Pyrrhocactus hypogea Ritt. 5598 

R 5598 Chile 5598 

I Pyrrhocactus imitans Backeb. 5598 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

n Pyrrhocactus krausii Ritt. 75964 

E 795J5 Chile 75964 

I Pyrrhocactus laniceps Ritt. 5598 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

1 Pyrrhocactus limariensis 15964 

R 75964 Chile 75964 

1 Pyrrhocactus longirama Ritt. 5598 

Ex 5598 Chile 5598 

1 Pyrrhocactus malleota Ritt. 5598 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

II Pyrrhocactus napinus Philippi 5598 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

Pyrrhocactus nigriscoparia Backeb. 559s 

R 5598 Chile 5598 

Pyrrhocactus nuda Ritt. 5598 

Ex 5598 Chile 5598 

Pyrrhocactus odieri Ritt. 5598 

E 5598 Chile 5598 

Pyrrhocactus olivana Ritt. 795J4 

R 795i4 Chile 795J4 

Pyrrhocactus pseudoreichei Lembcke & Backeb. 5598 

E 795J5 Chile 5598 

\ Pyrrhocactus reichei Schumann 5598 

E 795J5 Chile 5598 

1 Rebutia neumanniana 15964 
E 16336 Argentina 76JJ6 
E 20785 Argentina - Jujuy (Humahuaca) 20175 

\ Rhipsalis baccifera ssp. hileiabaiana 21307 

I 27507 Brazil 2/J07 

\ Rhipsalis burchellii 75964 

I 27J07 Brazil 75964 
I Rhipsalis cereoides 15964 

I 27507 Brazil 75964 
1 Rhipsalis mesembryanthoides 15964 

I 27507 Brazil 75964 

I Rhipsalis pacheo-leonis ssp. 
pacheo-leonis 21307 

I 27507 Brazil 27507 

I Rhipsalis pilocarpa 15964 
I 27507 Brazil 75964 

I Schlumbergera kautskyi 15964 

R 75964 Brazil 75964 

I Schlumbergera orssichiana 15964 

E 75964 Brazil 75964 

I Schlumbergera truncata 15964 

V 75964 Brazil 75964 

Sclerocactus blainei Welsh & Thome 208S0 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Sclerocactus erectocentrus (Coult.) n.p. 

Taylor 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Sclerocactus erectocentrus var. acunensis (W.T. 

Marsh) H. Bravo 20883 



-105- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots); Cactaceae: Sclerocactus 

V 20078 U.S. - Arizona 2007* 

I 20883 Mexico 2088J 

I 20078 Mexico - Sonora 9114 

R I Sclerocactus glauCUS (J.A. Purpus ex K. Schum.) L. 
Benson 20SiO. 15964 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



Colorado 20850 
Utah 20850 



II 



II 



Sclerocactus mariposensis (Hester) N.P. 

Taylor 208S3. 20850. 15964 

V 20«J0 U.S. -Texas 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

V 19850 Mexico - Coahuila 8058 

Sclerocactus mesae-verdae (Boissevain ex Boissevain & C. 
Davids.) L. Benson 20850. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

Sclerocactus papyracanthus (Engelm.) N.P. 

Taylor 20883. 20850. 15964 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

I 2088J Mexico 20883 

Sclerocactus parviflorus Clover & Jotier var. 

intermedius (Peebles) Woodruff & L. Benson 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Sclerocactus schtesseri Hefl & Welsh 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
Sclerocactus spinosior (Engelm.) Woodruff & L. 

Benson 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Coloiado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Sclerocactus unguispinus (Engelm.) N.P. Taylor 15964 
R 79850 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 15964 
Sclerocactus whipplei (Eng. & Bigel.) Britton & Rose var. 

heilii Castetter, Pierce & Schwerin 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

I Sclerocactus wrightiae L. Benson 2085O 15964 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

u Selenicereus anthonyanus (Alex.) D.R. Hunt 15964 

V 14253 Mexico - Chiapas 12469 

n Selenicereus atropilosus Kimnach ;6j90 

R ;6J85 Mexico - Jalisco 16385 

n Selenicereus brevispinus Britton & Rose 5607 

R 15964 Cuba (Camaguey) 5607 

II Selenicereus chrysocardium (Alexander) Kimnach 15964 

V ;9850 Mexico - Chiapas 14249 

V 19850 Mexico - Tabasco 14249 

II Selenicereus donkelaarii (Sabn-Dyck) Britton & 

Rose 15964 
R 14254 Mexico - Yucatan /2'^rt9 
n Selenicereus hamatus (Scheidw.) Britton & Rose 12469 
R 15964 Mexico 12469 

11 Selenicereus innesii Kimnach 5607 

I 15964 St Vincent (near Owia) 8767 
n Stenocactus coptonogonus (Lemaire) A. Berger 

R 19850 Mexico 15964 
n Stenocactus sulphureus (Dietrich) H. 
Bravo-HoUis /9850 



II 



R /9850 Mexico ;596-< 

R II Stenocereus chacalapensis (H. Bravo-HoU. & Macdougail) F. 

Buxb. 

R 72787 Mexico - Oaxaca 12787 

V n Stenocereus eruca (K. Brandegee) Gibson & 

Horak 72787 
E 20067 Mexico - Baja California Peninsula 

72«7 

V 20067 Mexico - Baja California Sur 20067 

R II Stenocereus martinezii (G. Ortega) H. Bravo-HoU. 

R ;98.»8 Mexico - Sinaloa 72787 

R n Tacinga braunii 15964 

R 7596-» Brazil 75964 

V n Thelocactus bicolor (Pfeiffer) Britton & Rose var. 

bolaensis (Runge) A. Berger 12437 

V 12437 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 

V n Thelocactus bicolor (Pfeiffer) Britton & Rose var. 

flavidispinus Backeberg 20883. 20850. 19002 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 
I 2088J Mexico 20883 

V II Thelocactus bicolor (Pfeiffer) Britton & Rose var. 

SChwarzii (Backeberg) E.F. Anderson 20067 

V 20067 Mexico ■ Tamaulipas 20067 

V II Thelocactus conothelos (Regel & Klein) Backeberg & Knuth 

var. argenteus C. Glass & R. Foster 7-72S7 

V 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 20067 

V II Thelocactus conothelos (Regel & Klein) Backeberg & Knuth 

var. aurantiacus C. Glass & R. Foster 11419 

V 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 77479 

V II Thelocactus hastifer (Werderm. & Bodecker) F.M. 

Knuth 15964 

V 20067 Mexico - Queretaro 20067 

R II Thelocactus heterochromus (A. Weber) v. Oosten 7596-* 

R 79850 Mexico 7596.< 
R II Thelocactus leucacanthus (Zucc.) Britton & Rose var. 
ehrenbergii (Pfeiffer) H. Bravo-HoU. 19850 

R 79850 Mexico 15964 

V 11 Thelocactus macdowellii (Rebut ex Quehl) c. 

Glass 72529 

V 20067 Mexico - Coahuila 12437 

R II Thelocactus rinconensis (Poselger) Britton & Rose var. 
nidulans (Quehl) Glass & R. Foster 79850 
R 79850 Mexico 19850 

V M Thelocactus tulensis (Poselger) Britton & Rose 7596< 

V ;596.» Mexico 72-769 

V II Thelocactus tulensis (Poselger) Britton & Rose var. 

matudae (Sanchez-Mejorada & A. Lau) E.F. /Uiderson 7-<28/ 

V 20067 Mexico ■ Nuevo Leon 75964 

E u Thelocephala krausii 15964 

E 7596.< Chile 7596-< 

E II Trichocereus atacamensis (Philippi) MarshaU & 

Bock 77 748 
E 795i'» Chile 777.»8 

V 7 Turbinicarpus gielsdorfianus (Werderm.) John & 

Riha 15964 

V 19850 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9774 

V 27265 Mexico - Tamaulipas 21263 

V 7 Turbinicarpus hoferi J.M. Luihy & A.B. Lau 21384. 

19850 

V 79850 Mexico 79850 



-106- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cactaceae: Turbinicarpus 

R / Turbinicarpus knuthianus (Boed.) John & Riha IS964 
R 12469 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 15964 

V I Turbinicarpus laui C. Glass & R. Foster 9114 

V 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 9114 

V ; Turbinicarpus lophophoroides (Werdenn.) F. Buxb. & 

Backeb. 14273 

V I6}60 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14271 

V ; Turbinicarpus mandragora (Berger) A. Zimmerman ;596-« 

V I9S50 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 

V 1 Turbinicarpus pseudomacrochele (Backeb.) F. Buxb. & 

Backeb. 20067 

V 20067 Mexico - Queretaro 9114 
I I Turbinicarpus saueri (Boedeker) John & Riha IS964 

I I9S50 Mexico - Coahuila 9114 
I 19850 Mexico - Tamaulipas 14273 

E / Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Bodeker) F. Buxb. & Backeb. 
ym.flaviflorus (G. Frank) C. Glass & R. Foster 14273 
E 14273 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 14273 
E 14273 Mexico - San Luis Potosi /■»27J 
E 14273 Mexico - Tamaulipas 14273 

V I Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Bodeker) F. Buxb. & Backeb, 

var. gracilis (C. Glass & R. Foster) C. Glass & R. 
Foster 14273 

V 14273 Mexico ■ Nuevo Leon 14273 

V 1 Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Bodeker) F. Buxb. & Backeb. 

var. klinkerianus (Backeberg & H.J. Jacobsen) C. Glass & R. 
Foster 14273 

V 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi 14273 

V ; Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Bodeker) F. Buxb. & Backeb. 

var. macrochele (Werderm.) C. Glass & R. Foster 14273 

V 20067 Mexico ■ San Luis Potosi 14273 

V I Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Bodeker) F. Buxb. & Backebj. 

var. schmiedickeanus 90I9 

V 20O67 Mexico - Tamaulipas 14273 

V i Turbinicarpus schmiedickeanus (Bodeker) F. Buxb. & Backeb|. 

var. schwarzii (Shurly) C. Glass & R. Foster 14273 

V 20067 Mexico - San Luis Potosi /■<27i 

V / Turbinicarpus schwarzii (Shurly) Backeb. 2I3S4. 

15964 

V 2/26i Mexico - Tamaulipas 21263 

V I Turbinicarpus subterraneus (Backeb.) A. Zimmerman var. 

Zaragosae (Glass & Foster) A. Zimmerman 20067 

V 20067 Mexico - Nuevo Leon 20067 

V I Turbinicarpus swobodae L. Diers 2i3S4. i9S50 

V 19850 Mexico 19850 

V I Turbinicarpus ysabelae (K. Schlange) John & 

Riha 21384. 15964 

V 19850 Mexico 15964 

E / Uebelmannia buiningii Donald 14964 

E 15964 Brazil • Minas Gerais (east) 14964 

Uebelmannia flavispina Buining & Brederoo 2i3S4. 

14964 
R 15964 Brazil - Minas Gerais (east) 14964 

V / Uebelmannia gummifera (Backeb. & VoU) Buining 14964 

V 15964 Brazil - Minas Geiais (east) 14964 
I ; Uebelmannia pectiniferaBuinssp. flavispina 

(Buin. & Bred.) Braun & Est 21307 
I 2;J07 Brazil 21307 

V / Uebelmannia pectinifera Buin. ssp. horrida (Braun) 

Braun & Est 21384. 14964 



V 15964 Brazil - Minas Gerais (east) 14964 

V ; Uebelmannia pectinifera Buining var. 

pectinifera i4964 

V 15964 Biazil - Minas Gerais (east) 14964 

V / Uebelmannia pectinifera Buining var. 

pseudopectinifera 14964 

V 15964 Brazil - Minas Gerais 14964 

R n Weberocereus bradei (Bntton & Rose) Rowley i5964 

R 14260 Costa Rica 15964 
R M Weberocereus imitans (Kimnach & Hutch.) D. 
Hunt 15964 

R 14260 Costa Rica 15964 
E II Weberocereus rosei 15964 

E 15964 Ecuador 15964 

I n Weberocereus tonduzii (A. Weber) Rowley is964 

I 14253 Costa Rica 15964 

V 14253 Panama 14253 

R II Weberocereus trichophorus Johnson & Kimnach 14255 
R ;«55 Costa Rica 14255 

Callitrichaceae 

Number of genera; 1 

Number of species: 3 5 

Recorded threatened species: 5 (14%) 

Cosmopolitan, centered in temperate zones. 
R Callitriche brachycarpa Hegehn. 206«; 

I 2065/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

V Callitriche cyclocarpa Hegehn. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

E Callitriche fassettii Schoismaa 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V Callitriche longipedunculata Morong 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Callitriche trochlearis Fassett 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -Oregon 20850 



Calycanthaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

China; North America. 



(60%) 



E Calycanthus brockiana Ferry & Ferry 208so 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

V Calycanthus chinensis Cheng & S.Y. Chang /76;7 

V 776/7 China - Zhejiang (Lingan. Tiantai) 
11139 

R Calycanthus occidentalis Hook. & Am. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 



Calyceraceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Central and South America. 



6 

60 

1 



(1%) 



Nastanthus falklandicus David Moore 

R Falkland Is. 



-107- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Calyceraceae: Naslanlhus 

Campanulaceae 

Number of genera: 7 o 

Number of species: 2,000 

Recorded threatened species: 4 2 8 (21%) 

Cosmopolitan. 

V Adenophora hatsusimae Kiiam. loni 

V ;057J Japan 10571 

I Adenophora jacutica Fed. 5942 

1 S942 Russia (Far East) - Khabarovsk 5941 

V Adenophora maximowicziana Makino 10573 

V 10571 Japan 10571 

R Adenophora takedae Makino var. howozana 

Sugimoto 10571 

R 10571 Japan 10571 
R Adenophora tashiroi Makino & Nakai 10573 

R 10573 Japan ]0573 
R Adenophora taurica (Suliaczev) Juz. sooo. 201 7; 

R former European USSR SOOO 

R Adenophora teramotoi Hurusawa & Vamaz. 10573 

R ;0J7J Japan ;057J 
R Adenophora triphylla A. DC. var. puellaris 

Hara ;057J 

R ;057J Japan ;057i 
I Apetahia longistigmata (F. Brown) F. Wimmer 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 
R Apetahia margaretae (F.Brown) F. Wimmer 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 
20845 

E Apetahia raiateensis Baillon 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Raiatea) 
20845 

R Asyneuma babadaghensis Yildiz & Kit Tan i2840 

R ;2S<0 Turkey /JSW 
R Asyneuma comosiforme Hayek & Janch. 20ns. 20171 

R 20; 7S Albania 20/ 7S 
R Asyneuma compactum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Damtwldt ;28.(o 

R ;28.«) Turkey ;2S40 
R Asyneuma davisianum Yildiz & Kit Tan 12840 

R ;28'«) Turkey ;2S40 
R /tyneuma ekimianum Kit Tan & Yikdiz ;2S'(0 

R 12840 Turkey ;28'(0 

V Aj>>Reum<i ^i^a/ireum (Boiss.) Bornm. ;789; 

V 207J/ Greece - East Aegean Is 207j; 

R Asyneuma ilgazensis Yildiz & Kit Tan 12840 

R ;28-K) Turkey 12840 

R Asyneuma isauricum Contandr. & al. ;28.(o 

R ;2S'«) Turkey 12840 
R Asyneuma linifolium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Bornm. ssp. 

eximium (Rech.f.) Damlioldt ;2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2«40 

V Asyneuma linifolium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Bornm. ssp. 

glabrum Kit Tan & YUdiz 12840 

V ;2840 Turkey I2S40 

V Asyneuma linifolium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Bornm. ssp. 

nallihanicum Kit Tan & Yildiz ;28«) 

V /2S.I0 Turkey 12840 

R Asyneuma lycium (Boiss.) Bornm. ;2S.»o 

R ;2««) Turkey ;28.<0 



R Asyneuma pulvinatum Davis /28.»o 

R 12840 Turkey /28-(0 
R Asyneuma rigidum (WUid.) Grossh. ssp. graminifolium 

Huber-Mor. 12840 

R ;2S«) Turkey I2S40 

R Asyneuma trichostegium (Boiss.) Bornm. ;2s-«) 

R ;28J0 Turkey 12840 

V Azorina vidalii (H.C.Watson) Feer 8000. 20171 

V ;9/74 Portugal - Azores 19174 

V Berenice arguta Tul. ;oo«2 

V /•(2J4 Reunion 14234 

E Brighamia insignis Gray 20850. /-<209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i, Ni'ihau) 20850 
E Brighamia rockii St. John 20850. M209 

E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii (Moloka'i) 20850 

E Burmeistera darienensis Wilbur 20S8J, sooe 

I 2O88J Panama 20883 

E Burmeistera dendrophila F. Wimmer 208Si. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 
E Burmeistera dukei Wilbur 2088J, 9006 

i 20883 Panama 20883 

V Burmeistera glauca (F. Wimmer) Gleason 208SJ. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Burmeistera hammelii wubur 2os8j. ;o747 

I 20883 Panama 20S8J 

E Burmeistera kirkbridei Wilbur 2088J. 9006 

1 20883 Panama 20883 

E Burmeistera mcvaughii Wilbur 208«j 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 
E Burmeistera morii Wilbur 208S3. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Burmeistera panamensis Wilbur 208SJ, 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 
E Burmeistera pinnatisecta Luteyn 20S83 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

E Burmeistera pirrensis wubur 20«8J, 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20SSJ 
R Burmeistera resupinata Zahlbr. var. heilbomii 

Wimm. J 1351 
R II15I Ecuador ni5J 
E Burmeistera toroensis Wilbur 2088I. 9006 

I 20SS3 Panama 2088J 

V Burmeistera utleyi Wilbur 2ossj, 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20881 

I Campanula abietina Griseb. 19321. 20171 

I ;9J2/ Slovakia ;9J2/ 
R Campanula adsurgens Leresche & Levier 20/7/ 

R Spain 

R Campanula aghrica Kit Tan & Sorger ;2s<o 

R I2S40 Turkey ;2S-H) 

I Campanula aizoon Boiss. & Spruner ssp. aizoides 

(Zaffran) Fedorov SOOO. 20171 
I 207j; Greece (Mt Chelmos) SOOO 

V Campanula aizoon Boiss. & Spnmer ssp. 

aizoon sooo. 20171 

V ;</55 Greece (Pamassos; Giona) SOOO 

I Campanula akhdarensis Miller & Whiicombe 20/« 

I 20146 Oman (northem) 20;.(6 



-108- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Campanula 

R Campanula alata Desf. 

R Algena 

R Tunisia 

R Campanula albicans (Buser) Engler 2052s 

R 20528 France (Alpes-Maritimes) 20528 
R Campanula alphonsii Wall, ex DC. i}883 

R I3SS3 India (Nilgins and Palany Hills and Western 
Ghats) 13883 

V Campanula angustiflora Eastw. 20850 

I 20850 US, - California 20S50 

R Campanula antalyensis AyasUgil & Kit Tan i284o 

R ;28-(0 Turkey 12840 
R Campanula antiatlantica Maire M. Weiller & Wilczek 

R Morocco 

R Campanula apennina (Podlech) Podlech 20/ 7; 

R Italy 

I Campanula ardonensis Rupr. 5942 

I 59'(2 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
R Campanula argentea Lam. /28<io 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 
R Campanula atlantica Coss. & Dnrieu 

R Algeria 

R Tunisia 

I Campanula aurasiaca (Baltand. & Trabut) Ozenda 10488 

I 14958 Algena 10488 

I Campanula autraniana Albov 59'»2 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 

E Campanula barborensis Quezel i04as 

E ;495S Algeria ;0488 

R Campanula beckiana Hayek 20/7; 

1 Austria 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Campanula bipinnatifida Davis /2S'«) 

R ;28«) Turkey ;2S'W 

V Campanula bohemica Hruby sooo. 20/7/ 

V 2050 Czech Republic {Sudeten mountains) 8000 

R Campanula bommuelleri Nab. ;28<o 

R /2«-«) Turkey 12840 

R Campanula califomica (Kellogg) HcUer 20S50 

R 208J0 U.S. -California 20850 

R Campanula caipatha Halacsy 20; 7; 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 

R Campanula choruhensis Kit Tan & Sorger /28<o 

R ;284« Turkey /2S'K) 

R Campanula columnaris Contandr. et al 

R Greece (Vardousia) 

R Cam;7anu/a con^Iann'ni Beauverd & Topali 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula coriacea Davis ;2S'«) 

R ;2S'<0 Turkey 12840 

R Campanula cretica (ADC.) D. Dietr. /9;2/ 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207iO 
R Campanula creutzburgii Greuter 20/7/ 

R 20730 Greece - Crete 2O7J0 

R Campanula cymaea Phitos 20/7/ 

R Greece 

E Campanula damboldtiana Davis & Sorger /28'W 

E ;.<;97 Turkey 12840 

R Campanula davisii Turrill ;28«) 



R 12840 Turkey ;28-«) 

R Campanula delicatulaBoiss. 20171 

R 207j; Greece - East Aegean Is 20731 
I Campanula dolomitica E. Busch 59<<2 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
R Campanula ekimiana Giiner 12840 

R ;2S-«) Turkey ;28-«7 
R Campanula elatinoides Moretii 20/7; 

R Italy 

I Campanula engurensis Charadze 5942 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
I 5942 Georgia 59.<2 

R Campanula euboica Phiios 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula exigua Rattan 20850 

R 20850 US- ■ California 20850 

R Campanula feneslrellataFeer 20171 

I 20SJ2 Croatia 208J2 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

V Campanula forsythii (Arcaag.) Podlech 20171 

V Italy - Sardinia 

R Campanula fruticulosa (Schwarz & Davis) 

Damboldl 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28-«) 
E Campanula gelida Kovanda 8000, 20/71 

E 2050 Czech Republic (northern Moravia) 695/ 
R Campanula goulimyi Turrill 201 7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula hagielia Boiss. 

R Greece 

R Campanula hakkarica Davis /28«) 

R ;28.«) Turkey ;28«) 

R Campanula hedgei Davis ;28.<o 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 

V Campanula hercegovina Degen & Fiala :o;7/ 

R 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 21091 

V (former) Yugoslavia 

R Campanula heterophylla L. 20; 7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula hierapetrae Rech.f. 20/7; 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 
R Campanula incurva Aucher ex A.DC. 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula isaurica Contandr. et al. /28<M 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Campanula isophylla Moretti ;s26.». 20/7; 

V 18264 Italy 18264 

R Campanula jacquinii (Sieber) A.DC. 20750 

R 20750 Greece - Crete 20730 

R Campanula jaubertiana Timb.-Lagr. 20/7; 

R France 

R Spain 

I Campanula karakuschensis Grossh. 5942 

I 5942 Armenia 5942 
R Campanula keniensis Tbulin 

R Kenya (Masai distr.) 7959 

I Campanula komarovii Maleev 5942 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
I Campanula kryophila Rupr. 5942 



-109- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Campanula 

I 5942 Russia ■ North Caucasus 5942 
R Campanula laciniata L. 2oni 

I 20711 Greece (Cyclades) 20731 
R Campanula lanala Friv. I9709. 20171 

R 79709 Bulgana 19709 

R Campanula latiloba A. DC. ssp. rizeensis 

Girner /28<W 

R ;2«.(0 Turkey }2S40 
R Campanula lavrensis (Tod & Rohlena) Phitos 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula ledebouriana Trautv. I2840 

R ;2«W Turkey 12840 

R Campanula legionensis Pau 

R Spain 

R Campanula leucosiphon Boiss. & Heldr. ;2840 

R I2S40 Turkey ;28-<0 

R Campanula longisepala Podlech 20171 

R France (south-easl/Ml. Venloux) 

E Campanula lycica Kit Tan & Sorger ;2S.«) 

E 12840 Turkey /2S<0 

R Campanula macrostyla Boiss. & Heldr. 12840 

R ;28'«l Turkey ;28«) 

I Campanula makaschvilii e. Busch 5942 

I 59-(2 Georgia 5942 
I Campanula merxmuelleri Phitos 20; 7; 

I Greece 

I Campanula mirabilis Albov 39<2 

I 59.<2 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
R Campanula moravica (Spitzn.) Kovanda sooo. 20171 

I 2050 Czech Republic 2050 

R 20686 Hungary 20686 

V 19321 Slovakia 19321 

R Campanula morettiana Rchb. sooo, 20/7/ 

R /S26-< Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige. Veneto & Fnuli-Venezia 
Giulia) 8000 

R Campanula munzurensis Davis i2S4o 

R J28J0 Turkey ;2840 
R Campanula myrtifolia Boiss. & Heldr. /28«) 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Campanula nisyria Papatsou & Phitos 

R 207J; Greece - East Aegean Is 207j; 

R Campanula numidica Durieu jo^ss 

R /■J958 Algena ;o-<88 

Ex Campanula oligosperma Damboldt i284o 

Ex ;2S-»0 Turkey 12840 
I Campanula ossetica M. Bieb. 59.12 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 

R Campanula papulosa HaUcsy 20171 

R Greece 

I Campanula paradoxa Kolak. 5942 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 

R Campanula peshmenii Cuner ;284o 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 

R Campanula pindicola Alden 

R Greece 

R Campanula pinnatifida Huber-Mor. !2840 

R 72840 Turkey 12840 

V Campanula piperi T.J. HoytM 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 



R Campanula portenschlagiana Schult. 207 77 

R 2709/ Bosnia & Herzegovina 27097 

I 20852 Croatia 20852 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Campanula poscharskyana Degea 20171 

I 20852 Croatia 20852 
R 79774 (former) Yugoslavia 79774 

R Campanula primulifolia Brot. 20076.20171 

E 20076 Portugal 20076 
R Spain 

R Campanula pseudostenocodon LacMta 2oni 

R Italy 

R Campanula psilostachya Boiss. & Kotschy 72840 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 
R Campanula ptarmicifolia Lam. var. capilellata 

Damboldt I2S40 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 
R Campanula pterocaula Hausskn. 72840 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 
R Campanula pubicalyx (Davis) Damboldt 72840 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 

R Campanula pulvinaris Hausskn. & Bomm. 72840 

R 1284C Turkey 12840 

R Campanula quercetorum Huber-Mor. & Simon 72840 

R 72840 Turkey 72S40 
I Campanula radula Fischer ex Tchich. 5942 

I 5942 Armenia 5942 

R Campanula raineri Perp. 18264. 20171 

R 78264 Italy 7S264 

V Campanula raveyi Boiss. 12840 

V 12840 Turkey 72840 

R Campanula rechingeri Phitos 20171 

R Greece 

R Campanula reiseri HaMcsy 20171 

R 207J7 Greece (West Aegean islands) 207J7 

V Campanula reverchonii Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Campanula rimarum Boiss. 72840 

R 72840 Turkey , 12840 
E Campanula robinsiae Small 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Campanula romanica Savui 7782J, 20/7/ 

V 79949 Romania 206J7 

I Campanula rosmarinifolia Kerr 79720 

I 79720 Thailand 79720 

R Campanula rotundifolia L. ssp. aitanica Pau ex 

O.Bolos 20692 
R 20692 Spam (east) 20692 
I Campanula rotundifolia L. ssp. sudetica (Hniby) 

S06 2050 20/77 
I 2050 Czech Republic 2050 

R Campanula rupestris SMb. & Sm. 20171 

R Greece 

R Campanula rupicola Boiss. & Spnmer 20777 

R Greece 

V Campanula sabatiaDt fioi. 8000. 20171 

V 78264 Italy (Liguria) 79997 

R Campanu/a ^artom Boiss. & Heldr. 2077/ 

R Greece 



-110- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Campanula 

V Campanula saxatilis L. 2oni 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 

R Campanula sciathia Phitos 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Campanula scoparia (BoUs. & Hausskn.) 

Damboldt 12840 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Campanula scopelia Phitos 20;7; 

R Greece 

E Campanula secundiflora vu. & Pancic 20/7; 

E (former) Yugoslavia 

R Campanula seraglio Kit Tan & Sorger I284C 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

E Campanula sharsmithiae Morin 20S50 

E 20S50 U.S. • California 20850 

V Campanula shetleri Heckard 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • California 208S0 

V Campanula sorgerae Phitos ;28« 

V ;2«-«) Turkey 12840 

R Campanula sporadum Peer 

R Greece 

R Campanula stricta L. var. alidagensis 

Damboldt 12840 

R /2S-<0 Turkey ;2S.«) 

R Campanula strigillosa Boiss. /2S«) 

R ;2S*) Turkey ;28«) 
R Campanula telephioides Boiss. & Hausskn. 12840 

R y28'(0 Turkey ;2S'K) 

R Campanula telmessii Huber-Mor. & Phitos 12840 

R ;2«<0 Turkey 12840 
R Campanula teucrioides Boiss. /2S«) 

R ;2840 Turkey ;2««) 

R Campanula tomentosa Lam. ;28«). 20/7; 

R /2S'«) Turkey ;28-«) 
R Campanula trachyphylla Schott & Kotschy 12840 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Campanula transsilvanica Schur ex Andrac 5204. 20/7; 

R S204 Bulgaria (Southern and Western - three sites) 
5204 

V 19949 Romania 20631 

R Campanula troegerae Damboldt I2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Campanula viciosoi Cav. 20692 

R 20692 Spain (Valencian region and peripheral sites) 

20692 

R Campanula wattiana Nayar et Babu /i88J 

R ;JS8J India - Himachal Pradesh 13883 
R 13883 India - Uttar Pradesh ;J8SJ 

I Campanula wiedmanii Podl. 

I Spain 

V Campanula wilkinsiana Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Campanula willkommii Witasek 11496 

R 11496 Spain (Granada) 11496 
R Campanula xylocarpaKoyaada 8000, 20/71 

R 20686 Hungary 695/ 

V 19321 Slovakia (Muranska Vyosocina mountains. Slovensky 

Krasand) 695/ 

R Campanula yildirimlii Kit Tan & Sorger i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 



V Canarina canariensis (L.) Vatke ;5;o5 

V ;5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

E Cenlropogon amplicorollinus (F.Wimmer) 

B.A.Slein 20883 
E 20SS3 Colombia 2088J 
E 20883 Pern 2088J 

R Cenlropogon baezanus Jeppesen 20SS3 

R 2088.) Ecuador 2088J 

E Cenlropogon darienensis Wilbiu- 20883, 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 

V Cenlropogon densiflorus Bentham 20883 

V 20883 Ecuador 20SS3 

E Cenlropogon escobarae B.A.Stein ined. 20883 

E 20883 Colombia 20883 

E Cenlropogon eurystomus F. Winmier 20«8J 

E 20883 Ecuador 2088J 

V Cenlropogon floricomus McVaugb 2088J, 9006 
I 2O88J Panama 208SJ 

V Cenlropogon gesneriiformis Drake 2088i 

V 20883 Ecuador 20883 
E 2088i Peru 20883 

E Cenlropogon hirtus (Cav.) PresI 20883 

E 20883 Pern 20883 

E Cenlropogon latifolius F. Wimmer 20883 

E 208SJ Pern 20S8i 

E Cenlropogon leucocarpus McVaugh 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

V Cenlropogon luteynii wuhm- 2088J. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Cenlropogon macrophyllus (G. Don) F. Wimmer 20883 

R 20883 Bolivia 2088J 
R 2088J Penj 20883 

R Cenlropogon panamensis Wilbur 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
E Cenlropogon papilloSUS F. Wimmer 20883 

E 20SSJ Ecuador 20S8J 

V Cenlropogon pulcher Zahlbr. 208SJ. 19002 

V 208SJ Peru 20S8i 

E Cenlropogon quebradanus F. Wimmer 208S3 

E 2088J Ecuador 2088J 
E Cenlropogon reflexus Presl 2088i. ;9oo2 

E 20883 Peru 2088i 

R Cenlropogon roseus Rusby 2088J 

E 2088J Bolivia 2088J 
R 20883 Peru 20SSi 

R Cenlropogon sciaphilus Zahlbr. 20883 

R 2088i Pern 20883 

E Cenlropogon silvaticus F. Wimmer 208«j 

E 2088J Peru 20883 

R Cenlropogon Irachyanthus F. Wimmer 208SJ 

R 20SSJ Ecuador 208S3 

E Cenlropogon uncialis McVaugh 2088J 

E 20883 Colombia 208SJ 

I Cephalostigma flexuosum Hook.f. & Thomson 

I India - Kamataka 

I India - Tamil Nadu (north Coimbatorc Hills) 

R Clermonlia arborescens (Mann) Hbd. 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 

E Clermonlia arborescens (Mann) Hbd. ssp. 



-Ill- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Catnpanulaceae: Clermontia 

arborescens 20sso 
E 208S0 U.S. - Hawaii 20S50 

E Clermontia calophylla F. Wimmer 2os50. 14209 

E 20SS0 U.S. - Hawaii (Hawai' i - Kohala Mts.) 
20850 

E Clermontia drepanomorpha Rock 20S50. 14209. 21355 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Big Island - Kohala Mis.) 
20850 

R Clermontia grandiflora Gaud. 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Clermontia hawaiiensis (Hbd.) Rock 2085o 

R 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20S50 

E Clermontia lindseyana Rock 20850, 14209, 2U48 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui & Hawaii) 
20850 

R Clermontia micrantha (Hbd.) Rock 20850. 14209 

1 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Wesi Maui, Lana'i) 20850 

Ex/E Clermontia multiflora Hbd. 20S50 /•<209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu. West Maui) 20850 

E Clermontia oblongifolia Gaud. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Clermontia oblongifolia Gaud. ssp. brevipes (F. 

Wimmer) Lammers 20850. ;.(209. 2/J58 
E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Moloka'i) 20850 

E Clermontia oblongifolia Gaud. ssp. mauiensis 

(Rock) Lammers 20850. ;«09 
E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Maui. Lana'i) 20850 
E Clermontia peleana Rock 20850 ;«09. 2;j'<8. 2;j56 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui & Hawai' i) 
20850 

E Clermontia peleana Rock ssp. peleana 208S0 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Ex/E Clermontia peleana Rock ssp. singuliflora (Rock) 
T.G.Lammers 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii 20850 
R Clermontia persicifolia Gmd. 20850. 14209 

1 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) 20850 
E Clermontia pyrularia Hbd. 20S50 /■<209. 2;j-<s, 2;j56 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Mauna Kea. Mauna Loa) 
20850 

E Clermontia samuelii Forbes 20850. /^osi 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (East Maui) 20850 

E Clermontia samuelii Forbes ssp. hanaensis (St. 

John) Lammers 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Clermontia samuelii Forbes ssp. 

samuelii 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Clermontia tuberculata Forbes 20S5ft ;«09 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Clermontia waimeae Rock 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Codonopsis afpnis Hook. f. et Thoms. /J88J 

R ;J885 India - Sikkim (darjeeling) I3SS3 
R Cryptocodon monocephalus (Trautv.) Fed. 59« 

R 59« Kazakhstan 5942 

R 5942 Tajikistan 59.»2 

I 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

R Cyananthus Integra Wall, ex Benih. 1388I 

R /J88J India (Kumoan - Tehri Garhwal Himalayas.) 



I3SS3 
R Cyanea aculeatiflora Rock 20850 /■»209 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (East Maui) 20850 

E Cyanea acuminata (Gaud.) Hbd. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Ex/E Cyanea arborea Hbd. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Ex Cyanea arborea (H. Mann) HUlebrand var. 

arborea 14209 
Ex 14209 U.S. - Hawaii /•<209 

E Cyanea asarifolia St. John 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

Ex Cyanea asplenifolia (H. Mann) HUlebr. 14209 

Ex /■/209 U.S. - Hawaii (north-west Maui) 14209 

Ex/E Cyanea aspleniifolia (Mann) Hbd. 20S50 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea comata Hbd. 20S50. /«09 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 

E Cyanea copelandii Rock 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (East Maui. Hawai' i) 
20850 

Ex/E Cyanea copelandii Rock ssp. copelandii 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Cyanea copelandii Rock ssp. haleakalaensis (St. 

John) Lammers 20850 
I 20850 U.S. • Hawaii (Maui) 20850 

R Cyanea coriacea (Gray) Hbd. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Cyanea dunbarii Rock 20850. /«09 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Moloka'i - Waihanau) 
20850 

Ex/E Cyanea giffardii Rock 20S5o /•»209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii (Glenwood) 20850 

E Cyanea glabra (F. Wimmer) St. John 20850, I4S0I 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 

V Cyanea grimesiana Gaud. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Ex/E Cyanea grimesiana Gaudich. ssp. cylindrocalyx 
(Rock) Lammers 20850. /4209 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Waipi'o Valley) 20850 

V Cyanea grimesiana Gaudich. var. 

grimesiana 14209 

V 14209 U.S. - Hawaii /•/209 

E Cyanea grimesiana Gaud. ssp. obatae (St. John) 

Lammers 20850, 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Wai'anae Mts.) 

20850 

R Cyanea hamatiflora Rock 208S0. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (East Maui) 20850 
E Cyanea hamatiflora Rock ssp. carlsonii (Rock) 

Lammers 20850 /•<209. 21348. 21356 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Cyanea hardyi Rock 20850 ;«09 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

V Cyanea horrida (Rock) o. Deg. & Hosaka 20S50 /■»209 

V 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (East Maui) 20850 

V Cyanea kunthiana (Gaud.) Hbd. 20850 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Maui) 20850 

V Cyanea leptostegia Gray 20850 



-112- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Cyanea 

V 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20S50 
E Cyanea lindseyana Rock 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 208S0 

E Cyanea linearifolia Rock 20S50. 14209 

E 20SS0 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea lobata Mann 20S50 

Ex/E 20S50 U.S. • Hawaii 20«50 
E Cyanea lobata H. Mann var. lobata 14209 

E /^OP U.S. - Hawaii (Lana'i. west Maui) ;"(209 

Ex/E Cyanea longissima (Rock) St. John 20850, ;«09 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (easi Maui) 20850 

E Cyanea macrostegia Hillebr. ssp. gibsonii (Hbd.) 

Lammers 20850. /■»209 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Lana'i) 20850 
E Cyanea macrostegia HUlebrand var. parvibracteata 

Rock 14209 
E 14209 U.S. - Hawaii 14209 
E Cyanea mannii (Bngham) Hbd. 20850. /4209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Moloka'i) 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea marksii Rock 20850 /■>209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Hawaii) 20850 

E Cyanea mceldowneyi Rock 20850. ;4209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 

E Cyanea membranacea Rock 2085ft /■(209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Waianae Mts.) 
20850 

Ex/E Cyanea obtusa (Gray) Hbd. 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Cyanea pinnatifida (Cham.) F. Winuner 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (O'ahu) 20850 

E Cyanea platyphylla (Gray) Hbd. 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Hawaii) 20850 
Ex/E Cyanea pohaku Lammers 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 
E Cyanea procera Hbd. 2085ft 14209. 21358 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Moloka'i) 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea profuga Forbes 2085ft ;'(209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Molokai) 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea pycnocarpa (Hbd.) F. wimmer 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Kohala Mts.) 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea quercifolia (Hbd.) F. Wimmer 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 
Ex Cyanea quercifolia (HUlebrand) F.E. Wimmer var. 

quercifolia 14209 

Ex 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 14209 
E Cyanea recta (Wawra) Hbd. 20850. 14209 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (north-east Kaua'i) 20850 
E Cyanea scabra Hbd. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea shipmanii Rock 20S5ft /■<209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Mauna Kea) 20850 
E Cyanea solanacea Hbd. 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Cyanea solenocalyx Hbd. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Cyanea stictophylla Rock 20850 2/J48. 2i3S6 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Cyanea stictophylla Rock var. 



stictophylla 14209 
E /•»209 U.S. - Hawaii /■(209 

E Cyanea superba (Cham.) Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Cyanea superba (Cham.) A.Gray ssp. regina (Wawra) 
Lammers 20850. 14209 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Ko'olau Mts.) 
20850 

E Cyanea superba (Cham.) Gray ssp. superba (Cham.) 

Gray 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Cyanea tritomantha Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Cyanea tritomantha A.Gray var. 

tritomantha 14209 

V 14209 U.S. - Hawaii 14209 

E Cyanea truncata (Rock) Rock 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Cyanea truncata Rock var. truncata 14209 

E /•I209 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) ;«09 
E Cyanea undulata Forbes 2085ft 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaui'i - Wahiawa Bog) 
20850 

R Cyphia corylifolia Harv. 206o.» 

R 2060.< South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Cyphia ranunculifolia E.Wimm. 20604 

R 2O60.< South Afnca - Cape Province 206<M 

Ex/E Delissea fallax Hbd. 20850, /4209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Hamakua & Hilo) 20850 

Ex/E Delissea laciniata Hbd. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex Delissea laciniata Hbd. var. laciniata 14209 

Ex /•/209 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu) /■<209 

Ex/E Delissea lauliiana Lammers 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu) 20850 

Ex/E Delissea parviflora Hbd. 2085ft ;'(209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kohala Mts, Mauna Kea) 
20850 

E Delissea rhytidosperma Mann 20850 /«09 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 
E Delissea rivularis (Rock) F. Wimmer 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 
Ex/E Delissea sinuata Hbd. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Delissea sinuata Hbd. ssp. lanaiensis (Rock) 
Lammers 20850, /4209 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Delissea sinuata Hbd. ssp. sinuata 208SO 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Delissea subcordata Gaud. 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Delissea undulata Gaud. 20850. ;«09 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Delissea undulata Gaud. ssp. kauaiensis 

Lammers 20850. 21351 
EyJE. 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Ex/E Delissea undulata Gaud. ssp. niihauensis (St. 

John) Lammers 20850 2;J5/ 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 



-113- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Delissea 

E Delissea undulata Gaud. ssp. undulata losso. 

21151. 21356 
E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Downingia bella Hoover 20sso 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Downingia concolor Greene var. brevior 

McVaugh 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Downingia CUSpidata (Greene) Greene ex Jepson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
R Downingia montana Greene 20SS0 

I 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20S50 

V Downingia omatissima Greene 20S50 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Downingia pulchella (Lindl.) Torr. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Downingia pusilla (G. Don) Torr. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

R Edraianthus dalmaticus (A.DC.) A.DC. 20/7/ 

V 2;09; Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Edraianthus dinaricus (A.Kem.) Wettst. 20/7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

I Edraianthus owerinianus Rupr. 5942 

1 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 

V Edraianthus pumilio (Port.) \.DC. 20171 

V (former) Yugoslavia 

R Edraianthus wettsteinii Halacsy & Bald. 20178. 20171 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Githopsis pulchella Vaike 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
E Githopsis tenella Morin 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hanabusaya asiatica Nakai /5947 

R 5767 Korea. South (north 10 Ml Sorak) /5957 

V Heterochaenia borbonica Badre & Cadet /oo82 

V }4214 Reunion 14214 

V Heterochaenia ensifolia (Lam.) DC. /0082 

V 2077/ Reunion /00S2 
Ex 2077; Mauritius I0OS2 

V Heterochaenia rivalsii Badre & Cadei wo82 

V ;42J.< Reunion 14214 

V Howellia aquatilis Gray 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. -Oregon 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Washington 20850 

Ex Hypsela sessiliflora E.Wimmer 206S/. 14223 
Ex 2068/ Australia ■ New South Wales 2068/ 

R Isotoma luticola Carotin 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Northern Temtory 2068/ 

R Jasione bulgarica Stoj. & Sief. 19709. 20171 

R /9709 Bulgana /9709 

V Jasione crispa (Pourr.) Samp. ssp. arvemensis 

TllUn 20/7/ 

V 20528 France (Pay^ie-Dome) 20813 



V Jasione crispa (Pourr.) Samp. ssp. serpentinica 

Pinto da Silva 8000. 20171 

V 20076 Portugal (north east) SOOO 

R Jasione crispa (Pourr.) Samp. ssp. tomentosa (DC.) 

RivasMart. 20/7/ 
R Spain 

E Jasione heldreichii Boiss. & Orph var. papillosa 

J. Parnel 12840 
E I2S40 Turkey /2840 

R Jasione idaea Stoy. /2840 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Jasione laevis Lam. ssp. gredensis Rivas Mart. & 

Sancho 
R Spain 

I Jasione lusitanica a.dc. 8000. 20/7/ 

V 14155 Portugal 8000 
I 14155 Spain /•</9S 

R Jasione mansanetiana R.Rossello & Peris 20tf92 

R 20692 Spain (Villahermosa Valley. Castellon 
province) 20692 

R Jasione penicillata Boiss. 20I7I 

R Spain 

R Jasione supina Sieber ssp. akmanii 

Damboldt /2840 
R /2840 Turkey 12840 
R Jasione supina Sieber ssp. supina I2S40 

R /2SJ0 Turkey /2840 

R Jasione supina Sieber ssp. tmolea (Stoj.) 

Damboldt /28'W 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 
R Laurentia bicolor (Battand.) Maire & Steph. 10488 

R Algena /0-(88 

E Laurentia canariensis DC. 

E Spain - Canary is. 

V Legenere limosa (Greene) McVaugh 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Lobelia alticaulis Proctor 2088J, 13316 

V 2088} Jamaica 20883 

R Lobelia bambuseti r.e. & t.c.e. Fries 20057 

R 20057 Kenya (Mt. Kenya; Nyandurua; Abeidares) 
20057 

R Lobelia beaugleholei D.E.Albrecht 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victona 2068/ 

V Lobelia boninensis Koidz. 8038 

V 19134 Japan • Ogasawara-shoto 8038 

V Lobelia boykinii Torr. & Gray ex A. DC. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ New Jersey 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • North Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

R Lobelia bridgesii Hook. & Am. /J875 

R /J875 Chile /iS75 

E Lobelia caledoniana Adams 2088J. /59// 

V 11116 Jamaica 20881 

R Lobelia caudata (Griseb.) Urb. 2088I. 111I6 

R /9890 Jamaica 2088J 

V Lobelia digitalifolia (Griseb.) Urban var. 



-114- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Lobelia 

guadeloupensis (Urban) McVaugh 5710 

V 5710 Guadeloupe (Mateliane etc.) 57/0 

E Lobelia dressleri Wilbur 20S8S. 9037 

I loan Panama 20S83 

E Lobelia dunbarii Rock 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii(Moloka'i) 20850 
R Lobelia dunbarii Rock ssp. paniculata (Rock) 

Lammers 14209 
R 14209 U.S. -Hawaii (Molokai) 14209 

R Lobelia fawcettii Vrb. 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 

R Lobelia gaudichaudii A. DC. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii 20850 

E Lobelia gaudichaudii DC. ssp. koolauensis (Hosaka 

& Fosberg) Lammers 2O8J0. /•»209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu- Koolau Mis) 
20850 

R Lobelia gloria-mantis Rock 20«jo. n209 

R 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (Moloka'i) 20S50 

R Lobelia grandifolia Britton 20883 

R 20SSJ Jamaica 20883 
E Lobelia harrisii Urb. 20S8i. ;jjj6 

E 20S8J Jamaica 20883 
I Lobelia hosseusii E. Wimm. ;9;20 

I ;9;20 Thailand ;9;20 
E Lobelia hypoleuca Hbd. 20850 

E 20SM U.S. ■ Hawaii 20850 

R Lobelia innominata Rendle 20S8J 

R 208SJ Jamaica 20883 

V Lobelia kauaensis (Gray) Heller 20850. ;.<209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 
I Lobelia leucantha Kerr /9/20 

I 79/20 Thailand 19120 
R Lobelia lobata E. wimmer 77^9 

R Zimbabwe 77-»9 

R Lobelia longisepala Engl. 

R Tanzania 

R Lobelia loochooensis Koidz. ;o57j 

R /057J Japan ;057J 

R Lobelia lukwangulensis Engl. 

R Tanzania (Uluguru) 

R Lobelia martagon (Griseb.) Hitchc. 20883 

R 2088J Jamaica 20883 
E Lobelia monostachya (Rock) Lammers 20850, /«09 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Oahu - Koolau Mts.) 
20850 

V Lobelia niihauensis St. John 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Lobelia niihauensis St. Jobn var. 

niihauensis 14209 

R /■<209 U.S. - Hawaii 14209 

E Lobelia oahuensis Rock 20850 ;.(209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Koolau Mts.) 
20850 

Ex/E Lobelia remyi Rock 20850, 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) 20850 

I Lobelia salicina Lam. var. brachyantha 

Urban 5642 
I Dominican Republic (Prov. Barahona, Paralso) 



5642 

I Lobelia sancta H. Thulin /0260 

I Tanzania (Ukaguru) 

E Lobelia serpens Lam. var. puberula E. 

Wimm. 10082 
E 2077/ Mauntlus 70082 

R Lobelia trullifolia Hemsley var. saliensis (E. 

Wimmer) E. Wimmer 7849 
R Malawi 7849 

E Lobelia vagans Balf.f. 10082 

E 5852 Mauntlus - Rodrigues 5852 
I Lobelia valida L.Bolus 206O4 

I 206O4 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Lobelia villosa (Rock) St. John & Hosaka 20850 

14209 

I 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Kaua' I) 20850 

V Lobelia yuccoides Hbd. 20850. 14209 

V 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Kaua' 1. O'ahu) 20850 

V Lobelia zv/artkopensis E.Wimm. 206O4 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Michauxia thyrsoidea Boiss. & Heldr. /2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Musschia aurea (L.f.) DC. ;4;66 

R Portugal - Madeira 

E Musschia wollastonii Lowe 17891 

E Portugal - Madeira 1 7891 

V Nemacladus gracilis Eastw. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Nemacladus montanus Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Nemacladus pinnatifidus Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Nemacladus ramosissimus Nutt. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Nemacladus secundiflorus G.T. Robbins 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
E Nemacladus twisselmannii J.T. Howell 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Nesocodon mauritianus (L Ricbardson) Thulin /0082 

E 2077/ Mauntlus 10082 

I Ostrowskia magnifica Regel 5942 

I 5942 Kazakhstan 5942 
I 5942 Tajikistan 5942 
I 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

R Parishella califomica Gray 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Physoplexis comosa (L.) Schur 8000. 20/7; 

R 74/55 Austna 8000 

R ;S264 Italy (Alps) 19997 

R (former) Yugoslavia 8000 

R Phyteuma cordatum Balb. 78264. 20/7; 

R 20528 France (Alpes-Mantime) 20528 
R /8264 Italy (Piedmont, Liguna) 78264 

R Phyteuma gallicum Rich.SchuIz 20/77 

R France (south-central) 

R Phyteuma humile Scbleich. ex Gaudin 20777 

? France 

R 862J Italy (Aosta valley. Piedmont) 20804 



-115- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Phyteuma 

R ISI54 Switzerland ISIS4 
R Phyteuma pseudorbicularis Panx. 20ns 

R 20; 78 Albania 20 ns 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Pratia gelida (F.MueU.) Benth. 206ai 

R 206S} Australia - Viclona 206SI 
R Prismatocarpus cordifolius Adamson 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Prismatocarpus spinosus Adamson 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

I Roella goodiana Adamson 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Roella rhodantha Adamson 2O6O4 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

E Rollandia angustifolia (Hbd.) Rock 20SS0 

E 20650 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu. Koolau Mts) 20S50 

E Rollandia crispa Gaud. 20S50 

E 20SS0 U.S. - Hawaii 208S0 
R Rollandia crispa Gaudich. var. crispa 14209 

R 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu - Koolau Mts.) 
J4209 

E Rollandia humboldtiana Gaud. 2oa50. 14209 

E 20SJ0 U.S. • Hawaii (O ahu) iOSJO 
R Rollandia lanceolala Gaud. 20«;o 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Rollandia lanceolata Gaud ssp. calycina (Cham.) 

Lammers 20850. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Oahu) 20850 
R Rollandia lanceolata Gaud. ssp. 

lanceolata 20350 

R 20850 U.S. -Hawaii 20850 

E Rollandia longiflora Wawra 20J50, 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) 20850 
Ex/E Rollandia parvifolia Forbes 20850. /•>209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 
Ex/E Rollandia purpurellifolia Rock 20850. /•»209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) 20850 
E Rollandia Sl.-Johnii Uosaka 20850,14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Sclerotheca arborea (J.G.Forster) a.l.dc. 2os« 

E 208-<5 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
20845 

1 Sclerotheca forsteri Drake 208'»5 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Moorea. 
Tahiti) 208-»5 

V Sclerotheca joyorum J.Raynal 20845 

V 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 

20845 

V Sclerotheca oreades F.Wimmer 20S45 

V 208.<5 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 

20845 

E Sclerotheca viridiflora 19471 

E 19473 Cook Is.(Southem group) (Rarotonga) 
19471 

E Siphocampylus albiguttur McVaugb 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 
R Siphocampylus argentinus (Griseb.) Hieron. var. 

CUSpidatUS F. Wimmer 
R 20(76 Argentina 20/76 

I Siphocampylus caudatus 15229 



I 75229 Haiti (La Visite & Macaya National Parks) 
15229 

E Siphocampylus darienensis Wilbur 208Sj. 9006 

I 2O8SJ Panama 2088J 

V Siphocampylus impressus Urban 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

E Siphocampylus libanensis Urban 5607 

E 79/05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

V Siphocampylus maxonis F. Wimmer 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Siphocampylus oscitans B.A.Stein 20S83 

I 2O88J Peru 2088J 

V Siphocampylus undulatus Urban 5607 

V 79705 Cuba 5607 

E Siphocampylus yumuriensis Kirouac 5607 

E 79705 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
R Solenopsis minuta C. Presl. ssp. annua Greuter, 

Malthas & Risse 207J7 

R 207J7 Greece - Crete 207J/ 
I Specularia juliani Battand. 10488 

I 14958 Algena 10488 

R Symphyandra cretica A.DC. 201 7J 

R Greece 

R Symphyandra hofmannii Pant. 20171 

R 2709/ Bosnia* Herzegovina 20852 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Symphyandra lazica Boiss. & Bal. i2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Symphyandra samothracica (Degen) Halacsy 

V Greece 

R Symphyandra sporadum Halacsy 20/77 

R Greece 

E Symphyandra zangezura Lipsky 

E former USSR 69i0 

V Trachelium asperuloides Boiss. & Orpb. 19174. 20171 

V 19174 Greece 19174 

R Trachelium jacquinii (Sieber) Boiss. 5204. 201 71 

R 5204 Bulgaria (south) 5204 
R Greece 

R /987J Turkey 19873 

E Trematolobelia grandifolia (Rock) O. Deg. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Trematolobelia singularis si. John 20850, 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Trimeris scaevolifolia (Roxb.) Mabb. /8996 

E /8996 St Helena 78996 
R Wahlenbergia angustifolia (Roxb.) A. DC. /S996 

R /8996 St Helena 78996 
I Wahlenbergia annuliformis Brehmer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Wahlenbergia bemardi Leredde I0488 

E 74958 Algena 10488 

V Wahlenbergia berteroi Hook. & Am. /9//6 

V 79/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /598J 

I Wahlenbergia brachycarpa Schltr. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Wahlenbergia brockeii i. Hay 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

.1 Wahlenbergia brockiei 19305 



-116- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Campanulaceae: Wahlenbergia 

I I9S05 New Zealand I9S05 
Ex Wahlenbergia burchellii A. DC. IS996 

Ex IS996 St Helena IS996 

R Wahlenbergia buseriana Schltr. & Brehmer 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Wahlenbergia debilis H.Buek 20604 

I iOeO'* South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Wahlenbergia doleritica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 Lesotho 20604 

V 20604 South Africa • Natal 20604 

R Wahlenbergia glabra P.J.Smith 20681 

I 2O6SI Australia - New South Wales 206SI 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 206SI 

E Wahlenbergia grahamae Hemsley I9ii6 

E 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. I59S3 

R Wahlenbergia insulae-howei Loth. 14223 

R ;«2J Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14223 

R Wahlenbergia islensis P.J.Smith 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

E Wahlenbergia larrainii (Bertero ex CoUa) 

Skottsb. ;59«J 

E 15983 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 15983 
E Wahlenbergia linifolia (Roxb.) A. DC. ;«996 

E 18996 St Helena /«996 

V Wahlenbergia masafuerae (PhiUppi) Skottsb. ;9;25 

V 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 15983 

R Wahlenbergia polycephala (Mildbr.) ThuUn 7959 

R Tanzania 7959 

Ex Wahlenbergia roxburghii A. DC. ;8996 

Ex ;8996 St Helena /S996 
R Wahlenbergia scopulicola Carotin ex P.J.Siiiith 206S1 

I 20681 Australia - New South Wales 20681 
I 20681 Australia • Queensland 2068/ 

I Wahlenbergia simpsonii J. Hay 19305 

I 19305 New Zealand - South Is. 19305 

I Wahlenbergia songeana ThuUn 7959 

I Tanzania (Songea Distr.) 7959 

I Wahlenbergia tetramera ThuUn 20604 

I 20604 South Africa • Natal 20604 

Canellaceae 

Number of genera: 6 

Number of species: 2 

Recorded threatened species: 7 (3 5%) 

Tropical Africa; Madagascar; South America. 

R Cinnamodendron corticosum Miers 20883. 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 20883 

R Cinnamodendron cubense Urban ii84o 

R ;9/0J Cuba (Oriente) 11840 

R Cinnamodendron tenuifolium Uittien 8679 

R 8679 Sunname 8679 

E Pleodendron macranthum (Baill.) v. Tiegh. 20883. 

10197 
E 20883 Puerto Rico 208SJ 

I Warburgia elongata Verdc. ;95;o 

I 5926 Tanzania (Uzaramo) 19510 

V Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f.) Chiov. 2060'». 6os« 

E 20745 Mozambique (Lebombo Mnts.) 20886 
E 20909 Zimbabwe (eastern) 20572 



V 2060< Swaziland 20604 

E 20604 Soudi Afnca - Natal 2060'» 
E 20604 South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

Warburgia stuhlmannii Engl. ;95;o 

V 20057 Kenya (Kwale) 19510 

1 20057 Tanzania (Msubugwe forest) 17435 



Capparaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical and subtropical. 
R 



45 
800 
50 (6%) 



Boscia foetida Schinz ssp. minima 

Toelken 20604 
R 20604 Botswana 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

R Boscia keniensis Beentje 20057 

R 19109 Kenya 19109 

I Boscia rotundifolia Pax 5926 

I 5926 Tanzania (Dodoma) /95;2 

Ex/E Cadaba parvula PolhiU /0584 

Ex/E 20057 Kenya 10584 
E Capparis antonensis Woods. 2088i. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20«8i 
R Capparis braianensis Gagnepain 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

E Capparis carolinensis Kaneh. 

E Micronesia - Caroline Is. (Peliliu) 

E Capparis chiriquensis Woods. 2o««j. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20885 
I Capparis cinerea Jacobs 13883 

I 13883 India - Manipur 13883 

E Capparis crotonantha Standi. 208S3. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

V Capparis diversifolia Wight & Am. 7/494 

V ;;494 India - Kerala //494 

V ;/494 India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

R Capparis fusif era Dunn 7/494 

R //494 India - Kerala (Travancore) 11494 
R //494 India - Tamil Nadu /7494 

I Capparis klossii Ridl. /9720 

I 79/20 Thailand 79/20 
R Capparis lankesteri Standley 90J7 

R /979J Costa Rica 9057 
E Capparis mirifica Standi. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

I Capparis monantha Jacobs 19120 

I /9/20 Thailand /9/20 

V Capparis neocaledonica Vieill. ex Schltr. 20802 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20802 

I Capparis nitida Ruiz Lopez & Pavon 18200 

I /8200 Peru 18200 

R Capparis nobilis (Endl.) Benth. /9/08 

R /9/08 Australia - Norfolk Is. 74288 

V Capparis pachyphylla Jacobs /i88j 

V 74782 India - Aninachal Pradesh 74782 
E Capparis panamensis litis 2088J. /0J57 

R /9795 Panama 20883 



-117- 



The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Capparaceae: Capparis 
R Capparis prisca J.F. Macbr. 18200 

R 9446 Pern 18200 

R Capparis rheedii DC. 11494 

R 11494 India • Goa. Daman & Diu 11494 

R 11494 India - Karnalaka (North Kanara: South Kanara) 

11494 
R 11494 India - Kerala 11494 
R 11494 India • Tamil Nadu (Timnelveli Distnct) 

]I494 

I Capparis rosanowiana B. Fedtsch. 5942 

I 59« Tajikistan 59« 
I 5942 Uzbekistan (south-east) 5942 

V Capparis sandwichiana DC. 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Capparis shevaroyensis Siind. //^M 

V ;y.(M India - Tamil Nadu //.(W 

V Capparis thozetiana (F.MueU.) F.Muell. 2068I 

V 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

R Capparis vibumifolia Gagnepain 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

I Cleome burmanni Wight et Arn. 13883 

I I3SS3 India - Kerala 13883 
I ;JS8J India - Tamil Nadu 13883 

R Cleome densifolia C.H. Wright 7749 

R Malawi (Mlanje) 77.*9 

E Cleome gamboensis Urban 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Las Tunas. Granma) 5607 
I Cleome gynandra L. var. nana (Blatter & Hallberg) 

Bhandari 777/ 
1 India - Rajasthan (Jaiselmer, Jodhpur) 

777; 

V Cleome multicaulis DC. 20883. 20SSO. 8058 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20450 

V 20«50 U.S. - Colotado 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

R Cleome oligandra Kers ;95;2 

R Tanzania I9SI2 

R Cleome parvulaR.x. Gratam I9SI2 

R Tanzania (Mpwapwpa) 19512 

R Cleome schlechteri Briq. 20604 

R 20604 Soudi Africa - Natal 20604 

R 20604 Soudi Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

E Cleome tenuicaulis Urban 5607 

E I9I05 Cuba (Camaguey; Las Tunas) 5607 

V Cleomella brevipes s.Watson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Cleomella macbrideana Payson 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

R Cleomella paniflora Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Forchhammeria polyandra (Griseb.) A\am 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Holguin; Guanlanamo) 5607 
R Maerua andradae Wild 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

R Maerua salicifolia wud 7749 



R Zimbabwe 7749 

R Maerua scandens (Kloizsch) Gilg 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

V Oceanopapaver neocaledonicum GuiUaumin 20S93 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20S9J 
R Oxystylis lutea Torr. & Frem. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Polanisia erosa mis ssp. breviglandulosa 

litis 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Steriphoma macranthum standi. 2088i. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088i 

I Thylachium alboviolaceum Gilg ;95/2 

I 5926 Tanzania (Morogoro district) 5926 

I Thylachium macrophyllum Gilg ;95;2 

I 5926 Tanzania (Morogoro) 19512 



Caprifoliaceae 



15 

400 

32 



Number of genera: 
Number of species; 
Recorded threatened species: 

Mostly Nortli temperate and boreal regions; also tropical 
mountains. 

R Abelia insularis Nakai IS9S7 

R Korea, South (Dagelel Is) 75957 

R Diervilla rivularis Gattinger 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 208S0 

V Heptacodium miconioides Rebder 17617 

V 1 7617 China - Anhui (Jingxian. Xuancheng) 

1 1 139 

V ;76;7 China-Hubei(Xingshan) ;;/j9 

V (76/7 China - Zhejiang III39 

R Kolkwitzia amabilis Graebner ;76/7 

R 17617 China - Anhui (Jingshai. Hueshan, Guichi) 

11139 
R ;76;7 China ■ pansu (Tianshui; Huixian) ;/;j9 
R ;76;7 China-Hebei (Pingshuen) }n39 
R 17617 China -Henan 11139 
R 17617 China - Hubei (Yixi; Jiunxian; Fangxian) 

11139 
R 17617 China - Shaanxi (Huaying, Shanyang) 

11139 
R 17617 China - Shanxi 11139 

R Lonicera alpigera L. var. viridissima 

Nakai ;057i 
R ;057J Japan 10573 

R Lonicera cerasoides Nakai 75957 

R ;592J Korea. South (Ml Chin) 15957 

V Lonicera demissa Rebder var. borealis Hara & 

Kikuchi /057J 

V ;057J Japan ;057J 

R Lonicera kabylica Rehder io48s 

R 14958 Algena 70488 

R Lonicera karataviensis Pavlov 5942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (near the border of Kirgistan) 
5942 

R Lonicera kawakamii 20854 

R 20854 Taiwan 20854 



-118- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caprifoliaceae: Lonicera 

V Lonicera linderifolia Maxim, var. konoi (Makino) 

Okuy. 10573 

V 10573 Japan 10573 

V Lonicera linderifolia Maxim, var. 

linderifolia 10571 

V }0573 Japan 10573 

R Lonicera mochizukiana Makino \ar . filiformis 

Koidz. 10573 
R 10573 Japan 10573 
R Lonicera nummulariifolia Jaub. & Spach ssp. 

glandulifera (Huber-Mor.) Chamb. I2S40 
R 206/8 Turkey 206/8 

V Lonicera oiwakensis Hayata 20511 

V 20S54 Taiwan 205// 

I Lonicera paradoxa Pojark. 5942 

I 5942 Kyrgyzstan 5942 
I 5942 Tajikislan 59.<2 

V Lonicera pyrenaica L. ssp. majoricensis (Gand.) o. 

Browicz 20/7/ 

V 20645 Spain - Baleanc Is. 20645 

R Lonicera stabiana Guss. ex Pasq. IS264. 20171 

R /826-< Italy (Campania) /S264 
R Sambucus lanceolata R. Br. 

R Portugal - Madeira 

E Sambucus palmensis Link /5J5« 

E /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /789/ 
E Sambucus tigranii Troitsky 

E former USSR 

E Symphoricarpos guadalupensis Correll 2os50 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Viburnum arboreum Britton 20«8J 

V 20S83 Jamaica 20SSJ 

R Viburnum boninsimae Koidz. S622 

R 19134 Japan - Kazan Retio 8622 
R 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoro 8622 

R Viburnum brachyandrum Nakai 10573 

R /057J Japan /057J 

V Viburnum bracteatum Rehd. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Tennessee 20850 

V Viburnum carlesii Hemsley var. bitchiuense 

Nakai 705 7J 

V /057J Japan /057i 

R Viburnum dispar C. Morton 10341 

R /9755 Mexico - Jalisco 10341 
R Viburnum parvifolium Hayata 205;/ 

R 205// Taiwan 20511 

V Viburnum plicatum \ar. formosanum 20S54 

V 20854 Taiwan 20854 

R Viburnum tinus L. ssp. rigidum (Vent.) P. 

Silva /5/05 
R /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

R Viburnum villosum Griseb. var. glabrescens 

Griseb. 2088J. /iiJ6 
R ;JJJ6 Jamaica 208SJ 

V Viburnum villosum Griseb. var. subdentatum 

Griseb. 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

R Weigela subsessilis (Nakai) BaUey /5957 



R /592J Korea. South (Mt Chiri) 75957 

Caricaceae 

Number of genera: 4 

Number of species : 3 

Recorded threatened species: 8 

Tropical and subtropical America; Africa. 



R 



(26%) 



Carica candicans Gray I8200 
R /9964 Peru /S200 

V Carica chilensis (Flanchon ex A. DC.) 

Sobns-Laub /5088 

V /iS75 Chile /JS75 

V Carica cnidoscoloides Lorence & Torres 20883 

I 20885 Mexico 20883 

E Carica horovitziana BadiUo //J5/ 

E /9569 Ecuador II35I 

V Carica jamaicensis Urb. 20883 

V 2O88J Jamaica 20883 

R Carica omnilingua Badillo 11351 

R /9569 Ecuador 11351 

R Carica papaya L. var. bady Ake Assi 

R Cote d'lvoire 

R Carica sprucei BadiUo 1/351 

R 79569 Ecuador 1135/ 

Caryocaraceae 

Number of genera: 2 

Number of species: 2 3 

Recorded threatened species: 11 (47%) 

Tropical America, especially Amazon basin. 

E Anthodiscus klugii Standi, ex Prance 208SJ, 77589 

R 79964 Peru 20883 
E Anthodiscus montanus Gleason 20883. 79552 

I /9352 Colombia 20S83 

R Anthodiscus peruanus Baillon 20S83 

I 20883 Peru 20881 

R Anthodiscus trifoliatus G. F. W. Meyer 20883. 8679 

R 20885 Guyana 20883 

E Caryocar amygdaliforme G. Don 20885 

I 20883 Peru 208SJ 

R Caryocar coriaceum Wittmack 2088J 

I 208S5 Brazil 2088J 

V II Caryocar costaricense J.D. Sm. 20883. 9037 

E 20SSJ Costa Rica 2088J 
I 20883 Panama 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Caryocar dentatum Gleason 20S8J 

I 20SS3 Bolivia 20885 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

V Caryocar edule Casaretto 20S8J 

I 20881 Brazil 2088J 
E Caryocar glabrum ssp. album Prance & Freitas da 

Silva 20883 
E 20SS5 Guyana 2088J 

R Caryocar montanum Prance 208W 

I 20885 Brazil 20885 

I 20885 Guyana 20883 



I 



20883 Venezuela 20485 



-119- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Agrostemma 

Caryophyllaceae 

Number of genera: 7 5 

Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Widespread, especially North America. 



2,000 

520 (26%) 



I 



E 
E 
E 
E 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 

V 
R 
R 



Agrostemma gracilis Boiis. 20171 

I Greece 

Allochrusa gypsophiloides (Kegel) Schischk. 5942 
I 59n Kazakhstan 5942 
I 5942 Kyrgyzstan 5942 
I 5942 Tajikistan 5942 
I 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

Allochrusa tadshikistanica Schischldn 5942 

I 5942 Tajikistan 5942 

Alsinidendron lychnoides (Hbd.) Sherff 20S50. 14209 
E 20M0 U.S. -Hawaii (Kauai) 20450 

Alsinidendron obovatum Sherff 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (O'ahu) 20850 
Alsinidendron trinerve Mann 20850. 14209 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu) 20S50 
Alsinidendron viscosum (Mann) Sherff 20S50. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 2OS50 

Arenaria alfacarensis Pamp. 11496 

R 1/496 Spain (Jain. Granada & Albaceie) 11496 

Arenaria angustifolia Mc.NeUl 12840 

R I2S40 Turkey ;2S-«) 

Arenaria angustijolioides Kit Tan & Sorger i2840 

R ;28-«) Turkey 12840 
Arenaria angustisepala McNeill I2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 
Arenaria arundana Gallego 

R 20662 Spain 20662 

Arenaria bisulca (Bartl.) Rohr 16336 
R 19448 Argentina 19448 
R 20/76 Argentina - Caumarca 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina . Tucuman 20/76 

Arenaria capillipes (Boiss.) Boiss. /;-<96 
R 11496 Spain (Malaga: Sierra bemieja. Sierra de 
Tolox) 20662 

Arenaria cariensis A. CarUirom ;2840 
R J2840 Turkey 12840 
Arenaria catamarcensis Pax. 16336 
R /6JJ6 Argentina /6iJ6 
R 20/76 Argentina - Catamarca 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - Jujuy 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina • La Rioja 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 

Arenaria cinerea DC. 2oni 

V 20528 France (Haute) 20528 
Arenaria conica Boiss. 20/7/ 

R Spain 

Arenaria controversa Boiss. 20/7/ 

V France 
R Spain 

Arenaria curvifolia Majumdar ii4<i4 
E 11494 India - Uttar Pradesh (Garwhal Himalaya) 
11494 

Arenaria davisii McNeill 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 



R Arenaria deflexa Dec. ssp. microcephala 

McNeill /2840 
R 12840 Turkey /2840 
R Arenaria eliasiana Kit Tan & Sorger I2840 

R ;2S40 Turkey /2S40 

E Arenaria ferrugineaiyvA\aee\VliSiiams 11494 

E //^J India - Uttar Pradesh (Kali/Dhauki Valley. 
Kumaon) 11494 

I Arenaria foliacea Turrill 19509 

I 5926 Tanzania (West Usambara mountains) 5926 
R Arenaria fragillima Rech.f. 20/7/ 

R 207JO Greece - Crete 20730 

Ex/E Arenaria franklinii Douglas ex Hook var. thompsonii 

M.E.Peck 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
R Arenaria gionae Gustavsson 20/7/ 

R Greece 

E Arenaria grandiflora L. ssp. bolosii (Canig.) 

Kupffer 206-<5 
E 20647 Spain - Balearic Is. (Mallorca) 20821 
R Arenaria guicciardii Heldr. ex Boiss. 20J71 

R 207i/ Greece • East Aegean Is /0270 

R Arenaria halacsyi Ba\d. 20171 

E 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

I Arenaria hispida L. 20171 

V France 
I Spain 

R Arenaria huteri A.Kem. 20/7/ 

R Italy 

R Arenaria isauricaa Boiss. /2840 

R /28.(fl Turkey /2840 

V Arenaria kaloana Makino /0572 

V ;0572 Japan /0572 

V Arenaria kingii (S.Watson) M.E.Jones ssp. rosea 

Maguire 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Arenaria ledebouriana Fenzl var. armeniaca 

McNeill 12840 , 
R I2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Arenaria ledebouriana Fenzl var. grandiflora 

Hartvig & Strid 12840 
R /2S40 Turkey ;2S40 

I Arenaria litoralis Phitos, non Saiisb. 20/7/ 

I Greece 

E Arenaria livermorensis Correll 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
R Arenaria luschanii McNeill I2840 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

V Arenaria macradenia S.WaUon var. kuschei (Eastw.) 

Maguire 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Arenaria merckioides Maxim, var. chokaiensis 

(Yalabe) Okuy. /0572 

V /0572 Japan /0572 

R Arenaria mons-cragus Kit Tan ex Sorger i2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
I Arenaria neelgerrensis Wight & Am. 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

I India - Tamil Nadu 



-120- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Arenaria 

E Arenaria nevadensis Boiss. & Reut. I539s. 20171 

E l5i9S Spain (Sierra Nevada) I539S 
E Arenaria norvegica Gunoems ssp. anglica 

G.Halliday 20171 

E 20587 United Kingdom 20SS7 
E Arenaria paludicola b.l. Robins. 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Ex 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Arenaria pamphylicastnsu Hay tV. i284o. 20171 

V 12840 Turkey ;2S.«) 

R Arenaria peloponnesiaca Rech.r. 

R Greece 

I Arenan'a pAiro^iana Greuter & Burdet 20/7/ 

I 207il Greece 207j; 
I Arenaria pomeli Munby 

I 20662 Spain (Cadiz. Malaga) 20662 
R Arenaria provincialis Chater & G.Halliday sooo. 

20171 
R 2052« France (nr Marseille & Toulon) 8000 

R Arenaria pseudoacantholimon Bornni. nsm 

R 12840 Turkey /28«) 

R Arenaria racemosa Willk. /m96 

R //■»96 Spain (Malaga) 11496 

V Arenaria rhodia Boiss. ssp. macropetala 

McNeUI 12840 

V /28.«) Turkey ;2S«) 

R Arenaria rigida M.Bieb. sooi. 20171 

R 5204 Bulgana (nonli-east) 5204 

E 19949 Romania 206J; 

R former European USSR 8001 

R Arenaria sabulinea Gris. ex Fenzl i2S4o 

R ;28«) Turkey 12840 
R Arenaria saponarioides Boiss. & Balansa ssp. 

saponarioides 12840, 20171 

R ;28.H) Turkey ;28-»0 

R Arenaria scariosa Boiss. ;2«'«) 

R ;28.«) Turkey J2840 
R Arenaria serpentini A.K.Jacks. 20/7; 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 

R Arenaria sivasica Kit Tan ex Sorger i284o 

R /2840 Turkey /2840 
R Arenaria speluncarum McNeill 12840 

R 12S40 Turkey /2840 
E Arenaria stenomeres Eastw. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Arenaria tenuis Gay 

R Spain 

V Arenaria thangoensis w. Smith //■jp-* 

V //-(W India - Sikkim (Thango; Chugya) 11494 
R Arenaria lomentosa Willk. ;/<96 

R //496 Spain (Almena & Granada) 11496 

R Arenaria uninervia McNeill i2S4o 

R /28«) Turkey 12840 

V Arenaria ursina B.L. Robins. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Bolanthus cherlerioides (Bomm.) Bark. ;2s«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2S'«) 

R Bolanthus creutzburgii Greuter 20731 



R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 
R Bolanthus frankenioides (Boiss.) Bark. var. 

fasciculatUS (Boiss. & Heldr.) Bark. /28'W 
R /28«) Turkey /28.JO 
R Bolanthus frankenioides (Boiss.) Bark. var. 

frankenioides 12840 
R 12840 Turkey /2S-(0 
R Bolanthus fruticulosus (Bory & Chaub.) 

Barkoudah 20/7/ 
R 207J/ Greece (Peloponnisos) 207j; 
R Bolanthus laconicus (Boiss.) Barkoudah 20/7/ 

R 207J/ Greece (Peloponnisos) 20731 
R Bolanthus spergulifolius (Jaub. & Spach) 

Huber-Mor. 12840 
R 12840 Turkey /28«) 

R Bolanthus stenopetalum Hartvig & strid i284o 

R /2S./0 Turkey I2S40 
R Bolanthus thymoides Huber-Mor. I2840 

R /28.H) Turkey /2S-/0 

V Bufonia chevallieri Battand. i0487 

V /J958 Algeria 10487 

E Bufonia multiceps Decne. ;6/68 

E /6/68 Egypt (Sinai) /6;6« 

R Bufonia perennis Powr. 20171 

R France (south) 

R Bufonia striata (Sibth. & Sm.) GOrke ssp. cecconia 

(Bald.) Rech. TU. 20730 
R 207iO Greece - Crete 207J0 

V Bufonia teneriffae Christ /5/05 

V 15105 Spain • Canary Is. /5;05 

R Cerastium aleuticum Hulten 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

V Cerastium alpinum ssp. babiogorense 16721 

V /782/ Czech Republic /782/ 

V /96/5 Slovakia /9i2/ 

E Cerastium alsinifolium Tausch 8000. 20171 

E 2050 Czech Republic (Marianske Lazne) 695/ 

R Cerastium araraticum Rupr. /2s^o 

R /2S40 Turkey 12840 

V Cerastium arvense L. ssp. glandulosum (Kit.) 

Soo /9266. 20/7/ 

V ;9J2/ Slovakia 19266 

V Cerastium arvense L. var. ovatum (Miyabe) E. 

Mild /0572 

V /0572 Japan /0572 

R Cerastium azoricum Hochst. ex Seub. 20/7/ 

R Portugal - Azores 

E Cerastium beeringianum ssp. terrae-novae (Fern. & 

Wieg.) Hulten 20850 

I 20850 Canada • Alberta 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Labrador 20850 

E 20850 Canada - Newfoundland 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 

V Cerastium brachypetalum Pers. ssp. doerfleri 

(Halacsy ex Hayek) P.D.Seli & Whitehead 20171 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 

R Cerastium dominici Kit Tan & R. Mill 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2S40 
Ex/E Cerastium fischerianum Ser. var. mo/<e 



-121- 



The 1997 ITJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Cerastium 

Ohwi 10572 
Ex/E 10572 Japan 10572 

I Cerastium formosanum Ohwi 205;/ 

I 205H Taiwan 20511 

R Cerastium haussknechtii Boiss. i2S40 

R I2S40 Turkey /.'«■«) 
R Cerastium krylovii Schischk. & Gortschak. 

R former European USSR 

R Cerastium ligusticum Viv. ssp. palustre (Moris) 

P.D.Sell & Whitehead 2077; 

R ;«26-* Italy - Sardinia IS264 
R Cerastium macranthum Boiss. ;2«.«) 

R ;2840 Turkey I28-I0 
R Cerastium maximum L. 20850. 20/7; 

I 20S50 Canada - Mackenzie 20S50 

I 20SJ0 Canada - Yukon Territory 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Alaska 20850 

R Cerastium parvipetalum Hosok. 20511 

R 205;; Taiwan 20511 
R Cerastium pisidicum Ayasligil & Kit Tan ;2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 

I Ceraxft'uwi runcCTarWi Moschl & Rech.f. 20/7; 

I Greece 

R Cerastium saccardoanum Dirat 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Cerastium schizopetalum Maxim, var. bifidum 

Takeda ;0572 

R ;0572 Japan 10572 
I Cerastium smoKkanum Hartvig 20/7; 

I Greece 

R Cerastium subpilosum Hayata 20511 

R 205;; Taiwan 20511 

V Cerastium sventenii Jalas isios 

V 15105 Spain - Canary Is. ISIOS 

R Cerastium theophrasti Merxm. & Strid 20171 

R Greece 

I Cerastium thomsoni Hook.f. 

1 India (W. Himalaya) 

R Cerastium transsilvanicum Schur 1 7823. 201 71 

R 19949 Romania 20651 
R Cerastium vagans Lowe 20171 

R Portugal - Madeira 

R Cerastium vourinense Moschl & Rech.r. 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Colobanthus curtisiae J.G.West 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068; 

R Colobanthus nivicola M.Gray 2068I 

R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068y 

R Colobanthus pulvinatus F.Muell. 2068; 

R 2068; Australia - New South Wales 2068) 
I Dianthus absconditUS Fernandez Casas 

1 Spain 

R Dianthus aciphyllus Siebere\ Set. 20171 

R Greece 

I Dianthus andronakii Woron. ex Schischk. 12840 

I ;28'IO Turkey 12840 

V Dianthus arenarius L. ssp. bohemicus (F. A. 

Novak) 2050 
E ;7«07 Czech Republic (Cepal - district Litomerice) 



2050 

V /96;5 Slovakia ;96;5 

R Dianthus brevicaulis Fenzl var. setaceus 

Reeve 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Dianthus callizonus Scboit & Kotschy 17823. 20171 

R 19949 Romania (Craiului Mts.) 206i/ 
I Dianthus carthusianorum L. ssp. sudeticus 

Kovanda 19711 
I 19711 Czech Republic (Hiuby Jesenik Mts.) 
19711 

V Dianthus charidemii Vau 20171 

V 7 7778 Spain /7778 

R Dianthus chimanimaniensis Hooper 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

R Dianthus cibrarius Clem. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 

V Dianthus cintranus Boiss. & Reut. ssp. 

cintranus sooo. 20171 

V 20076 Portugal (central) 8000 
R Dianthus costae V/Oik. 20171 

R Spain 

V Dianthus cyprius A.K. Jackson & TurriU 14230 

V /9;6J Cyprus 14230 

V Dianthus diutinus Kit. ;77«6, 2o;7/ 

V 20686 Hungary ;77«6 
Ex 19417 Romania 19417 

R Dianthus eldivenus Czecz. ;28«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 
R Dianthus elegans Urv. var. actinopetalus (Fenzl) 

Reeve ;2840 

R ;2««) Turkey 12840 

R Dianthus engleri Hausskn. & Bomm. /28'«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 

R Dianthus eretmopetalus Stapf ;2S'«) 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Dianthus erinaceus Boiss. /28«) 

R J2«-«) Turkey J2840 
R Dianthus freynii \3nAas 6951.20171 

V 2/09; Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 
I Bulgaria 695/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 6951 

R Dianthus fruticosus L. 20; 7/ 

R /9;2/ Greece - Crete 20730 

V Dianthus fruticosus L. ssp. amorginus 

Rimemark 207iO 

V 20808 Greece (Cyclades) 20808 

V Dianthus fruticosus L. ssp. carpathus 

Rimemark 207J0 

V 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 

R Dianthus fruticosus L. ssp. creticus (Taiisch.) 

Rimemark 207J0 
R 20730 Greece ■ Crete 207J0 

V Dianthus fruticosus L. ssp. occidentalis 

Rimemark 207iO 

V 20808 Greece 20808 

V Dianthus fruticosus L. ssp. sitiacus 

Rimemark 207J0 

V 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 

V Dianthus furcatus Balb. ssp. gyspergerae (Rouy) 



-122- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Dianthus 

Briq. sooo. 2oni 

V 20726 France - Corsica 20528 

R Dianthus gallicus Pers. sooo. 2oni 

V 14166 France (west coast) 8000 

V 14166 Spain (nonh coast) SOOO 

R 19937 United Kingdom • Channel Is. (Jersey) 
19937 

R Dianthus giganteus dUrv. ssp. banaticus (Heuffel) 

Tutin 17823. 20171 
R ;9W7 Romania 20631 

R Dianthus glacialis Haenke ssp. gelidus (Schoti, 

Nyman & Kalschy) Tutin 17823. 20171 
R 19949 Romania (eastern Alps and Carpathians) 

20631 

R Dianthus goerkii Hartvig & strid I2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Dianthus graniticus Jord. 201 7; 

R France (Auvergne. Cevennes) 

R Dianthus gredensis Pau e\ Cabail. 20171 

R Spain 

E Dianthus guessfeldtianus Muschler 

E Egypt 

I Dianthus hypanicus Andrz. 5942. 201 7i 

I 5942 Ukraine (west) 5942 
R Dianthus juniperinus Sm. 20171 

R I9I2I Greece - Crete 20730 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. aciphyllus (Sieber 

ex Ser.) Turland 20730 

V 207J0 Greece - Crete 20730 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. bauhinorum (Greuter) 

Turland 207J0 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. heldreichii 

Greuter 20/7/ 

V 207J0 Greece - Crete 20730 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. idaeus 

Turland 207JO 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. 

juniperinus 2017/ 

V 207JO Greece - Crete 207iO 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. kavusicus 

Turland 2O7J0 

V 207J0 Greece • Crete 207i0 

V Dianthus juniperinus Sm. ssp. pulviniformis 

(Greuter) Turland 20730 

V 207iO Greece - Crete 20730 

R Dianthus kamisbergensis Sond. 20604 

R 2060.* South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Dianthus knappii (Pant.) Asch. & Kanitz ex 

Borbas 20171 

V 2709; Bosnia & Herzegovina 2;09; 
R (fomier) Yugoslavia 

R Dianthus lanceolatUS Steven ex Rchb. sooo, 207 7/ 

R former European USSR 8000 

V Dianthus langeanus wuik. 20/7; 

V Spain 

I Dianthus mercurii Heldr. 20171 

I Greece 

R Dianthus merinoi M. Lainz ;7'»9i; 



R J 1 496 Spain /;'(96 
I Dianthus minimus Javeid 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

V Dianthus moravicus Kovanda ;9266. 20171 

V /96J5 Czech Republic (southern) 79266 

E Dianthus morisianum Valsecchi 18264 

E 18264 Italy - Sardinia 18264 

R Dianthus muschianus Kotschy & Boiss. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2«<0 

R Dianthus myrtinervius Griseb. 20/7; 

R Greece 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Dianthus nardiformis Janl<a 79266, 20/77 

R 5204 Bulgana (north & east) 520-» 

V 79608 Romania 8000 

V Dianthus nitidus Waldst. & Kit. 79266. 2077/ 

Ex 79266 Poland (Pieniny Mts.) 79266 

V 79J27 Slovakia (west Carpathians) 19266 

R Dianthus pallidiflorusStT. 20171 

R Bulgaria 

I former European USSR 

E Dianthus plumarius ssp. lumnitzeri 20720 

E 20720 Hungary 20720 
I Dianthus plumarius L. ssp. praecox 

Domin 20686 
E 20686 Hungary 20686 
I 20720 Slovakia 20720 

E Dianthus plumarius ssp. regis stephani 20720 

E 20720 Hungary 20720 

I Dianthus praecox w.K. 6957 

I 6J69 Poland (Tatry & Pieniny Mts.) 20798 

V 79J27 Slovakia 6957 

V Dianthus praecox Kit. ssp. lumnitzeri (Wiesb.) 

Kmetova 79i27 

V 79J27 Slovakia 79J27 

V Dianthus pulviniformis Greuter 20777 

V 207j; Greece - Crete 207J7 

R Dianthus recognitus Schischk. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Dianthus rhodius Rech.f. 

R Greece 

R Dianthus robustUS Boiss. & Kotschy 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Dianthus serotinus Waiist. & Hit., 19266.20171 

Ex 79.<77 Romania 19417 

V 79J27 Slovakia 79J27 

R Dianthus sessiliflorus Boiss. 72«'«) 

R 728.M) Turkey 728«) 

V Dianthus sinaicus Boiss. 8895 
E Egypt 

V Israel 8895 

R Dianthus sphacioticus Boiss. & Heldr. 20/77 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 
R Dianthus spiculifolius Scbui 17823.20171 

R 799.<9 Romania 206J7 

R Dianthus stamatiadae Recb.l. 20171 

R Greece 

I Dianthus subbaeticus Fernandez Casas 

I 77496 Spain //■»96 

V Dianthus xylorrizus Boiss. & Heldr. 207 77 



-123- 



The 1997 ITJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Dianlhus 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 

R Dianthus zederbaueri Vierh. i2S4o 

R naw Turkey I2S40 
R Drymaria malachioides Briq. 966/ 

R 79755 Mexico 966/ 
R Drymaria monticola3.}lowen IIII7 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Santa Cniz) 11117 

I Eremogone cephalotes (M. Bieb.) Fcml 59« 

I 59^2 Ukraine 5942 

I Gastrolychnis soczaviana (Schischkin) Tolm. & 

Kozhanczikov 59'^2 
I 5942 Russia (Far East) ■ Magadan 5942 
I JM2 Russia (Sibena) - Yakutiya 5942 

R Gastrolychnis triflora (R .Br.) Tolm. et Kozhancz. ssp. 

wrangelica Jurtz. 20085. 2/J09 
R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 20085 

R Gypsophila achaia Bormn. 20171 

R 2075/ Greece (Sterea Ellas. Peloponnisos) 
2075/ 

R Gypsophila adenophylla Bark. I2S40 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Gypsophila aucheri Boiss. /2«-«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2S-(0 

I Gypsophila aulieatensis B. Fedtsch. 59.«2 

I 59'<2 Kazakhstan (southern) 5942 
R Gypsophila baylopiorum Kit Tan /28«) 

R /28'«) Turkey /2840 

R Gypsophila bitlisensis Bark. /2840 

R 12840 Turkey /28-«) 

R Gypsophila brachypetala Trautv. }2B40 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 

R Gypsophila biiquetiana Schischk. /2840 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 
R Gypsophila confertifolia Huber-Mor. 12840 

R /2«'(0 Turkey /28-W 
R Gypsophila curvifolia Fenzl /2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

R Gypsophila davisii Bark. /2840 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 

R Gypsophila festucifolia Huber-Mor. i284o 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 
V Gypsophila germanicapolitana Huber-Mor. J2840 

V /2S->0 Turkey /28.»0 
R Gypsophila glomerata auct., non Pall, ex 

Adams /2S40. 20/7/ 

R 12840 Turkey /28«) 

R Gypsophila graminifolia Bark. /2«.«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

R Gypsophila hakkiarica Kit Tan /284o 

R /2S<0 Turkey 12840 

I Gypsophila heteropoda Freyn & Sint. ssp. mnutiflora 

Bark. /28')0 
I /28«) Turkey 12840 

I Gypsophila lepidioides Boiss. /28'K) 

I /2««) Turkey 12840 
R Gypsophila leucochlaena Huber-Mor. /2840 

R /28.«) Turkey /28«) 
R Gypsophila macedonica Vandas 20171 

R (former) Yugoslavia 



V Gypsophila montserratii Fem.Casas //496, 20/7/ 

V //■»96 Spain 11496 

R Gypsophila nodiflora (Boiss.) Bark. I2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Gypsophila oblanceolata Bark. /2s«) 

V /2«'«) Turkey 12840 

R Gypsophila paniculata L. var. araratica 

Huber-Mor. /2S40 
R /2840 Turkey /2S40 

V Gypsophila papulosa Von^ 8000.2017/ 

V /S26.< Italy (Veneto) /9997 
R Gypsophila parva Bark. 1284c 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Gypsophila perfiolata L. var. araratica Kit 

Tan /2S40 

R /2S40 Turkey /2840 

R Gypsophila peshmenii A. Guner /2«« 

R /2S'<0 Turkey /2««) 

V Gypsophila pilulifera Boiss. & Heldr. 12840 

V /2840 Turkey /28«) 

R Gypsophila pinifolia Boiss. & Hausskn. /2840 

R /28«) Turkey 12840 

V Gypsophila simonii Huber-Mor. /2840 

V 12840 Turkey ;2S'«) 

R Gypsophila simulatrix Bomm. & Woron. i2840 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Gypsophila sphaerocephala Fenzl ex Tchihal. var. 

syriaca (Sch.) Huber-Mor. /2840 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Gypsophila tuberculosa Huber-Mor. 12S40 

R /2S*) Turkey /28-(0 

R Gypsophila uralensis Less. ssp. pinegensis (Perf.) 

R. Kam. 800/ 
R //552 Russian Federation (north western) 
//552 

V Holosteum umbellatum L. ssp. hirsutum (Mutel) 

Breislr. 20171 

V 20528 France (south-east) 20528 
R Krauseola gilletti Turrill 

R Kenya (Northern Frontier Province) 7959 

I Krauseola mosambicina (Moss) Pax & K. Horfm. 77.»9 

I Mozambique 7749 

V Loeflingia squarrosa Nuti. ssp. artemisiarum 

Barneby & Twisselman 20885. 20850. 19002 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 
I 20885 Mexico 20883 

I Lychnis lagrangei Coss. 

1 Morocco 

V Lychnis nivalis Kit. 19266.20171 

V 2065/ Romania (east Carpathians) 19266 

I Melandrium astrachanicum Facz. 59«. 20/7/ 

I 59'(2 Russia (E.Europe) - South (Astrakhan) 
59« 

R Minuartia anatolica (Boiss.) Woron. var. lanuginosa 

McNeill 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Minuartia anatolica (Boiss.) Woron. var. phrygia 

(Bomm.) McNeill 12840 



-124- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Minuartia 

R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Minuartia anatolica (Boiss.) Woron var. 

scleranthoides (Boiss. & Noe) McNeill na^io 
R 12S40 Turkey 72840 

R Minuartia anatolica (Boiss.) Woron var. letrastiche 

McNeil] 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Minuartia baldaccii (Hal^csy) Mattf. ssp. 

skutariensis Haye\i. 201 78. 20171 

R 207 78 Albania 207 7S 

I Minuartia bilykiana Klokov aooo. 20171 

I former European USSR 8000 

E Minuartia corymbulosa (Boiss. & Bal.) McNeill var. 

breviflora (Boiss.) McNeill 12840 
E 72840 Turkey 72840 

R Minuartia corymbulosa (Boiss. & Bal.) McNeill var. 

gypsophiloides McNeill i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 72840 

V Minuartia cumberlandensis (B.E. Wotford & Krai) 

McNeill 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 
V 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

E Minuartia decumbens T.w. & J. P. Nelson 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R Minuartia dianthifolia (Boiss.) Hand.-Mazz. ssp. 

cataonica McNeill 72«40 
R 72840 Turkey 12840 

R Minuartia dianthifolia (Boiss.) Hand.-Mazz. ssp. 

dianthifolia I2840 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 
E Minuartia glaucina Dvorikovi 19842 

E 7W27 Slovakia 19321 
E Minuartia godfreyi (Shinners) McNeill 20850, 70260 

E 20850 U.S. • Alabama 20850 

E 20850 US. - Arkansas 20850 

E 20850 US. - Florida 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nonh Carolina 20850 

Ex 20850 U.S. - Souih Carolina 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

R Minuartia gracilis McNeill i284o 

R I284C Turkey 12840 
E Minuartia graminifolia (Ard.) Jav. ssp. 

graminifolia 20171 

E 79949 Romania 20631 

I Mmuarria gngneniix (Rchb.) Mattf. 2077; 

I Italy 

R Minuartia handelii Mattf. 20171 

E 2709/ Bosnia & Herzegovina 27097 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

I Minuartia helmii (Ser.) Schischk. 77552. 20777 

I 5942 Russia (E.Europe) - East (Ural mountains) 

5942 
I 5942 Russia (E.Europe) - North (Ural mountains) 

5942 
I 5942 Russia (Siberia) - West (Ural mountains) 

5942 

R Minuartia hemiarioides (Rion) Hess & Landolt 78/54, 

1 Italy 8000 

R 78754 Switzerland 78754 

E Minuartia hirsuta (M.Bieb.) Hand.-Mazz. ssp. 

/rurexceni (Kit.) Hand.-Mazz. 20/77 



E 79949 Romania 2065/ 

R Minuartia issaurica McNeill 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Minuartia krascheninnikovii Sciuscbk. 8000. 20171 

R 7/552 Russian Federation (Ural Mts) //552 
I Minuartia langii (Reuss) Holub /9J27 

I 19321 Slovakia 79J27 

R Minuartia macrocarpa (Pursh) Ostenf. \ai.jooi 

(Makino) Hara 70572 
R 70572 Japan 70572 

E Minuartia marcescens (Fenzl) House 20850, 5567 

E 20850 Canada - Newfoundland 20850 
E 20850 Canada - (Juebec 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Vermont 20850 

R Minuartia mesogitana (Boiss.) Hand.-Mazz. ssp. lydia 

(Boiss.) McNeill 72840 
R 12840 Turkey 17840 
V Minuartia mesogitana (Boiss.) Hand.-Mazz. ssp. 

macrocarpa McNeill i284o 

V 12840 Turkey 72840 

R Minuartia nifensis McNeill i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Minuartia pestalozzae (Boiss.) Bomm. 72840 

R 72S40 Turkey 72840 
R Mmuarrta pjc/l/en (Boiss.) Maire & Petitm. 207 7/ 

R Greece 

R Minuartia platyphylla (Gay ex Christ) McNeill 75705 

R 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 

R Minuartia recurva (All.) Schinz. & Thell. ssp. 

carica McNeill 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Minuartia rimarum (Boiss. & Bal.) Mattf. var. 

multiflora McNeill 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 72840 

R Minuartia senneniana Maire & Mauricin 

R Morocco 

R Minuartia slojanovii (Kit.) Kozuharov & 

Kuzmanov 5204 
R 5204 Bulgaria (south-west) 5204 
R Greece 

E Minuartia stolonifera T.w. & J.P. Nelson 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Labrador 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R Minuartia taurica (Steven) Graebn. 8000. 20/77 

R former European USSR 8000 

R Minuartia trichocalycina (Ten. & Guss.) 

Grande 78264. 20/77 

R /8264 Italy (Abruzzi) 78264 

R Minuartia umbellulifera (Boiss.) McNeill ssp. 

fimbriata McNeill /2840 
R /2840 Turkey 12840 
R Minuartia umbellulifera (Boiss.) McNeill var. 

kurdica McNeill 12840 
R 12840 Turkey /2S40 
R Minuartia umbellulifera (Boiss.) McNeill ssp. 

pontica (Bomm.) McNeill 12840 
R /2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Minuartia umbellulifera (Boiss.) McNeill ssp. 

salbacica McNeill i284o 



-125- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Minuartia 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Minuartia valedictionis McNeill I2S40 

R nS40 Turkey I2i40 

R Minuartia valentina (Pau) Sennen 20648 

R 20692 Spain (Castellon & Valencia provinces) 
20692 

R Minuartia velenovski (Rohlena) Hayek 20ns 

R 20/74 Albania 20/78 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Minuartia vema (L.) Hiern ssp. brevipetala 

Hartvig & Strid 12840 
R }2840 Turkey 12840 

E Minuartia wettsteinii Maitf. 20/7; 

E 207i0 Greece - Crete 20710 

R Moehringia dielsiana Mattf. /«26-(. 20/7; 

R 18264 Italy (Lombardy) /S26.( 
R Moehringia fontqueri Pau sooo. 20; 7/ 

R Spain (south east (Almeria)) 8000 

I Moehringia hypanica Grynj & Klokov 59.<2, 20/7; 

1 5942 Ukraine 59-<2 
R Moehringia intermedia (Loisel.) Panizzi 20/7; 

R 20; 7/ France 20/7; 
R Moehringia jankae Griseb. t\ Jaiiki> 19266. 20171 

R 520.< Bulgaria ;9266 

V 19949 Romania (Dolurogea) /9266 

R Moehringia lebrunii Meinan. i8264. 20171 

R 20528 France (Alpes-Marilimes) 20S28 
R 18264 Italy (Liguna) 18264 

R Moehringia markgrafii Merxm. & Gutermann ;8264. 

2077; 

R ;826.» Italy 18264 
R Moehringia minutiflora Bornm. 20/7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Moehringia papulosa auct., non Verto\. 18264. 20171 

R France 

R 18264 Italy (marches) 78264 

R Moehringia sedoides (Pers.) Cumino ex Loisel. 20777 

R 20528 France (Alpes-Marilimes) 20528 
R 20528 Italy 20S28 

R Moehringia stellarioides Coss. /o<87 

R 7-(958 Algeria 70J87 
R Moehringia tommasinii Marches. 8000. 20171 

V /S26'< Italy (Fnuli-Venezia Giulia) 79997 
R 7^662 Slovenia (south western) 13662 

I Petrocoma hoefftiana (Fischer) Rupr. 59« 

I 59-^2 Russia • North Caucasus 5942 
R Petrocoptis crassifolia Rouy 8000. 20171 

R 79774 Spain (Pyrenees) 11496 

V Petrocoptis grandiflora Rothm. 8000. 20171 

V 7977.» Spain (north-west) 8000 

R Petrocoptis pardoi Pau 8000. 20/7/ 

R 20874 Spain (Castellon province) 11496 

V Petrocoptis pseudoviscosa Fern.Casas i789i. 20171 

V 20S74 Spam 20874 

V Petrocoptis viscosa Rothm. 20/77 

V Spam 

R Petrorhagia dianthoides (Sm.) P.w.Ball & 

Hey wood 20171 
R 207J7 Greece - Crete 20711 

V Petrorhagia hispidula (Boiss. * Heldr.) Ball & 



Heyw. 72840 

V 72840 Turkey 12840 

R Petrorhagia lycica (Davis) Ball & Heyw. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S40 

V Petrorhagia pamphylica (Boiss. & Ball.) Ball. & 

Heyw. 72840 

V 12840 Turkey 72840 

R Petrorhagia peroninii (Boiss. Kan. & Heyw. 12840 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 

R Petrorhagia rhiphaea (Pau & al) P.w. Ball & Heywood 

R Morocco 

R Petrorhagia rupeslris Bnillo & Furnari 

R Libya 

R Phryna ortegioides (Fisch. & Mey.) Pax & 

Hoffm. 12S40 
R 12840 Turkey 72840 

V Pinosia glandulosa Alain 5607 

V 79705 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

R Polycarpaea camosa C. Smith ex Buch 75705 

R 75/05 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 

V Polycarpaea diffusa Wight & Arnott 74782 

V 74782 India - Tamil Nadu 74782 

I Polycarpaea gamopetala R. Berhaut 800J 

I Senegal 800J 

R Polycarpaea gomerensis Burchard 

R Spain - Canary Is. 

R Polycarpaea incana l.D.Cowie 206S7 

R 20687 Australia - Northern Temtory 20687 
I Polycarpaea jaurensis R.A. King 20146 

I 20/46 Oman (central) 20/46 
I Polycarpaea linearifolia (DC.) DC. var. racemosa 

Berhaut 8003 

I Senegal 800J 

V Polycarpaea robusta (Pitard) Kunkel 75705 

V 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 75/OJ 

R Polycarpaea smithii Link /5705 

R 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 75/05 
R Polycarpaea staminodina F.Muell. 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Northern Temtory 2068/ 
R Polycarpaea tenuis Webb ex Christ /5705 

R /5/05 Spam - Canary Is, /5/05 
R Polycarpon prostratum (Forssk.) Asch. & Schweinf. var. 

littorale J. Raynal & A. Raynal 8003 

R Senegal (Tanma) SOOJ 

R Psammosilene tunicoides w.c. Wu & C.V. Wu /76/7 

R 77677 China - Guizhou (Wening) 11139 

R 77677 China - Sichuan 7//J9 

R 77677 China - Xizang Zizhiqu (Lingze. Mangkang) 

777J9 
R 77677 China - Yunnan 7//J9 

R Pseudostellaria okamotoi Ohwi /5957 

R /592J Korea. South (Mt Chin) /J957 

R Sanctambrosia manicata Skoitsb. ex Kuschel 5595 

R /95J4 Chile ■ Islas Desvenmrados 559S 
R Saponaria cypria Boiss. /42J0 

R /9/64 Cyprus (Troodos area) /42J0 

R Saponaria dalmasiia Boissieu i2840 

R 12840 Turkey 72840 

E Saponaria halophila Hedge & Huber-Mor. 12840 



-126- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Saponaria 

E I2S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Saponaria lutea L. 18154. 20171 

R 20S28 France (Savoie) 20528 
I Italy SOW 

R 18154 Switzerland 18154 

R Saponaria pamphylica Boiss. & Heldr. i2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey /2S40 
R Saponaria picta Boiss. ;2S.«) 

R /2840 Turkey /2S«) 

R Saponaria pinetorum Hedge ;2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2S-H) 

I Saponaria syriaca Boiss. /2S«) 

I /2S-W Turkey 12840 
E Schiedea adamantis St. John 2o«50, ;4209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawan (Oahu) 20850 

Ex/E Schiedea amplexicaulis Mann 20«50. ;«09 

Ex/E 20SJ0 U.S. - Hawau (Kaua'i) 20850 

E Schiedea apokremnos St. John 208J0. 14209 

E 20«0 U.S. - Hawau (Kaua 1) 20850 

V Schiedea diffusa Gray 20«jo 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Schiedea globosa Mann 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Schiedea haleakalensis o. Deg. & Sherff 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 

E Schiedea helleri Sherff 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

E Schiedea hookeri Gray 20«50 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Schiedea hookeri A.Gray var. hookeri 14209 

R 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu, Maui) 14209 

Ex/E Schiedea implexa (Hbd.) Sherff 208S0. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 US. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 

E Schiedea kaalae Wawra 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. . Hawaii 20850 

E Schiedea kaalae Wawra var. kaalae 14209 

E 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) /4209 

E Schiedea kealiae Caum & Hosaka 20850. /■»20i> 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Oahu - War anaeMts.) 
20850 

V Schiedea ligustrina Cham. & Schlecht. 20«50 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Schiedea lydgatei Hbd. 20«50 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Schiedea lydgatei HiUebrand var. 

lydgatei 14209 
R 14209 U.S. -Hawaii (Moloka'i) 14209 

V Schiedea mannii St. John 20850 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Waianae Mts.) 

20850 

E Schiedea membranacea St. John 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

V Schiedea menziesii Hook. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Schiedea menziesii Hook. var. 

menziesii 14209 
R M209 U.S. - Hawaii /^OSi 
E Schiedea nuttallii Hook. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii 20850 



R Schiedea nuttallii Hook. var. 

nuttallii 14209 

R /■»209 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu - Waianae Mts.) 
14209 

V Schiedea pubescens Hbd. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Schiedea pubescens Hillebrand var. 

pubescens 20S50. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20SS0 

V Schiedea pubescens Hillebrand var. purpurascens 

Sherff 20850. 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Schiedea salicaria Hbd. 20S50. ;«09 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (West Maui) 20850 

E Schiedea spergulina Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 
E Schiedea spergulina A. Gray var. leiopoda 

Sherff 20850, y«09 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Schiedea spergulina a. Gray var. 

spergulina 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

E Schiedea stellarioides Mann 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex Schiedea stellarioides H. Mann var. 
stellarioides 14209 
Ex 14209 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Kaua'i) 14209 
E Schiedea verticillata F. Br. 20850. 14209 

E 20850 US, - Hawaii (Nlhoa) 20850 

I Silene adscendens Lag. 20171 

I Spain (Almena coast) 

I Silene akinfievii Schmalh. 5942 

I 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 

I 5942 Georgia 5942 

R Silene akmaniana Ekim & Celik ;2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey /28«) 
E Silene alexandri Hbd. 20850, ;«09 

E 20850 U.S, - Hawaii (east Moloka'i) 20850 
R Silene almolae J.Gay 20/7; 

R Spain 

V Silene ammophila Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7; 

V 20731 Greece - Crete (inc, Karpathos. Kasos) 

207j; 

R Silene anatolica Melzbeimer & Baytop 12840 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 
I Silene aomorensis Mizush. /0572 

I ;0572 Japan ;0572 

V Silene aperta Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Silene araratica Schisichk. I2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Silene argaea Fisch. & Mey. 12840 

R /2S40 Turkey /2S'»0 

R Silene aristidis Pomel I04S7 

R M958 Algeria 10487 
R Silene armena Boiss. var. serrulata (Boiss.) Coode 

& Cullen 12840 
R /2840 Turkey 12840 

V Silene articulata Viv. 



-127- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Silene 

V Libya 

R Silene azirensis Coode & CuUen naw 

R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Silene barbara Humbert & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Si7en« frarfreyana Heldr. ex BoUs. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Silene bemardina S.Watson losso 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20SS0 U.S. • Nevada 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Oregon 20S50 

R Si7«ne berthelotiana Webb /5;o5 

R /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
I Silene biafrae Hook.f. 

I Cameroon (Cameroon ml) 

R Silene biappendiculata Rohrb. 

R Egypt 

R Libya 

R Silene birandiana Ekim i2S4o 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R SiVene bolanthoides Quezel.Coutaud & a. 

Pamukc. I2S40 
R /28'«) Turkey ;28'«) 
R Silene bourgeaui Webb ex Christ (5/05 

R /5;05 Spam - Canary Is. ;5;05 

R Silene brachypodaRoxiy 201 71 

R France (south) 

R Silene brevicalyx Hartwig & strid I2S40 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Silene campanula Vets. 20171 

R France 

R Italy 

E Silene campanulala S. Watson ssp. 

campanulata 2os5o 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I Silene canariensis Willd. /5;o5 

I 75/05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

R Silene capillipes Boiss. & Heldr. y2«-«) 

R /28'«) Turkey J2840 

R SiVene caramanica Boiss. & Heldr. ;28«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2S«) 

R Silene cariensis Boiss. ;28-»o 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 

R Si/ene cartilaginea Huber-Mor. 12840 

R ;28.(0 Turkey 12840 
R Si/ene caryophlloides (Poiret.) Otth ssp. echinus 

(Bois. & Held.) Coode & Cullen 12840 
R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 
R Silene caryphylloides (Poiret) Otth ssp. stentoria 

(Fenzl) Coode & Culien 12840 
R ;28«) Turkey 72840 

R Silene cerastoides L. 20/7; 

R 207J; Greece - Crete 2075/ 

E Silene cintrana Rothm. 8000. 201 7; 

E 20076 Portugal (Cintra) 8000 

E Silene cirtensis Pomel ;o«87 

E 14958 Algena 10487 

R Silene claryi Battand. i0487 

R 14958 Algeria 10487 



E Silene clokeyi C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R Silene cordifolia All. 20171 

R France 

R Italy 

I Silene cretacea Fisch. ex Spreng. 5942. 20171 

I 5942 Russia (E.Europe) ■ South 5942 
Ex/E Silene cryptopetala Hbd. 20850. /^op 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 
R Silene cythnia (Halacsy) Walters 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Silene damboldtiana Greuter & Melzh. 201 71 

R Greece 

Ex/E SiVsne degeneri Sherff 20S50 /^op 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 

R Silene delicatula Boiss. ssp. pisidica Coode & 

Cullen /28«l 
R /2S«) Turkey 12840 

V Silene diclinis (Lag.) M.Laiaz 19174. 20171 

V ;9/74 Spain (La Safor, Valencia) 20692 

R Silene dictaea Recb.f. 20I7J 

R 207j; Greece • Crete 207J/ 
R Silene dinarica Spreag. 17823. 20 ni 

R 79949 Romania 206J7 
R Silene dionysii sioj. & Jordanov 20/77 

R Greece 

R Silene dissecta Litard. & Maire 

R Morocco 

E Silene douglasii Hook. var. oraria (M.E. Peck) 

C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
R Silene echinosperma Boiss. & Heldr. 20777 

R Greece 

R 5iVene echinospermoides Huber-Mor. 207J7 

R 207J7 Greece - East Aegean Is 2075/ 

V Silene elegans Link ex Brot. 20777 

V SJ22 Portugal 8322 

R Silene elisabetha Jan 20777 

R Italy 

R Silene elisabethae Jan 7826-<. 20777 

R 78264 Italy 78264 

R Silene ermenekensis M. Vural & Kit Tan i284o 

R 72840 Turkey 12840 
R Silene fraudatrixMeOsle 14230 

R 79764 Cyprus /42i0 

I Silene fntticosa L. ssp. cyrenaica Beguinot & 

Vaccari /J988 
I 75988 Egypt (westernmost part of Mediterranean 

coast) 75988 
I Libya 

V Silene f areata Raf. ssp. angustiflora (Rupr.) 

Wahers /4526. 20/77 
E 20675 Finland 8000 

V 77852 Norway 74766 

V 20083 Sweden 782/6 

R Silene gaditana Talavera & Bocquet 20777 

R 2066/ Spain (Cadiz. Malaga) 2066/ 

R Silene ghiarensis Baitand. /0487 

R /4958 Algeria /04S7 



-128- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): CaryophyUaceae: SUene 
R Silene giraldii Gass. 20I7I 

R Italy 

R Italy • Sardinia 

V Silene glaberrima Faure & Maire W4S7 

V I495S Algena I04S7 

R Silene goulimyi TwrrOl 19174,20171 

R 19174 Greece 19174 

I Silene guicciardii Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7; 

1 Greece 

R Silene haradjianii Chowdh. i2S4o 

R I2S40 Turkey 12S40 

V Si/ene haussknechtii Heldr. ex Hausskn. sooo. 20/7; 

V Greece 

E Silene hawaiiensis Sherff 208JO 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Silene hawaiiensis Sherff var. 

hawaiiensis 14209 

R /^OP U.S. - Hawaii /^OP 
I Silene hellmannii Claus sooo. 20171 

I 7/552 Russian Federation (western. Ural Mts) 

;;552 
E Silene hicesiae Bmllo & Signor. ;7S5';. 20/7; 

E 11264 Italy -Sicjly ;7S9; 

I Silene hidakaalpina (Miy. & Tatew.) Ohwi & 

Ohashi /0572 
I /0572 Japan ;0572 

V Silene hifacensis Rouy ex WiUk. sooo. 20171 
E 20692 Spain (east ■ Alicante Province) 8000 

V 11496 Spain - Balearic Is. (Ibiza) SOOO 

V Silene holzmanniiHtldr.ex Boiss. 20171 

V 207J; Greece - East Aegean Is 207j; 

R Silene inclinata Huber & Mor. I2S40 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R 5i7ene insularis Barbey 20/7; 

R 207J/ Greece • Crete (Karpathos) 207J/ 

R Silene integripetala Bory & Chaub. ssp. greuteri 

(Phitos) Akeroyd y9;2;. 20/7/ 
R 207J/ Greece - Crete 2075/ 
R Silene isaurica Contandr. & Quezel 12840 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Silene ispartensis Ghazanfar i2S4o 

R /2SW Turkey 12840 

R 5i7e/ie_/VH7fnxis N.l.Rubtzov 20/7/ 

E 20655 Ukraine - Crimea 2065J 
R former European USSR 

I Silene khasiana Rohrb. I47S2 

I 14782 India - Meghalaya /■<782 
R Silene kumaonensis F. Williams /588J 

R /J88J India • Unar Pradesh (Gariiwal Himalaya) 

/J885 

R Silene kunawarensis Royle 13883 

R ;5SSJ India - Himachal Pradesh I3SS3 
R 13883 India - Jammu & Kashmir /i885 
R /J8SJ Pakistan /J88J 

R 5i/ene /aconico Boiss. & Orph. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

V Silene lagunensis C. Smith 15105 

V /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ISIOS 
E 5i7ene lanceolata Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 



E Silene lanceolata A.Gray var. 

lanceolata 14209 
E 14209 U.S. - Hawaii 14209 

R Silene leucophylla Boiss. 

R Egypt 

V Silene longicilia (Broi.) otih sooo. 20/7/ 

V 20076 Portugal SOOO 

R Silene lucida Chowdh. ssp. glandulosa T. 

Ekim 12840 
R /2840 Turkey I2S40 

R Silene lycaonica Chowdh. i2S4o 

R /2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Silene macrantha (Pancic) H.Neumayer 20; 7S. 20/7/ 

R 20/78 Albania 20/ 7S 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

V Silene mariana Pau n89i. 20/7/ 

V 20660 Spain (Clorle. Sevilla. Malaga) 11496 
I Silene marmarica Beguinot & Vaccari 

1 Libya 

E Silene marmorensis Kmckeberg 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Silene morrisonmontana (Hayata) Ohwi & Ohashi var. 

glabella (Ohwi) & Ohashi 20511 
R 205// Taiwan 20511 

V Silene nachlingerae Tiehm 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Silene nevadensis Boiss. 20171 

V Spain 

R Si7ene ni></en Heldr. ex Boiss. 20J71 

R Greece 

E Silene nocteolens Webb & Berthel. /5/05 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Silene oligantha Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

Ex Silene oligotricha Huber-Mor. i284o 

Ex 12840 Turkey 12S40 

R Silene oreades Boiss. & Heldr. /2s-«) 

R /iS-fO Turkey I2S40 

E Silene orphanidis Boiss. 8000. 20/7/ 

E Greece (north (Athos)) 8000 
R Silene ovata Pursh 20S50 

E 20850 US. - Alabama 20S50 

V 20350 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -South Carolina 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Virginia 20S50 

R Silene paphlagonica Bomm. 12840 

R /2S-W Turkey 12S40 

R Silene parishii S. Watson 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Silene parishii s.Wats var. parishii 208S0 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Silene pentelica Boiss. 20171 

R Greece 

E Silene perimanii W.L. Wagner, Herbst & Sohmer 20850. 

/J209 



-129- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: SUene 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu. Wai'anae Mis.) 
20SS0 

R Silene petersonii Maguire 208S0 

R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Silene petersonii Maguire var. minor C.L. Hitchc. 

& Maguire 208S0 

20850 U.S. - Utah 20S50 

V Silene petersonii Maguire var. 

petersonii 20850 

20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

R Silene pindicolaMmsskn. 19174.20171 

R 20; 7« Albania 20178 
R 19174 Greece 19174 

R Silene pinetorum Boiss. & HtXdr. 20171 

R 207il Greece - Crete 207j; 
R Silene plankii C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

R Silene pogonocalyx (Svent.) D. Bramwell in 

press ;5/05 
R ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Silene polypetala (Wah.) Fem. & Schub. 20850. 

16271 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Florida 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E Silene pompeiopolitana ]. Gay ex Boiss. i284o. 20171 

E 12840 Turkey 12840 

E Silene pseudovestita Battand. io487 

E 14958 Algena 10487 
E Silene rectiramea B.L. Robins. 20850. /■<662 

E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
E Silene reeseana Maire 

E Morocco 

R SUene regia Sims 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
- Arkansas 20850 
■ Georgia 20850 



R 
R 
R 



V 20850 U.S. 
E 20850 U.S. 
E 20850 U.S. 

V 20850 U.S. 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. 
E 20850 U.S. 
R 20850 U.S. 
V 
E 



Illinois 20850 
Indiana 20850 
Kansas 20850 
Kenmcky 20850 
Missouri 20850 
20850 U.S. - Ohio 20850 
20850 U.S. -Oklahoma 20850 



Ex/E 20850 U.S. -Tennessee 20850 
Silene repens Patrin var. apoiensis 

Hara ;05 72 
I 70572 Japan 70572 

Silene reticulata Desf. /4958 

R Algeria 

I Tunisia 

Silene retzdorffiana (K.Maly) H.Neumayer 20171 

V 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09; 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

Silene reverchoni Battand. /o«7 

V 14958 Algena 10487 

Silene rhiphaena Pau & Font Quer 

R Morocco 

5i7ene rosulata Soy.-wai. & Godron /0487. 20/7/ 

R /-(SSS Algena /04S7 
Silene rosulta Soyer-Willemet & Godron ssp. 

Sanctae-therasiae (Jeanmonod) Jeanmonod /82M 



R 18264 Italy - Sardinia 18264 
E Silene rothmaleri P.SUva 8OOO. 20171 

E 20706 Portugal (south west) 8000 

V Silene sabinosae Pitard 15105 

V 20750 Spain - Canai> Is. /5/05 

V Silene salsuginea Huber-Mor. i284o 

V 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Silene sangaria Coode & Cullen i284o. 20171 

V /987J Turkey 12840 

R Silene scabrida Soy.-wui. & Godron 

R Algena 

I Tunisia 

V Silene schimperiana Boiss. I6I6S 

V /6/68 Egypt 76/68 

R Si/ene schmuckeri Wettst. 20/7/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Silene schwarzenbergeri Haiicsy 19174.20171 

R 19174 Albania /9/74 

R /9/74 Greece /9/7.< 

R Silene scythicina Coode & Cidlen 12840 

R /28-«) Turkey /2840 
E Silene seelyi Morton & J.W. Thompson 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Washington 20850 
E Silene sessionis Battand. /0'f87 

E /■<95« Algena 10487 
R Silene sipylea O. Schwarz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

V Silene sordida Huber-Mor. & Reese 12840 

V 12840 Turkey /28.W 

V Silene spaldingii S.Watson 20850 

E 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

R Silene splendens Boiss. /28«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 
R Si'/ene squamigera Boiss. ssp. vesiculifera (Gay ex 

Boiss.) Coode & Cullen 12840 
R /2S40 Turkey /28.«) 

R Silene stenocalycina Recb.f. 20171 

R Greece 

E Silene stockenii Chater /9/7.(. 20/7; 

E /9/7^ Spain (Cadiz) U496 
R Silene subciliata B.L. Robins. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Silene succulenta forssk. 20171 

V Greece 

R 20805 Italy - Sardinia 20805 

V Silene succulenta Forssk. ssp. Corsica (DC.) 

Nyman /5080. 20/7/ 

V 20726 France - Corsica ISOSO 

V /826-< Italy - Sardinia /5080 

R Silene Surculosa Huber-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey I2S40 

Ex/E Silene telavivensis Zoh. & Plitm. 8895 

Ex/E Israel (last seen 1960) 8896 

R Silene lempskyana Freyn & Sint. 20171 

R Greece 



-130- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Caryophyllaceae: Silene 
R Silene tunicoides Boiss. I2S4C 

R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 

E Silene uralensis (Rupr.) Bocquet ssp. ogilviensis 

(Porsild) Brunton 20SS0. 1034 
E 20SS0 Canada - Yukon Temtory 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

I Silene vagans Clarke ;j782 

I 14782 India - Nagaland 14782 

V Silene velutina Pourr. ex Loisel. sooo. 20/7; 

V 19174 France - Corsica (south-easlem) 19174 

E /8264 Italy - Sardinia (rocks of northern Sardegna.) 
19997 

R Silene velutinoides Pomel i0487. 20171 

R ;-(M« Algeria ;(MS7 

V Silene verecunda S.Watson ssp. 

verecunda 208S0 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R SiVfne vidaliana Pau & Font Quer 

R Morocco 

R Silene viscariopsis Boinm. 20/7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

5i/ene volubilitana Braun-BUnquet & Maire 

I Morocco 

Silene wrightii Gray 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

Silene zawadzkii Herbich ;782J, 20/7/ 

R 19947 Romania 19949 
I 5942 Ukraine (Carpathian Mts.) 59« 
Spergula arvensis L. ssp. gracilis (E. Petit) 

Briq. 8001. 20171 

V 20726 France - Corsica 19164 
Spergula fontenellei Maire 10487 

V /.(PJS Algeria 10487 
Spergula viscosa Lag. ssp. viscosa 

R Spain 

Spergularia azorica (Kindb.) Lebel sooo. 2oni 

V 19174 Portugal - Azotes 8000 

Spergularia collina l.M. Johnston I8200 

E 9446 Pern ;820O 

Spergularia congestifolia l.M. Johnston ;«2(W 

E 9446 Peru 18200 
Spergularia fallax Lowe 

R Portugal - Madeira 

I Portugal - Salvage Is. 

R Spain - Canary Is. 

Spergularia fasciculata Philippi 18200 

V 9446 Peru ;«200 

Spergularia lyciaularia Mounnier & Quezel i284o 

R ;2«40 Turkey /2840 
Spergularia masafuerana Skottsb. /9;j6 

V ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9;;6 

Spergularia pycnorrhiza (Maire) Monnier ;04S7 
R 14958 Algena 10487 

Spergularia tenuifolia Pomel 10488 

R 14958 Algeria I048S 

Stellaria alaskana Hulten 20S50. 1034 
I 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 
E 20«J0 Canada - Yukon Territory 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

Stellaria aphanantha Griseb. 16336 



R 16336 Argentina 16336 

R 20; 76 Argentina - Catamarca 20/76 

R Stellaria decipiens var. angustata I9i06 

R ;9J05 New Zealand - Antipodes Is. /9;06 

I Stellaria depressa Schmid 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

R Stellaria dicranoides (Cham. & Schlecht.) Fenzl ;oj4 

E 20850 Canada - Yukon Territory 20850 
R 208.50 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

Ex Stellaria elatinoides Hook. f. 15135 

Ex 15135 New Zealand - North Is. 15135 

V Stellaria fontinalis (Short & Peter) b.l. 

Robins. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Kennicky 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

R Stellaria longipes Goldie ssp. arenicola (Raup) 

Chiimappa & J.K. Morton 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
R 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 

R Stellaria nipponica Ohwi var. yezoensis 

Hara ;0572 
R /0572 Japan /0572 
E Stellaria porsildii Chinnappa 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

R Stellaria pterosperma Ohvri ;o572 

R ;0572 Japan ;0572 

V Stellaria ruscifolia Hulten ssp. aleutica 

Hulten 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Alaska 20850 

R Thurya capitata Boiss. & Bal. /2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 

R Uebelinia crassifolia T.c.E. Fries 

R Kenya (Mt. Kenya & Aberdare Mts.) 7959 

R Velezia hispida Boiss. ;284o 

R /2S40 Turkey 72840 

V Velezia pseudorigida Huber-Mor. i284o 

V ;2S40 Turkey 12840 

V Velezia tunicoides Davis ;2840 

V 12840 Turkey /2840 

Casuarinaceae 

Number of genera: x 

Number of species : 5 

Recorded threatened species: 14 

Australia, Pacific islands, Asia. 



(28%) 



R Allocasuarina crassa L.A.s.Johnson 206s; 

R 2068/ Australia ■ Tasmania 2068/ 

E Allocasuarina defungens L.A.S Johnson 2068; 

E 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 20681 

V Allocasuarina duncanii L.A.SJohnson & 

D.I.Morris 206SJ 

V 20681 Australia - Tasmania 20681 

E Allocasuarina emuina L.A.S.Johnson 2068; 

E 2068/ Australia - (Queensland 20681 

V Allocasuarina fibrosa (C.Gardner) 

L.A.S.Johnson 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 20681 
R Allocasuarina filidens L.A.SJohnson 2068/ 



-131- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Casuarinaceae; Allocasuarina 

R 206SI Australia - Queensland 2068} 
E Allocasuarina glareicola L.A.S.Johnson 2068I 

E 20681 Australia - New South Wales 20681 
E Allocasuarina portuensis L.A.S.Johnson 2068I 

E 20681 Australia - New South Wales 20681 
R Allocasuarina nipicola L.A.S.Johnson 2068I 

I 20681 Australia • New South Wales 2064/ 

I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068; 

V Allocasuarina simulans L.A.S.Johnson 201SS/ 

V 20«s; Australia - New South Wales 20681 

V Allocasuarina thalassoscopica L.A.S.Johnson 20681 

V 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

V Allocasuarina tortiramula e.m. Bennett 2068; 

V 20681 Australia - Western Australia 20681 

R Gymnostoma australianum L.A.S.Johnson 2068/ 

R 206S; Australia - Queensland 20687 

V Gymnostoma leucodon (Poisson) L.Johnson 20893 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20893 

Cecropiaceae 

Number of genera: 6 

Number of species : 2 76 

Recorded threatened species : 41 (14%) 

Tropical. 

R Cecropia granvilleana C.C. Berg 11120 

R III20 French Guiana /;;20 

V Cecropia longipes Pin. 20i83. 9006 

V 20883 Panama 20883 

E Cecropia maxonii Pitt. 20883. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 20883 
R Cecropia pittieri Robinson 9037 

R ;;;20 Costa Rica 9037 
E Coussapoa arachnoidea Akkermans & Berg 20S83 

E 208SJ Brazil 20883 

V Coussapoa argentea Akkermans & Berg 20883 
I 208SJ Venezuela 208S3 

E Coussapoa batavorum Akkermans & Berg 208S3. 11120 

E 20S83 Colombia 20883 
R Coussapoa brevipes Pitt. 20883. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 208S3 

E Coussapoa chocoensis Cuatrecasas 20883. 11120 

E 20883 Colombia 208S3 

E Coussapoa cinnamomea Cuatrecasas 208S3 

E 20883 Colombia 20883 
E Coussapoa cupularis Akkermans & Berg 20883. 1 1 120 

E 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R Coussapoa curranii Blake 2088J, 11120 

I 2088J Brazil (south-east and south) 2/022 

V Coussapoa echinata Akkermans & Berg 20883. 9991 

R 999; Panama 20SS3 

V Coussapoa ferruginea Trecut 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

I 20883 French Guiana 2088J 

E Coussapoa floccosa Akkermans & Berg 20883. 11120 

E 20883 Brazil 20883 
I 2/022 Brazil - Minas Gerais 2/022 

E Coussapoa fulvescens Berg 20883 

E 20883 Colombia 20883 



R Coussapoa glaberrima Burger 20883. 9037 

1 20883 Costa Rica 208SJ 
I 20883 Nicaragua 20883 
I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Coussapoa longepedunculata Akkermans & Berg 2088i 

I 20883 Ecuador 20883 
I 20883 Peru 2088J 

E Coussapoa macerrima Akkermans & Berg 20883. 9991 

E 20883 Costa Rica 20883 

E Coussapoa manuensis Berg 2088J. 12468 

R 999/ Peru 20883 

V Coussapoa napoensis Akkermans & Berg 20883 
I 20S8J Colombia 20883 

I 20S8J Ecuador 20883 

V Coussapoa nymphaeifolia Standley 20«8J 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 
E Coussapoa pachyphylla Akkermans & Berg 20883. 1 1 120 

I 2088J Brazil 2088J 
E Coussapoa scabra Akkermans & Berg 20883. 11120 

E 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Coussapoa tolimensis Berg 2088J 

E 20883 Colombia 2088J 

V Coussapoa valaria Berg ■>0883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Pourouma acuminata Martins ex Miquel 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

I 20883 Peru 208SJ 

R Pourouma bicolor (Standley) C.C. Berg & van Heusden ssp. 

chocoana (Standley) C.C. Berg & Heusolen 20883. 9006 
I 20883 Panama 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Pourouma bicolor ssp. tessmannii (Mildbraed) C.C. 

Berg & van Heusden 2088J 
I 20883 Peru 20883 

E Pourouma bolivarensis c. c. Berg 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20S8J 

V Pourouma elliptica standley 20883 

V 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R Pourouma ferruginea Standley 20883 

I 2088J Brazil 20883 

R Pourouma formicarum Ducke 2088J 

R 20S8J Brazil 2088J 

R Pourouma guianensis ssp. venezuelensis (Cuatrecasas) 

C.C Berg & van Heusden 2088J 

V 20883 Venezuela 2088J 

V Pourouma herrerensis Berg 20«8J 

I 20S8J Peru 20S8J 
R Pourouma hirsutipetiolata Mildbraed 20883 

I 20SSJ Colombia 20883 

I 20S8J Ecuador 20883 

V Pourouma hirsutipetiolata Mildbraed ssp. 

hirsutipetiolata 208S3 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Pourouma hirsutipetiolata Mildbraed ssp. hispida 

(Standley & Cuatrecasas) C. C. Berg & van Heusden 20883 
E 2088J Colombia 20883 
I 20883 Ecuador 2088J 

R Pourouma melinonii ssp. glabrata C.C. Berg & van 

Heusden 20883 
I 20883 Panama 20883 
I 208<i Colombia 20Mi 



-132- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cecropiaceae: Pourouma 

V Pourouma napoensis Berg 20S83. lino 

V lino Ecuador 20883 

V Pourouma oraria Standi. & Cuatr. 20881. 9006 
I 20883 Panama 20883 

V lino Colombia 20883 

V Pourouma phaeotricha Mildbraed 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

I 20883 Peni 20883 

E Pourouma stipulaceae C.C. Berg 20S8J 

I 20S8i Guyana 20883 

R Pourouma tomentosa ssp. essequiboensis (Staodley) 

C.C. Berg & van Heusden 20883 

I 20«« Brazil 20883 

I 20SSJ Guyana 20883 

R Pourouma tomentosa ssp. maroniensis (Benoist) C.C. 

Berg & van Heusden 20SSJ 
I 208W Brazil 20883 

I 2088J French Guiana 20SS3 
I 2088J Sunname 2088J 

Celastraceae 

Number of genera: 50 

Number of species : 8 00 

Recorded threatened species: 93 (11%) 

Pantropical, some in temperate regions. 

E Anthodon panamense A.C. Sm. 208«j. 10747 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 

E Apatophyllum constablei McGUUvray 20681 

E 2068; Australia - New South Wales 20681 

V Apatophyllum olsenii McGiUivray 20681 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20681 

R Bhesa ceylanica (Am.) Ding Hou ;28J8 

R 12838 Sn Lanka 12838 

E Bhesa nitidissima Kosterm. 10283 

E 12838 Sri Lanka 10283 
E fiAe^a 5inica (H.T. Chang & S.Y. Liang) H.T. Chang & S.Y. 

Liang ;76;7 
E /76/7 China - Guangxi (Nankan) /76/7 

R Campylostemon nigrisilvae Halle 7927 

R Cote d'lvoire 

V Catha abbottii A.E.van Wyk & M.Prins 20604 

V 206O4 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V 206O4 South Africa - Natal 20604 

E Celastrus panamensis Lund. 208S3. 9006 

R /9577 Panama 20gSJ 

V Crossopetalum ekmanii (Urban) Alain 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Sancti Spiritus) 5607 

R Crossopetalum ilicifolium (Poir.) Kuntze 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Florida 20850 

R Crossopetalum panamense Lundell 10303 

R 79577 Panama ;0J05 
E Crossopetalum rostratum (Urban) Rothm. 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

E Cuervea hawkesii Proctor 20883. 13336 

E 13336 Jamaica 20883 
R Cuervea jamaicensis Proctor 20s«j 

R 2088J Jamaica 20883 
R Denhamia moorei Jessup 2068; 

R 206S; Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 



V Denhamia parvifolia L.S.Smith 206«; 

V 206gy Australia • Queensland 2068/ 

R Denhamia viridissima Bailey & F.Muell. 206«; 

R 2068/ Australia • Queensland 2068/ 
E Elaeodendron gomenense viroi 20893 

E 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 
R Elaeodendron laneanum A.H. Moore 

R Bermuda 

E Elaeodendron vieillardii Gudlaumin 20893 

E 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 

E Euonymus angulatus Wight 11494 

E 11494 India - Kamataka (Coorg) 11494 
E 11494 India - Kerala (Palghat Dt) 11494 
E 11494 India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgin Hills) 
11494 

E Euonymus assamicus Blakelock 11494 

E 11494 India - Assam (Delei Valley) 11494 
E Euonymus boninensis Koidz. soj7 

E 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 80J7 
I Euonymus bullatus Wallich ex Lindley 

1 India - Assam 

I India - Meghalaya 

R Euonymus globularis Ding Hou 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
I Euonymus koopmannii Lauche 5942 

I 5942 Kazakhstan 59« 
I 5942 Kyrgyzstan 5942 

R Euonymus latifolius (L.) Miller ssp. cauconis 

Coode & Cullen 12840 
R 206/8 Turkey 206/8 

R Euonymus mexicanus Benth. 10295 

R /9755 Mexico - Hidalgo /0295 

E Euonymus morrisonensis Kaneh. & Sas. 20511 

E 20854 Taiwan (Mt Alishan & Ml Yushan) 20511 

E Euonymus pallidifolia Hayata 20511 

E 20854 Taiwan (P'ing-tung; Heng-ch'un) 20511 
I Euonymus paniculatus Wight ex M. Lawson 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

Ex/E Euonymus serratifolius Beddome //494 

Ex/E //494 India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

I Euonymus thwaitesii Lawson /0252 

I /6/62 Sri Lanka 10252 
R Euonymus walkeri Wight n838 

R 12838 Sri Lanka /28J8 
I Glyptopetalum palawanense Men. 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (Palawan) 13833 

R Gyminda orbicularis Borh. & Muniz 5607 

R /9/05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

V Hexaspora pubescens C.vnaie 20681.5465 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20681 

R Hippocratea andamanica King 777/ 

R /4782 India - Andaman Is. 777/ 
I Hippocratea graciliflora OUv. var. newalensis 

Blakelock 5926 

I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
I Hippocratea nicobarica Viun. 777/ 

1 India - Nicobar Is. 7771 

R Hypsophila halleyana F.Muell. 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - (Queensland 20681 



-133- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Celastraceae: Hypsophila 

I Kokoona coriacea King 7609 

I IS926 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia (Perak) 

7609 

I Kokoona sessilis Ding Hou 7609 

1 Ii926 Malaysia - Peninsular Malaysia 7609 

I Loeseneriella bourdillonii (Gamble) Raju 

I India - Kerala 

V Maytenus abbottii A.E.van Wyk 20604 

V 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Maytenus acuminata (L. f.) Loes var. uva-ursi 

Brenan 7749 

R Malawi 7749 

E Maytenus addat (Loes.) Sebscbe 19704 

E 19704 Ethiopia (Shewa Upland, Arsi, Sidamo, Bale, Game 
Gofa.) 19704 

R Maytenus bachmannii (Loes.) Marais 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

I Maytenus buxifolius Tnana & Planchon 19352 

I 19352 Colombia 19352 

V Maytenus clarendonensis Britton 20M3 

V 20SS3 Jamaica 20Sa3 

E Maytenus cortii (Pichi-Scrm.) Cuf. 19704 

E 19704 Ethiopia (Gonder) 19704 

R Maytenus crassipes Urb. 2o««j 

R 20SW Jamaica 20SSJ 

R Maytenus cymosa Krug & Urban 20S83 

I 20SW Puerto Rico (Piiieros; Vieques) 20S83 
I 208W British Virgin Is. (Virgin Gorda) 20S83 
I 208S3 USA - Virgin Is. (St. Croix; St. Thomas) 

208S3 

V Maytenus dryandii (Lowe) Loes. 

V Portugal - Madeira 

V Maytenus elongata (Urban) Briti. 20883 

V 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

I Maytenus fruticosa (Thwailes) Loes. /0252 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 10252 

V Maytenus harenensis Sebsebe 19704 

V ]9704 Ethiopia (Bale) )9704 

I Maytenus hanisii Krug & Urb. 20883. 13336 

I 13336 Jamaica 20883 
E Maytenus jefeana Lund. 20S«. ;o747 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Afa3>{enus A;eni«n5is Robson ined. 17435 

R /7«5 Kenya (Mt. Kenya) ;7«5 

Ex Maytenus lineata c. Wright 5607 

Ex ;5;J2 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Ex/E Maytenus lucayana Brition 4650 

Ex/E 4650 Bahamas (Grand Bahama) 4650 

R Maytenus microcarpa F. & R. 20883. 13336 

R ;jJi6 Jamaica 20883 

I Maytenus mossambicensis (Kl.) Blakelock var. xriozii 

Robson 5926 

I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
R Maytenus oleosa A.E.van Wyk & R.H.Archer 20604 

R 20604 Soudi Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

E Maytenus pertinaxfi. Haai&Floreme 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 



E Maytenus ponceana Briii. 20883. 8058 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 

I Maytenus richardsiae Robson 5926 

I 5926 Tanzania 5926 
R Maytenus vanwykii R.H.Archer 20604 

R 20604 SouUi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R 20604 Soudi Africa - Natal 20604 

I Microtropis deniflora Wight 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

R Monimopetalum chinense Rehder /76/7 

R ;76;7 China - Anhui 11139 
R ;76;7 China - Jiangxi 11139 

V Paxistima canbyi Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Kenmcky 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20SS0 
E 20850 U.S. - Ohio 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - West Virginia 20850 

R Pleurostylia leucocarpa Baker ;oo82 

R 2077/ Mauntius 70082 
R Pleurostylia putamen Marais 10082 

R 5852 Mauntius - Rodrigues 5852 

I Pristimera monilensis (Halie) Halle 7927 

I 7927 Gabon 7927 

V Pseudosalacia streyi Codd 206O4 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province (Transkei) 

20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Salacia beddomei Gamble /J8Sj 

R /J88J India - Tamil Nadu 13883 

I Salacia cymosa Ehn. i3S33 

I 13833 Philippines (low altinide) 13833 
R Salacia gagnepainiana Tard. 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

E Salacia jenkinsii Kun 7/494 

E //494 India - Assam 11494 
I Salacia lehmbachii Loes. var. uregaensis (WUczek) 

Halle 21073 
I 2/075 Zaire (District Forestier Central) 
2/075 

I Salacia macrosperma Wight 

I India - Kamataka (Concan) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Wynaad. Nilgiri) 

Ex/E Salacia malabarica Gamble //494 

Ex/E 11494 India - Kamataka (Coorg) 11494 
Ex/E //494 India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) //494 

I Salacia marginata Ding Hou 13833 

I 13833 Philippines (low altimde) 13833 

V Salacia miegei Halle 20887 

V 20S87 Cote d'lvoire 20887 

E Salacia wrightii Urban 5607 

E /9/OJ Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

E Schaefferia lottiae Lundell 20883 

I 2OSSJ Mexico 20883 

V Schaefferia obovata Urb. 208SJ. 13336 

V /iJJ6 Jamaica 20883 

E Schaefferia ovatifolia Lundell 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 



-134- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Celastraceae: Schaefferia 

V Tetrasiphon jamaicensis Urb. 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20SS3 

£ Wimmeria caudata Lundell 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

I Wimmeria stemii Lund. 20sa3. 969o 

V 11967 Nicaragua 9690 
I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Zinowiewia micrantha Lund. 20883. 10747 

I 20883 Panama 20883 



Ceratophyllaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species; 
Recorded threatened species: 

Cosmopolitan. 



(16%) 



I 



Ceratophyllum tanaiticum Sapjegin 8000. 20171 
I 11552 Russian Federauon (western) 11552 



Chenopodiaceae 

Number of genera: 100 

Number of species : 1,500 

Recorded threatened species: 88 

Cosmopolitan, especially deserts and semideserts 
V 



(5%) 



Aphanisma blitoides Nuti. ex Moq. 20883. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Atriplex bonnevillensis C.A. Hanson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Atriplex canescens (Pursh)Nutt. var. gigantea 

Welsh & Stulz 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
R Atriplex chapinii LM. Johnston 5595 

R 19534 Chile - Islas Desventurados 5595 

V Atriplex cordulata Jepson 20*50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 
R Atriplex coronata S.Watson var. 

coronata 20850 
R 20S50 U.S. - California 20850 
E Atriplex coronata Jepson var. notatior 

Jepson 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

V Atriplex COUlteri (Moq.) D. Dielr. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. . California 20850 

V Atriplex drymarioides standi. 20850 

20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

R Atriplex eichleri Aellen 2068/ 

R 2068; Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

R Atriplex foliolosa Phiiippi 5595 

R 19534 Chile - Islas Desvennirados 5595 

R Atriplex fruticulosa Jepsoa 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
R Atriplex griffithsii standi. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Atriplex infrequens Paul G.Wilson 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

V Atriplex klebergorum M.C. Johnston 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 



V Atriplex parishii s.Watson 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Atriplex parryi S.Watson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Atriplex patula L. ssp. spicata (S.Watson) Hall & 

Clements 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - California 20850 
I Atriplex plebeja Carmicb. 1993s 

I /99J8 Tnstan da Cunha (Nighungale. Tristan) 
/99J8 

R Atriplex repanda Phil. 20883. 10370 

R 20883 Chile 2088J 

V Atriplex serenana A. Nels. var. davidsonii 

(Standi.) Munz 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Atriplex spinifera J.F. Macbr. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
R Atriplex talarica L. var. constantinopolitana 

Aellen ;28JO 

R /28«) Turkey ;2S« 

R Atriplex tatarica L. var. pseudo-omata 

Aellen ;2S«) 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 
E Atriplex tularensis Coville 20«50 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Atriplex vallicola Hoover 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Atriplex wardii Standi. 20850 

R 20850 US. - Texas 20850 

V Atriplex welshii C.A. Hanson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Bassia saxicola (Guss.) A.J.Scott 18264. 20171 

E /8264 Italy 18264 

E 207J8 Italy -Sicily 17891 

V Be/a adanensis Pamuk9. ex Aellen 12840. 20171 

V 12840 Turkey ;2S40 

R Beta nana Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Beta patula Mion 17891 

R Portugal - Madeira ;789; 

E Beta trojana (Pamuk.) Aellen 12840 

E 12840 Turkey ;28'»0 
R Beta webbiana (Moq.) Wehb & Berthel. 

R Spain - Canary Is. 

I Chenopodium ambrosioides L. var. tomentosum 

(Thouars) Aellen 79958 
I 19938 Tnstan da Cunha ;99J8 
E Chenopodium crusoeanum Skottsb. I9ii6 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

Ex Chenopodium helenense Aellen 10260 

Ex /S996 St Helena 78996 
R Chenopodium hircinum Schrader var. catamarcense 

Allen 16336 
R 16336 Argentina ;6JJ6 
R 20/76 Argentina - Catamarca 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - La Rioja 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - Tucuman 20/76 

V Chenopodium moquinianum Aellen 

V Egypt 



-135- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Chenopodiaceae: Chenopodium 
E Chenopodium nesodendron Skotisb. 19116 

E 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 191 16 
E Chenopodium sanctae-clarae Johow I9ii6 

E 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 
R Chenopodium sancti-ambrosii Skottsb. 5595 

R 19534 Chile . Islas Desventurados 5595 
R Chenopodium subglabrum (S.Watson) A. Nels. 20S50. 

2063 



R 
I 
R 
V 



20850 Canada 

20S50 Canada 

20850 Canada 

20850 Canada 



Alberta 20850 
Manitoba 20850 
Ontario 20850 
Saskatchewan 20850 



20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
20850 U.S. • Michigan 20850 
20850 U.S. - Missouri 20850 
20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
20850 U.S. - Nebraska 20850 
20850 U.S. - Nevada 20S50 
20850 U.S. - North Dakota 20850 
20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
20850 U.S. - South Dakota 20850 
20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 
20850 U.S. ■ Wyoming 20850 

Corispermum algidum njin 8000. 20171 
R former European USSR 8000 

Cremnophyton lanfrancoi BruUo & Pavone i33si. 20171 

R 13351 Malta (SW Malta and W Gozo) I335I 

Cyathobasis fruticulosa (Bunge) AeUen i2840 

R 128-10 Turkey 12840 

Damiella melitensis (Botschantzev) BruUo is35i 

I 13351 Malta ;JJ5; 
Goerziella minima (Standley) Urban 5607 

R I9I05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Halosarcia bulbosa Paul G.Wilson 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 2068; 
Halosarcia entrichoma Paul G.Wilson 206s; 

R 20681 Australia - Western Australia 20681 
Halosarcia flabelliformis Paul G.WUson 2068/ 
1 206Sy Australia - Soudi Australia 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victona 2068/ 

Kalidiopsis wagenitzii Aellen 12840 

E 12840 Turkey 12840 
Kochia califomica S.Watson 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Maireana cheelii (R.Anderson) Paul G.Wilson 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia ■ New South Wales 2068; 
I 2068/ Australia - Victona 2068/ 

Maireana melanocarpa Paul G.Wilson 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
Maireana rohrlachii (Paul G.Wilson) Paul 

G.Wilson 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - South Auslialia 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victona 2068/ 

Microcnemum coralloides (Loscos & j.Pardo) 
Buen 8000. 20171 

V Spain 8000 
E Turkey 8001 

E former USSR 69J0 

Microcnemum coralloides (Loscos et Parda) Font-Quer ssp. 

anatolicum Wagenitz /778/ 
E /778/ Turkey /778; 



E Nitrophila mohavensis Munz & Roos 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Nevada (Ash Meadows. Nye Co.) 
20850 

R Oreobliton thesioides Durieu & Moq. 

R Algeria 

E Tunisia 

V Petrosimonia nigdeensis Aellen i284o 

V 12840 Turkey I2S40 

R Proatriplex pleiantha (W.A. Weber) Stm & Chu 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Rhagodia acicularis Paul G.wiison 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 

I Rhaphidophyton regelii (Bunge) Ujin 5942 

I 5942 Kazakhstan 5942 

V Roycea pycnophylloides C.Gardner 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 

E Salicomia borealis Wolff & Jefferies 20850. 21309 

1 20850 Canada - Manitoba 20850 

V Salicomia emericii Duval-Jouve var. vicensis (J. 

Duvigneaud) J. Duvigneaud 20528 

V 20528 France (Moselle) 20528 

R Salicomia senegalensis A. Chev. 7926 

R Senegal 8003 

E Salicomia veneta Pignatti & Lausi /789/. 20/7/ 

E 18264 Italy (Veneto. Fnuli-Venezia Giulia, 
Emilia-Romagna) 19997 

V Salsola anatolica Aellen 12840 

V ;2840 Turkey I2S40 

R Salsola carpatha P.H.Davis 20/7; 

R Greece 

E Salsola chiwensis Popov 69jo 

E Asiatic USSR. 6930 

I Salsola hispanica Ttotscb. 20171 

1 Spain 

R Salsola masclansii D. Gomez & G. Moots. Marti 

R Spain 

V Salsola papillosa'lCoss.) V/illk. 20171 

V Spain 

V Salsola prostrata Pall. ssp. anatolica 

Aellen /28-<0 

V I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Salsola stenoptera Wagenitz ;28.»o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
I Salsola tamamschjanae njin 5942 

I 5942 Armenia 5942 

V Sclerolaena blakei (Ising) A.J.Scott 2068; 

V 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Sclerolaena everistiana (Ising) A.J.Scott 206«/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

V Sclerolaena napiformis Paul G.Wilson 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

V Sclerolaena walkeri (C. White) A.J.Scott 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - (Queensland 2068/ 

R Suaeda arctica Jurtzev & Petrosky 21309 

R 21309 Russia (E.Europe) - North 2/i09 
E former USSR 69J0 



-136- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Chenopodiaceae: Suaeda 
Suaeda califomica s. Watson losso 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Suaeda cucullata Aellen 12840 

E 14155 Turkey 12840 
Suaeda esteroa Ferren & Whitmore 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Suaeda malacosperma Hara 10572 

R W572 Japan 10572 
Suaeda nesophila l.M. Johnston 5.595 

R 19514 Chile - Islas Desventurados 5595 
Suaeda pelagica Bartolo, Bmllo & Pavone 18264, 

20171 
R 18264 Italy ■ Sicily 18264 

Suaeda pruinosa Lange var. kochii (Guss. ex 

Todaro) Marie & Weiller ;S26< 
V ;S26.( Italy - Sicily 18264 

Tegicomia uniflora Paul G.wuson 2068} 

R 2068} Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 

Zuckia brandegei Standi, var. arizonica (Standi.) 

Welsh 20850 



E 
E 
V 
R 
R 
R 



R 
R 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



Arizona 20850 
Utah 20850 



Chloranthaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical America, E Asia, Pacific. 



5 
75 
20 



(26%) 



R Ascarina marquesensis A.c.Smith 20845 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 

I Ascarina subfalcata j.Moore 208-<5 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Raiatea) 

20845 

V Hedyosmum burgerianum D'Arcy & Uesner 20881 11534 

V ;9570 Panama 20883 

R Hedyosmum colombianum Cuatrecasas 20S83 

I 20883 Colombia 208S3 

R Hedyosmum correanum D'Arcy & Uesner 20S83. 11534 

V /9570 Panama 20883 

R Hedyosmum costaricense Wood 20883, 9037 

1 20883 Costa Rica 20883 
1 20883 Panama 20883 

V Hedyosmum domingense var. cubense (Urban) Todzia & 

Wood 20883 
I 208SJ Cuba 208SJ 

E Hedyosmum goudotianum var. mombachanum 

Todzia 20883 

1 20883 Nicaragua 20883 

V Hedyosmum huascari Macbride 208S3. 11534 

R 18200 Peni 20883 

V Hedyosmum leonis Kirouac 5607 

V 5607 Cuba 5607 

E Hedyosmum maximum (O. Kuntze) K. Schumann 20885. 

11534 
R 11534 Bolivia 2088J 
I 20883 Peru 20883 

V Hedyosmum neblinae Todzia 208«i. ;;5i4 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

I 20S8J Venezuela 208S3 



Hedyosmum parvifolium Cordemoy 2o««j 



I 



20885 Colombia 2088J 
20883 Venezuela 20883 



R 



Hedyosmum peruvianum Todzia 20883 

1 20885 Peru 20883 

Hedyosmum pseudoandromeda Solms-Laubach 20S83 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

Hedyosmum pungens Todzia 20883. 11534 

V 11534 Colombia 20885 

Hedyosmum purpurascens Todzia 2os83. 11534 

R 19570 Ecuador 20883 

Hedyosmum steinii Todzia 20883. 11534 

R 11534 Colombia 20883 

Hedyosmum strigosum Todzia 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

I 20883 Ecuador 20883 

Hedyosmum subintegrum Urban 20883. 5607 

V J9;05 Cuba (Holguin, Guantanamo) 20883 



Chrysobalanaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Pantropical, especially New World. 



17 
450 
225 



(50? 



I Acioa cinerea Engl, ex Dc Wild. 

I Cameroon (Bipindi) 

E Acioa dichotoma De Wild. 7926 

E 207'<9 Nigena (Ekei) 792« 
E Acioa eketensis De Wild. 7921s 

E 20749 Nigena (Eket) 7926 
R Acioa laevis Pierre ex De WUd. 

R Gabon (Libreville) 

R Acioa pierrei De Wild. 7927 

R Gabon (Libreville & Tchibanga) 7927 

R Acioa SChultesii Maguire 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

V Acioa somnolens Maguire 2O883. 115S9 

R /995'> French Guiana 20883 
I Atuna travancorica (Bedd.) Kostenn. 13883 

1 13883 India • Tamil Nadu (Travancore) 18341 
R Chrysobalanus stuhlmanni Dammer 7959 

R 5926 Tanzania (Dodoma) 7959 

V Chrysobalanus venezuelanits Prance 20883. ii589 

R 11589 Venezuela 20883 
R Couepia amaralae Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R Couepia belemii Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Couepia bondarii Prance 2o«sj, ;;589 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R Couepia canescens (Gleason) Prance 2OS8J 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 
E Couepia carautae Prance 20883. 11 589 

I 20883 Brazil 20885 

E Couepia caryophylloides ssp. glabra 

Prance 20883 
I 20885 Brazil 20883 



-137- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Chrysobalanaceae: Couepia 
R Couepia cidiana Prance lossi 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

V Couepia coarctata Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 208S3 

V Couepia cognata var. major Prance 20ssj 

I 20SW Guyana 20883 

V Couepia cognata var. membranacea 

Prance 20S8J 
I iOSSJ Guyana 20SSJ 
R Couepia comosa Bentham 20883. 8679 

I 2088i Guyana 20883 
I 208W Venezuela 20883 

E Couepia exflexa Fanshawe & Maguire 208SJ 

I 208W Guyana 20883 
R Couepia foveolata Prance 208SJ 

I 20SSJ Brazil 208SJ 

I 20883 Guyana 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 2088J 

R Couepia froesii Vrnnce 20883. II 589 

I 20883 Brazil 20SSi 

V Couepia glabra Prance 20S8i. 1 1 589 
I 2088J Brazil 208SJ 

R Couepia impressa ssp. cabraliae 

Prance 208SJ 
I 20S8i Brazil 2088J 

V Couepia insignis Fritsch 20883 
I 208SJ Brazil 2088i 

R Couepia krukovii Standley 20883 

I 20SS3 Bolivia 208SJ 
I 20883 Brazil 20SSJ 

E Couepia longipetiolata Prance 2ossj. /;j«9 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R Couepia magnoliifolia Bentham ex Hooker f. 20883 

I 2088J Brazil 2088i 

R Couepia maguirei Prance 208«j 

I 20S8J Brazil 2088i 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

R Couepia marleneae Prance 2088J 

i 2O88J Brazil 20883 

E Couepia martinii Prance 2088J. ;;5S9 

I ;;589 French Guiana 20883 

E Couepia meridionalis Prance 2os8i 

I 2088i Brazil 20883 

E Couepia monteclarensis Prance jossj 

I 20S8J Brazil 20883 
R Couepia multiflora Bentham 20883 

I 2O88J Brazil 2088J 

I 208SJ Guyana 20883 

E Couepia nutans Prance 20SSJ. ;;58!i 

E 11589 Colombia 20883 

R Couepia paraensis var. cerradoana 

Prance 2088J 
I 2088J Brazil 20SSJ 
E Couepia parvifolia France 20883. 11 589 

I 2OS8J Brazil 208SJ 

V Couepia pemambucensis Prance 2088J 

I 2O88J Brazil 20883 

V Couepia platycalyx CmiTKasas 20883. ii589 

E 95/8 Colombia 20883 
E M/8 Venezuela 2088J 



E 
E 
R 



E 
V 

V 
R 
V 



R 
V 
R 
R 
E 
R 
R 
E 
E 
R 

E 

E 
V 
V 



Couepia recurva Spruce ex Prance 20883. 9518 
E 11589 Ecuador 208SJ 
Couepia reflexa Ducke 2OS8J 

I 20SSi Brazil 208SJ 

Couepia sandwithii Prance 20883 
20883 Guyana 20883 



I 



20883 Venezuela 20883 



Couepia schottii Fritsch 208SJ. no79 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

V J746 Brazil - Bahia ;7079 

V 17746 Brazil - Espirito Santo 17746 

V 17746 Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 17079 

Couepia scottmorii Prance 20883. 11589 

E 95/8 Panama 20883 

Couepia steyermarkii Maguire 20S83. 11589 

R 11589 Venezuela 20883 

Couepia stipularis Ducke 20883. 11 589 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Couepia venosa Prance 20883 
I 20883 Brazil 20SS3 

Dactyladenia dinklagei (Engl.) Prance & 

F.White 20274 

V 20858 Tropical Africa (Upper Guinea) 20274 

V 20858 Ghana 20274 

Dactyladenia hirsuta (A.Chev.) Prance & 

F.White 20274 
E 20887 Coted'Ivoire 20274 
E 20858 Ghana 20274 

Exellodendron gracile (Hooker f.) Prance 20883. 
11589 

I 20S8i Brazil 20«8J 
Hirtella adderleyi Prance 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

Hirtella adenophora Cuairecasas 208SJ. /;j89 

R 11589 Colombia 2088J 

Hirtella angustissima Sandwiih 20883 
I 20883 Guyana 2088J 
Hirtella araguariensis Prance 20883 

I 208SJ Brazil 20883 

Hirtella aramangensis Prance 20883. 9518 

E 11589 Brazil 11589 
Hirtella arenosa Prance 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Hirtella bahiensis Prance 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Hirtella bamebyi Prance 20883 
I 20883 Brazil 20883 

Hirtella barrosoi Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20S8J 

Hirtella caduca Fanshawe & Maguire 2088J 
I 20883 Guyana 2088i 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

Hirtella conduplicata Prance 20883 

I 20SSJ Brazil 20883 

Hirtella confertiflora Prance 20ssj, ;;589 

R ;;589 Venezuela 20S8i 

Hirtella cordifolia Prance 208SJ. ;/5«9 

R 11589 Venezuela 20883 

Hirtella corymbosa Cbamisso & Schlecblendal 20883. 
11589 



-138- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
MagnoUopsida (dicots): Chrysobalanaceae: Hirtetta 

I 20183 Brazil 20SS3 

R Hirtella couepiiflora Prance 20S83 

I 20S83 Brazil 20SS3 

I 20883 Guyana 20883 

R Hirtella COWanii Prance & Magnire 20SS3 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 
R Hirtella deflexa Maguire 20883 

I 20SS3 Brazil 20SSJ 

1 20883 Guyana 20883 

1 20SW Venezuela 20883 

R Hirtella dorvalii Prance 20«8i 

I 2088J Brazil 20883 

E Hirtella enneandra Cuatrecasas 20883. nsa9 

R //589 Colombia 20883 

R Hirtella fasciculata Prance 20«sj 

I 20SW Brazil 20SSJ 

V Hirtella floribunda Chamisso & Scbiecbtenia] 20883 

I 20S8J Brazil 2088J 

V Hirtella glaziovii Taubert 20883 

I 20S83 Brazil 208SJ 

R Hirtella guyanensis (Fritsch) Sandwitb 20S83 

I 20SW Guyana 2088i 
I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

R Hirtella insignis Briquet ex Prance 20883. J 7079 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E ;774(S Brazil - Bahia 17079 

V Hirtella juruensis PUger 20883. 11589 

I 2088J Brazil 208SJ 

R Hirtella kuhlmannii PUger 2088J. ;/589 

1 208SJ Brazil 2088J 

R Hirtella latifolia Prance 20ssj. wys 

I 2088J Panama 20883 
R Hirtella lemsii L. O. Williams & Prance 20883. 9518 

I 20883 Costa Rica 20S8i 
E Hirtella liesneri Prance 2088J 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 
E Hirtella longifolia Bentham ex Hooker f. 20883. 

11589 

I 20SS3 Brazil 20883 

R Hirtella magnifolia Prance 2088J 

I 2088J Brazil 2088J 

I 20883 Pern 20S8J 

R Hirtella margae Prance 20S8J 

I 2088J Guyana 20883 
I 2088J Suriname 20883 

V Hirtella orbicularis Prance 2088J 

I 2088i Venezuela 2088J 

V Hirtella parviunguis Prance 20883. 17079 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

E 17746 Brazil -Bahia 17746 

E 77079 Brazil - Espinto Santo 77079 

V Hirtella pauciflora Little 20«sj 

I 20883 Ecuador 20883 

R Hirtella pimichina Lasser & Maguire 20««i 

I 2088J Brazil 20883 

I 20S8J Venezuela 20883 

V Hirtella racemosa Lamark var. glandipedicellata 

Prance 20S8J 
I 2088J Colombia 208SJ 

V Hirtella racemosa Lamark var. hispida 



E 
R 

R 
R 
E 

E 
R 
E 
R 

E 
E 
V 
V 
V 
R 

R 



E 
V 
E 

R 



V 
E 



Prance 20883 
1 20883 Brazil 20883 

1 20883 French Guiana 2088J 

Hirtella radamii Prance 208S3 

1 2088J Brazil 2088J 

Hirtella rasa Standley 2088J 
I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

I 20S8J Pera 20883 

Hirtella revillae Prance 20883 

I 20883 Peru 2088i 

Hirtella rugosa Thuill. ex Pers. 2088j 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 
Hirtella santosii Prance 20«8i. 77589 
I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

E 7 77-<6 Brazil - Bahia 7 7746 

Hirtella scaberula Spruce ex Hooker f. 20883. IISS9 

I 2088J Brazil 20S8J 

Hirtella Standleyi Baehni & Macbride 20883 

I 2088J Peru 20883 

Hirtella subglanduligera Pilgar 208S3. 9518 

E 77589 Peru 2088J 

Hirtella subscandens Spruce ex Hooker f. 20883 
I 2088J Brazil 20883 

I 2088J Venezuela 20883 

Hirtella vesiculosa Suessenguih 20883. ii589 

R 77589 Colombia 20SS3 
Hunga cordata Prance 2089J 

E 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 
Hunga gerontOgea (Schltr.l Prance 20893 

V 20893 New Caledonia 20893 
Hunga guillauminii Prance 20893 

V 20893 New Caledonia 2089J 

Hunga mackeeana Prance 2089J 

V 2089J New Caledonia 20893 

Licania albiflora Fansbawe & Maguire 20883. 11589 
R 77589 French Guiana 2088J 
R 77589 Guyana 20883 
R 77589 Suriname 2088J 

Licania amapaensis Prance 20883 
I 20883 Brazil 20883 

I 208SJ French Guiana 20883 

Licania angustata Prance 2088J. 77589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R 9578 Peni 20885 

licania anneae Prance 2088J. 77589 

1 20885 Brazil 20883 

Licania apiculata Prance 2O883. 77589 
I 20885 Brazil 20883 

Licania aracaensis Prance 20883, 17746 

I 2088J Brazil 2088J 

R 17746 Brazil - Amazonas 17746 

Licania arachnoidea Fansbawe & Maguire 20883. 11589 
I 2088J Brazil 20885 

R 7/589 French Guiana 77589 
R 77589 Guyana 20883 
R 77589 Pern 20883 
R 77589 Suriname 77589 

Licania araneosa Taubert 20883. 11589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

Licania arianeae Prance 20883, 11589 

I 20885 Brazil 20885 



-139- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Chrysobalanaceae: LicanUi 
E Licania bahiensis Prance 20SS3. 11589 

I 20SS3 Brazil 20883 

R Licania belemii Prance 20883 

1 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Licania bellingtonii Prance 208S3. 17746 

I 20SW Brazil 20883 

E /77J6 Brazil - Rondonia (7746 

E Licania boliviensis Prance 208sj. n5S9 

R ;;5S9 Bolivia 2088J 

R Licania boyanii Tutin 20«« 

I 20S8J Guyana 2088J 
I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

V Licania buxifolia Sandwith 20883 

I 2O8SJ Guyana 20883 

E Licania cabrerae Prance 2088J. ;;589 

R ;;589 Colombia 20SSJ 
E Licania caldasiana Cuatrecasas 208S3. 9518 

R ;;589 Colombia 20883 

V Licania calvescens Cuatrecasas 20883. 9518 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

V Licania cecidiophora Prance 20883 

I 2O8SJ Peru 20883 

V Licania chiriquiensis Prance 2088J. 95/8 

R 9578 Panama 2088J 
R Licania chocoensis Cuairecasas 20SSJ. 9518 

I 20S8J Colombia 20883 
E Licania compacta Fritsch 20883. ii589 

R 7/589 Guyana 2088J 

R Licania cordata Prance 2088J 

I 20SSJ Brazil 2088J 

I 2088J Venezuela 20883 

E Licania COStaricensis Slandley & Steyermark 20883. 

9518 
R 95/8 Costa Rica 20883 

V Licania couepiifolia Prance 2088J 

I 2O88J Guyana 20883 
I 20SSJ Sunname 208SJ 

V Licania crassivenia Spruce ex Hooker f. 20883. 1 1589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R 95/8 Venezuela 20883 

V Licania cuatrecasasii Prance 20S8J 

I 208SJ Colombia 2088J 
R Licania cuprea Sandwith 20883. 8679 

I 2OS8J Guyana 20883 
E Licania CUSpidata (Rushy) Prance 20883. 9518 

R /;5S9 Colombia 20883 

R 95/8 Venezuela 95/8 

R Licania cyathodes R. Benoist 2088J 

I 2O8SJ French Guiana 20883 
R Licania cymosa Fritsch 2088J 

I 2O88J Brazil 20883 

E Licania dodsonii Prance 20S8J, ;;5S9 

E ;;589 Ecuador 20883 
R Licania durifolia Cuatrecasas 20883. 1 1 351 

I 2088J Colombia 20883 
I 20SSJ Ecuador 208SJ 
I 20883 Peru 2088J 

E Licania fasciculata Prance 2088i. ;o7.»7 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 

E Licania filomenoi PraiKc 20883,11589 



R 11589 Peru 2088J 

R Licania foldatsii Praace 20883 

I 2O88J Venezuela 2088J 

V Licania foveolata Prance 20«8J. /;589 

R ;;J89 Guyana 2088J 
R Licania fritscfiii Prance 20883. 11 589 

I 2OS8J Brazil 208SJ 
R y;589 Peru IIS89 

E Licania fttchsii Prance 20883.9518 

R ;;589 Colombia 2088J 

E Licania furfuracea Prance 2088J, /;5S9 

R 11589 Venezuela 208SJ 
E Licania gentryi Prance 20883. 9518 

R ;/589 Colombia 20883 
R Licania glauca Cuatrecasas 20883. 9518 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

E Licania glazioviana Warming 208SJ. ii589 

I 2O8SJ Brazil 20883 

V Licania gonzalezii Miranda 208S3. 951s 

I 20883 Mexico 20S8J 

V Licania grandibracteata Prance 20«sj 

I 208SJ Ecuador 20883 

E Licania guatemalensis Lundell 20ssj. ;o299 

R 95/8 Guatemala 20883 

R Licania heteromorpha Benth var. perplexans 

Sandwith 2088J 
I 20883 Guyana 20S8J 
I 20883 Suriname 20883 

E Licania heteromorpha Benth var. revoluta 

Prance 2088J 
I 208SJ Brazil 20S8J 
R Licania heteromorpha Benth var. subcordata 

Fritsch 20883 
I 208SJ Brazil 20883 

E Licania hispida Prance 2088J. ;;589 

R 7/589 Venezuela 20883 
E Licania hitchcockii Maguire 208SJ. /;589 

R /;5«9 Venezuela 20883 

V Licania hypoleuca Prance var. foveolata 

Prance 208SJ. //589 
I 20SSJ Brazil 208Si 

V Licania indurata Pilger 20S8i. //589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

E /7079 Brazil - Sao Paulo II589 

R Licania irwinii Prance 2088J. 8679 

I 2088J French Guiana 20883 
I 20883 Sunname 2088J 
I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

R licania jefensis Prance 20883. 10747 

I 2O8SJ Panama 20883 
R Licania jimenezii Prance 20883.8679 

I 2O88J Guyana 20885 

I 20885 Sunname 20883 

E Licania joseramosii Prance 20885. ;/589 

I 20885 Brazil 20883 

V Licania kallunkiae Prance 20885, //589 

R 95/8 Costa Rica 20883 
R 95/8 Panama 20885 

V licania klugii Prance 20883. 9518 

R ;;5«9 Peru 20883 



-140- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Chrysobalanaceae: Licania 
R Licania laevigata Prance 208S3. JISS9 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R 11589 Sunname 20883 

E Licania lamentanda Prance 20883. iiS89 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R Licania latistipula Prance 20883 

I 20883 French Guiana 20883 
I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

E Licania littoralis Kuhlmann var. cuneata 

Kuhlm. 20883. 11589 
I 20883 Brazil 20S83 

V Licania longipedicellata Ducke 208«. 7/589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R 95/8 Peru 20883 

V Licania maguirei Prance 2088J, ;;j«9 

I 2O88J Brazil 20883 

E Licania maranhensis Prance 2088J. ;;589 

I 20SSJ Brazil 20883 

V Licania maritima Prance 2088i. 95/8 

I 2OS8J Colombia 20883 

E Licania marleneae Prance 208SJ. ;;589 

I 2088i Brazil 20883 

V Licania maxima Prance 2088J, ;;5S9 

I 2O8SJ Brazil 20883 

I 2088J French Guiana 20883 

E Licania mexicana Lundell 20883. 10299 

I 20«8i Mexico 20SSJ 
R 11589 Mexico - Sinaloa 10299 

E Licania microphylla Fanshawe & Maguire 208S3. ns89 

R 1 1 589 Guyana 20883 

E Licania miltonii Prance 2088J 

I 2O88J Brazil 20SSJ 
E Licania minuscula Cuairecasas 2088J. 11589 

R 11589 Colombia 20883 
E Licania montana Prance 20883. 11589 

R ;;589 Venezuela 2088J 

E Licania morii Prance 20883. 10747 

R 95/8 Panama 20SSJ 

V Licania naviculistipula Prance 20883. 11 589 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Licania nelsonii Prance 2ossi 

I 2O88J Brazil 20883 

E Licania niloi Prance 208SJ, ;;589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

E Licania obtusifolia Fritsch 20s«j, ;j589 

R ;;589 French Guiana 20883 

V Licania occultans Prance 208SJ 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R Licania operculipetala standley & L. O. 

Williams 208S3. 9518 
R 2088J Cosia Rica 20883 
R Licania orbicularis Spruce ex Hooker f. 2088J 

I 20S83 Brazil 20S8J 

I 2088J Venezuela 20S8J 

R Licania OValifolia Kleinhoonte 2O883. 8679 

I 208SJ Brazil 2088J 

I 20S8J French Guiana 20S8J 
I 2088J Suriname 20883 

E Licania pakaraimensis Prance 2088J 

I 20883 Venezuela 208SJ 



R Licania paraensis Prance 20883 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20SSJ 

R Licania persaudii Fanshawe & Maguire 20883. 20513 

I 208SJ Guyana 20883 
R Licania piresii Prance 20S8J, 95/8 

I 2OS8J Brazil 20883 

R 95/8 Guyana 2088J 

R Licania pruinosa Benoist 208S3 

I 2088J Brazil 2088i 

I 20883 French Guiana 20«8i 

E Licania retifolia Blake 2088J, 95/8 

1 20883 El Salvador 2088i 
E ;/589 Mexico 20883 

E Licania riedelii Prance 2088J. //589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

R Licania robusta Sagot 2088J 

I 2O88J Brazil 20«Si 
I 20SSJ French Guiana 20883 
I 20883 Sunname 2088J 

E Licania roraimensis Standley 20883. 11589 

R 11589 Guyana 2088J 
R Licania rufescens Klotzsch ex Fritsch 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

I 20S8J Guyana 20883 

I 2088i Suriname 2088J 

I 2088J Venezuela 2088J 

E Licania salicifolia Cuatrecasas 2088J. 9518 

R //589 Colombia 20S8J 

R Licania salzmanii (Hooker f.) Fritsch 2088i 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Licania sandwithii Prance 20883. ns89 

R //589 Guyana 20883 
R 95/8 Venezuela 95/8 

E Licania santosii Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

E Licania silvatica Glaziou ex Prance 2088: 11589 

I 2088J Brazil 20883 

V Licania spicata Hooker f. 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

R Licania stewardii Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Licania Stricta Kleinhoonte 20883. 11589 

R II589 Suriname 208SJ 
R Licania subarachnophylla Cuatrecasas 20883. 11589 

R 9518 Colombia 2088J 

R 9518 Venezuela 20883 

R Licania subrotundala Maguire 2088J 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 

E Licania tachirensis Prance 20S83. iis89 

R 1 1 589 Venezuela 20883 

E Licania tambopatensis Prance 20883. 11 589 

R 11589 Peru 20883 

E Licania teixeirae Prance 20S8i, ;;5S9 

I 2O88J Brazil 20883 
E Licania tepuiensis Prance 20883. 1/589 

R /;589 Venezuela 2088J 
R Licania tocantina Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 208SJ 

E Licania trigonioides Macbride 20883. 95/8 

E 11589 Peru 20885 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Chrysobalanaceae: Licania 
R Licania turbinata Bentbam lossi 

I 20Sa3 Brazil 20883 

V Licania velata Cuatrecasas 20883. 9518 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Licania veneralensis Cuatrecasas 20883. 9518 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

V Magnistipula butayei De wud. var. sargosii 

(Pellegrin) F.White 20274 

V 20858 Ghana 7926 

R Maranthes panamensis (Standi.) Prance & White 20SS3 

V 20883 Costa Rica 20883 
I 20SSJ Nicaragua 20883 

V 2088J Panama 20883 

V Parinari alvimii Prance 2088j 

I 20S8J Brazil 2088J 

V Parinari brasiliensis (Schoit) Hooker f. 20883, 

11589 

I 20883 Brazil 2088i 

E 17746 Brazil - Minas Gerais 17079 

E 17746 Brazil - Rio de Janeiro 17079 

R Parinari cardiophylla Ducke 20S8J. /;589 

I 20883 Brazil 208SJ 

V Parinari chocoensis Prance 2088J, 95/8 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 
I Parinari euadenia Kosterm 19120 

I J9;20 Thailand 19120 
I Parinari indicum Beddome 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills) 

V Parinari littoralis Prance 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 208SJ 

R Parinari maguirei Prance 2os83 

I 20SSi Guyana 20883 
I 2088i Venezuela 2088J 

R Parinari parvifolia Sandviith 20883 

I 2088i Brazil 2088J 

I 2088J Guyana 20883 

R Parinari romeroi Prance 208SJ 

I 2088J Colombia 2088i 

I 2088J Ecuador 20883 

I Parinari travancoricum Beddome 

I India - Kerala (Travancore) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Tininelveli District) 



Cistaceae 

Number of genera: 8 

Number of species: 2 00 

Recorded threatened species : 4 3 (21%) 

Mostly in temperate and warm temperate. 

R CistUS albanicus E.F.Warb. ex Hey wood 20178. 20171 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 
R Greece 

E CistUS heterophyllus Desf. ssp. carthaginensis 

(Pau) M.B.Crespo & Mateo 20648 
E 20692 Spain 20692 

V CistUS osbeckiafolius Webb ex Cbrist W260 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 14155 

V CistUS palhinhae Ingram 8ooo. 2oni 

V 20076 Portugal (south-west) 8000 

R Fumana paradoxa VleyvioaA 20171 

R Spain 



R Fumana trisperma Huber-Mor. & Reese 12840 

R 206/8 Turkey 206/8 

E Halimium verticillatum (Brot.) Sennen 8000. 20171 

E 20076 Portugal 8000 

V Helianthemum alypoides L.osa & Rivas Goday /789/ 

V ;;.»96 Spain (Almeria) /7S9/ 

R Helianthemum antitauricum Davis et Coode 19873 

R 206/8 Turkey 206/8 
I Helianthemum arcticum (Grosser) Janchen 5942. 201 71 

I 5942 Russia (E.Europe) - North (north - Kolskiy) 
5942 

R Helianthemum arenicola Chapman 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Alabama 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 

E Helianthemum bramwelliorum Marrero 20750 

E 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 20750 

R Helianthemum broussonetii Dimal ex DC. 20750 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

E Helianthemum bystropogophyllum Svent. 14166 

E /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /789/ 
E Helianthemum cirae Santos 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

R Helianthemum cyrenaicum (Grosser) Bmllo & Fwnari 

R Libya 

R Helianthemum dumosum (Bickn.) Fem. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Connecucut 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Massachusetts 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Rhode Is. 20850 

R Helianthemum eriocephalum Pomel /0488 

R 14958 Algeria 10488 
R Helianthemum geniorum Maire /0488 

R /<958 Algena 10488 

E Helianthemum gonzaleTfeirari Marrero 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

V Helianthemum greenei B.L. Robins. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I Helianthemum grosii Pau & Font Quer 

I Morocco 

E Helianthemum inaguae Marrero, G.Marlin & 

G.ArtUes 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 
E Helianthemum juliae wadpret 17530 

E /9/7.< Spain - Canary Is. I9I74 

E Helianthemum lini Santos 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

R Helianthemum maritimum Pomel 10488 

R 14958 Algeria I048S 

V Helianthemum nashii Britt. 20«50 

I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

V Helianthemum origanifolium (Lam.) Pers. ssp. serrae 

(Camb.) Guinea & Hey wood 20/7/ 

V Spain - Baleanc Is. 

R Helianthemum pannosum Boiss. 11496. 20171 

R J1496 Spain 11496 
I Helianthemum salicifolium (L.) Miller var. glabrum 

Meikle /42J0 

I /9/6.» Cyprus 14230 
I Helianthemum schweinfurthii Grosser /0270 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Cistaceae: Helianthemum 

I I6l6i Egypt (Gebel El Shailufa) I6I6S 
R Helianthemum soongoricum Schrenk 17617 

R /76/7 China - Gansu (Mingle) /;;J9 
R 17617 China - Nei Monggol Zizhiqu (Xierdoeshi) 

11139 
R 17617 China ■ Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu {Yining; Gongliou; 

Gongnais) 11139 

E Helianthemum teneriffae Coss. nios 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Helianthemum tholiforme D. Bramwell & al. 15I05 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is, 15105 

V Helianthemum thymiphyllum Svent. ;5;o5 

V ;j;05 Spain . Canary Is. 15105 

E Hudsonia montana Nutt. 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - North Carolina 20S50 

R Lechea cemua Small 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Lechea divaricata Shutilw. ex Britt. 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

E Lechea intermedia Legget ex Britt. var. depauperata 

Hodgdon 20850, 206J 
I 20850 Canada - Manitoba 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 

E Lechea lakelae Wilbur 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • Flonda 20850 

E Lechea maritima Leggett var. subcylindrica 

Hodgdon 20850. 14393 
E 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Prince Edward Is, 20850 

R Lechea maritima Leggett var. virginica 

Hodgdon 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Maryland 20850 
E 20850 US, - North Carolina 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

E Lechea mensalis Hodgdon 2088J. 20850 S058 

E 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

E Tuberaria major (Willk.) P.Silva & Rozeira 80oo. 

20171 
E 20076 Portugal (south) 8000 

Clethraceae 

Number of genera: 1 

Number of species: 6 5 

Recorded threatened species: 4 (6%) 

Tropical America; southeastern United States; Southeast 
Asia; East Indies. 

R Clethra alexandri Griseb. 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 20885 

V Clethra nicaraguensis C. Hamilton 10353 

V 11967 Nicaragua ;0J5J 

I Clethra pulgarensis Elm. 13S33 

I 13833 Philippines (Mt, Pulgar) 13833 

R Clethra tonkinensis Dop 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 



Cochlospermaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical, often in drier regions. 



15 
2 



(13%) 



Amoreuxia gonzalezii Spraguc & Riley 20883. 20850 

E 20850 US. - Arizona 20850 
20883 Mexico 20885 

Cochlospermum tetraporum Hallier 2088J. ;6jj6 

E /6iJ6 Argentina 20883 

E 20/76 Argentina - Jujuy 20/76 

E 20/76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 

I 20883 Bolivia 20883 



Columelliaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Colombia to Bolivia. 



(25%) 



Columellia obovala Ruiz Lopez & Pavon /8200 
V 12468 Peru /8200 



20 
400 
73 (18%) 



Combretaceae 

Number of genera: 
Number of species: 
Recorded threatened species: 

Tropical and subtropical, especially Africa. 

I Anogeissus sericea Brandis var. nummularia King ex 

Duthie 777/ 
I India - Gujarat 7771 

I India - Punjab 777/ 

I India - Rajasthan (west) 777/ 

R Buchenavia amazonia A.R.A. Alwan Al-Mayah & C.A. 

Stace /0260 
R 11543 Brazil 11543 
R 11543 Colombia 11543 
R 11543 Peru 11543 

R Buchenavia congesta Ducke 11543 

R 11543 Brazil 11543 
R 11543 Colombia 11543 

R Buchenavia fanshawei^xtM Si Masdiie 8679 

R 11543 Brazil 11543 
R 11543 Guyana 8679 

R Buchenavia guianensis (Aublet) Alwan & Stace 

R 11543 Brazil 11543 

R 11543 French Guiana 11543 

R Buchenavia hoehneana N. Mattes 11543 

R 11543 Brazil 11543 
R Buchenavia megalophyllaSzanemc^ Si MutMa 11543 

R J 1543 Brazil 11543 
R 11543 Guyana 11543 

R Buchenavia nitidissima (Rich.) Alwan & Stace 11543 

R 11543 French Guiana //5« 

R Buchenavia ochroprumna Eichler ;;5« 

R 11543 Brazil //5« 
R Buchenavia pallidovirens Cuatrec. /8200 

R /;5« Brazil 11543 

R //5« Colombia 1IS43 

R //J« Pern ;/54i 

R Buchenavia pulcherrima E\ea & Stace 11543 



-143- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Combretaceae: Buchenavia 

R 11543 Guyana 11543 
R Buchenavia sericocarpa Ducke 11543 

R II543 Brazil 11543 

R 11543 Colombia 11543 

I 78200 Peru 11543 

R Buchenavia suaveolens Eicbler 11543 

R 11543 Brazil 11543 
R 11543 Colombia 11543 
R l}543 Venezuela 11543 

R Buchenavia tomentosa Eichler ;/5-<j 

R ;J5« Brazil 11543 

R Bucida macrostachya Standlcy 9004 

R /;j« Belize 11543 

R //5« Guatemala ;;5« 

R y/iJJ Mexico J;5« 

R 11543 Nicaragua }}543 

R Bucida molineti (M. Gomez) Alwan ;;5« 

R ;;j« Belize /;5« 
R 11543 Guatemala IIS43 

I Combretum batesii ExeU 

I Cameroon (Cameroon mt) 

R Combretum brevistylum Eichler ;;5« 

R ;;5« Brazil //5« 
R 11543 Venezuela 11543 

R Combretum caudatisepalum ExeU & Garcia 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

R Combretum chionanthoides Engl. & Diels 20057 

R 79709 Kenya 79709 
R Combretum discolorlavb 11543 

R 775« Brazil 775'<J 
R 775-7J Paraguay 775« 

R Combretum frangulifolium Kimth 775« 

R 775« Colombia 775« 
R 775'0 Venezuela 11543 

R Combretum hilarianum D. Dietr. 775« 

R 775-7J Brazil 775« 
R Combretum labiocarpum Engl. & Diels 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

E Combretum laxum (Pitt.) Croat var. epiphyticum 

(Pittier) Croat 20SSJ, 70747 

I 20SSJ Panama 20S8i 

R Combretum llewelynii J.F. Macbr. ;s200 

R 1 1 543 Brazil 11543 
R 7754J Ecuador 7754J 
R 7754J Peru 7754J 

R Combretum mkuzense Carr & Relief 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Combretum monetaria Martins 7754J 

R 7754i Brazil 7;54i 

R Combretum petrophilum Relief 20604. 7745s 

R 20604 South Africa - Transvaal 20604 

R Combretum pisonioides Taub 7754J 

R 7;J4J Brazil ;;54i 
R Combretum rohrii ExeU 

R /754J Brazil 77J4J 
R //54i French Guiana 77J4.J 

R Combretum rupicola Ridley 7754J 

R /754J Brazil 7;j4i 
R Combretum sprucei Eicbler 7754J 

R 7754J Venezuela /754J 
R Combretum stocksii Sprague 7749 



R Mozambique 7749 

V Combretum tanaense Jessie J. Clark 607i 

V 79709 Kenya 7959 

E Combretum tenuipetiolatum Wickens 20057 

E 20057 Kenya (coastal) 79/09 
E 20057 Tanzania (Tanga) 20057 

I Combretum trochainii Berbaut sooj 

I Senegal S003 

R Combretum ulei ExeU 11543 

R 7754J Brazil 11543 

R Combretum vemicosum Rusby 7754i 

R 11543 Bolivia /754J 
R ;754J Brazil /754J 

R Dansiea elliptica Byrnes 206«7 

R 206S7 Australia • Queensland 20687 
R Dansiea grandiflora Pedley 20687 

R 20687 Australia ■ Queensland 20687 

R Macropteranthes fitzalanii F.Muell. 20687 

R 20687 Australia - (Jueensland 20687 

R Macropteranthes leiocaulis P.I.Forster 20687 

R 20687 Australia - Queensland 20687 

V Macropteranthes montana (F.Muell.) F.Muell. 20687 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20687 

R Pteleopsis barbosae ExeU 7749 

R Mozambique 7749 

E Pteleopsis habeensis Xubny. ex Keay 11751 

E 20S5S Ghana 75970 
E 20S5S Mall (Bandiagara) 7/75/ 
E 20S5S Nigena (Yankari game reserve) 20274 

R Pteleopsis tetraptera Wickens 7058J 

R 79709 Kenya (Mombasa. Kilifi) 79508 
R 20057 Tanzania (Tanga) 79508 

R Ramatuela argentea Kuntb 11543 

R 11543 Brazil 7;54J 
R /754J Colombia 7754i 
R 11543 Venezuela 7754J 

R Ramatuela crispialata Ducke 77545 

R 7754i Brazil 77545 
R 7754J Colombia 7754J 
R ;754i Venezuela 77545 

R Ramatuela virens Spruce ex Eicbler 77545 

R 77545 Brazil 77545 
R 77545 Colombia 7 7545 
R 77545 Venezuela 77545 

V Terminalia arbuscula Sw. 208S3. 13336 

V 75556 Jamaica 20883 

R Terminalia bentzoe (L.) L. f. ssp. 

bentzoe 10082 
R Reunion 10082 

R 20777 Mauntius 10082 

V Terminalia bentzoe (L.) L.f. ssp. rodriguesensis 

Wickens 70082 

V 5852 Mauritius - Rodngues 5852 

R Terminalia capitanea A.C. Smith 79427 

R 79650 Fiji (Viti Levu) 19427 

E Terminalia cherrieri McKee 20802 

E 20893 New Caledonia (Poya area) 20802 
R Terminalia crebrifolia A.C. Smith 79427 

R 79650 Fiji (Vanua Levu) 79427 

V Terminalia eriostachya A. Rich. 77840 

V 20990 Cuba 77840 



-144- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Combretaceae: TerminaUa 

R Terminalia gatopensis GuiUaumin 

R New Caledonia 

R Terminalia glabrata J.G.Forster var. brownii 

Fosberg & Sachet 20S45 
R 20S4S French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20S45 
E Terminalia glabrata J.G.Forster var. 

glabrata 20S4S 
E 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
20845 

I Terminalia glabrata J.G.Forster var. haroldii 

(Exell) Fosberg & Sachet 20845 
I 20S45 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is, 20845 
I Terminalia glabrata J.G.Forster var. koariki 

(Exell) Fosberg & Sachet 20S4S 
I 20845 French Polynesia - Tuamotu Is. (Gambler) 
20845 

I Terminalia hararensis Engl, ex Diels 20924 

I 20924 Ethiopia (Bale. Harerge) 20924 

I Terminalia hecistocarpa Engl, ex Diels 20924 

I 20924 Ethiopia (Bale) 20924 

R Terminalia intermedia (A. Rich.) Urban II840 

R 19105 Cuba (Or; LV; LH; PR) 11840 

R Terminalia latifolia Sw. 11543 

R 11543 Jamaica JIS43 
R 1 1 543 Guatemala 1 1 543 

V Terminalia luteola A.C. Smith 19427 

V 19630 Fiji (west-central Vanua Levu) I02S3 

V Terminalia novocaledonica Daniker 20893 

E 2089J New Caledonia 20893 
R Terminalia pachystyla Borh. 5607 

R (9/05 Cuba (Holguinl 5607 

V Terminalia parviflora Thwaites ;28i8 

V /28JS Sn Lanka 12838 

I Terminalia pellucida Presl. 13780 

I 15960 Philippines 13780 

E Terminalia psilantha A.c. Smith i9630 

E ;96J0 Fiji (Vanua Levu) ;96J0 

R Terminalia quintalata Maguire 11543 

R 11543 Brazil 11543 
R //5-<i Guyana ;;5« 
R ;;5-(J Venezuela /;5'(i 

E Terminalia simulans A.C. Smith ;9«7 

E ;96J0 Fiji (Vanua Levu) 19427 
R Terminalia strigillosa A.C. Smith /9J27 

R y96J0 Fiji (Vanua Levu) 19427 

V Terminalia vitiensis A.C. Smith /9«7 

V /96J0 Fiji (Vitu Levu) 19427 

R Terminalia yapacana Maguire 11543 

R 11543 Colombia 11543 
R 11543 Venezuela 11543 



Compositae 



Number of genera: 1,100-1,509 

Number of species: 2 0,00 

Recorded threatened species : 2 553 (12%) 

Cosmopolitan, especially temperate and subtropical regions. 
V Abrotanella crassipes Skottsb. !9ii6 

V /9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. ;9;;6 

R Abrotanella nivigena (F.MueU.) F.MueU. 2068; 

I 20681 Australia - New South Wales 20681 



I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 20681 

R Acamptopappus shockleyi Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Nevada 20850 

Ex Acanthocladium dockeri F.MueU. 2068I. 14223 

Ex 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068; 
Ex 206«; Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

V Acanthodesmos distichus Adams & duQuesnay 20883. 

13336 
V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

R Achillea absinthoides Halacsy 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Achillea alpina L. ssp. subcartilaginea (Heimerl) 

Kitam. ;057J 
R 10573 Japan 10573 

R Achillea armenorum Boiss. & Hausskn. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Achillea barbeyana Heldr. & Heimerl 20171 

R Greece 

R Achillea brachyphylla Boiss. & Hausskn. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S« 
R Achillea fraasii Shultes Bip. var. troiana 

Aschers. & Heimerl 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28.(0 

R Achillea goniocephala Boiss. & Hal. /28«) 

R /2S<0 Turkey ;28<0 

R Achillea gypsicola Huber-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2««) 

E Achillea horanszkyi Vjbelyi 17786 

E 206/9 Hungary 77786 
R Achillea kotschyi Boiss. ssp. canescens 

Bassler /28'M 
R /28«) Turkey /28«) 
R Achillea lucana Pignatti /S264 

R /826< Italy (Basilicata. Calabria) 18264 

R Achillea magnifica Huber-Mor. i284o 

R /28-<0 Turkey 12840 
I Achillea maura Humbert 

I Morocco 

E Achillea millefolium L. var. megacephala (Raup) 

Boivin 20850. 2063 
I 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 208S0 

R Achillea multifida (DC.) Boiss. i2840. 20171 

R ;2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Achillea nobilis L. ssp. denissima (O. Scbwarz ex 

Bassler) ;2«.«) 
R /2840 Turkey I2S40 
R Achillea nobilis L. ssp. kurdica 

Huber-Mor. ;2S« 

R ;2S«) Turkey ;28.H) 

R Achillea oxyloba (DC.) Sch.Bip. ssp. schurii 

(Sch.Bip.) Heimerl 20/7/ 
R 19947 Romania /782i 
I 59'»2 Ukraine 5942 

R Achillea pseudoaleppica Hub.- Mor. i2S40 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Achillea ptarmica L. var. yezoensis 

Kitam. ;057J 



-145- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Achillea 

R I0S73 Japan 10573 
R Achillea sieheana Stapf I2840 

R I2i40 Turkey 12840 

R Achillea sintenisii Hub.-Mor. i2S4o 

R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Achillea sipikorensis Hausskn. & Bornm. 12840 

R /2S«) Turkey /2S>(0 
R Achillea sipinulifolia Fenzl ex Boiss. /2S-<o 

R ;28-«) Turkey 12840 
R i4c/n7/ea /a^igetea Boiss. & Heldr. 19174.20171 

R J9J7.< Greece y9;74 

R Achillea thracica Velen. 520.». 20/7; 

R 5204 Bulgana (central) 5204 

R Achnophora tatei F.Muell. 206S1 

R 20681 Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
R Acomis acoma (F.Muell.) Druce 206S; 

I 20681 Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068t 

R Acourtia acevedoi Gonz. EUz. in84 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango 11384 
R Acourtia montana (Rose) Reveal & R. King var. 

intermedia (Bacigal.) Reveal & R. King /429'» 
R 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

V Adenophyllum wrightii Gray 20«J0 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 

R Ageratina altissima var. roanensis (Small) Clewell & 

Wool. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Georgia 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S - Tennessee 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - West Virginia 20850 

E Ageratina chiriquensis (Rob.) K. & R. 2088i. 9522 

1 20883 Panama 20883 
E Ageratina croatii K. & R. 2088J. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 2088i 
R Ageratina durangensis (H. Robinson) R. King & H. 

Robinson /08J6 
R 14294 Mexico - Durango /08i6 
R Ageratina gonzalezorum B. Turner 9524 

R ;-(29'» Mexico - Durango 9524 
R Ageratina grashoffii B. Turner /25/6 

R /■<29.< Mexico - Durango /25/6 
R Ageratina luciae-brauniae (Fern.) King & H.E. 

Robins. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. 
E 20S50 U.S. ■ 

V 20850 U.S. 

V Ageratina Shastensis (Taylor & Stebbins) King & H.E. 

Robins. 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R Ageratina sundbergii B. Turner /25/6 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango /25/6 

E Ageratum chiriquense (Rob.) K. & R. 2088i, 9006 

1 20883 Panama 20883 
I Ageratum houstonianum Mill. /52//. 20/7/ 

1 India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri & Palani Hills) 

V Ageratum littorale Gray 2oe50 



■ Kentucky 20850 

■ South Carolina 20850 
- Tennessee 20850 



I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

E Ageratum oliveri K. & R. 20S8J. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

V Ageratum panamense Rob. 208SJ. ;o8J6 

I 20SSJ Panama 2088J 
R Agoseris lackschewitzii D. Henderson & R. 

Moseley 20850 
E 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 

V 208S0 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 208S0 U.S. - Montana 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Ainsliaea dissecta Francbet & Sav. /057i 

R ;057-J Japan 10573 
R Ainsliaea faurieana Beauv. /057j 

R /0573 Japan /057J 
R Ainsliaea macroclinidioides Hayata 20511 

R 205;/ Taiwan 20511 

R Ainsliaea macroclinidioides Hayaia var. secudiflora 

(Hayala) Kitamura 20511 
R 205;/ Taiwan 205// 

R Ainsliaea paucicapitata Hxyain 20511 

R 205/; Taiwan 205// 

E Aldama mesoamericana N. A. Harriman 208W 

I 20883 Nicaragua 20885 

V Allagopappus viscosissimus BoUe /5/05 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 

E Alloispermum insuetum Femindez, Urbalsch & 

Sullivan 20883 
I 20883 Colombia 20883 

V Ambrosia cheiranthifolia Gray 208SJ. 20850. 805S 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
I 208SJ Mexico 20883 

E Ambrosia dentata (Cabrera) Dillon 18200 

E 9446 Peru /8200 

V Ambrosia linearis (Rydb.) Payne 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R Ambrosia pumila (Nutt.) Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Ammobium craspedioides Benth. 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - New Soudi Wales 20681 

V Amphoricarpos elegans Albov 59.<2 

V 11552 Russia - North Caucasus (Caucasus) 

11552 

R Amphoricarpos exsul o. Schwarz i284o 

R /2840 Turkey /2S40 

R Amphoricarpos praedictus AyasUgil & Grierson 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
Ex Anacyclus alboranensis Esteve Chueca & Varo /9S/8 

Ex 19818 Spain (Isla de Alboran) 19818 
R Anacyclus capillifolius Maire 

R Morocco 

I Anacyclus exalatus Murb. 

I Morocco 

V Anacyc/ux latealatus Hub.-Mor. 12840 

V /2i«) Turkey 12840 

E Anaphalis bamesii C. Fiscber //■<9.» 

E //■<9.» India - Kerala (High Range, Idukki) 

11494 

I Anaphalis beddomei Hook.f. 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Palani Hills) 



-146- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Anaphalis 
I Anaphalis fruticosa Hook.r. so2i 

I 16162 Sn Lanka 8021 

R Anaphalis horaimontana Masamune 20s ii 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
I Anaphalis pelliculata Trimen S02I 

I 16162 Sn Lanka (Nuwara Eliya Distnci) 8021 

V Anaphalis sinica Hance var. pemivea 

Shimizu 10571 

V I0S7i Japan 10573 

V Anaphalis sinica Hance var. viscosissima (Honda) 

Kitam. 10573 

V 10573 Japan ;0J7J 

V Anaphalis sinica Hance var. yakusimensis (Masam.) 

Yahara 10573 

V /057J Japan 10573 

I Anaphalis thwaitesii c.B. Clarke var. glabrescens 

Grierson 802/ 
I 16162 Sri Lanka (Nuwara Eliya District) 8021 

R Anaphalis transnokoensis Sasaki 205;; 

R 2057/ Taiwan 205;; 
R Anaxeton brevipes Lundgren 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Anaxeton ellipticum Lundgren 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Anaxeton hirsutum (Thunb.) Less. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Andryala crithmifolia Alton i789i 

V Portugal - Madeira I7S9I 

E Andryala levitomentosa (Nyar.) p.D.Sell 8000. 20171 

E ;94;7 Romania 206j; 
R Andryala nigricans Poiret 10488 

R ;49J8 Algena ;04SS 
R Andryala webbii Schultz Bip. ex Christ /S105 

R ;5;oj Spain - Canary Is. ISIOS 

R Anisopappus paucidentatus v/m 7754 

R Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7754 

V Antennaria affinis Fern. 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Newfoundland 20850 

V Antennaria arcuata Cronq. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Wyoming 20850 

R Antennaria densifolia PorsUd 20850 

I 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 

I 20850 Canada ■ Yukon Temtory 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

V Antennaria eucosma Fem. & Wieg. 20850 I58i4 

I 20850 Canada • Newfoundland 20850 
R 20850 Canada • Quebec 20850 

V Antennaria pulchella Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E Antennaria soliceps Blake 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Anthemis abrotanifolia (wmd.) Cms. 20171 

R 207J0 Greece • Crete 19121 

R Anthemis adonidifolia Boiss. ;2S40 

R /2840 Turkey ;2S40 



R Anthemis ammanthus Greuter 20/7; 

R 20808 Greece (Cyclades) 20808 

V Anthemis amophila Boiss. & Heldr. ;284o 

V ;2840 Turkey /2840 

R Anthemis anthemiformis (Freyn & Sint.) 

Grierson ;2840 
R /2840 Turkey ;2840 

R Anthemis antitaurica Grierson ;2840 

R 72840 Turkey I2S40 

R Anthemis arenicola Boiss. var. 

arenicola i284o 

R ;2«40 Turkey ;2840 

V Anthemis argyrophylla (Halacsy & T.Georgiev) 

Velen. 8000. 20171 

V 5204 Bulgana (soudi) 5204 

V Anthemis bourgaei Boiss. & Rent. 20/7; 

V Spain 

E Anthemis brachycarpa Eig 8«95 

E Israel 8895 

R Anthemis calcarea Sosn. ;284o 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S40 

R Anthemis carpatica Wilid. ssp. pyrethriformis 

(Schur) Beldie ; 7S2J, 201 71 
R 19949 Romania ;9840 
R Anthemis cretica L. ssp. argaea (Boiss. & BaL) 

Grierson ;2S40 
R /2840 Turkey ;2840 
R Anthemis cuneata Hub.-Mor. & Reese 12840 

R ;2840 Turkey ;2840 
R Anthemis davisii Yavin ;2840 

R ;2S40 Turkey ;2840 

R Anthemis dipsacea Bomm. 12840 

R ;2«40 Turkey 12840 

V Anthemis filicaulis (Boiss. & Heldr.) Greuter 20/77 

V 207J0 Greece - Crete ;972; 

R Anthemis fimbriata Boiss. /2S40 

R 12840 Turkey ;2840 
I Anthemis gaudium-solis \eltn. 5204.20171 

I Bulgaria 

V Anthemis gerardiana iori. 20171 

V France (south-east) 

E Anthemis glabenima (Rech.f.) Greuter ;789;. 20/77 

E 207J0 Greece -Crete 17891 

V Anthemis halophila Boiss. & Bal. i284o 

V /2840 Turkey 12840 

R Anthemis hydruntina H. Groves /8264. 2oni 

R /8264 Italy (Basilicata. Calabna) /S264 

V Anthemis ismelia Lojac. /8264. 20171 

V /8264 Italy - Sicily (Mt. Gallo) 78264 

R Anthemis lithuanica (DC.) Besser ex Trautv. sooo. 

20171 
R fomier European USSR 80O0 

R Anthemis macrantha Heuff. 5204, 20171 

R 5204 Bulgaria (west) 5204 
R /9947 Romania 206J/ 

R Anthemis melanoloma Trautv. ssp. trapezuntica 

Grierson /2S40 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Anthemis meteorica Hausskn. 20/7/ 



-147- 



The 1997 ITJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Anihemis 

R Greece 

R (fonner) Yugoslavia 

R Anthemis orbelica Pancic S204. loni 

R il04 Bulgana (south and west) 5204 

R Anthemis oxylepis (Boiss.) Boiss. i2S4o 

R 12S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Anthemis panachaica Halacsy 201 7/ 

R Greece 

R Anthemis pauciloba Boiss. var. sieheana (Eig) 

Grierson 12840 

R ;2«40 Turkey 12840 
R Anthemis pestalozzae Boiss. ;2S<o 

R /2S.«) Turkey y2S.K) 
R AnfAe/nis /7in(/lco/a Heldr. ex Halacsy 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Anthemis pungens Yavin ;2««) 

R ;28.«) Turkey ;2S«) 
R Anthemis regis-borisii Stoj. & Acht. 5204. 20171 

R .520-< Bulgana (east) 5204 

R Anthemis rhodensis Boiss. 207i; 

R 207i; Greece - East Aegean Is 207J; 

V Anthemis rosea Sm. ssp. rosea 20731 

V 207i; Greece - East Aegean Is (Samos) 20731 

R Anthemis rumelica (Velen.) Stoj. & Acht. 5204. 20171 

R 5204 Bulgana (south & east) 5204 
I Anthemis saguramica Sosn. 5942 

I 5942 Georgia 5942 
R Anthemis sancti-johannis Turrill 520.». 20/7; 

R 520.) Bulgaria 5204 

R Anthemis sibthorpii Criseb. 201 7; 

R Greece 

V Anthemis sterilis Steven «ooo. 20; 71 

V former European USSR 8000 

R Anthemis stribmyi Velen. J20.<. 20; 7/ 

R 52(M Bulgana (south) S204 

I Anthemis tinctoria L. ssp. /ujsji (Griseb.) 

Beldie 17823 
I 206 J ; Romania 20631 
R Anthemis tinctoria L. var. virescens 

Bornm. ;2««) 
R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 
R Anthemis tomentella Greuter 20171 

R 207JO Greece - Crete 19121 
R Anthemis tricomis Big ;2840 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Anthemis trotzkiana Claus ex Bunge 5W2. 20/7/ 

I 5942 Russia (E.Europe) - South 5942 
R 5M2 Kazakhstan J9-;2 

R j4iirtem/s virfxcens Velen. 5204.20171 

R 520-» Bulgana (south & east) 5204 
R Anthemis wallii Hub.-Mor. & Reese I2S40 

R ;2«.»0 Turkey 12840 

I Anrtemij ive/7ieri Stoj. & Acht 20/7; 

I Greece 

R Antithrixia flavicoma DC. 20604 

R 206(M South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Anvilleina platycarpa Maire 

R Morocco 



E Archibaccharis jacksonii Sundberg 20883 

I 20SSJ Costa Rica 20883 

I Arctotheca forbesiana (DC.) ixv/in 20604 

I 206(M South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Ex Argentipallium spiceri (F.Muell.) Paul 
G.Wilson 206«; 
Ex 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 
R Argyranthemum adauctum (Link) Humpheries ssp. 

dugorii (BoUe) Humphries 
R Spain - Canary Is. 

E Argyranthemum adauctum (Link) Humphries ssp. 

erythrocarpon (Svent.) Humphries 
E Spain • Canary Is. 

E Argyranthemum adauctum (Link) Humphries ssp. 

jacobaeifolium (Schultz Bip.) Humphries 
E Spain - Canary Is- 

E Argyranthemum adauctum (Link) Humphries ssp. 

palmensis Santos 
E Spain - Canary Is. 

V Argyranthemum broussonetii (Pers.) Humphries ssp. 

broussonetii 15105 

V 15105 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

V Argyranthemum broussonetii (Pers.) Humphries ssp. 

gomerensis Humphries 

V Spam - Canary Is. 

V Argyranthemum callichrysum (Svent.) Humphries i5ios 

V /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

V Argyranthemum coronopifolium (Willd.) Humphries 3434 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

R Argyranthemum dissectum (Lowe) Lowe 

R Portugal - Madeira 

V Argyranthemum escarrei (Svent.) Humphries 15105 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Argyranthemum filifolium (Schultz Bip.) 

Humphries ;5;05 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

R Argyranthemum foeniculaceum (WiUd.) Webb ex Schultz 

Bip. ;5;05 
R 75/05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Schultz Bip. ssp. 

foeniculaceum (Pitard & Proust) Humphries 
R Spain - Canary Is. 

V Argyranthemum frutescens (L.) Schultz Bip. ssp. 

pumilum Humphries 

V Spain - Canary Is. 

V Argyranthemum haemotomma (Lowe) Lowe 

V Portugal - Madeira 

V Argyranthemum hierrense Humphries ;5/oj 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

E Argyranthemum lemsii Humphries ;5;05 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

E Argyranthemum lidii Humphries 14166 

E ISI05 Spain - Canary Is. /789; 

V Argyranthemum maderense (D. Don) Humphries 15105 

V /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

E Argyranthemum pinnatifidum (L.f.) Lowe ssp. 

SUCCulentum (Lowe) Humphries ;789; 
E Portugal - Madeira ;789/ 

E Argyranthemum sundingii Borgen ;5/o5 



-148- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Argyranthemum 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

V Argyranthemum sventenii Humphries & Aldridge 15105 

V 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 

R Argyranthemum tenerifae C.J.Humphries loim 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

E Argyranthemum thalassophytum (Svent.) 

Humphries I7S9I 

E Portugal - Salvage Is. I7S9I 

E Argyranthemum vincentii Sanios & Feria 20750 

E 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 20750 
R Argyranthemum webbii Schultz Bip. 20750 

R ;j;05 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 

V Argyranthemum winterii (Symx.) Hmapbiies 17891 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 17891 

E Argyroxiphium caliginis Forbes 20850. 14209 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (West Maui) 20850 

R Argyroxiphium grayanum (Hbd.) O. Deg. 20«50, 14209 

R 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Argyroxiphium kauense (Rock & Neal) 0.& I. 

Deg. 208J0. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20«50 

V Argyroxiphium sandwicense DC. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Argyroxiphium sandwicense DC. ssp. sandwicense 

Hbd. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Argyroxiphium virescens Hbd. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Ex Argyroxiphium virescens Hillebrand var. 

virescens 14301 
Ex 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 14209 

V Amaldoa coccinosantha (Muschler) Ferreyra 18200 

V 9446 Peru /8200 

V Amaldoa macbrideana Ferreyra ;8200 

V 9446 Peru 78200 

V Arnica frigida ssp. gmcomi'i (Fem.) S.R. 

Downie 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Newfoundland 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

R Arnica lanceolata Nutt. 20850 

I 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 
R 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Hampshire 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. • Vermont 20850 

R Arnica lonchophylla Greene ssp. amoglossa 

(Greene) Maguire 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - South Dakota 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Arnica louiseana Farr 20S50 

1 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 

E Amicastrum guerrerense Villasenor 20883. 9749 

I 20883 Mexico 20S8J 

R 79850 Mexico - Guerrero 9749 

V Amoglossum diversifolium (Torr. & Gray) H.E. 

Robins. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 



I 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

E Artemisia aleutica Hulten 20850. 2/50? 

E 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

R Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. arctica 2008S. 

21309 

R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - Nordi 20085 

R 20085 Canada 20085 

R 2;J09 U.S. - Alaska 21309 

V Artemisia arctica Less. ssp. beringensis (Hulten) 

Hulten 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Alaska 20850 

V Artemisia argentea L'Heril. 

V Portugal - Madeira 

E Artemisia biennis WUld. var. diffusa 

Dom 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Artemisia campestris L. ssp. bottnica A.L. 

Lundstrom ex Kindb. 74526. 2077/ 

V 2067J Finland 8000 
R 78276 Sweden 78276 

V Artemisia cantabrica (M. Lainz) M. Lainz 11496 

V 11496 Spain 11496 

I Artemisia cina Berg ex Po(j. 59« 

E 59.<2 Kazakhstan (south-east) 59-<2 
E 5942 Kyrgyzstan 59.J2 
I 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

R Artemisia congesta Kitam. 7057J 

R 7057J Japan 7057J 
R Artemisia densiflora Viv. 18264 

R 7S26'< Italy - Sardinia 7826'» 
I Artemisia dolichocephala Pampao. 

1 India - Jammu & Kashmir 

R Artemisia flahaultii Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Artemisia flava Jurtz. 20085. 21309 

R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 20085 
R Artemisia gilvescens Miq. 10573 

R 7057J Japan 10573 
R Artemisia globularia Hult. var. /urea 79002. 

27i09 

V 19002 U.S. - Alaska 79002 

E Artemisia granatensis Boiss. 15398.20171 

E 75i9S Spain (Province of Granada y Almeria) 
75J98 

V Artemisia hololeuca M.Bieb. ex Besser 8000. 20171 

V 77552 Russian Federation (west) 77552 

Ex Artemisia insipida vui. 20777 

Ex France (south-west Alps7north-west of Gap) 

R Artemisia kitadakensis Hara & Kitam. 10573 

R 7057J Japan 7057J 

R Artemisia lagopus Fiscb. ex Bess. ssp. abbreviata 

Krash. Ex. Korobk. 20085. 21309 
R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 200S5 

R Artemisia lagopus Fisch. et Bess ssp. trinana 

(Bess.) Korobk. 20085. 21309 
R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 20085 

R Artemisia legionensis Lainz 

R Spain 

V Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. estesii 

Chambers 20850 



-149- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Compositae: Artemisia 

V 20SS0 U.S. -Oregon 20S50 

V Artemisia mauiensis (Gray) Skottsberg 20i50 

V 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 208S0 

E Artemisia molinieri Quezel, M.Barbero & 

R.J.Loisel 20/7/ 
E 20528 France (Provence) 20528 
Artemisia momiyamae Kitam. 10573 
R 10573 Japan 10573 
Artemisia nesiotica Raven 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Artemisia niitakayamensis Hayata 205;; 
R 20511 Taiwan 20511 

Artemisia niitakayamensis Hayata var. tsugitakaensis 

Kitamura 205 IJ 
R 20511 Taiwan 205// 
Artemisia nitida Bertol. 13662. 20171 

R Austria SOOO 

R Italy SOOO 

R ;J662 Slovenia (eastern) 13662 

Artemisia nivalis Braun-Blanq. I8154 

I Italy (Monte Rosa) 

E I8IS4 Switzerland ISI54 

Artemisia oelandica (Besser) Kom. I8216. 20171 

R 20083 Sweden 18216 

Artemisia packardiae J. Grimes & Ertter 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Artemisia palmeri Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Artemisia pancicii (Janka) Roimiger 2050. 20171 

V Austria 
E 2050 Czech Republic 2050 
E Czech & Slovak Federal Republic 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

Artemisia papposa Blake & Cronq. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Artemisia pattersonii Gray 20*50 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 

I 20SS0 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20S50 

Artemisia petrosa (Baumg.) Jan ssp. eriantha 

(Ten.) Giacomini & Pignatti ;8264 

V ;826'( Italy ;S26.» 
Artemisia porteri Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Wyoming 20850 

Artemisia ramosa C. Smith ex Link 

R /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 
Artemisia rupestris L. ssp. woodii 

Neilson 20S50. 1034 

V 20850 Canada - Yukon Territoiy 20850 

Artemisia salsoloides wuid. 8000, 20171 
R //552 Russian Federation (west Caucasus, west 
Siberia) 7/552 

Artemisia samojedorum Pamp. 20085. 21309 
R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 20085 

Artemisia senjavinensis Bess. 20850. 5942 

R 77552 Russia (Far East) - Magadan (Bering Straits) 
79778 

V 20850 U.S. - Alaska (Bering Straits) 20850 



R 
R 
R 
R 

R 

I 

R 
R 

V 
R 

R 
R 



R 

V 

R 

R 
R 



R Artemisia somai Hayata var. batakensis (Hayata) 

Kitamura 2057/ 
R 2057/ Taiwan 2057/ 
R Artemisia tilesii Ledeb. ssp. unalaschcensis 

(Bess.) Hulten 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Artemisia trifurcata Steph. var. pedunculosa 

(Koidz.) Kitam. 7057J 
R 7057J Japan 7057J 

V Artemisia vulgaris L. var. kamtschatica 

Besser 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Alaska 20850 

I Aspilia grazielae Santos 72079 

I 7 7079 Brazil - Mato Grosso do Sul (Urucum) 
7 7079 

R Aspilia paraensis (Huber) Santos 72079 

R / 7079 Brazil - Para (Alto Ariramba) / 7079 

I Aspilia pohlii Baker 72079 

I 7 7079 Brazil 72079 

R Aspilia procumbens Baker /2079 

R /7079 Brazil • Rio Grande do Norte 7 7079 

R Aster albanicus Degen ssp. paparistoi 

Qosja 20/78 
R 20/78 Albania 20778 

R Aster altaicus Willd. var. taitoensis 

Kitamura 20577 
R 2057/ Taiwan 205/7 

R /lx<e/- OVlVul Alexander 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ Georgia 20850 

Ex 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

V As/er bracei Britt. 20«50 

I 20850 U.S. -Flonda 20850 

R Aster brickellioides Greene var. glabratus 

Greene 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V Aster chapmanii Torr. & Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

R Aster chingshuiensis Y.C.Liu et C.H.Ou 205// 

R 20577 Taiwan 2057/ 
R Aster curtus Cronq. 20850. 10701 

V 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Aster defoliatus Parish 2os50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Aster depauperatus Fern. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20SS0 
I 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

R Aster elatUS (Greene) Cronq. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Aster georgianus /Uexander 20850 



-150- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Aster 



V 
V 



V 
R 
E 
V 

R 
V 



V 20850 U.S. • 
I 20850 U.S. 

V 20SJ0 U.S. • 

V 208SO U.S. 
I 20SSO U.S. 



Alabama 208S0 
Flonda 20850 
Georgia 20850 
North Carolina 20850 
South Carolina 20850 



Aster glaucescens (A.Gray) Blake 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Aster gormanii (Piper) Blake 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Aster grisebachii Britten 5607 
E 19105 Cuba (Pinardel Rio. I. Juvenmd) 5607 
Aster itsunboshi voiamxira 20511 

1 205;; Taiwan 20511 

Aster jessicae Piper 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Aster jonesiae Lamboy 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

Aster kantoensis Kiiam. /057j 

V 10573 Japan ;057J 
Aster kingii D.c. Eat. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
Aster kingii D.C. Eat. var. bamebyana (Welsh & 

Goodrich) Welsh 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Aster kingii D.c. Eat. var. kingii 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Aster laevis A.G. Jones var. guadalupensis A.G. 
Jones 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Aster lentUS Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

Aster linosyris (L.) Bemh. ssp. armoricanus 

(Rouy) Kerguelen 20528 

V 20528 France 20528 

Aster mirabilis Torr. & Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ North Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

Aster mollis Rydb. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Aster morrisonensis Hiyaia 20511 

R 205;/ Taiwan 20511 

Aster nahanniensis Cody 20850. 6796 

E 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 

Aster paludicola Kper 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Aster peirsonii C.w. Sharsmith 208SO 

I 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

Aster puniceus L. var. scabricaulis (Shinn.) A.G. 
Jones 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Aster rugulosus Maxim, var. shibukawaensis Kitam. 
& Murata ;057J 

R 70573 Japan ;057J 
Aster saxicastellii J.N. CampbeU & M. Medley 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 



R Aster sibiricus L. var. pygmaeus (Lindl.) 

Cody 20850 
1 20850 Canada • Mackenzie 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

R Aster sohayakiensis Koidz. ;o57j 

R ;057i Japan 70575 

R /li/er sorrenft/iH (Tod.) Lojac. 77897 

R 7«26-> Italy - Sicily (north centre & central parts) 
207J8 

E Aster spinulosUS Chapman 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Flonda 20850 
E Aster subulatus Michx. var. obtusifolius 

Fern. 20850 

E 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 
R Aster takasagomontanus Sasaki 20511 

R 20577 Taiwan 205/7 

R Aster tarbagatensis ^K.Kocb) Mtnan. 8000. 20171 

R Russia (E.Europe) - South (South-East) 

8000 

R Aster tenuipes Makino 7057J 

R 10573 Japan 7057J 

V As/er vialis (Bradshaw) Blake 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Oregon 20850 

V yli^er wasatchensis (M.E.Jones) Blake 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V /Ix^er^aJtusAim^nxii (Kitam.) Soejima & Yahara 7057J 

V 7057J Japan 10573 

E Aster yukonensis Cronq. 20850.6796 

E 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 
E 20850 Canada ■ Yukon Territory 20850 
E 20850 U.S. -Alaska 20850 

R Asteriscus pinif alius Maire & WUczek 

R Morocco 

E Asteriscus schultzii (BoUe) Pitard & Proust 

E 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 
I Athanasia capitata (L.) L. 20604 

1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 2060^ 

R Athanasia grandiceps HUliard & B.L.Biuit 2060< 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

V Athanasia rugulosa E.Mey. ex DC. 20604 

V 2060.7 South Afnca - Cape Province 2060'* 
I Athrixia fontinalis wad 7754 

I Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7754 

R Athrixia SUbsimplex Brenan 7849 

R Malawi 7849 

E Atractylis arbuscula Svent. & Michaelis I4I66 

E 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 77897 
R Atractylis boulosii Tackh. 

R Egypt 

I Atractylis caerulea Battand. 70«8 

I 74958 Algena 70488 

E Atractylis preauxiana Scbultz Bip. 74766 

E 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 77897 
R Atractylis tutinii Franco 20777 

R Spain 

E Axiniphyllum durangense B. Turner 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

R Axiniphyllum durangensis B. Turner 14294 

R 74294 Mexico - Durango 14294 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Axiniphyllum 

I Baccharis barragensis Cuatrec. I93S2 

I 19352 Colombia I93S2 
I Baccharis floribundoides Ciairec. 19352 

I 19352 Colombia 19352 
I Baccharis grandiflora Kunth ssp.farallonensis 

Cuatrec. 19352 

I 19352 Colombia 19352 

V Baccharis kingii Cuatr. 20S83 

I 208S3 Peru 20883 

E Baccharis libertadensis (S. B. Jones) H. 

Robinson 20883 
I 20883 Peru 20883 

I Baccharis macrantha Kunth ssp. caucanensis 

Cuatrec. ;9iJ2 
I !9352 Colombia 19352 

R Baccharis orientalis (Alain) Borh. J607 

R 19105 Cuba (Las Tunas) 5607 
I Baccharis paramicola Ciatrec. 19352 

I /W52 Colombia 19352 
R Baccharis solomonii H. Robinson 20SSJ 

1 2OS8J Bolivia 20883 

R Baccharis steetzii Andersson nil? 

R Ecuador - Galapagos ////7 

E Baccharis vanessae Beauchamp 208S0 

E 20850 US. -California 2OSS0 

V Bafutia tenuicaulis C. Adams 

V Cameroon 

V BaUuina atropurpurea Harper 20850 
E 20850 U.S. -Alabama 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
I 20S50 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

R Balsamorhiza macrolepis Sharp 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V Balsamorhiza macrolepis Sharp var. 

macrolepis 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R Bamadesia macbridei Ferreyra I8200 

R 12468 Peru ;S200 

R Bamadesia wurdackii Ferreyra /8200 

R 12468 Pern ;8200 
E Barrosoa atlantica R. M. King & H. Robinson 20883 

I 2088i Brazil 20883 

E Bartlettina chiriquensis K. & R. 2088J. 9706 

I 20883 Panama 2088J 
E Bartlettina maxonii (Rob.) K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 20885 Panama 20S8J 
E Bartlettina tamaulipana (B. L. Turner) R. M. King & H. 

Robinson 20SS5 

I 20883 Mexico 208SJ 

V Basedowia tenerrima (F.Muell. & Tate) J.BIack 2068I 

V 2068; Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
I Bellis azorica Hocbst. 20171 

I 19174 Pomigal - Azores 19174 

V Bellium crassifolium Moris 20/7; 

V 20805 Italy - Sardinia 20805 

R Berardia subacaulis Vill. ;8264, 20/7; 



R France 8000 

V ;S26'> Italy (Piedmont) 18264 

R Berkheya draco Roesslcr 20604 

R 2060-< South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Berkheya dregei Harv. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Berkheya francisci Bolus 20604 

R 2060J South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Berkheya johnstoniana Britten 7757 

R Malawi (Mlanje) 7757 

R Berkheya leucaugeta HUliard 20604 

R 2060'( South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Berlandiera subacaulis (Nuti.) Nutt. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. -Florida 20850 

I Bidens ahnnei Sherff 

! French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 

R Bidens amplectens Sherff 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20S50 

R Bidens amplissima Greene 20850. /«62 

R 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 

E Bidens aoraiensis J.Grant ex Sherff 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
208<5 

R Bidens asymmetrica (Levi.) ShertT 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

I Bidens australis k.p. Sprengel 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. 20845 

R Bidens bidentoides (Nuti.) Britt. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Jersey 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 

I Bidens bipontina Sherff 208« 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 

V Bidens campylotheca Schultz-Bip. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Bidens campylotheca Schultz-Bip. ssp. 

campylotheca . 20*50. 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Bidens campylotheca Schulu-Bip. ssp. pentamera 

(SherfO Ganders & Nagala 20850. 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Bidens campylotheca Schultz-Bip. ssp. waihoiensis 

St.John 20850, 14209 
E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 
R Bidens cervicata Sherff 20850. 14209 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Bidens clarendonensis Brition 20883. 13336 

E ;iJJ6 Jamaica 20S8i 
I Bidens COllina Degener & Sherff 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Hiva Oa) 

20845 

E Bidens conjuncta Sherff 20S50. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (West Maui) 20850 

R Bidens conjunctata Sherff /«09 

R 74209 U.S. - Hawaii (West Maui) 14209 

E Bidens cordifolia Schidtz-Bip. 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Nuka Hiva) 
20845 



-152- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Bidens 

V Bidens COSmoides (Gray) Sherff 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
I Bidens deltoidea J.Moore 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia ■ Society Is. (Raiatea) 
2084S 

V Bidens dissecta (O.E. Schultz) Sherff 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

V Bidens eatonii Fern. 20850. 556? 

V 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

E Bidens forbesii Sherff ssp. kahiliensis Ganders & 

Nagata 20850, 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 
I Bidens glandulifera M.Grant ex Sherff 20845 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Bora Bora) 
20845 

V Bidens hendersonensis Sherff var. 

hendersonensis 8050 

V ;9;S5 Pitcaim (Henderson Is.) 17673 

Ex/E Bidens hendersonensis Sherff var. oenoensis 
Sherff 86)6 
Ex/E /9/S5 Pitcaim (Oeno) 86/6 
I Bidens hendersonensis Sherff var. subspathulata 

Sherff 8050 
I 17673 Pilcairn (Henderson Is.) 8050 

I Bidens henryi Sherff 208« 

1 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Hiva Oa) 
20845 

V Bidens heterodoxa (Fern.) Fern. & St. John 20850. 

5567 

E 20850 Canada - Pnnce Edward Is. 20850 

V 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Connecticut 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Jersey 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Bidens hillebrandiana (Drake) O. Deg. 20850. 14209 

1 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Bidens hivaoana O.Degener & Sherff 20845 

V 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Hiva Oa) 

20845 

I Bidens jardinii Schultz-Bip. 20S.<5 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 

V Bidens mathewsii Sherff I9i84 

V 19185 Pitcaim (Pitcaim Island) 19186 

R Bidens mauiensis (Gray) Sherff 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Bidens micrantha Gaudich ssp. ctenophylla (SherfO 

Nagata & Ganders 20850. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Bidens micrantha (Sherff) ssp. kalealaha Nagata & 

Ganders 20850. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Maui, Lana'i) 20850 

E Bidens molokaiensis (Hbd.) Sherff 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (O'ahu. Mclokai) 20850 

E Bidens orofenensis M.Grant ex Sherff 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Tahiti) 
20845 

Bidens polycephala Schulu-Bip. 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20845 



R 

E 



Bidens populifolia Sherff 20850, 14209 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Oahu - Koolau Mts.) 
20850 



R Bidens replans var. tomentosa O.E. 

Schultz 20883 
R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
E Bidens saint-johniana Sherff 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Maroiiri) 
20845 

E Bidens sandvicensis Less ssp. confusa Nagata & 

Ganders 20S50. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

I Bidens serrulata (Schultz-Bip.) Sherff 

1 French Polynesia ■ Marquesas Is 

R Bidens teikiteetinii Florence & Stuessy 20845 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is (Nukua Hiva) 
20845 

V Bidens trelawniensis Proctor 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

I Bidens uapensis (F. Brown) Sherff 

I 20845 French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 20826 

R Bidens valida Sherff 20850. /4209 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

E Bidens wiebkei Sherff 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Moloka'i) 20850 
R Bigelowia nuttallii L.C. Anders. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Louisiana 20850 
R 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

V Blennosperma bakeri Heiser 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Blennosperma nanum (Hoak.)Blake var. robustum J.T. 

Howell 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Blepharizonia plumosa (Kellogg) Greene ssp. 

plumosa 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Califomia 20850 

I Blumea angustifolia Thwaiies 802/ 

I 16162 Sri Lanka 8021 
I Blumea crinita Am. 802; 

I /6/62 Sri Lanka 8021 
R Blumea formosana Kitamura 205// 

R 20511 Taiwan 205// 

R Blumea linearifolia Peng & Leu. 205// 

R 205// Taiwan 20511 

V Boltonia apalachicolensis L.C. Anders. 208J0 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Brachanthemum baranovii (Kraschen. & Polj.) 

Kraschen. 5942 

V 11552 Russia (Siberia) - West (southern) 

20627 

R Brachycome humile G. Simpson & J. Thomson 

R New Zealand - Soudi Is. 

R Brachycome linearis (Petrie) Dmce 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

V Brachycome neocaledonica Guillaumin 20893 

V 2089J New Caledonia 20893 

V Brachycome sarasinii Daniker 20893 

V 2089i New Caledonia 20893 

R Brachycome segmentosa c. Moore & F. MueU. 

R /4225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 74225 



-153- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Brachycome 

R Brachyglottis arborescens W. Oliver S6 

R 19305 New Zealand - North Is. (Three Kings Island) 
19105 

R Brachyglottis brunonis (Hook.f.) B.Nord. 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Tasmania 20681 
R Brachyglottis compacta (Kirk) Nordenstam 19105 

R 1910S New Zealand - North Is. 19105 
R Brachyglottis huntii (Mueli.) Nordenstam 1910S 

R 20625 New Zealand - Chatham Is. 1930S 
R Brachyglottis pentacopa iDrury) Nordenstam 19105 

R 1910S New Zealand - North Is. 19105 

I Brachyglottis saxifragoides (Hook ru.) 

Nordenstam 19105 
I ;9J05 New Zealand 1910S 
R Brachyscome ascendens G.Davis 2068I 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 20681 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Brachyscome eriogona (J. Black) G.Davis 2068; 

I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - South Australia 20681 

R Brachyscome humilis 19105 

R 1930S New Zealand - South Is. 19105 

R Brachyscome linearis 1930s 

R 1930S New Zealand - South Is. 19105 
E Brachyscome muelleri Sonder 20681 

E 206SI Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

V Brachyscome muelleroides G.Davis 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia ■ Victoria 2068/ 

V Brachyscome papillosa G.Davis 2068; 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
R Brachyscome petrophila G.Day'is 206SI 

R 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 
R Brachyscome riparia G.Davis 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 
R Brachyscome sieberi DC. var. gunnii 

DC. 2068/ 
R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

R Brachyscome stolonifera G.Davu 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Brachyscome xanthocarpa D.Cooke 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

V Brickellia baccharidea Gray 208SI. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

E 2088J Mexico 20881 

V Brickellia brachyphylla (A.Gray) A.Gray var. 

hinckleyi (Standi.) Flyr 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Ex/E Brickellia brachyphylla (A.Gray) A.Gray var. 
terlinguensis Flyr 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Ex/E Brickellia chenopodina (Greene) B.L. Robins. 208S0. 

14662 

Ex/E 20SJ0 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Brickellia cordifolia EU. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 



R Brickellia dentata (DC.) Schidtz-Bip. 20850, S05S 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
? Mexico 10816 

E Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Stunners var. 

floridana (R.W.Long) B.L.Tumer 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
R Brickellia eupatorioides (L.) Stunners var. 

gracillima (Gray) B.L.Tumer 2088J. 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Texas 208S0 
I 2088J Mexico 20881 

R Brickellia parvula Gray 208SO 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Brickellia viejensis Flyr 208S0 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Bubonium longiradiatum Maire 

R Morocco 

R Buphthalmum inuloides Moris 8000. 20171 

R 18264 Italy - Sardinia (extreme notth) 8000 
R Cacalia amagiensis Kitam. /057J 

R /057J Japan /057i 

R Cacalia kiushiana Makino /057i 

R /057.t Japan /057i 

R Cacalia nokoensis Masamune & Susuld 205// 

R 205// Taiwan 205// 

R Cacalia peltifolia Makino /057i 

R /057) Japan 10573 

R Cacalia pseudo-taimingasa Nakai /5957 

R /592J Korea, South (Ml Chiri, Mt Tokyu) /5Si57 
R Cacalia shikokiana Makino /0575 

R /057.? Japan /057J 

R Cacalia yakusimense Masam. /057J 

R /057J Japan /057i 
E Cadiscus aquaticus E.Mey. 20604 

E 20604 Soudi Afnca - Cape Province 2060< 
E Calea bucaramangensis Pruski & Urbaisch 208SI 

I 20881 Colombia 20881 

E Calea crocinervosa Wussow, Urbatscti, & G.A. 

Sullivan 20881. h2020 
I 20881 Mexico 20881 

R Calea fluviatilis S.F.BUke 9004 

R 12020 Belize 9004 

V Calea fruticosa (Gardner) UrbaUch, Zlotsky & 

Pruski 20881 
I 20881 Brazil 20881 

V Calea sickii (Barroso) Urbastscli, Zlotsky & 

Pruski 20SSJ 
I 20881 Brazil 20881 

V Calea temifolia (Robinson) Wussow, Urbatsch, & G. A. 

Sullivan var. calyculata (Rob.) Wussow, Urb. & G.A. 
Sul. 20881. 12020 
I 20883 Mexico 20881 

V Calea urticifolia Wussow, Urbatsch, & G. A. Sullivan var. 

yucatanensis Wussow, Urb.,& G.A. Sullivan 2088J, ;2020 
I 20881 Mexico 20883 
I Calendula exilis Font Quer & Sennen 

1 Spain 

V Calendula maderensis DC. /789/ 

V Portugal - Madeira /789/ 



-154- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Calendula 

V Calendula suffruticosa Vahl ssp. maritima (Guss.) 

Meikle 18264. 20171 

V 18264 Ilaly • Sicily 18264 

I Calendula vidalii Pau 

I Morocco 

R Callilepis leptophylla Harv. 20039 

R 20039 Southern Afnca 20019 
I 20039 Swaziland 20039 

V Calotis glandulosa F.Muell. 2068I 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2064/ 

V Calotis moorei P.S.Short 2068I 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
R Calotis suffruticosa Domin 206s; 

R 20681 Australia - Queensland 20681 

V Calycadenia fremontii Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Calycadenia hispida (Greene) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Calycadenia hooveri G.D. Can- 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Calycadenia mollis Gray 208JO 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Calycadenia pauciflora Gray 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Calycadenia spicata (Greene) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Calycadenia truncata DC. ssp. microcephala Hall ex 
Keck 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Calycadenia villosa DC. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Camchaya eberhardtii (Gagnepain) Kitam. 6057 

R Vietnam 6057 

Cancriniella krascheninnikovii (Rubtzov) 

Tzvelev 5942 
R 5942 Kazakhstan (south-east) 5942 
Carduncellus araneosus Boiss. & Renter ssp. 

pseudomitissimus Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart. 
R Spain 

Carduncellus dianius Webb ;;'<96 
R /9/7'» Spain (north-east Alicante) 20692 
R ;;496 Spain - Baleanc Is. (Ibiza) 11496 

Carduncellus ilicifolius Pomel /o-<88 

E 14958 Algeria /0488 
Carduncellus strictus (Pomel) Hanelt W504 
R 14958 Algeria ;0504 

Carduus acanthoides L. ssp. sintenisii 

Kazmi /2S.«) 
R ;28«) Turkey ;2840 
Carduus adpressus C.A.Mey. 8000. 20171 

R 5204 Bulgaria (Southern - two sites only) 
5204 

Carduus aurosicus ViU. 20171 

V 20528 France (southeastern) 20528 
Carduus baeocephalus Webb 

V 15105 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 
Carduus bourgaei Kazmi /0260 

V /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

Carduus cronicus Boiss et Heldr. ssp. baldaccH 



R 
R 

R 
V 
R 

R 

V 

I 

V 

R 

R 



V 
R 
E 
R 
R 
R 
V 
R 



Kazmi 20/78 
R 20/78 Albania 20/78 
Carduus kemeri Simook. ssp. lobulatiformis 

(Csfirrs & E.J. Nyarady) S06 /782J. 20/7/ 
R 19949 Romania 20631 

Carduus nutans L. ssp. falcato-incurvus 

Davis 12840 
R /2S«) Turkey 12840 
Carduus nutans L. ssp. trojanus 

Davis ;2840 

R /2S.(0 Turkey 12840 

Carduus onopordioides Fiscb. ex Bieb. ssp. turcicus 

(Kazmi) Davis 12840 
R 12840 Turkey /28.«l 
Car</uus paui Devesa & Talav. 11496 
R ;/<96 Spain (Iberian Mrs.) 20692 

Carduus ramosissimus Pancic 20/78. 2oni 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 

K 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

Carduus rechingeranus Kazmi 12140 

R ;2S«) Turkey /2S-/0 

Carduus squarrosus (DC.) Lowe 

V Portugal ■ Madeira 

Carduus thracicus (Velen.) Hayek 5204. 20171 
R 5204 Bulgana (Southern and eastern - five sites) 
5204 

Carlina bamebiana B.L.Btuit & P.H.Davis 20/7/ 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 20730 
Carlina canariensis Pitard 20750 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
Carlina cirsioides Klokov 20171 

I 5942 Ukraine 5942 
Carlina diae (Recb.f.) Meusel & Kastner 20/7/ 

V 207JO Greece - Crete 20730 

Carlina fiumensis Simook. 20171 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

Carlina oligocephala Boiss. & Kotscby ssp. 

pallescens (Wettst.) Muesel & Kastner 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 
Carlina onopordifolia Besser ex Szafer, Kulcz. & 

Pawl. 5942. 20171 

V /82/6 Poland (south) 20800 
I 5942 Ukraine 5942 

Carlina sitiensis Rech.r. 20171 

V 207J0 Greece - Crete (inc. Kasos) 207J0 
Carlina texedae Marrero 20750 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 
Carminatia alvarezii Rzedowski & Calderon 20883 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Carthamus rhiphaeus Font Quer & Pau 

R Morocco 

Cassinia amoena Cheeseman 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

Cassinia collina C.White 2068/ 
R 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
Cassinia rugata N.G.Walsh 206S/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

Cassinia tenuifolia Benth. 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Cassinia 

R 14225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14225 

V Catamixis baccharoides Thomson 11494 

V 11494 India ■ Uttar Pradesh (Siwalik &. Tehn, 

Garwhal) 11494 

E Celmisia adamsii Kirk var. adamsii 86 

E New Zealand - Nortli Is. 

V Celmisia adamsii Kirk var. rugosula 

Cheeseman 19305 

V I9S0S New Zealand ■ North Is. l9iOS 

R Celmisia cordatifolia Buchan. var. similis W. 

Martin 
R New Zealand * South Is. 

E Celmisia macmahonii Kirk var. 

macmahonii 1930s 

E 19305 New Zealand - South Is. 19305 
R Celmisia morganii Cheeseman 1930s 

R 19305 New Zealand - South Is. 19305 

R Celmisia philocremna Given ssis 

R SSIS New Zealand - South Is. 5S15 
R Celmisia sericophylla J.H.Willis 206ai 

R 2068; Australia - Victoria 206SI 
R Celmisia spedeni G. Simpson 19305 

R 19305 New Zealand ■ South Is. 1930S 
R Celmisia thomsonii Cheeseman 19305 

R /9J05 New Zealand • South Is. 1930S 
I Cenia duckittiae L.Bolus 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Centaurea achaia Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7; 

R Greece 

V Centaurea akamantis T. Georgiades & G. 

Chatzikyriakou 20007 

V 20710 Cyprus (Akamas) /827; 

E Centaurea alba L. ssp. heldreichii (Halacsy) 

Dostal 8000. 20/7; 
E Greece (west) SOOO 

E Centaurea alba L. ssp. princeps (Boiss. & Heldr.) 

Gugler aooo. 20171 
E Greece 7789/ 

R Centaurea amaena Boiss. & Bal. 12840 

R /28J0 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea amanicola Hub.-Mor. i2S4o 

R ;2««) Turkey ;28.«) 

R Centaurea androssovii lljin 800; 

R former USSR 69i0 

R Centaurea anthemifolia Hub.-Mor. i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 72840 

R Centaurea antiochia Boiss. /2840 

R ;28'(0 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea antitauria Hayek /28«) 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea aphrodisea Boiss. ;28.«) 

R ;28«) Turkey ;28-«) 
R Centaurea aplolepa Moretti ssp. aeolica (Guss. ex 

Lojac.) Dostal 20/7; 

R 20171 France 20/7; 
R Centaurea argecillensis Gredilla 2077; 

R Spain 

R Centaurea arguta Nees ;o;98 

R Spain - Canary Is. 1019a 



R Centaurea arifolia Boiss. /2840 

R /28«) Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea arpensis (Czerep.) Wagentiz 800; 

R former USSR 69iO 

V Centaurea ascalonica Bomm. ««9j 

V Israel 8895 

R Centaurea aucherana DC. I2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2««) 
R Centaurea austro-anatolica Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R /28-(0 Turkey 12840 

I Centaurea bagadensis Woronow 5942 

I J942 Russia - North Caucasus 59<2 
I 5942 Transcaucasus 5942 

V Centaurea balbisiana Soldano ssp. aemilii (Briq.) 

Kerguelen 20528 

V 20528 France (Alpes-Maritimes) 20J2S 

R Centaurea balbisiana Soldano ssp. jordaniana 

(Gren. & Godron) Kerguelen 20528 
R 20528 France (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) 20528 

V Centaurea balbisiana Soldano ssp. verguinii (Briq. 

& Cavill.) Kerguelen 20528 

V 20528 France (Alpes-Maritimes) 20528 

V Centaurea 2>aUaca'i Degen ex Baldacci 20/7/ 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 

R Centaurea balearica Rodr. 8OOO. 20/7/ 

R 20645 Spain • Balearic Is. 8000 

I Centaurea barbeyi (Albov) Sosn. 5942 

1 5942 Transcaucasus 5942 

R Centaurea biokovensis Teyber 20/7/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

I Centaurea boissieri DC. ssp. spachii (Sch.Bip. ex 

WUIk.) Dostal 20/7/ 

I 20874 Spain (Albacete & Valencia) 8000 
R Centaurea bombycina Boiss. ex DC. //496 

R //496 Spain (Malaga. Granada) //496 
E Centaurea borjae Valdes-Berm. & Rivas Goday 17891 

E //496 Spain (La Coruiia) ;7«9/ 

R Centaurea bourgaei Boiss. i284o 

R /2840 Turkey 'l2840 
I Centaurea bovina Velen. 20/7/ 

I Bulgana 

R Centaurea brevifimbriata Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

R Centaurea calcitrapa L. ssp. cilicica (Boiss. & 

Bal.) Wagenitz /2840 
R /2840 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea candelabrum Hayek & Kosanin 20/78. 20171 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 

R Centaurea cariensiformis Hub.-Mor. /2840 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea cariensis Boiss. /2840 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

R Centaurea cariensis Boiss. ssp. maculiceps 

(O.Schwarz) Wagenitz 207J/ 
R 20731 Greece - East Aegean Is 2073/ 
R Centaurea carpatica (Porcius) Porcius 20/7/ 

R /9947 Romania 8001 
R 5942 Ukraine 5942 

R Centaurea carpatica (Pore.) Pore. ssp. rarauensis 



-156- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Centaurea 

(Prodan) Cioc. 19955 
R 19947 Romania 20631 
R Centaurea carratracensis Lange 11496 

R 11496 Spain (Malaga, Sierra Cairairata) 11496 

I Centaurea castellanoides Talav. 

I Spain 

R Centaurea cataonica Boiss. & Hausskn. 12840 

R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 

R Centaurea chalcidicaea Hayek 20; 7/ 

R Greece 

R Centaurea chaldaeorum Nab. ;2«4o 

R ;2SJ0 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea cheirolepidoides Wagenitz i2S4o 

R ;2S40 Turkey ;2S«) 
R Centaurea chrysantha Wagenitz ;28.«) 

R ;2840 Turkey ;2S40 
R Centaurea chrysocephala Phitos & Georgiadis 

R Greece 

R Centaurea citricolor Font Quer ; 7S9; 

R 20874 Spain (Sierra Morenal 2087'< 
R Centaurea clementei Boiss. ejt DC. 20171 

R Spain 

R Centaurea corcubionensis M. Lainz ;/<96 

R ;;«() Spain y;«(S 
R Centaurea cordubiensis Font Quer 

R 20660 Spam (Cordoba, Sevilla, Badajot) 11496 

R Centaurea corinthia Boiss. & Heldr. 207J/ 

R 20731 Greece (Sterea Ellas) 207J; 

V Centaurea corymbosa Pourr, «ooo, 20/7; 

V 20528 France (Aude) 20528 

R Centaurea crithmifolia Vis. 20/7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea cuspidata vis. 20/7/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

V Centaurea cyrenaica Beguinot & Vaccan 

V Libya 

R Centaurea cytherea Rech.f. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Centaurea dalmatica A.Kem. 20171 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea davisii Wagenitz i2S4o 

R /28'(0 Turkey 12840 

V Centaurea deflexa Wagenitz 12840 

V ;28-«) Turkey ;2S«) 

R Centaurea demirizii Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28-«) 

R Centaurea derderiifolia Wageniu i2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28'«) 

V Centaurea dichroa Boiss. & Heldr. /28« 

V 12840 Turkey /28-W) 

R Centaurea drabifolioides Hub.-Mor. i2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 

R Centaurea dubjanskii njin 

R former European USSR 

R Centaurea ducellieri Battand. 

R Morocco 

R Centaurea ebenoides Heldr. ex s.Moore 20/7; 

R Greece 



R Centaurea emigrantis Bubani / 1496 

R 11496 Spam 11496 
R Centaurea ensiformis Davis ;28>(0 

R ;2S-H) Turkey (2S«) 
R Centaurea eriosiphon Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Centaurea exarata Boiss, ex Coss. 20; 7/ 

E 20076 Portugal 20076 

R Spam 

V Centaurea forojulensis (Foldini) Poldini 1S264 

V 18264 Italy (Fnuli-Venezia-Giulia) 18264 

V Cen/aur«a /ra^i/enm Sch.Bip. ex Nyman 8OOO. 20171 

V 20076 Pomigal 20076 

R Centaurea friderici \is. 20171 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea gadorensis G. Blanca ;789; 

R 20874 Spain (Sierra de Gador, Almeria, Granada) 
11496 

R Centaurea germanicopolitana Bornm. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /28-(0 

R Centaurea glaberrima Tivscb 20171 

R 2/09/ Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea gracillima Wageniu /2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28-H) 
R Centaurea grbavacensis (!B.oi!i.)Sioy. Si Xchi. 20171 

R Greece 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea guilhelmi (Pau & Sennen) Maire 

R Morocco 

R Centaurea haenseleri (Boiss.) Boiss. ;;'(96 

R /;496 Spam //■»96 
R Centaurea hakkariensis Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /JS-W 

V Centaurea halophila Hub.-Mor. I2840 

V 12840 Turkey ;2S-«) 

V Centaurea hanryi Jordan ssp. shuttleworthii (Rouy) 

Kerguelen 20528 

V 20528 France (south-east) 2052S 

R Centaurea haradjianii Wagenitz 12840 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea hedgei Wagenitz 12840 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 

V Centaurea hermannii r.Henn. /778;, 20171 

V 7 778/ Turkey ;77s; 

R Centaurea hierapolitana Boiss. ;28'>o 

R y28'H) Turkey ;2S«) 

R Centaurea holtzii Wagenitz I2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28'K) 

V Centaurea horrida Badaro 8000, 20171 

V /82d4 Italy - Sardinia 19997 

R Centaurea huber-morathii Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2840 

R Centaurea huljakii j.Wagner 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Centaurea incompta Vis. 20/7; 

R 2J09; Bosnia & Herzegovina 21091 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea ipsaria stoj. & Kitanov 20/7/ 



-157- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Centaurea 
R Greece 

R Centaurea jaennensis Degen & Debeaux 11496. 20171 

R 11496 Spam (Jaen & Granada) 11496 

R Centaurea janeri GraeUs i5846. 20171 

R 15846 Spain 15846 

E Centaurea jankae D.Brandza 8000. 20171 

E 19417 Romania (Dolrogea) 20611 

E Centaurea kalambakensis Freyn & Sini. 8000. 20171 

E Greece (cenlral - near Kalabaka) 8000 

R Centaurea karduchorum Boiss. /2S40 

R 12840 Turkey J2S.«) 

R Centaurea kartschiana Scop. 8000,20171 

V ;S26< Italy (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) 19997 

R (former) Yugoslavia (north wesi) 8000 

R Centaurea kemerana Janka 5204, 20; 7; 

R 5204 Bulgaria (central & west) 5204 

V Centaurea kilaea Boiss. 12840.20171 

V ;2S-»0 Turkey ;2S.<0 

R Centaurea koniensis Hub.-Mor. I2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 

R Centaurea kosaninii Hayek 20; 7«. 20;;; 

R 20178 Albania 20/78 
R Centaurea kotschyi (Boiss. & Heldr.) Hayek var. 

decumbens Wageniiz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S.<0 
R Centaurea laconica Boiss. 20/7/ 

R 207J; Greece (Peloponissos) 207j; 
E Centaurea lactiflora Halacsy 8000. 20171 

E Greece (central - Koniskos. NE of Kalabaka) 

8000 

R Centaurea lactucifolia Boiss. 

R 207.); Greece • East Aegean Is (Rhodes) 207J; 
R Cf nfaurea /ai'nzii Fernandez Casas 11496 

R 11496 Spam (Sierra Beraieja. Malaga) 11496 

R Centaurea /aureoft'ca Heldr. ex Halacsy 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Centaurea leucadea Lacaiia 18264 

R yS26J Italy (Puglia) 18264 
Ex/E Centaurea leucophaea Jord. ssp. biformis 
(Timb.-Lagr.) Dostal 20/ 71 

Ex/E 20811 France (Pyrenees-Onentales) 20528 

V Centaurea leucophaea Jord. ssp. pseudocoerulescens 

(Briq.) Dostal 20/ 7/ 

V 20J2« France (south-east) 20528 

E Centaurea linaresii Lazaro Ibiza 8000. 20171 

E 74/55 Spain (north-west) 8000 

R Centaurea litochorea Georgiadis & Phitos 

R Greece 

R Centaurea longifimbriata Wagenitz i284o 

R /2S.(0 Turkey /2«40 
R Centaurea loscosii walk. 20171 

R Spain 

R Centaurea luschaniana Heimerl /2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2S«) 
R Centaurea lycica Boiss. ;2«40 

R /2S.«) Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea lycopifolia Boiss. & Kotschy /2«4o 

R 12840 Turkey /2«.«) 



R Centaurea lydia Boiss. /2S40 

R ;2S'(0 Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea macrorrhiza Willk. /;496 

R //JSe Spain (Almena & Murcia) //.(Od 

E Centaurea maculosa Lam. ssp. albida (Lecoq & 

Lamotle) Dostal 20/ 7/ 
E 2052S France (south) 2052S 

R Centaurea maireana Emberger 

R Morocco 

R Centaurea mannagettae Podp. ssp. pirinica (D. 

Jord.) Koz. ;9709 
R /9709 Bulgaria /9709 

V Centaurea margaritacea Ten. 20171 

V former European USSR 

I Centaurea mariana Nyman 11496 

I //496 Spain (Murcia, Almena) 11496 

R Centaurea mathiolifolia Boiss. /28«) 

R ;2S40 Turkey ;2«40 

R Centaurea micracantha DuSoui 20171 

R Spain 

V Centaurea micrantha Hoffmanns. & Link ssp. herminii 

(Rouy) Dostal 8000. 20/7/ 

V 20076 Portugal (north central - Sena da Estrela) 

8000 

R Centaurea microcarpa Coss. & Durieu 

R Algeria 

I Tunisia 

V Centaurea monticola Boiss. e\DC. 11496 

V 11496 Spain (Granada, Jaen) 11496 
R Centaurea murbeckii Hayek 20171 

V 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea musakii Georgiadis 207j/ 

R 20711 Greece 207i/ 

R Centaurea musarum Boiss. & Orph. 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R Centaurea mykalea Hub.-Mor. i284o 

R /2S.«) Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea nicolai Ba\A. 20178. 20171 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 

R 2/09/ Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

E Centaurea niederi Heldr. 8000. 201 7/ 

E Greece (west - north of Mesolongion) 

8000 

R Centaurea nydeggeri Hub.-Mor I2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea odyssei Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2S40 

R Centaurea olympica c. Koch. /2s.<o 

R /2S40 Turkey /2840 

R Centaurea omphalotricha Coss. & Durieu ex 

Batt. 20/7; 
R Algeria 

I Tunisia 

I Centaurea ossaea Halacsy 20171 

1 Greece 

V Centaurea pamphylica Boiss. & Heldr. /2840 

V 12840 Turkey /28-H) 

R Centaurea pangaea Greuter & Papanic. 



-158- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Centaurea 
R Greece 

V Centaurea paniculata L. ssp. esterellensis 

(Burnat) Dostal 20/7/ 

V 20i2S France (Var. Alpes-Maritimes) 2052* 

R Centaurea paphlagonica (Bornm.) Wagenitz nsio 

R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Centaurea pawlowskii Phitos & Damboldt 

R Greece 

V Centaurea paxorum Phitos & Georgiadis 20731 

V 20731 Greece 20731 

R Centaurea pecho Albow 12340 

R /2S40 Turkey I2S40 
R Centaurea peslalozzae Boiss. ;2s-*o 

R /2«-(0 Turkey 12840 

E Centaurea peucedanifolia Boiss. & Orph. sooo. 20/ 7; 

E Greece (north-east - Athos) iOOO 

R Centaurea phaeolepis Coss. I04ss 

R /495S Algena /0-(SS 

V Centaurea pinetorum Hub.-Mor. I2S40 

V I2S40 Turkey /28<0 

R Centaurea pinnatifida ScbuT 19266. 20171 

R /99-(9 Romania (S & E Carpathians) /9266 

V Centaurea poculatoris Greuier 20171 

V 20730 Greece ■ Crete 207J0 

R Centaurea poluninii Wagenitz I2S40 

R /2S«) Turkey 12U0 

Centaurea polymorpha Lag. 20171 

R Spam 

Centaurea pontica Prodan & Nyar. SOOo. 20/7/ 
E /9-// 7 Romania (Danube delta) 206J/ 
Centaurea prespana Rech.f. 
R Greece 

Centaurea procumbens Balb. 20171 

R France 

R Spain 

Centaurea psephelloides Freyn & Sint. /284o 

Ex 19873 Turkey /2S-/0 

Centaurea pseudocadmea Wagenitz 20/7/ 

R 207J/ Greece (Sterea Ellas - Mt Kidlaeron) 
207i/ 

R Centaurea pseudokotschyi Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2S40 
E Centaurea pseudoleucolepis Kleopoyr 5942.20171 

E 20«J5 Ukraine (soudl-east) 5942 

R Centaurea pseudophygia C.A. Meyer ssp. retezatensis 

(Pradau) Cire /7S2J 
R /99<9 Romania 20631 

R Centaurea pseudoreflexa Hayek /2840 

R /28.«) Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea psilacantha Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7/ 

R 207J/ Greece (Sterea Ellas) 207J/ 
R Centaurea ptarmicifolia Halacsy ex Hayek 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Centaurea ptosimopappa Hayek /2S40 

R /28.«) Turkey ;2S40 

R Centaurea ptosimopappoides Wagenitz i284o 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea pulcherrima Willd. yar. freynii (int.) 



R 



R 



R 



Ex 



R 



Wagenitz /2S40 
R /2840 Turkey /28-«) 
R Cenraurea />u/v/na/a (G. Blanca) G. Blanca /789/ 

R 20874 Spain //■»96 

R Centaurea pumilio L. 20171 

R 2O7J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 
R Centaurea rechingeri Phitos 20/7/ 

R 207j; Greece - East Aegean Is 207i/ 

R Centaurea redempta Heldr. ssp. 

redempta 20731 

R 207i/ Greece - Crete 20731 

R Centaurea reuterana Boiss. var. 

reuterana 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /28'»0 
R Centaurea rhizocalathium (C. Koch.) Tchibai. /2840 

R ;2S-<0 Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea ropalon Pomel 

R Algena 

I Tunisia 

V Centaurea rothmalerana (Arenes) Dostal 15846. 20171 

V 20076 Portugal 20076 

R Centaurea rufidula Boi^im. 20/7/ 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea rupestris ssp. pamonia (Hal.) Routsi & 

Georgiadis 207J/ 

R 207^; Greece 207J/ 
R Centaurea sadleranaJaaka 20171 

R Ausma 8000 

R Czech & Slovak Federal Republic 8000 

R Hungary 8000 

R Centaurea sagredoi G. Blanca //■<9fl 

R //•(96 Spam 11496 
R Centaurea scannensis (/Vnzalone) Pignatti /826'/ 

R /826< Italy (Abruzzi) 18264 

R Centaurea schischkinii Tzvelev. i2840 

R /28«) Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea schousboei Lange 20/7/ 

V 20076 Portugal 20076 
R Spain 

R Centaurea scopulorum Boiss. & Heldr. /28-«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;28.«) 
R Centaurea sericea Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea sipylea Wagenitz i284o 

R /28<0 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea sivasica Wagenitz 12840 

R /28«) Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea solstitialis L. ssp. cameola (Boiss.) 

Wagenitz /2S«) 
R /2S«) Turkey /2840 
R Centaurea solstitialis L. ssp. pyracantha (Boiss.) 

Wagenitz /2S40 
R /2840 Turkey 12840 
R Centaurea soskae Hayek ex Kosanin 20/78, 20/7/ 

R 20/78 Albania 20/78 

V (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea spinosociliata Seeaus 20171 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

V Centaurea spinosociliata Seenus ssp. tommasinii 

(A. Kemer) Dostal /8264. 20/7/ 



-159- 



The 1997 ITJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Centaurea 

V IS264 Italy IS264 

R Centaurea spruneri BoUs. & Heldr. ssp. minoa 

(Heldr. ex Boiss.) Dostal 20730. 20171 

R 20730 Greece - Crete 20730 
R Centaurea stapfiana (Hand.-Mazz.) Wageniiz I2840 

R 12840 Turkey I2S40 
R Centaurea straminicephala Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
I Centaurea taliewii Kleopow iiS52. 201 7i 

I 5942 Russia (E.Europe) - South 5942 

I J9« Kazakhstan 5942 

I JM2 Ukraine - Crimea 5942 

R Centaurea tananica Maire 

R Morocco 

R Centaurea tardiflora Wagenitz I2840 

R 12840 Turkey /2SW 
R Centaurea tauromenitana Guss. ;«264. 20/7; 

R IS264 Italy - Sicily (Taormina) 20738 
E Centaurea tchihatcheffii Fisch. & Mey. ;2s.(0 

E ;2««) Turkey J2840 
R Centaurea theryi Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Centaurea tossiensis Freyn & Sint. ;2s.<o 

R /iS'W) Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea transiens Halacsy 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Centaurea triamularia Alden 

R Greece 

R Centaurea trichocephala M.Bieb. ex Willd. ssp. 

simonkaiana (Hayek) Dostal ;782J. 20171 

R 19949 Romania 2050 
Ex Centaurea tuntasiaHMr. ex Halicsy 20:71 

Ex 207J/ Greece 207j; 
R Centaurea vermiculigera Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R ;2«40 Turkey 12840 

V Centaurea wagenittzii Hub.-Mor. 12840 

V ;2SJ0 Turkey /2S'«) 

R Centaurea wettsteinii Degen & Dbrfl. 20; 7; 

R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Centaurea wiedemanniana Fisch. & Mey. ;2«.w 

R ;2S'(0 Turkey 12840 

R Centaurea woronowii Bomm. 12840 

R ;2«.<0 Turkey 12840 

V Centaurea xylobasis Rech.f. 207j; 

V 207j; Greece - East Aegean Is 207j; 

V Centaurea zeybekii Wagenitz 12840 

V 12840 Turkey 12840 

I Cen/aurea z/o/ariiryana Drum. & J.Wagner 20; 7/ 

1 Bulgana 

E Centaurodendron dracaenoides Johow 19116 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 
E Centaurodendron palmiforme Skoitsb. I9ii6 

E J9;2.S Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. ;9/;6 
I Centratherum courtallense (Wight) Benth. 

I India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

I Centratherum mayurii C. Fischer 

I India - Kamataka (Kemmangundi hills) 

I Centratherum ritchiei Hook.f. 



1 India - Kamataka (Canara & Concan) 

I Centratherum tenue C.B. Clarke 

I India - Kamataka (Concan) 

R Chaenactis alpigena C.w. Sharsmith 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Chaenactis artemisiifolia (Harvey & Gray ex Gray) 

Gray 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Chaenactis carphoclinia Gray var. peirsonii 

(Jepson) Munz 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Chaenactis cusickii Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Chaenactis glabriuscula DC. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Califomia 20850 
R Chaenactis nevadensis (KcUogg) Gray 20850 

I 20850 US - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Chaenactis santolinoides Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Chaenactis suffrutescens Gray 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Califomia 20850 

V Chaenactis thompsonii Cronq. 20S5o 

V 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Chaetanthera chiquianensis Ferreyra IS200 

V 12468 Peru ;S200 

V Chaetanthera cochlearifolia H. Robinson I8200 

V ;2468 Peru ;8200 

R Chaetanthera peruviana Gray ;8200 

R 12468 Peru /S200 
R Chaetanthera stuebelii Hieron. var. abreviata 

Cabrera 16336 

R /9«8 Argentina 16336 

R 20/76 Argentina - Jujuy 20/76 

R 20/76 Argentina - Tucuman 20176 

R Chaetopappa effusa (Gray) Shinners 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Chaetopappa elegans Soreng & Spellenberg 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
R Chaetopappa hersheyi Blake 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Chaptalia comptonioides Briiton & P. Wilson 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Granma) 5607 

R Chaptalia cordata Hieron. /8200 

R 12468 Peru 18200 

I Chaptalia eggersii Urban 5642 

1 Dominican Republic (Constanza: Valle Nuevo) 

56.<2 

V Chaptalia ekmanii Urban 5607 

V ;9/05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

V Chaptalia turquinensis Borh. & Muniz 5607 

V 79/05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

I Chaptalia vegaensis Urban & Ekman 5642 

I Dominican Republic (Bonao) 5642 

E Cheirolophus anagensis Santos 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

E Cheirolophus arboreus (Webb) Holub 20750 



-160- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Cheirolophus 

E 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 
R Cheirolophus argutus (Nees) Holub i5ios 

R 15105 Spain - Canary Is. I5I0S 
R Cheirolophus canariensis (Brouss. ex Willd.) 

Holub 20750 

R 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 
E Cheirolophus duranii (Burchard) Holub 14166 

E 15105 Spain - Canary Is. nS9l 
E Cheirolophus falcisectus Montelongo & Moralcda 20750 

E 15)05 Spam - Canary Is 15105 
E Cheirolophus ghomerythus (Svent.) Holub 14166 

E 14166 Spain - Canary Is. (La Gomera) 14166 

E Cheirolophus junonianus (Svent.) Holub I4i66 

E 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 7 789/ 
E Cheirolophus lagunae Olivares, Peris, Stubing & 

Martin 20700 
E 20700 Spam (near Javea, Valencia province) 

20700 

E Cheirolophus massonianus (Lowe) Hansen & 

Sunding I7S91 
E Portugal - Madeira 17891 

E Cheirolophus metlesicsii Montelongo 20750 

E 15105 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 

E Cheirolophus puntallanensis Santos 20750 

E 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 20750 

E Cheirolophus santosabreui Santos 20750 

E 15105 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

E Cheirolophus sataralaensis (Sveni.) Holub 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

E Cheirolophus sataralaensis (Svent.) Holub ssp. 

dariasi (Svent.) G.Kunkel 20750 
E Spam - Canary Is. 

R Cheirolophus sventenii (Santos) Kunkel ssp. gracilis 

Santos 20750 
R 20750 Spam • Canary Is. ;5;05 

V Cheirolophus sventenii (Santos) Kunkel ssp. 

sventenii 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. /5J05 

E Cheirolophus tagananensis (Svent.) Holub 10260 

E 14155 Spam • Canary Is. /0260 

V Cheirolophus webbianus (Schultz Hip.) Holub 20750 

V ;5;05 Spain • Canary Is. 15105 

V Chiliadenus lopadusanus BruUo 18264 

V 18264 Italy - Sicily 18264 

R Chondrilla setulosa Charke ex Hook. f. 14782 

R 14782 India • Jammu & Kashmir /•»7S2 

R Chondrilla spinosa Lamond et Matthews 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

E Chresta harleyi H. Robinson 20883 

I 20881 Brazil 20SSJ 

R Chromolaena heteroclinia (Griseb.) R. King & H. 

Robinson 20881 
R 20S8J Jamaica 20883 

R Chrysanthemum morii Hayata 205;; 

R 205;/ Taiwan 20511 
R Chrysanthemum nivellei Braun-Blanquet 

R Morocco 

R Chrysanthemum zawadskii Herbich ssp. coreanum 

(Nakai) Y.N. Lee 



R Korea, South (Ml Halla, Chejudo) 17577 

R Chrysanthemum zawadskii Herbich ssp. lucidum 

(Nakai) Y.N. Lee 
R Korea, South (Ulnungdo) /7577 

R Chrysophthalmum dichotomum Boiss. & Heldr. ;2«'<o 

R 12840 Turkey ;2«J0 

E Chrysopsis floridana Small 20S50 

E 20S50 U.S. - Florida (Hillsborough & Pinellas Co) 

20850 

V Chrysopsis godfreyi Semple 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Chrysopsis gossypina (Dress) Semple ssp. cruiseana 

(Dress) Semple 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

E Chrysothamnus eremobius L.C. Anders. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Chrysothamnus humilis Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Cahfomia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Chrysothamnus molestus (Blake) L.c. Anders. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • Arizona 20850 

£ Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Cronq.) Keck ssp. iridis 

L.C. Anders. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

E Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Cronq.) Keck ssp. 

psilocarpus (Blake) L.C.Anders. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Cronq.) Keck ssp. texensis 

L.C.Anders. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

E Chrysothamnus parryi L.c. Anders, ssp. montanus 

L.C. Anders. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Montana 20850 

R Chrysothamnus parryi ssp. salmonensis L.C. 

Anders. 20850 
R 20850 U.S. ■ Idaho 20850 

R Chrysothamnus spathulatus L.c Anders. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

V Chuquiraga erinacea Don ;6J22 

V /9-MS Argentina ;6J22 

R Chuquiraga johnstonii Tovar ;8200 

R ;2468 Peru 78200 

R Chuquiraga jussieuii Gmelin ;8200 

R ;8200 Peru 18200 

R Chuquiraga weberbaueri Tovar M200 

R ;2->68 Peru 18200 

R Cicerbita brevirostris (Schu.-Bip.exVis.&Panc) C. 

Jeffr 12840 
R 72840 Turkey 12840 

V Ciceronia chaptalioides Urban 5607 

V 79/05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

R Cineraria hederifolia Cron 20604 

R 20604 Sou* Africa - Transvaal 20604 
R Cirsium aduncum Fisch. & Mey. ex DC. ssp. 



-161- 



The 1997 tUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Cirsium 

bashkalense Davis &. Parris 12840 
R I2S40 Turkey I2S40 

R Cirsium aidzuense Nakai 10573 

R 10573 Japan 10573 

R Cirsium alatum (Gmelin) Bobrov ssp. pseudocreticum 

Davis & Parris /2S40 
R ;2««) Turkey /ZS-K) 
R Cirsium albescens Kitamura 205// 

R 205/7 Taiwan 205// 

R Cirsium alpis-lunae Br.-catt. & Gubell. 18264 

R 18264 Italy (Tuscany) 18264 
E Cirsium araneans Rydb. 20S50 

I 20S50 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R Cirsium arisanense Kitamura forma purpurescens 

Kitamura 2051] 

R 205;; Taiwan 20511 

R Cirsium bamebyi Welsh & Neese 208S0 

R 208J0 U.S. -Colorado 20S50 

V 20S50 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Wyoming 20S50 

R Cirsium ftaytopae P.H.Davis & Parris 12840.20171 

R ;2S>(0 Turkey (2840 
R Cirsium boluense Davis & Parris ;2««) 

R 12840 Turkey /2S'(0 

V Cirsium boninense Koidz. sojz 

V ;9;j.< Japan - Ogasawara-shoto S037 
R Cirsium boujartii (PUlcr & Mitterp.) 

Sch.Bip. ;7«2J. 20171 
R 20; 7S Albania 20178 
Ex 206S6 Hungary 20686 
R ;9947 Romania 206i; 

R Cirsium bourgaeanum Willk. 20/7; 

R Spain 

V Cirsium campylon H.K. Sharsmith 20S50 

V 20*50 U.S. - California 20850 

V Cirsium camiolicum Scop. ssp. rufescens (Raymond 

ex DC.) P.Foum. 20/7/ 

V 2052S France (Pyrenees-AUanliques) 20528 
R Cirsium cassium Davis & Parris 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Cirsium chanroenicum Nakai 75957 

R ;592i Korea, South (Ml Chin, Ml Kaya, Ml Choryong, Mt 
Sorak) 75957 

R Cirsium chikushiense Koidz. var. 

chikushiense 10573 

R ;057i Japan ;057J 

R Cirsium chikushiense Koidz. var. yakusimense 

(Masam.) Yahara ;057J 

R 10573 Japan ;057J 
R Cirsium chokaiense Kitam. ;o57J 

R ;057J Japan ;057J 
R Cirsium ciliolatum (Henderson) J.T. HoweU 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Cirsium clavatum (M.E. Jones) Petrak 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Cirsium clokeyi Blake 20550 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Cirsium confertissimum Nakai ;o57j 

R ;057i Japan ;057J 



V 
R 

R 
R 
E 



R 
R 
R 
R 

V 
E 



V 
R 
V 
R 
R 



R 
E 
E 



Cirsium crassicaule (Greene) Jepson 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Cirsium creticum (Lam.) D'Urv. ssp. dictaeum 

Greuter, Malthas & Risse 19121 
R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207J0 
Cirsium davisianum Kit Tan & Sorger 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Cirsium ducellieri Maire 

R Morocco 

Cirsium eatonii Welsh var. harrisonii 

Welsh 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Cirsium eatonii Welsh var. murdockii 

Webh 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Cirsium edule Nutt. 208SO 

I 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Washington 20850 

Cirsium eliasianum Kit Tan & Sorger 12840 

R 12S40 Turkey 12840 

Cirsium ellenbergii Bormn. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;28-» 
Cirsium epiroticum Petr. 20/7; 
R Greece 

Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop. ssp. chodati Rivas 

Mart., Diaz et al. 
R Spain 

Cirsium fontinale (Greene) Jepson 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Cirsium fontinale (Greene) Jepson var. 
fontinale 208SO 

E 20850 U.S. . California 20850 

Cirsium fontinale (Greene) Jepson var. obispoense 

J.T. HoweU 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
Cirsium gaditanum Talav. & B. Valdes 

V 20664 Spain (Cadiz, Malaga) 20664 

Cirsium ganjuense Kitam. 10573 

R 10573 Japan ;057J 

Cirsium griseum (Rydb.) K. Schum. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

Cirsium hakkiaricum Davis & Parris /2S«) 
R ;28«) Turkey ;2840 
Cirsium hillii (Canby) Fem. 20850. 14352 
R 20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Illinois 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Indiana 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Iowa 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Minnesota 20850 
I 20S50 U.S. - New York 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Ohio 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 

Cirsium hosokawae Kitamura 205;; 
R 20511 Taiwan 205// 

Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jepson 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jepson var. 



-Ui2- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Cirsium 

hydrophilum 208S0 

E 20SS0 U.S. - California 20850 

E Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jepson var. vaseyi 

(Gray) J.T. Howell 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

R Cirsium inudatum Makino var. homolepis (Nakai) 

Kitam. 10573 
R 10573 Japan 10573 
R Cirsium japonicum DC. var. takaoense 

Kitamura 20511 
R 20511 Taiwan 20511 

R Cirsium kamtschaticum Ledeb. ssp. apoiense (Nakai) 

Kitam. 10573 
R W573 Japan ;057J 
R Cirsium kirbense Pomel /o-fss 

R 14958 Algeria /0-<«S 

V Cirsium latifolium Lowe ;7«9; 

V Portugal - Madeira 17891 

V Cirsium loncholepis Petrak 20SJ0 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Cirsium longistylum Moore & Frankton 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

V Cirsium lucens Kitam. var. opacum 

Kitam. 10573 

V ;057i Japan /057J 

R Cirsium magofukui Kitam. /057J 

R ;057J Japan ;057J 
R Cirsium mairei Halacsy 2oni 

R Greece 

V Cirsium modestum (Osterhout) Cockerel! 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V Cirsium mohavense (Greene) Petrak 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Cirsium morinifolium Boiss. & Heldr. 20/7/ 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 207iO 

V Cirsium occidentale (Nutt.) Jepson var. compactum 

Hoover 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Cirsium oreophilum (Rydb.) K. Schum. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. -Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Cirsium osterhoutii (Rydb.) Petrak 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R Cirsium ownbeyi Welsh 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

E Cirsium parryi C. Schaack & G. Goodwin ssp. 

mogollonicum C. Schaack & G. Goodwin 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20S50 
R Cirsium pastoris J.T. Howell 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Cirsium perplexans (Rydb.) Petrak 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
R Cirsium pitcheri (Torr. ex Eat.) Torr. & Gray 20850, 

15046 
E 15046 Canada J50« 



V 20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. • Illinois 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - Indiana 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 

R Cirsium poluninii Davis & Parris 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

V Cirsium polycephalum DC. ;28'»o. 201 71 

V ;28W Turkey 12840 

R Cirsium pubigerum (Desf.) DC. var. paphlabonicum 

Petrak ;2840 
R ;28'(0 Turkey /28-W) 
R Cirsium quercetorum (Gray) Jepson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Cirsium rhinoceros Nakai forma albiflorum 

Sakata 75957 

V Korea, South (Mt Halla) ;5957 

V Cirsium rhothophilum Blake 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Cirsium rosulatum Talav. & B. Valdes 

R //./se Spain 11496 
E Cirsium rusbyi (Greene) Petrak 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V Cirsium scapanolepis Petrak 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V Cirsium SCOpulorum (Greene) Cockerell ex 

Daniels 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

R Cirsium setidens Nakai 75957 

R /592i Korea, South (Mt Pukhan, Mt Namsan, Inchon) 
75957 

R Cirsium sieboldii Miq. ssp. austrokiushianum 

Kitam. 10573 
R ;057i Japan ;057J 

R Cirsium simplex C.A. Meyer ssp. satdaghense Davis 

& Parris ;2S.»0 
R /28'(0 Turkey ;28.<0 

R Cirsium sipyleum O. Schwarz i2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S-«l 

R Cirsium tioganum (Congd.) Petrak 20850 

20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
20850 U.S. - California 20850 
20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
20850 U.S. ■ Nevada 20850 
20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 
20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Ex Cirsium toyoshimae Koidz. 80J8 

Ex ;9;J4 Japan • Ogasawara-shoto 8038 

V Cirsium vinaceum Woot. & Standi. 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico (Sacramento Mts, Oiero Co.) 

20850 

V Cirsium virginense Welsh 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Cirsium wheeleri (Gray) Petrak 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Cirsium wrightii Gray 20S50 



-163- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Cirsium 



E 20450 U.S. 
I 20450 U.S. 



Arizona 20SJ0 
New Mexico 20*50 



E 
E 
E 
E 
R 
R 

Ex 
R 
Ex 
R 



R 
R 
V 
R 

V 
E 



R 
V 



Cladochaeta candidissima (M. Bieb.) DC. sooi 

1 5942 Russia - North Caucasus 5942 
I 5942 Azerbaijan 5942 

Clibadium pilonicum stuessy 20SS3. 9006 

R 9006 Panama 20SS3 

Clibadium rimachii H. Robinson 20883 

I 20S8J Peru 20««J 

Clibadium subauriculatum Stuessy 20S8j. 9006 

I 208S3 Panama 20883 
Clibadium zarUCChii H. Robinson 20S83 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

Colobogyne langbianensis Gagnepain 6057 
R 209S5 Viemam 6057 
Comborhiza longipes (K.Bremer) Anderb. & 

K.Bremer 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Commidendrum burchellii (Hook.f.) Hemsley IS996 
Ex 18996 St Helena 18996 
Commidendrum robustum DC. ;o260 
R 78996 St Helena ;«996 

Commidendrum rotundifolium (Roxb.) DC. ;5;;2 

Ex /8996 St Helena M996 
Commidendrum rugosum DC. ;o260 

R 18996 St Helena 78996 
Commidendrum spurium DC. ;o260 

E ;«996 St Helena 78996 

Coreocarpus parthenioides var. involutus (f,. L. 
Greene) E. B. Smith 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20SSJ 

Coreopsis bigelovii (Gray) Hall 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Coreopsis calliopsidea (DC.) Gray 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Coreopsis cuneifolia Greenman 9706 

V 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

Coreopsis douglasii (DC.) Hall 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Coreopsis hamiltonii (Ebner) H.K. Sharsmith 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Coreopsis integrifolia Poir. 208S0 

E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

Coreopsis intermedia Sherff 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Coreopsis latifolia Michx. 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ North Carolina 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

Coreopsis maritima (Nutt.) Hook. f. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 

Coreopsis pulchra Boynt. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

Coreopsis rosea Nutt. 20S50 3064 



V 20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Massachusens 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Jersey 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Rhode Is. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

R Coreopsis stillmanii (Gray) Blake 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Corethrogyne califomica DC. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 US, - Oregon 20850 

E Corethrogyne filaginifolia (Hook. & Am.) Nutt. var. 

incana (Nutt.) Canby 20S50 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 

E Corethrogyne filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt. var. 

linifolia Hall 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • California 20850 
I Corymbium theileri Markotter 20604 

1 2060'« South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

Ex Cosmos atrosanguineus stapf ;9605 

Ex 79605 Mexico 79605 

R Cosmos linearifolius (Schultz-Bip.) Hemsley var. 

magnificus Sherff 14294 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

R Cotula albida D. Lloyd 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

R Cotula calcarea D. Lloyd 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

E Cotula dioica Hook.f. ssp. monoica D. 

Lloyd 

E New Zealand - North Is. 

R Cotula dispersa D. Lloyd ssp. rupestris D. 

Lloyd 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

E Cotu/a/co/Aersronii F. Muell. ex Hook.f. 86 

E New Zealand - Chatham Is. 

V Cotula filiformis Hook.f. 

V New Zealand - South Is. 
I Cotula intermedia D. Lloyd 

I New Zealand - South Is. 

I Cotula myriophylloides Harv. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Cotula nana D. Lloyd 86 

E New Zealand - South Is. 

R Cotula pyrethrifolia Hook.f. var. linearifolia 

Cheeseman 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

E Cotula rotundata (Cheeseman) D. Lloyd 86 

E New Zealand - North Is. 

R Cousinia agelocephala Tschemeva 

R fonner USSR 6930 

R Cousinia androssovii Juz. 

R former USSR 69iO 

R Cousinia aucheri DC. 72S40 

R 72840 Turkey 72840 

I Cousinia badhysi Kult. 5942 



-164- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Compositae: Cousinia 

I 5942 Turkmenistan 5942 

R Cousinia cataonica Boiss. & Hausskn. I2S40 

R I2S40 Turkey 12S40 

R Cousinia cirsioides Boiss. & Bal. i2840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S<0 
R Cousinia davisiana Hub.-Mor. I2840 

R ;2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Cousinia decolorans Freyn & Sini. /2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey /28'»0 

R Cousinia eleonorae Hub.-Mor. i2840 

R /2S<0 Turkey 12840 

R Cousinia ermenekensis Hub.-Mor. i2840 

R ;28.»0 Turkey 12840 

R Cousinia euphratica Hub.-Mor. i284o 

R ;2S'«) Turkey /2840 

I Cousinia falconeri Hook.f. 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

R Cousinia grandifolia Kult. S942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (south) 5942 

R Cousinia hakkarica Hub.-Mor. i284o 

R 12840 Turkey /2S-<0 

V Cousinia halysensis Hub.-Mor. 12840 

V ;28.(0 Turkey 12840 

V Cousinia intertexta Freyn & Sini. /2«'(o 

V 12840 Turkey ;2«-<0 ;- 

R Cousinia margiana Juz. 

R former USSR 6930 

R Cousinia nabelekii Bornm. i2840 

R /2S'«) Turkey 12840 
E Cousinia platystegia Tschemeva 

E former USSR 6930 

E Cousinia pseudolanata Popov & Tschemeva 

E former USSR 6930 

R Cousinia satdagensis Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2840 

R Cousinia sintenisii Freyn /2S'(o 

R /2S«) Turkey 12840 

R Cousinia sivasica Hub.-Mor. i2S4o 

R ;2S-«) Turkey 12840 

R Cousinia vanensis Hub.-Mor. ;28«i 

R ;2S-H) Turkey /2840 

R Cousinia vavilovii Kult. 59« 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (south-east border with Kyrgyzstan) 

5942 
R 5942 Kyrgyzstan (border with Kazakhstan) 5942 

R Cousinia woronowii Bomm. i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 72840 
R Craspedia alba Everett & Thompson 2068/ 

I 2068; Australia - New South Wales 2068; 
I 2068; Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

R Craspedia leucantha F.Muell. 206«/ 

R 2068! Australia - New South Wales 20681 

E Cremanthodium amicoides (Wallich) ex DC.) R. 

Good ;4768 
E India - Jammu & Kashmir (Apharwat) 14768 

Ex Crepidiastrum ameristophyllum (Koidz.) Nakai soj7 

Ex 15112 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 80J7 
Ex Crepidiastrum grandicollum (Koidz.) Nakai aos? 

Ex 15112 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8037 



R Crepidiastrum lanceolatum (Houtt.) Nakai forma 

batakanensis (Kitamura) Kitamura 205;; 
R 205;; Taiwan 20511 

V Crepidiastrum linguaefolium (Gray) Nakai 8048 

V 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8048 

R Crepis albanica (Jav.) Babe. 2o;78. 20171 

R 20; 78 Albania 20; 78 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

R Crepis albescens Kuv. ei Demid. 20085. 21309 

R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 20085 
R Crepis amanica Bobcock ;2S40 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 
R Crepis athoa Boiss. 201 7/ 

R Greece 

R Crepis aurea (L.) Cass. ssp. olympica (C. Koch) 

Lamond ;2840 

R 72840 Turkey 12840 

V Crepis bakeri Babcock & Stebbins ssp. idahoensis 

Babcock & Stebbins 20850 

V 20850 US. ■ Idaho 20850 

R Crepis baldaccii Haiicsy 20178.20171 

R 20; 78 Albania 207 78 
R Greece 

R Crepis bertiscea Jav. 2017s. 20171 

R 20;78 Albania 20178 
R Crepis bithynica Boiss. 5204.20171 

R 5204 Bulgaria (Southern - two sites) 5204 

V Crepis canariensis (Schultz Hip.) Babe. 20750 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is, 15105 

E Crepis claryi Battand. 10488 

E 14958 Algena 70488 
E Crepis crocifolia Boiss. & Heldr. 8000. 20171 

E Greece (south • Taiyetos) 8000 

R Crepis divaricata (Lowe) F.W. Schultz 20777 

R Portugal - Madeira 

I Portugal - Salvage Is. 

E Crepis faureliana Maire 70488 

E 74958 Algena 1048S 

R Crepis fontiana Babe. 

R Morocco 

V Crepis granatensis (WUlk.) G. Blanca & M. 

Cueto 7 7897 

V 77496 Spain (Mts of Jaen ci Granada) 77897 
R Crepis guioliana Babe. 20171 

R Greece 

R Crepis hakkarica Lamond 12840 

R 72840 Turkey 12840 
R Crepis heldreichiana (Kuntze) Greuter 

R Greece 

R Crepis hookeriana Ball 

R Morocco 

I Crepis libyca (Pampan.) Babe. 

I Egypt 

V Libya 

R Crepis litardierei Emberger 

R Morocco 

R Crepis monticola Coville 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 



-165- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Crepis 

R Crepis noronhaea Babe. 

R Portugal - Madeira 

R Crepis pawlowskii strid 

R Greece 

R Crepis pusilla iSommier) Merxm. 13351. 20171 

R Greece 

R U3SI Malta I33SI 
R 20076 Portugal 20076 
R Spain - Balearic Is. 

R Crepis suffreniana (T)C.)]X\oyd 2oni 

I France 

R Italy 

E Cronquistianthus loxensis R. M. King & H. 

Robinson 20S«J 
I 20S83 Ecuador 20)83 
R Cullumia pectinata (Thunb.) Less. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Cyathocline lutea Law ex Wight /'(782 

R I47S2 India - Kamalaka 14782 
R /'(7S2 India - Maharashtra 14782 

E Cylindrocline commersonii Cass. ;oos2 

E 2077; Maunlius 10082 
E Cylindrocline lorencei A.J. Scott ;oos2 

E 2077/ Mauntius 10082 

V Dahlia nipicola Sorensen 9553 

V ;-<2M Mexico - Durango 9553 

R Dahlia scapigera (A. Dietr.) KnowL & Wesic. 9553 

R 79755 Mexico 955J 
R Dahlia tenuicaulis Sorensen 955J 

R ;9S50 Mexico (north eastern) 9553 
E Damnxanthodium calvum (Greenman) Strother 20SSJ 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Darwiniothamnus altemifolius Lawesson & 

Adsersen 12250 

V 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos }2250 

R Darwiniothamnus lancifolius (Hook.f.) Harling ssp. 

glabrisculus Lawesson & Adsersen 11117 
R Ecuador - Galapagos (V. Sierra Negra, Isabela) 

11117 

I Darwiniothamnus lenuifolius (Hook.f.) Harling 11117 

I Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

R Dasyphyllum excelsum (D. Don) Cabr. 20883. 15088 

I 20883 Chile 20SS3 

I £>e/i7ia I'ne/egan^ (Hook.f.) Kunize lun 

I Ecuador - Galapagos (Floreana) 11117 

R Dendranthema japonicum (Makino) Kitam. var. 

wakasaense (Shimolomai) Kitam. ;057J 
R ;057i Japan 10573 

I Dendranthema sinuatum (Ledeb.) Tsveiev 5942 

I 5942 Russia (Siberia) - Altai 5942 
I 5W2 Russia (Siberia) - Tuva 5942 

R Dendranthema yoshinaganthum (Makino & Kitam.) 

Kitam. 10573 
R /057J Japan 10573 

V Dendrocacalia crepidifolia Nakai sojs 

V ;9/J.< Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 8038 

E Dendroseris berteriana Hook. & Am. J9;;6 

E /9;25 Chile -Juan Fernandez Is. I9II6 

E Dendroseris gigantea Johow ;9;;6 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9;;6 



V Dendroseris litoralis Skottsb. 20883, 19116 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9;;6 

V 20883 Chile 20883 

E Dendroseris macrantha (Bertero ex Decne.) 

Skottsb. 19116 
E 79/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 
E Dendroseris macrophylla D. Don 19116 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Dendroseris marginata (Bert, ex Decne.) Hook. & 

Am. 19116 

V 19125 Chile ' Juan Fernandez Is. ;9;/6 

V Dendroseris micrantha Hook, et Am. 19116 

V ;9;/6 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

E Dendroseris neriifolia (Dene.) H. et A. 20883. 19116 

E / 9/25 Chile -Juan Fernandez Is. ;9//6 
E 20883 Chile 20883 

E Dendroseris pinnata Hook, el \rD. 191 16 

E /9/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Dendroseris pruinata Skottsb. 191 16 

V /9/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. /9//6 

E Dendroseris regia Skottsb. /9;/6 

E 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

I Desmanthodium hondurcnse A. Molina 9059 

I 97J0 Honduras 9039 

V Dicoma cana Balf. f. 15534 

V 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 

V Dicoma niccolifera Wild 608S 

V 60S* Zimbabwe 60SS 

V Dicoria wetherillii Eastw. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20S50 

E Diplostephium santamartae Cuair. 20883 

I 20883 Colombia 20883 

E Diplostephium serratifolium Cuatr. 20883 

I 20«8J Peni 20J8J 

V Distephanus populifolia (Lam.) Cass. 10082 

V 2077/ Mauntius 10082 

R Doronicum balansae Cavili. ;28«) 

R /28«) Turkey 12840 
R Doronicum bithyrticum Edmondson 12840 

R /2840 Turkey /2S-<0 

R Doronicum cacaliifolium Boiss. & Heldr. /2840 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 

R Doronicum cataractarum Widder 20/7/ 

R Austria 

R Doronicum haussknechtii Cavili. /2««) 

R /2S'<0 Turkey 12840 
R Doronicum macrolepis Freyn & Sini. /2s«) 

R 12840 Turkey /2840 

V Doronicum plantagineum L. ssp. 

toumefortii i789i 

V 20076 Portugal 20076 

R Doronicum reticulatum Boiss. /2««) 

R 12840 Turkey ;28«) 
R Doronicum tobeyi J.R. Edmondson /2840 

R 12840 Turkey /2««) 
E Dresslerothamnus angustiradiatus Rob. 20««j. /0747 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Dresslerothamnus gentryi h. Robinson 2os8j 

I 20883 Colombia 208S3 



-166- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoiiopsida (dicots): Compositae; Dresslerothamnus 

E Dresslerothamnus peperomioides H. Robinson 20SS3 

I 208S3 Panama 208S3 
E Dubautia arborea (Gray) Keck losio. 14209 

E 20850 U S, - Hawaii 20SS0 

V Dubautia dolosa (O. Deg. & Shcrfl) G.D. Carr 20850. 

14209 

I 20850 US • Hawaii (East Maui) 20850 
E Dubautia herbstobatae G.D. Carr 20850. 14209 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Wai'anae Mts.) 
20*50 

E Dubautia imbricata St. John & G.D. Carr 20850. /•»209 

I 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

E Dubautia imbricata St. John & G.D. Carr ssp. 

acronaea G.D. Carr 20850. 14209 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

E Dubautia imbricata St. John & G.D. Carr ssp. 

imbricata 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Dubautia knudsenii Hbd. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Dubautia knudsenii Hillebr. ssp. filiformis G.D. 

Carr 20850. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

E Dubautia knudsenii HUlebr. ssp. 

knudsenii 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Dubautia knudsenii HUlebr. ssp. nagatae (St. 

John) G.D. Carr 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 
E Dubautia laevigata Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Dubautia latifolia (Gray) Keck 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

R Dubautia linearis (Gaud.) D. Keck ssp. hillebrandii 

(Mann) G.D. Carr 20850. 14209 
I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Dubautia microcephala Skottsberg 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Dubautia microcephala Skottsb. var. 

microcephala 14209 
R y«09 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) /«09 
R Dubautia paleata Gray 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 
E Dubautia pauciflorula St. John & G.D. Carr 20850. 

14209 
E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (kaua'i) 20850 
E Dubautia plantaginea Gaud. ssp. humilis G. 

Carr 20850. M209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (West Maui) 20850 

V Dubautia platyphylla (Gray) Keck 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Maui) 20850 

V Dubautia raillardioides Hbd. 20850. /«09 

I 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

V Dubautia reticulata (Sherff) Keck 20850. 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Maui) 20850 
E Dubautia sherffiana Fosberg 20S50. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Wai'anae Mts.) 
20850 

E Dubautia waialealae Rock 208S0 



R 
R 
R 
V 



R 

E 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 
V 
R 

E 
R 
V 
R 



E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 

Dymondia margaretae Compton 20604 
R 2060J South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Dyssodia gentryi M. Johnston 14294 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

Eastwoodia elegans Brandeg. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Echinacea laevigata (C.L. Boynt. & Beadle) 

Blake 20850, 15014 
Ex 15014 U.S. - Alabama 15014 
Ex 15014 U.S. - Arkansas 15014 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia (Stephens Co.) 20850 
Ex 15014 U.S. - Maryland /50;4 
E 20850 U.S. -Nonh Carolina (Durham & Granville 

Co.) 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - South Carolina (Oconee Co.) 
20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Virginia (Pulaski. Montgomery, Campbell & Gran 

Counties) 20850 

Echinacea paradoxa Britton var. neglecta R.L. 

McGregor 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 

Echinacea paradoxa Britton var. 
paradoxa 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - Missouri 20850 

Echinacea simulata R.L. McGregor 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Indiana 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Missouri 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Tennessee 20850 

Echinacea tennesseensis (Beadle) Small 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. -Tennessee 20850 
Echinops emiliae O. Schwarz ex Davis 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
Echinops melitenensis Hedge & Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Echinops onopordum Davis 12840 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 

Echinops pungens Trautv. var. adenoclados 
Hedge 12840 

R ;2W0 Turkey 12840 
Echinops saissanicus (B. Keller) Bobrov 5942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (east) 5942 
Echinops spinoSUS sensu Hayek, non L. 2077/ 

R Italy - Sicily 

Echinops vaginatus Boiss. & Hausskn. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey ;2840 
Ekmania lepidota (Griseb.) Gleas. 5607 

■V 19105 Cuba (Guanuinamo) 5607 
Elachanthus glaber Paul G.Wilson 2068; 

I 20681 Australia - South Australia 20681 

I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 20687 

Elephantopus arenarius Britton & P. Wilson 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio; I. Juvenmd) 5607 

Elytropappus hispidus (L.f.) Druce 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Embergeria grandifolia (Kirk) Boulos 86 

V 19305 New Zealand - Chatham Is. 19106 
Encelia hispida Andersson inn 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 1UI7 



-167- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Encelia 

R Encelia scaposa (Gray) Gray 208S0 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20SS0 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

V Enceliopsis covillei (A. NeU.) Blake 20sso 

V 208M U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20S50 

V Enceliopsis nudicaulis (A.Gray) Nelson var. 

COrrugata Cronq. 2O850 

V 20S50 us. -Nevada 20S50 

E Epaltes mattfeldii Urban 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
E Eremanthus argenteus MacLeish & Schumacher 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 208Si 

E Eremanthus auriculatUS MacLeish & Schumacher 20883 

I 208SJ Brazil 20SSJ 

V Eremanthus graciellae MacLeish & Schumacher 20883 

I 20SSJ Brazil 20S8i 

V Eremanthus rondoniensis MacLeish & Schumacher 20883 

I 2088J Brazil 20883 
E Eremanthus seidelii MacLeish & Schumacher 208SJ 

I 208SJ Brazil 20883 

V Eremanthus uniflorus MacLeish & Schumacher 2088J 

I 208SJ Brazil 20883 

V Ericameria cervina (S.Watson) Rydb. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Anzona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Ericameria crispa (L.C. Anders.) Nesom 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Ericameria cuneata (Gray) McClatchie var. 

macrocephala Urbatsch 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Ericameria discoidea var. linearis (Rydb.) 

Nesom 20850 
R 20850 U.S. • Montana 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Ericameria ericoides (Less.) Jepson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Ericameria fasciculata (Eastw.) j.F.Mzcbr. 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 

V Ericameria gilmanii (Blake) Nesom 2085o 

V 20S50 U.S. - California 20850 

V Ericameria palmeri (Gray) Hall var. palmeri 

Gray 20SSJ. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • California 20850 
I 2088i Mexico 20883 

V Ericameria pinifolia (Gray) Hall 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Ericameria riskindii Turner & Langford 208S3. 10349 

I 20SS3 Mexico 20SSJ 
? Mexico - Coahuila 10349 

V Ericameria zxonis (L.C. Anders.) Nesom 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Erigeron abajoensis Cronq. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
E Erigeron acomanus Spellenberg & P. Knight 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • New Mexico 20850 

V Erigeron aequifolius Hall 208SO 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Erigeron algidus Jepson 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 



I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R Erigeron allocotus Blake 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Erigeron anchana Nesom 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Erigeron arenarioides (D.C. Eat. ex Gray) Gray ex 

Rydb. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Utah 20850 

E Erigeron arizonicus Gray 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E Erigeron awapensis Welsh 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Erigeron barbellulatus Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Erigeron basalticus Hoover 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Erigeron blochmaniae Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Erigeron breweri Gray \ar. jacinteus (Hall) 

Cronq. 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Erigeron cabrerae Dittrich ;75J0 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /5;05 

R Erigeron Candidas Widder 20/7; 

R Austna 

E Erigeron carringtoniae Welsh 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Erigeron compositus Pursh ;;552 

I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Kamchatka 5942 
I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Magadan 5942 
R 20085 Russia (E.Europe) - North 20085 

R Erigeron consimilis Cronq. 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Erigeron cronquistii Maguire 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Erigeron darrellianus Hemsley 

R Bermuda 

E Erigeron decumbens Nuti. var. 

decumbens 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

I Erigeron domingensis Urban 56« 

I Dominican Republic 5642 

R Erigeron eatonii strother & Ferlatte var. lavandulus 

Sirother & Ferlatte 20S50 
R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Erigeron elatior (Gray) Greene 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Erigeron engelmannii (Cronq.) Cronq. var. davisii 

(Cronq.) Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20S50 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Erigeron 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
R Erigeron flettii G.N. Jones 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Erigeron frigidus Boiss. ex DC. 15398. 2oni 

V 20874 Spam (Sierra Nevada) IS398 

I Erigeron fuertesii Urban 5642 

I Dominican Republic 5642 

V Erigeron garrettii A. Nels. 208jo 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Erigeron gilensis Woot. & Standi. 2os50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

E Erigeron goodrichii Welsh 20«jo 

E 20850 US. - Utah 20SJ0 

V Erigeron heliographis Nesom 20«50 



E 
V 
V 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



Arizona 20850 
New Mexico 20850 



Erigeron hessii Nesom 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

Erigeron howellii Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Erigeron hultenii Spongberg 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Alaska 20850 
Erigeron hyssopifolius Michx. var. villicaulis 

Fern. 20850. 1014 
E 20850 Canada - Newfoundland (Island) 20850 
E 20850 Canada - Quebec 20850 

Erigeron incertus (Urv.) Skottsb. 
R Falkland Is. 

Erigeron ingae Skoitsb. I9ii6 

E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19/16 

Erigeron jonesii Cronq. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Erigeron kachinensis Welsh & Moore 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Erigeron kuschei Eastw. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
Erigeron lanatus Hook. 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 

V 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Yukon Territory 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • Montana 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Erigeron lassenianus Greene 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Erigeron lotus (A. Nels. & J.F. Macbr.) Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Erigeron leibergii Piper 20850, ;o7o; 
E 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Erigeron lemmonii Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • Anzona 20850 

Erigeron libanensis Urban 5607 

V }9I05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
Erigeron maguirei Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 



E 

R 

V 

Ex/E 

R 

V 
R 
V 

E 
R 



I 
R 

E 
E 
V 

V 
V 
V 
V 



Erigeron maguirei Cronq. var. harrisonii 

Welsh 20850. 11630 

20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Erigeron maguirei Cronq. var. maguirei 208SO 

20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Erigeron major (Boiss.) Werh. 20171 

R Spain 

Erigeron mancus Rydb. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Erigeron mariposanus Congdon 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Erigeron melanocephalus (A. Nels.) A. Nels. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Wyoming 20850 

Erigeron mimeglete^ Shinners 208S0 

V 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

Erigeron miyabeanus Taiew. & Kimura ;o57j 

R 10573 Japan /057i 
Erigeron muirii Gray 20850. 1034. 21309 

E 20850 Canada ■ Yukon Territory 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Alaska 20850 

Erigeron multiceps Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Erigeron nanus Schur sooo, 20171 

R Czech Republic 8000 

R M2/6 Poland (Tatry Mts.) 18216 



19947 Romania 19417 
19321 Slovakia 19321 



Erigeron nematophyllus Rydb. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Erigeron ochroleucus Null. var. 

ochroleucus 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
R 20850 U.S. -Montana 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - South Dakota 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Erigeron ocoensis Urban 5642 

I Dominican Republic 5642 

Erigeron oreganus Gray 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Erigeron ovinus Cronq. 208SO 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
Erigeron oxyphyllus Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
Erigeron pollens Cronq. 20850 
1 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
I 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Mackenzie 20850 

Erigeron paolii Gamisans /5080 

V 15080 France - Corsica 15080 
Erigeron parishii Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Erigeron paucilobus Urban 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

Erigeron peregrinus (Blake ex J.W. Thompson) Cronq. var. 
thompsonii (Blake ex J.W. Thompson) Cronq. 20850 



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The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Erigeron 

V 208S0 U.S. - Washington 20SS0 
E Erigeron philadelphicus (Victorin & Rouss.) Boivin var. 

provancheri (Victorin & Rouss.) Boivin 20850 

I 20S50 Canada - Ontario 208S0 
E 20850 Canada ■ Quebec 20850 



V 

E 
R 

V 
I 
E 



V 

V 

E 
R 
V 

V 

V 

R 

V 

I 

R 



I 20850 U.S. 

I 20850 U.S. 



New York 20850 
Vermont 20850 



Erigeron pinnatisectus (Gray) A. Nek. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Wyoming 20850 

Erigeron piperianus Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 
Erigeron piscaticus Nesom 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

Erigeron pringlei Gray 20850 

R 20S50 U.S. - Anzona 20S50 
Erigeron proselyticus Nesom 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

Erigeron psilocaulis Urban 56-<2 

I Dominican Repubhc 5642 

Erigeron pulchellus Michaux var. tolsteadii 

Cronq. 20850 

20850 U.S. - Minnesota 20S50 
Erigeron pygmaeus (Gray) Greene 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

Erigeron radicatus Hook. 20850. 2063 
E 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 

V 20S50 Canada • Saskatchewan 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Dakota 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Erigeron rapensis F.Brown 20845 

1 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 
20845 

Erigeron religiosus Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Erigeron rhizomatus Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico (McKinley & Catron Co.) 

20850 

Erigeron rupicola Philippi I9i!6 
E ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. I9II6 

Erigeron rybius Nesom 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

Erigeron salishii G.W. Douglas & Packer 20850. 14410 
E 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Washington 20850 

Erigeron salmonensis S.J. Bninsfeld & Nesom 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

Erigeron saxatilis Nesom 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
Erigeron setosus (Benlh.) M.Gray 2068; 

R 206S; Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
Erigeron sionis Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
Erigeron subalpinus Urban 5642 

I Dominican Republic 5642 

Erigeron subglaber Cronq. 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 



E Erigeron supplex Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
E Erigeron taylori Britton & P. Wilson 5607 

E Cuba (Santiago de Cuba) 5607 

R Erigeron thunbergii A.Gray var. angustifolius 

(Tatew.) Hara ;057J 

R /057J Japan 10573 

V Erigeron trifidus Hook. 20«50. issa2 

V 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 

E 20850 Canada - British Columbia 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 

I Erigeron tuerckheimii Urb. 19408. 10260 

I y9J08 Dominican Republic 1940S 
R Erigeron uncialis (Blake) Cronq. ssp. conjugans 

(Blake) Cronq. 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E Erigeron untermannii Welsh & Goodrich 20850. ii630 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Erigeron utahensis Gray var. sparsifolius (Eastw.) 

Cronq. 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

I Erigeron vegaensis Urb. ;9.«)8. ;o260 

I 19408 Dominican Republic J9408 

E Erigeron wilkenii O'Kane 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
E Erigeron zothecinus Welsh 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Eriophyllum ambiguum (Gray) Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Eriophyllum congdonii Brandeg. 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Eriophyllum lanatum (Pursh) James Forbes var. Aa//ii 

Constance 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. - California 20850 
R Eriophyllum lanatum (Pursh) Forbes var. obovatum 

(Greene) Hall 20S50 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Eriophyllum latilobum Rydb. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Eriophyllum mohavense (I.M. .Johnston) Jepson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Eriophyllum nevinii Gray 20850 

V 20850 US. - California 20850 

V Eriophyllum nubigenum Greene ex Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Eriophyllum tanacetiflorum Greene 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Erlangea westii wild 7754 

R Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7754 

I Erythrocephalum niasssae wud 792J 

I Mozambique 792J 

V Eupalorium anomalum Nash 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 



20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
20850 U.S. ■ South Carolina 20850 



-170- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Eupatorium 

R Eupatorium atroglandulosum Alain 5607 

R 19105 Cuba (Sancti Spiritus) 5607 

R Eupatorium betonicifolium P. Mill, losso 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20*50 
E Eupatorium bigelovii Gray 20883. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Eupatorium borinquense (Britt.) B.L. Robins. 20883 

I 20883 Pueno Rico 20883 

V Eupatorium breviflorum Alain 5607 

V /9;05 Cuba (Pmar del Rio) 5607 

E Eupatorium chalceorithales Robins. 

E /9;05 Cuba 19105 

I Eupatorium constanzae Urban 56« 

I Dominican Republic (Constanza) 5642 

V Eupatorium contortum CD. Adams 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 13336 

I Eupatorium cordifolium Sw. /ijjs 

I 13336 Jamaica 13336 

I Eupatorium correlliorum Plettman 

I •<650 Bahamas 4650 

V Eupatorium critoniforme Urb. var. pubescens 

C.D.Adams 13336 

V }3336 Jamaica 13336 

V Eupatorium dolphini Urb. ;iJJ6 

V ;J867 Jamaica (Hanover, Dolphin Head) 13336 

Ex/E Eupatorium droserolepis B.L. Robins. 20883. 14662 
I 2O8SJ Pueno Rico 20883 

V Eupatorium frustratum B.L. Robins. 20«50 

I 20S50 U.S. - Flonda 20S50 

R Eupatorium hammatocladum Robins. & Brition 13336 

R ;JJJ6 Jamaica ;jji6 

V Eupatorium hardwarense Proctor ex Adams 13336 

V }3336 Jamaica 13336 

V Eupatorium hartii Urb. 13336 

V /JJi6 Jamaica ;iJi6 

I Eupatorium heterosquameum Urban 56« 

I Dominican Republic (Jimani) 5642 

I Eupatorium imbricatum (Griseb.) Urban 5607 

I ;9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

E Eupatorium leucolepis (DC.) Torr. & A.Gray var. 

novae-angliae Fern. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Massachusetts 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Rhode Is. 20850 

I Eupatorium nervosum Sw. 13336 

I /iJJ6 Jamaica 13336 

V Eupatorium oligadenium Alain 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

E Eupatorium oteroi Monachino 20S83 

1 20SSJ Pueno Rico (Mona) 20883 

R Eupatorium platychaetum Urb. 13336 

R /JJJ6 Jamaica 13336 
R Eupatorium resinosum Torr. ex DC. 20S50 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Delaware 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Jersey 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Soudi Carolina 20850 

R Eupatorium rigidum Sw. ;ijj6 



R 13336 Jamaica 13336 

V Eupatorium schizanthum Griseb. 13336 

V ;9890 Jamaica (John Crow Peak) ;9i89 

V Eupatorium tetranthum Griseb. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 13336 

R Eupatorium yakushimense Masam. & Kitam. ;o57i 

R ;057i Japan ;057J 

R Euryops brevilobus Compton 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Euryops brevipes B.Nord. 20604 

R 206O.» South Africa - Natal 20604 

I Euryops ciliatus B.Nord. 2060-» 

I 2060.< South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Euryops decipiens Schltr. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 2060.* 
R Euryops dentatus B Nord. 206O4 

R 2060'< South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
I Euryops hypnoides B.Nord. 20604 

I 2060'< South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Euryops indecorus B.Nord. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Euryops integrifolius B.Nord. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Euryops lasiocladus (DC.) B.Nord. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
R Euryops latifolius B.Nord. 206O4 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Euryops linearis Harv. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Euryops marlothii B.Nord. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Euryops minis B.Nord. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
E Euryops muirii C.A.Sm. 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca ■ Cape Province 20604 
R Euryops pectinatus (L.) Cass. ssp. lobulatus B. 

Nordenstam 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Euryops pleiodontus B.Nord. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 

I Euryops polytrichoides (Harv.) B.Nord. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca • Cape Province 20604 

R Euryops rosulatus B.Nord. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Euryops subcamosus DC. ssp. minor B. 

Nordenstam 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Euryops ursinoides B.Nord. 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Euryops virgatus B.Nord. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Euthamia tenuifolia (Pursb) Greene var. pycnocephala 

(Fern.) C.& J. Taylor 20850 

20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20850 
20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 
20850 U.S. - Massachusetts 20850 
20850 U.S. - New Hampshire 20850 
20850 U.S. - New York 20850 

Evax longilanata Maire & Wilczek 



-171- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Evwc 
1 Morocco 

R Evax rotundata Moris sooo. 20171 

R I50S0 France - Corsica I50S0 
R IS264 Italy - Sardinia IS264 

R Ewartia sinclairii (Hook.f.) Cheeseman 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

R Farfugium hibemiflorum (Makino) Kiiam. ;o57J 

R W573 Japan 10573 

R Faujasia flexuosa (Lam.) C.Jeffrey ssp. erecta 

C.Jeffrey 20771 
R 20771 Mauntius 2077; 
E Faujasia reticulata (Vahl) C.Jeffrey 2077/ 

E 2077; Mauritius 10710 
I Faujasia squamosa (Bory) C.Jeffrey I00S2 

I 14234 Reunion I00S2 

R Feddea cubensis Urban 5607 

R 19105 Cuba (Holguin; Guanianamo) 5607 
Ex Felicia annectens (Harv.) Grau 20604. 6iso 
Ex 2060.( South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Felicia dentata (A. Rich.) Dandy in F.W. Andrews ssp. 

nubica Grau 
I 5908 Sudan (Djebel Marra) 590S 
R Felicia diffusa (DC.) Grau ssp. khamiesbergensis 

Grau 2060'( 
R 2060.< South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Felicia elongata (Thunb.) o.Hoffm. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Felicia esterhuyseniae Grau 20604 

R 2060< South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Felicia fruticosa (L.) G.Nicholson ssp. 

brevipedunculata (Hutch.) Grau 20604 
R 2060.» South Africa • Transvaal 2060^ 

R Felicia tsitsikamae Grau 20604 

R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
R Felicia wrightii Milliard & B.L.Burtt 2060V 

R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
E Femeniasia balearica (Rodr.) Susanna 206« 

E 20874 Spain - Balearic Is, (north Menorca) 
20656 

V Ferreyranthus rugosus (Ferreyra) H. 

Robinson&Brettell IS200 

V I246i Peru ;8200 

I Filago bolivari Caballero 

I Morocco 

I Filago duriaei Coss. e\ Lange 201 7 J 

I Spain 

I Filago evaciformis Maire & G. Samuelsson 

I Morocco 

E Fitchia cordata M.Grant & Carlquist 20845 

E 20S45 French Polynesia - Society Is. (Bora Bora) 
20845 

E Fitchia cuneata J.Moore ssp. cuneata 20845 

E 20845 French Polynesia . Society Is, (Raiatea) 

20845 

Ex Fitchia mangarevensis F.Brown 20845 

Ex 20845 French Polynesia - Tuamotu Is. (Gambier, 

Taravai) 20845 

V Fitchia nutans J.Hooker 20845 

V 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is, (Tahiti) 

20845 



E Fitchia speciosa Cheesem. 19473 

E 7947.1 Cook Is, (Southern group) (Rarolonga) 
19473 

V Fitchia tahitensis Nadeaud 20845 

V 20845 French Polynesia - Society Is, (Tahiti) 

20845 

R Flaveria floridana i.R. Johnston 20850 

I 20850 US, - Flonda 20850 

V Flaveria macdougalii Theroux, Pinkava & Keil 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

E Fleischmannia allenii K. & R. 20S83. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
E Fleischmannia chiriquensis K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 20883 
E Fleischmannia croatii K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 2OS8J Panama 20883 
E Fleischmannia panamensis K. & R. 2088J. 9006 

1 20883 Panama 2088J 
E Fleischmannia tysonii K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 20SSJ Panama 2088J 
R Flourensia microphylla (A.Gray) s.F. Blake 10358 

R ;0J58 Mexico - Coahuila /0J58 
R Flourensia solitaria s.F. Blake yoj58 

R ;0J58 Mexico ■ Coahuila 10358 
R Fontquera paui (Font Quer) Maire 

R Morocco 

V Fulcaldea laurifolia (Kunih) Poiret /8200 

V 72468 Peru 18200 

E Gaillardia aestivalis (Cory) B.L. Turner var. 

winkleri (Cory) B.L. Turner 20850 

E 20850 US,. Texas 20850 
R Gaillardia cabrera Covas ;6Ji6 

R 20/76 Argentina - La Pampa (Sierras de Lihue Calel) 

20/76 

V Gaillardia flava Rydb. 20850 

V 20850 US. - Utah 20850 

V Gaillardia parryi Greene 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Galatella saxatilis Novopokr. sooi 

R former USSR (Tien Shan) 69iO 

R Galinsoga spellenbergii b. Turner /2029 

R 74294 Mexico - Durango /2029 

V Gerbera aurantiaca (Cass.) Sch.Bip. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Gerbera wrightii Harv. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

E Glossarion bilabiatum (Maguire) Pruski 20S83 

I 20885 Venezuela 20883 
R Glossogyne integrifolia Gagnep. 19120 

R 19120 Thailand /9/20 

V Gnaphalium arizonicum Gray 20883. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20SS5 Mexico 20883 

R Gnaphalium griquense HilUard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 Lesotho 20604 
R 20604 South Afnca • Natal 20604 

R Gnaphalium helleri Britt. var. helleri 208SO 

I 20850 U.S. • Alabama 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 



-172- 



20S50 U.S. 
20SS0 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20SS0 U.S. 
20SSO U.S. 
20S50 U.S. 
20M0 U.S. 
20«50 U.S. 
20SS0 U.S. 
20«50 U.S. 



20450 U.S. ■ 
Ex/E 20*50 U.S. - 
208S0 U.S. - 
20850 U.S. - 
20S50 U.S. - 
20850 U.S. - 
20SJ0 U.S. - 



20850 U.S. • 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. 
E 20S50 U.S. ■ 
20850 U.S. ■ 
20S50 U.S. ■ 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. ■ 
20850 U.S. ■ 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Gnaphalium 

20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 
20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

Maryland 20850 

Michigan 20SS0 

Mississippi 20850 

New Jersey 20850 

Nonh Carolina 20850 

Oklahoma 20850 

South Carolina 20850 

Tennessee 20850 

Texas 20850 

Virginia 20850 

Gnaphalium helleri Britt. var. micradenium 
(Weatherby) Mahler 20850 
20850 U.S. ■ Georgia 20S50 

Indiana 20850 

Kennicky 20850 

Louisiana 20850 

Maine 20850 

Maryland 20850 

Massachusetts 20850 

Michigan 20850 
20850 U.S. - Minnesota 20850 
20850 U.S. - Missouri 20850 
20850 U.S. • New Hampshire 20850 

New Jersey 20850 

New York 20850 

North Carolina 20850 

Pennsylvania 20850 

South Carolina 20850 

Tennessee 20850 

Virginia 20850 

Wisconsin 20850 

Gnaphalium leucopilinum Schott & Kotschy ex 
Boiss. ;2s-<o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Gnaphalium obtusifolium L. var. saxicola (Fassett) 

& Cronq. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 

Gnaphalium rosillense Urban 5642 

I Dominican Republic (La Vega, Loma Rosilla) 

5642 

Gnaphalium sandwicensium Gaud. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Gnaphalium sandwicensium Gaud. var. hawaiiense (O. 

Deg. & Sherff) W.L. Wagner, Herbst & Sohmer 20SS0 
R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Gnaphalium sandwicensium Gaudich. var. 
sandwicensium 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
Gnaphalium simii (Bolus) Milliard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Gochnatia ekmanii (Urban) Jervis & Alain 5607 

E I9I05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Gochnatia gomezii (Leon) Jervis & Alain 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Holgum) 5607 
Gochnatia intertexta (C. Wright) Jervis & Alain 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Gochnatia maisiana (Leon) Jervis & Alain 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
Gochnatia mantuensis (C. Wright) Jervis & Alain 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

Gochnatia montana (Britton) Jervis & Alain 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Gochnatia parvifolia (Britton) Jervis & Alain 5607 



V I9]05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

E Gochnatia wilsoni (Britton) Jervis & Alain 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Sancli Spintus) 5607 
R Gonospermum canariense Less. ;5;o5 

R 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 20750 
R Gonospermum elegans (Cass.) DC. 

R 75/05 Spam - Canary Is. /5/05 

V Gonospermum gomerae BoUe 19174 

V /9/7.( Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 

R Gratwickia monochaeta F.Muell. 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

V Grindelia fastigiata Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Grindelia fraxinopratensis Re\eal & Beailey 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevida 20850 

R Grindelia howellii Steyermark 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

V Grindelia laciniata Rydb. 2085o 
I 20850 U.S. -Anzona 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Grindelia latifolia Kellogg 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20850 

V Grindelia oolepis Blake 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

E Grindelia paludosa Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R Grindelia procera Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Grindelia pygmaea Cabrera /6JJ6 

R 20/76 Argentina - Rio Negro (Meseta de Somuncura) 

20/76 

R Grindelia robusta Nutt. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Massachusetts 20850 

V Guardiola platyphylla Gray 208«J. 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20SS0 

I 20S8J Mexico 20883 

I Gundlachia domingensis (Spreng.) A. Grey 56-»2 

1 Dominican Republic (San Jose de Ocoa) 

56^2 

I Gundlachia OCOana Urban & Ekman 5642 

I Dominican Republic (San Jose de Ocoa) 

56« 

V Gutierrezia peti^adoria (Welsh & Goodrich) 

Welsh 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Gynoxys laurifolia (Kunth) Cass 

V Ecuador 

E Gynoxys rimachiana Cuatr. 2088i 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

R Gynura elliptica Yabe & Hayata 205// 

R 205// Taiwan 20511 

I Gynura hispida Thwaites 802/ 

1 16162 Sri Lanlca (Nuwara Eliya District) 802/ 

I Gynura sechellensis (Baker) Hemsley 14296 

I I9I8I Seychelles (granitic) 14296 
E Gynura truncata Kerr 19120 



-173- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Gynura 

E 19120 Thailand 19120 
I Gynura zeylanica Trimen 802i 

I 16162 Sn Lanka 8021 

R Haeckeria cassiniiformis f.MucU. 20681 

R 20681 Australia - South Australia 20681 
R Haploesthes greggii A.Gray var. greggii 9567 

R I97SS Mexico - Coahuila 9567 

E Haplopappus rigidus Philippi 16336 

E 20; 76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 
E 20/76 Chile (Montaflas de Antofagasta y Atacama) 
19634 

E Haplopappus thiniicola Rzedowsld et Ezcurra 20883 

I 20881 Mexico 20883 

E Haplostephium passerina Mart. e\ DC. 20883 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

V Hartwrightia floridana Gray ex s.Watson 208S0 

V 20SJ0 U.S. - Flonda 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20S50 

V Hazardia carta (Gray) Greene 20883. 20850, 8058 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 2088J Mexico 20883 

E Hazardia orcuttii (Gray) Greene 20883. 20850, 8058 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 2088J 

R Hazardia stenolepis (Hall) Hoover 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Hebeclinium knappii K. & R. 20883 

I 20883 Panama 20883 
E Hebeclinium reedii K. & R. 2088J, 9006 

I 2OS8S Panama 20883 

R Helenium arizonicum Blake 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

E Helenium scaposum Britton 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Juventud Is.) 5607 

V Helenium thurberi Gray 20883. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 2088J Mexico 20883 

V Helenium virginicum Blake 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

V Helianthella castanea Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Helianthus agrestis Pollard 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E Helianthus camosus Small 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 
R Helianthus debilis Nutt. ssp. tardiflorus 

Heiser 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. • Mississippi 20850 

V Helianthus debilis Nutt. ssp. vestitus (E.E. 

Wats.) Heiser 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

V Helianthus deserticola Heiser 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Nevada 20850 
20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Helianthus eggertii Small 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20S50 



20850 U.S. - Kennicky 20850 
20850 U.S. • Tennessee 20850 



R Helianthus glaucophyllus d.m. Sm. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Alabama 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

R Helianthus longifolius Pursh 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • North Carolina 20850 

V Helianthus neglectus Heiser 20850 

1 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

R Helianthus niveus (Benth.) Brandegee ssp. tephrodes 

(Gray) Heiser 20883. 20850, 8058 
E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Ex/E Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A.Gray ssp. parishii 

(Gray) Heiser 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Helianthus occidentalis Riddell ssp. plantagineus 

(Torr. & Gray) Stunners 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • Arkansas 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 
? 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

V Helianthus paradoxus Heiser 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Indiana 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Helianthus praecox Torr. & A.Gray ssp. hirtus 

(Heiser) Heiser 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Helianthus praecox Torr. & A.Gray ssp. 

praecox 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Ex/E Helianthus praetermissus E.E. Wats. 20850. 14662 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Helianthus schweinitzii Torr. & Gray 20SS0 

V 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

R Helianthus smithii Heiser 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Alabama 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

R Helichrysum acervatum S. Moore 7754 

R Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7754 

R Helichrysum aciculare Balf. f. ;5534 

R /553'» Yemen - Socotra 15534 

I Helichrysum alticolum Bolus 20604 

I 2060.* South Africa • Cape Province 2060< 

E Helichrysum alucense G.Casanova, Scbolz & 

Hernandez 20750 
E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 
R Helichrysum amorginum Boiss. & Orph. 20171 

R 2073/ Greece (Cyclades) 2073/ 

R Helichrysum amplectens Hilliard 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Natal 2060'< 
R Helichrysum artvinense Davis & Kupicba '28'<o 

R 12840 Turkey ;28'«) 



-174- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Helichrysum 
I Helichrysum aureum (Houtt.) Merr. var. argenteum 

HiUiard 2060^ 

1 206O4 South Africa - Natal 20604 

I 2060^ South Afnca - Transvaal 20604 

I Helichrysum biafranum Hook.f. 

I Cameroon (Cameroon mt & Buea) 

R Helichrysum brassii Brenan var. tenellum 

Brenan 7849 

R Malawi 7S49 

R Helichrysum bullulatum S. Moore 7757 

R Malawi (Mlanje) 7757 

V Helichrysum chasmolycicum Davis i284o 

V I2S40 Turkey 12840 

E Helichrysum cilricephalum Milliard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

E 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Helichrysum compactum Boiss. i2840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Helichrysum cutchicum (C.B. Clarke) R. Rao & Desbp. 

R I388S India ■ Gujarat 13883 

R Helichrysum dichroolepis Brenan 7S49 

R Malawi 7849 

E Helichrysum dimorphum Cockayne 86 

E J9305 New Zealand - South Is, 19105 

V Helichrysum doerfleri Recb.f. 20171 

V 207iO Greece - Crete 207i0 

R Helichrysum flammeiceps Brenan 7849 

R Malawi 7849 

I Helichrysum fourcadei Hilliard 20604 

1 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V Helichrysum gossypinum Sob. Hip. ;o260 

V ISI05 Spain • Canary Is. 70260 

I Helichrysum haygarthii Bolus 20604 

I 20604 Soudi Afnca - Natal 2060.< 

1 20604 Soudl Afnca - Orange Free State 20604 

V Helichrysum heldreichii Boiss. 201 7; 

V 20730 Greece - Crete 207iO 

R Helichrysum heywoodianum Davis ;2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S.H) 

R Helichrysum incamatum DC. 206o-< 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Helichrysum ingomense Hilliard 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 

R Helichrysum jubilatum HilUard 20604 

R 20604 Soudi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Helichrysum lindsayanum Domin 2068; 

R 206S; Australia ■ Queensland 2068/ 

R Helichrysum maestum Wild 7754 

R Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7754 

R Helichrysum mauritianum A.J. Scott ;oo82 

R 2077; Mauritius 10082 
R Helichrysum monizii Lowe 

R Portugal - Madeira 

V Helichrysum monogynum B.L. Burtt & Sundlng 20750 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

R Helichrysum montelinasanum Scbmid 18264 

R /8264 Italy • Sardinia M264 
R Helichrysum nimmoanum Oliver & Hiern ;55i4 

R ;55J4 Yemen - Socotra ;55J4 



I Helichrysum outeniquense HiUiard 20604 

I 20604 Soudi Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Helichrysum perlanigerum Gamble 11494 

R 11494 India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

E Helichrysum peshmenianum Erik ;2840 

E 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Helichrysum rosulatum Oliver & Hiern ;55i4 

R ;55J4 Yemen • Socotra 15534 
I Helichrysum saxicola Hilliard 2O604 

I 20604 Soudi Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Helichrysum selago (Hook, f.) Benth & Hook. f. var. 

tumidum Cbeeseman 

R New Zealand - Soudi Is. 

V Helichrysum sibthorpii Rouy sooo. 20171 

V Greece (north east - Adlos) 8000 

E Helichrysum sonogynum B. L. Burtt. & Sunding ;5/05 

E ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5;05 
R Helichrysum sordidum S. Moore 7757 

R Malawi (Mlanje) 7757 

R Helichrysum taenari Rotbm. 8000. 20171 

R Greece (north-east) 8000 

I Helichrysum tricostatum (Tbunb.) Less. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Helichrysum whyteanum Britten 7757 

R Malawi 7757 

I Helichrysum wightii Clarke ex Hook.f. 2268 

I India • Tamil Nadu 2268 

R Helichrysum woodii N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Natal 20604 
R Helichrysum yuccifolium (Lam.) DC. /0082 

R 2077; Mauritius 100S2 
I Heliocaula atlanticus (Litard. & Maire) Humphries 

1 Morocco 9204 

E Heliomeris soliceps (Bameby) Yates 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Hemizonia arida Keck 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

V Hemizonia australis (Keck) Keck 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
? Mexico 20S8i 

V Hemizonia calycuUUa (Babcock & Hall) Keck 208SO 

I 20850 U.S. -California 20S50 

V Hemizonia congesta DC. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Hemizonia congesta DC. ssp. vemalis (Keck) 

Tanowitz 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Hemizonia conjugens Keck 20850 

. E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hemizonia corymbosa (DC.) Torr. & Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hemizonia floribunda Gray 2088i. 20850, 8058 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 2088J Mexico 20SS3 

E Hemizonia halliana Keck 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Hemizonia increscens Tanowitz ssp. villosa 

Tanowitz 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Hemizonia 

V Hemizonia laevis (Keck) Keck 2osso 

I 20S50 U.S. - California 208SO 

V Hemizonia minthomii Jepson 20850 

V 208S0 U.S. - California 20SS0 

E Hemizonia mohavensis Keck 20S50. 14662 

E 20S50 U.S. - California 20S50 
E Hemizonia parryi Greene ssp. congdonii (Robins. & 

Greenm.) Keck 20SS0 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Hemizonia pentactis (Keck) Keck 208JO 

I 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

V Hemizonia tracyi (Babcock & Hall) Keck 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20»J0 

E Heptanthus brevipes c. Wrighc 5607 

E ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

V Heptanthus cochlearifolius Griseb. 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio; I. Juventud) 5607 

V Heptanthus yumuriensis Borh. 5607 

V I9J05 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

R Herrickia horrida Woot. & standi. 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. • Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Hesperevax caulescens (Benih.) Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Hesperomannia arborescens Gray 20850 2;i57 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Hesperomannia arborescens A.Gray ssp. 

arborescens 14209 

E 14209 U.S. -Hawaii (Oahu. Moloka' I) 14209 
E Hesperomannia arbuscula Hbd. 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
E Hesperomannia arbuscula Hillebrand ssp. 

arbuscula 14209 

E }4209 U.S. -HawaiKO'ahu, Maui) 14209 

E Hesperomannia lydgatei Forbes 2os5a m209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20S50 

R Heteropappus hispidus (Thunb.) Less. ssp. insularis 

(Makino) Kitam. 7057.! 

R ;057J Japan /057J 
R Heteropappus koidzumianus Kitam. /057J 

R ;057J Japan ;057J 
R Heteropappus leptocladus Matsum. ;057j 

R ;057J Japan 10573 
R Heteroplexis microcephala Y.L. Chen ;76;7 

R ;76;7 China - Guangxi (Yangsu) ;;;J9 

R Heteroplexis sericophylla y.l. Chen ;;;i9 

R China - Guangxi (Yangsu) 11139 

R Heteroplexis vemonioides C.C. Chang ;;;j9 

R China - Guangxi (Longzhou) 1 1 139 

V Heterotheca barbata (Rydb.) Semple :o85o 

I 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20S50 

V Heterotheca bolanderi (Gray) Harms 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Heterotheca camphorata (Easiw.) Harms 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Heterotheca jonesii (make) Wetsh & Mwood 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Heterotheca rutteri (Rothrock) shinners 20S50 



V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20S50 

V Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. depressa 

(Rydb.) Harms 20850 
I 20850 U.S. -Montana 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Heterotheca viscida (Gray) Harms 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
I 208S0 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -Texas 20850 

V Heterotheca zionensis Semple 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Utah 20850 

V Hieracium argutum Nuti. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
R Hieracium ai^yrocomum (Ft.) Zahn 20171 

R Spain 

E Hieracium chaunotrichum (Bomm. et Zahn) Holub 2050 

E 2050 Czech Republic 2050 

V Hieracium eriophorum St.-Amans 20/7; 

V 20528 France (south-west) 20528 

R Hieracium fredesianum Mateo 20699 

R 20692 Spain (Puertos Torosa and Beciete) 
20692 

E Hieracium irasuense Benih. 208S3. 10747 

1 20883 Panama 20883 
E Hieracium lemmonii Gray 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 

R Hieracium morii Hayata 205;/ 

R 205;/ Taiwan 2057/ 
R Hieracium pinanense Kitimura 20511 

R 205;; Taiwan 205/; 
Ex Hieracium purkynei Celak ;9SJ9 

Ex 2050 Czech Republic 2050 

Ex 6936 Slovakia 69i6 

E Hieracium robinsonii (Zahn) Fern. 20850 

I 20850 Canada - New Brunswick 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Newfoundland 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Pnnce Edward Is. 20850 
E 20850 Canada ■ Quebec 20850 
Ex/E 20S50 U.S. - Maine 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. - New Hampshire 20850 

V Hieracium rusbyi Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E Hieracium scabrum Michx. var. leucocaule Fern. & 

St. John 20850. /■»J9./ 
E 20850 Canada - Nova Scotia 20850 

E Hieracium texedense Pan 

E I9SI8 Spain (Malaga. Sierra de Tejeda) ;;.<96 

I Hieracium vahlii Froel. 20171 

1 Spain 

R Hieracium valentinum Arv.-Touv. & E.Rev. ex 

Willk. ;9;7.». 20171 
R 19174 Spam (east) 20692 
E Holocarpha macradenia (DC.) Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

V Holocarpha virgata (Gray) Keck ssp. elongata 

Keck 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Hulsea brevifolia Gray 20S50 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Hulsea 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Hulsea califomica Torr. & Gray 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hulsea vestita Gray ssp. callicarpha (HaU) 

Wilken 20450 
R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hulsea vestita Gray ssp. gabrielensis 

Wilken 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Hulsea vestita Gray ssp. inyoensis (Keck) 

Wilken 20850 
1 20850 U.S. -California 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Hulsea vestita Gray ssp. /larryi (Gray) 

Wilken 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Hydropectis stevensii McVaugh 10354 

R ;9755 Mexico 10354 

V Hymenopappus carrizoanus B.L. Turner 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Texas 20850 

V Hymenostemma pseudanthemis [Kmae) V/iUk. \i89i. 

20171 

V 11496 Spain (Malaga. Cadiz) 20«6'» 

R Hymenothrix loomisii Blake 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Hymenothrix wislizeni Gray 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Hymenoxys acaulis (Pursh) K. Parker var. glabra 

(Gray) K. Parker 14352 

V ;J967 Canada - Ontano 10764 
Ex ;J967 U.S. - Illinois 10764 

E 19002 U.S. - Ohio ;07(S4 

R Hymenoxys brachyactis Woot. & standi. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

R Hymenoxys helenioides (Rydb.) Cockerel) 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Ulall 20850 

E Hymenoxys lapidicola Welsh & Neese 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Colorado 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Hymenoxys lemmonii (Greene) Cockerell 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Hymenoxys texana (Coult. & Rose) CockereU 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - Texas (nr Houston, Harris Co.) 

20850 

V Hymenoxys vaseyi (Gray) CockereU 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20S50 

R Hyoseris taurina (Pamp.) MartinoU 20/7; 

R Italy - Sardinia 

V Hypochoeris claryi Batiand. 10488 

V ;^95S Algeria 10488 



R Hypochoeris crepidioides Taiew. & Kitam. 10573 

R ;057J Japan /057i 
E Hypochoeris oligocephala (Svent. & D. Bramwell) 

Lack 14166 

E /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
R Hypochoeris rutea Talav. 

R 11496 Spain (Cordoba) 11496 

R Hypochoeris saldensis Battand. 10488 

R /■»958 Algeria ;o.»88 

R Hysterionica aconquijana Lillo ;6iJ6 

R ;6JJ6 Argentina ;6JJ6 

V Ichlhyothere granvillei H. Robinson 2088J 

I 20883 Guyana 20883 

I tfloga obovata BoUe 

1 /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Inula fragilis Boiss. & Hausska. 12840 

R ;28-<0 Turkey 12840 

R /nu/a helenium L. ssp. vanensis 

Grierson ;2840 
R ;2S-«) Turkey y2S.<0 

R Inula helvetica Weber 20/7; 

I France 

V Germany 
R Italy 

V Spain 

V 18154 Switzerland 18154 

R Inula kalapani C.B. Clarke 11494 

R ;M9-/ India - Meghalaya (Khasi hills) 11494 

R /ru/o macrocephala Boiss. & Kolschy ex Boiss. /2840 

R /2S40 Turkey /2S-»0 

R Inula oxylepis Hausskn. 20; 7; 

R Greece 

R Inula pseudolimonella iRech.f.) Recb.t. 20171 

R 207J0 Greece - Crete 20730 

V Inula racemosa Hook. f. /J88J 

V 13883 India - Janunu & Kashmir /J88J 
R Inula rotundifolia (Halacsy) Greuter 20/7/ 

R Greece 

R /nu/a sarana Boiss. y28'#o 

R /28-«) Turkey 12840 

V /nu/a sechmenii Hardvig & strid i284o 

V /28'H) Turkey 12840 

R /nu/<z serpentinica Rech.f. & Goulimy 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Inula subfloccosa Rech.{. 20171 

R Greece 

E lonactis caelestis Leary & Nesom 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R lostephane trilobata Hemsley 9004 

R 79755 Mexico 9004 
R Iphiona maris-mortui Feinbrun 8896 

R Israel (Dead Sea area) 8896 

V Isocarpha glabrata Blake 5607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Camaguey) 5607 
E Isocoma arguta Greene 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - California 20850 
E Isocoma humilis Nesom 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Isocoma pluriflora (Torr. & Gray) Greene 20850 



-111- 



The 1997 ITJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Isocoma 



1 20S50 U.S. 

I 20S50 U.S. 

I 20SiO U.S. 

I 20SS0 U.S. 



Anzona 20S50 
Colorado 20850 
New Mexico 20SJ0 
Texas 20450 



V 
I 

R 
R 
R 

V 



R 

R 

R 

V 

R 

R 

I 

V 

I 

I 

R 

R 

Ex/E 



/va nevadensis M.E. Jones 20S50 
1 20S50 U.S. - California 20S50 
I 20850 U.S. -Nevada 20*50 

Iva texensis R.C. Jackson 20SS0 
I 20850 US. -Texas 2O8S0 

Ixeris dentata Nakai ssp. kitayamensis 
Murata ;057J 

V ;057J Japan 10573 

Ixeris dentata Nakai ssp. nipponica 

Kitam. /057J 
E }0573 Japan /057J 
Ixeris longirOStrata (Hayata) Nakai 803S 

V 19134 Japan - Ogasawara-shoto 80J8 
Ixeris reparia (Kerr) Stebbins I9]20 

I ;9;20 Thailand 19120 

Ixeris tamagawaensis (Makino) Kitam. /057j 

R /057i Japan ;057J 
Ixeris transnokoensis (Sasaki) Kitamura 205;; 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
Ixiolaena pluriseta Haegi 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068; 
Ixodia achillaeoides R.Br. ssp. arenicola 
Copley 2068; 

I 206S; Australia ■ South Australia 2068J 

I 2068; Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

Jaegeria bellidiflora (Moc. & Scs.) Torres & 
Beaman 957/ 

E 957/ Mexico 957/ 
Jamesianthus alabamensis Blake & Sherff 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
Jasonia hesperia Maire & Wilczek 

R Morocco 

Jurinea brevicaulis Boiss. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey I2S40 
Jurinea cypria Boiss. 14230 

V ;9;6J Cyprus (Troodos) 14230 

Jurinea elegantissima njin 

R former USSR 69J0 

Jurinea eximia Tek. 59« 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (south) 5942 

Jurinea fedtschenkoana lyin 59« 

I 59'»2 Kazakhstan (west) 59-«2 
Jurinea fontqueri Cuatrec. sooo. 20171 

V 20874 Spain (Sierra de Magina) 20874 
Jurinea glycacantha (Sibth. & Sm.) DC. 20/7; 

I ;9J2; Slovakia /9J2/ 
Jurinea karatavica Iljin 
I former USSR 69J0 

Jurinea lydiae njin 

R former USSR 69J0 

Jurinea mollis (L.) Reichenb. ssp. transsilvanica 

(Sprengel) Hayek 17823 
R 19949 Romania 206j; 

Jurinea mugodsharica lyin 5942 

Ex/E 5942 Kazakhstan (west) 5942 



R Jurinea robusta Schrenk 5942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (south-east) 5942 
R Jurinea taygetea Halacsy 201 7; 

V /9426 Bulgaria /9426 
R Greece 

R Kalimeris shimadai (Kitamura) Kitamura 205;; 

R 205// Taiwan 205;/ 

V Kleinia saginata P. HaUiday 2o;46 

V 20/46 Oman (Dhofar) 20/46 

I Kleinia scottii (Balf. f.) Chiov. /5554 

I /55J4 Yemen ■ Socoira /55J4 

E Koanophyllon dolphinii (Urban) R. King & H. 

Robinson 20883 
E 20883 Jamaica 20883 
E Koanophyllon dukei K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20S8J 

V Koanophyllon gracilipes (Urban) R. King & H. 

Robinson 20883 

V 2088J Jamaica 20883 

R Koanophyllon simile (Proctor) R. King & H. 

Robinson 20883 
R 20883 Jamaica 20883 

V Koehneola repens (Griseb.) Urban 5607 

V /9/05 Cuba (Santiago de Cuba; Holguin) 5607 

R Krigia montana (Michx.) Nutt. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R 2085C U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • South Carolina 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

E Lachanodes arborea (Roxb.) Nordenstam 18996 

E /8996 Si Helena /S996 

E Lactuca benthamii C.B. Clarke 11494 

E //494 India - Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir) //494 
E Lactuca cooperi Anthony / /494 

E 11494 India - Sikkim 11494 
E Lacfuca /l7icina Duthie ex Stebb. 11494 

E 11494 India - Uttar Pradesh (Kali Valley, Kumaon) 

//494 

I Lactuca herbanica Burchard 

I /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 
R Lactuca livida Boiss. & Rent. 20/7/ 

R Spain 

R Lactuca longidentata Moris ex DC. 20171 

R Italy - Sardinia 

R Lactuca mira Pavlov sooi 

R Asiatic U.S-S.R. (Tien Shan) 6950 

V Lactuca palmensis BoUe 20750 

V /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

R Lactuca perennis L. var. granatensis Charpin & 

Fernandez Casas /5J98 
R Spain 

I Lactuca takhtadzhianii Sosn. 5942 

I 5942 Armenia 5942 

E Lactuca terrae-novae Fem. 20850. 14366 

E 20850 Canada - Newfoundland 20850 

V Lactuca tetrantha b.l. Burtt & p.h. Davis ;42J0 

V ;9/64 Cyprus (Troodos) /42J0 

E Lactuca undulata Ledeb. ;;494 

E //494 India - Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir) 11494 



-178- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

MagnoUopsida (dicots): Compositae: Lactuca 

R Lactuca watsoniana Trel. sooo. 20171 

R 19174 Portugal - Azores SOOO 

V Lactucosonchus webbii (Schultz Bip.) Svent. 20750 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

V Laennecia eriophylla (Gray) Nesom 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20S50 

E Lagenifera erici Forbes 20*50, /•/209 

E 20S50 U.S. • Hawaii (Kauai) 2OS50 
E Lagenifera helenae Forbes & Lydgate 20S50. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (kaua'i) 20850 

V Lagenifera maviensis Mann 20S50. /«09 

V 20M0 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Lagenifera minuscula Cuair. 20«8i 

I 20883 Panama 208SJ 
E Lagenifera panamensis Blake 20«8J 

I 20SSJ Panama 20SS3 
E Lagenifera sakirana Cuatr. 2088J 

I 2O8SJ Costa Rica 208SJ 
E Lagenifera westonii Cuatr. 2088J 

I 20883 Cosia Rica 20883 

V Lagenophora neocaledonica S.Moore 20893 

V 2089J New Caledonia 20893 

E Lagoxsrii pu;7?urea fVVilJd.) Boiss. 5942.20171 

E 20655 Ukraine - Cnmea 59.<2 

I Lamyropappus schakaptaricus (B. Fedtsch.) Knorr. & 

Tamam. 5942 
I 5942 Kazakhstan 5942 
I 59-<2 Kyrgyzstan 5942 

I 5942 Uzbekistan 5942 

R Lamyropsis carpini Greuter 

R Greece 

R Lamyropsis iycia Kupicha 12840 

R ;2840 Turkey ;2S40 

E Lamyropsis microcephala (Moris) Dittrich & 

Greuter 8000. 20171 
E /8264 Italy • Sardinia (Mte Bruncu Spinu) 
79997 

V Lantanopsis tomentosa Borh. & Moncada 5607 

V /9/05 Cuba (Granma: Santiago de Cuba) 5607 
R Lapsana takasei (Sasaki) Kitamura 20511 

R 205/; Taiwan 20511 

E Lasiantftaea nowickeana D'Arcy 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20SSJ 
R Lasiopogon minutus (B.Nord.) Milliard & 

B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
E Lasthenia burkei (Greene) Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Lasthenia chrysantha (Greene ex Gray) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Lasthenia conjugens Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Lasthenia debilis (Greene ex Gray) Omduff 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Lasthenia glabrata Lindl. ssp. coulteri (Gray) 

Omduff 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Lasthenia leptalea (Gray) Omduff 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 



V Lasthenia macrantha (A.Gray) Greene ssp. prisca 

Omduff 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Oregon 20850 

R Lasthenia maritima (Gray) Omduff 20850 

V 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

R Lasthenia platycarpha (Gray) Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. -Califortiia 20850 

V Launaea anomala (Battand.) Maire 70488 

V 14958 Algeria 10488 

I Launaea viminea (Battand.) Maire 

I Morocco 

E Layia camosa (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Layia discoidea (Keck) Keck 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Ex/E Z.a^'ia heterotricha (DC.) Hook. & Am. 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V iayi'a hieracioides (DC.) Hook. & Am. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Layia jonesii Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E La^'i'a leucopappa Keck 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Layia munzii Keck 20850 

V 20850 US. - California 20850 
R La^ifl paniculata Keck 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

R i.oyja pentachaeta Gray 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Lo^ia septentrionalis Keck 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V La^iia ziegleri Munz 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Lecocarpus darwinii Adsersen 567o 

E 14980 Ecuador- Galapagos (San Cristobal) 
IIII7 

E Lecocarpus lecocarpoides (Rob. & Gr.) Cronq. & 

Stuessy 5670 
E 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos (incl. Espanola) 

inn 

V Lecocarpus pinnatifidus Decne. 11117 

V 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos (Floreana) 11117 

V Lembertia congdonii (Gray) Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Leontodon eriopus Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Leontodon farinosus Merino & Pan 201 71 

R Spain 

R Leontodon gamironii Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

R Leontodon microcephalus (Boiss. ex DC.) Boiss. 8000. 

20171 
R 20874 Spain (Granada. Sierra Nevada) 20660 

R Leontopodium fauriei Hand.-Mazz. var. angustifolium 

Kara ;057J 

R 10573 lupin 10573 



-179- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Leonlopodium 
R Leonlopodium fauriei Hand.-Mazz. var. 

fauriei 10573 
R I0S73 Japan IOS73 
R Leonlopodium hayachinense Hara & Kiiam. var. 

hayachinense 10573 
R 10573 Japan 10573 
R Leonlopodium hayachinense Hara & Kitam. var. 

miyabeanum Watan. 10573 

R ;057J Japan ;057J 

R Leonlopodium japonicum Miq. \ar. pemiveum 

Kitam. ;057i 
R ;057J Japan ;057J 

R Leonlopodium shinanense Kitam. /057J 

R /057J Japan /057J 

I Lepidolopha fedlschenkoana Knorr. jwi 

1 5W2 Turkmenistan 5942 
I 59« Uzbekistan 5942 

R Lepidolopha karalavica Pavlov 59« 

R SMZ Kazakhstan (south) 5942 

V Lepidospartum burgessii B.L. Turner 20SSO 

E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20W0 
E 20850 US.- Texas 20850 

R Leplinella albida 19305 

R J9J05 New Zealand - South Is. ;9J05 

E Leplinella dioica ssp. monoica 1930s 

E ;9J05 New Zealand - North Is. 19305 

V Leplinella fealherslonii 19305 

V /9i05 New Zealand - Chatham Is. ;9J05 

E Leplinella nana 19305 

E ;9J05 New Zealand - North Is. ;9i05 
E ;9i05 New Zealand - South Is. ;9i05 

R Leplinella pyrethrifolia var. 

linearifolia 19305 

R 19305 New Zealand - South Is. /9J05 
R Leplinella rotundata 19305 

R ;9J05 New Zealand - North Is. ;9J05 

V Leplorhynchos gatesii (Williamson) J.H.Willis 2068/, 

5465 

V 206SI Australia - Viclona 2068/ 

E Lessingia germanorum Cham. 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 

E Lessingia germanorum Cham. var. 

germanorum 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Lessingia glandulifera A.Gray var. lomenlosa 

(Greene) Ferris 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • California 20S50 

R Lessingia hololeuca Greene 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Lessingia lemmonii Gray 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Lessingia micradenia Greene var. glabrata (Keck) 

Ferris 20850 

V 20850 U.S. . California 20850 

V Lessingia micradenia Greene var. 

micradenia 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 
R Lessingia ramulosa Gray 20850 



R 
V 
R 



R 

E 



E 
V 

V 
V 
V 
V 
E 
R 



I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Lessingia virgala Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Leucanthemum bumalii Briq. & CavUi. 20/7/ 

V 20528 France (Alps) 2052S 
Leucanlhemum chloroticum A.Kern. & Murb. 20/7/ 

R 2/09/ Bosnia & Herzegovina 21091 
R (former) Yugoslavia 

Leucanlhemum corsicum (Lessing) DC. ssp. fenzlii 
Gamisans 20528 

V 20528 France - Corsica 20528 

Leucanlhemum hosmariense (Ball) Font Quer 

R Morocco 

Leucochrysum albicans (Ciuin.) Paul G.Wilson var. 

tricolor (DC.) Paul G.Wilson 2068/ 
E 2068! Australia - Tasmania 20681 

Leucochrysum graminifolium (Paul G.Wilson) Paul 

G.Wilson 2068/ 

R 20681 Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
Leuzea longifolia Hoffmanns. & Link 8000. 20/7/ 

E 20076 Portugal 8000 

Leuzea rhaponlicoides Graells 15846. 20171 

E 20076 Pormgal 20076 

V 15846 Spain ISS46 

Liabum amplexicaule Poeppig I8200 

V 9«6 Peru 18200 

Lialris bracleaia Gaiser 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Lialris cymosa (H. Ness) K. Schum. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
Lialris garberi Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Florida 20850 

Lialris helleri Porter 20850 

E 20S5O U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
Liatris ohlingerae (Blake) B.L. Robins. 20850 17890 
R 20850 U.S. - Flonda (Polk & Highland Co.) 

20850 

Liatris provincialis Godfrey 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

Lialris scariosa CL.) Willd. var. novae-angliae 

Lunell 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Connecticut 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Massachusetts 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

E 20850 US ■ New Hampshire 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - New Jersey 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Pennsylvania 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Rhode Is. 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - West Virginia 20850 

Liatris lenuis Shinners 2oaso 

E 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Liatris turgida Gaiser 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - West Virginia 20850 



-180- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Liatris 

Ligularia kojimae Kitamura 20511 
R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
Ligularia taquetii Nakai 15957 

R 15923 Korea, South (Jejudo) 15957 

Lipochaela bryanii Sherff 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 

R Lipochaeta connata (Gaudich.) DC. var. 

connata 2085o. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Lipochaeta degeneri Sherff 20850, 14209 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Molokail 20850 

E Lipochaeta fauriei Levi. 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 

V Lipochaeta heterophylla A.Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Lipochaeta kamolensis O. Deg. & Sherff 208J0. ;4209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Maui) 20850 

V Lipochaeta lobata (Gaud.) DC. 20«50 

I 2OS50 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Lipochaeta lobata (Gaudich.) DC. var. leptophylla 

O. Deg. & Sherff 20850. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu -War anae Mis.) 
20850 

V Lipochaeta lobata (Gaudich.) DC. var. 

lobata 20850, 14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Lipochaeta micrantha (Nutt.) Gray 20850. 14209 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 208J0 
E Lipochaeta micrantha (Nutt.) A.Gray var. exigua 

(O. Deg. & SherfO R.C. Gardner 20S50. 14209 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Kaua' I) 20850 
E Lipochaeta micrantha (Nutt.) A.Gray var. 

micrantha 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Lipochaeta ovata R.c. Gardner 20850. /«o/ 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu) 20850 

Ex/E Lipochaeta perdita Sherff 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Ni'ihau - Kawaihoa Pt) 

20850 

E Lipochaeta remyi Gray 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii (Oahu - War anae Mis.) 
20850 

R Lipochaeta rockii Sherff 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Lipochaeta subcordata Gray 20850, ;«09 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

R Lipochaeta succulenta (Hook. & Am.) DC. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Lipochaeta tenuifolia Gray 20850, ;«09 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu) 20850 

V Lipochaeta tenuis o. Deg, & Sherff 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Lipochaeta tenuis Degener & Sherff var. 

tenuis 14209 

V ;«09 U.S. - Hawaii (O'ahu - Wai'anae Mts.) 

;'I209 

E Lipochaeta venosa Sherff 20850. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Lipochaeta waimeaensis St. John 20S50, 14209 



E 20S50 US - Hawaii (Kaua'i) 20850 
Ex/E Logfia neglecta (Soy,-wui,) Holub 8000. 20171 

Ex 2059i Belgium 8000 
Ex 20528 France 20528 
Ex/E 20726 France - Corsica 8000 

R Lomatozona artemisiaefolia Baker ; 7079 

R /7079 Brazil - Goias (Serra Dourade em Campos) 
/7079 

R Lopholaena whyteana (Britten) PhiUips & C,A, 

Smith 7757 
R Malawi (Mlanje) 7757 

R Lordhowea insularis (Benth,) R. Nordenstam /4225 

R /^225 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. /■<225 

V Lugoa revoluta DC, 5410 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 

V Luina serpentina Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

E Lundellianthus breedlovei (B. Turner) Sirother 20885 

I 20885 Mexico 20883 

E Lundellianthus harrimanii Strother 20883 

I 20883 Nicaragua 2088J 

E Lundellianthus steyermarkii (S. F. Blake) 

strother 20883 
I 20883 Guatemala 20883 

E Lychnophora bishopii H. Robinson 20883 

I 2088.) Brazil 20883 

E Lychnophora jeffreyi H.Robinson 20S83 

I 2088J Brazil 2088i 

V Lychnophora morii H. Robinson 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

V Lychnophora regis H. Robinson 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 2088J 

E Lygodesmia doloresensis s. Tomb 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 
E 20850 US - Utah 20850 

E Lygodesmia entrada Welsh & Goodrich 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Machaeranthera arida B.L, Turner & Home 2088J, 

19002 

1 20850 U.S. -Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I 2088i Mexico 208S3 

V Machaeranthera asteroides (Keck) B.L. Turner var. 

lagunensis (Keck) B.L. Turner 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Machaeranthera aurea (Gray) Shinners 20350 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Machaeranthera bigelovii (Gray) Greene var. 

mucronata (Greene) B.L. Turner 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

E Machaeranthera canescens (Pursh) A.Gray var. 

Ziegleri (Munz) B.L. Turner 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Machaeranthera coloradoensis (Gray) Osterhout 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Machaeranthera grindelioides (Maguire) Cronq. & Keck var 

depressa (Maguire) Cronq. & Keck 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 



-181- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Machaeranthera 

R 20S50 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R 20S50 U.S. - Utah 20SSO 

E Machaeranthera gypsitherma Nesom, Vorobik & 

Hartman 20SS1. 20850 

20850 U.S. ■ New Mexico 20850 
1 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Machaeranthera heterocarpa R.L. Hartman & m.a. 

Lane 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

V Machaeranthera mexicana B.L. Turner & Home 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V Machaeranthera viscida CWoot. & Standi.) R.L. 

Hartman 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Macowania hamata Hilliard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 Soulh Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Madia anomala Greene 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Madia citrigracilis Keck 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Madia doris-nilesiae T.W. & J.P. Nelson 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Madia hallii Keck 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Madia nutans (Greene) Keck 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Madia radiata Kellogg 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Madia rammii Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Madia stebbinsii T.W. & J.P. Nelson 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Madia subspicata Keck 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Madia yosemitana Parry ex Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Malacothrix indecora Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Malacothrix phaeocarpa w.s. Davis, sp. nov. 

ined. 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Malacothrix saxatilis (Nutt.) Torr. & A.Gray var. 

arachnoidea (McGregor) E. Williams 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

V Malacothrix similis W.S. Davis & Raven 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Malacothrix sonorae w.s. Davis & Raven 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E Malacothrix squalida Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I Marasmodes duemmeri Bolus ex. Hutch ;o260, 2060.» 

1 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
E Marasmodes undulata Compion 20604. 3774 

E 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Marshallia grandiflora Beadle & F.E. Boynt. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 

1 20850 U.S. -Maryland 20850 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Notth Carolina 20850 



E 20850 U.S. ■ Pennsylvania 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Tennessee 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - West Virginia 20850 

V Marshallia ramosa Beadle & F.E. Boynt. 20850 
E 20850 US.- Flonda 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R Marshallia trinervia (Walt.) Trel. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - NoiTh Carolina 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ South Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Tennessee 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

E Mecomischus pedunculatus (Coss. & Durieu) 

Maire ;o.(8S 
E 14958 Algena 10488 

V Melampodium longicome Gray 2os5o 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

R Melanodendron integrifolium (Roxb.) DC. 18996 

R ;8996 St Helena 18996 

V Melanthera ligulata SmaU 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Melanthera parvifolia Small 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

R Metalasia erectifolia PUlans 2060< 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Metalasia luteola Karis 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Metalasia umbelliformis Karis 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R MicroderisfiliiHochst. 20171 

R Portugal - Azores 

R Microderis rigens (Alton) DC. 20171 

R Pomigal - Azores 

V Microseris decipiens Chambers 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Microseris douglasii (Gray) Schuliz-Bip. ssp. 

platycarpha (Qray) Chambers 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Microseris howellii Gray 208J0 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V Microseris laciniata Chambers ssp. detlingii 

Chambers 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 

R Microseris paludosa (Greene) J.T. Howell 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Microseris sylvatica (Benth.) Schultz-Bip. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Microspermum debile Benth. var. arsenei 

Rzed. 958/ 
R 79755 Mexico 9581 

V Microspermum flaccidum P.G.WOson 9581 

V 79755 Mexico 958/ 

R Microspermum gonzalezii Rzed. 9582 

R 79755 Mexico - Jalisco 9582 

R Microspermum gracillimum Rzed. 95S2 

R 79755 Mexico - Jalisco 9582 

V Microspermum hintonii Rzed. 9587 



-182- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Microspermum 

V 79755 Mexico 95«; 

R Microspermum tenue P.G. Wilson 95s; 

R 79755 Mexico 95*7 

V Mikania brachycarpa Urb. 20SS3 

V 208i3 Jamaica 20SS3 

V Mikania brachycarpa Urb. var. 

brachycarpa 20m} 

V 208i3 Jamaica 208S3 

E Mikania brachycarpa Urb. var. purdieana 

Urb. 20««J 
E 20883 Jamaica 20883 
E Mikania cuatrecasasii W. Hobnes 20««J 

1 20883 Colombia 20883 

E Mikania jamaicensis Robins. 20883 

E 208SJ Jamaica 20883 

V Mikania longicarpa W. Hobnes 2088J 

I 2O8SJ Colombia 2088J 
E Mikania macdanielii W. Hobnes 20883 

I 2OS8J Peru 20883 

E Mikania maxonii Proctor 2088J 

E 20S8J Jamaica 20S83 
E Mikania montverdensis Proctor 20883 

E 20883 Jamaica 2088i 
E Mikania perhirta R. M. King & H. Robinson 2088J 

I 20883 Brazil 20883 

E Mikania stevensiana Britt. 20883 

I 2088J Puerto Rico 20883 

E Mikania tristachya w. Hobnes 20«sj 

1 20883 Colombia 20883 

R Mikania troyana Urb. 20S8j, 79890 

R 79890 Jamaica 20883 
E Mikania tysonii K. & R. 2088i. 10836 

I 20SSJ Panama 20SSi 

E Mikania zonensis K. & R. 208Si, 9006 

I 208SJ Panama 20SSJ 

R Miricacalia makineana (Yatabe) Kitam. 7057j 

R ;057J Japan 7057J 
E Monactis andersonii H. Robinson 20883 

I 2088J Ecuador 20883 
R Monolopia stricta Crum 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Montanoa laskowskii McVaugh 9628 

R 9628 Mexico 9628 
R Montanoa revealii H. Robinson 9604 

R 79755 Mexico 9604 
E Munnozia angusta Ruiz Lopez & Pavon 78200 

E 72-768 Peru 78200 

E Mutisia linearifolia Cav. 5462 

E 20776 Argentina - Neuquen 207 76 
E 20776 Argentina - Mendoza 20776 
E 20776 Chile (central) 20776 

V Mutisia magnifica C. UUoa & p.m. Jorgensen 27272 

V 2/272 Ecuador 27272 

I Mutisia retrorsa Cav. 5462 

16336 Argentina 5-762 

207 76 Argentina - La Pampa 20/76 

207 76 Argentina - Chubut 20776 

20176 Argentina - Neuquen 20776 

207 76 Argentina - Rio Negro 20/76 

20/76 Argentina - Santa Cruz 20/76 



I 20776 Argentina - Mendoza 20776 
R Mutisia spectabilis Pbilippi 795J-< 

R 19534 Chile 19534 
R Myopordon thiebautii (Gently) Wagenitz 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Myriactis japonensis Koidz. 7057j 

R 7057i Japan 7057J 
I Myriactis wightii DC. var. bellidioides 

Hook.f. 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Sispara, Nilgiri Hills) 

V Nananthea perpusilla (Loisel.) DC. i50S0.2oni 

V 15080 France - Corsica 20528 

V 18264 Italy - Sardinia /S26-7 

R Nanothamnus sericeus Rhoma. 7-7782 

R 7-7782 India - Kamaiaka 7-7782 
R 7-7782 India - Maharashtra 14782 

E Neocuatrecasia feuereri R. M. King & H. 

Robinson 20883 
I 2088J Bolivia 20883 

E Neomirandea chiriquensis K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 208S3 

E Neomirandea croatii K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 208S3 Panama 20S83 

E Neomirandea folsomiana Dillon & D'Arcy 20883. 9586 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Neomirandea gracilis K. & R. 20S8J. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

E Neomirandea panamensis K. & R. 208sj, 9006 

I 208SJ Panama 20883 
E Neomirandea pseudopsoralea K. & R. 2088J. 9006 

I 2O88J Panama 20S8J 
E Neomirandea tenuipes K. & R. 20883. 10836 

I 2O88J Panama 20883 

E Neomirandea temata K. & R. 208SJ. /08J6 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Neurolaena intermedia Rydb. 900-7 

R 900-7 Guatemala 900-7 

R Nicolletia occidentalis Gray ex Torr. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 208J0 

R Nidorella resedifolia DC. ssp. serpentinicola 

wad 7«5J 

R Zimbabwe 785J 

R Nipponanthemum nipponicum (Franchet ex Maxim.) 

Kitam. 7057J 

R 7057i Japan 70575 
I Notonia shevaroyensis Fyson 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Shevaroy Hills. Salem Dist) 

R Notoptera hirsuta (Sw.) Urb. 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
R Nouelia insignis Franchet / 76/ 7 

R /767 7 China - Sichuan 77/J9 
R /767 7 China - Yunnan 7//J9 

R Odixia achlaena (D.Morris) Orch. 206S/ 

R 2068/ Australia ■ Tasmania 20687 

R Odixia angusta (Wakef.) Orch. 206S7 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 20687 
R OdontOcWne /(Kafyenii (Griseb.) Nordenstam 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
R OdontOCline glabra (Sw.) Nerdenstam 20883 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Odonlocline 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
R Odontocline laciniata (Sw.) Nordenstam 20883. 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 20883 

R Odontocline tercentenariae (Proctor) 

Nordenstam 20883. 13336 
R 13336 Jamaica 20883 
R Oedera COnferta (Hutch.) Anderb. & K. Bremer 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Oedera foveolata (K.Bremer) Anderb. & K.Bremer 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Oedera nordenstamii (K.Bremer) Anderb. & 

K.Bremer 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Oedera resinifera (K.Bremer) Anderb. & 

K.Bremer 20604 
R 20604 South Africa - Cape Provmce 20604 
R Oedera silicicola (K.Bremer) Anderb. & 

K.Bremer 20604 
R 2060-< South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Oedera Steyniae (L.Bolus) Anderb. & K.Bremer 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Oldenburgia grandis (Thunb.) Baill. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Oldenburgia papionum DC. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Olearia adenophora (F.MueU.) F.Muell. ex 

Benth. 20681 

R 2068/ Australia - Victoria 20681 
R Olearia allenderae J.H.Willis 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Victoria 2068/ 
R Olearia archeri Lander 2O6S1 

R 2068; Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

V Olearia astroloba Lander & N.G.Walsh 2068; 

V 2068; Australia - Victona 2068/ 

R Olearia ballii (F. Muell.) Hemsley 14223 

R ;-<22J Austialia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14223 

R Olearia chathamica 19305 

R 19305 New Zealand - Chatham Is. 19305 

V Olearia cordata Lander 206s; 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068; 
R Olearia ericoides (Steetz) Wakef. 2068I 

R 20681 Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

E Olearia flocktoniae Maiden & Betche 2068/. 5465 

E 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Olearia fragrantissima 19305 

R 20625 New Zealand - South Is. (eastern) 20625 
R Olearia frostii (FMuell.) J.H.V/iUis 206SI 

R 2068/ Australia - Victona 2068/ 

E Olearia hectorii 19305 

E 20625 New Zealand - North Is. 20625 
E 19305 New Zealand - South Is. 19305 

R Olearia heterocarpa S.T.Blake 2068/ 

1 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 20681 Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Olearia hookeri (Sender) Benlh. 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 
E Olearia hygrophila (DC.) Benth. 2068/ 

E 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Olearia lasiophylla Lander 2068/ 



R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

V Olearia macdonnellensis D.A.Cooke 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia • Northern Temtory 2068/ 

E Olearia microdisca J.Black 2068/ 

E 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
R Olearia montana Lander 206S/ 

R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Olearia mooneyi (F. Muell.) Hemsley 14223 

R 14223 Australia - NSW - Lord Howe Is. 14223 

Ex Olearia oliganthema r.Mueli. 206S/. 14223 

Ex 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 20681 

V Olearia pachyphylla Cheeseman 86 

V 19305 New Zealand - North Is. !9305 

R Olearia pannosa Hook. ssp. cardiophylla (F.MueU.) 

D.Cooke 2068/ 
R 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

V Olearia pannosa Hook. ssp. pannosa 20681 

I 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
1 2068/ Australia • Victona 2068/ 

E Olearia polila 1930s 

E 19305 New Zealand - South Is. (Nelson) 20625 
R Olearia pomahaka 20625 

R 20625 New Zealand - South Is. (Otago; Southland) 
20625 

R Olearia quercifolia DC. 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Olearia rhizomatica Lander ms. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - Capital Terntory 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Olearia semidentata Decne. ex Hook.r. 

R New Zealand - Chatham Is, /9/06 

R Olearia stilwelliae Blakely 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Olearia Iraversii (F. Muell.) Hook.f. 19305 

R /9J05 New Zealand - Chatham Is. /9/06 

R Omalotheca sylvatica ssp. carpetana 15846 

R /58-<6 Spain /58-<6 
E Onopordum algeriense (Munby) Pomel I048S 

E I49SS A\gena' 10488 

V Onopordum bracteatum L. var. arachnoideum Erik & 

Sumbul 12840 

V 12840 Turkey 12840 

V Onopordum carduelinum BoUe /■»;66 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is, /7S9/ 

R Onopordum caricum Hub.-Mor. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
E Onopordum cyrenaicum Maire & M. Weiller 

E Libya 

I Onopordum majorii Beauverd 207J/ 

I Greece 

R Onopordum mesatlanticum Emberger & Maire 

R Morocco 

E Onopordum nogalesii Svent. /•»;66 

E 15105 Spain - Canary Is. /7S9/ 
I Onopordum rhodense Boiss. ex Rech.f. 

I Greece 

V Onoseris humboldtiana Ferrcyra I8200 

V 12468 Peru 18200 

R Onoseris macbridei Ferreyra 18200 



-184- 



The 1997 HJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Onoseris 

R I246S Peru IS200 

V Oonopsis engelmannii (Gray) Greene 20S50 
I 20850 US, • Colorado 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Kansas 20850 

V Oonopsis foliosa (Gray) Greene 20850 
I 20M0 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Kansas 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Oonopsis foliosa (Gray) Greene var. 

foliosa 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Kansas 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Oonopsis foliosa (Gray) Greene var. monocephala 

(A. Nels.) Kartesz & Gandhi 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V Oonopsis wardii (Gray) Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Oparanthus albus (F. Brown) Sherff 

V French Polynesia - Marquesas Is 

R Oparanthus COriaceus (F.Brown) Sherff 20845 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 
20845 

R Oparanthus rapensis (F.Brown) Sherff 20845 

R 20845 French Polynesia - Tubuai Is. (Rapa) 
20845 

R Oritrophium blepharophyllum (Blake) Cuatrec. 12473 

R 19537 Venezuela 12473 

R Oritrophium nevadense fvvedd.) Cuatrec. 12473 

R 19537 Venezuela 12473 

R Oritrophium venezuelense (Sicyerm.) Cuatrec. 12473 

R ;95J7 Venezuela J2473 

R Ormenis flahaultii Emberger 

R Morocco 

R Orochaenactis thysanocarpha (Gray) CovUle 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Osteospermum aciphyllum DC. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 2060< 

R Osteospermum elsieae Norl. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Osteospermum hafstroemii Norl. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Ex Osteospermum hirsutum Thunb. 20604. 6iao 

Ex 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

I Osteospermum hispidum Harvey var. virile 

Norl. 20604 
I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Osteospermum nyikense T. Norlindh 

R Malawi 

E Osteospermum sanctae-helenae NorUndh /8996 

E ;8996 St Helena ;8996 

R Othonna armiana Van Jaarsv. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

I Othonna cakilefolia DC. 20604 

20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Othonna gypsicola R.Bates 2068/ 

R 2068y Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

R Othonna hallii B.Nord. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Othonna pteronioides Harv. 20604 



R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I Othonna rechingeri B.Nord. 20604 

I 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Ozothamnus costatifructus (R.v.Smith) 

A.Anderb. 206S; 
R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

V Ozothamnus eriocephalus (J.H.Willis) A.Anderb. 206S/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Ozothamnus expansifolius (Morris & Willis) 

A.Anderb. 2068/ 
R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

R Ozothamnus gunnii Hook.f. 2068I 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

R Ozothamnus lycopodioides Hook.f. 2068/ 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 20681 

Ex Ozothamnus selaginoides Sonder & F.Muell. 206S/ 

Ex 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

V Ozothamnus tesselatus (Maiden & R.Baker) 

A.Anderb. 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

R Ozothamnus vagans (C.White) A.Anderb. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

R Ozothamnus whilei (N.Burb.) A.Anderb. 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 20681 

R Pachystegia rufa 19305 

R /9J05 New Zealand - South Is. 19305 

R Palaeocyanus crassifolius (Bertol.) Dostal 13351. 

20171 
R 1335; Malta (Malta & Gozo) 13351 
R Palafoxia arida B. Turner • M. Morris var. gigantea 

(M.E. Jones) B.L. Turner & Morris 20883. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
20883 Mexico 20883 

E Parafaujasia mauritiana C.Jeffrey 2077/ 

E 2077/ Mauntius 2077/ 

R Paraixeris yoshinoi Nakai /0S73 

R /0575 Japan ;057i 

R Parantennaria uniceps (F.Muell.) Beauverd 2068I 

I 2068/ Australia - Capital Territory 20681 
I 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 20687 
I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

R Parthenice mollis Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

R Parthenium alpinum (Nutt.) Torr. & Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. . New Mexico 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Parthenium integrifolium Mears var. mabryanum 

Mears 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
I 20S50 U.S. - Soudi Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

R Parthenium ligulatum (M.E. Jones) Bameby 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Parthenium radfordii Mears 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nordi Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Soudi Carolina 20850 



-185- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Composilae: Parlhenium 

V Parthenium tetraneuris Barneby 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

E Pectis havanensis Urban 5f,o? 

E I9l0i Cuba (Ciud. Habana) 5607 

R Pectis imberbis Gray 20SS3. 20»iO 

V 20850 US. - Anzona 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20«W 

E Pectis juniperina Rydb. 5607 

E /9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

E Pectis leonis Rydb. 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Sancti Spintus) 5607 

E Pectis pinosia Urban 5607 

E I9WS Cuba (Juventud Is.) 5607 
E Pectis riUandii Howard & Briggs 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Cienfuegos) 5607 
R Pectis rusbyi Greene ex Gray 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. • Anzona 20850 

R Pegolettia dubiefiana Quezel ;o.<s8 

R /■<95S Algeria lO-ISS 

E Pentacalia carpishensis (Cuatrec.) Cuatrec. I8200 

E 9M6 Peru 18200 

E Pentacalia guadalupe ssp. caucana (Cuatr.) 

Cualr. 2088J 
I 20883 Colombia 2088J 

V Pentacalia inomala H. Robinson 2088J, 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

R Pentacalia subdiscolor H. Robinson 2088J. 13336 

R ;iJJ6 Jamaica 20SSJ 

E Pentachaeta bellidiflora Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Pentachaeta exilis (A. Gray) A. Gray ssp. aeolica 

Van Horn & Ornduff 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Pentachaeta fragilis Brandeg. 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Pentachaeta lyonii Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 

V Perezia cirsiifolia Wedd. ;8200 

V J2«S Peru 18200 

V Pericallis multiflora (L'Her.) B.Nord. 20750 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 

R Perityle aglossa Gray 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Perityle ajoensis t.k. Todsen 20883. 20850. ii630 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20S50 
20883 Mexico 20S83 

V Perityle bisetosa (Torr. ex Gray) Shinners 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

V Perityle bisetosa (Torr. ex Gray) Shinners var. 

appressa A.Powell 208S0 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Perityle bisetosa (Torr. ex Gray) Shinners var. 

bisetosa (Torrey) Shinn. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
E Perityle bisetosa (Torr. ex Gray) Shinners var. 

SCalaris A.Powell 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
E Perityle cemua (Greene) Shinners 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 



V Perityle ciliata (L.H. Dewey) Rydb. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V Perityle cinerea (Gray) a. Powell 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Perityle cochisensis (NUes) A. Powell 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
E Perityle congesta (M.E. Jones) Shinners 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V Perityle coronopifolia Gray 2os50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

I 20SJ0 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Perityle dissecta (Torr.) Gray 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

E Perityle fosteri A. PoweM 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
R Perityle gilensis (M. E. Jones) J. F. MacBr. var. 

gilensis 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

V Perityle gilensis A. Powell var. salensis A. 

Powell 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

V Perityle gracilis (M.E.Jones) Rydb. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E Perityle huecoensis A. Powell 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Ex/E Perityle inyoensis (Ferris) A. Powell 20850. 14662 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Perityle megalocephala (S.Watson) J.F. Macbr. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R 20850 U.S. • Nevada 20850 

V Perityle megalocephala (S.Watson) j. F. Macbr. var. 

intricata (Brandeg.) A. Powell 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Perityle megalocephala (S.Watson) J. F. Macbr. var. 

megalocephala 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Perityle rupestris A. Powell var. albiflora A. 

Powell 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
R Perityle rupestris (Gray) Shinners var. 

rupestris 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • Texas 20850 

V Perityle saxicola (Eastw.) Shinners 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

E Perityle specuicola Welsh & Neese 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Perityle staurophylla (Bameby) Shinners var. 

homoflora T.K. Todsen 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Perityle tenella (M.E.Joncs) J.F.Macbr. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • Arizona 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Perityle villosa (Blake) Shinners 20850. 14662 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Perityle vitreomontana Wamock 20850 



-184i- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Perityle 

E 20850 US - Texas 20S50 
E Perityle wamockii A. Powell losso 

E 20850 US. -Texas 20850 

I Perymenium wilburorum McVaugh ;oj54 

E 21204 Mexico - Jalisco 21204 
R Petasites doerfleri Hayek 20/78, 20/7/ 

R 2017S Albania 20178 

V 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 2/09/ 

E Peteravenia cyrili-nelsonii (A. Molina) R. King & H. 

Robinson ;08i6 

E 20050 Honduras ;0SJ6 
E Petrobium arboreum R. Br. ex Sprengel 18996 

E 18996 Si Helena 18996 
R Phagnalon bennettii Lowe ;789; 

R Portugal - Madeira 

I Phagnalon garamantum Maire I04S8 

I /4938 Algena /0-»88 

R Phagnalon iminouakense Emberger 

R Morocco 

R Phagnalon latifolium Maire 

R Morocco 

R Phagnalon metlesicsii PignMi 18264. 20171 

R ;«26-) Italy - Sicily 18264 
R Phagnalon umbelliforme DC. ;5;o5 

R ;5;05 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 
R Phalacrocarpum hoffmannseggii (Samp.) M.Lainz 20/7/ 

E 20076 Ponugal 20076 

R Spain 

R Phoebanthus tenuifolius (Torr. & Gray) Blake 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

I Phymaspermum villosum (Milliard) Kallersjo 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
I 20604 SouUi Afnca - Natal 20604 

V Picris algarbiensis Franco sooo. 20171 

V SJ22 Portugal 8000 

R Picris campylocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. I2S40 

R ;28«) Turkey 12840 
R ftcris cyrenaica (Pampan.) Lack 

R Libya 

V Picris evae Lack 2068; 

I 2068/ Australia ■ New South Wales 20681 
I 2068/ Australia - (Jueensland 2068/ 

R Picris pitardiana Gandoger 

R Morocco 

R Picris willkommii (Sch.Bip.) Nyman 8000. 20171 

E 20705 Pomigal (south east) 8000 
R Spain (south west) 8000 

R Pinaropappus parvus Blake 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Piqueriopsis michoacana R. King 9595 

R 9595 Mexico 9595 
R Pityopsis flexuosa (Nash) Small 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • Flonda 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

V Pityopsis oligantha (Chapman ex Torr. & Gray) 

Small 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 



E 
E 
R 

R 
V 
E 
R 

V 
E 
R 

E 
R 



E 
I 
R 



I 20850 U.S. • Georgia 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 

Pityopsis ruthii (Small) Small 20850 
E 20850 U.S. -Tennessee (Polk County) 20850 

Pladaroxylon leucadendron (Forster f.) Hook.f. /8996 

E /8996 Si Helena /8996 

Plagius flosculosus (L.) Alavi & Hey wood 15080. 
20171 

V 75080 Fiance - Corsica /5080 
R 20805 Italy - Sardinia 15080 

Pleurocarpaea fasciculata Dunlop 2068/ 
R 20681 Australia - Northern Temiory 2068/ 

Pleuropappus phyllocalymmeus F.Muell. 2068; 

V 2O68J Australia ■ South Australia 2068/ 

Pluchea aromatica Balf. f. 15534 

E 15534 Yemen Socotra 15534 
Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) Oliver & Hiem 8003 
R Chad 800J 

R Senegal 8003 

Pluchea longifolia Nash 2oa50 
I 20850 U.S. -Flonda 20850 
Pluchea obovata Balf. r. 15534 
E 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 
Podolepis monticola R.J.Henderson 2068/, 8560 
1 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

Polymnia COSSatOtensis A.B. Pittman & v. Bates 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 

Polymnia laevigata Beadle 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Kenmcky 20850 
Ex 20850 U.S. - Missoun 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

Porophyllum pygmaeum Keil & J. Morefield 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
Prenanthes amabilis Balf. f. 15534 
I 15534 Yemen - Socotra /55J4 
Prenanthes barbata (Torr. & Gray) Milstead 20850 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



Alabama 20850 
Arkansas 20850 
Georgia 20850 
Kenmcky 20850 



R 
V 



20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 
20850 U.S. -Tennessee 20850 
20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

Prenanthes boottii (DC.) Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Maine 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Hampshire 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New York 20850 

E 20850 U.S. -Vermont 20850 

Prenanthes glareosa (Scho.&Kotsc. ex Bois.) C. 

Jeff. 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Prenanthes roanensis (Chickering) Cbickering 20850 

R 20850 U.S. -North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Virginia 20850 

Psacalium nanum Pippen 9SS4 

R /9755 Mexico 9554 

Pseudobahia bahiifolia (Benth.) Rydb. 20S50 



-187- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Pseudobahia 

V 20850 U.S. - California 208S0 

V Pseudobahia peirsonii Munz 20850 

V 2OS50 U.S. - California 20S30 

R Pseudoclappia arenaria Rydb. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
E 20SJ0 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 2OS50 

E Pseudoclappia walsonii Powell & B.L. Turner 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Psiadia arguta (Pers.) Voiget 70082 

R 2077/ Mauntius 10082 

V Psiadia canescens A.j. Scott ;oo82 

V 2077/ Mauntius 70082 

E Psiadia cataractae a.j. Scott 10082 

E 2077/ Mauntius 10082 
R Psiadia lithospermifolia (Lam.) Cordem. ;oo82 

R 2077/ Mauntius 70082 

Ex Psiadia mauritiana a.j. Scott 7oos2 

Ex Mauntius 10082 

R Psiadia melastomoides (Lam.) A.J. Scott 70082 

R 70082 Reunion 10082 
R Psiadia penninervia DC. 70082 

R 2077; Mauritius 70082 

R Psiadia pollicina A.J. Scott 10082 

R 20777 Mauntius 10082 

V Psiadia retusa (Lam.) DC. 70082 

V ;.(2J4 Reunion 70082 

R Psiadia rivalsii A.J. Scott 70082 

R 70082 Reunion 70082 

V Psiadia rodriguesiana Balf.f. 10082 

V 5852 Mauntius - Rodngues 5852 
R Psiadia salaziana Cordem. 10082 

R 70082 Reunion 10082 

R Psiadia terebinthina A.J. Scott 700S2 

R 2077; Mauntius 10082 

V Psilocarphus brevissimus Nuti. var. multiflorus 

Cronq. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
R Pteronia diosmifolia Bmsse 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 2060* 

R Pterothrix tecia Bmsse 206o-( 

R 2060'( South Afnca - Cape Province 2060-» 
R Ptilostemon abylensis (Maire) Greuter 

R Morocco 

R Ptilostemon leptophyllus (Pau & Font Quer) Greuter 

R Morocco 

R ftitos/emon ni'veui (C.Presl) Greater 18264. 20171 

R 78264 Italy (Basilicata, Calabria) IS264 

R Italy - Sicily 

R Pttlicaria armena (Boiss.) Kotschy 72840 

R 72840 Turkey J2840 
E Pulicaria burchardii Hutch. 75705 

E 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 
E Pulicaria canariensis BoUe 75705 

E 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 
E Pulicaria elegans Camel-Edlin 755J4 

E ;55i4 Yemen - Socotra ;55J4 

E Pulicaria filaginoides Pomel 7048s 

E 74958 Algeria 70488 



I Pulicaria glandulosa Caball. 

I Morocco 

E Pulicaria lanata Camal-Eldin 755J4 

E 15534 Yemen - Socotra 755i4 
I Pulicaria omanensis ssp. milleri 

Gamal-Eldin 20746 
I 20746 Oman (Dhofar) 20746 

I Pulicaria pulvinata Gamal-Eldin 20146 

I 20746 Oman (central) 20746 
I Pulicaria rajputanae Blatter & Hallberg 777; 

I India - Rajasthan 7777 

I Pulicaria vieraeoides Half. f. 15534 

I 15534 Yemen - Socotra 15534 
Ex/E Pyrethrum kelleri (Krylov & Plotn.) Krascben. 5942 
Ex/E 5942 Kazakhstan (east) 5942 

I Pyrethrum mikeschinii Tzvelev 

I 5942 Kyrgyzstan 5942 
I 5942 Tajikistan 5942 

V Pyrrocoma carthamoides var. subsquarrosa (Greene) G. 

Brown & Keil 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Pyrrocoma crocea var. genuflexa (Greene) Mayes ex G. 

Brown & Keil 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Arizona 20850 

R Pyrrocoma hirta var. sonchifolia (Greene) Kartesz & 

Gandhi 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

R Pyrrocoma insecticruris Heller 20850 

R 20850 U.S. • Idaho 20850 

V Pyrrocoma liatriformis Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

V Pyrrocoma lucida (Keck) Kartesz & Gandhi 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Pyrrocoma radiata Nutt. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20850 U.S. ■ Oregon 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Pyrrocoma uniflora var. gossypina (Greene) Kartesz & 

Gandhi 20850 

V 20850 US ■ California 20850 

V Raillardella pringlei Greene 20«5o 74662 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Raillardiopsis muirii (Gray) Rydb. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Raillardiopsis scabrida (Eastw.) Rydb. 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Raoulia cinerea Petrie 86 

E New Zealand - South Is. 

R Reichardia crystallina (Schultz Bip.) D. 

Bramwell 75705 

R 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 
R /Jei'cAardia/araarac D. Bramwell* Kunkel 75/05 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 
E Relhania rotundifolia Less. 20604 

E 20604 Soudl Afnca • Cape Province 20604 



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The 1997 ITJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Relhania 

R Relhania spathulifolia K.Bremer 20604 

R 20604 South Africa • Cape Province 20604 
E Remya kauaiensis Hbd. 20*50 

E 20850 U.S. -Hawaii 20S50 

E Remya kauaiensis Hillebrand var. 

kauaiensis 14209 

E 14209 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 14209 

E Remya mauiensis Hbd. 20850. 14209 

E 20S50 U.S. - Hawaii (West Maui) 20850 
E Remya montgomeryi VV.L. Wagner & Herbst 20850. 14209 

E 20M0 U.S. - Hawaii (Kauai) 20S50 
R Revealia macrocephala (Paray) R. King & H. 

Robinson W816 

R 10836 Mexico 10836 
Ex/E Rhamphogyne rhynchocarpa (Balf.f.) S. Moore 10082 

Ex/E 5852 Mauntius - Rodngues ;0082 

R Rhaponticum aulieatense Djin 5942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan (southern border with Kyrgystan) 

5942 
R 5942 Kyrgyzstan (border with Kazakhstan) 5942 

E Rhaponticum canariensis DC. 

E Spain - Canary Is. 

E Rhodogeron coronopifolius Griseb. 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Villa Clara) 5607 
E Robinsonia berterii 19116 

E ;9;;6 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Robinsonia evenia PhiUppi 19116 

V 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Robinsonia gayana Decne. ;9;/6 

V 79/25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Robinsonia gracilis Decne. 19116 

V ;9;25 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

E Robinsonia macrocephala 19116 

E /9;;6 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

V Robinsonia masafuerae Skottsb. 191 16 

V 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 
E Robinsonia thurifera Decne. /9;;6 

E 19125 Chile - Juan Fernandez Is. 19116 

E Rothmaleria granatensis (Boiss. ex DC.) Font 

Quer 15398. 20171 
E /9S;s Spain (Granada) 19818 

E Rudbeckia auriculata (Perdue) Krai 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 

V Rudbeckia graminifolia (Torr. & Gray) C.L.Boynt & 

Beadle 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

V Rudbeckia heliopsidis Torr. & Gray 20850 

■ Alabama 20850 
• Georgia 20850 

■ Louisiana 20850 

■ North Carolma 20850 
- South Carolina 208S0 

■ Virginia 20850 

Rudbeckia nitida Nun. var. nitida 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Florida 20850 
R 20S50 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

Rudbeckia scabrifolia L.E. Brown 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Louisiana 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 



V 


20850 


u.s 


E 


20850 


u.s 


I 


20850 


u.s 


E 


20850 


u.s 


E 


20850 


u.s 


E 


20850 


u.s 



R 
V 
E 
V 
E 

R 

V 

E 

I 

I 

I 

I 

R 

V 

V 

R 

R 

V 

R 

V 

V 



Rudbeckia triloba L. var. pinnatiloba Torr. & 

Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
E 20S50 U.S. - Florida 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Nordi Carolina 20850 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Virginia 20850 

Rugelia nudicaulis Shuttlw. ex Chapman 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

Rumfordia revealii H. Robinson 9604 
R 19755 Mexico 9604 

Rutidosis heterogama Philipson 206s; 

V 20681 Australia - New Soudl Wales 2068/ 

Rutidosis lanata .4.E.Holland 20681 

E 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068; 

Rutidosis leiolepis F.MueU. 2068; 

V 2068/ Australia - New Soudl Wales 20681 

Rutidosis leptorrhynchoides F.Muell. 2068/ 

I 2068; Australia - Capital Temtory 2068; 



20681 Australia - New South Wales 20681 
20681 Australia - Victona 2068; 



Sabazia gonzalezae B. Turner 10357 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango /0J57 

Sachsia polycephala Griseb. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

Sachsia tricephala Griseb. 5607 
E ;9;o5 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 
Salmea caleoides Griseb. 5607 

I ;9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

Salmea glaberrima C. Wnghi 

I /9;05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) ;9;05 
Salmea sessilifolia Griseb. 20883. 13336 

I 13336 Jamaica 20883 

Salmea umatilis Robins. 5607 

I 19105 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

Santolina ascensionis Sennen 

R Morocco 

Santolina elegans Boiss. ex DC. ;5i98. 20; 7; 

V Spain ;5J9S 

Santolina impressa Hoffmanns. & Link 8000 

V 20076 Portugal 20076 
Santolina ligustica Arrigoni 18264 

R 18264 Italy (Liguna) 18264 
Santolina neapolitana Jordan & Fourr. ;826^ 
R 18264 Italy (Campania) 18264 

Santolina semidentata Hoffmaims. & Link 8000 

V 20076 Portugal 20076 

Santolina viscosa Lag. 20171 

R Spain (gypsum soils) 

Sarcanthemum coronopus (Lam.) Cass. 10082 

V 5852 Mauritius - Rodrigues 10082 
Sartwellia gypsophila Powell & B.L. Turner 20850, 

9651 
I 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

? Mexico - Chihuahua 9651 

Saussurea alpicola Kitamura ;5957 
R ;592J Korea. Soudl (north to Mt Nangrim) 
;5957 

Saussurea atkinsoni c.B. Clarke 

I India - Himachal Pradesh 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Saussurea 

1 India - Jammu & Kashmir 

R Saussurea bracteata Decne. 

R 13SS3 India - HImachal Pradesh nsSS 
R 13883 India - Jammu & Kashmir 13883 
R 13883 India - Ultar Pradesh 13883 
R 13883 Pakistan 13883 

R Saussurea chinophylla Takeda W573 

R 10573 Japan 10573 
R Saussurea clarkei Hooks. 11494 

R 11494 India - Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir Himalaya) 

11494 

E I Saussurea costus (Falc.) Lipsch. 7955 

E /JSW India - Himachal Pradesh 13883 
E ;J88J India - Jammu & Kashmir 13883 
E 13883 Paltistan 13883 

R Saussurea diamantiaca Nakai ;5957 

R 15923 Korea, South ;J957 
I Saussurea foliosa Edgew. 

1 India - Uttar Pradesh (Garhwal; Kumaun) 

R Saussurea franchetii Koidz. 1057s 

R 10573 Japan ;057J 
R Saussurea inaensis Kjtam. ;057J 

R ;0J7J Japan 10573 
R Saussurea insularis Kjtam. ;057j 

R J057J Japan W573 
R Saussurea involucrata Karelin & Kir. ex Maxim. /7(;/7 

V ; 76; 7 China - Xinjiang UygurZizhiqu 11139 
R former USSR 6930 

R Saussurea kanzanensis Kitamura 205;; 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 
R Saussurea kiraisiensis Masamune 205;; 

R 205/; Taiwan 205// 
I Saussurea kitamurana Miyabe & Tatew. 5942 

I 5W2 Russia (Far East) - Khabarovsli (south) 
5942 

I 5M2 Russia (Far East) - Primorye 5942 

I 5942 Russia (Far East) - Sakhalin 5942 

R Saussurea riederi Herder ssp. kudoana 

Kitam. ;057J 
R ;057J Japan ;0J7J 
I Saussurea roylei (DC.) Schultz Bip. 

1 India - Himachal Pradesh 

I India - Jammu & Kashmir 

I India - Uttar Pradesh 

R Saussurea sovietica Komarov 5942 

R 5942 Russia (Far East) - Primorye 5942 

R Saussurea yakusimensis Masam. 10573 

R 10573 Japan 10573 
R Saussurea yoshinagae Kitam. 10573 

R /057J Japan 10573 
R Scalesiaaffinis Hook.!. 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos ////7 

R Sealesiaaspera \nderssoa 11117 

R Ecuador ■ Galapagos {Eden. Santa Cruz) 

5670 

E Scalesia atractyloides Arn. var. 

atractyloides 11117 
E ;'(9«0 Ecuador - Galapagos (west Santiago) 9389 
E Scalesia atractyloides Am. var. darwinii 

(Hook.r.) Eliasson j;;;7 
E Ecuador - Galapagos (west Santiago) 9389 



R Scalesia baurii Robinson & Greenman ssp. 

baurii inn 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Pinta; Rabida; Wolf) 

11117 

R Scalesia baurii Robinson & Greenman ssp. hopkinsH 

(Robinson) Eliasson 11117 
R Ecuador - Galapagos (Pinta; WolO 11117 

R Scalesia cordata A.stc'^art 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (V.Sierra Negra; Cerro 

Azul) 11117 

R Scalesia crocked i.HovieU 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos 11117 

R 5ca/exia (/I'vi'sa Andersson 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (San Cristobal) 

11117 

V Scalesia gordilloi Hamann & Wium-Anders. 7747 

V /•<980 Ecuador - Galapagos 7747 

R Scalesia helleri Robinson ssp. helleri 11117 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (Santa Cruz; Santa Fe) 

inn 

E Scalesia helleri Robinson ssp. santacruTiana 

Harling IIII7 
E 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos (south-east Santa Cruz) 
9J89 

R Scalesia incisa Hook.f. inn 

R Ecuador - Galapagos (San Cristobal) 

11117 

E Scalesia retroflexa Hemsley 11117 

E 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos (Punta Nunnez, Santa 
Cruz) 9JS9 

V Scalesia stewartii Riiey 11117 

V 14980 Ecuador - Galapagos 9389 

R Scalesia villosa \. Stewart inn 

R Ecuador - Galapagos {incl. Floreana) 

11117 

R Scariola tetrantha (B.l. Burtt & P. Davis) 

Sojak 14230 
R 19164 Cyprus (Khionistra, Kryos Potamos) 
14230 

E Schistocarpha croatii H.E. Rob. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama •2088J 
E Sciadocephala dressleri K. & R. 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

I Scorzonera argyria Boiss. i284o 

I 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Scorzonera aucheriana DC. ;28'«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;28-»0 

R Scorzonera boissieri Lipschitz i284o 

R ;28.«) Turkey 12840 
R Scorzonera davisii Lipschitz 12840 

R ;2840 Turkey 12840 
E Scorzonera drarii Tackh. 

E Egypt 

V Scorzonera hieracifolia Hayek /28«) 

V ;2S.«) Turkey 12840 

R Scorzonera iV/aea (Gand.) Lipsch. 20/7; 

R 207i; Greece - Crete 20731 
R Scorzonera inaequiscapa Boiss. ;28.«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S«) 
R Scorzonera lacera Boiss. & Bal. 12840 



-190- 



5942 


5942 


5942 


5942 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 
Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae; Scorzonera 

R 12840 Turkey I2S40 
R Scorzonera lasiocarpa Chamb. I2S40 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 
R Scorzonera mirabilis Lipschitz I2S40 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Scorzonera pisidica Huber-Mor. i2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Scorzonera pygmaea Sibth. & Sm. ;2S«) 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S40 
R Scorzonera rhodantha Hausskn. 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Scorzonera sandrasica Hartvig & Strid 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Scorzonera scyria M.A.Gust. & Snogerup 20/7; 

R Greece 

R Scorzonera serpentinica Rech.f. 20171 

R Greece 

R Scorzonera suberosa c. Koch. ssp. cariensis 

(Boiss.) Chamb. ;2S-«) 
R ;2S.»0 Turkey ;2S.<0 

I Scorzonera tau-saghyz Lipsch. & Bosse 5942 

Kazakhstan 5942 

Kyrgyzstan 5942 

Tajikistan 5942 

Uzbekistan 5942 

R Scorzonera violacea Chamb. i2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Senecio aconquijae Cabrera 19448 

R 20;76 Argentina - Tucuman 20;7<i 

V Senecio actinella Greene 2os50 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V Senecio appendiculatus (L. f.) Schultz Bip. 15105 

V ;5;05 Spam - Canary Is. 15105 

R Senecio astephanus Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Senecio austromontanus Milliard 20604 

R 2060^ Lesotho 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Senecio azulensis Alain 5607 

R 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

E Senecio behrianus Sonder & F.Muell. 206S;, 14223 

Ex/E 206«; Australia ■ New South Wales 206S; 
Ex/E 20681 Australia ■ South Australia 206«; 
E 20681 Australia - Victoria 20681 

V Senecio bemardinus Greene 2oa50 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Senecio bicolor (Wiiid.) Tod. ssp. nebrodensis 

(Guss.) Chater 18264.20171 
R ;«264 Italy - Sicily 78264 

R Senecio bifistulosus Hook.f. 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

R Senecio blochmaniae Greene 20SJO 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Senecio bollei Smiding & Kunkel 75/05 

V ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

I Senecio boluangensis H. Koyama 19120 

I 19120 TTiailand /9;20 
E Senecio boquetensis Standi. 2088J, 9006 



I 20883 Panama 20883 
E Senecio caespitosus Brot. 19488 

E 20076 Pomigal 20076 

R Senecio cambrensis Rosser sooo 

R 5.»87 United Kingdom (Nonh Wales) 5J87 
R Senecio canaliculatus Bojer ex DC. /OJ68 

R 20578 Madagascar (Antananarivo) 20578 

R Senecio capillifolius Hook.f. 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 

R Senecio cardamine Greene 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Anzona 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

R Senecio cariensis Boiss. /2840 

R 72840 Turkey 12840 

V Senecio carinatus Greenman 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

I Senecio carlomasonii B.L. Turner & T.M. 

Barkl. 208SJ. 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Arizona 20850 
I 2088J Mexico 20883 

R Senecio carpetanus Boiss. & Rem. 20/7; 

R 20692 Spain (central & Ibenc Mts.) 20692 

R Senecio cedrorum Raynal ;oj68 

R 20578 Madagascar (Toliara) 20578 

R Senecio chalchaquinus Cabrera 16336 

R 19448 Argentina 16336 
R Senecio chalureaui Humbert 

R Morocco 

E Senecio coincyi Rouy 15846. 20171 

E ;5846 Spain 15846 
R Senecio coleophyllus Turcz. 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Senecio compactus Kirk 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

I Senecio craibianus Hosseus 

I Thailand 

R Senecio crocatus Rydb. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Senecio cylindrocephalus Cabrera /6ij6 

R /9448 Argentina /6JJ6 

R 20/76 Argentina - Catamarca 20176 

R 20/76 Argentina - Tucuman 20/76 

I Senecio dalzellii C.B. Clarke 

1 India - Kamataka 

R Senecio davisii Matthews i284o 

R /2840 Turkey 12840 

V Senecio dimorphophyllus T. Barkley & Beauch. var. 

intermedius T.M. Barkl. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Senecio doronicum (L.) L. ssp. ruthenensis (Mazuc 

& Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman 20/7/ 

V 20/7/ France 20/7/ 

E Senecio elodes Boiss. ex DC. ;5J98, 20/7/ 

E /5J98 Spain (Sierra Nevada) //496 

R Senecio eriopus woik. 20171 

R Spain 



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The 1997 RJCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Senecio 
E Senecio ertterae T.M. Barkl. losso 

E 20850 U.S. • Oregon 20850 

R Senecio eubaeus Boiss. & Heldr. 201 71 

R Greece 

V Senecio eurycephalus Torr. & Gray ex Gray var. 

lewisrosei (J.T. HoweU) T.M. Barkl. 20*50 

V 20SS0 U.S. - California 20S50 
I Senecio exuberans R.A.Dyer 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 
R Senecio farfarifolius Roiss. & Kotscby J2840. 20171 

R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

R Senecio flaccidus var. doug/asii (DC.) B.L. Turner & 

T.M. Barkl. 20850 

I 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

I Senecio flagellifolius Cabrera 16336 

I ;6JJ6 Argentina ;6Ji6 
I 20/76 Argentina - Tucuman 20176 

I Senecio foeniculoides Harv. 20604 

I 2060'» South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Senecio formosanus (SasaUi) Kitamara 20511 

R 20511 Taiwan 20511 

E Senecio franciscanus Greene 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Arizona (Coconino Nat. Forest) 
20«50 

E Senecio furusei Kitam. 10573 

E /057J Japan ;057J 
R Senecio gallerandianus Coss. & Durieu I0488 

R ;495S Algena /OJSS 

V Senecio ganderi T.M. Barkl. & Beauchamp 20850 

V 20S50 U.S. - California 20S50 

I Senecio gardneri (Thwaites) C.B. Clarke S021 

I ;6;62 Sn Lanka (Kandy) 802/ 

V Senecio garlandii Belcher 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 

Ex Senecio georgianus DC. 2068/. 5.<65 

Ex 2068/ Australia - New South Wales 2068/ 
Ex 2068/ Australia ■ South Australia 2068/ 
Ex 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

R Senecio glaucus L. ssp. cyprius 

Meikle /42J0 
R I9I64 Cyprus 14230 
R Senecio gnaphalodes Sieber 20171 

R 207J/ Greece - Crete (inc. Sana, Karpathos) 
20 7J/ 

R Senecio greenei Gray 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
E Senecio hadrosomus Svent. ;j/05 

E /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 

E Senecio hansenii Kunkel /5;05 

E /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 

E Senecio hansweberi Cuatr. 20883. 964i 

1 20883 Costa Rica 20883 

E Senecio hermosae Pitard /5/05 

E 19174 Spain • Canary Is. 14155 

V Senecio hesperius Greene 10850 

V 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

R Senecio hieronymi Grhebaeb 20176 

R 20/76 Argentina - Cordoba 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - Caiamarca 20/76 



R 20/76 Argentina ■ Jujuy 20/76 

R 20/76 Argentina - La Rioja 20176 

R 20/76 Argentina - Mendoza 20/76 

R 20/76 Argentina - Salta 20/76 

R 20/76 Argentina - Santiago del Estero 20/76 

R 20/76 Argentina - San Luis 20/76 

E Senecio huachucanus Gray 20883. soss 

V /9002 U.S. - Arizona 8058 
E 2088J Mexico 20883 

V Senecio huntii F. Muell. 

V New Zealand ■ Chatham Is. 

R Senecio hyperborealis Greenm. ssp. wrangelica 

Jurtz., Korobk. & Petrovsky 21309 
R 2/i09 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 
R Senecio hypochionaeus Boiss. var. 

hypochionaeus i2S4o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

R Senecio insubricus Hess & Landolt IS154. 20678 

I Italy 8000 

R I8IS4 Switzeriand 18154 

V Senecio inlegerrimus Nuti. var. ochroleucus (Gray) 

Cronq. 20850. 14409 
I 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 
Ex/E 20850 Canada • British Columbia 20850 

20850 U.S. ■ California 20850 

20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

R Senecio jacobaea L. ssp. gollandicus (Neuman) 

sterner /82/6 
R 18216 Sweden /S2;6 
R Senecio johnstonii Oliv. ssp. battiscombei (R.E. & 

T.C.E. Fr.) Mabberley var. battiscombei 20057 
R 17435 Kenya (Mt. Kenya; Nyandarua;Aberdares) 
20057 

V Senecio johnstonii OUv. ssp. battiscombei (R.E. & 

T.C.E. Fr.) Mabberley var. cherenganiensis Colton & 
Blakel. 20057 

V 20057 Kenya (Cherengani hills) 20057 

V Senecio johnstonii OUv. ssp. battiscombei (R.E. & 

T.C.E. Fr.) Mabberley var. dalei (Cotton & Blakelock) C. 
Jeffrey 20057 

V 20057 Kenya (Marakwet) 20057 

R Senecio johnstonii OUv. ssp. elgonensis (T.C.E. 

Fr.) Mabberley var. elgonensis 20057 
R 20057 Kenya (Mt. Elgon) 20057 
R 20057 Uganda (Ml. Elgon) 20057 

R Senecio johnstonii OUv. ssp. elgonensis (T.C.E. 

Fr.) Mabberley var. ligulatUS (Cotton & Blakel.) C. 

Jeffrey 20057 
R 20057 Kenya (Mt. Elgon) 20057 
R 20057 Uganda (Ml. Elgon) 20057 

R Senecio jurineifolius Boiss. & Bal. i2840 

R /2840 Turkey /2840 

R Senecio kalingenwae HilUard & B.L.Burtt 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Natal 20604 

R Senecio karelinoides Winkler 8001 

R Asiatic USSR. (Pamir-Alai) 69J0 

R Senecio keniensis Bak. ssp. brassiciformis (R.E. & 

T.C.E. Fr.) C. Jeffrey 20057 

R 20057 Kenya (Nyandarua; Aberdares) 20057 

R Senecio keniensis Bak. ssp. keniensis 20057 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Senecio 

R 20057 Kenya (Mt. Kenya) 20057 
R Senecio keniodendron R.E. & T.C.E. Fries 20057 

R 20057 Kenya (Mt- Kenya; Nyandania; Aberdares) 
20057 

E Senecio kuhbieri Cuatr. 20SS3. 964/ 

I 20S8J Costa Rica 2088i 

E Senecio kundaicus C. Fischer 11494 

E 11494 India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

E Senecio lagascanus DC. ssp. lusitanicus (P.Cout) 

Pinto da Silva 20076 
E 20076 Portugal I7S9I 

E Senecio lamarckianus Bullock ;o260 

E 2077/ Mauritius }00S2 

V Senecio laticostatus Belcher 206SI 

V 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

R Senecio lautus Forst.f. ex Willd. var. esperensis 

Sykes 1 9106 
R ;9J0J New Zealand - Kermadec Is. 19106 

V Senecio layneae Greene 208SO 

V 20850 US, - California 20S50 

R Senecio lazicus Boiss. & Bal. i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Senecio lemmonii Gray 20850 

I 20850 US. - Anzona 20850 
R Senecio leucoglossus F.Muell. 2068I 

R 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 

V Senecio lopezii Boiss. 20/7; 

E 20076 Pormgal 20076 

V Spain 

E Senecio lyonii Gray 20S50 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Senecio macranthus A.Rich. 2068/ 

R 206S; Australia - New South Wales 20681 

V Senecio macrocarpus Belcher 2068/ 

I 20681 Australia - South Australia 2068/ 
Ex/E 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 
I 2068/ Australia - Victoria 2068/ 

R Senecio malacitanus Huter ssp. frigidus (Boiss.) 

S. Rivas-martinez, A. Asensi, J. Molero Mesa & f. VaUe 20874 

R 20874 Spain (Sierra Nevada) 20874 
R Senecio malvifolius (L'Hir.) DC. /9/ 74. 2017/ 

R 19/74 Portugal - Azores /9/74 

R Senecio marotiri 19305 

R /9J05 New Zealand - North Is. /9J05 

R Senecio mayurii c. Fischer /4782 

R /4782 India - Kamataka /•»782 

V Senecio megaglossus F.Muell. 2068/ 

V 2068/ Australia - South Australia 2068/ 

R Senecio meuselii Rauh /0368 

R 20578 Madagascar (Fianarantsoa) 20578 

V Senecio millefolium Torr. & Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

North Carolina 20850 
South Carolina 20850 
Virginia 20850 

Senecio mishmi Clarke /4782 

V /4782 India - Meghalaya /•»782 
Senecio moaensis Alain 5607 

V /9/05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

Senecio moldenkei Greenman 5607 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



R 
I 

V 
R 
R 

V 
V 
R 
R 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 

V 

V 
R 
R 
R 



R 19/05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 
Senecio monisonensis Hayata 205// 
R 205/; Taiwan 205// 

Senecio multidentatus var. huachucanus (Gray) T.M. 

Barkl. 20883. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
I 2088.) Mexico 20883 

Senecio multiflonis (L'Herit.) Schultz Bip. /5105 

V /5/05 Spam - Canary Is. /5/05 
Senecio murrayi Boriun. /s/05 

R 15/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
Senecio neomexicanus (Greene) T.M. Barkl. var. 
toumeyi (Greene) T.M. Barkl. 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

Senecio neowebsteri Blake 208JO 

? 20850 U.S. - Washington 20850 

Senecio nevadensis Boiss. & Reut. 8000. 20171 

V Spain //496 

Senecio newcombei Greene 20850. /0701 

R 20850 Canada - Bntish Columbia 20850 

Senecio olympicus Boiss. /284o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 
Senecio otopterus Philippi /6336 
I /6JJ6 Argentina 16336 
I 20/76 Argentina - Jujuy 20/76 
I 20/ 76 Argentina - Tucuman 20/ 76 

Senecio ovatifolius Boiss. 12840 
R 12840 Turkey /2840 
Senecio pachylepis Greenman 5607 
R /9/05 Cuba (Holguin. Guantanamo) 5607 
Senecio palmensis (C. Smith ex Necs) Link /5/05 
R /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 
Senecio papillosus F.Muell. 2068/ 
R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 2068/ 
Senecio peltophorus Brenan 7849 
R Malawi 7849 

Senecio penlacopus D. Dmry 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

Senecio perdicioides Hook.f. 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

Senecio persoonii Dc Not. 20/7/ 

R Italy 

Senecio petraeus Boiss. & Reut. 20/7/ 

R Spain 

Senecio platyphyllus DC. var. glandulosus 
Mathews /2840 

R /284(l Turkey /2840 

Senecio primulifolius F.Muell. 20681 
R 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 206S1 
Senecio quaerens Greene 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

Senecio quercetorum Greene 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

Senecio quinqueradiatus Boiss. ex DC. 20/7/ 
R Spain 

Senecio radiolatus F. Muell. 

R New Zealand - Chatham Is. 

Senecio radiolatus ssp. antipodus 19106 



-193- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Senecio 

R I9J06 New Zealand - Antipodes Is. 19106 

R Senecio rhabdos Clarke 14782 

R 14782 India - Manipur 14782 
R 14782 India - Nagaland 14782 

R Senecio roripaefolius Cabrera 16336 

R ]6336 Argentina 16336 
R 20/76 Argentina - Catamarca 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - La Rioja 20/76 
R 20/76 Argentina - Tucuman 20/76 

V Senecio rosinae Gamisans /50so 

V 15080 France - Corsica 15080 
R Senecio sacramentanus Wool. & Standi. 2085 

R 20850 US- - New Mexico 20850 
R Senecio sandrasicus Davis I2840 

R I2S40 Turkey /2S.(0 

R Senecio saniensis Milliard & B.L.Burtt 2060.< 



R 
V 

R 
E 



R 

R 

I 

R 

I 

R 



R 
R 



20604 Lesotho 20604 

20604 South Afnca - Natal 2060.< 



Senecio saugetii Alain 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 

Senecio saxifragoides Hook.f. 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

Senecio scaberulus I9305 

V /9J05 New Zealand - North Is. /9J05 

V 19305 New Zealand - South Is. 1930S 

Senecio sciadophilus Raoul 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

Senecio smithianus Cabrera i82oo 

E 9446 Pern /S200 

Senecio spellenbergii T.M. Barkl. 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
Senecio steetzii BoUe 15105 

R /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. ;5/05 
Senecio streptanthifolius Greene var. laetiflorus 
(Greene) J.F. Bain 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 

1 20850 U.S. • Nevada 20850 

1 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

Senecio taitoensis Hayata 205// 

R 20511 Taiwan 205/; 

Senecio takedanus Kitam. /0575 

R /057J Japan /057J 

Senecio tauricolus Matthews 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Senecio teneriffae Schultz Bip. 

I Spam - Canary Is. 

Senecio traversii F. MueU. 

R New Zealand - South Is. 

Senecio tucumanensis Cabrera /6jj6 

1 16336 Argentina 16336 
Senecio tumeri Cheeseman 

R New Zealand - North Is. 

Senecio uniflorus (All.) AU., non Retz. iai54 

R 20528 France 20528 

1 Italy 20528 

R /8/5-< Switzerland 18154 

Senecio villifructus Milliard 20604 
R 2060'» South Afnca • Natal 20604 
Senecio violaefolius Cabrera /246S 

R 12468 Pern 12468 



R 
R 



R 
R 
R 
R 



I 
V 



V 
R 

R 
E 
E 

V 



Senecio wamockii Shinners 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 
R 20850 US. -Texas 20850 

Senecio whyteanus Britten 7757 
R Malawi (Mlanje) 7757 

Serratula bulgarica Acht. & stoj. sooo. 20171 
R 5204 Bulgaria (north-east) 5204 

V /9608 Romania (eastern) 8000 

Serratula cichoracea (L.) DC. ssp. cretica 

Turrill 20171 
R 2075/ Greece - Crete 20731 
Serratula flavescens (h.) Pair. 20171 
R Spain 

Serratula hakkiarica Davis 12840 
R 12840 Turkey /2840 
Serratula lasiocephala Bornm. 12840 
R 12840 Turkey ;2840 
Serratula lycopifolia (VUl.) A.Kern. 8000. 20/7/ 

V Austna 

V 21091 Bosnia & Herzegovina 21091 
Czech & Slovak Federal Republic 

20528 France 20528 

20686 Hungary 20686 

/9J66 Poland (south ease) /S2/6 

/9947 Romania 2065/ 

/96/5 Slovakia /96/5 

13662 Slovenia (south western) 13662 

Serratula tanaitica P.A.Smim. 5942. 20/7/ 

I 5942 Russia (E Europe) - South 5942 
Silphium brachiatum Gattinger 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Kentucky 20850 

V 20850 U.S. -Tennessee 20850 

Silphium perfoliatum L. var. connatum (L.) 

Cronq. 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Kentucky 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Maryland 20850 

20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
I 20850 U.S. ■ Virginia 20850 
E 20850 US - West Virginia 20850 

Silphium pinnatifidum EU. 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. - Alabama 20850 
■ Georgia 20850 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



Illinois 20850 
Indiana 20850 
Kentucky 20850 
Ohio 20850 
Tennessee 20850 



Silphium reverchonii Bush 208SO 

I 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 
Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq. var. luciae-brauniae 

Steyerraark 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Illinois 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Kennicky 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Mississippi 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Ohio 20850 

Simsia jamaicensis B\ake 20S83. 13336 
R 75556 Jamaica 20883 
Simsia panamensis Rob. & Brett. 20SSJ. 9006 
I 20883 Panama 20883 
Sipolisia lanuginosa Glaz. 2J58 
E 2358 Brazil - Minas Gerais 2558 
Solidago albopilosa E.L. Braun 20850 
V 20850 U.S. - Kenmcky 20850 



-194- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Solidago 

V Solidago deamii Fem. 20sso 

V 20850 US, - Indiana 208S0 

V Solidago dumetorum Lunell 20Si0 

I 20850 Canada - Saskatchewan 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - North Dakota 20850 

Ex/E Solidago durangensis Nesom 14294 

E.\/E 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

R Solidago gattingeri Chapman 20«50 

I 20850 U.S. - Arkansas 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Missouri 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Tennessee 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

R Solidago glomerata Michx. 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

V 20850 U.S. • Tennessee 20850 

V Solidago guiradonis Gray 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. • California 20850 

R Solidago houghtonii Torr. & Gray ex Gray 20850, 

;«52 

V 20850 Canada - Onurio 20850 
I 20S50 U.S. - Illinois 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Michigan 20850 

E 20850 U.S. • New York (Genesee Co.) 20S50 

I Solidago macrorrhiza Lange 20/7; 

I France 

I Spain 

R Solidago minutissima (Makino) Kitam. /057J 

R 10573 Japan 10573 

R Solidago mollis Shinners var. angustata 

Shinners 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Oklahoma 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20S50 

R Solidago ouachitensis c.& j. Taylor 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ Arkansas 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • Oklahoma 20850 

E Solidago plumosa Small 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
Ex/E Solidago porteri Small 20S50. ;'(662 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
Ex ;-<662 U.S. • North Carolina 14662 

R Solidago pulchra Small 20850 

R 20850 U.S. ■ North Carolina 20850 
E Solidago shortii Torr. & Gray 20850 

E 20850 U.S. ■ Indiana 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. - Kennicky (Robertson County) 20850 

E Solidago simplex var. chlorolepis (Fem.) Kartesz & 

Gaodhi 20850 
E 20850 Canada - (Juebec 20850 

V Solidago simplex var. ontarioensis (Ringius) 

Ringius 20850 
I 20850 Canada - Manitoba 20850 
R 20850 Canada ■ Ontano 20850 
I 20850 U.S. • Michigan 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Wisconsin 20850 

V Solidago simulans Fem. 2os50 

I 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 

E Solidago spithamaea M.A. Curtis 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - North Carolina (Avery Co.) 20850 
E 20850 U.S. -Tennessee (Carter Co.) 20850 

R Solidago vema M.A. Curtis 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - North Carolina 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - South Carolina 20850 



V Solidago virgaurea L. ssp. rupicola (Rouy) 

Lambinon 20528 

V 20528 France (south-west) 20528 
R Sonchus acaulis Dum. Cours. /5;o5 

R y5;05 Spam ■ Canary Is. /5/OJ 

E Sonchus arboreus DC. 

E Spain - Canary Is. 

V Sonchus bommuelleri Pitard /5;o5 

E ;5/05 Spain Canary Is. ;5/05 

V Sonchus bourgeaui Schultz Bip. /5;o5 

V 15105 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

R Sonchus brachylobus Webb & Berthel. ;5;05 

R /5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 

V Sonchus canadensis (Schultz Bip.) Boulos ;5/05 

V /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 

V Sonchus erzincanicus Matthews i2840 

V 12840 Turkey I2S40 

V Sonchus fauces-orci Knocbe /5/05 

V 20750 Spain ■ Canary Is. 75/05 

R Sonchus filifolius Sveni. 20750 

R 20750 Spam - Canary Is. 20750 

E Sonchus gandogeri Pitard /5/05 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 

R Sonchus gonzalezpadronii Svem. /5/05 

R 75705 Spain - Canary Is. 75/05 
R Sonchus gummifer Link /5705 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 

V Sonchus imbricatus Svent. 75/05 

V /5705 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 

R Sonchus leptocephalus Cass. ssp. capillaris 

(Svent.) Aldridge 

R Spain - Canary Is. 

R Sonchus ortunoi Svent. 75705 

R 75705 Spam - Canary Is. 75705 
R Sonchus pinnatus Alton 

R Portugal - Madeira 

E Sonchus pinnatus Alton, ssp. canariensis (Schultz 

Bip.) Aldridge 
E Spain - Canary Is. 

R Sonchus platylepis Webb ex Schultz Bip. 

R Spain - Canary Is. 

V Sonchus radicatus Aiton ssp. gummifer (Link) 

Aldridge 

V Spain - Canary Is. 

E Sonchus radicatus Aiton ssp. tectifolius (Svent.) 

Aldridge 

E Spain - Canary Is. 

R Sonchus regis-jubae Pitard 

R Spain - Canary Is. 

V Sonchus tectifolius Svent. 75705 

V 75/05 Spain - Canary Is. 75705 

R Sonchus tuberifer Svent. 75/05 

R /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5705 

V Sonchus ustulatus Lowe ssp. maderensis Aldr., in 

press 

V Portugal - Madeira 

R Sonchus ustulatus Lowe ssp. ustulatus 

R Portugal ■ Madeira 



-195- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Sonchus 

E Sonchus wildpretii U. et A. Reifenberger 19464 

E 19464 Spain - Canary Is. (Gomera) 19464 

V Spaniopappus ekmanii Robins. 5607 

V 19105 Cuba (Guantanamo) 5607 
R Sphaeromeria argentea Nutt. 208S0 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Colorado 20850 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Idaho 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

I 20«J0 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

V 20450 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

R Sphaeromeria capitata Nuti. 20S50 

E 208JO U.S. - Colorado 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
E 20850 U.S. • Utah 20850 

R 20S50 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Sphaeromeria compacta (Hall) Holmgren, Shultz & 

Lowrey 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. • Nevada 20850 

V Sphaeromeria ruthiae Holmgren, Shullz & Lowrey 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Sphaeromeria simplex (A. Nels.) Heller 20850 

E 20S50 U.S. ■ Wyoming 20850 

R Staehelina fruticosa (L.)L. 20171 

R Greece 

I SteirodisCUS Schlechteri Bolus ex Schltr. 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

V SteirodisCUS speciosus (Pillans) B.Nord. 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

V Stemmacantha australis (Gaudich.) Dittrich 2068/ 
Ex/E 20681 Australia - New South Wales 2068; 

V 2068; Australia - Queensland 206s; 
Ex/E 20687 Australia - Victona 20681 

E Stemmacantha cynaroides Cuss. sooo. 20i7i 

E 19174 Spain - Canary Is. 19174 

V Stenotus borealis Rydb. 20«50 

V 20850 Canada - Yukon Territory 20S50 

V Stephanomeria blairii Miinz & Johnston 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Stephanomeria diegensis Gottlieb 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 
E Stephanomeria malheurensis Gottlieb 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Oregon 20850 

V Stephanomeria schottii Gray 20883, 20S50 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
208SJ Mexico 20883 

E Stephanomeria tenuifolia (Torr.) Hall var. uintensis 

Goodrich & Welsh 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20S50 

R Stephanomeria wrightii Gray 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

I Steptorhamphus czerepanovii Kirpiczn. 5942 

I 5942 Armenia 5M2 
I 5942 Azerbaijan 5942 

R Steptorhamphus singularis (Wihnott) Fernandes Casas 

R Spain 

R Stevia cruzii Grashoff 96;j 

R 79755 Mexico 96;j 
R 5/evia heptachaeta DC. 76747 

R 76747 Brazil • Goias (Serra Doucada) 76747 

V Stevia lemmonii (Gray) Gray 20850 



V 
R 
R 

R 
R 
R 

V 
R 
R 
V 
E 
R 
E 

V 
V 

Ex/E 

V 
R 

R 
R 



I 20S50 U.S. - Anzona 20850 
Stevia lemmonii (Gray) Gray 20883. 20850 
I 20883 Mexico 20885 

Stevia perfoliata Cronq. 96/8 

R 79755 Mexico 9678 

Stevia plummerae Gray 20S50 



I 



20850 U.S. 
20850 U.S. 



Arizona 20850 
New Mexico 20850 



Stevia nedowskii McVaugh 9552 

R 79755 Mexico 95.?2 

Stevia seemannioides Grashoff 967i 

R 19755 Mexico 967.; 

Stevia talpensis Grashoff 96i3 

R 79755 Mexico 9613 

Stoebe gomphrenoides (Lam.) P.J.Bergius 20604 

V 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Stoebe humilis Levyns 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
Stoebe muirii Levyns 20604 

I 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Stoebe salteri Levyns 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

Stomatochaeta acuminata Pruski 20883 

I 20883 Venezuela 20883 
Strotheria gypsophila B. Turner 9675 

R 79755 Mexico 9675 
Stylocline sonorensis Wiggins 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Arizona 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

Sventenia bupleuroides Font Quer 74766 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. (Gran Canaria) 74/66 
Syncarpha recurvata (L.f.) B.Nord. 20604 

V 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
Syneilesis aconitifolia Maxim, var. longilepis 

Kitam. 70575 
Ex/E 70575 Japan 70575 
Syneilesis intermedia (Hayata) Kitamura 20511 

V 205// Taiwan 205/7 

Syneilesis subglabrata (Yamamoto & Sasaki) 

Kitamura 205/7 
R 20577 Taiwan 205// 

Syneilesis tagawae Kitam. 70575 

R 70575 Japan /057J 

Synosma suaveolens (L.) Raf. ex Britt. 20850 
Ex/E 20850 US - Connecticut 20850 

■ Delaware 20850 

■ District of Columbia 20850 

■ Florida 20850 

■ Georgia 20850 

- Illinois 20850 

■ Indiana 20850 

■ Iowa 20850 
20850 U.S. • Kenmcky 20850 
20850 U.S. ■ Maine 20850 

- Maryland 20850 

■ Massachusetts 20850 

■ Michigan 20S50 

- Minnesota 20850 

■ Missouri 20850 

■ New Jersey 20850 



I 

I 

E 

I 

V 

I 

V 

I 

I 

E 

I 

I 

E 

I 

Ex 

E 



20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. ■ 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20S50 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 



20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 

20850 U.S. 



Ex/E 20850 U.S. 



New York 20850 
North Carolina 20850 



20850 U.S. - Ohio 20850 



-196- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Synosma 



R 
E 



R 
R 



I 
R 

R 
R 
R 



R 


20S50 


U.S. 


- Pennsylvania 20850 


I 


20850 


U.S. 


- Rhode Is. 20850 


V 


20850 


U.S. 


- Tennessee 20850 


V 


20850 


U.S. 


- Virginia 208J0 


E 


208SO 


U.S. 


- West Virginia 20850 


I 


20850 


U.S. 


- Wisconsin 20850 



Synotis simonsii (Clarke) Jeffrey & Chen 14782 

I 14782 India - Assam 14782 
Syntrichopappus lemmonii (Gray) Gray 20iio 

I 20S50 U.S -California 20850 

Taeckholmia arborea (DC.) Boulos 

V 20750 Spam - Canary Is. ;5;05 

Taeckholmia canariensis BouJos 

R ;5;05 Spain ■ Canary Is. 75/05 

Taeckholmia capillaris (Svent.) Boulos 

R 15105 Spam - Canary Is. /5;05 
Taeckholmia heterophylla Boulos 20750 

E 20750 Spain - Canary Is. 20750 
Taeckholmia microcarpa Boulos 

R 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 

Tanacetum akinfievii (Alexeenko) Tzvel. 5942. 20627 

I 5942 Transcaucasus 5942 

Tanacetum albipannosum Huber-Mor. & Grierson I2840 

R !2840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum alyssifolium (Bomm.) Grierson 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum argenteum (Lam.) Willd. ssp. canum (C. 

Koch) Grierson 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum argenteum (Lam.) wuid. ssp. 

flabellifolium (Boiss. & Heldr.) Grierson 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum cappadocicum (DC.) Schultz Bip. I2S40 

R 12840 Turkey ;2S'<0 

Tanacetum densum (Lab.) Schultz Bip. ssp. laxum 

Grierson 12840 
R I2S40 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum densum (Lab.) Schultz Bip. ssp. sivasicum 

Hub.-Mor. & Grierson 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 
Tanacetum eginense (Hausskn. ex Bomm.) 

Grierson ;2S'<0 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum ferulaceum (Webb) Schultz Bip. 20750 

R ;5;05 Spain - Canary Is. 15105 

Tanacetum funkii Sch.Bip. ex wuik. 20/7; 

1 Spain 

Tanacetum germanicopolitanum (Bomm. & Heimerl) 

Grierson 12840 
R 12840 Turkey I2S40 

Tanacetum haradjanii (Rech.fil.) Griei^on 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum haussknechtii (Bomm.) Grierson 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum heterotomum (Bomm.) Grierson i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tanacetum mucronulatum (Hoffmanns. & Link) 
Heywood 207 7/ 

V 20076 Portugal 20076 
Tanacetum oltense (Sosn.) Grierson 12840 



R 12840 Turkey 12840 
R Tanacetum OXtStegium (Sosn.) Grierson 12840 

R 12840 Turkey /2S-J0 
R Tanacetum paczoskii (Zetir.)T7ye\ev 20171 

R former European USSR 

R Tanacetum praeteritum (Horwood) Heywood 12840 

R ;2S-<0 Turkey 12840 

V Tanacetum ptanniciflorum (Webb) Schultz Bip. 17891 

V 20750 Spain - Canary Is. /78!i; 

R Taraxacum aristum Hagl. & Markl. 2068/ 

I 206S; Australia - Capital Territory 20681 

I 2068; Australia - New South Wales 20681 

I 2068/ Australia - Tasmania 20681 

I 20681 Australia ■ Victoria 2068/ 

V Taraxacum califomicum Munz & Johnston 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Taraxacum cygnorum Hand.-Mazz. 2068] 

I 2068/ Australia • Tasmania 2068/ 

I 2068/ Australia ■ Victona 2068/ 

Ex/E 2068/ Australia - Western Australia 2068/ 

R Taraxacum czaunense Jurtz. & Tzvel. 2/josi 

R 2/.?09 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 

R Taraxacum czukoticum Jurtz. 2/J09 

R 2/J09 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 

R Taraxacum dovrense (Dahlst.) Dahlst. /78J2. 20171 

R /7Si2 Norway /78J2 
R Taraxacum glaciate A.Huet ex Hand.-Mazz. /8264. 

20171 
R 18264 Italy (Abruzzi. Lazio) 18264 

R Taraxacum holmboei Lindb.r. 14230 

R 19164 Cyprus (Troodos, Platania. Prodromos. 
Chionistra) 14230 

R Taraxacum jurtzevii Tzvel. 21309 

R 21309 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 

R Taraxacum leucocarpum Jurtz. & Tzvel. 2/J09 

R 2/i09 Russia (E.Europe) ■ North 21309 

R Taraxacum petrovskyi Tzvel. var. petrovskyi 

Tzvel. 2/J09 
R 2/i09 Russia (E.Europe) ■ North 2/J09 

R Taraxacum pseudoplatylepium Jurtz. 21309 

R 21309 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 

R Taraxacum semitubulosum Jurtz. 2/J09 

R 2/.J09 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 

R Taraxacum taimyrense Tzvel. 2/J09, 2/J09 

R 2/J09 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 

R Taraxacum turiense N.l.Or\ovii 20171 

R former European USSR 

R Taraxacum uschakovii Jurtz. 2;i09 

R 2/J09 Russia (E.Europe) - North 21309 
R Taraxacum wrangelicum Tzvel. 2/i09 

R 2/i09 Russia (E.Europe) ■ North 2/J09 

R Taraxacum yuparense H. Koidz. /057J 

R /057J Japan /057J 

Telanthophora arborescens (Steetz) H.E. Rob. & 

Brett. 20883. 10747 
I 20883 Panama 20SS3 
R Telekia speciosissima (L.) Less. 20/7/ 

R Italy 

V Tephroseris helenitis (L.) B. Nordenstam ssp. 

Candida (Corb.) B. Nordenstam 20528 



-197- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Composilae: Tephroseris 

V 20i2S France (Normandy) 2052S 

V Tephroseris helenitis (L.) B. Nordenstam ssp. 

macrochaeta (WiUk. & Lange) B. Nordenstam 2052S 
E 20528 France (Pyrenees-Atlantiques) 20528 

V 20528 Spam 20528 

R Tephroseris integrifolia (L.) Holub. ssp. karsianus 

Mathews 12840 
R ;2S.(0 Turkey 12840 

I Tephroseris integrifolia (L.) Holub. ssp. serpentini 

(G. Gayer) S. Javorka 20/7; 
1 Austna 

1 Tephroseris longifolia (Jacq.) Griseb. et Schenk ssp. 

moravica Holub 2050 
I 797;; Czech RepubMc 2050 
I /782; Slovakia ;7S2y 

R Tetradymia argyraea Munz & Roos 2o«50 

E 20S50 U-S, - Arizona 20850 
I 20S50 US, - California 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 2OS50 

E Tetramolopium arenarium (Gray) Hbd. 2os50 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Tetramolopium arenarium (A.Gray) Hillebrand var. 

arenarium 20S50, 14209 
E 20*50 U.S. - Hawaii (Maui, Hawaii) 20850 
Ex/E Tetramolopium arenarium (A.Gray) Hillebrand var. 
COnfertum Sherff 20850. 14209 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 
Ex/E Tetramolopium arenarium (A.Gray) HUlebr. ssp. laxum 
Lowrey 20850. 14209 
I 20S50 U.S. -Hawaii (east Maui) 20S5O 
E Tetramolopium capillare (Gaud.) St. John 20S50. 

14209 
E 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (Wesl Maui) 20850 
E Tetramolopium consanguineum (Gray) Hbd. 20SS0 

I 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Tetramolopium consanguineum (Gray) Hbd. ssp. 
consanguineum 20850. 14209 

Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Tetramolopium consanguineum (Gray) Hbd. var. kauense 

Lowrey 20850 
E 20850 US - Hawaii 20850 
E Tetramolopium consanguineum (Gray) Hbd. var. 

leptophyllum Sherff 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Tetramolopium consanguineum (Gray) Hbd. ssp. 

leptophyllum (SherfO Lowrey var. kauense 
Sherff 14301 

V 14301 U.S. - Hawaii 14301 
Ex/E Tetramolopium conyzoides (Gray) Hbd. 20850. ;«09 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Tetramolopium filiforme Sherff 20850, /4209 

I 20850 U.S. ■ Hawaii (O'ahu - Wai'anae Mts.) 
20850 

E Tetramolopium filiforme Sherff var. 

filiforme 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii 20850 
E Tetramolopium filiforme Sherff var. polyphyllum 

(SherfO Lowrey 20SS0. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 
R Tetramolopium humile (Gray) Hbd. 20850 



I 20850 U.S. -Hawaii 20850 
E Tetramolopium humile (Gray) Hbd. var. sublaeve 

Sherff 20850, /■<209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Hawaii) 208S0 
E Tetramolopium lepidotum (Less.) Sherff 20850 

I 20850 US - Hawaii 20850 

Ex/E Tetramolopium lepidotum (Less.) Sherff ssp. 
arbusculum (Gray) Lowrey 20850. /0260 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (east Maui) 20850 
E Tetramolopium lepidotum (Less.) Sherff ssp. 

lepidotum 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

E Tetramolopium lepidotum (Less.) Sherff var. 

lepidotum 14209 
E Tetramolopium remyi (Gray) Hbd. 20850, /'(209 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Lana'i) 20850 
E Tetramolopium rockii Sherff 20S50, /«09 

1 /«09 US. - Hawaii (Molokai) 20850 
E Tetramolopium rockii Sherff var. calcisabulorum 

(St. John) Lowrey 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20S50 

E Tetramolopium rockii Sherff var. 

rockii 2os5o 

E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii 20850 

V Tetramolopium sylvae Lowrey 208SO. 14209 
E 19473 Cook Is. (Southern group) (Mitiaro) 

14209 

V 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Molokai & Maui) 20850 

Ex/E Tetramolopium tenerrimum (Less.) Nees 20850. 14209 
Ex/E 20850 U.S. - Hawaii (Oahu - Ko'olau Mts) 
208S0 

V Tetramolopium vagans Pedley 206S/ 

V 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 

E Tetraneuris depressa (Torr. & Gray ex Gray) 

Greene 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - Colorado 20850 
20850 U.S, - Utah 20850 

V Tetraneuris herbacea Greene 20850 

V 20850 Canada - Ontario 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Ilhnois 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Ohio 20850 

R Tetraneuris tumeri (Parker) Parker 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Tetraperone bellioides (Griseb.) Urban 5607 

E Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

R Thaminophyllum latifolium Bond. 20604 

R 2060./ South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Thaminophyllum mundii Harv. 20604 

R 2060-* South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Thaminophyllum mundtii Harvey 

R South Africa - Cape Province 

E Thelesperma caespitosum Dorn 

E 20850 US, - Utah 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Thelesperma curvicarpum t.e. Melchert 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Texas 20850 

E Thelesperma pubescens Dorn 20S50 

E 20850 U.S. -Colorado 20850 
E 2OS50 U.S. ■ Wyoming 20850 

E Thelesperma subnudum A.Gray var. alpinum 

Welsh 20850. ;/6jo 



-198- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Thelesperma 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20SS0 

V Thurovia triflora Rose 20850 

V 20S50 US. - Texas i0850 

E Thymophylla tephroleuca (Blake) Strother 20sso. 

14621 
E 20i50 U.S. - Texas (Zapata Co.) 20850 
E Thymopsis polyantha (Urban) Borh. & Muniz 5607 

E ;9/05 Cuba (Matanzas; Villa Clara) 5607 

R 7b//>is azorica (Nutt.) p.sUva i9n->. 2oni 

R 19174 Portugal - Azores 19174 

V Tolpis crassiuscula Svent. 20750 

V ;5;05 Spam • Canary Is. ;5;05 

E Tolpis glabrescens Kammer 20750 

E 20750 Spatn - Canary Is. 75/05 
R Tolpis macrorhiza (Lowe ex Hook.) DC. 

R Portugal - Madeira 

R Tomanthea daralghezica (Fomin) Takhi. 

R former USSR 6950 

R Tonestus aberrans (A. Nels.) Nesom & Morgan 20S50 

R 20850 U.S. - Idaho 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

V Tonestus alpinus (L.C. Anders. & Goodrich) Nesom & 

Morgan 20850 

V 20850 US - Nevada 20850 

E Tonestus graniticus (Tiehm & L. Shultz) Nesom & 

Morgan 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
R Tonestus peirsonii (Keck) Nesom & Morgan 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Townsendia alpigena Piper var. caelilinensis 

(Welsh) Kartesz & Gandhi 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Townsendia alpigena Piper var. minima (Eastw.) 

Dorn 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Umh 20850 

E Townsendia apnea Welsh & Reveal 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah (Sevier. Wayne & Emeiy Co.) 
20850 

V Townsendia condensate (Heiser) Dorn var. anomala 

(Heiser) Dorn 20850 

V 20850 US - Wyoming 20850 

V Townsendia formosa Greene 208So 

I 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - New Mexico 20850 

E Townsendia jonesii (Beaman) Reveal var. 

jonesii 20850 

E 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

E Townsendia jonesii (Beaman) Reveal var. lutea 

Welsh 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

V Townsendia jonesii (Beaman) Reveal var. tumulosa 

Reveal 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

R Townsendia mensana M.E.Jones 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Townsendia nuttallii Dorn 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

V Townsendia rothrockii Gray ex Rothrock 20850 



I 20850 U.S. 

E 20850 U.S. 



Colorado 20S50 
New Mexico 20850 



V 
R 

E 
R 
R 

V 
R 
V 
R 
R 

R 
V 

E 
R 
V 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 

R 
R 
E 

R 
R 



Townsendia smithii L. Shultz & A. Holmgren 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Anzona 20850 

Townsendia spathulata Nutt. 20850 

1 20850 Canada - Alberta 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Montana 20850 

R 20850 U.S. - Wyoming 20850 

Tracyina rostrata Blake 20S50, 14662 
E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 
Tragopogon albinervis Freyn & Sint 12840 
R ;2840 Turkey 12840 

Tragopogon collinus DC. 8895 

R Egypt 



E 
R 



Isiael 8895 
Jordan 8937 



Tragopogon cretaceus S.A.Nikitin 20/7/ 

V former European USSR 
Tragopogon fibrOSUS Freyn & Sinl. ex Freyn 12840 
R ;987i Turkey 12840 

Tragopogon lassithicus Rech.f. 20/7; 

V 2075/ Greece - Crete 20731 
Tragopogon Oligolepis Hartvig & SIrid 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Trichanthemis aulieatensis (B. Fedtscb.) 

Kraschen. 5942 

R 5942 Kazakhstan 5942 
Trichanthemis aurea Kraschen. sooi 

R Asiatic USSR. 69J0 

Trichanthodium baracchianum (Ewart & j.w.White) 

P.S.Short 20687 

V 20687 Australia - Victoria 20687 
Trichocline beckeri H. Robinson 2obs3 

I 20S83 Pern 208S3 

Tridax durangensis A. Garcia 14294 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

Tripleurospermum baytopianum E. Hossain i2840 

V 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tripleurospermum corymbosum E. Hossain 72840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tripleurospermum fissurale (Sosn.) E. Hossain 12840 
R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tripleurospermum hygrophilum (Bomm.) Bomm. 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tripleurospermum kotschyi (Boiss.) E. Hossain 12840 

R 12840 Turkey 12840 

Tripleurospermum rosellum (Boiss. & Orph.) Hayek var. 

album E. Hossain 72840 
R 72840 Turkey /2840 

Troglophyton acocksianum HUliard 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

Tugarinovia mongolica Iljin 7767 7 

R 77677 China - Nei Monggol Zizhiqu 77759 

Tuxtla pittieri (Greenman in W. W. Jones) Villasenor & 

Strother 20883 
I 20883 Costa Rica 20883 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

Vechtritna armena Freyn & Sint. i284o 

R 12840 Turkey 72840 

Urbananthus critoniformis (Urb.) R. Kmg & H. 



-199- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Urbananthus 

Robinson 20883 
R 20883 Jamaica 20883 
R Urbananthus critoniformis (Urb.) R. King & H. Robinson 

var. critoniformis 20883 

R 20883 Jamaica 20883 

V Urbananthus critoniformis (Urb.) R. King & H. Robinson 

var. pubescens Adams 20883 

V 20883 Jamaica 20883 

I Urmenetea atacamensis PhOippi 20176 

1 20/76 Argentma - Catamarca 20/76 

I 20/76 Argentina - Jujuy 20/76 

I 20/76 Argentma - Salta 20/76 

I 20/76 Chile ' Antofagasta 20176 

R Urmenetea calchaquina 16336 

R 19448 Argentina 16336 
R Ursinia coronopifolia (Less.) N.E.Br. 20604 

R 20604 South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
R Ursinia subflosculosa (DC.) Prassler 20604 

R 2060J South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 

R Vanclevea stylosa (Easiw.) Greene 20S50 

I 20«50 U.S. - Anzona 20*50 

V 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 

R Vellereophyton felinum Milliard 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 20604 

R Vellereophyton gracillimum Milliard 20604 

R 2O60'< South Africa - Cape Province 20604 
R Vellereophyton lasianthum (Schltr. & Moeser) 

Hilliard 20604 

R 20604 South Africa - Cape Province 2060'> 
R Vellereophyton pulvinatum Hilliard 20604 

R 2060'> South Afnca - Cape Province 20604 
E Verbesina angulata Urban 5607 

E 19105 Cuba (Ciud. Habana) 5607 

V Verbesina aristata (EU.) Heller 20S50 
Ex/E 20850 US. - Alabama 20*50 

I 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

I 20S50 U.S. - Georgia 20S50 

V Verbesina aspera Blake 208S3. 13336 

V /iii6 Jamaica 20883 

E Verbesina baruensis Hammel & D'Arcy 20883. 10747 

I 20SW Panama 208S3 

V Verbesina caymanensis Proctor /97/2 

V 19434 Cayman Is. (Spot Bay. Cayman Brae.) 

19434 

V Verbesina chapmanii j.r. Coleman 20*50. 22J2 

V 20850 US, - Flonda 20850 

R Verbesina corral-diazii B. Turner 14294 

R 14294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

R Verbesina dissita Gray 

E 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

R Verbesina durangensis B. Tm-ner ;4294 

R /4294 Mexico - Durango 14294 

E Verbesina fuscasiccans D\rcy 20883.9006 

1 208SJ Panama 2088J 

E Verbesina harlingii H. Robinson 20883 

I 2O88J Ecuador 20883 

V V«r6esina heterophylla (Chapman) Gray 20850 

V 20850 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Verbesina karsticola Proctor 208SJ. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 2088J 



R Verbesina nervosa Blake 20883. 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 20885 
R Verbesina petrobioides (Griseb.) Blake 20883 

R 2088J Jamaica 20883 
R Verbesina portlandiana Proctor 20883. 13336 

R 13336 Jamaica 20883 

V Verbesina propinqua (Britton) Blake 2088.i. ;jjj6 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

V Verbesina rupestris (Urb.) Blake 2088i 

V 20883 Jamaica 2088J 

V Verbesina villonacoensis H. Robinson 20S8J 

I 20883 Ecuador 2088.' 

R Vemonia accomodata wud 7752 

R Zimbabwe 7752 

Ex Vemonia africana (Sond.) Druce 20604. 3774 

Ex 20604 Soudi Afnca - Natal 20604 

I Vemonia anceps c.B. Clarke 8021 

I ;6/62 Sn Lanka 802/ 

R Vemonia andamanica Balakr. & Nair ;o;77 

R 14782 India - Andaman Is. (Saddle Peak, N. 
Andamans) 10177 

R Vemonia angusta (Gleason) Standley 9004 

R 9004 Guatemala 9004 

V Vemonia aronifolia Gleas. 5607 

V /9/05 Cuba (Pinar del Rio) 5607 

I Vemonia beddomei Hook.f. 

1 India . Kerala 

R Vemonia blodgettii Small 20850 

R 20S50 U.S. - Flonda 20850 

V Vemonia borinquensis Urban 2088J 
I 2O88J Puerto Rico 2088J 

I Vemonia bourdillonii Gamble 

I India - Kerala (Travancore Hills; Chemungi) 

9J/5 
I India - Tamil Nadu (Timnelveli Dist.) 

9315 

E Vemonia cajamarcensis H. Robinson 20S83 

I 20883 Peru 20883 

R Vemonia cockbumiana Half. f. /55J4 

R /55.)4 Yemen - Socotra 15534 
R Vemonia cristalensis Alain 5607 

R /9/05 Cuba (Holguin) 5607 

R Vemonia djalonensis A. Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalz. 7926 

R Guinea 7926 

R Vemonia elsieae Stutts //5S5 

R ;/5S5 Brazil //5S5 

R Vemonia eylesii 6oss 

R 6088 Zimbabwe 6088 
R Vemonia fischeri o.Hotfm. 20057 

R 20057 Kenya (Mwingi: Makueni) 20057 

I Vemonia fysoni CalAer 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Palani Hills) 

V Vemonia garrettiana Craib ;9/20 

V 19120 Thailand 19120 

E Vemonia guerreroana S. B. Jones 2088J 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

V Vemonia harrisii s. Moore 2088J. 13336 

V /JJJ6 Jamaica 20885 

E Vemonia heringeri H. Robinson 20883 



-200- 



The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Vernonia 

I 208SS Brazil 708)1 

I Vernonia heynii Beddome ex Gamble 

I India - Kerala (Travancore Hills) 

R Vernonia kawoziensis Davies 7749 

R Malawi 

I Vernonia kerrii Craib 19120 

I 19120 Thailand 19120 
R Vernonia leonis Alain 5607 

R 1910S Cuba (Guanianamo) 5607 

V Vernonia maestralis Ekman & Urban S607 

V ;9;05 Cuba (Granma: Sanuago de Cuba) 5607 

I Vernonia membranacea Beddome ex S. Moore 

I India ' Kerala (Tnvandnjm Distnct) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Sispara, Nilgin Hills) 

E Vernonia multibracteata Gamble 11494 

E 11494 India - Kerala (Peermade. Idukki Dislnct) 



Vernonia nepetifolia Wild 

R Zimbabwe (Chimanimani) 7749 

Vernonia peninsularis (Cl.) Hook.r. 

I India - Tamil Nadu 

Vernonia pluvialis Gleason 20S83 
R 20883 Jamaica 20383 
Vernonia principes Gagnep. 19/20 
I 19120 Thailand 19120 
Vernonia proctori L.E. Urbatsch 79002 

? Puerto Rico ;*767 

Vernonia proctorii L. E. Urbatsch 20883 

I 20883 Puerto Rico 20883 
Vernonia pulchella SmaU 20850 
R 20850 U.S. - Georgia 20850 
1 20850 U.S. - Soudl Carolina 208S0 

Vernonia pulneyensis Gamb\e 11494 

E 11494 India - Tamil Nadu (Pulney Hills. W. Ghats) 



R 

I 

V 

E 

R 



I 



Ex/E 
E 



Ex/E 



11494 

Vernonia ramasamii Hutch. 9315 

I India * Kerala (Trivandrum Disl.) 93J5 

I India - Tamil Nadu 9315 

Vernonia recurva Beddome ex S. Moore 11494 
Ex/E 11494 India - Tamil Nadu 11494 

Vernonia reedii Ekman & Urban 5607 

E :9I05 Cuba (Sancli Spintus) 5607 

Vernonia rigida Sw. 20883. 13336 

E 19890 Jamaica (Trelawny) 20883 
Vernonia saligna DC. var. nilghirensis 
Hook.f. 

I India - Kerala (Wynaad) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Nilgiri Hills) 

Vernonia salvifolia Wight 

I India - Kerala (Travancore) 

I India - Tamil Nadu (Courtallum Hills) 

Vernonia sangka Kerr /9120 
I 19120 Thailand I9I20 

Vernonia seychellensis Baker 14296 

Ex/E 14981 Seychelles 14981 
Vernonia thomsoni Hook.f. 14872 
V 14872 Bangladesh 14872 
Vernonia thwaitesii C.B. Clarke 8021 
I /6/62 Sri Lanka 8021 



V Vernonia verticillata Proctor 20883. 13336 

V 13336 Jamaica 20883 

E Vernonia viminalis Gleas. 

E /9/05 Cuba 19105 

V Vernonia yunquensis Gleas. 5607 

V 1910S Cuba (Guanianamo) 5607 

R Vieraea laevigata (Brouss. ex waid.) Webb 20750 

R /5/05 Spam - Canary Is. /5;05 

E Viguiera eriophora ssp. poblana Panero & 

Schilling 20883 
I 20883 Mexico 20883 

E Viguiera guerrerana Panero & Schilling 20883 

I 2OS8J Mexico 20883 

E Viguiera mirandae Panero & Schilling 20883 

I 20883 Mexico 20883 

E Viguiera phenax Blake 20*50 

E 20SS0 U.S -Texas 20850 

R Viguiera puruana Paray 9550 

R /9755 Mexico 9550 

V Viguiera reticulata S.Watson 20S50 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

I 20850 U.S. - Nevada 20850 

E Viguiera Sharpii Panero & Schilling 2088i 

1 2088J Mexico 20883 

V Viguiera splendens Panero & Schilling 20883 
1 20883 Mexico 20SSJ 

E Viguiera weberbaueri Blake ;82oo 

E 9446 Peru 18200 
R Vittadinia sericea N.Burb. 2068; 

R 2068/ Australia - Queensland 2068/ 
R Volutaria belouini (Humbert) Maire 

R Morocco 

V Volutaria bollei (S.B. ex BoUe) Hans. & Kunk. 20750 

V /5/05 Spain - Canary Is. /5/05 

R Volutaria saharae (A. Chev.) Quezel & Santa i048s 

R 14958 Algena 10488 

V Wagenitzia lancifolia (Sieber ex Spreng.) 

Dostal 8000. 2017] 

V 207J/ Greece - Crete 8000 

V Wedelia inconstans D'Arcy 20883. 9006 

I 20883 Panama 20883 

R Wemeria ciliolata A.Gray 1S200 

R 9446 Peru 18200 

E Westoniella lanuginosa Cuatr. zossj. 9540 

I 2O88J Costa Rica 20883 
I 20S8J Panama 20883 

V Whitneya dealbata Gray 20850 
I 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

E Wilkesia hobdyi St. John 208S0. 14209 

E 20850 U.S. • Hawaii (Kauai) 20850 

V Wyethia reticulata Greene 208S0 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20850 

V Xylorhiza cognata (Hall) T.j. Wats. 20883. 208S0. 

19002 

V 20850 U.S. - California 20S50 
1 20883 Mexico 2088i 

E Xylorhiza confertifolia (Cronq.) T.J. Wats. 208SO 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20850 
E Xylorhiza cronquistii Welsh & Atwood 20850 



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The 1997 lUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 

Magnoliopsida (dicots): Compositae: Xylorhiza 

E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20S50 

E Xylorhiza glabriuscula T.J. Wais. var. linearifolia 

T.J. Wats. 20850 
E 20850 U.S. - Utah 20SS0 
R Xylorhiza orcuttii (Vasev & Rose) Greene 20883. 

20850, 8058 
V 20850 U.S. - California